Manfried Rauchsteiner

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Manfried Rauchsteiner

Manfried Hermann Rauchsteiner (born July 25, 1942 in Villach ) is an Austrian historian . From 1992 to 2005 he was director of the Army History Museum . In 1996 he became an associate professor for Austrian history at the University of Vienna .


Manfried Rauchsteiner was born in Carinthia in 1942 as the son of an employee or managing director and his wife . He attended the Realgymnasium Villach (Matura 1960) and the Catholic Stiftsgymnasium St. Paul . After his military service as a one-year volunteer ( reserve officer ) in 1960/61 with the tank troops of the Austrian Armed Forces in Graz, he studied history , art history and German at the University of Vienna from 1961 to 1966 . Rauchsteiner became a member of the K.St.V. Greifenstein Vienna. From 1965 to 1968 he completed a degree in historical auxiliary sciences (state examination 1968) at the Institute for Austrian Historical Research (IÖG) in Vienna as an associate member . In 1966 he was at Erich tax collector at the University of Vienna Johann von Hiller to Dr. phil. PhD.

In 1966 Rauchsteiner became a scientific official in the military science department of the Army History Museum (HGM) in Vienna. In the context of the Waldheim affair , in 1987, Rauchsteiner, together with Felix Ermacora and Kurt Peball , was a member of a commission set up by the Austrian government to sift through archival material in Belgrade on Waldheim's activities in the Balkans since 1942; The result, which was drawn up in the shortest possible time and relieved Waldheim, was assessed as a rehabilitation attempt. In 1989 he became a ministerial advisor and head of the military history service in the Federal Ministry for National Defense . From 1992 until his retirement in 2005, he succeeded Franz Kaindl as director of the HGM ( Councilor ) and in this role designed the permanent exhibition “Republic and Dictatorship” in 1998, which historians have criticized for lacking distance and contextualization of the exhibition content. From 2005 to 2011 he acted as a coordinator and advisor in setting up the Military History Museum of the Bundeswehr in Dresden.

In 1975 he completed his habilitation - largely influenced by Johann Christoph Allmayer-Beck - with the work of Kaiser Franz and Archduke Carl. Dynasty and Armed Forces in Austria, 1796–1809 for Austrian history at the University of Vienna and has been a university lecturer for Austrian history since the 18th century. In 1996 he received the title of associate professor (tit. Associate professor). Teaching positions at the University of Innsbruck , the Diplomatic Academy Vienna (as a lecturer), the Theresian Military Academy in Wiener Neustadt and at the National Defense Academy in Vienna followed.

Rauchsteiner was u. a. Member of the Autrichienne d'Histoire Militaire Commission. From 1999 to 2006 he held the office of President of the Austrian Commission for Military History. Since 2005 he has been a member of the scientific advisory board of the Future Fund of the Republic of Austria . Since 1998 he has been a member of the extended scientific advisory board of the Military History Research Office (MGFA) and the Center for Military History and Social Sciences of the Bundeswehr (ZMSBw) in Potsdam. He is also a member of the scientific advisory board of the Museum of the Thirty Years War in Wittstock / Dosse, the Dr. Wilfried Haslauer Library in Salzburg and the House of Austrian History. From 2006 he was president and since 2011 he has been honorary president of the Association of Friends of the Museum of Military History.

From 1966 to 1980 he was editor of the military historical series , 1983 editor of the military history dissertations of Austrian universities and from 1991 to 1997 editor of research on military history .

Rauchsteiner is married to the historian Marianne Rauchsteiner and has three children.

