Richard Tauber , born Richard Denemy (born May 16, 1891 in Linz , † January 8, 1948 in London ) was an Austrian opera singer ( tenor ). The press and advertising gave him the name "King of Belcanto ".
Richard Tauber was the illegitimate child of the soubrette Elisabeth Denemy (widowed after Karl Seyfferth) and the converted Jewish actor and Chemnitz opera manager Richard Tauber . The house where he was born was the Hotel Zum schwarzen Bären in Linz. The entry in the baptismal register was Richard Denemy . The legal status and name were changed in 1913 as a result of the father's adoption . Due to his mother's profession, Tauber grew up with foster parents in Linz and also attended elementary school there. Richard Tauber was a Roman Catholic from birth (baptized in Linz), his mother was Roman Catholic and his father had converted to the Roman Catholic faith as a teenager. Tauber saw himself as a Catholic and did not understand all his life that he was persecuted by the National Socialists just because his paternal grandparents were practicing Jews.
In 1903, at the age of twelve, Tauber moved to his father in Wiesbaden and attended grammar school there for the next five years. He then studied piano and composition from 1908 to 1910 at the Hoch Conservatory in Frankfurt am Main . Conducting was added later. Thanks to the recommendation of his lecturers, Tauber became a student of Carl Beines in Freiburg im Breisgau between 1911 and 1912 and was trained in singing. There he was able to make his public debut on May 12, 1912 as a soloist with the choral society "Concordia".
Almost a year later, on March 2, 1913, Tauber sang in an opera for the first time. He made his debut at the Chemnitz Theater as Tamino in Die Zauberflöte ( Mozart ). That year his father adopted him; officially he was now called "Denemy-Tauber", but only called himself "Tauber". End of 1913 got Tauber at the opera in Dresden an engagement as Royal Court opera ; he only ended this contract in 1918.
During this time Tauber sang "Max" in Der Freischütz ( Carl Maria von Weber ), "Mathias" in Der Evangelimann ( Wilhelm Kienzl ), "Alfredo" in La traviata ( Giuseppe Verdi ) and many more. Between 1919 and 1920 Tauber moved from the Berlin State Opera to the Volksoper Vienna and back again. In 1921 he appeared for the first time in an operetta by Franz Lehár ; he sang in the gypsy love in Salzburg . These many guest performances abroad led to a rift in Dresden, so that Tauber resigned there and went to Vienna.
Between 1922 and 1925, Tauber made a name for himself as a brilliant interpreter of Mozart operas and his friend Franz Lehár wrote the tenor parts for him in many of his operettas. During this time Taubers began regular engagements at the Salzburg Festival . In 1922 he was seen and heard as Don Ottavio in the first opera performance of the Salzburg Festival . In 1926 Tauber married the Hamburg soubrette Carlotta Vanconti , whom he had known for two years. After two years of marriage, the couple separated and were divorced in 1928. This divorce made headlines when it became known that Vanconti had been settled with a million marks; the daily press called Vanconti “a soubrette on the outside and a crocodile on the inside”.
With the song " Your is my whole heart " from the operetta The Land of Smiles (Franz Lehár), Tauber became a world star almost overnight. The amazing thing is that he was hardly able to rehearse for it, as he spent weeks on a cure in Bad Piešťany due to a rheumatic attack .
In 1933 Richard Tauber was attacked in front of the Hotel Adlon in Berlin by an SA troop with the words "Judenlümmel, out of Germany" and put down. Actually, Tauber wanted to emigrate immediately, but stayed to work on his operetta The Singing Dream . He dedicated the song “You are the world for me” from this piece to his tenor colleague and friend Joseph Schmidt . The following year it was premiered in Vienna.
At that time he lived with the singer Mary Losseff . His relationship with her began while he was still married to Carlotta Vanconti and tragically ended when his beloved was alcoholic.
In 1935, while filming Heart's Desire , Tauber made the acquaintance of British actress Diana Napier and married her the following year. But this relationship too did not last; the couple went their separate ways during the war. In 1938, after Austria was annexed to the German Empire , Tauber went on a world tour and emigrated to Great Britain.
Throughout the Second World War , Tauber stayed in Great Britain and appeared in many cities to look after the troops. In 1940 he was granted British citizenship . He has worked on various occasions as a conductor with the London Philharmonic Orchestra . In 1941 Tauber celebrated another premiere in London with his operetta Old Chelsea . The official criticism gave him the name "The Man with the Monocle" because of his appearance.
In 1946 Tauber gave a farewell concert in Zurich (a recording of the radio broadcast has been preserved) and devoted himself almost exclusively to composing and conducting for the next two years. During this time he was already living with Esther Moncrieff . On September 27, 1947, Tauber gave his farewell performance on stage. He sang “Ottavio” in Don Giovanni (Mozart) in London with the ensemble of the Vienna State Opera under the direction of Josef Krips . A major Australian tour that Tauber had already planned was played in his place by Rudolf Schock in 1949 .
At the end of 1947 Tauber was operated on in Guy's Hospital in London and died there a few weeks later at the age of 56 from the effects of his lung cancer . Richard Tauber found his final resting place in a grave of honor for the City of London at Brompton Cemetery ( Kensington West). A memorial stone was set up in the Bad Ischl cemetery .
