XIII. Viennese district
|coat of arms||map|
|Geographic location :|
|Residents:||54,040 (January 1, 2020)|
|Population density :||1433 inhabitants / km²|
|Postal code :||1130|
|Address of the
|Hietzinger Kai 1–3
|District Head :||Silke Kobald ( ÖVP )|
|A total of 40 seats|
|Map: Hietzing with parts of the district|
Hietzing [ ˈhɪtsɪŋ ] is the 13th district of Vienna . It is traditionally divided into six districts, which correspond to the earlier villages: Hietzing (also Alt-Hietzing ) in the north-east, Unter-St.-Veit in the north, Ober-St.-Veit in the north-west, Hacking in the west, Lainz (geographical center ) and Speising in the south. Until 1938 other former villages belonged to it: see Penzing , now 14th district. There was also the political district Hietzing-Umgebung , which included large parts of the western Vienna Woods (as far as Kirchstetten) and parts of the south near the city (Kaltenleutbaren to Vösendorf).
The district also includes parts of the Vienna Woods and the large Schönbrunn Palace Park , which connects to Hietzing towards the city (east). The summer residence of the Habsburgs led to the settlement of many aristocrats and high officials until 1900, which is why Althietzing, Lainz and St. Veit are still considered to be an elegant residential area. In the south, in the years after the First World War, new settlements such as the Auhofer Trennstück and the Friedensstadt were built on formerly wooded areas .
Due to its location in the west of Vienna, Hietzing is scenically and climatically in the transition area between the Alps and the Vienna Basin . With an area of 37.69 km² it is the third largest district in Vienna. Hietzing takes up 9.2% of the area of Vienna. The district, which borders the Wien River in the north , has large nature reserves. In the west there is a 22.6 km² portion of the Lainzer Tiergarten protected area ( Vienna Woods ). The publicly accessible but walled area takes up around 60% of the district area and includes numerous mountains and some Vienna Woods streams that flow into the Vienna or Liesing .
In addition to the Lainzer Tiergarten, a further 9.6% of the district area is made up of the Hietzing landscape protection area (parts of the Schönbrunn Palace Park and the protected pheasant garden biotope). With a green space share of around 72% of the district area, Hietzing is the “greenest” district in Vienna. The settlements are mainly concentrated in the eastern area around the old six town centers.
The Lainzer Tiergarten has the highest points of the district with the 518 meter high Dreihufeisenberg, over which the city limits to Laab im Walde runs, the neighboring 508 meter high Kaltbründlberg with the Hubertuswarte in the center of the Tiergarten area and the 500 meter high Hornauskogel to the northwest .
The Hagenberg is significantly lower at 406 meters, further south of it is the "Wiener Blick", a large storage meadow, on the eastern slope of which you can see a long distance to Slovakia 60 km away and, on clear days, beyond. There are also several mountains with heights of 250 to 300 meters in the built-up district area. The Küniglberg became a synonym for the state broadcaster ORF , on the Rosenhügel were the formerly known Rosenhügel film studios and there is a large water reservoir , on the Red Mountain there is a recreation area and sites with flint stones from the Stone Age .
In several places in the west of Hietzing, volcanic rock was discovered during construction work below the earth's surface. The activity of the volcanoes is estimated to be around 12 million years old.
See also: List of the mountains of Vienna
Hietzing has a large number of unspoilt Wienerwald streams in the Lainzer Tiergarten , most of which flow into the Wien River . The longest stream with the largest catchment area is the Rotwassergraben with a length of around seven kilometers, which has a feeder around three kilometers long with the Glasgraben . To the west of the Rotwassergraben lies the Grünauer Bach with its eastern tributary, the Schallautzergraben . The most important body of water is the Lainzerbach . It takes up the Vösendorfer Graben on the pond meadow and forms the Hohenauer pond there. The Katzengraben also flows into the Lainzerbach at the Lainzer Tor . From Ebersberggasse, the Lainzerbach is designed as a brook canal , originally it led over Lainzer Straße to Vienna. Other smaller streams in the east of the Lainzer Tiergarten were also partially canalized, including the Lackenbach , Marienbach , Veitlissengraben , Wlassakgraben and Hirschenbach . The Gütenbach also rises with its tributaries in Hietzing, but flows into the Liesing Empire in Liesing . Parts of the Auhof retention basin on the Wien River are also located in Hietzing.
