|Metropolitan city||Rome (RM)|
|Residents||56,750 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density||835 inhabitants / km²|
|Factions||Tivoli Terme , Villa Adriana, Campolimpido, Favale|
|Patron saint||San Lorenzo|
Tivoli (ancient name: Tibur ) is a city in the metropolitan city of Rome in the Italian region of Lazio with 56,750 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2019). It is 32 km east of Rome . The city's name has become synonymous with amusement parks . Tivoli is the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Tivoli .
Tibur was a city of the Latins who joined the whole of Latium in the 4th century BC. Came under Roman control ( Municipium 90 BC). In front of the city, Emperor Hadrian built an extensive villa complex , the Villa Adriana , as a summer residence. The splendid palace and gardens with artificial lakes, water features and theaters have made Tivoli a synonym for amusement parks.
Even in the Middle Ages, Tivoli was one of the most important places around Rome. In the middle of the 16th century, Pirro Ligorio built the Villa d'Este, famous for the fountains in its Renaissance garden, for Cardinal Ippolito d'Este .
The romantic location of the city with the waterfalls of the Aniene and the ancient ruins has always attracted artists.
Mayor and City Council
Sandro Gallotti ( PdL ) was elected mayor in April 2010. His center-right alliance provided the majority in the municipal council with 18 out of 30 seats. His predecessor Giuseppe Baisi ( PD ) was elected in April 2008, but resigned on January 20, 2010 as his center-left coalition broke up. Giuseppe Proietti has been mayor since June 11, 2014.
coat of arms
Blazon : “Divided by red and blue, above an eagle in natural colors with a golden crown hovering over the head, surmounted by two five-way tinned silver round towers on the dividing line, the right one in black Roman capital letters the word LIBERTAS (FREEDOM), the left one Carrying the word NOBILITAS (NOBILITY, FAMOUS) under the crenellated wreath, below a five-pinned, three-arched bridge of silver, black-jointed cuboids with a raised central arch, above the lettering TIBVR SVPERBVM (STOLZES TIBUR) in black majus, growing from a corrugated shield base in natural water colors Above the coat of arms a golden five-petalled crown ( ducal crown) set with red and green stones and silver pearls .
A variation of the coat of arms shows above a black eagle without a crown, below a blue wave shield base with three black wave threads for the river instead of the one in natural colors; the lettering TIBUR SUPERBUM in black capital letters.
- Villa Adriana , UNESCO World Heritage
- Villa d'Este , UNESCO World Heritage
- Villa Gregoriana at the Aniene waterfall
- Old town with several medieval churches
- Temple district with a Roman round temple ( Tempio di Vesta ) and a rectangular temple ( Tempio della Sibilla )
- Remains of the Roman amphitheater next to the Rocca Pia
- Ruins of the temple complex of Hercules Victor . After years of restoration, the temple is accessible again on certain occasions (e.g. exhibitions or guided tours).
Daughters and sons of the city
- Simplicius († 483), Pope from 468 to 483
- John IX († 900), Pope from 898 to 900
- Viktor IV. (1095–1164), antipope to Pope Alexander III.
- Emilio Segrè (1905–1989), physicist and Nobel Prize winner
- Antonio Rosati (born 1983), football player
- Helmut Schareika : Tivoli and the Villa Hadriana. Cultural guide on history and archeology. Philipp von Zabern, Mainz 2010, ISBN 978-3-8053-4158-5 .
- Libri ad Tiburis historiam pertinentes
- Official website (Italian and English)
- Tivoli and surroundings - Discover the lands. Archived from the original on December 25, 2008 ; accessed on March 6, 2018 (English).
- Tivoli in old postcards
- Tivoli in prints
- 360 ° panoramas of Villa d'Este and Villa Adriana
- Illustration by Daniel Meisner from 1624: Tybur. Ultimus Ardor ( digitized version )
- Illustration by Daniel Meisner from 1624: Tiburtum. Piger Existens Tu Dives, Pauper Eris ( digitized version )
- Statistiche demografiche ISTAT. Monthly population statistics of the Istituto Nazionale di Statistica , as of December 31 of 2019.
- Elezioni regionali ed amministrative del 28 - 29 marzo 2010. Archived from the original on April 2010 ; accessed on March 6, 2018 .
- Press release by the community on January 21, 2010
- Homepage of the responsible administration accessed on July 22, 2018 (Italian)