Theater an der Wien

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Auditorium. Since the renovations around 1901 and 1960 with five instead of six tiers.
Word logo (since 2006)
Facade around 1815 on the Wien River
KW Zajicek: State of the front around 1900 before the renovation by Fellner & Helmer

The Theater an der Wien is a traditional theater on Linke Wienzeile , in Vienna's 6th district of Mariahilf , which is operated as part of the United Theater in Vienna . Since the beginning of 2006 it has been nicknamed Das neue Opernhaus . The theater currently has 1,129 seats and 50 standing places .

history

Papagenotor in Millöckergasse
The theater from the rear, which has hardly changed since 1801 (Lehárgasse)

While the wealthy (Viennese) society was able to fulfill its need for theater at the two court stages ( National Theater and Kärntnerthor Theater ) in the 18th century, the less well-to-do groups used performances from (often sensational ) touring stages until the late 18th century of the suburbs. Before 1800 there were a few suburban permanent theaters, but these mostly only existed for a short time. Only three suburban theaters survived : the kk priv. Theater in der Leopoldstadt (1781), the Theater in der Josephstadt (1788) and the Theater an der Wien (1801).

The near situated and opened in 1787 and a temporary performing Freihaustheater 1799 was financially ruined when Emanuel Schikaneder , librettist of The Magic Flute and head of the house since 1792, the theater passionate merchant Bartholomew Zitterbarth (1751-1806) March 1, 1799, the Freihaustheater to 63,266 Gulden ceded. Zitterbarth had already invested 130,000 guilders in the property and hoped that the purchase would give Schikaneder the privilege of building a new theater that had existed since 1786. However, this has failed. Zitterbarth and Schikaneder - both Freemasons - became partners, and in 1799 Zitterbarth acquired the property, while Schikaneder applied for a building permit for the planned theater, which was confirmed by Emperor Franz II on April 3, 1800 .

The Empire- style building, which opened after just thirteen months of construction on June 13, 1801, is only preserved on the outside on Lehárgasse and (heavily modified) on Millöckergasse, where the Papagenotor (by the Pest sculptor Jacob Schroth ) the builder as Papageno shows with his younger siblings in the heroic-comical opera Das Labyrinth (1798, continuation of the Magic Flute ). In 1803 and 1804 Ludwig van Beethoven lived for some time in a rear wing of the theater building while composing his opera Leonore .

On January 9, 1808, the privileged kk Schauspielhaus an der Wien was honored as the only Viennese theater to be one of the newly weds during the celebrations for the marriage of Emperor Franz II to Maria Ludovika Beatrix of Modena on the 6th of the previous month and to organize their family's performance to be visited. The opera Armide with music by Christoph Willibald Gluck was performed in the house, which was lavishly adapted for this purpose .

The owner and director of the Theater in der Josefstadt , Franz Pokorny (1797–1850), recognized as extremely charitable , also acquired the Vienna Theater in May 1845 (which had to be reopened at the end of August 1845 as a structural and stage technology adapted) and took over its management. In the revolutionary year of 1848, Pokorny corresponded to the prevailing thinking of the street with the (officially approved) renaming of the house to National-Theater an der Wien . The name change took place on April 13, 1848 with the 13th performance of Roderich Benedix 's Das Mossy Head or The Long Israel and subsequently resulted in the imperial court staying away from the theater and in 1849 completely distancing itself from the house by terminating the box . Pokorny had taken over financially in those years with the commitment of big names such as Jenny Lind and Giacomo Meyerbeer . In 1848 regular theater operations were no longer possible, and Pokorny fired all opera staff on September 1 of that year.
After the death of Franz Pokorny on August 5, 1850, his son Alois Pokorny (1825–1883) took over the management of the National Theater an der Wien. As early as 1852 the financial conditions of the theater were so shattered that due fees were rarely paid out. This situation did not change in the following years either. In April 1860 Pokorny rented the stage for a certain sum to Matteo Salvi (1816–1887), an Italian singing teacher who, although the “ entire audience ” expressed his disapproval because of his performance , was appointed director of the Court Opera a little later . In the 1861/62 ball season, Pokorny intended to improve the box office by holding balls, but poor organization associated with an accident at the first event kept the audience away. At the end of March 1862 the house was closed until further notice. In May 1862 the bankruptcy sought by Alois Pokorny was judicially accepted and his management of the house ended.

