Johann Christoph Allmayer-Beck

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Johann Christoph Allmayer-Beck

Johann Christoph (Freiherr von) Allmayer-Beck (born August 19, 1918 in Baden near Vienna ; † April 28, 2017 in Vienna ) was an Austrian officer, military historian and writer. He was considered the " doyen of Austrian military historians". From 1965 to 1983 he was director of the Army History Museum in Vienna and president of the Austrian Commission for Military History.



Allmayer-Beck was the son of the Ministerialrat in the Austrian Ministry of Commerce, Max Vladimir Allmayer-Beck (1876–1947), adopted nephew of Max Wladimir von Beck , kk Prime Minister and President of the Court of Auditors. He was born as a Freiherr (until 1919) and passed his Matura in 1936 at the Catholic high school in Kalksburg in the 23rd district of Liesing in Vienna .

Military background

On September 1, 1936, he joined the Lower Austrian Light Artillery Regiment No. 1 of the Federal Army in Vienna as a one-year volunteer . From September 1, 1937, he attended the Theresian Military Academy in Wiener Neustadt .

After the "Anschluss" of Austria, he was retired on September 1, 1938 as a senior ensign in the Artillery Regiment No. 21 of the Wehrmacht in Mohrungen ( East Prussia ). In the course of the Second World War he took on the duties of a regimental adjutant and battery chief in his unit and was involved in the attack on Poland , the western campaign and the German-Soviet war . In the summer of 1944 he served under Lieutenant Colonel Ulrich de Maizière on the staff of the 10th Panzer Grenadier Division in Bessarabia . Allmayer-Beck attended the War Academy and was a tactics teacher at the artillery school in Großborn (Pomerania). He took part in a “weapons school trip” to give an overview of the individual branches of arms, which he took up in January 1945 - during this trip, Captain dG Allmayer-Beck was captured by US soldiers near Berchtesgaden in May 1945 .

Archivist and museum director

After returning from captivity Allmayer-Beck studied from 1945 to 1949 at the Universities of Innsbruck and Vienna history, geography and art history doctorate to Dr. phil. took place in 1949 with Hugo Hantsch on the subject of " Archduke Franz Ferdinand and Baron Max Vladimir Beck ". In addition, from 1948 to 1950 - as one of the few modern historians - he completed the 45th training course at the Institute for Austrian Historical Research (state examination).

In 1950 Allmayer-Beck became archivist in the Vienna War Archives , of which he was deputy director until 1956, and in 1961 head of the military science department of the Federal Ministry for National Defense . There he was involved in setting up the series For the Commander . From 1965 to 1983 he was the Real Councilor and Director of the Army History Museum in Vienna , with a duration of 18 years he was the longest serving director of the Army History Museum since its reopening in 1955.

He was also a visiting teacher at the National Defense Academy and President of the Alt Neustadt Military Association. In the 1970s he revitalized the Austrian Commission for Military History , which he chaired until 1998. Then he was their honorary president. He was also u. a. Member of the Austrian PEN Club , the Vienna St. Johanns Club (successor to the Association of Catholic Nobles under the patronage of the Order of Malta ) and the Rotarians .

Military historical publications

Allmayer-Beck was considered a rather conservative publicist. His work as an author played a major role in the development of scientifically founded military history in Austria; he "worked [...] to educate researchers and officers" ( Kurt Peball ).

From 1964 to 1982 he was the editor of the Military History Series (Austrian Federal Publishing House for Education, Science and Art). He was also co-editor ( Werner Hahlweg , Charles B. Burdick , Hans Bleckwenn , Dermot Bradley , Othmar Hackl and Walter Schaufelberger ) of the 1973 studies on military history, military science and conflict research ( Biblio Verlag ). Numerous biographical articles by Allmayer-Beck appeared in the Neue Deutsche Biographie .

Awards and honors

Fonts (selection)

