1922

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Heads of State Elections Obituary Music Year Movie Year Broadcast Year Sports Year

1922
Chancellor Joseph Wirth receives a Soviet delegation
The German Reich and the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic conclude the Treaty of Rapallo .
State act for the murdered Walter Rathenau
Reich Foreign Minister Walther Rathenau is murdered by the Consul organization .
Heads of the Churches and Administration of Jerusalem
The British League of Nations Mandate for Palestine begins.
Benito Mussolini on the March on Rome
Fascist rule in Italy begins with the March on Rome of Benito Mussolini 's blackshirts .
Tomb of Tutankhamun
Howard Carter discovers Tutankhamun 's tomb .
1922 in other calendars
Ab urbe condita 2675
Armenian calendar 1370-1371
Ethiopian calendar 1914-1915
Badi calendar 78-79
Bengali calendar 1328-1329
Berber calendar 2872
Buddhist calendar 2466
Burmese calendar 1284
Byzantine calendar 7430-7431
Chinese calendar
 - era 4618-4619 or
4558-4559
 – 60-year cycle

Metal Rooster (辛酉, 58)–
Water Dog (壬戌, 59)

French
Revolutionary Calendar
CXXX - CXXXI
130-131
Hindu calendar
 – Vikram Sambat 1978-1979
 – Shaka Samvat 1844-1845
Iranian calendar 1300-1301
Islamic calendar 1340-1341
Japanese calendar
 – Nengō (era): Taishō 11
 - Koki 2582
Jewish calendar 5682-5683
Coptic calendar 1638-1639
Korean calendar
 – Dangun era 4255
 – Juche era 11
Minguo calendar 11
Modern Olympics vii
Seleucid calendar 2233-2234
Thai solar calendar 2465

events

politics and world affairs

post-war contracts

Deutsches Reich

Poland

Soviet Union

Great Britain and Ireland

Other events in Europe

Antonio Maria da Silva

Greco-Turkish War

  • Aug 26 - Aug 30 August: Battle of Dumlupınar , in which the Greeks suffer a decisive defeat and are subsequently forced to withdraw from Anatolia.
  • 9 September: " Asia Minor Catastrophe ": The Turks conquer the city of Smyrna (Turkish: Izmir ) in Asia Minor. Izmir burns for several days and the city's Christian residents are massacred, killing tens of thousands and destroying large parts of the city. The surviving Greek and Armenian residents are evacuated by ships, as is the defeated Greek expeditionary army. This was followed by further expulsions of Greeks from Asia Minor.
  • September 11: Military coup in Greece against King Constantine I , who has to go into exile.
  • September: Hanak crisis between Turkey and Great Britain, which brings both states to the brink of war. The collapse of the Lloyd George government in the face of the Turks leads to the fall of the prime minister on October 19.
  • 11 October: Turkey's Mudanya armistice with Greece's western allies, to which Greece agrees three days later.
  • November 1: The Grand National Assembly under Mustafa Kemal Atatürk declares the sultanate in the Ottoman Empire abolished. Mehmed VI Vahdettin flees into exile. He was succeeded - albeit only as caliph - by Abdülmecit II (until March 3, 1924). (see religion )
  • 21 November: Beginning of the peace negotiations in Lausanne , Switzerland, which are concluded in July of the following year with the Treaty of Lausanne .
  • November 28: Five members of the Greek government, deposed in September, and General Georgios Hatzianestis are executed after being sentenced before a military tribunal in Goudi near Athens.

Egypt

Palestine

Other events in Asia

America

Other international events

business

science and technology

Aviation

The two pilots before their flight
Replica of Arthur Martens' HAWA "Vampyr"

archeology

natural sciences and medicine

Culture

Visual arts

Movie

Poster for the premiere of Nathan the Wise
  • After right-wing extremists had already tried to destroy the film negative in November, the feature film Nathan the Wise by Manfred Noa , starring Werner Krauss in the title role , will premiere on December 29 at the Alhambra in Berlin . The film received positive reviews but soon fell victim to anti-Jewish propaganda. It is the only film adaptation of the play of the same name by Gotthold Ephraim Lessing .

literature

music and theatre

society

religion

  • January 22: Pope Benedict XV. dies. The Archbishop of Milan, Cardinal Achille Ambrogio Damiano Ratti, is elected Pope on February 6 after a four-day conclave and takes the name of Pius XI. on. The coronation will take place on February 12.
  • 10 May : In Italy, negotiations between the Vatican and the Soviet government are successfully concluded. In a treaty, the Russians commit to freedom of religion.
  • November 19: The Grand National Assembly elects Abdülmecit II as the successor to the office of Caliph for Mehmed VI , who had fled abroad . Vahdettin . Abdülmecit II is the 101st and last caliph (until March 3, 1924).
  • December 23: With his inaugural encyclical Ubi arcano Dei , the new Pope Pius XI proclaims. His program: pax christi in regno christi , the peace of Christ in Christ's kingdom. He makes explicit the pastoral and political concerns of his two predecessors, Benedict XV. and Pius X. , condemns “social modernism ” and develops positive guidelines for a peaceful social order on the foundation of the Catholic religion.

disasters

  • Famine ends in Soviet Russia, which claimed about 5 million lives.

Minor accidents are listed in the sub-articles of Disaster .

Sports

  • July 9: Johnny Weissmuller sets a new world record in the 100 meter freestyle swim in Alameda, California in exactly 58.6 seconds.
  • August 1: A car race takes place in Brooksland (USA), which becomes the subject of the first sports radio report.