Neighboring districts and municipalities
The northern district border from Hietzing to Penzing (14th district) has been running essentially along the right bank of the Vienna since 1938 . Only a small area of Penzing north-west of Hietzing ( Weidlingau and Auhof ) and an area around the Nikolaisteg lie south of Vienna on the same side as the 13th district. In the northeast, Hietzing an der Wien also borders the 15th district ( Rudolfsheim-Fünfhaus ). The eastern district border separates Hietzing and Schönbrunn Palace Park from the 12th district ( Meidling ) along the line Grünbergstraße - Gaßmannstraße - Am Fasangarten - Elisabethallee - Klimtgasse - Hetzendorfer Straße - Atzgersdorfer Straße.
At Rose Hill , the southern boundary of the 23rd District (starts Liesing ); it runs along Atzgersdorfer Strasse, around the Rosenhügel (water reservoir of the 1st high spring water pipeline, Rosenhügel Neurological Center) to Speisinger Strasse (from Rosenhügel to 1938 city limits). From there, the city limits ran through Linienamtsgasse, leaving the Friedensstadt and Hörndlwald outside Vienna, to the eastern wall of the Lainzer Tiergarten and this northwards to the Wiental. Since 1938 Friedensstadt and Hörndlwald as well as the Auhofer Trennstück and other settlements in the south up to Wittgensteinstrasse and the eastern Tiergarten wall belong to the 13th district, since 1956 also the Tiergarten itself, whose western wall now largely forms the district and city limits. Hietzing borders Lower Austria in the southwest and west . Neighboring communities have been Breitenfurt near Vienna , Laab im Walde and Purkersdorf since 1954 .
Hietzing has been formed since 1938 from the six independent municipalities of Hietzing , Unter-St.-Veit , Ober-St.-Veit , Hacking , Lainz and Speising , which were independent until 1890/1892 , and on October 15, 1938, the Lower Austrian settlements Friedensstadt , Auhofer Trennstück settlement and neighboring settlements to the west ; Wittgensteinstrasse became the new southern district boundary. In 1956 the Lainzer Tiergarten with a small foreland strip in the Wiental was transferred from the 23rd district to the 13th district.
The district is now divided into nine cadastral communities . Six of the cadastral parishes essentially correspond to the former parish areas. Rosenberg and Schönbrunn form their own cadastral communities. In addition, the cadastral municipality of Auhof has been in existence since 1956 , which occupies the entire west of the district and essentially includes the Lainzer Tiergarten in its former extent. A small part of the cadastral communities of Hütteldorf and Unterbaumgarten (14th district) are also in the Hietzingen area.
There is also a breakdown of the district area into the counting districts of the official statistics, in which the counting areas of the municipality are summarized. The eleven counting districts in Hietzing are Schönbrunn, Hietzing, Auhofstrasse, Ober-St.-Veit, Gemeindeberg-Jagdschloßgasse, Lainz, Maxing, Speising, Lainz nursing home (today: Geriatric Center Am Wienerwald), Lainzer Tiergarten and Friedensstadt. In spite of the fact that some names are identical, the boundaries of the census districts do not match those of the cadastral communities.
The building area of Hietzing covers only 21.5% (Vienna-wide 33.3%) of the district area, whereby this is the second-lowest value of a Viennese municipality district. 78.7% of the building area itself is divided into residential areas and 16.5% onto areas dedicated to cultural, religious, sporting or public purposes. This relatively high value contrasts with a very low proportion of industrial space for a Viennese municipality (4.3% of the building area).