After performances of works from all types of theater, including antics by Nestroy and other representatives of the old Viennese folk theater , the "Golden Operetta Era " followed with works by Johann Strauss and Carl Millöcker , and later the "Silver" with Franz Lehár as the most famous representative. During this time the five months closed BEEN House of September 1, 1862 has been to 26 July 1869 by the until then at the Theater in Timisoara and just recently was Friedrich Strampfer passed, then to 1875 by Marie Geistinger and Maximilian Steiner , then up to Steiner's death in 1880 by him alone and then by his son Franz Steiner . In 1884 Alexandrine von Schönerer took over the management of the house, at times together with Camillo Walzel and Franz Jauner . From 1902 to 1911 the management was in the hands of Wilhelm Karczag and Karl Mathias Wallner; the theater programs were designed by Remigius Geyling .

After the Second World War , the house initially served as an alternative quarter for the ensemble of the bombed Vienna State Opera . Legendary performances of Mozart operas took place here under Karl Böhm and Josef Krips , some of which are also documented on sound carriers.

In 1960 the City of Vienna acquired the theater from the previous owners, the Marischka family, in order to use it as a festival theater for the Wiener Festwochen and guest performances.

Since 1962, the Theater an der Wien has also served as a venue for the Vienna Festival every year during the summer months and for some years also for the Klangbogen. In 2000 and 2007 the theater hosted the Nestroy Awards.

The Theater an der Wien, together with the Raimund Theater and the Ronacher, form the United Bühnen Wien .

World premieres of musicals

In the 1990s, the theater gained new fame through world premieres and German-language premieres of musicals . From 1983 Peter Weck was director of the house, who led the German-language musical to blossom here. First came u. a. Cats by Andrew Lloyd Webber on September 24, 1983 for the German-language premiere. While the musical Freudiana by Eric Woolfson, based on Sigmund Freud's psychoanalysis , showed only limited success, in the early 1990s the musical Elisabeth by Michael Kunze and Sylvester Levay became a long-running hit for years and soon became the most successful German-language musical of all time, with more than 8 million visitors.

Vienna's third opera house

With the Mozart year 2006 the tradition of the contemporary light muse was abandoned and the theater became a venue for operas, especially the Viennese classic. The music manager Roland Geyer , who had previously been the director of the KlangBogen and OsterKlang festivals , was appointed as its artistic director . As the third opera house in the city, the building, which was part of Wien Holding's organization and was run by the city, competed with the two traditional houses of the Vienna State Opera and Vienna Volksoper, which were run as federal theaters . Unlike the mentioned Institute, the Theater an der Wien will not run as a repertory theater with its own company, but according to the Stagionesystem blocks recorded. Conceptually, in addition to the focus on Mozart and Viennese Classicism, the house wants to position itself on the one hand with performances of baroque operas and on the other hand with a turn to the 20th and 21st centuries (world premieres, rediscoveries). The opera productions are performed by various orchestras, including a. by the Vienna Symphony Orchestra , the Vienna Radio Symphony Orchestra and the Concentus Musicus Vienna .

The inauguration concert on January 8, 2006 was conducted by Plácido Domingo . As part of the KlangBogen Festival, which took place for the last time in 2006 and was integrated into the performance of the Theater an der Wien, the Semperdepot was also used as a second venue (premiere of the opera Don Juan comes from the war ).

