Bad Ischl

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Bad Ischl
coat of arms Austria map
Bad Ischl coat of arms
Bad Ischl (Austria)
Bad Ischl
Basic data
Country: Austria
State : Upper Austria
Political District : Gmunden
License plate : GM
Surface: 163.06 km²
Coordinates : 47 ° 43 '  N , 13 ° 38'  E Coordinates: 47 ° 43 '13 "  N , 13 ° 38' 0"  E
Height : 468  m above sea level A.
Residents : 14,070 (January 1, 2020)
Postal code : 4820
Area code : 06132
Community code : 4 07 03
Address of the
municipal administration:
Pfarrgasse 11
4820 Bad Ischl
Mayoress : Ines Schiller ( SPÖ )
Municipal Council : (2015)
(37 members)
18th 8th 8th 
A total of 37 seats
Location of Bad Ischl in the Gmunden district
Altmünster Bad Goisern Bad Ischl Ebensee am Traunsee Gmunden Gosau Grünau im Almtal Gschwandt Hallstatt Kirchham Laakirchen Obertraun Ohlsdorf Pinsdorf Roitham am Traunfall St. Konrad (Oberösterreich) St. Wolfgang im Salzkammergut Scharnstein Traunkirchen Vorchdorf OberösterreichLocation of the municipality of Bad Ischl in the Gmunden district (clickable map)
About this picture
Template: Infobox municipality in Austria / maintenance / site plan image map
Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria


The town of Bad Ischl is an Austrian health resort with 14,070 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2020) on the Traun , in the center of the Salzkammergut in the southern part of Upper Austria . The city belongs to the Gmunden district and lies in the judicial district of Bad Ischl .

The health resort was awarded a gold medal in the competition for quality of life of the Entente Florale Europe with the highest number of points ever awarded. In 2024, Bad Ischl, along with 20 municipalities in the Salzkammergut, will be the European Capital of Culture alongside Bodø in Norway and Tartu in Estonia .


View of the Traun, under the clouds the Siriuskogl (599 m), above the clouds the Katrin ( 1542  m )

Bad Ischl is located at an altitude of 468 m in Upper Austria. The extension is 19.6 km from north to south and 17.8 km from west to east. The total area is 163.06 km². 71.9% of the area is forested, 7.9% of the area is used for agriculture. The center of the village is surrounded in a semicircle by the Traun and the flowing Ischl ; the Rettenbach also flows into the Traun in Bad Ischl.

View of Bad Ischl from Siriuskogl
Bad Ischl around 1855
Historical map of Ischl (1888)

Community structure

The municipality includes the following 20 localities (population in brackets as of January 1, 2020):

  • Maple (608)
  • Bad Ischl (1875)
  • Corner (149)
  • Haiden (1634)
  • Hinterstein (95)
  • Jainzen (713)
  • Kaltenbach (1497)
  • Koesslbach (81)
  • Kreutern (808)
  • Lauffen (183)
  • Lindau (301)
  • Mitterweissenbach (112)
  • Perneck (280)
  • Ramsau (174)
  • Reiterndorf (2563)
  • Rettenbach (527)
  • Roith (354)
  • Quarry (459)
  • Steinfeld (1008)
  • Sulzbach (649)

The community consists of the cadastral communities Ahorn, Bad Ischl, Haiden, Jainzen, Kaltenbach, Lauffen , Lindau, Perneck, Reiterndorf and Rettenbach.

Neighboring communities

Steinbach am Attersee ( Vöcklabruck district ) Ebensee
St. Wolfgang in the Salzkammergut Neighboring communities
Strobl ( Salzburg ) Bad Goisern on Lake Hallstatt Altaussee ( Styria )


Average monthly temperatures and precipitation for Bad Ischl
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max. Temperature ( ° C ) 2.3 4.6 9.4 15.1 20.2 22.3 24.6 24.0 19.5 14.9 7.7 3.0 O 14th
Min. Temperature (° C) -4.2 -3.2 0.2 3.7 8.3 11.3 13.1 13.1 9.8 5.8 0.8 -2.6 O 4.7
Temperature (° C) -1.9 -0.6 3.2 7.9 13.0 15.6 17.6 16.9 13.0 8.8 3.1 -0.6 O 8th
Precipitation ( mm ) 119 110 151 110 148 189 223 202 164 106 124 135 Σ 1,781
Humidity ( % ) 73.4 63.5 56.5 48.8 49.9 55.8 54.4 56.0 60.9 61.8 72.7 79.0 O 61.1
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec


Early days

It is assumed that the Bad Ischl area was inhabited as early as the Hallstatt and Latène times. 15 BC The area became part of the Roman Empire . The presence of the Romans is documented by two inscription stones and scattered finds, one of which was lost in the 18th century, probably in the course of the church renovation. This, a consecration stone to Mithras from the period after 170, contained the reference to a statio Esc (ensis) (customs post). A Roman tombstone from the 3rd / 4th centuries was preserved. Century. Another consecration stone was found in the nearby Kienbachklamm for the Celtic / Roman god Mars Latobius . Noricum remained a Roman province for half a millennium. In the course of the great migration , the inner Salzkammergut probably experienced a noticeable decline in population, which was, however, compensated for by immigration of Bavarians and Slavs in the following period . These areas had already recovered under Charlemagne , but were thrown back again by the forays of the Hungarians.

Around the year 1000 the country, which at that time belonged to the Bavarian Mark ob der Enns , finally recovered from the destruction. The population increased noticeably, and salt production was also resumed. Through their followers, the Lords of Ort, the Styrian margraves (from 1180 dukes) from the Otakare family extended their territory to the inner Salzkammergut in the first half of the 12th century. They were inherited by the Babenbergs in 1192.

Since then, salt has once again become the most important economic factor in what is now called Ischlland.

The place was first mentioned in a document in 1262 as Iselen , later as Yschl .

High Middle Ages and the salt conflict

Than a century later, now already under the rule of the Habsburgs - the basic rule Wildenstein  - a new salt mine in Goisern was discovered and released to break down, it came by the Archbishop Konrad IV. From Salzburg to open conflict to the salt monopoly .

The anger of the archbishop grew even greater when the abbot Heinrich von Admont , a Habsburg favorite, also mined salt in the Gosau valley and was busy extracting salt in Hallstatt . Having to share his salt trade seemed unbearable to the proud archbishop, so a furious battle for salt production and the salt trade broke out. The archbishop brought in a complaint in which he referred to the monopoly - supposedly only due to him. This objection was not recognized by the Habsburg Duke Albrecht I , which once again increased the anger of the archbishop. Albrecht set up fortifications in the endangered places. For example, in Hallstatt a protective station, the Rudolfsturm , was built, from which one could see the whole country far.

When the rumor arose one day that the Duke had died of the effects of poisoning, Archbishop Konrad prepared for the final extermination campaign against the newly created salt pans that he hated. He had the mining sites demolished and the associated settlements reduced to rubble. But his triumph did not last long, as Albrecht I had not died at all and was now taking revenge on the archbishop in a bloody feud.

Former brewhouse

Peace was made in 1297. This agreement ushered in an era of construction and peace. New mountains were used to extract salt. From 1419 Wildenstein Castle was the seat of the - from 1452 imperial - carers who administered the Habsburg salt trade.

The main town of the Ischlland at this time was Lauffen (first documented mention in 807, today cadastral parish of Bad Ischl), 1275/80, at the time of the Battle of Dürnkrut / Jedenspeigen in 1278, with which the Salzkammergut finally came to Habsburg , by King Rudolf I. was raised to the market (the oldest market in the Salzkammergut). For "special merits", Duke Albrecht III. 1392 special rights to the village of Ischl. Under Emperor Friedrich III. Ischl was raised to market in 1466. In 1656 the name ' Salzkammergut ' for the property around Bad Ischl was mentioned for the first time in a document.

In 1563 the Ischler Salzberg was opened up by the mine in Perneck. The Pfannhaus (Saline) on the Traun was built in 1571 (called Kolowrat brewhouse from the 19th century ). For generations of Ischlern, salt became the most important economic basis, in addition to the previous transport, now also in direct production. This means that Ischl is becoming increasingly important compared to Lauffen. In 1595 the brine pipeline was built from Hallstatt via Goisern to Ischl, in 1604/7 the brewing hut Ebensee with an extension of the brine pipeline.