In Hietzing, green spaces make up 71.7%. This is the highest value in Vienna, with the largest area being taken up by the Lainzer Tiergarten . 73.4% of the green space is accounted for by forest, another 15.5% of the green space is meadows. 6.3% parks, 2.5% allotments. Agricultural areas (1.5%) and leisure areas (0.8%) only take up a small proportion of the green area.
In Hietzing, water bodies take up an area of 0.8% (Vienna Woods brooks in the Lainzer Tiergarten), the share of traffic areas in the district area is the lowest value in Vienna at 6.0%.
|Construction area||Green space||Waters||Traffic areas|
|Housing||Service area||public facilities||Agriculture||Parks||Woods||grasslands||Allotments||Leisure areas|
The proportion of the populated area (total area without forests, meadows, parks, agriculture, bodies of water) is 1,475.94 ha.
From the village to the suburb of Vienna
The name Hietzing is derived from "Hiezo" or "Hezzo" (short for "Heinrich"). The first documentary mention comes from the year 1130. Since 1253 the Klosterneuburg monastery has appeared as the landlord. The oldest properties were in the Altgasse area, to the north of it (towards the Wien River) there were cattle pastures, to the south a few fields and extensive vineyards. In the vicinity of the Küniglberg and around the area of today's Hietzinger Friedhof there was also a quarry as well as sand and gravel pits, the material of which was still used in the construction of Schönbrunn Palace.
Before the first Turkish siege (1529), Hietzing was an up-and-coming wine-growing town. After the heavy destruction, the place recovered quickly. In the middle of the 17th century, the conversion of the vineyards into arable land began. The growing popularity of the pilgrimage site “Maria Hietzing” required the expansion of pastoral care. The canon house and the community inn were built where pilgrims could stay overnight.
The second Turkish siege (1683) devastated the place and the remaining vineyards. The place was almost depopulated and resettlement was slow. The construction of Schönbrunn Palace, which was built on the site of the Katterburg , which was destroyed in 1683 , finally brought about the great upswing of the village of Hietzing at that time. The proximity of the imperial court brought with it a lot of construction activity, after all, it was necessary to create quarters for nobles and officials. The rapid increase in the number of houses in the late 18th and early 19th centuries changed the structure of the place. The newly built houses were inhabited by people of high social standing who spent the summer in Hietzing. This influx increased the earning potential of the villagers and shapes the image of Hietzing up to our day.
During the Biedermeier period , the Dommayer's Casino entertainment establishment, which went down in music history and is linked to the Strauss dynasty, was built in 1832 in Alt-Hietzing ( the roaring waltzes in the ear, [...] that is how it comes from the Dommayer z'haus , a song said) which was particularly popular until the 1850s and attracted celebrities. From 1861 on, the much larger “Neue Welt” amusement area between Lainzer Strasse and Hietzinger Hauptstrasse was successful for around 15 years.
In 1860, today's district area was reached by the first modern means of transport: the connecting train with stops in St. Veit, Lainz and Speising. The railway ran through a very sparsely populated area at the time. In 1872 Franz Grillparzer was buried in the Hietzingen cemetery . In 1883 the steam tramway from Alt-Hietzing through Lainzer Strasse southwards began operations; In 1887 a branch line to Ober-St.-Veit was added.
In the second half of the 19th century, Alt-Hietzing and Lainz in particular developed into popular residential areas for wealthy Viennese, initially for seasonal stays, and soon for permanent residences due to their proximity to Schönbrunn Palace , the imperial summer residence. This later also applied to Unter- and Ober-St.-Veit and Speising.