Despite his fame and considerable income, Tauber left tax debts of around 750,000 marks. His widow Diana Napier could therefore not pay for the funeral; she received support from Vera Schwarz and Marlene Dietrich, among others . On January 20, 1948, a memorial service for Tauber with over 7,000 participants took place in the Royal Albert Hall : At this benefit concert for the benefit of Tauber's widow, u. a. Elisabeth Schwarzkopf .
- 1925: Travel Adventure [short silent film]
- 1928: Warning! Admission! [short silent film]
- 1929: I kiss your hand, Madame
- 1930: I never believe in a woman again
- 1930: the tempting goal
- 1930: the land of smiles
- 1931: The big attraction
- 1931: How do I get rich and happy
- 1932: Melody of Love
- 1934: Yours is my heart ( Blossom Time )
- 1935: Last Love (only vocals)
- 1935: Vienna, Vienna, just you alone ( Heart's Desire )
- 1936: The Singing Land ( Land Without Music )
- 1936: The Bajazzo ( Pagliacci )
- 1945: Wedding Waltz ( Waltz Time )
- 1946: The Lisbon Story
- You are the world for me , an Austrian fictional film from 1953, which treats Tauber's artistic development and his love affair with a dancer very freely
- Heinz Ludwigg: Richard Tauber - contemporaries write about the tenor , Berlin 1928.
- Cor Pot: Richard Tauber (1891–1948) - Zanger zonder border , Zwolle 1988.
- Alfred A. Fassbind: Joseph Schmidt. A song goes around the world. Traces of a legend. Schweizer Verlagshaus, Zurich 1992, ISBN 3-7263-6664-4 , p. 110 ff.
- Michael Jürgs : I was happy to kiss the women. The Richard Tauber biography. List, Munich 2000, ISBN 3-471-79429-8 .
- Otto Schneidereit: Richard Tauber. One life, one voice. Verlag Parthas, Berlin 2000, ISBN 3-932529-25-1 .
- Christina Höfferer, Andreas Kloner: Yours is my whole heart. The singer Richard Tauber. ORF radio feature 2011, 55 min.
- Evelyn Steinthaler: Tomorrow I have to leave here. Richard Tauber. The emigration of a world star. Milena Verlag, Vienna 2011, ISBN 978-3-85286-208-8 .
- Martin Sollfrank: Richard Tauber - World Star of the 20th Century , Dresden-Sargans 2014.
- Heide Stockinger / Kai-Uwe Garrels: Tauber, mein Tauber - 24 approaches to the world-famous Linz tenor Richard Tauber , 2017, ISBN 978-3-99028-650-0 .
- Lexical entries
- MGG . (1st edition, Volume 13). P. 147.
- Brockhaus-Riemann music lexicon . (Volume 4). Edited by Carl Dahlhaus, Hans Heinrich Eggebrecht. Atlantis-Schott, Zurich / Mainz 1995, ISBN 3-254-08397-0 , p. 230 f.
- Felix Czeike (Ed.): Historisches Lexikon Wien . Volume 5, Kremayr & Scheriau, Vienna 1997, ISBN 3-218-00547-7 , p. 418.
- Paul Suter: Richard Tauber . In: Andreas Kotte (Ed.): Theater Lexikon der Schweiz . Volume 3, Chronos, Zurich 2005, ISBN 3-0340-0715-9 , p. 1798 f.
- Austrian music lexicon . (Volume 5.) Publishing house of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna 2006, ISBN 3-7001-3067-8 . ( Online version ).
- Richard Tauber in the Bavarian Musicians' Lexicon Online (BMLO) .
- Richard Tauber in the Lexicon of Persecuted Musicians from the Nazi Era (LexM).
- Ralph-Günther Patocka: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 25, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2013, ISBN 978-3-428-11206-7 , p. 801 f. ( ). In:
- Kay Less : 'In life, more is taken from you than given ...'. Lexicon of filmmakers who emigrated from Germany and Austria between 1933 and 1945. A general overview. P. 498 f., ACABUS-Verlag, Hamburg 2011, ISBN 978-3-86282-049-8 .
- Literature by and about Richard Tauber in the catalog of the German National Library
- Pictures by Richard Tauber In: Virtual History
- List of all recordings by Richard Tauber in the German Broadcasting Archive (PDF; 171 kB)
- Archived Russian radio broadcast about Richard Tauber with numerous historical recordings, part 1 (27.3 MB)
- Archived Russian radio broadcast about Richard Tauber with numerous historical recordings, part 2 (26.8 MB)
- Audio recordings with Richard Tauber in the online collections of the Austrian Mediathek (shellac recordings , radio reports)
- Katharina Leuoth: Portrait of a Wagner admirer ( Memento from August 15, 2012 in the Internet Archive ). On: Freiepresse.de on October 29, 2010.
- Speech by Mayor Koref, Linz . Retrieved September 8, 2016.
- “Das Orchester” ( Memento of the original from September 15, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. . Retrieved September 8, 2016.
- Knerger.de: The grave of Richard Tauber
- Evelyn Steinthaler, p. 204 f.
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Denemy, Richard (maiden name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Austrian opera singer (tenor)|
|DATE OF BIRTH||May 16, 1891|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Linz|
|DATE OF DEATH||January 8, 1948|
|Place of death||London|