Decoration of Honor for Services to the Republic of Austria (1952)
|Decoration of honor for services to the Republic of Austria|
|Awarded by the Republic of Austria|
|Art||Badge of honor|
|requirement||Head of State / none|
|Awarded for||special services to the Republic of Austria|
|Foundation year||1952 ( 1922 1st Rep. )|
|Comparable award in the ranking||Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany|
Medal of Honor for Science and Art. Military Merit Medal. Federal Medal of
The Decoration of Honor for Services to the Republic of Austria is a state award of the Republic of Austria , which comprises a total of 15 degrees.
The Decoration of Honor for Services to the Republic of Austria is the most important state honor currently awarded in Austria . It was founded by the National Council with the federal law of April 2, 1952 . The various levels are assigned by or on behalf of the Federal President . The honorary badge in its various levels can be awarded for special merits in all areas, especially in the political, economic, cultural, spiritual or even voluntary area. Persons who are awarded the badge of honor are authorized to identify themselves as the owner (not the owner ).
A medal of honor of the same name for services to the Republic of Austria had already been donated on November 4, 1922. This award was replaced in the federal state of Austria by the Austrian Order of Merit (1934) , which was awarded until Austria was annexed in 1938.
The badge of honor for services to the Republic of Austria today comprises 15 levels, with the individual insignia having different shapes (crosses, stars, medals) depending on the class. This division was established in 1953 by Federal Law Gazette No. 54/1953:
- Big star of the Decoration of Honor for Services to the Republic of Austria : Hip decoration with breast star. In the international scheme of the grading of orders, which is based on the example of the French Legion of Honor , it corresponds to a special level of the Grand Cross
- Large gold medal on ribbon for services to the Republic of Austria : hip decoration with breast star, corresponds to a grand cross 1st class
- Large silver decoration on the ribbon for services to the Republic of Austria : hip decoration with breast star, corresponds to a grand cross, 2nd class
- Large gold medal of honor with the star for services to the Republic of Austria : Neck decoration with breast star, corresponds to a Grand Commander's Cross, 1st class
- Large silver medal with the star for services to the Republic of Austria : Neck decoration with breast star, corresponds to a Grand Commander's Cross 2nd class
- Large gold medal for services to the Republic of Austria : neck decoration, corresponds to a commander's cross, 1st class
- Large silver medal for services to the Republic of Austria : neck decoration, corresponds to a commander's cross, 2nd class
- Great decoration of honor for services to the Republic of Austria : plug-in cross, corresponds to an officer's cross in the international scheme
- Decoration of honor in gold for services to the Republic of Austria : chest decoration, corresponds to a knight's cross, 1st class
- Silver medal for services to the Republic of Austria : breast decoration, corresponds to a knight's cross, 2nd class
- Gold Medal of Merit of the Republic of Austria : breast decoration, corresponds to a merit mark of 1st class
- Silver medal of merit of the Republic of Austria : breast decoration, corresponds to a merit symbol of the 2nd class
- Gold medal for services to the Republic of Austria : breast decoration, corresponds to a first class medal of merit
- Silver medal for services to the Republic of Austria : breast decoration, corresponds to a merit medal 2nd class
- Bronze medal for services to the Republic of Austria : breast decoration, corresponds to a merit medal 3rd class (no longer awarded)
- Images of all decorations and detailed descriptions (including how they are worn) can be found on the website of the Styrian state government.
Award practice among officials and politicians
The big star is reserved exclusively for heads of state. Foreign heads of state are sometimes awarded it during state visits . According to Section 1, Paragraph 4 of the Federal Act on the Creation of Badges of Honor for Services to the Republic of Austria, the Austrian Federal President is "on the day of his election for lifetime owner of the graduation of the badge of honor which, according to the provisions of the statute, has been acquired for the highest degree in the Republic Merits [= Annex Section II, Paragraph 2] is awarded ".
The Chancellor , the ministers and the President of the National Council usually receive the Great Gold Medal on Ribbon , while the Great Silver Medal of Honor on Ribbon is often awarded to state secretaries or state governors . For this reason there is an above-average number of active and former politicians among the owners of the highest levels of the honorary badge . The decoration on the ribbon is also common for foreign ambassadors, usually on the occasion of the end of their mission in Austria.
Senior officials of a ministry (e.g. section head ) or a state government (e.g. state office director ) are usually awarded the great gold or silver medal with the star and the great gold or silver medal. It is customary to award members of the National Council after ten years of office with the Great Gold Medal of Honor . Such decorations are also awarded to non-civil servants. B. the architect Hans Hollein for his 75th birthday the Great Golden Decoration .
The Great Decoration of Honor , which ranks in the lower middle field , is often awarded to court councilors and ministerial councilors , usually on their 60th birthday, the Golden Decoration of Honor is - mostly for a similar occasion - awarded to higher-ranking officials of the higher service , unless they have been awarded the professional title of "Government Councilor " or at least five years (so-called " intercalary period ") have "meritoriously" passed since the award of one . Artists also often receive these levels of distinction.