World premieres and premieres (incomplete list)

Façade to the left Wienzeile and Millöckergasse, built after 1900 by Fellner & Helmer , condition since 2006
Front building to the Naschmarkt . Musical front on the portal changed after 2005.

owner

  • Bartholomäus Zitterbarth (June 13, 1801 to February 14, 1804)
  • Peter Freiherr von Braun (February 15, 1804 to December 31, 1806)
  • The Society of Cavaliers (January 1, 1807 to September 30, 1813)
  • Ferdinand Graf Palffy von Erdöd (October 1, 1813 to December 14, 1826)
  • The Freiherr von Wimmer'schen Erben and Cajetan Hruschowsky Ritter von Hruschowa (December 15, 1826 to June 4, 1827)
  • Cajetan Hruschowsky Knight of Hruschowa (June 5, 1827 to December 5, 1832). His wife, Baron von Wimmer, had given him her share.
  • The Hruschowsky heirs (December 6, 1832 to August 30, 1841)
  • Franz Pokorny and (until her death) wife Marie (May 1, 1845 to August 5, 1850)
  • The Pokorny heirs (August 6, 1850 to mid-August 1858)
  • Alois Pokorny (mid-August 1858 to April 16, 1873)
  • Gustav von Leon (1839–1898) (55/100 shares), Alexander Lippmann (35/100 shares) and Erwin Suchanek (10/100 shares) (April 17, 1873 for a few months)
  • Gustav von Leon (60/100 shares) and Alexander Lippmann (40/100 shares) (January 1, 1874 to December 25, 1880)
  • Franz Jauner (December 26, 1880 to June 16, 1884)
  • Alexandrine von Schönerer (June 17, 1884 to April 30, 1900)
  • Leon Doret, Emil Freiherr von Kubinsky (1843–1907) and Josef von Simon (1854–1926) (May 1, 1900 to early 1908)
  • Leon Doret, Emil Freiherr von Kubinsky'sche Erben and Josef von Simon (early 1908 to June 19, 1913)
  • Leon Doret, Josef von Simon and (with 50/100 shares) Helene Waldberg (June 20, 1913 to May 7, 1924)
  • Helene Waldberg (50/100 shares), Hubert Marischka-Karczag (25/100 shares), Lilian Marischka-Karczag (25/100 shares) (May 8, 1924 to December 31, 1929)
  • Hubert Marischka-Karczag (25/100 shares), Lilian Marischka-Karczag (25/100 shares) (January 1, 1930 to June 12, 1940)
  • Municipality of Vienna (100/100 shares) (June 13, 1940)
  • Municipality of Vienna (April 11, 1960)

Directors

  • Emanuel Schikaneder (June 13, 1801 to May 30, 1802)
  • Bartholomäus Zitterbarth (May 31, 1802 to February 14, 1804). He was assisted by Schikaneder, who had directorate powers.
  • Peter Freiherr von Braun (February 15, 1804 to December 31, 1806). In his support: Joseph von Sonnleithner (February 16, 1804 to August 31, 1804); Emanuel Schikaneder (September 1, 1804 to December 31, 1806)
  • The Society of Cavaliers (January 1, 1807 to December 31, 1809). Cavaliers: Prince Franz Josef Lobkowitz (1772–1816), head of the opera; Ferdinand Graf Palffy, director of the theater; Stephan Graf Zichy (1780–1853), head of the ballet; Hieronymus Graf von Lodron († 1824), head of the direction
  • Ferdinand Graf Palffy von Erdöd (January 1, 1810 to September 30, 1813). With the support of two, later only one, Cavaliers.
    • - (October 1, 1813 to November 30, 1821). During this time the following worked as vice directors or general secretaries: Georg Friedrich Treitschke (October 1, 1813 to December 31, 1813); Joseph Schreyvogel (April 1, 1814 to December 31, 1814); Carl Friedrich Hensler (January 20, 1817 to August 31, 1817); as chief director: Peter Freiherr von Braun (February 4, 1818 to February 11, 1819)
  • Domenico Barbaja (December 1, 1821 to June 30, 1822). The so-called combined administration with the Kärntnertortheater .
  • Ferdinand Graf Palffy von Erdöd (July 1, 1822 to May 31, 1825). To support him as Secretary General with directorate powers: Wilhelm Vogl (July 1, 1822 to May 31, 1824)
    • - (June 1, 1824 to May 31, 1825)

Theater closed from June 1, 1825 to August 17, 1825.