Historically speaking, Hietzinger Hauptstrasse consists of two sections: The section in Alt-Hietzing from today's Kennedy Bridge to today's Anna-Strauss-Platz has long been called Hauptstrasse. Then Maria Theresia had an almost dead straight avenue built to (Ober) St. Veit when she owned the St. Veit Castle. This avenue was called St. Veiter Gasse or Straße in the open field, in (Ober) St. Veit Theresiengasse or Maria-Theresien-Straße. In 1894 the street was given the uniform name Hietzinger Hauptstraße.
From the incorporation until 1938
1890/1892 today were parts of the district (without the Lainzer Tiergarten and other 1,938 unincorporated areas such as the settlement Auhofer separator ) and the north of the river Wien The Vienna suburbs Penzing , Breitensee , Baumgarten and Hütteldorf to Vienna incorporated and 13th district named Hietzing summarized. It was one of the largest four of the then 19 districts. In 1894, the responsible municipal council committee had to change numerous street names in the new district, as they had been assigned several times in the previous suburbs of Vienna (such as Bergstrasse, Brunngasse, Mayergasse and Wiener Strasse).
In 1898 the Obere Wientallinie of the Viennese steam light rail reached Hietzing. It was replaced in 1925 by the Wiener Elektro Stadtbahn , which in turn was replaced by the U4 underground line in 1981 . From 1907 the district was connected to the city center by the electric tram line 54, which drove from the city center through Mariahilfer Strasse to Alt-Hietzing; the steam tramway lines from there to the west of the district, to Ober-St.-Veit, and to the south via the Speising district to Mauer (now 23rd district) and Mödling, both in Lower Austria at the time, were gradually switched to electrical operation from 1908 onwards changed over (lines 58, 59 and 60).
Under Mayor Karl Lueger, the City of Vienna had the 31-building “care home” built in the Lainz district in 1902–1904, later referred to as an old people's home, then as the Lainz nursing home, then as the Geriatric Center Am Wienerwald ; it was closed in 2015. (The tram line 62 has been going there since 1915.) In 1912, the Rothschild Foundation opened a neurological hospital in the Speising district, which today again bears this name ; The area was separated from the community of Mauer in 1908 and incorporated into Vienna.
In 1912/1913 the city administration built a large office building near today's Kennedybrücke , in which the district heads and representatives of the 13th and 14th district had their seat until 2016; then the political offices of the 14th district were relocated to these. The municipal district office for the 13th and 14th district is still in Hietzing. The Speising depot for the municipal trams was opened on Hetzendorfer Straße in 1914.
Two residents of Hietzing who are well known to this day during the reign of Emperor Franz Joseph I were Johann Strauss' son , the “Waltz King”, and Katharina Schratt , confidante of the emperor. The emperor himself lived and worked all year round in the last years of his life in Schönbrunn and thus in the district and died here in 1916. In 1918 the later famous painter Egon Schiele died in the 13th district and was buried in the Ober-St.-Veiter cemetery . In the same year Otto Wagner , Gustav Klimt (who had his last studio in Unter-St.-Veit in Feldmühlgasse) and Koloman Moser also died ; they are buried in the Hietzingen cemetery.
From the interwar period ( Red Vienna until 1934 and "corporate state" ) are the built in 1923/1924 by the Government in Speising settlement Hermes Wiese, who in 1928 built public housing Speisinger Straße 84-98, 1932, completed Werkbundsiedlung Vienna , which from 1928 to 1932 by the city council Lockerwiese settlement built in Lainz , the row houses on Franz-Schalk-Platz built by the workers' accident insurance company on the northern slope of Küniglberg in 1930–1932 , and the settlements in Lower Austria on former zoo grounds in 1938 were remarkable. The coffin of Federal Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss was transferred in 1938 by the Nazi dictatorship from the Christkönigskirche in the 15th district (1934–1938 Seipel-Dollfuss Memorial Church ) to the Hietzingen cemetery and buried here.
