A world premiere (UA or U for short) is the world's first public performance of a piece of music or stage work in front of an audience . In the case of films , especially at festival performances , one sometimes speaks of a premiere . In the radio, for example in radio plays , however, the term Ursendung is used .
The word and its usage
The term is made up of the word performance , which means the public performance of a stage work or piece of music, and the prefix Ur- , derived from Old High German ("at the beginning, originally"). Thus, premiere means that it is the very first performance in the entire world, which can then be followed by other performances in other locations, which are then premieres there.
If a play or a film has already been shown at another location, it is sometimes referred to as first performance (EA) - with a more precise specification, such as "German first performance" or "German-language first performance" (DEA or DE), "Munich first performance" etc. .
The sometimes used term "Welturaufführung" is inappropriate in German and represents a pointless pleonasm . Since the premiere is the first ever performance of the work anywhere in the world, the addition "Welt-" makes no sense - unlike in English, where the world premiere the world premiere is, in contrast to the mere premiere , which has the same meaning as in German.
To the history of the word
The concept of the world premiere did not appear until the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries and, according to the following newspaper reports, was coined in 1901 by the Deutsche Bühnen-Genossenschaft :
For example, B. the Prager Tagblatt on March 10, 1901:
“The premiere is the latest addition to the German stage language, which the Deutsche Bühnen-Genossenschaft proposes in its No. 9, published on March 1, for the clumsy expression 'first performance at all' (sic!) And the double foreign word 'original première' . Since the correctly formed word premiere expresses the desired designation in a way that cannot be misunderstood, it is to be hoped that both the 'first performance at all' and the 'original première' will gradually disappear from German theater reports and the 'premiere' will take place will do."
Similarly in the Grazer Tagblatt of May 15, 1901 under the title (Good Germanizations.) :
“We read in the Berlin“ DZ ”:“ Useful and tasteful German translations of foreign words ... the “Deutsche Bühnengenossenschaft” introduces the traffic. For the first time we find the excellent expression "premiere" for premiere, ... "
Or in the News-Welt-Blatt of May 16, 1901:
"The German stage cooperative introduces the German stage association" to the circulation of foreign words: for the premiere, "world premiere", ... "
"So z. For example, the buzzword 'world premiere', which is used at the tender age of two to three years at most, probably has every chance of being incorporated into the permanent existence of language. It's not a new name for a new thing. The thing it denotes is almost as old as theater itself. With him you are dealing with a real buzzword that is characterized by its scarcity and happy demarcation from the term 'first edition'. "
Entries in dictionaries
- premiere. In: Jacob Grimm , Wilhelm Grimm (Hrsg.): German dictionary . tape 24 : U – Uzvogel - (XI, 3rd section). S. Hirzel, Leipzig 1936, Sp. 2373 ( woerterbuchnetz.de ).
- Premiere. In: Digital dictionary of the German language .
- Duden : world premiere.
- * World premiere . In: Prager Tagblatt , March 10, 1901, p. 09 (online at ANNO ). ( 3rd column above )
- (Good German translations.). In: Grazer Tagblatt. Organ of the German People's Party for the Alpine countries. Morning edition , May 15, 1901, p. 8 (online at ANNO ). ( 1st column at the bottom )
- translations of foreign words. In: Neuigkeits-Welt-Blatt , May 16, 1901, p. 27 (online at ANNO ). ( 2nd column at the bottom )
- World premiere . On: Wortwuchs.net . Retrieved June 12, 2017.