Theater closed from May 1, 1826 to May 14, 1826.

  • Hensler's heirs with members of the Theater Josephstadt and an der Wien (May 15, 1826 to July 15, 1826)

Theater closed from July 16, 1826 to October 2, 1826.

  • Karl Carl (October 3, 1826 to December 14, 1826)

Theater closed from December 15, 1826 to May 27, 1827.

  • Karl Carl and the Hensler's heirs (joint lease, June 28 to the end of June 1831)
  • Karl Carl (July 5, 1831 to April 30, 1845)
  • Franz Pokorny (May 1, 1845 to August 5, 1850), supported in 1850 by his son Alois Pokorny.
  • Alois Pokorny (August 5, 1850 to May 22, 1862). In the last months of his management activity, when filing for bankruptcy became necessary, supported by his brother Anton Pokorny as co-director and a society committee of theater members. Alois Pokorny worked as secretaries: Franz Treumann (September 1850 to the end of December 1850); as his successor: Heinrich Mirani (January 1851 until the end of Pokorny's management activity)
  • Friedrich Strampfer (September 1, 1862 to July 26, 1869)
  • Marie Geistinger and Maximilian Steiner (August 1, 1869 to May 15, 1875), joint management.
  • Maximilian Steiner (May 16, 1875 to May 29, 1880). From January 1880 on, supported by his son Franz.
  • Franz Steiner (June 1, 1880 to April 30, 1884)
  • Alexandrine von Schönerer and the consortium Kamillo Walzel , Franz Jauner and, for a short time, Alexander Girardi . Lessee: Kamillo Walzel (September 1, 1884 to June 30, 1889)
  • Alexandrine von Schönerer and Franz Jauner (July 1, 1889 until the end of the season 1895)
  • Alexandrine von Schönerer (beginning of the season 1895 to April 30, 1900). The deputy director was: Wilhelm Jäger (1895 to 1898); Andreas Amann (1898 to 1899) and Georg Lang (1899 to 1900)
  • Karl Langkammer (September 5, 1900 to April 14, 1901)
  • Wilhelm Karczag and Georg Lang (September 5, 1900 to April 14, 1901), together
  • Wilhelm Karczag and Karl Mathias Wallner (June 1, 1902 to May 31, 1911), together
  • Wilhelm Karczag (June 1, 1911 to 1923). Last year together with Hubert Marischka as deputy.
  • Hubert Marischka and Wilhelm Karczag (autumn 1923 to March 1, 1935)
  • Hans Knappl (August 30, 1935 to June 21, 1936). The theater was operated in a commercial form.
  • Arthur Hellmer (September 1, 1936 to March 16, 1938)

From April 15, 1938, no more management, but only temporary guest performances of the Löwinger Bauerntheater and the Exlbühne (farewell performance: May 31, 1939)
Theater closed from June 1, 1939 to October 5, 1945.
Reopening as replacement quarters for those on March 12, 1945 bombed-out Vienna State Opera (October 6, 1945).
Reopening as Theater an der Wien (May 28, 1962)

Awards

2015, the opera was Peter Grimes by Benjamin Britten at the Theater an der Wien, directed by Christof Loy and conducted by Cornelius Meister restaged. This production received the International Opera Award in 2016 .