1938 and the aftermath
From March 12, 1938, the Jewish Viennese living in the district, as in the whole of the “Ostmark”, were initially spontaneously disenfranchised, expropriated and expelled or murdered by the mob, a little later organized in a bureaucratic manner. Their villas were "Aryanized" ; for example the villa of the Blaimschein family at the corner of Lainzer Strasse / Wenzgasse 2, which was made available to State Chancellor Karl Renner in April 1945 as the first residence in Vienna by the Red Army and which today houses the Iranian embassy in Vienna, the domicile of the publisher Gottfried Bermann Fischer ( S. Fischer Verlag ) in Wattmanngasse 11 and the houses of textile manufacturer Bernhard Altmann in Kopfgasse 1 and Pacassistraße 4. 18 former students and three Jewish professors from the girls' high school in Wenzgasse , founded in 1904, were deported and murdered. In total, around 300 Jewish residents of the district did not experience the liberation in 1945. The regime also persecuted non-Jewish opponents such as B. Hedy Urach and Stefanie Kunke .
The district area north of Vienna, 1,174 hectares, was declared the new 14th district during the Nazi territorial reform of October 15, 1938 (see Greater Vienna ), after this district number had become free through the merging of Rudolfsheim and Fünfhaus to form the 15th district . As a result, Hietzing lost 94,000 of its 140,000 inhabitants in 1934. By the local government reform in the previously arrived Lower Austria situated settlements on former Lainz garden of the district to Hietzing in the south. The municipal district office for the 13th and 14th district is still in Hietzing today. In the course of the November pogroms of 1938 , the Hietzingen synagogue , which was only completed in 1931, at the corner of Eitelbergergasse and Neue Welt-Gasse, was destroyed by arson and the ruins were subsequently torn down.
In 1938/1939 the Nazi regime continued the construction of barracks that had begun in the Fasangarten behind the Schönbrunn palace gardens and built an SS barracks. Today it is used by the armed forces under the name Maria-Theresien-Kaserne or Fasangartenkaserne. In 1940 the confidante of Emperor Franz Joseph, Katharina Schratt , was buried in the Hietzingen cemetery. During the Second World War, the 13th district suffered significantly less bomb damage than other districts, as there were no noteworthy industrial companies or large railway systems here; the SS barracks were, however, bombed, as Senta Berger , who grew up in Lainz, recalled in her memoir.
During the "occupation", when Vienna was occupied by the four Allied powers from autumn 1945 to autumn 1955 after the conquest by the Red Army in April, the 13th district (excluding the settlements incorporated in 1938 and excluding the Lainzer Tiergarten) belonged to the Soviets occupied ) to the British sector . Ceremonial appearances by the British Army took place in the courtyard of Schönbrunn Palace. In 1952, key scenes of the Austrian feature film “ April 1, 2000 ” (director: Wolfgang Liebeneiner) were filmed there, in which the Austrian government is concerned with finally getting rid of the occupying powers in 2000. In the film, a spaceship lands in the main courtyard, watched by thousands of people.
The Lainzer Tiergarten , which became part of the new 25th district as a result of the regional reform in Greater Vienna in 1938 and was assigned to the new 23rd district, Liesing , in 1954 , was not incorporated into Hietzing until 1956, which greatly increased the area's area; until then it belonged to the Liesing district . Of the 3,771.5 ha of today's district area, the part of the zoo in Vienna takes up 2,360 ha.
Since the late 1960s, ORF has been operating the ORF Center Küniglberg , designed by Roland Rainer and completed in 1975, which houses central TV and radio studios as well as the management and administration of the state broadcasting corporation. Since then, the name of the inconspicuous hill in the 13th district has been ubiquitous in the Austrian media discussion as a synonym for ORF.
In 1997 there was a slight change in the border to the municipality of Liesing on the Rosenhügel in the Bertégasse and Wastlgasse area, which mainly affected an allotment garden.