Nobel prizes

Born

January

  • 0January 1: Doğan Andaç , Turkish lieutenant colonel, football coach and official († 2013)
  • 0January 1 Hashikawa Bunzō , Japanese historian and political scientist († 1983)
  • 0January 1: Bobby Capó , Puerto Rican singer and composer (d. 1989)
  • 0January 1: Andrzej Hiolski , Polish singer (died 2000)
  • 0January 1: Fritz Hollings , US politician (died 2019)
Fritz Hollings
Betty White, 1989
Telly Savalas (1980)

February

March

Egon Bahr, 1978

April

Doris Day
Jack Klugman

May

Beatrice Arthur, 1987
Christopher Lee, 2013

June

Judy Garland 1945

July

August

  • 0August 1: Arthur Hill , Canadian theater, film and television actor (died 2006)
  • 0August 1: Hans Löfflad , German politician (died 1997)
  • 0August 2: Gábor Agárdi , Hungarian actor (died 2006)
  • 0August 2: Jan Buck , Sorbian painter († 2019)
  • 0August 2: Paul Fitzgerald , Australian portrait painter (died 2017)
  • 0August 2: Paul Laxalt , American politician (died 2018)
Paul Laxalt

September

Yvonne de Carlo
Roger Cardinal Etchegaray (2012)

October

Chen Ningyang
Catherine Focke, 1976
  • 0October 8 Nils Liedholm , Swedish football and bandy player and football coach († 2007)
Nils Liedholm
Horst Stern, 1997

November

Boutros Boutros Ghali, 1995
  • November 14 Veronica Lake , American actress (d. 1973)
  • November 15: Werner Eichhorn , German actor (died 2005)
  • November 15 Giorgio Manganelli , Italian writer, journalist and literary scholar (died 1990)
  • November 15: Francesco Rosi , Italian film director and screenwriter († 2015)
  • November 16: Gene Amdahl , American computer architect and entrepreneur († 2015)
  • November 16: Patricia Barry , American film actress († 2016)
  • November 16 Salvatore Giuliano , Sicilian bandit and separatist (died 1950)
  • November 16: Sidney Mintz , American anthropologist (died 2015)
  • November 16: José Saramago , Portuguese writer, Nobel Prize winner in Literature († 2010)
Jose Saramago
Charles M. Schulz, 1956

December

  • 0December 1 – Vsevolod Mikhailovich Bobrov , Soviet football and ice hockey player (died 1979)
  • 0December 1: Gerd Mehl , German sports reporter († 2001)
  • 0December 2 Jean-Charles , French journalist and writer (died 2003)
  • 0December 3: Henry Grunwald , editor-in-chief of "Time" and US Ambassador to Austria († 2005)
  • 0December 3 – Walter Kremershof , German ice hockey player (died 1997)
  • 0December 3: Len Lesser , American actor (died 2011)
  • 0December 3: Muriel Millard , Canadian actress, singer, dancer and painter († 2014)
  • 0December 3: Sven Nykvist , Swedish cinematographer and film director († 2006)
  • 0December 4: Luis Benjamín , Puerto Rican pianist (died 1988)
  • 0December 5: Kurt Weinmann , German chemist (died 2007)
  • 0December 6: Jack Ashley , British politician (died 2012)
  • 0December 6: Ernst Pfiffner , Swiss composer, organist and conductor († 2011)
  • 0December 6: Guy Thys , Belgian football coach (d. 2003)
  • 0December 7: Willy Andergassen , Italian artist († 2001)
  • 0December 8: Lucian Freud , British painter (died 2011)
  • 0December 8: Gerhard Löwenthal , German journalist and TV presenter (died 2002)
  • 0December 8: Sol Yaged , American jazz clarinetist († 2019)
  • 0December 9: Semavi Eyice , Turkish art historian and Byzantinist (died 2018)
  • December 11: Grigoris Bithikotsis , Greek singer († 2005)
  • December 11: Dilip Kumar , Indian film actor († 2021)
Dilip Kumar
Ava Gardner, 1953
  • December 24: Jonas Mekas , Lithuanian film director and writer († 2019)
  • December 25 – Félix Loustau , Argentine soccer player (died 2003)
Félix Loustau in the River Plate jersey
  • December 26: Miguel Hesayne , Argentine bishop (died 2019)
  • December 26: Samuel H. Young , American politician (died 2017)
  • December 27: Karel Hiršl , Czechoslovak resistance fighter (died 1945)
  • December 28: Ivan Desny , Franco-German actor (died 2002)
  • December 28 Otto Eckl , Austrian table tennis player (died 1993)
  • December 28: Stan Lee , American comic book writer (died 2018)
  • December 29: William Gaddis , American writer (died 1998)
  • December 29: Rose Lee Maphis , American country music artist († 2021)
  • December 31: Tom Fears , American football player and coach († 2000)

Exact date of birth unknown

Died

January February

Ernest Shackleton
Nellie Bly's grave in New York City

March April

Anastasia Mikhailovna Romanova
Burial place of Charles I in Monte on Madeira

May June

Ernest Solvay (circa 1900)

July August

Andrei A. Markov
  • July 20: Andrei Markov , Russian mathematician (b. 1856)
  • July 21: Cemal Pasha , Turkish general and politician (b. 1872)
  • July 30: Karl Dove , German geographer, meteorologist and explorer of Africa (b. 1863)
Alexander Graham Bell,
(photo c. 1914-1919)

September October

  • 0September 1: Samu Pecz , Hungarian architect (b. 1854)
Henry Lawson, circa 1902
Oscar Hertwig, 1906

November December

Max Abraham
Marcel Proust, around 1900
  • November 18: Marcel Proust , French novelist (b. 1871)
  • November 24: August Leue , German architect, officer and colonial official (b. 1854)

Exact date of death unknown

web links

Commons : 1922  - Collection of images, videos and audio files