Reformation and Counter Reformation

In the 17th century, membership in Protestantism had to be bitterly fought for. Lutherans who immigrated from Salzburg had to renounce their religion in the course of the Counter Reformation . Anyone who opposed the order was imprisoned or even executed. Many Protestants, as originally Schloss Pernegg local barons of Racknitz , left Austria. Protestantism could be suppressed by force for about 100 years until the movement openly demanded its right to freedom of worship. The request was rejected and the rebellious Protestants were asked to either convert to Catholicism or to emigrate to Hungary and Transylvania (see Landler ). Since most of the affected families had lived in the Salzkammergut for generations, the majority of Lutherans stayed in the country and swore - at least outwardly - from their belief. But it was only a matter of form, because in truth they continued to practice their religion secretly ( cryptoprotestantism ) until Emperor Joseph II finally officially allowed Protestantism with the introduction of the tolerance patent in 1781.

Health resort and "imperial city"

Sisi's tea house, the Marmorschlössl , now the Photo Museum

Ischl's heyday began in the 19th century, despite its economic significance. In 1821 the Viennese doctor Franz Wirer came to Ischl and found out about the successes of the saline physicist Josef Götz, who had been testing the effects of brine baths on sick saline workers since 1807. The first about 40 (foreign) spa guests appeared in 1822. In the following year, the number of guests doubled. 1823 can be seen as the actual founding year for the first Ischl spa as a brine bath. The brine bathing room ( Tänzelbad ) built by the saline cashier Michael Tänzl in his house on the Traun had to be expanded as early as 1825.

Ischl soon rose to become a health resort of European importance. The number of guests who came to Ischl - including State Chancellor Metternich and Archduke Rudolf - grew steadily. In 1827 the archducal couple Franz Karl and Sophie , the parents of the future Emperor Franz Josef, took a cure here for the first time. In 1827/1828 Franz and Magdalena Koch built the Posthof (Gasthof zur Post), the first hotel in the Salzkammergut.

The imperial villa in Bad Ischl

The high point of Ischl's heyday was the period from 1849 to 1914 as the imperial summer residence under Emperor Franz Joseph I. In 1853, Franz Joseph became engaged to Elisabeth (Sisi) in Bavaria in what was then the Seeauerhaus , which is now the museum of the city of Bad Ischl.

Since the summer of 1863, the important composer Anton Bruckner has always come to Ischl for the Emperor's birthday and for other festive occasions of the imperial family as court organist. Bruckner liked to describe himself as "the emperor's organist". On July 31, 1890, at the wedding of Archduchess Marie Valerie and Archduke Franz Salvator, he played variations on the imperial anthem on the organ , combined with the Hallelujah from the Messiah by Georg Friedrich Handel . Then Bruckner was invited to dinner at the Hotel Post . On August 2, 1890, Bruckner gave his own organ concert. He often visited his friend Attwenger. A plaque on the parish church commemorates Bruckner's stays. There is also an entry by Bruckner in the guest book of the Zauner confectionery .

Ischl was the summer residence of many other popular composers, above all Johann Strauss , Franz Lehár and Johannes Brahms , but other musicians from the turn of the century also regularly spent the summer here; many of them were also looking for proximity to the local court. This is how Ischl developed into a meeting place for artists of international renown during the time of the Danube Monarchy. Even today, operetta weeks are held every year during the summer months in the Kurhaus. Important writers like Mark Twain , Theodor Herzl and Franz Werfel also stayed in Ischl.

In 1906 Ischl was renamed Bad Ischl .

On July 28, 1914, Emperor Franz Joseph wrote the Manifesto To My Peoples in the Imperial Villa in Bad Ischl ! in which he declared war on the Kingdom of Serbia . This should be the beginning of the First World War .

After the end of the monarchy

In 1920 Bad Ischl was given the name of health resort by the state government .

After the July coup, the Nazi activists Franz Unterberger and Franz Saureis were arrested in Bad Ischl for possessing explosives. They were found guilty at the trial in the Vienna Regional Criminal Court , sentenced to death on August 20, 1934 , and executed . During the National Socialist era , they were honored with an honorary grave in the Bad Ischl cemetery .

In 1940 Bad Ischl was promoted to town .

From February to December 1942, there was a satellite camp of the Dachau concentration camp in Bad Ischl .

After the end of the Second World War in 1945, Bad Ischl belonged to the American zone of occupation in occupied post-war Austria . A DP camp was set up by the American military administration to accommodate so-called displaced persons . The camp was managed by UNRRA .