Today's district area of Hietzing comprised only 9,808 inhabitants in 1869. Due to the low population density at that time, Hietzing was one of the few districts that could almost exclusively record continuous population growth. By the start of the First World War, the population had more than tripled to 34,883 in 1910, after which growth slowed. In 1971 the district reached the highest population with 57,068 people. After that, the population stagnated and gradually declined until the turn of the millennium. From 2001 the population began to grow again in line with the Vienna-wide trend. At the beginning of 2015 the population was 52,085 people. With a nominal population density of 1,382 inhabitants / km², Hietzing is theoretically the most sparsely populated district in Vienna. In relation to the populated district area (14.76 km², see land use), however, the settlement density is 3,465 inhabitants / km² (2011).
The average age of the Hietzingen population in 2001 was much higher than the average in Vienna. The basis for this is the high density of retirement homes, the large nursing home in Lainz ( Geriatric Center Am Wienerwald ) and a very low proportion of foreigners. The number of children under 15 years of age was 13.0%, only slightly below the Vienna average of 14.7%, while the proportion of the population between 15 and 59 years of age was strong at 56.8% (Vienna: 63.6%) below average. The proportion of people aged 60 or over was 30.2% in 2001 (Vienna: 21.7%), the highest in all of Vienna. Due to the high proportion of older people, the excess of women in Hietzing was also the largest in Vienna in 2001: 44.3% men compared with 55.7% women. The number of married Hietzingers with a share of 42.8% compared to 41.2% was slightly above the average in Vienna.
Origin and language
The proportion of foreign residents in the district was 10.4% in 2005 (Vienna: 18.7%) and, as in all of Vienna, shows a strong upward trend compared to 2001 (7.9%). The highest proportion of foreigners in 2005 was made up of around 2.1% of the district's population by citizens from Germany . Hietzing was the only district besides the inner city in which Germans had the highest proportion of foreigners. Another 1.4% were citizens of Serbia and Montenegro , 0.7% were Polish , 0.5% Turkish and 0.4% Slovak citizens. In 2001, 16.3% of the Hietzingen population were not born in Austria. 1.9% spoke Serbian as the colloquial language , 0.5% Turkish and 1.0% Croatian .
The distribution of religious beliefs among the population in the 13th district in 2001 differed greatly from the average in Vienna. At 57.7%, the proportion of residents with a Roman Catholic faith (Vienna: 49.2%) was the highest of all Vienna districts. There are eight Roman Catholic parishes in the district, which make up City Deanery 13 . The proportion of people with evangelical confession also reached 7.4%, the highest value in any district of Vienna. In contrast, the proportion of people with other denominations was very low; 1.7% professed Islam , 2.1% Orthodoxy . 24.5% stated that they did not belong to any religious community, another 6.6% had given no information or stated another religious denomination.
|District chairman since 1945|
|Hans Mayer ( KPÖ )||4 / 1945–7 / 1945|
|Anton Figl ( SPÖ )||7 / 1945-1946|
|Josef Cudlin ( ÖVP )||1946-1950|
|Otmar Hassenberger ( ÖVP )||1950-1953|
|Ernst Florian ( ÖVP )||1953-1959|
|Josef Fischer ( SPÖ )||1959-1964|
|Josef Gerstbach ( ÖVP )||1964-1969|
|Eduard Popp ( SPÖ )||1969-1976|
|Eugen Gutmannsbauer ( SPÖ )||1976-1988|
|Elfriede Bischof ( ÖVP )||1978-1990|
|Heinrich Gerstbach ( ÖVP )||1990-2013|
|Silke Kobald ( ÖVP )||2013-|
The role of the party with the strongest votes and thus the claim to the district chairman was long contested between the SPÖ and the ÖVP : the traditional, conservatively oriented villa districts faced many “community buildings” and the large Lainz nursing home, both with predominantly social democratic voters. In the post-war period, the ÖVP initially provided the district chairman from 1946 to 1959. After that, the ÖVP and SPÖ alternated as the party with the most votes. From 1978 the ÖVP succeeded in expanding its position as the strongest parliamentary group; she was able to hold this position to this day. While the ÖVP has achieved relatively stable election results since 1991, the SPÖ slipped to a low point in 1996, from which the FPÖ and the Liberal Forum in particular benefited. In 2001 it was mainly the Greens who won the district council election . After a short break, the SPÖ's series of defeats continued again in 2010, the ÖVP and the Greens also lost votes that year, and gains went to the FPÖ, BZÖ and LIF . In 2015, the ÖVP became the strongest party by a clear margin, making Hietzing one of only four districts in Vienna in which the party has a majority. The liberal NEOS won more than 6% of the vote from scratch.
