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Flag of the Lazio Region

Coat of arms of the Lazio region
Sardinien Autonome Region Sizilien Kalabrien Kampanien Basilikata Molise Apulien Abruzzen Latium Marken Umbrien Toskana Ligurien Aostatal Piemont Lombardei Venetien Emilia-Romagna Trentino-Südtirol Friaul-Julisch Venetien San Marino Vatikanstadt Algerien Tunesien Malta Montenegro Bosnien und Herzegowina Kroatien Slowenien Ungarn Schweiz Österreich Schweiz Monaco Frankreich Frankreich FrankreichMap of Italy, Lazio highlighted
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Basic data
Capital Rome
Provinces 5 including metropolitan city of Rome
surface 17,207.68 km² ( 9. )
Residents 5,865,544 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density 341 inhabitants / km²
ISO 3166-2 IT-62
president Nicola Zingaretti ( PD )

Relief map of the Lazio region

Latium ( Italian Lazio ) is a region in central Italy with 5,865,544 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2019). The most important city in Lazio is the Italian capital Rome . The area designation existed in ancient times, but the borders of Lazio have shifted in different places over the centuries.


In ancient times, Latium was understood to mean only the roughly rectangular area between the Tiber , Sabine Mountains , Sinuessa (today's Mondragone ) and the Tyrrhenian Sea .

Today's Lazio is about halfway up the "Italian boot" on its west coast on the Tyrrhenian Sea, which is part of the Mediterranean . The northernmost city is Acquapendente , the southernmost Gaeta . In the countryside, Lazio is surrounded (in the order from north to south) by the regions of Tuscany , Umbria , Marche , Abruzzo , Molise and Campania .


Geologically, Lazio consists of three types of landscape.

Most of the rivers - the Tiber with its tributary, the Aniene , the Marta and the Garigliano with its tributaries Liri and Sacco - flow into the Tyrrhenian Sea. Only the Tronto , which rises in the Monti della Laga, flows into the Adriatic Sea .


The Lazio Region marketing logo

In the 6th century BC The Latins settled in Lazio . In the Second Latin War from 340 to 338 BC BC subjugated Rome and the area became the core of the Roman Empire . After its fall , Lazio belonged to the Italian kingdom of Odoacer until 493 , and in 536 it was conquered by the Eastern Roman Empire . 755 the region was as a fief of the King of the Franks to the Pope , it became the core of the to be formed beginning Papal States . When the Franconian Empire was divided in 843 it fell to the Kingdom of Italy , but soon regained complete independence. In the course of Napoleon's Italian campaign , the Papal State was taken by French troops and Latium received a republican government based on the model of the Directory of the French Revolution . But as early as 1799, the First Napoleonic War put an end to the republic. In 1801 Pope Pius VII brought Napoleon to give in, who now restored the papal state. However, due to the Pope's refusal to participate in an alliance against Great Britain, the Papal States occupied the Papal States again in 1807/08, and in 1809 it was declared annexed by Napoleon. At the Congress of Vienna in 1815, however, it was decided to restore it. In 1860 Umbria and the Marches joined the newly formed Kingdom of Italy due to political, economic and military uncertainty . In 1870 the papal state, which was now limited to Lazio, was incorporated into the Italian nation- state. The Lazio region has been an administrative unit since 1947.

Administrative division

The provinces and the metropolitan city of Lazio

Lazio consists of the following four provinces and one metropolitan city :

Province or metropolitan city Capital ISO Communities Population
(December 31, 2019)
Area (km²) Population
density (inh / km²)
Frosinone Frosinone IT-FR 91 485.241 3,243.95 150
Latina Latina IT LT 33 576,655 2,256.16 256
Rieti Rieti IT-RI 73 154,232 2,749.16 56
Rome Rome IT RM 121 4,333,274 5,351.81 810
Viterbo Viterbo IT-VT 60 316.142 3,612.24 88
Lazio Rome IT-62 378 5,865,544 17,207.68 341

There are the following cities and larger municipalities in the region.

local community province Residents
Rome Rome 2,705,317
Latina Latina 116.234
Guidonia Montecelio Rome 89,256
Aprilia Latina 67,260
Fiumicino Rome 65,088
Viterbo Viterbo 61,437
Pomezia Rome 57,254
Tivoli Rome 53,095
Velletri Rome 51,925
Civitavecchia Rome 51,923
Anzio Rome 50.205
Frosinone Frosinone 48,256
Rieti Rieti 47,634
Nettuno Rome 43,780
Terracina Latina 43,298
Ardea Rome 39,626
Albano Laziale Rome 39,137
Marino Rome 38,478
Ladispoli Rome 38,435
Ciampino Rome 37,938
Monterotondo Rome 37,916
Formia Latina 37,242
Fondi Latina 36,479
Cerveteri Rome 34,727
Cisterna di Latina Latina 34,100
Cassino Frosinone 32,929
Alatri Frosinone 29,059
Fonte Nuova Rome 26,802
Sora Frosinone 26,441
Sezze Latina 23,988
Genzano di Roma Rome 23,356
Ceccano Frosinone 22,740
Gaeta Latina 21,711
Frascati Rome 20,768
Colleferro Rome 21,885
Anagni Frosinone 21,332
Ferentino Frosinone 20,968
Grottaferrata Rome 20,709
Veroli Frosinone 20,596
Mentana Rome 20,066

Status: March 31, 2008 Source: ISTAT


Compared with the GDP of the European Union (expressed in purchasing power standards) in 2015 reached the region an index of 110 (EU-28: 100). With a value of 0.890, Lazio ranks 4th among the 21 regions and autonomous provinces of Italy in the Human Development Index .

In 2017 the unemployment rate was 10.7%.


In addition to Rome, the Alban Mountains , the volcanic lakes of different sizes, of which the Lago di Bracciano and the Lago di Bolsena in the border triangle Tuscany / Umbria / Lazio are the largest, as well as southern Lazio, here in particular the monastery, are considered to be particularly attractive for tourists Monte Cassino , which was completely destroyed in World War II, but was rebuilt afterwards.

Web links

Commons : Latium  - collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Lazio  - tourist guide
Wiktionary: Latium  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations


  1. Statistiche demografiche ISTAT. Monthly population statistics of the Istituto Nazionale di Statistica , as of December 31 of 2019.
  2. Eurostat. Retrieved April 15, 2018 .
  3. ^ Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab. Retrieved August 12, 2018 .
  4. Unemployment rate, by NUTS 2 regions. Retrieved November 5, 2018 .

Coordinates: 41 ° 49 '  N , 12 ° 44'  E