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coat of arms
Montelibretti (Italy)
Country Italy
region Lazio
Metropolitan city Rome  (RM)
Coordinates 42 ° 8 ′  N , 12 ° 44 ′  E Coordinates: 42 ° 8 ′ 6 ″  N , 12 ° 44 ′ 19 ″  E
height 232  m slm
surface 44 km²
Residents 5,212 (Dec 31, 2019)
Population density 118 inhabitants / km²
Post Code 00010
prefix 0774
ISTAT number 058063
Popular name Montelibrettesi
Patron saint San Nicola

Montelibretti is a municipality in the metropolitan city of Rome in the Italian region of Lazio with 5212 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2019). It is 48 kilometers north of Rome .

City gate of Montelibretti


Montelibretti lies in the Monti Sabini .


In the Colle del Forno area there are 18 tombs dug from the 7th to 6th centuries BC. They may have belonged to the ancient city of Eretum , the first city of the Sabines on the Via Salaria , which is now considered by many archaeologists to be the predecessor of the Casacotta district . It was made by Gaius Nautius Rutilus in 458 BC. Conquered for Rome. The powerful Valerii family came from Eretum .

Zuavenefecht in Montelibretti on October 13, 1867. Here the German Sergeant Bach seized the initiative and took over the leadership of his troops independently, which is why he was promoted to officer on the battlefield.

In 1867 there was a bloody battle between the papal Zouaves and Garibaldi's Italian insurgents, which is mentioned several times in contemporary literature because of its dramatic course and of which there is a memorial painting. On October 13, the fortified village of Montelibretti, lying on a hill overgrown with vineyards, was to be taken by the papal soldier. Contrary to initial assumptions, it was heavily occupied by Garibaldi's “red shirts”. A Zouave company - 90 men - attacked towards evening. After a brief battle on the outposts, bitter hand-to-hand combat ensued, as the papal soldiers stormed to the fortress gate and even penetrated the village. Both leaders of the company fell. The outnumbered Zouaves fought like lions and were horribly decimated. Sergeant Joseph Alois Bach independently seized the initiative, took over command and urged his comrades restlessly to fight until he saw the impossibility of advancing further. Finally he gathered the troops in a house, close to the city wall, holed himself up there and offered bitter resistance all night, constantly threatened by the superior strength of the enemy. In the morning, in addition to many dead and wounded, he counted 16 fighting men, but was surprised to find that the enemy had withdrawn unexpectedly - apparently as a result of the fierce resistance. Only now did his battalion arrive for support. When Bach reported, the battalion chief Lieutenant Colonel Athanasius Baron de Charette was so moved by the courage of the leaderless crowd that he lowered his saber in front of them with a salute and had the entire battalion filmed past the 17 night defenders of Monte Libretti. He arranged for Joseph Alois Bach to be promoted to officer by telegram while still on the battlefield and to be awarded the Knight's Cross of the Order of St. New Year . In the publication “Die Streiter for the Apostolic See in 1867” (Verlag für Kunst und Wissenschaft, Frankfurt, 1867) the author, Father Andreas Niedermayer , quotes an eyewitness as saying: “Sergeant Major Joseph Bach looked as if bathed in blood although he himself had not the slightest scratch. The next day he was able to telegraph to his parents in the Bavarian Rhine Palatinate: 'Seppel well and healthy, become an officer on the battlefield.' “In their homeland, the Palatinate Catholics then organized a collection and donated a valuable saber of honor to the famous compatriot who served in the papal service.

The battle between Montelibretti and Bach's brave deed are dealt with in more detail in the following books:

  • Father A. Niedermayer : The fighters for the apostolic chair in 1867 (= Brochure Association. Vol. 3, No. 9, ZDB -ID 576481-6 ). Verlag für Kunst und Wissenschaft, Frankfurt am Main 1867, pages 21 u. 22
  • Philipp Laicus (di: Philipp Wasserburg ): Silvio. A novel from the days of Mentana. 2 volumes. Kirchheim Verlag, Mainz 1873,
  • Jakob Knauber : The papal officer Joseph Alois Bach (1838–1912) from Rülzheim (Palatinate). St. Joseph Verlag, Landau-Queichheim 1932 (with photos).

Population development

year 1871 1901 1921 1936 1951 1971 1991 2001
Residents 1,082 2.014 2,863 3,244 4,073 4,430 4,846 4,823

Source: ISTAT


Luigi Sergi ( center-right alliance ) was elected mayor in May 2006. His center-right alliance also has the majority in the municipal council with 11 out of 16 seats.


  1. Statistiche demografiche ISTAT. Monthly population statistics of the Istituto Nazionale di Statistica , as of December 31 of 2019.
  2. Filippo Coarelli : Lazio (= Guide archeologiche Laterza. Vol. 5). Laterza & Figli Spa, Rome et al. 1984, ISBN 88-420-2033-8 .

Web links

Commons : Montelibretti  - album with pictures, videos and audio files