|year||SPÖ||ÖVP||FPÖ||Green||LIF / NEOS||BZÖ||Others|
coat of arms
The Hietzingen district coat of arms consists of five parts: Hietzing (center), Hacking (top left), Sankt Veit (top right), Speising (bottom left), Lainz (bottom right). In the treetop you can find the Mother of God with the baby Jesus in a golden cross, flanked by two angels. Four farmers are praying under the tree.
There is a legend from which the origin of the Mother of God in the coat of arms, but also the origin of the name Hietzing can be derived. During the 2nd Turkish siege (1683) Hietzing was still a small village. When the Turks approached, the Hietzingers hid a valuable statue of the Virgin Mary from their parish church in the crown of a large oak tree and then sought refuge in the nearby Vienna Woods. One day four young farmers dared to leave their hiding place in the deserted place, where they were promptly captured by a Turkish patrol and tied to a tree - just to the tree in which the statue of the Virgin was hidden. The four unfortunates then began to pray to the Mother of God, whereupon the chains fell from them and a voice could be heard from the tree with the words "Hiatz tight!" (Beware!). Out of gratitude for the salvation of the four men, the place was then named after these admonishing words of the Mother of God - in the course of time this changed to the name Hietzing.
Culture and sights
- Schönbrunn Palace : Here you walk through the imperial apartments. The Wagenburg (branch of the Kunsthistorisches Museum ), a collection of over 100 wagons, sledges, sedan chairs and loungers with accompanying harness and riding gear, which were used by the imperial court, is located in an adjoining building . The attached, not publicly accessible clothing depot goes back to the livery cloakroom of the Oberststallmeisteramt and is one of the world's most important collections of court clothing from the 19th and early 20th centuries. In the palace gardens, the Palm House , the Gloriette and the oldest existing zoo in the world, the Schönbrunn Zoo , are worth seeing.
In the old town center of Hietzing:
- Parish church Maria Hietzing
- District Museum Hietzing (right next to the church)
- Café Dommayer
- Hietzinger Friedhof (with the graves of Franz Grillparzer , Otto Wagner , Gustav Klimt , Franz Conrad von Hötzendorf , Engelbert Dollfuß , Rudolf Prack , Heinz Conrads )
In the whole district:
- various single and multi-family houses which are special for architectural and / or historical reasons (especially "Hietzinger Villenviertel", see also Adolf Loos , Josef Plecnik , Josef Frank )
- Klimt Villa
- Otto Wagner : U-Bahn stations Schönbrunn, Ober-St.-Veit
- Otto Wagner : Stadtbahn-Hofpavillon Hietzing : The waiting room of the Vienna Stadtbahn served the emperor and his guests as a boarding and disembarking point for the train.
- Werkbundsiedlung Vienna
- ORF center Küniglberg
- Speising depot
- 2015 closed geriatric center in the Vienna Woods (former Lainz care home )
- Archbishop's Castle of Ober-St.-Veit
- Baroque church of Ober-St.-Veit
- Evangelical Peace Church
- Otto Wagner jun .: Villa Schmeidler (1901/02), Schlossberggasse
- Lainzer Tiergarten
- Hermesvilla : The original furnishings for Empress Elisabeth are of particular interest here. The Wien Museum also hosts regular exhibitions .