Population development


The city ​​council (city government) consists of nine members. The mayor, who is directly elected by the population, chairs the city council. The two vice mayors and the city councilors are elected by the municipal council, whereby the division of responsibilities is also determined by the municipal council.

  • The city council is composed as follows:
SPÖ : 5 mandates, ÖVP : 2 mandates, FPÖ : 2 mandates.
  • The municipal council is composed as follows (as of 2015):
SPÖ 18 mandates, ÖVP 8 mandates, FPÖ 8 mandates, Greens 3 mandates.
  • 2007–2019: Hannes Heide (SPÖ)
  • since 2020: Ines Schiller (SPÖ)

On December 11, 2019, Hannes Heide announced his retirement as mayor at the end of 2019. On January 2, 2020, the municipal council elected his partner, Ines Schiller, as his successor.

Town twinning

coat of arms

Blazon: In gold a black three-mountain, on the middle and rear crest of which a black chamois stands; on the front an ash tree with green leaves. The community colors are black-gold-green.

Ischl was given the market coat of arms in the 15th century by Emperor Friedrich III. awarded. Since the original document was destroyed in a fire in 1490, the coat of arms of Emperor Maximilian I was confirmed again in 1514.
The chamois suggests big game hunting in the nearby mountain areas and the tree is said to be reminiscent of the former large ash forest in the Ischler Valley.

Culture and sights

Bad Ischl City Museum
The Lehár villa at night

The townscape of Bad Ischl is characterized by buildings of historicism , especially from the Wilhelminian era . The city is also called "Imperial City" in memory of Emperor Franz Joseph. Bad Ischl is a member of the Association of Small historic towns .


  • Kaiservilla and Kaiserpark : former summer residence of Emperor Franz Joseph I.
  • Bad Ischl City Museum: in the former Hotel Austria
  • Lehár Villa : the former estate of Franz Lehár
  • Museum of Vehicle Technology and Aviation
  • Photo museum in the Marmorschlössl : the Marmorschlössl is the former tea house of Empress Sisi
  • Ischlerbahn open-air museum
  • Haenel Pancera Family Museum

Sacred buildings

Secular buildings

  • Former Hotel Elisabeth (formerly Hotel Tallachini ): opened in 1844
  • former Hotel Post :
  • former brewhouse or pancake house ( Kolowrat brewhouse ): built in 1834
  • Kongress & Theaterhaus : built 1873–1875
  • Lehár-Filmtheater ( Lehartheater )
  • New Kurhaus / Kurmittelhaus (today: Eurotherme Bad Ischl )
  • Plaßmühle (Niedermühle): first mentioned in a document in the 15th century, built between 1599 and 1607. Three-winged building with galleries. 1639 Free seat of Zacharias Plaß von Mühlleiten, after whom the Niedermühle has been named since then.
  • Bräu Griebl cellar house
  • Post office building: built in 1895
  • Sophiens Esplanade: built around 1830, extended in 1869
  • Trinkhalle : built by Franz Lössl from 1829 to 1831 , listed as a historical monument
  • Villa Seilern : built in 1881, owned by the teacher's health insurance fund, hotel operation
  • Villa Blumenthal : On the road to Lauffen, shown at the 1893 World's Fair in Chicago . The building made of American pitch pine was dismantled and rebuilt in 1895 by Oskar Blumenthal in Kaltenbachau. It is therefore also known as the “ancestor of the prefabricated house”.
  • Old Ischlerbahn Bridge: demolished in 2007

Other structures

Maximilian fountain on the Traun
Dr. Franz Wirer monument, 1839
Monument to Theodor Leschetizky on Leschetizky-Höhe


  • Franz Karl Fountain (1881)
  • Hasner Memorial (1893)
  • Kaiser hunting statue, unveiled in 1910, created by Georg Leisek (1869–1936)
  • Kaiser-Franz-Joseph-Kreuz, erected on the Katrin in 1910
  • Lehár monument (1958)
  • Leschetizky Monument
  • Maria Louisen Spring (1840)
  • Maximilian Fountain: Erected in 1868 in memory of Ferdinand Maximilian of Austria , the Emperor of Mexico who was executed in 1867
  • Onderdonk Fountain (1951)
  • Rudolfs Monument (1839)
  • Stelzhamer monument
  • Dr. Franz Wirer monument: (1839), founder of the first brine bath in Bad Ischl