The gold medal of merit , which is at the lower end of the scale, is often awarded to mayors of medium-sized or small towns and municipalities as well as to civil servants in specialist service when they retire , while the silver medal of merit is awarded to vice mayors. The gold medal is also awarded to sports or club officials and police inspectors when they retire. In contrast, the bronze medal provided for in the statute is no longer issued at all today.
Members of the National Council or State Parliament usually receive the respective badge of honor after ten years of service.
The gold medal can be awarded just like the silver medal on the red ribbon and then functions as a life-saving medal 1st or 2nd class. However, the silver medal on the red ribbon has not been awarded for decades.
This list is intended to exemplify the practice of awarding the Decoration of Honor for Services to the Republic of Austria . Much more extensive (although by no means complete) is the list of the bearers of the Decoration of Honor for Services to the Republic of Austria (1952) .
- 1 - big star
- Queen Elizabeth II , head of state
- Haile Selassie , Head of State
- Josip Broz Tito , head of state
- Shimon Peres , head of state
- 2 - Large gold medal on ribbon
- Kofi Annan , UN Secretary General
- Christoph Cardinal Schönborn , Archbishop of Vienna
- Alois Mock , politician
- Angela Merkel , German Chancellor
- 3 - Large silver medal on ribbon
- Gabi Burgstaller , Governor of Salzburg
- Michael Häupl , Mayor of Vienna
- Leopold Maderthaner , politician and entrepreneur
- Karl Otto Pöhl , President of the Deutsche Bundesbank
- 4 - Great Gold Medal with the Star
- Erwin Kräutler , bishop
- Robert Nünlist , Commander of the Pontifical Swiss Guard
- Franz Olah , politician
- George Tabori , artist
- 5 - Large Silver Decoration with the Star
- Jörg Ziercke , President of the German Federal Criminal Police Office
- Walter Homolka , rabbi
- Nicolas Hayek , Swiss entrepreneur
- Kurt Gaßner , member of the National Council
- 6 - Great Gold Medal
- Karlheinz Böhm , actor
- Alfred Ebenbauer , Rector
- Hans Hollein , architect
- Simon Wiesenthal , publicist
- 7 - Great Silver Decoration
- 8 - Great Badge of Honor
- 9 - Gold Medal of Honor
- Hansi Hinterseer , pop singer
- Gerlinde Kaltenbrunner , mountaineer
- Paul Hörbiger , actor
- Thaddaeus Ropac , gallery owner
- 10 - Silver Badge of Honor
- Manfred Ackermann , politician
- Hans Krankl , soccer player
- Andreas P. Pittler , writer
- Johann Hindler , university professor and clarinetist with the Vienna Philharmonic
- 11 - Gold Mark of Merit
- Thomas Brezina , author of children's books
- Leopold Engleitner , contemporary witness
- Franziska Jägerstätter , widow of conscientious objector Franz Jägerstätter
- Christoph Kotanko , journalist
- 12 - Silver Mark of Merit
- Sebastian Auer , technician and inventor
- Hans Schwanda , alpinist and author
- Sepp Tezak , detective as well as railway historian , photographer and painter
- Adolf Tuma , lithographer
- 13 - Gold medal
- Georg Hamann , violinist and violist
- Christian Illedits , politician
- Robert Lucas , writer
- Werner Senn ( on the red ribbon for lifesaving), lawyer and head of the Austrian flight police
- 14 - Silver medal
- Otto Pendl , politician (awarded as an officer of the justice guard)
- Ernest Windholz , politician (awarded as a customs officer)
- Ernst Winter , Federal Councilor (awarded as an official in the presidential office)
The individual levels of the honorary badge for services to the Republic of Austria were produced for many years by the Anton Reitterer company at Schubertgasse 26 in Vienna's 9th district , now they are produced by the Friedrich Orth company at 8 Bürgerspitalgasse in Vienna's 6th district .
- List of the bearers of the Decoration for Services to the Republic of Austria
- Orders and decorations of the Republic of Austria
- Walter A. Schwarz : I have the honor ... 50 years of honor for services to the Republic of Austria 1952–2002 . Exhibition catalog Vienna 2002.
- Peter Diem : The symbols of Austria . Kremayr & Scheriau, Vienna 1995, pp. 224-226.
- The entire legal regulation for decorations for services to the Republic of Austria. With statute, description of the decorations of the honorary badge, description of the ribbon of the badge of honor to be awarded in the event of lifesaving and the way of wearing the decorations of the badge of honor. (accessed June 15, 2009)
- Photos of all Austrian decorations and merit and military awards
- Information on Austrian awards (short version)
- Information on the Austrian awards on the website of the Federal President
- List of (all) decorations awarded by the Federal President for services to the Republic of Austria from 1952 to 2012 (PDF; 6.9 MB)
- List of all state awards awarded in the field of sport since around 1954 (PDF, 300 kB; accessed on June 15, 2009)
- Entry on Badges of Honor for Services to the Republic of Austria (1952) in the Austria Forum (in the AEIOU Austria Lexicon )
- Statistics: Awards of decorations in 2014
- Note .: The to Gold Medal additional "Band: Red, 45 millimeters wide, provided with a both sides each one millimeter wide white advance" is awarded in accordance with Appendix 2: Description of the band of the in life rescues to be imparted Honor in the version dated August 2, 1957, Ordinance Decoration of .