Tivoli (Copenhagen)

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place Copenhagen , Denmark
opening 1843
Visitors 4.5 million (2014)
surface 8.3 hectares
Website www.tivoli.dk
Tivoli (Denmark)
Location of the park

Coordinates: 55 ° 40 ′ 26 ″  N , 12 ° 34 ′ 4 ″  E

The Tivoli in downtown Copenhagen is a world-famous amusement and recreation park . The complex, decorated with flower beds and fountains, is located between Rathausplatz and the main train station .


King Christian VIII had given the former military area along the city wall, which later became part of the green belt of the Copenhagen ramparts , to the officer and publisher Georg Carstensen (1812–1857) for an amusement park. It was opened on August 15, 1843, making it one of the oldest existing amusement parks in the world. The original name Kjøbenhavns Tivoli og Vauxhall referred to the Jardin de Tivoli in Paris and the Vauxhall Gardens in London . Ultimately, only the name, derived from the Italian city of Tivoli , remained.

The founder Georg Carstensen only headed the corporation for a few years. The operators of the individual attractions were able to exercise their influence in it. Tivoli remained open during World War II and the associated blackout regulations. However, the continuous development of the amusement park was interrupted by an explosion by the German occupiers on June 24 and 25, 1944, which led to a major fire. The Tivoli, where jazz music was played and artists such as Louis Armstrong performed, was regarded by the Nazi regime as a haven of cultural resistance. The Danish July strike in 1944 was also a protest against the destruction of Tivoli. Nevertheless, entertainment was resumed after a short break.

Initially, the operating company leased the site from the city of Copenhagen. In 1992 she became the owner of the property. Lars Liebst has been running the amusement park since 1996. Under his direction, conflicts arose between the more nostalgic regular guests of the theme park on the one hand and proponents of profit-increasing modernizations on the other. The association "Friends of Tivoli" ( Tivolis Venner ) protested violently against the plans to tear down the so-called Andersen Castle on HC Andersen Boulevard and replace it with a hotel tower. The plan to accommodate a three-story shopping center in the park area also provoked opposition. The establishment of an own wind turbine for energy supply was received more positively.


The Tivoli in Christmas lights

The park offers numerous attractions . These include roller coasters , rides , cabarets and pantomime theaters as well as the 80-meter-high Starflyer chain carousel , which was the world's highest chain carousel until 2010. There are a total of 37 different restaurants and 23 rides. At the Tivoli Lake is a Chinese pagoda . After dark, the park is colorfully illuminated .

In the central Plænen area , concerts by Danish and international musicians and other entertainers take place regularly during the season .

roller coaster

A lake in Tivoli with the Dæmonen roller coaster
Aerial view , photographed by Eduard Spelterini , June 22, 1922

opening hours

The park is open from mid-April to late September. Since 2005, the “Jul i Tivoli” (Christmas in Tivoli) has been a Christmas market to which all rides open. In addition, a Halloween festival is celebrated during the Danish autumn holidays and the park is opened for the winter theme in February.

Visitor numbers


1995–2005: Clavé, Salvador Anton: The global Theme Park Industry. 2007, p. 65

2006-2014: Global Attractions Attendance Report 2006-2014 ( 2006 ( Memento of 22 April 2007 at the Internet Archive ) (PDF), Global Attractions Attendance Report 2007 (PDF) TEA, accessed on 10 March 2016 (English). , Global Attractions Attendance Report 2008. (PDF) TEA, accessed on March 10, 2016 (English). , Global Attractions Attendance Report 2009. (PDF) TEA, accessed on March 10, 2016 (English). , Global Attractions Attendance Report 2010. (PDF) TEA, accessed on March 10, 2016 (English). , Global Attractions Attendance Report 2011. (PDF) TEA, accessed on March 10, 2016 (English). , Global Attractions Attendance Report 2012. (PDF) TEA, accessed on March 10, 2016 (English). , Global Attractions Attendance Report 2013. (PDF) TEA, accessed on March 10, 2016 (English). , Global Attractions Attendance Report 2014. (PDF) TEA, accessed on January 16, 2016 ( English). )


  • Per Eilstrup, Ellen Dahl: The Story of the Fairytale Garden , Copenhagen 2005. ISBN 8791087546
  • Steen Kristensen: Georg Carstensen - Tivolis founder. En historie om guldalderens forlystelseskonge , Copenhagen 2003. ISBN 87-02-02158-7
  • Robert Schediwy, Franz Baltzarek: Green in the big city. History and future of European parks with special consideration of Vienna , Vienna 1982. ISBN 3-85063-125-7

See also

Web links

Commons : Tivoli Gardens, Copenhagen  - Album with pictures, videos and audio files
  • Tivoli Official Website (Danish, English, Chinese)
  • Tivolis venner Critical website of the «Friends of Tivoli» (Danish)

Individual evidence

  1. Global Attractions Attendance Report 2014. (pdf) (No longer available online.) TEA, formerly in the original ; accessed on June 5, 2015 .  ( Page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Dead Link / www.aecom.com  
  2. The Star Flyer. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on March 9, 2016 ; accessed on March 9, 2016 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.tivoligardens.com