XXIII. Viennese district
|coat of arms||map|
|Geographic location :|
|Residents:||110,464 (January 1, 2020)|
|Population density :||3450 inhabitants / km²|
|Postal code :||1230|
|Address of the
|Perchtoldsdorfer Straße 2
|District Head :||Gerald Bischof ( SPÖ )|
|A total of 60 seats|
|Map: Liesing with parts of the district|
Liesing is the 23rd district of Vienna . It was created in 1938 as the 25th district of Vienna through the amalgamation of several previously independent communities and has existed in its current, reduced form since 1954/56.
Liesing is located in the south-west of Vienna and, with an area of 32.29 km², is the fifth largest municipality. With a share of 7.7 percent of the total area of the city, Liesing comprises the banks of the Liesingbach from the Vienna Woods in the west to the Vienna Basin in the east. Extensive housing estates were built between the old town centers and numerous industrial companies were established.
There are three geological regions in Liesing that comprise parts of the Vienna Woods and the Vienna Basin . In the southwest of the district are the steep and rugged cliffs of the Northern Limestone Alps (Kalksteinwienerwald), which extend to the north of the Dorotheer Forest and in the east to the south of the Antonshöhe . The limestone zone in Liesing is divided into two sections. The hill of the Leopoldsdorf Forest consists of main dolomite , a rock form that stretches in the direction of Kalksburg to Himmelwiese. A wide strip of Allgäu layers extends north of the Dolomite zone . Quarries were also operated north of Kaltenleutgebner Strasse along the valley flank, which consisted of limestone , marl and sandstone , and supplied lime for the construction industry.
In the north, the limestone zone is followed by the gentle hills of the flysch zone (sandstone Viennese forest ). In the course of the folding of the Alps, several layers of rock (ceilings) were pushed one on top of the other, consisting of sandstone, marl and limestone marl. Inserted into it is the limestone cliff of the Antonshöhe, which no longer belongs to the limestone zone, but was carved up from the depths, where radiolarite was mined for flint blades in a Neolithic mining operation (see Red Mountain ). The Laaber and Kahlenberger nappes of the flysch zone, which are relevant for Liesing, are relics of a deep sea channel that stretched between the rising Alpine front and the Bohemian mass during the Cretaceous and early Tertiary periods .
In the final phase of the formation of the Alps during the Miocene , the seabed subsided, creating the Vienna Basin. Today this is essentially east of the tree line. Gravel , sand and sandstone characterize this part of the district. In Atzgersdorf (west of Gatterederstraße) the "Atzgersdorfer Kalkstein", which comes from the Sarmatian , has been mined for centuries . In the area of Liesing, Tegel was deposited during the Miocene and Pliocene .
The formative body of water for Liesing has always been the Liesingbach . The "Reiche Liesing" flows from the west through Kalksburg, where it initially includes the Grenzgraben , the Klausgraben and the Gütenbach . The latter drains parts of the Lainzer Tiergarten and has the Kaisergraben as an important feeder. In Kalksburg, the Kalksburger Graben flows underground into the Liesing Empire, before it merges with the “Dürren Liesing” to form the “Liesing” in Rodaun . The hard construction of the Liesing was replaced by renaturation in some areas .
The Knotzenbach , the Lindgrabenbach and the Asenbauergraben arise on the heights of the Maurer Wald and are fed into stream channels that flow underground into the Liesingbach. With the Altmannsdorfer Graben , a Liesingbach feeder runs openly through the Inzersdorf district . The Petersbach , which rises in Perchtoldsdorf and flows into the Schwechat in Maria-Lanzendorf, flows through the Siebenhirten district .
The poplar pond in the Maurer Forest is a popular destination. Not publicly accessible standing waters are the Schellensee in Siebenhirten as well as the Schlosssee, the Steinsee and an unnamed pond at the Trentinigasse in Inzersdorf. These are brick ponds that are used as bathing ponds today .
The highest elevations are in the west of the municipality, with the Eichkogel at Height in the extreme southwest marks the highest point of the district area. North of the Reichen Liesing are the second and third highest elevations in the district: the Tschogel (an elevation south of the Gütenbach , ) and the Wilde Berg ( ). To the east, the height of the hills on the district area drops. During the Kroissberg ( ), the Kadoltsberg and Neuberg house the remains of the former extensive viticulture, is located on the intermediate George Berg ( ) the Wotrubakirche . In the north of Liesing is the southern slope of the Rosenhügels ( ), the northern part of which is in the districts of Hietzing and Meidling . The Steinberg ( ) rises between the old town centers of Mauer and Atzgersdorf . Further to the east, Liesing borders the Wienerberg in the district of Favoriten . The lowest point in the district ( ) marks the Liesingbach bed in the Blumental on the border to Favoriten.
|Size of the district parts|
|Seven Shepherds||251.22 hectares|
Liesing was formed from eight formerly independent communities, which continue to exist today as Vienna cadastral communities . To the east are today's Inzersdorf district, which is characterized by industrial areas, and five hectares of the Inzersdorf-Stadt cadastral community , which used to be part of Inzersdorf. To the west of this is Erlaa , which is best known today for the Alt-Erlaa residential park , a large residential complex north of the old village center. The Siebenhirten to the south is also mainly used as a residential area. To the west of Siebenhirten is the eponymous district of Liesing , in the old town center of which is the Liesing administrative building with the municipal district office. To the north of Liesing is Atzgersdorf , which is a mixture of loosely built-up residential areas and commercial areas along the route of the Südbahn , but offers few open green spaces. In the north-west of the district lies the large part of the Mauer district , which, in addition to loosely built-up residential areas, comprises the majority of the Vienna Woods. To the south of Mauer are Rodaun and Kalksburg , which have a high proportion of grassland and largely intact village centers.
The district area is further broken down into the counting districts of the official statistics, in which the 83 counting districts of the municipality are summarized. The 19 counting districts in Liesing are Atzgersdorf, Atzgersdorf-West, Blumental, Draschegründe, In der Wiesen, industrial area Breitenfurter Straße, industrial center Liesing, Inzersdorf, Kalksburg-Kaltenleuthaben, Kroissberg, Mauer, Mauerberg, Neu-Erlaa-Neustift, Rodaun, Schwarze Haide, Siebenhirten, Steinberg, Alt-Erlaa residential park and Liesing center. However, the boundaries of the cadastral communities do not match those of the cadastral districts of the same name.
Neighboring districts and municipalities
In the south, Liesing borders on Lower Austria , with the municipality sharing its southwestern border with Breitenfurt near Vienna and its southern border with Kaltenleutzüge , Perchtoldsdorf , Brunn am Gebirge and Vösendorf (from west to east). In the north Liesing borders on the Viennese districts Hietzing and Meidling and in the northeast on Favoriten. The northern border of Liesing runs across from the Hietzing district through the Vienna Woods along the wall of the Lainzer Tiergarten and across Wittgensteinstrasse to Speisinger Strasse. The border to the Meidling district branches off from the Rosenberg cadastral community to the Rosenhügel and runs along the southern railway line and Kirchfeldgasse. The border to Favoriten lies along the Pottendorfer line and Donauländebahn railway lines . Opposite Lower Austria, the border from Liesing runs essentially along the street Obere Grenzgasse - Triester Straße - Auf der Schanz - Ketzergasse - Beethovenstraße and on Kaltenleutgebner Straße. In the west is the district border in the Vienna Woods (Leopoldsdorfer Wald, Perchtoldsdorfer Bürgerspitals-Wald and Dorotheer Wald).
The Liesing building area comprises 52.6 percent (Vienna-wide 35.4 percent) of the district area, with 18.6 percent being in commercial building areas. As a result, Liesing has the largest percentage of commercial building areas in a municipality and with 596 hectares of commercial building areas, it has the largest net area after the Donaustadt district . With a share of 3 percent of the district area, however, Liesing has a small share of cultural, religious, sporting and public facilities. The second largest part of the district area is taken up by green spaces. According to this, 31.4 percent of the district area is made up of the forests of the Vienna Woods (16.2 percent), agricultural land (6.6 percent), meadows (5.2 percent), parks (2.1 percent), sports and leisure areas ( 1.3 percent). The third most important type of use in the Liesing district area is traffic areas, accounting for 14.7 percent of the district area, while bodies of water account for only 1.3 percent (especially Liesingbach and Wienerwaldbächer).
|Construction area||Green space||Waters||Traffic areas|
rel. u. public Facilities
|Business development area||Agriculture||Parks||Woods||grasslands||Sports u. leisure|
Even before the creation of the municipality, there were various associations in the political administration between the old places in its area. Since the Middle Ages, this has been evident in the ownership of the manors . In the 14th century, Kadolt the Elder von Eckartsau owned the towns of Erlaa, Kalksburg, Mauer and Rodaun, which thus formed a certain political unit. Furthermore, up to the Josephine reforms, the parish of Atzgersdorf played a role as a regional religious power center for the surrounding towns. From there, the Catholic residents of Altmannsdorf , Erlaa, Hetzendorf , Liesing, Mauer and Siebenhirten and, in some cases, Kalksburg, who had their own church buildings but no parishes, were looked after.
After the basic rule had been lifted, emerged in 1850 in all crown lands district headquarters , where usually several municipalities were merged to form joint management. The eight current districts of Liesing were added to the Hietzing political district , which was then still outside the city of Vienna . When the north of this district was incorporated into Vienna as the 13th district of Hietzing, an ordinance of the Ministry of the Interior provided for the establishment of a new political district Hietzing Umgebung with effect from January 1, 1892 . Hietzing Surroundings consisted of the places in today's Liesing district, including Perchtoldsdorf, Purkersdorf and Vösendorf. On January 1, 1904, the judicial district of Liesing was created, which initially included all parts of the current district with the exception of Kalksburg, Mauer and Rodaun and also included Vösendorf. This measure was a further important preliminary stage for the establishment of a Viennese district under the name Liesing.
The 25th district of Liesing 1938–1954
After Austria was " annexed " to the German Reich , the law on territorial changes in Austria came into force on October 15, 1938. This created “ Greater Vienna ”, which also included the new 25th district of Vienna, Liesing. In addition to the area that would later become the 23rd district, the district area also included the previously independent communities of Breitenfurt near Vienna, Kaltenleutzüge, Laab im Walde , Perchtoldsdorf and Vösendorf, as well as the Lainzer Tiergarten, which was incorporated into the 13th district in 1956 . The fact that the name "Liesing" was chosen had a history in the name of the judicial district of Liesing, and Liesing was the only district with city rights .
In 1934 there were 169 Jews in Mauer, 137 in Atzgersdorf and 87 in Liesing. The Jewish residents of the district who were killed by the National Socialists and after whom streets were named after 1945 include the merchant and benefactor Samuel Amster and his wife Ettel ( Amstergasse ), the doctors Wilhelm Drill ( Drillgasse ) and Karl Neumann ( Dr.-Neumann- Gasse ) as well as the resistance fighter Hans Kunke ( Kunkegasse , which is also named after his wife Stefanie Kunke ). The Atzgersdorf synagogue was completely destroyed by fire during the “ Reichskristallnacht ”. The Jesuit College in Kalksburg was closed by the new rulers in 1938.
Numerous resistance fighters against National Socialism came from Liesing's communist- oriented workers in particular , at least thirty of whom were sentenced to death after show trials before the People's Court and beheaded in the Vienna Regional Court or put to death in concentration camps . The most prominent Liesingen resistance fighters murdered by the National Socialist judiciary included the brothers Franz and Michael Heindl , the married couple Hans and Stefanie Kunke , the two carpenters Leopold Stípčak and Johann Teufel , the worker Therese Klostermann and the leather worker Alfred Goldhammer . After 1945, a number of Liesing was in memorials to the victims of the Nazis built, it was renamed streets and memorial stones laid.
From 1938 onwards, the air intelligence troop barracks , which had since been dismantled, were built in Mauer . The medieval parish churches of Liesing and Siebenhirten were completely destroyed in the air war in World War II in 1944/1945. The parish church of Inzersdorf and the Inzersdorf cemetery were badly damaged.
On April 9 and 10, 1945, the Red Army marched into Liesing. As early as 1946, the National Council, the Viennese and Lower Austrian state parliaments unanimously passed the territorial amendment law, which was intended to largely reverse the incorporation of 1938. The Soviet occupying power objected to this, so that the law could not be announced and could not come into force.
|District chairman 1945 to 1954|
|Karl Altmann (KPÖ)||1945-1946|
|Johann Radfux (SPÖ)||1946-1954|
For the areas of Greater Vienna that were not to remain with Vienna, this resulted in a hybrid position until 1954: They were administered by Vienna, but were not represented in the Vienna City Council. They were allowed to send representatives to the Lower Austrian state parliament, but they were not entitled to vote there. In 1954 the Soviet Union withdrew its veto and the law came into force: the 25th district has now been dissolved; the places not remaining near Vienna became independent communities in Lower Austria again.
1945–1955 the entire area of the then 25th and today's 23rd district was occupied by the Soviets . In terms of occupation law, it was not part of the “four-sector city” of Vienna, but, like all areas not incorporated before 1938, to Soviet-occupied Lower Austria.
The 23rd district: Liesing since 1954
The Territorial Change Act, which was passed in 1946 and initially vetoed by the Soviet occupying power, came into force on September 1, 1954. This created the 23rd Viennese district, Liesing, which included the areas of the former 25th district with the exception of the Lower Austrian communities of Breitenfurt near Vienna, Kaltenleuthaben, Laab im Walde, Perchtoldsdorf and Vösendorf. On January 1, 1956, areas in the north of Liesing such as the Lainzer Tiergarten were assigned to the 13th district, Hietzing.
In the 1960s, the Liesingbach was regulated - a measure that was later partially reversed through renaturation. The strong population growth in the district was accompanied by the construction of new residential areas between the old town centers, such as the Alt-Erlaa residential park, the Maurerberg estate by architect Roland Rainer , the large Wienerflur residential complex and the urban expansion area In der Wiesen.
The Mauer - Kalksburg landscape protection area created in 1987 was merged into the Liesing landscape protection area established in 1990. With a total area of 654 hectares, this includes parts of the Vienna Woods on both sides of the Liesingbach, the Mauer winegrowing area and the agricultural land of the Danube terraces in the brewery hall. Liesing has been connected to the Vienna underground network with the U6 since 1995 .
There were three minor changes to the county boundaries in the 1990s. In 1995 the border to Meidling in the Am Schöpfwerk area between Kreutzingergasse and Gutheil-Schoder-Gasse and in the Wilhelm-Erben-Gasse area between Nauheimergasse and Danilovatzgasse was shifted slightly. In 1997, the border between Liesing and Meidling (in the Emil-Behring-Weg, Wundtgasse and Am Rosenhügel) and Hietzing (in the Bertégasse and Wastlgasse) area changed on the Rosenhügel. In addition to traffic areas, these changes primarily affected individual residential buildings and parts of an allotment garden.
The current district area of Liesing showed steady growth figures before the First World War, but these did not come close to comparable, less urbanized areas such as the Danube city or Floridsdorf . Nevertheless the still independent municipalities were able to triple their population from 13,945 (1869) to 38,047 (1910). After that, the population stagnated until after the end of the Second World War . After the municipalities were finally incorporated into Vienna as the district of Liesing in 1954, the population began to rise again continuously, with the strongest growth spurt occurring in the 1960s. By building up the areas between the old village centers with modern residential complexes, the number of residents rose to 96,728 people by 2015. Nevertheless, Liesing is still one of the most sparsely populated districts in Vienna. With 3,021 inhabitants / km² in 2015 only four districts were less populated than Liesing.
In 2005, the population structure of Liesing was largely on par with Vienna's average, although the age group between 55 and 74 was clearly overrepresented. The number of children under the age of 15, with a share of 14.8 percent of the district population, was the average for Vienna (14.6 percent). The proportion of the population between 15 and 59 years of age was 60.7 percent (Vienna: 63.4 percent) below the average, as people aged 60 or over 24.6 percent (Vienna: 22.0 percent) of the district population posed. The gender distribution in the 2001 district area was 46.6 percent men and 53.4 percent women, the number of the married population with a share of 44.7 percent compared to 41.2 percent was above the average in Vienna.
Origin and language
The proportion of foreign residents in the district was 8.9 percent in 2005 (Vienna: 18.7 percent). This was the lowest value for any district in Vienna. As in the entire federal state, however, the proportion of foreigners is increasing; in 2001 the proportion was 6.7 percent. The highest proportion of foreigners in 2005 was made up of around 1.7 percent of the district population, citizens of Serbia and Montenegro . Another 1.1 percent were German , 0.8 percent Turkish , 0.7 percent Polish and 0.6 percent each Croatian and Bosnian citizens. In 2001, 14.2 percent of the district population was not born in Austria. 2.4 percent spoke Serbian as the colloquial language , 1.6 percent Turkish and 1.4 percent Croatian .
With 55.2 percent, Liesing has one of the highest proportions of people with Roman Catholic faith in Vienna (49.2 percent there). This is u. a. the low proportion of migrants of other faiths. There are eleven Roman Catholic parishes in the municipality, which make up the 23 city dean's office . In contrast, the proportion of people with Islamic faith (3.2 percent) and Orthodox believers (2.5 percent) are well below the average (Vienna: 7.8 percent and 6.0 percent, respectively). The proportion of Protestant residents was 6.7 percent of the district population, the second highest (together with Wieden) in Vienna. In 2001, 27.3 percent of the district population did not belong to any religious community, whereby this was the third highest value of a Viennese district. Another 5.1 percent of the population had given no or a different religion.
Culture and sights
See also: List of natural monuments in Liesing
The castles in Liesing that have survived from the manorial period include Liesing Castle and Alterlaa Castle . In the Rodaun district, the Rodaun Castle , the Hofmannsthal-Schlössl and the Baroque Rodaun Mountain Church are in the immediate vicinity. The Mauer parish church is originally a Gothic building that was heavily redesigned in the 1930s. With the parish church Atzgersdorf , the parish church Inzersdorf and the parish church Kalksburg , the district has three classical church buildings.
Of the buildings of the 20th century, the Protestant St. John's Church in Art Deco style (built 1930–1935), the Liesing parish church (built 1953–1955) and the Alt-Erlaa residential park (built 1973–1985) should be mentioned. One of the most famous sights in the district is the Wotrubakirche in Mauer, a church made of cubic shapes based on a design by the sculptor Fritz Wotruba .
The reason for the construction of the Kandl Chapel on Breitenfurter Strasse is unusual . It is reminiscent of an executed spouse murderer.
Arts and Culture
The Rosenhügel film studios are located in the Mauer district . The film studios built from 1919 to 1923 were considered the most modern and largest in Austria when they opened. The studios played just as important a role in the history of Austrian silent film as they did as the location for several classics of Viennese film such as the operetta film Masquerade . An example of a large-scale production from recently, which was also filmed at Rose Hill, is The Piano Teacher by Michael Haneke .
Several church buildings in the 23rd parish house significant art treasures. For example, there are three pictures by the baroque painter Michelangelo Unterberger in the Rodaun mountain church and one painting by the Rococo artist Paul Troger each in the Kalksburg and Mauer parish churches .
The Mescidi Aksa mosque (Arabic: the distant place of worship ) is also located on Breitenfurter Strasse .
Like every district in Vienna, Liesing houses its own district museum. The Liesing District Museum , which was initially housed in the Liesing administrative building, has been located in the former boys' primary school in Canavesegasse in Atzgersdorf since 1983. The focus of the museum is on folklore , the presentation of the history of the railroad, the presentation of the eight old towns in Liesing and the history of trade and industry. The 1st Viennese Chocolate Museum of the Heindl company is also located in Liesing .
Parks and cemeteries
In addition to the large recreational area of the Vienna Woods in the west of the district, there are several parks in Liesing. The Draschepark in Inzersdorf is a former baroque palace garden. Engelbert-Schliemann-Park is a small landscape park in Rodaun. There is an Inzersdorfer Schubertpark as well as a Kalksburger and a Maurer Schubertpark , with the latter two belonging to the “ Beserlpark ” category . The Magna Mater fountain with a sculpture by Anton Hanak is located in Maurer's town hall park . The Kellerberg recreation area in Siebenhirten was only created in 2002/2003. The Sterngarten is an open-air planetarium on the Georgenberg. The Bertha-Neumann-Park is a small Beserlpark in Mauer.
Each of the eight districts has its own cemetery. The largest of these is the Inzersdorfer Friedhof , the smallest the Erlaaer Friedhof . The poet Hugo von Hofmannsthal is buried in the Kalksburg cemetery in the vineyards . The Mauer cemetery is of particular interest because of its historic mausoleums. The other cemeteries in the district are the Atzgersdorfer Friedhof , the Liesing Friedhof and the Rodaun Friedhof . In 2008 the Islamic Cemetery Vienna was opened on the banks of the Liesing in Inzersdorf as the first Islamic cemetery in Austria.