Natural monuments

Regular events

  • Celebrations for the Emperor's Birthday: Every year on August 18, the birthday of Emperor Franz Joseph I is commemorated. The program includes an extensive parade of historical regiments from all over the former monarchy and a St. Mass in the parish church, which is filled to the last seat, in the presence of high-ranking representatives from politics and the church and members of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine . The imperial mass, which traditionally ends with the singing of the imperial hymn God receives , was celebrated in 2015 by the Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem , Fouad Twal .
    • Emperor's festival of the Bad Ischl Citizens' Chapel on the Esplanade: every 15 August
    • Emperor's stroll in the city center: on August 17th every year
    • Imperial mass in the parish church: on August 18th
    • Kaiserlauf : annually in September
  • The Liachtbratlmontag is a local holiday in Bad Ischl and has been listed as part of the intangible cultural heritage of Austria in the national register of UNESCO since 2011 .
  • Glöcklerlauf : every year on January 5th
    Glöckler in Ischl, 2006
  • Forest bird exhibition as part of the 2010 UNESCO cultural heritage Salzkammergut Vogelfang
  • Advent in Bad Ischl
  • Harvest Festival
  • Every Tuesday in summer, the Salinenmusikkapelle organizes ten spa concerts. These have been taking place for 125 years and are an integral part of the Ischl cultural calendar.
  • On the first Sunday of Advent there is an annual festival service dedicated to St. Barbara. This is musically framed by the saltworks band. The chapel then gives a morning drink of your choice.
  • International choir competition Bad Ischl
  • Lehár Festival Bad Ischl (Operetta Festival ), annually in summer
  • International Boogie 'n' Blues Festival Shake the Lake
  • All American Music Festival
  • Katrin mountain run

Other customs from the Bad Ischl region that are under UNESCO protection include: Salzkammergut Vogelfang , Ebenseer Glöcklerlauf and the Wirlinger Böllerschützen .


  • The literary magazine perspektiven was founded in 1977 as a school literature newspaper in Bad Ischl.
  • Heimatverein Bad Ischl : The association, which according to the association register is the Ischler Heimatverein (without “Bad”, abbreviated IHV) aims to research and maintain the homeland and its folk and customs; the recruitment of broad sections of the population for these tasks, the awakening of a deeper love of home, the addition of the relevant collections of the town of Bad Ischl, support (collaboration) and funding at the museum of the town of Bad Ischl, the implementation of exhibitions, events and lectures. The Heimatverein also issues regular publications and books (Heimatbuch, Friedhofsführer, Ischler monument guide) on the subject of Bad Ischl.
  • State exhibition 2008: The Salzkammergut was the title of the state exhibition that took place in 2008. 13 municipalities took part in this regional exhibition. These communities presented the Salzkammergut from all its attractive sides, as an economic region as well as a cultural region. Around 12.3 million euros flowed from the state's culture and tourism budget into the 2008 state exhibition project. Different focal points and accents could be seen in each participating municipality. People, myths, monarchs - this was the title of an exhibition in Bad Ischl's historic drinking hall.
  • State Garden Show 2015: The Emperor's New Gardens is the title of the Upper Austrian State Garden Show , which took place in Bad Ischl on an area of ​​20 hectares.
  • European Capital of Culture 2024: In 2019 Bad Ischl was chosen as European Capital of Culture in 2024, together with Tartu (Estonia) and Bodø (Norway).


Bad Ischl is a spa and tourism town with around 385,000 overnight stays per year. As a holiday region of Bad Ischl , the city and its surrounding communities are part of the Salzkammergut as a tourist concept.

Bad Ischl is also a school and shopping town with around 850 traders (small and medium-sized businesses).


City bus Bad Ischl


Bad Ischl is located on the Salzkammergut Railway, which was completed in 1877, between Attnang-Puchheim and Stainach-Irdning . The Bad Ischl Train Station is located downtown in the immediate vicinity of the spa.

From 1893 to 1957 there was also the narrow-gauge Salzkammergut local railway that connected Bad Ischl with Salzburg. The project of a mountain railway to the Hütteneckalm planned in 1889 was not realized.


Bad Ischl is on Salzkammergutstrasse B 145, which runs from Vöcklabruck to Trautenfels in Styria. The Wolfgangsee road B 158 connects Bad Ischl with Salzburg .