  • Vogelsang. From feudalism to popular movement (= contributions to the recent history of Christian Austria ). Herold Verlag, Vienna 1952.
  • Prime Minister Baron Beck. A statesman of old Austria . Publishing house for history and politics, Vienna 1956. (Publishing house Oldenbourg, Munich 1956)
  • Otto Schulmeister (Ed. With the assistance of Johann Christoph Allmayer-Beck and Adam Wandruszka ): Spectrum Austriae. Herder-Verlag, Vienna 1957 (revised new edition, Molden, Vienna et al. 1980, ISBN 3-217-01087-6 )
  • Conservatism in Austria (= Conservative series of publications . Vol. 4). Isar-Verlag, Munich 1959.
  • Otto Schulmeister (Ed. In association with Johann Christoph Allmayer-Beck and Erich Lessing ): Imago Austriae. Herder, Vienna 1963.
  • with Franz Becker (arrangement): 21st Infantry Division. Russian campaign in 1941 . Edited by the Traditionsverband / Kameradenhilfswerk e. V. 21st Infantry Division Hamburg, Hamburg 1965.
  • Kk Austrian military corpse conduct around 1855 . Krey, Vienna 1974.
  • The K. (below) K. Army. 1848-1914 . Bertelsmann publishing house, Munich u. a. 1974, ISBN 3-570-07287-8 . (with Erich Lessing: special edition, Prisma-Verlag, Gütersloh et al. 1980)
  • Appearance and reality. The Burgtheater and the KuK Army. Catalog . Exhibition on the occasion of the Burgtheater anniversary. Heeresgeschichtliches Museum, Vienna 1976.
  • The Imperial War Peoples. From Maximilian I to Prinz Eugen, 1479–1718 . Bertelsmann, Munich 1978, ISBN 3-570-00290-X .
  • Rupert Feuchtmüller , Christian Brandstätter (Hrsg.): Landmarks of modernity. Austria's contribution to the cultural and intellectual history of the 20th century (= Molden Edition ). Molden publishing house, Vienna u. a. 1980, ISBN 3-217-01057-4 .
  • The army under the double-headed eagle. Habsburg armies, 1718–1848 . Munich 1981, ISBN 3-570-04414-9 .
  • (Ed.): The Army History Museum Vienna. Guide to the museum . Edited by the management, 4 volumes, Kiesel, Salzburg 1981 ff.
  • Volume 1: The museum, the representation rooms . 1981, ISBN 3-7023-0113-5 .
  • Volume 2: Room I. From the beginnings of the standing army to the end of the 17th century . 1982, ISBN 3-7023-4007-6 .
  • Volume 3: Room II. The 18th Century to 1790 . 1983, ISBN 3-7023-4012-2 .
  • Volume 4: Hall VI. The k. (U.) K. Army from 1867-1914 . 1989.
  • The mute rider. Archduke Albrecht - the general of "all of Austria". Publishing house Styria, Graz u. a. 1997, ISBN 3-222-12469-8 .
  • The history of the 21st (East-West Pr.) Infantry Division . Edited by the traditional association of the 21st Infantry Division, Kameradenhilfswerk eV Sketches and appendix: Heinz Lindner. Schild-Verlag, Munich 2001, ISBN 3-88014-097-9 .
  • Peter Broucek , Erwin A. Schmidl (eds.): Military, history and political education. On the occasion of the author's 85th birthday . Böhlau, Vienna a. a. 2003, ISBN 3-205-77117-6 .
  • Military Academy - War School - Fahnenjunkerschule. Wiener Neustadt 1938–1945. Federal Army, Vienna 2006. (Böhlau, Vienna et al. 2010, ISBN 978-3-205-78459-3 )
  • From the innkeeper to the ministerial maker. Anton Beck and his brothers . Böhlau Verlag, Vienna a. a. 2008, ISBN 978-3-205-78181-3 .
  • Erwin A. Schmidl (Ed.): “Herr Oberleitnant, it's not worth it!”. War memories from 1938 to 1945 . Böhlau Verlag, Vienna a. a. 2013, ISBN 3-205-78891-5 .


Web links

Commons : Johann Christoph Allmayer-Beck  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Erwin A. Schmidl : Foreword . In the S. (Ed.): Friend or enemy ?. Combatants, non-combatants and civilians in war and civil war since the 18th century (= legal and social science series . Vol. 11). Lang, Frankfurt am Main a. a. 1995, ISBN 3-631-47005-3 , p. 8; Peter Broucek , Erwin A. Schmidl : Foreword by the editors . In the S. (Ed.): Joh. Christoph Allmayer-Beck: Military, history and political education. On the occasion of the author's 85th birthday . Böhlau, Vienna a. a. 2003, ISBN 3-205-77117-6 , p. 7.
  2. ^ Kurt Peball : Allmayer-Beck, Johann Christoph . In: Peter Broucek , Kurt Peball: History of Austrian Military Historiography . Böhlau, Vienna / Cologne 2000, ISBN 3-412-05700-2 , p. 271.
  3. List of all decorations awarded by the Federal President for services to the Republic of Austria from 1952 (PDF; 6.9 MB)