The Liesing sports hall with a capacity of 250 people was built in 1972, the Atzgersdorf round hall followed in 1974 and the Alterlaa round hall in 1978. The two round halls each have a capacity of 500 people. There are also several sports fields in Liesing. City hiking trail 6 leads through the west of the municipality. The ASK Erlaa is a soccer club from Liesing, whose women's team played in the ÖFB women's league until 2009/2010 . There is also the Wall Sports Union.
|District chairman since 1954|
|Johann Radfux (SPÖ)||1954-1952|
|Reinhold Suttner (SPÖ)||1962-1968|
|Hans Lackner (SPÖ)||1968-1983|
|Heinrich Haberl (SPÖ)||1983-1988|
|Johann Wimmer (SPÖ)||1988-1995|
|Manfred Wurm (SPÖ)||1995-2012|
|Gerald Bischof (SPÖ)||2012–|
Up to 1934, the Social Democrats had appointed the mayor of four of the seven municipalities in today's district (not in the rural and bourgeois Kalksburg, in Rodaun and Mauer). Following the example of “ Red Vienna ”, the politicians tried to remedy the social and hygienic grievances. In the conservatively dominated Lower Austria this was only possible for the richer communities. After the Social Democratic Party was banned in 1934, the Fatherland Front took power.
In the first elections in 1945, the SPÖ achieved an absolute majority with 55.3 percent. The ÖVP reached 31.7 percent, the KPÖ an impressive 13 percent. In 1946, the social democrat Hans Radfux replaced the district chief appointed by the Soviet occupying power. As a result, the SPÖ dominated the district and provided all district leaders. In the last district council elections in 2015, the SPÖ achieved 39.2 percent (minus 4.5 percentage points), the ÖVP 10.9 percent (minus 4.9 percentage points), the FPÖ 31.8 percent (plus 4.9 percentage points) and the Greens 9.7 percent (minus 2.2 percentage points). The NEOS came to 6.2 percent (plus 6.2 percentage points).
coat of arms
Please note: In heraldry , the coats of arms are described as a coat of arms bearer (who only sees the coat of arms from behind) would describe them, i.e. vice versa. What we see on the left in the coat of arms is on the right for the heraldist.
The old city coat of arms of Liesing is usually used for the district. A planned adaptation of the coat of arms, taking into account all parts of the district, has not yet been implemented on a large scale, even the official bodies still use the city coat of arms. This makes Liesing the only district in Vienna that does not have all parts of the district in its coat of arms. The city coat of arms of Liesing is held in the basic colors blue and silver. The lower, silver surface tapers towards the top, in the blue corners above, two heraldic figures are depicted in gold. On the right a winegrower's basket, on the left a golden comb-wheel , which represent Liesing's former main economic sectors. On the lower, silver surface, the year 1683 and a hazelnut branch are depicted above the flaming ground. Three green leaves and four fruits are arranged in a star shape. The symbolism points to the second Turkish siege , 1683.
The eight district parts of the district are represented in the adapted version of the district coat of arms. The Liesing coat of arms described can be found here as a heart shield . In the upper right corner, the district wall is represented by a speaking coat of arms. It shows a red brick wall, above which a bricklayer stands in a blue, ancient costume. To the left is the Inzersdorf coat of arms. In blue it shows three ears of wheat growing from a red heart over an arabesque covered with two diagonally crossed scythe blades . On the side are a golden lion and a golden horse. On the left is the coat of arms of Kalksburg. It shows a red castle wall with a castle gate and a partially lowered portcullis.
In the middle row of the coat of arms, to the right of the heart shield, is the representation for the Siebenhirten district. The speaking coat of arms shows a shepherd with a white sheep on a green meadow and the number seven. To the left of the heart shield, Saint Catherine with a palm branch and sword represents the Atzgersdorf district. The coat of arms of Erlaa is shown on the right in the base of the shield . It shows an alder leaf on a blue background. To the left of this, the field shows the Rodaun coat of arms on a blue background. There is a fortified castle with a church on a tree-covered green mountain.
Economy and Infrastructure
The route of the Südbahn crosses the district in a north-south direction and has two train stations here: Vienna Atzgersdorf and Vienna Liesing. The Vienna S-Bahn also runs here . At the station Wien Liesing the branches Kaltenleutgebner Bahn (nostalgia train) from. The Pottendorfer line runs in the far east and the Donauländebahn along the northern border to Favoriten. The U6 underground line has four stations in Liesing, these are - from north to south - Alterlaa , Erlaaer Straße , Perfektastraße and the terminus Siebenhirten . The 23rd district is also connected to the public transport network by trams and buses.