Many Postbus lines run through Bad Ischl, most of them end in Bad Ischl. This connects Bad Ischl with Salzburg, Gmunden, St. Wolfgang and Hallstatt. A city bus and a bus to the Katrin cable car go through Bad Ischl.


The Salzkammergut cycle path leads through Bad Ischl. The Weißenbachtal cycle path from Unterach am Attersee to the Salzkammergut cycle path in Mitterweißbach leads over 5.4 km through the municipality of Bad Ischl.


public safety

City Police and Federal Police

Bad Ischl is one of only seven municipalities in Upper Austria in which, in addition to the federal police, a city police is established. The police station of the Federal Police is in Linzer Straße (Roith district). The Bad Ischl City Police (officially: City Security Guard Bad Ischl ) is stationed in the town hall, there are 7 law enforcement officers . It was founded before 1900. The Bad Ischl City Police is an armed and uniformed municipal guard on the basis of Art. 15 , Art. 118 Para. 3 and Art. 118a of the Federal Constitutional Act .

Emergency services

In Bad Ischl there is an office of the Red Cross , local offices for mountain rescue and water rescue as well as a base for the Workers' Samaritan Association . The emergency vehicle (NEF) stationed at the Red Cross in Bad Ischl is responsible for the entire Inner Salzkammergut .

Fire brigades

In the municipal area (or in the compulsory area) of Bad Ischl there are five volunteer fire brigades: (HFW / FF Bad Ischl, FF Pfandl, FF Jainzen, FF Lauffen, FF Mitterweissenbach) and five fire stations (FW Ahorn-Kaltenbach, FW Reiterndorf, FW Perneck , FW Sulzbach and the FW Rettenbach-Hinterstein-Steinfeld). The Bad Ischl fire brigades have almost 1,000 members, around 660 of them active.

Salzkammergut Clinic

The foundation stone for the Empress Elisabeth Hospital planned by Viennese architect Hans Schimitzek was laid in the presence of Emperor Franz Joseph I on August 20, 1908. From 1947 the hospital was a state hospital (LKH Bad Ischl). The Bad Ischl, Gmunden and Vöcklabruck locations have been part of the Salzkammergut Clinic since 2014 .

Honorary citizen


Born in Bad Ischl

People with a relationship to the city


  • Josef H. Handlechner, Hannes Heide : Bad Ischl and the Ischlland . Verlag, 2008.
  • Dieter Neumann, Rudolf Lehr: Bad Ischl and the Habsburgs . Tourism association Bad Ischl, Bad Ischl 1992, ISBN 3-9500153-0-2 .
  • Wirer-Verein (Ed.): The Gschwandtner Chronicle . Traunspiegel Verlag, Bad Ischl 2008.
  • Leopold Schiendorfer: Perneck. A village through the ages . Self-published, 2006.
  • Stephen Sokoloff: Golden Paths. Cultural and natural treasures from the Traunsee to Bad Ischl . Neu-Media-GmbH, Neumarkt i. H. 2005, ISBN 3-200-00436-3 .
  • Friedrich Kienast: home book of the market Lauffen . Self-published, 2005.
  • Heimatverein Bad Ischl (Ed.): Bad Ischl, Heimatbuch 2004 . Rudolf Wimmer Publishing House, Bad Ischl 2004.
  • Heinrich Prochaska: Ischl's Chronicle. History of the bathing resort of Ischl from 1823 to 1923 . Verlag Rudolf Wimmer (new edition no year).
  • Georg J. Kranzler: Ischl's Chronicle . Rudolf Wimmer Verlag, 1881 (reprinted 1983).
  • Franz Karl Erb: Ischl's Chronicle. From the beginning to 1856 . Ed .: Ischler Wochen-Rundschau. Bad Ischl 1982.
  • Edwin Zellweker : Bad Ischl. Becoming-being-transformation . Vienna / Bad Ischl 1951.
  • Leo Kegele: The Salzkammergut and neighboring areas in words and pictures . Vienna / Pest / Leipzig 1898.


  • Bad Ischl - The invention of summer vacation. Documentary, Germany, 2011, 43 min., Script and director: Monika Kirschner, production: Tag / Traum, ZDF , arte, first broadcast: May 21, 2012 on arte, series: Kur Royal (1/5), film information from arte.

