Cooperative of German Stage Members

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The German Stage Members' Cooperative (GDBA) is the union organization of stage members. The GDBA organizes members of the artistic and artistic-technical areas of theaters in Germany .


The GDBA's headquarters are in Hamburg . It is regionally divided into seven state associations and covers the special occupational problems in the four professional groups: solo, dance, opera choir and ATuV (equipment, technology and administration). It is a collective bargaining partner of the employers' association Deutscher Bühnenverein and carries out the stage arbitration, the specialized courts of the stages. The GDBA magazine is called the stage cooperative . The GDBA is also the publisher of the annual German Stage Yearbook , which is now also accessible online.


From July 17 to 19, 1871, on the initiative of the actor Ludwig Barnay, the General German Stage Congress met in Weimar , where the cooperative was founded on December 1, 1871.

This was a reaction to the imminent adoption of house rules by the employers' association of the Deutscher Bühnenverein as well as the generally worse position of the stage performers compared to the workforce.

The founding program required:

  • Creation of a concession law to make the admission of theater directors dependent on their suitability,
  • Creation of a theater law to protect stage members from the arbitrariness of the theater director,
  • Establishment of a pension fund
  • Elaboration of a contract form ( uniform contract provisions ).

Numerous other demands were added later, for example regulation of specialist contracts, employment entitlement, notification agreements, seasonal contracts and protection of women. Over the years there were lengthy negotiations with the Deutscher Bühnenverein. When in 1909 the delegates did not approve the draft of a stage contract, all negotiations were broken off and only resumed after the First World War .

On March 14, 1919, a collective agreement was finally concluded that, with changes, is still valid today. After the " seizure of power " by the National Socialists in 1933, the Theater Act of May 15, 1934 created the Reich Theater Chamber instead , into which the stage association and the various stage unions were forcibly integrated. Accordingly, the GDBA was forcibly dissolved in September 1935.

After the Second World War it was re-established and in 1946 the regional associations met for the first time in Weimar.

In 1949 the GDBA became a member of the Art Union in the DGB as an independent association with statutory and financial sovereignty.

After the art union within the FDGB was founded in 1952 , the GDBA ceased to exist as an independent organization in the GDR .

1984 GDBA should a member of the union of art with the union pressure and paper for union media - pressure and paper, journalism and art will come together. Since the GDBA did not agree, it decided to leave the DGB on March 8, 1984 and joined the German salaried union in 1985 .

Only after the fall of the Wall in 1989 did they meet again for an all-German conference.

The GDBA grants its members free legal protection and advice on all professional issues. It promotes the development of old-age provision in the pension fund of the German theaters and represents the professional affairs of the stage members vis-à-vis the public, the federal states and municipalities as well as the federal government.

The GDBA maintains relationships with domestic and foreign professional organizations:

  • It belongs to the Deutscher Kulturrat e. V. - Section Council for Performing Arts and Dance ;
  • it supports in the Fonds Darstellende Künste e. V. Independent group projects;
  • it is a member of the Fédération Internationale des Acteurs (FIA) and has cooperation agreements with the Swiss Stage Artists Association SBKV , British Equity , the Dutch Kunstenbond FNV and the American Guild of Musical Artists .

Collective bargaining policy and cultural policy are the two focal points of organizational activity. The most important component of the GDBA's collective bargaining policy is the structuring of the working and salary conditions for stage members.


Honorary members

Web links

Commons : Cooperative of German Stage Members  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Cooperative of German Stage Members (Ed.): 125 Years of the Cooperative of German Stage Members , Verlag Bühnenschriften-Vertriebs-Gesellschaft mbH, Hamburg, 1997, p. 15
  2. a b Ernst Gettke (Ed.): Almanach of the Genossenschaft Deutscher Bühnen-Members , second year, 1874, p. 3
  3. Cooperative of German Stage Members (ed.): 125 Years of the Cooperative of German Stage Members , Verlag Bühnenschriften-Vertriebs-Gesellschaft mbH, Hamburg, 1997, p. 35
  4. a b c Genossenschaft Deutscher Bühnen-Members (Ed.), Deutsches Bühnen-Jahrbuch 1945/1948 , Verlag Bruno Henschel und Sohn, Berlin, 1929, page VIII
  5. a b c d Genossenschaft Deutscher Bühnen-Members (Ed.), Deutsches Bühnen-Jahrbuch 2016 , Verlag Bühnenschriften-Vertriebsgesellschaft mbH, page 681
  6. ^ New theater almanac: Theater history year and address book. 10 (1899), p. 486