literature

Web links

Commons : Theater an der Wien  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Information from Statistics Austria
  2. ^ Bauer: 150 years of Theater an der Wien , p. 15 f.
  3. ^ Bauer: 150 years of Theater an der Wien , pp. 26–35.
  4. ^ Tadeusz Krzeszowiak: Freihaustheater in Vienna, 1787–1801, place of work of WA Mozart and E. Schikaneder. Collection of documents . Böhlau, Vienna (among others) 2009, ISBN 978-3-205-77748-9 , p. 355, online .
  5. Domestic events. Vienna. In:  Wiener Zeitung , No. 4/1808, January 13, 1808, p. 177. (Online at ANNO ). Template: ANNO / Maintenance / wrz.
  6. album. Local perspective. Award. In:  Der Humorist , No. 178/1845, July 26, 1845, p. 711, top left. (Online at ANNO ). Template: ANNO / maintenance / hum.
  7. H – r .:  Album. Opening of the theater in Vienna. In:  Der Humorist , No. 178/1845, September 1, 1845, pp. 835 f. (Online at ANNO ). Template: ANNO / maintenance / hum.
  8. prompt. In:  Der Humorist , No. 126/1845 (IX. Year), May 27, 1845, p. 504, bottom right. (Online at ANNO ). Template: ANNO / maintenance / hum.
  9. ^ Art and theater hall. National Theater (an der Wien). In:  The humorist. Ein Volksblatt , No. 91/1848 (XII. Year), April 15, 1848, p. 367, bottom left. (Online at ANNO ). Template: ANNO / maintenance / hum.
  10. ^ Wagner: Theater and public in the Vormärz , p. 381, online .
  11. ^ M (oritz) G (ottlieb) Saphir:  Cypressen branch for the grave of Franz Pokorny, director and owner of the Theaters an der Wien and Josephstadt. In:  Der Humorist , No. 192/1850 (XIV. Year), August 11, 1850, p. 765 f. (Online at ANNO ). Template: ANNO / maintenance / hum.
  12. C. v. Wurzbach: Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Österreich, 23rd vol., Vienna 1872, p. 43.
  13. ^ Kaiser: Under fifteen theater directors , pp. 248–251.
  14. ^ The closure of the Theater an der Wien. In:  Die Presse , No. 94/1862 (15th year), April 5, 1862, p. 3 (running page). (Online at ANNO ). Template: ANNO / maintenance / apr.
  15. bankruptcies. (...) Alois Pokorny in Vienna. In:  Official Journal of the Wiener Zeitung , No. 130/1862, June 6, 1862, p. 660, column two above. (Online at ANNO ). Template: ANNO / Maintenance / wrz.
  16. Vienna Local Newspaper. (...) The Theater an der Wien (...). In:  Das Vaterland , No. 189 b / 1862 (3rd year), August 17, 1862, p. 3 (running page), column one center. (Online at ANNO ). Template: ANNO / Maintenance / possibly.
  17. (Marie) Geistinger, (Maximilian) Steiner:  Theater and art news. In:  Local-Anzeiger der "Presse" , supplement to No. 207/1869 (XXII. Year), July 28, 1869, p. 2 (running page), top center. (Online at ANNO ). Template: ANNO / maintenance / apr.
  18. ^ A b Gina Galeta (Red.): Vienna 1960: reports from April 1960. (…) April 11, 1960: City administration buys the Theater an der Wien . wien.gv.at , accessed on November 9, 2013.
  19. B. (di Adolf Bäuerle ):  The King, and his Stubenheitzer. A play in one file by Vogel. Performed for the first time on July 24th at the Theater an der Wien. In:  Theater-Zeitung , No. 4/1811, August 14, 1811, p. 14 f. (Online at ANNO ). Template: ANNO / Maintenance / thz.
  20. ^ Bauer: 150 years of Theater an der Wien , p. 402.
  21. Data 1801 to 1940 from: Bauer: 150 years Theater an der Wien , p. 481 f.
  22. Data 1801 to 1939 from: Bauer: 150 Jahre Theater an der Wien , p. 482 ff.