Awards and honors

Fonts (selection)

  • (Ed.): Heinrich Freiherr von Hess : Writings from the military-scientific estate. With an introduction to his life and the operative thinking of his time (= Bibliotheca rerum militarium . Vol. 41). Biblio-Verlag, Osnabrück 1975, ISBN 3-7648-0865-9 .
  • The war in Austria 1945 (= writings of the Heeresgeschichtliches Museum (Vienna) . Vol. 5) Österreichischer Bundesverlag , 3rd edition Vienna 1985, ISBN 3-215-01672-9 . New edition Amalthea-Verlag Vienna 2015, ISBN 978-3-99050-000-2 .
  • Emperor Franz and Archduke Carl. Dynasty and Army in Austria, 1796–1809 . Licensed edition., Oldenbourg, Munich 1972, ISBN 3-486-47481-2 .
  • Feldzeugmeister Johann Freiherr von Hiller (= dissertations from the University of Vienna . 80). Notring Verlag, Vienna 1972.
  • The special case. The occupation time in Austria 1945 to 1955. Styria-Verlag , Graz / Vienna 1979, ISBN 3-222-11219-3 .
  • Late autumn 1956. Neutrality put to the test. A publication by the Army History Museum . Österreichischer Bundesverlag, Vienna 1981, ISBN 3-215-04691-1 .
  • The two. The Grand Coalition in Austria 1945–1966. Österreichischer Bundesverlag, Vienna 1987, ISBN 3-215-06433-2 .
  • with Erwin A. Schmidl (ed.): forms of war. From the Middle Ages to "low intensity conflict" (= research on military history . Volume 1). Publishing house Styria, Graz u. a. 1991, ISBN 3-222-12139-7 .
  • The death of the double-headed eagle. Austria-Hungary and the First World War. Styria Verlag, Vienna / Graz 1994, ISBN 3-222-12116-8 .
  • The Army History Museum in Vienna. Styria Verlag, Vienna-Graz 2000, ISBN 3-222-12834-0 .
  • Stalinplatz 4. Austria under Allied occupation. Edition Steinbauer , Vienna 2005, ISBN 3-902494-00-X .
  • The First World War and the end of the Habsburg Monarchy 1914–1918. Böhlau Verlag , Vienna / Cologne / Weimar 2013, ISBN 978-3-205-78283-4 (revised and expanded version of Der Tod des Doppeladlers - English: The First World War and the Ende of the Habsburg Monarchy, 1914–1918. Böhlau Verlag, Vienna / Cologne / Weimar 2014, ISBN 978-3-205-79588-9 review ).
  • with Josef Broukal : The First World War and the end of the Habsburg Monarchy 1914–1918. In a nutshell , Böhlau Verlag, Vienna / Cologne / Weimar 2015, ISBN 978-3-205-79697-8 .
  • Under observation: Austria since 1918 , Böhlau Verlag, Vienna / Cologne / Weimar 2017, ISBN 978-3-205-20500-5 .


  • Rauchsteiner, Manfried . In: Peter Broucek , Kurt Peball : History of Austrian Military Historiography . Böhlau, Cologne a. a. 2000, ISBN 3-412-05700-2 , pp. 555 ff.
  • Rauchsteiner, Manfried . In: Fritz Fellner , Doris A. Corradini: Austrian History in the 20th Century. A biographical-bibliographical lexicon (= publications of the Commission for Modern History of Austria. Vol. 99). Böhlau, Vienna et al. 2006, ISBN 978-3-205-77476-1 , p. 336.
  • Robert Kriechbaumer , Wolfgang Mueller , Erwin A. Schmidl (eds.): Politics and the military in the 19th and 20th centuries. Austrian and European aspects. Festschrift for Manfried Rauchsteiner (= series of publications by the Research Institute for Political-Historical Studies of the Dr. Wilfried Haslauer Library . 58). Böhlau, Vienna 2017, ISBN 978-3-205-20417-6 .

Individual evidence

  1. Michael Gehler : "... a grotesquely exaggerated demonization of a man ..."? The Waldheim Affair 1986–1992 , 1996 ( PDF p. 19 f. )
  2. Parliamentary answer to questions: 4082 / AB of 22.10.2019 to 4144 / J (XXVI.GP) .
  3. Ina Markova: The Nazi era in the visual memory of the Second Republic. Volume 6: National Socialism and its Consequences . StudienVerlag, Innsbruck-Wien-Bozen 2018, pp. 164–168.
  4. See the review by Carlo Moos in: H-Soz-Kult , February 26, 2018, accessed on November 8, 2019.

Web links

Commons : Manfried Rauchsteiner  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files