Web links

Commons : Bad Ischl  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Bad Ischl  - travel guide

Individual evidence

  1. Statistics Austria: Population on January 1st, 2020 by locality (area status on January 1st, 2020) , ( CSV )
  2. ^ Upper Austrian Provincial Archives (Ed.): Wildenstein Herrschaftsarchiv . Inventory. Linz 2003 ( [PDF]).
  3. G. J Chancellor, Franz Koch: History of the market and Curortes Ischl together with the surroundings of d. oldest times to z. Present. Self-published, Ischl 1881, OCLC 252078046 , p. 91 ( - Orig. Perg. Attached seal in wooden capsule, Inv.No. 1 Bad Ischl municipal archive, today Upper Austrian Provincial Archives: Document No. 1, Pentecost day after St. Gilgentag, September 5, 1392).
  4. G. J Chancellor, Franz Koch: History of the market and Curortes Ischl together with the surroundings of d. oldest times to z. Present. Self-published, Ischl 1881, p. 104 ( - Orig. Perg. Attached seal missing, Inv.No.5 Bad Ischl municipal archive, today Upper Austrian Provincial Archives: Document No. 5, Friday before Sunday Letare, March 14, 1466).
  5. ^ Elisabeth Mansfeld: Legal aspects of the persecution of heretics in the Archduchy of Austria in the reign of Charles VI . Dissertation. Ed .: University of Vienna. Vienna March 2008, II. The Austrian Hereditary Lands 2.2. The land above the Enns , S. 136–147 ( [PDF; 8.0 MB ]).
  6. Theodor Herzl memorial plaque. Retrieved June 15, 2020 .
  7. ^ Franz Joseph: To my peoples! Bad Ischl, July 28, 1914. (on Wikisource )
  8. , accessed on December 17, 2019
  9. a b c Schiller becomes the first woman mayor in Bad Ischl. In: Upper Austrian news . December 11, 2019, accessed December 11, 2019 .
  10. Bad Ischl: "Roter Kaiser" hands over to partner. ,, January 2, 2020, accessed on January 3, 2020.
  11. District circular: Bad Ischler municipal council - Sarajevo, cyclists, no parking etc.
  12. ^ Province of Upper Austria: Coat of arms of the Bad Ischl community
  13. Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem comes to Bad Ischl. Salzkammergut-Rundblick, August 13, 2015, accessed on February 12, 2016 .
  14. ^ Liachtbratlmontag on the website of the Bad Ischl City Museum
  15. Homepage ( Memento from June 27, 2010 in the Internet Archive )
  16. International choir competition in Bad Ischl with record number of participants ( Memento from June 8, 2012 in the Internet Archive )
  17. ↑ Governor Dr. Josef Pühringer: "Upper Austria celebrates its UNESCO folk culture treasures on June 13th and 14th, 2015 in St. Wolfgang". Office of the Upper Austrian Provincial Government , June 10, 2015, accessed on September 4, 2015 .
  18. Upper Austrian State Garden Show 2015 - "... the Emperor's New Gardens" on
  19. Bad Ischl will be European Capital of Culture in 2024 ., November 12, 2019.
  20. Bad Ischl im Salzkammergut to be European Capital of Culture 2024 , n-tv, November 12, 2019.
  21. Bad Ischl city police take stock. Bezirksrundschau Salzkammergut, March 1, 2016, accessed on February 2, 2020 .
  22. Bad Ischl City Police recently had a female police officer. Bezirksrundschau Salzkammergut, July 11, 2019, accessed on February 20, 2020 .
  23. ^ Ischler Heimatverein (ed.): Bad Ischl Heimatbuch 2004 . Rudolf Wimmer, Bad Ischl 2004, ISBN 3-900998-70-1 , p. 401 .
  24. The fire brigades in the town of Bad Ischl. Upper Austria. State Fire Brigade Association, March 1, 2019, accessed on February 2, 2020 .
  25. ^ Ischler Heimatverein (ed.): Bad Ischl Heimatbuch 2004 . Rudolf Wimmer, Bad Ischl 2004, ISBN 3-900998-70-1 , p. 450 .
  26. Wolfgang Matz in "Adalbert Stifter, All stories after the first prints", edited by Wolfgang Matz, dtv Munich 2005, page 1607
  27. ^ Famous artists visit Ischl. Bad Ischl City Office, accessed on July 24, 2013 .