Karl Friedrich Hensler

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Karl Friedrich Hensler. Lithograph by Josef Lanzedelli the Elder Ä. , circa 1820

Karl Friedrich Hensler (also Henseler) (born February 1, 1759 in Vaihingen an der Enz ; † November 24, 1825 in Vienna ) was an Austrian theater director and theater writer at the Old Vienna Volkstheater .


In the years 1790 to 1791 Hensler published the magazine Marinellische Schaubühne . In 1813, at the age of 54, Hensler fulfilled his dream of his own theater: He became the director of the Theater an der Wien . He headed the theater in der Josefstadt from 1814 to 1816 as vice director and from 1822 as director.

When the theater was demolished in May 1822 and then replaced by a new building, Carl Meisl wrote the festival The Consecration of the House for the grand opening of the new Josephstädter Theater on October 3, 1823 . Hensler was able to win Beethoven over for the stage music . It consisted of the overture The Consecration of the House, Op. 124, composed especially for this occasion, and the incidental music The Ruins of Athens, Op. 113, to which Beethoven also composed the choir Where the Pulse Chase WoO 98 and the March with Choir Adorns the Altars op. 113 No. 6 revised (op.114). Even though the notice announced, "Mr. van Beethoven will have the honor of conducting his music himself", the musical direction was mainly in the hands of Franz Gläser , whom Beethoven had asked for "as his assistant".

Hensler's own literary work is entirely in the tradition of the old Viennese folk theater ( Viennese puppet and magic opera ). Some of his works were set to music by Wenzel Müller .

In 1783 he was accepted into the Neuwied Masonic lodge "Caroline to the three peacocks". In Vienna he joined the “To the Three Eagles” lodge.

Karl Friedrich Hensler died in Vienna on November 24, 1825 at the age of 66. His daughter Josepha von Scheidlin followed him in the management of the theater in the Josefstadt.


  • Kaspar, the chimney sweep (1791)
  • Kasperl, the broom-maker (1787)
  • The weever (1794)
  • The Austrian soldier in Kehl. A Prelude in an Act (1797) ( digitized version )
  • The Danube Female (1st part 1792; 2nd part 1798)
  • The Nymph of the Danube I. (1803) [The Danube Female, Part 3]
  • Sophie Romani (1790)
  • The Teufelsmühle on Wienerberg (1799)
  • The truce in Thuringia (1802)


Individual evidence

  1. ^ Illustration in Ludwig van Beethoven, Briefwechsel. Complete edition , Volume 4, ed. by Sieghard Brandenburg , Munich 1996, p. 540
  2. Cf. the memories of Franz glasses and Anton Schindler , in: Klaus Martin Kopitz , Rainer Cadenbach (eds.) U. a .: Beethoven from the point of view of his contemporaries in diaries, letters, poems and memories. Volume 1: Adamberger - Kuffner. Edited by the Beethoven Research Center at the Berlin University of the Arts. Henle, Munich 2009, ISBN 978-3-87328-120-2 , pp. 348-350.
  3. ^ Karl Friedrich Hensler, The Truce in Thuringia, printed by Matthias Andreas Schmidt, KK Hofdruckerei Vienna, 1802.

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