amusement park

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
View of the Europa-Park Rust

An amusement park is either a permanent amusement park that combines several attractions on a larger area - rides (carousels, bumper cars, roller coasters, etc.), show booths , shows , exhibitions , museums - or a park with extended options, such as various leisure facilities (e.g. B. playgrounds, mini golf or climbing walls), for leisure activities and relaxation .

Definition of amusement parks

There are various approaches and suggestions for the definition of amusement parks in the specialist literature. A modern, concise approach defines, classifies and typologizes theme parks as follows:

"An amusement park is understood to mean all offers created for the general public, consisting of several artificial or natural leisure elements, which are grouped together in delimited areas or rooms to form an organizational unit under administrative and marketing law and enable people to be active in the design and spending of their individual leisure time Demand feelings. "

- Dominik Rossmann : Leisure parks and strategic marketing , 2013, p. 126

According to this definition Parks are again divided into three types, the theme parks , the theme parks and the sports park . This division results from five typical, constitutive features that allow each amusement park to be assigned to one of the three types

The five constitutive elements that classify and typify an amusement park are:

  1. Strategic intention
  2. Operative intention (primarily activated sensors)
  3. Tactical intention (desired experience character)
  4. Architectural features
  5. Content characteristics

Amusement parks are legally defined as playgrounds that are also aimed at adults, whose visitors therefore have the virtues of prudence and moderation that are regularly assumed.

Facility and entry fees

An amusement park is usually designed in such a way that it offers a destination for a day trip . Larger parks are increasingly offering overnight accommodation for stays of several days (e.g. Europa-Park ) or offer additional offers such as an attached water park ( e.g. Duinrell ), cinemas or rooms for conferences.

In most parks an entrance fee is charged for entering the site , after which most attractions can usually be used without additional payment. It works differently with the so-called Tivoli principle (named after one of the oldest amusement parks in the world, Tivoli Copenhagen ). Here, like a folk festival, admission is free or quite cheap, but you have to pay separately for the use of the attractions. However, some of these parks also offer tickets that cover the use of the attractions at a flat rate.

If a park is consistently designed in a particular style, it is called a theme park . These theme parks are either divided into several different thematic areas (such as Phantasialand , Europa-Park , Movie Park Germany or Disneyland ) or concentrate on a specific theme area (e.g. marine theme parks such as Sea World or the Tripsdrill adventure park).

Amusement parks in video games

Various computer games also deal with the construction and management of an amusement park. The first was Theme Park (1994), the RollerCoaster Tycoon series is also known. In addition to the economic simulation part, you can often design your own roller coasters , but there are usually fewer options than with pure roller coaster construction games such as NoLimits .

Park as a leisure park

Furthermore, a park for recreational activities is also called an amusement park if certain options for recreational use, such as various leisure facilities (e.g. playgrounds, mini golf or climbing walls), are added to the normal horticultural design of a park. The Lindlar amusement park is an example of such a park.

See also

 Wikipedia: WikiProjekt amusement parks and rides - Wikipedia-internal editorial department on the subject of amusement parks and rides

Individual evidence

  1. Dominik Rossmann: Leisure parks and strategic marketing , 2013, p. 129f


  • Uwe Fichtner / Rudolf Michna: Leisure parks. General features of a modern leisure offer, deepened using the example of Europa-Park in Rust / Baden . Freiburg. (424 pp. In large format) Freiburg 1987
  • Hans-Jürgen Kagelmann, Reinhard Bachleitner, Max Rieder (eds.): Erlebniswelten , Profil Verlag, Munich 2004, ISBN 978-3-89019-529-2
  • Norbert Loacker : What the masses like . Essay. Innsbruck, Limbus 2016. ISBN 978-3-99039-079-5
  • Dominik Rossmann: Leisure parks in the context of the leisure and adventure society . Ulysses Verlag, Munich 2012, ISBN 978-3-9812352-3-4
  • Dominik Rossmann: Leisure parks and strategic marketing . 2nd, revised and expanded edition, Ulysses Verlag, Munich 2013, ISBN 978-3-9808057-9-7
  • Hubert Schäfer: Leisure industry. Structure and development . Deutscher UniversitätsVerlag, Wiesbaden 1995, ISBN 978-3-631-37552-5 .
  • Markus Wachter: Artificial Leisure Worlds . Lang, Frankfurt 2001, ISBN 978-3-631-37552-5 (also dissertation at the University of Vienna 2000).

Web links

Commons : Amusement parks  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files
Wiktionary: Amusement park  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations