X. Viennese district
|coat of arms||map|
|Geographic location :|
|Residents:||207,193 (January 1, 2020)|
|Population density :||6516 inhabitants / km²|
|Postal code :||1100|
|Address of the
|Address of the
|Laxenburger Strasse 43-45
|District Head :||Marcus Franz ( SPÖ )|
|A total of 60 seats|
|Map: favorites with district parts|
Favoriten is the 10th district of Vienna . It is located south of the inner districts, extends to the southern city limits and with around 200,000 inhabitants is the most populous in the city. Around 10 percent of all residents of Vienna live here .
The district of Favoriten extends from the systems of the Südbahn in the north via the Wienerberg , Boschberg and Laaer Berg to the Liesingtal in the south, where the Liesingbach, which rises in the Vienna Woods , crosses the district; this flows into the Schwechat just outside Vienna , which flows into the Danube shortly afterwards .
The 10th district is limited as follows:
- North: Meidling (12th district), Margareten (5th district) and Wieden (4th district), border: Südbahn , northern edge of the railway facilities from Längenfeldgasse in the west to the former Südbahnhof in the east; since 2009 moved to Wieden on the southern edge of the belt main carriageway .
- East: Landstraße (3rd district), Simmering (11th district) and Kledering , border: 3rd / 10th, Arsenalstraße (since 2009: in the middle of the main carriageway), further south, the eastern line towards Budapest, eastern edge of the railway facilities (the central shunting yard in Vienna is, as far as it is in Vienna, in the 10th district), to the Donauländebahn, then west of Kledering southwards to south of the expressway S 1
- South: Liesing (23rd district), Hennersdorf , Leopoldsdorf and Lanzendorf , all in Lower Austria , border: on the S 1 expressway at Pottendorfer Linie eastwards, in the Leopoldsdorf section extending slightly south of the S 1 (mostly fields without street names)
- West, south-west: Meidling, Liesing, border: Längenfeldgasse, Karplusgasse, Untermeidlinger Straße, Köglergasse, Wienerbergstraße, Eibesbrunnergasse, Donauländebahn direction south-east and east, east of the Pottendorfer line between Sulzengasse and Murbanngasse, swinging south and mostly parallel to the train to expressway S. 1
Favoriten consists of the Viennese cadastral communities Favoriten , Inzersdorf-Stadt , Rothneusiedl , Unterlaa , Oberlaa -Stadt and Oberlaa-Land as well as small parts of the cadastral communities Kaiserebersdorf and Simmering .
The northern part of the district is formed by the historic Favoriten ( workers' district ), a mostly grid-shaped residential area with houses in many cases over 100 years old and industrial plants in between (such as the complex of the former Ankerbrot AG ). On the western edge of the district there are two very contrasting developments: the George-Washington-Hof, built in the interwar period as a stylish municipal building - and the Business Park Vienna, built between 1990 and 2000, including the Vienna Twin Tower (skyscrapers), bordered to the south by Philipshaus, which is forty years older the Triester Straße in the architecture of classical modernism.
In the northernmost part of the historic Favoriten, the new central train station of Vienna was built by 2015 , some of which went into operation in 2012. Following the relocation of the adjoining old freight station in 2009, two new districts are currently being built on the former railway site: the Belvedere quarter around the new station and the Sonnwendviertel to the south of it up to Gudrunstraße .
South of it, east of Absberggasse , is the Kretaviertel , a traditional social hotspot, even if the adjacent anchor bread factory , now used by cultural initiatives, brings a certain gentrification with it.
To the south of the densely built-up area there is an (interrupted) green belt with a golf course, Matsumae Budo Center, Wienerberg recreation area , Laaer Berg public park and summer pool, and Laaer Wald recreation area (nature conservation). Here, on the northern slope of the Laaer Berg, the Bohemian Prater was built as a small entertainment center in 1882 . This green belt is bordered to the south by large municipal housing complexes (Wienerberg and Wienerfeld settlements, Per-Albin-Hansson-Siedlungen West, North and East) and by the settlement area on Bitterlichstrasse. In the east, the Kurpark Oberlaa with the Kurzentrum Therme Wien , fields and vineyards and the central marshalling yard Wien-Kledering (which continues in the village of Kledering belonging to the city of Schwechat ) connect . These districts are bordered to the south by the Donauländebahn , which was the city limits of Vienna until 1938.
The towns of Rothneusiedl , Oberlaa and Unterlaa (incorporated in 1938, since 1954 part of the 10th district), located south of the railway, have been preserved as independent sub-centers. Between these places and the southern city and district limits lie extensive fields that are cultivated by Viennese farmers.
There is also a breakdown of the district area into the 22 counting districts of the official statistics, in which the counting districts of the municipality are summarized. The boundaries of the counting districts Unterlaa, Oberlaa and Rothneusiedl differ from those of the cadastral communities of the same name. The Wienerfeld, Per Albin Hansson NW and Per Albin Hansson Ost settlements also form their own census districts. Ten census districts bear the names of streets and squares: Gellertplatz, Hebbelplatz, Quellenplatz, Arthaberplatz , Erlachplatz, Belgradplatz , Triester Straße , Neerwindplatz- Raxstraße , Humboldtplatz and Eisenstadtplatz. The counting districts of Heuberggstätten, Laaer Berg and Goldberg as well as Südbahnhof, Franz-Josef-Spital and Wienerberger Ziegelfabrik are named after field names and building complexes.
The name "Favoriten" is derived from the Favorita , a former hunting lodge. The baroque complex is only partially preserved, belongs to the 4th district of Wieden and houses the Theresianum , a private school with public rights. From there, today's Favoritenstrasse led to the "Favorithen-Thor" of the Linienwall (Vienna's outer fortification). The settlement outside the wall - especially in the course of the construction of the southern and eastern railways - was called the settlement in front of the Favoriten line .
Although it was outside the fortifications, this settlement was part of Wieden (4th district), which was incorporated in 1850 , was divided along Laxenburger Strasse between this and the new 5th district, Margareten , in 1861 and constituted as a new 10th district in 1874. The colloquial term 10th blow for favorites can be traced back to this emergence of the district through the separation of areas of the 4th and 5th district, which was carried out “with one blow”, so to speak .
Until 1891, the new district included the cadastral community of Favoriten (see map) and the Arsenal, which is now part of the 3rd district, up to the Aspangbahn . More southern parts of the district were added in 1892 and 1954.
The first district chairman was Johann Heinrich Steudel , who ran an inn in the settlement and had worked hard to make favorites a district. As the residential and industrial areas continued to grow, the district was expanded to include the Donauländebahn in 1890/92.
In the Nazi era, on October 15, 1938, places south of the railway, which today form part of Favoritens, were incorporated into Greater Vienna , but assigned to the newly created 23rd district, Schwechat (not identical to today's 23rd district) . On the same date, the arsenal and its surroundings were removed from the 10th district and assigned to the 3rd district.
From 1945 to 1955, under occupation law, Favoriten was part of the Soviet sector in Vienna north of the Donauländebahn, and part of the Soviet-occupied Lower Austria south of the railway. (The occupation sectors in Vienna followed the borders before 1938.)
Favoriten experienced the last major expansion in 1954, when resolutions already passed in 1946 on the reorganization of most of the areas connected to Vienna in 1938 came into force, but the former villages of Rothneusiedl , Oberlaa and Unterlaa , as agreed with Lower Austria in 1946, remained with Vienna and parts of the 10. District were.
After 1954 there were only minor shifts in the border: 1995 in the area of Wienerbergstrasse , 1999 in the area of the freight station Matzleinsdorf and 2000 in the area of Arsenalstrasse. Railway traffic areas in particular were affected by these border changes, and a large apprentice home on Kundratstrasse in Meidling was also sold to Favoriten.
The district of Favoriten had only 22,340 inhabitants in 1869. Due to the enormous influx of workers into the district area up to the beginning of the First World War, the district population increased sevenfold to 159,241 inhabitants by 1910. After that, the district was able to keep its population almost until the 1930s, before the population fell significantly around the Second World War and in the 1940s. In contrast to many inner city districts, the population increased again significantly in the 1950s and 1960s, as there was enough space for new buildings in the district to meet the increased demand for living space. The population began to stagnate from the 1970s, but the number of inhabitants has increased significantly again since 2001 and amounted to 204,142 people in 2019.
In 2001, the age structure of the Favoriten population hardly differed from the Viennese average. The number of children under the age of 15, at 14.6%, was around the Vienna average of 14.7%. The proportion of the population between 15 and 59 years was 62.6% (Vienna: 63.6%), however, below the average. In this respect, Favoriten showed deficits, especially in the younger population groups, while the number of people aged 60 or more was 22.8%, higher than the Vienna figure of 21.7%. The gender distribution in the district was 47.7% men and 52.8% women, the number of married favorites was 42.9% compared to 41.2%, above the average in Vienna.
Origin and language
The proportion of foreign residents in the district was 32.8% in 2016 (Vienna: 27.4%) and compared to 2001 (16.5%), as in the entire federal state, shows an upward trend. In 2016, the largest proportion of foreigners, with around 5.9% of the district population, were citizens from Serbia and 4.8% from Turkey . Another 2.2% were Polish , 2.0% Bosnian , 1.9% Romanian and 1.4% Croatian citizens. In 2016, 43.4% of the Favoritner population were of foreign origin.
In the 2001 census, the religious beliefs of the population in the Favoriten district showed deviations from the average in Vienna, particularly in terms of the proportion of the Islamic population. In 2001, 47.0% of residents stated that they belonged to the Roman Catholic Church (Vienna: 49.2%). There are 15 Roman Catholic parishes in the municipality, which make up the 10 city dean's office . 11.2% of the residents were of the Islamic faith (Vienna: 7.8%), 6.4% belonged to the Orthodox Church and 4.1% were Protestant . On the other hand, 26.5% of the district population did not belong to any religious community, 4.9% had given no or a different religious denomination.
|District chairman since 1945|
|Klemens Friemel ( KPÖ )||4 / 1945–7 / 1945|
|Karl Kempf ( KPÖ )||7 / 1945-1946|
|Karl Wrba ( SPÖ )||1946-1966|
|Emil Fucik ( SPÖ )||1966-1977|
|Josef Deutsch ( SPÖ )||1977-1984|
|Leopold Prucha ( SPÖ )||1984-1994|
|Hermine Mospointner ( SPÖ )||1994-2017|
|Marcus Franz ( SPÖ )||2017–|
As a working-class district, Favoriten has traditionally been politically influenced by the SPÖ , which has been the district chairman since 1946 . As a rule, the SPÖ achieved an absolute majority in Favoriten, which was only endangered by the rise of the FPÖ at the end of the 1980s. In 1996 the FPÖ achieved an increase of 8.6% in Favoriten, breaking the absolute majority of the SPÖ for the first time. However, due to the general descent of the FPÖ, the SPÖ was able to take revenge back in 2001 and regained the absolute majority. In 2005 the SPÖ continued to grow slightly, while the FPÖ continued to lose votes slightly. In 2010 the SPÖ lost almost 10%, which benefited the FPÖ, which increased by almost 14%. The ÖVP hardly plays a role in Favoriten, it has never reached more than around 12% in the last 15 years. The Greens in Favoriten are also below their Vienna-wide average. In the 2010 district council elections, all parliamentary parties recorded losses except for the FPÖ and BZÖ.
|year||SPÖ||ÖVP||FPÖ||Green||LIF , from 2015 NEOS||BZÖ||Others|
coat of arms
Please note: The information on the left or right in the coat of arms is - as is customary in heraldry - given here as a coat of arms bearer (who himself only sees the coat of arms from behind) would describe it. What we see on the left in the coat of arms is on the right for the heraldist.
The tenth district has a six-part shield. In addition to the individual district parts, the coat of arms also includes a heart shield, which, unlike many other districts, also includes a coat of arms for the entire district:
- The heart shield shows the spinner on the cross , the symbol of Favoriten, on Vienna's coat of arms, red and white. (It is not a historical coat of arms.)
- The coat of arms of Alt- Favoritens is depicted in the upper right part of the coat of arms : It shows the apostle Johannes , the patron saint of the parish church on Keplerplatz , in a blue robe and green coat, on the coat of arms of Vienna, the white cross in the red field. He is holding a pen and a book of the Gospels in his hands , accompanied by an eagle .
- At the top left, a bowl fountain on a blue background symbolizes the Oberlaa district . It symbolizes the healing springs and spa facilities in the area.
- In the lower right part of the coat of arms, a red ring oven with a curved stream symbolizes the Rothneusiedl district on the Liesingbach. The ring kiln stands for the important historical brick industry on the Wiener and Laaer Berg .
- At the bottom in the middle there is a red Maltese cross on a golden background , as it is attached to the top of the Johanneskirche , for the Unterlaa district . The Order of Malta acquired the lordship over Unterlaa at the end of the 13th century .
- In the lower left part of the coat of arms there is a golden bunch of grapes decorated with ears of corn for the district of Inzersdorf-Stadt . The ears of wheat stand for agriculture, the grapes stand for viticulture ; both used to be operated on the vast areas of today's district.
Economy and Infrastructure
For 150 years, Favoriten has been heavily influenced by traffic: parts of the Südbahn and Ostbahn are still district boundaries in the north and east, in the south it is the Donauländebahn . The only way to get to the district from the city center is through railway underpasses. With the construction of the new main station , which was completely completed at the end of 2015, two new districts, the Belvedere quarter and the Sonnwendviertel , were created on the large southern railway area . The Matzleinsdorf freight station (on the southern line) and the larger part of the central shunting yard Wien Kledering (on the eastern line) are also located in the 10th district.
Favorites the first part was the subway opened -Neubaues: In February 1978, took U1 on the leg Reumannplatz (at Amalienbad ) - Keplerplatz - Südtirolerplatz (District Line) - Taubstummengasse (4th District) - Karlsplatz (1 / 4th district). On September 2, 2017, the U1 extension to Oberlaa in the south of the district made this line the longest in Vienna's subway network.
The Wiener Linien use favorites and with the tram lines D, O, 1, 6, 11 and 18 as well as numerous bus lines , the ÖBB with the S-Bahn stations Wien Quartier Belvedere (on the northeastern county line), Vienna Central Station (in the course of the Favoritenstraße ) and Vienna Matzleinsdorfer Platz (at the beginning of Triester Straße ), all three on the Gürtel (see below), as well as with the Vienna Grillgasse S-Bahn station on the Ostbahn or on the border with the 11th district.
The arterial roads Triester Straße (former federal highway 17, the most frequently mentioned road in Austria until the opening of the A2 Südautobahn), Laxenburger Straße and Favoritenstraße are important for car traffic . Margaretengürtel and Wiedner Gürtel , parts of the main road that delimits the inner districts of Vienna (part of the B221), run directly north of the district border . The busiest road in Austria, the A23 Südosttangente , has been crossing the 10th district tangentially in its southern part since the 1970s . Since 2006, the S1 expressway at the southern district and thus the city limits has connected the A2 southern motorway with the A4 eastern motorway.
The Wien-Südost substation , the largest in Vienna, is located in the Unterlaa district .
Culture and sights
- Amalienbad (next to the Reumannplatz underground station )
- Office building for the 10th district between Laxenburger Strasse and Keplerplatz
- Antonskirche on Antonsplatz , built 1896–1901
- Former workers' home Favoriten
- Domenig House (formerly Zentralsparkassen branch office), Favoritenstrasse 118, architect Günther Domenig , 1975–1979
- Ernst-Kirchweger-Haus (EKH), occupied since June 23, 1990 and largest autonomous center in Vienna
- Matzleinsdorf Evangelical Cemetery
- Branch church of the Holy Family (Favoriten) , Puchsbaumplatz 9, built by Clemens Holzmeister 1964–1966
- Generali Arena (until 2010: Franz Horr Stadium)
- George-Washington-Hof , Untermeidlinger Strasse 1–7 / Triester Strasse / Wienerbergstrasse, " community building ", built 1927–1930 (western half in the 12th district)
- Vienna Central Station , built 2010–2015 on the site of the historic Südbahnhof and Ostbahnhof
- Favorites main fire station at Sonnwendgasse 14 on the site of the former Favoriten gasworks
- Johanneskirche Favoriten (Keplerkirche) at the underground station Keplerplatz
- Johanneskirche Unterlaa , probably the oldest surviving church in today's Vienna city area
- Klinik Favoriten , until 2020 Social Medicine Center South - Kaiser-Franz-Josef-Spital
- Kurpark Oberlaa (the site of the Vienna International Garden Show 1974) with the Therme Wien
- Per-Albin-Hansson-Siedlung West, Nord, Ost, on both sides of the Favoritenstrasse between the old estate and the Donauländebahn, built 1947–1978
- Parish Church of Our Lady of the Three Miracles (Favorites) in Buchengasse 108
- Parish Church of Queen of Peace (Vienna) , the parish church of the Divine Mercy parish at Buchengasse 158 / Quellenstrasse 197
- Parish church Oberlaa on Oberlaaer Platz
- Philipshaus, Triester Straße 64, by Karl Schwanzer , 1962/1963
- Salvatorkirche am Wienerfeld , Neilreichgasse , designed by Johannes Spalt , 1976
- Spinner on the cross , historical statue
- Favorites substation, Humboldtgasse 1–5 / Sonnwendgasse , design by Eugen Kastner , 1928–1931
- Victor-Adler-Hof , community housing by Engelbert Mang , 1923–1924
- Vienna Twin Towers
- Bernhardtstal primary school at Quellenstrasse 142
- Waldmüllerpark , Landgutgasse; with grave grove of the former Nikolsdorfer / Matzleinsdorfer cemetery
- Water tower Favoriten , part of the first Viennese spring water pipeline , 1873
- Residential complex Troststrasse 21–37 , social building from the time of National Socialism
Sacred small buildings
- Beschornerkreuz , on Favoritenstrasse
- Ecce-homo pillar , on Leopoldsdorfer Strasse / corner Scheunenstrasse
- Fieberkapelle Rothneusiedl , on the sand pit field between Rothneusiedl and Hennersdorf
- Göppelkreuz Chapel , in front of the Laaerberg Neulandschule
- Gradner Chapel , at the Laaerbergbad
- Immaculate column in Unterlaa , on Johannesberg near the Vienna Southeast substation
- Johannes-Nepomuk-Statue (Oberlaa) , at the bridge in the course of the Himberger Straße over the Liesingbach
- Johannes-Nepomuk-Statue on Kirchenplatz Oberlaa , in front of the parish church on Oberlaaer Platz
- John Nepomuk statue (Unterlaa) , at the Sebastian Bridge in Unterlaa
- Kreuzwegstation Unterlaa , in Unterlaa, near Scheunenstraße 2
- Lean hen , on the ridge of the Laaer Berg
- Niche picture stick Christ on the Mount of Olives , on the corner of Laaer-Berg-Strasse and Friedhofstrasse
- Pietà Chapel Oberlaa , at the confluence of Friedhofstrasse and Oberlaaer Strasse
- Red Cross , votive cross on the Donauländebahn
- Schmerber-Kreuz , on Laaer Berg in the Kurpark Oberlaa
- Guardian Angel Cross in Unterlaa , in the extension of Georg-Wiesmayer-Gasse to the south
- Sebastian wayside shrine in Unterlaa , next to the Donauländebahn
- White Cross , at Oberlaaer Straße 122
Parks, recreation areas and cemeteries
The district of Favoriten has extensive parks and near-natural recreational areas in the area of the Laaer Berg and the Wienerberg . They are part of the Viennese forest and meadow belt and are roughly divided into the Wienerberg recreation area and the Laaerberg recreation area .
The largest area is the approximately 117 hectare Wienerberg recreation area. The area was originally used for clay quarrying and brick production, but after the quarrying, the clay pits were initially used as rubble and garbage dumps. After an urban planning ideas competition, the area was converted into a recreation area with 16.1 hectares of water in the 1980s. 90 hectares of the recreation area were designated as a protected part of the landscape in 1995 , in which endangered species such as the great fire butterfly and the European pond turtle live. The dry grasslands protected as a natural monument are also characteristic .
The long Johann-Benda-Park (52,000 m²) connects the Wienerberg, which connects the Wienerberg recreation area with the Heuberggstätten. The naturally designed facility with a water playground was built on the former Wienerberg grounds and is part of the green belt in the south of Vienna, which continues from Heuberggstätten to the east of Laxenburger Strasse, a roughly 304,000 m², extensively maintained, near-natural facility.
To the east of the Wienerberg is the Laaerberg recreational area with the Oberlaa Kurpark , the Laaerberg Volkspark and the Laaer Wald . The Laaerberg was originally covered with mixed oak forest, which was cleared in the 17th and 18th centuries. From 1740 the area was used for brick production like the Wienerberg. After the end of the Second World War, only a last remnant of the former downy oak forest remained , which was placed under nature protection. Afforestation began in the 1950s. The Volkspark Laaerberg is located to the west of the large recreation area. The approximately 220,000 m² landscape park was created on the southern slope of the Laaerberg.
The 39.6 hectare Laaer Wald recreation area, which has around three hectares of water, connects to the northeast. The area has four entrances (gates) that are closed in the evening. The area also includes the Böhmischer Prater amusement park, built between 1880 and 1890, and the Löwygrube , a near-natural, extensively cared for child and youth-friendly recreation facility. The Kurpark Oberlaa lies in the southeast of the Laaerberg . The 860,000 m² park was laid out in the course of the Vienna International Garden Show 1974 (wig74) on a former brick factory.
In addition to the natural areas, Favoriten also houses some classic city parks (so-called Beserl parks ). These include the Wielandpark and the Laubepark, each with around 5,000 m 2 . The Arthaberpark, which was named in honor of the industrialist, art collector and garden lover Rudolf von Arthaber , is around twice as big . A water playground for children was opened on the Liesing in 2005.
The 40,000 m² Waldmüllerpark goes back to a cemetery from the Josephine era, the Matzleinsdorf Catholic mortuary . The cemetery had been converted into a park decades after it was closed and opened in 1923. The last two existing cemeteries in the district are the Evangelical Cemetery Matzleinsdorf and the Cemetery Oberlaa , which dates back to a system from the Middle Ages.
The district museum Favoriten illuminates the district history. The focus of the exhibition includes geology and palaeontology as well as fauna and flora of the district, the history of the economy - especially brick production - as well as folklore objects from the districts. The Austrian private museum for typewriters and calculating machines is also located in Favoriten. The Johanneskirche Unterlaa offers an archaeological showroom as well as excavations from Roman times and the Middle Ages. In the Waldmüllerpark, worth seeing tombs from the abandoned Catholic cemetery in Matzleinsdorf can be seen in the grave grove.