Remarks

  1. The Vienna in front of the theater is now canalised and the Naschmarkt food market is built above it .
  2. This Beethoven apartment was reminiscent of this Beethoven apartment (at the Wienzeile entrance on the ground floor, so by no means at the original location) until a few years ago a memorial room that was visible through a shop window, but not authentically furnished, but synthetically constructed, but which has now been abandoned.
  3. The program of the installation evening , presented in the presence of Emperor Ferdinand I , included: Karl Meisl : Des Wand'rers Ziel. Festival, intended for the opening of the kk priv. Theater an der Wien , OBV , as well as the romantic opera Alessandro Stradella by Friedrich von Flotow . - See individual reference Der Humorist from September 1, 1845 and Carl Walter:  Art News. Spectacles. KK priv. Theater an der Wien. In:  Wiener Zeitung , No. 246/1845, September 6, 1845, pp. 1893 f. (Online at ANNO ). . Template: ANNO / Maintenance / wrz
  4. About two months earlier, Pokorny had given notice to 150 members of the Josefstädter Theater. These were to be housed in a National Arena to be built on shares in Hernals . This daytime theater wanted to take into account the fact that the prevailing times no longer allowed evening events. - See: Art and Theater Hall. (...) A national arena. In:  The humorist. Ein Volksblatt , No. 158/1848 (XII. Volume), July 3, 1848, p. 655, center right. (Online at ANNO ). .Template: ANNO / maintenance / hum
  5. Strampfer had brought works by Jacques Offenbach to the stage with great success , but came under fire when Offenbach no longer attracted the audience . In the summer of 1869 he offered his secretary and representative Maximilian Steiner to take over the house with the lease to be renewed at the end of the year. Steiner happily accepted the offer, which had also been promised to him in writing, and presented it to the tenants a short time later, although he knew that Strampfer (who was traveling at the time) had decided to continue running the house himself. When the lease with Steiner was signed, Strampfer could only declare his withdrawal. - See: Coffee house chats (...) We want to tell our readers today (...). In:  Wiener Sonn- und Mondags -Zeitung , supplement to No. 62/1869 (VII. Year), July 18, 1869, p. 5 (running page) middle. (Online at ANNO ). Template: ANNO / Maintenance / wsz.
  6. Contrary to the original agreement, the company soon dissolved until Ferdinand Graf Palffy von Erdöd was left alone, who then bought the stage for himself.
  7. Belgian Consul General.
  8. banker.
  9. Bauer, 150 Jahre Theater an der Wien , p. 259, quoted for this purchase from the Mariahilf land register, according to which the bookings were made on June 29, 1940. - Between 1940 and 1960 the property should have returned to the seller, Hubert Marischka.
  10. ^ First Secretary General , from July 1823 to November of that year more independent , from the stage leaseholder, Domenico Barbaja , director subsidized for his work, then again Secretary General . - See: News in the Field of Arts and Sciences. Correspondence messages. Diary from Vienna. (Continuation). In:  Abend-Zeitung , No. 195/1823, August 15, 1823, p. 780, top left. (Online at ANNO ). Template: ANNO / maintenance / abe.
    Vogel (1772-1843) was relieved of his position on April 1, 1824 by Pálffy (as the owner). Vogel went to court, won in all instances and was reinstated in his old rights with a judgment of November 16, 1826.
  11. During the time of Vogel's suspension, the stage is said to have been run down by the director Friedrich Demmer , which caused it to close. - See: Wilhelm Vogel . In: Alvensleben: Biographisches Taschenbuch , pp. 79-103.
  12. During the time of the Karczag and Marischka-Karczag directorates, Emil Steininger worked almost all of the time from 1901 to 1935, initially as an employee and later as co-director.
  13. Beethoven's Fidelio was given , newly rehearsed by Oscar Fritz Schuh (1904–1984) and musically directed by Josef Krips (1902–1974). Introductory words were spoken by Hans Pernter (1887–1951). The performance was simultaneously broadcast on Radio Wien . - See: Radio Vienna . In: Arbeiter-Zeitung . Vienna October 6, 1945, p. 4 , top right ( berufer-zeitung.at - the open online archive - digitized). From June 18, 1945 to August 31, 1955, Franz Salmhofer (1900–1975) was State Opera Director “in residence” at the Theater an der Wien. - See: The Directors . In: wiener-staatsoper.at , accessed on November 16, 2013.

Coordinates: 48 ° 11 ′ 58 "  N , 16 ° 21 ′ 50"  E