Hietzing in literature
Hietzing was mentioned again and again in fiction , including in the following works:
- Leo Perutz : The mango tree miracle. An implausible story, first edition Munich 1916 together with Paul Frank, new edition Munich 1998. The doctor Dr. Kircheisen is called to a patient in a villa in Hietzing and subsequently gets into a series of adventures
- Franz Werfel : A pale blue women's font , 1941. The Villa Paradini is in Hietzing, where the main character Leonidas Tachezi lives with his wife Amelie Paradini (made into a film by Axel Corti ).
- Arno Geiger : We're fine , 2005 (Philipp Erlach clears out his late grandmother's Hietzingen villa; bestseller)
The U4 underground line has five stations in Hietzing along the Wien River on the border with Penzing. These are - from west to east - the stations Ober-St.-Veit , Unter-St.-Veit , Braunschweiggasse , Hietzing and Schönbrunn . In particular, the Hietzing station on the Kennedy Bridge is an important traffic junction for the tram and bus routes that open up the district. The connecting line, which connects the western and southern lines , also runs through the 13th district . In addition to goods traffic, there is also S-Bahn traffic with a station in Speising. The Lainzer Tunnel is a 12.8 km long rail tunnel, completed at the end of 2012, which crosses the municipality and relieves the connecting railway. Since December 2015, all ÖBB long-distance traffic on the Westbahn has been routed through the Lainzer Tunnel to the new central station in the 10th district instead of to the Westbahnhof .
In the north-west of Hietzing there is a short section of the western motorway along the wall of the Lainzer Tiergarten . The western entrance to Vienna on the B1 runs parallel to the Wien River for long stretches.
In Hietzing there are general higher schools well-known beyond the district ( Gymnasium Wenzgasse , Gymnasium Fichtnergasse ), vocational higher schools (Higher Commercial Federal School for Tourism, Bergheidengasse; Higher Federal School for Economic Professions, Bergheidengasse; Higher Federal Teaching and Research Institute for Horticulture , Schönbrunn ) and private schools ( Dominican convent , Steinerschule, etc.) as well as the college for agricultural and environmental education . The Hietzing Adult Education Center was founded in 1947.
- Lothar Abel (1841–1896), architect (including Palais Chotek, Vienna)
- Paul Amann (1884–1958), writer and translator
- Thomas Brezina (1963), author
- Elias Canetti (1905–1994), writer and Nobel Prize winner
- Helene von Druskowitz (1856–1918), philosopher
- Heinz Fischer (* 1938), Austrian Federal President 2004–2016
- Hilda Fonovits (1893–1954), radium researcher
- Johann Heinrich Jta (1850? –1915), kuk court hat manufacturer
- Nico Langmann (* 1997), wheelchair tennis player
- Andreas Ferdinand Mayr (1693–1764), violin and lute maker
- Jacob (Jacques) Mislin (1807–1878), Roman Catholic theologian, teacher, abbot and prelate
- Hans Moser (1880–1964), popular actor
- Karl Münichreiter (1891–1934), freedom fighter
- Wolfgang Schüssel (* 1945), former Austrian Federal Chancellor
- Erwin Strahl (1929–2011), actor
- Hedy Urach (1910–1943), resistance fighter
- Wilhelm (1806–1884), Duke of Braunschweig, honorary citizen of Hietzing
- Habikino , since 1995
- Felix Czeike : Viennese district culture guide: XIII. Hietzing . Jugend und Volk, Vienna 1982, ISBN 3-224-10555-0 .
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- Michael Kraßnitzer: Resistance in Hietzing. The fight for freedom 1934–1938 and 1938–1945 using the example of a Viennese district . Ed. Adult Education Center, Vienna 2004, ISBN 3-900799-58-X .
- Carola Leitner (Ed.): Hietzing: Vienna's 13th district in old photographs . Ueberreuter, Vienna 2006, ISBN 3-8000-7205-X .
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- District council elections 2015
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