By Liesing leading Southeast tangent highway with the nodes Vienna-Inzersdorf. There are only very small sections of the Vienna Outer Ring Autobahn and the Vienna Outer Ring Expressway in the district area. Other important streets are Altmannsdorfer Strasse , Brunner Strasse , Laaber Strasse , Laxenburger Strasse and Wiener Neustädter Strasse .
The Anton Proksch Institute in Kalksburg is a therapy center for the treatment of addictions. With the Höpflerbad and the Liesinger Bad, there are two municipal baths in the district. In the districts of Alt-Erlaa and Liesing there is a branch of the Vienna library.
Inzersdorf has been a major industrial center since the brick manufacturer Wienerberger was founded by Alois Miesbach . The inhabited area of this district is now almost completely surrounded by industrial areas. The Vienna Wholesale Market with a fruit and vegetable wholesale market and a flower market is also located here on an area of 30 hectares . The Inzersdorfer company, named after the district, used to have a location here. The industrial area Liesing is in the area of the cadastral community Siebenhirten, connected to it are industrial areas in the district parts Liesing and Erlaa. Another large industrial area is located in Atzgersdorf between the southern railway line and the Liesingbach. The districts Kalksburg, Mauer and Rodaun in the west of the district are largely without industrial settlements. The most famous companies that have their headquarters in the 23rd district include the Austrian State Printing House and the tool manufacturer Hilti Austria. Tixo adhesive tape was also produced in Liesing until 1985 .
Since the end of 2010, the Riverside shopping center has been located on the site of the former Liesing brewery with 56 shops on a total area of around 15,000 m². The property also includes rental and owner-occupied apartments, a dormitory, kindergartens, offices and fitness centers.
Of the more than a dozen elementary schools in the municipality, there is one with a focus on language therapy . The cooperative middle schools and general education colleges in Liesing also set special educational priorities in some cases, for example there is a “health-promoting school” and a “school for holistic learning”. One of the most traditional educational institutions is the Kollegium Kalksburg , a Catholic private school founded in 1856. Also worth mentioning are a Waldorf school and the Dr. Adolf Lorenz school for handicapped children, both of which are located in the center of Mauer.
The main building of the Liesing Adult Education Center is located on Liesinger Platz not far from the Liesing Office. The adult education center has a branch in the former town hall of Mauer. There is a public music school each in the districts of Alterlaa and Liesing .
District partner city
Several well-known artists were born in the old towns of the district or at least spent longer periods of their lives here. The poets Hugo von Hofmannsthal and Richard Beer-Hofmann lived in Rodaun. The Austrian poet and painter Maria Grengg lived in the Hofmannsthal-Schlössl from the beginning of the 1940s until her death in 1963 . The painter Anton Romako was a native of Atzgersdorf and the painter Heinrich Krause was a native of Rodaun. The actor Karl Skraup was born in Atzgersdorf and the dancer and actress La Jana in Mauer. The film actor John Banner also came from a bricklayer family.
The former Austrian Chancellor Werner Faymann lives in a row house in Liesing. His party colleague Doris Bures , who has been President of the National Council since 2014 , also comes from this district. As early as the 18th century, the current district of Erlaa produced an Austrian chancellor, Heinrich Kajetan von Blümegen . The women's rights activist Adelheid Popp and Franziska Donner , the wife of the South Korean President Rhee Syng-man, were born in Inzersdorf . Matthias Strolz , founding chairman of the NEOS party - The New Austria and Liberal Forum , lives in the Wall district of Liesing.
In the field of science, it is worth mentioning Hanns Hörbiger , the founder of the pseudo-scientific world ice theory , who was born in Atzgersdorf and lived in Mauer. He is the father of the actors Attila Hörbiger and Paul Hörbiger . His grandfather, the organ builder Alois Hörbiger , also lived and worked here. Also born in Atzgersdorf are the chemist Kurt Peters and the theoretical biologist and systems theorist Ludwig von Bertalanffy . The mechanical engineer Gisbert Kapp , born in Mauer, was a professor of electrical engineering at the University of Birmingham . A pioneer of Gestalt psychology , the philosopher Christian von Ehrenfels , was a native of Rodaun.
Last but not least, well-known athletes were born in today's district area, including the football player Leopold Vogl , a native of Atzgersdorfer, and the weightlifter Rudolf Edinger , a native of Erlaa, whose father ran a butcher's business in Siebenhirten.
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