Eberhard Clar

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Eberhard Clar (born July 23, 1904 in Graz , † December 7, 1995 in Bad Ischl ) was an Austrian geologist and university professor .


Clar studied natural history , physical education and geology at the University of Graz , where he received his doctorate in 1926. Afterwards he was assistant to Alexander Tornquist at the TH Graz , habilitated in applied geology and petrography in 1929 and extended his teaching license to geology and paleontology in 1936 . From 1939 he was an associate professor at the TH Graz, in 1944 he was appointed professor of geology as the successor to Josef Stini at the TH Vienna .

The appointment in 1939 was closely related to his political commitment, which Clar aligned with his career-political goals: Since 1919 a member of the German Gymnastics Association, he became a member of the Patriotic Front in the Austro-Fascist corporate state in 1937/38 . At the same time, however, he was also "illegal" and had been a member of the NSDAP since March 1933 ( membership number 1.628.952) and was also a member of the Pan-German Association . Clar belonged to the National Socialist German Lecturer Association in 1937/38, even before the "Anschluss" . After the regime change in 1938, Clar was head of the "District Office for Technology with the district administration of the NSBDT " in Graz-Land . The suitability report and the dean's assessment of the appointment in 1939 emphasized Clar's political commitment as a National Socialist and “impeccable fighter” since 1933.

During the Second World War , Clar was “employed as a geologist by the General Representative for Metal Ore Mining Southeast”.

After the war, Clar was a freelance construction geologist and consultant for mineral deposits at the Styrian Erzberg , from 1949 geologist at the iron ore mining Hüttenberg in Carinthia. In 1951 he became head of the newly established deposit research center at the Austrian Alpine Mining Society . In 1954 he was called to Vienna again, this time to the University of Vienna , where he stayed until his retirement in 1972. In 1968 he was elected a member of the Leopoldina .

Structure compass

The versatile geologist was a member of the Austrian reservoir commission and from 1957 to 1958 president of the Austrian Geological Society . His work includes numerous geological maps , including a. in the Graz Paleozoic and in the Großglockner area , as well as specialist articles on deposit and structural studies . In the course of the latter activity he developed the geological compass named after him , in which strike and fall are measured in one.


In 1965 he received an honorary doctorate from the Vienna University of Technology . In 1966 he received the Leopold von Buch badge . In 2009 the Clarplatz in Vienna- Hietzing (13th district) was named after him.


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. a b Vienna's street names since 1860 as “Political Places of Remembrance” (PDF; 4.4 MB), p. 281f, final research project report, Vienna, July 2013
  2. TU Wien: Honorary doctorates ( memento of the original from February 21, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. . Retrieved March 26, 2015. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.tuwien.ac.at