Football in particular is deeply rooted in favorites. Until 1937, almost every fifth national player in Austria was a favorite, so that Friedrich Torberg's district was called the “granary of Austrian football”. This also goes hand in hand with the remarkable fact that to this day 8 different Favoriten clubs have played in the highest Austrian league (78 in total): SpC Rudolfshügel (1912–23, 1925–27), ASV Hertha Wien (1912–24, 1926, 1928– 30), SK Slovan Wien (1924–29, 1931–32, 1950), FC Wien (1929–38, 1940–44, 1946–56, 1958), the Favoritner Sportclub (1935), the FavAC (1936–38 , 1984-85), SC Rapid Oberlaa (1946, 1948-50) and Favoritner SK Blau-Weiß (1952). Curiously, however, a favorite club could never win a title, although Rudolfshügel in 1919 and FC Vienna in 1942 only narrowly failed as runners-up and Slovan only had to admit defeat to the "amateurs" 6-8 in 1924 when the ÖFB Cup was extended . Internationally known footballers from Favoriten are in particular Matthias Sindelar (Hertha), Josef Bican (Hertha) and Walter Zeman (Wienerberger / FC Wien).
Since 1982, Favoriten has also been the home of FK Austria Wien , one of the most successful football clubs in Austria. Austria's home games are played in the Generali Arena . Other important active football clubs are the SV Wienerberger (Regionalliga 2007/08), KSV Ankerbrot Montelaa and the Favoritner AC (both Wiener Stadtliga 2007/08). In addition to football, the Austrian volleyball record champion Aon hotVolleys Vienna is also based in Favoriten. The championship games are held in the Matsumae Budocenter , where numerous Budo martial arts are taught. Adjacent is the MBC Sport & Recreation Park Wienerberg , which has a 9-hole golf course as well as tennis and squash courts. National and international championships are regularly held at the home of the Union Rot-Gold lane golf club.
Other sports facilities are the Kurt-Kucera-Halle and the Windtenstrasse sports facility, better known as Eisring Süd. The 400-meter speed skating ring at Eisring Süd was, among other things, the training track for Olympic champion Emese Hunyadi .
Kurt Tichy , who was born as a favorite , founded his first ice cream parlor in 1952 in the neighboring district of Simmering, but in 1955 he opened the one on Reumannplatz , which still exists today and is one of the most famous in Vienna. The Vienna stock Baron Karl was not as a homeless tramp While in favorites in the narrow sense living , but understood the district as his home and is now on the Matzleinsdorf Protestant Cemetery buried.
The football player and captain of the wonder team Matthias Sindelar grew up in Favoriten and started his career at the local club ASV Hertha . Josef Bican , who played for the Austrian and later for the Czechoslovak national team, lived as a child, as did Sindelar, who was around ten years older, in the Favoritner Quellenstrasse . The record goal scorer of the Austrian national soccer team Toni Polster grew up here and began his career with Austria Wien .
The social democratic politician Jakob Reumann was mayor of Vienna from 1919 to 1923. A few weeks after his death in 1925, the Bürgerplatz in his home district of Favoriten was renamed Reumannplatz . Johann Pölzer senior held various political offices and functions until his death in 1934, including chairman of the social democratic district organization in Favoriten for 37 years. Born in a favorite, Helmut Zilk was Minister of Education and Mayor of Vienna from 1984 to 1994. The former FPÖ and later BZÖ politician Peter Westenthaler also comes from Favoriten. The social democratic politician Rudolf Hundstorfer also grew up in the Neilreichgasse in Favoriten. The favorite Pamela Rendi-Wagner was both minister and in 2018 the first woman to head the Austrian social democracy .
The historian Felix Czeike , born in the district, was the author of numerous books and publications on the subject of Viennese urban history. The cabaret artist and writer Gerhard Bronner grew up in Senefeldergasse and, according to his own statements, only learned to speak High German in high school, after having only mastered the Favoritner dialect. Another native favorite is the writer Alois Vogel , whose works often reflect Austria in the interwar period and his own youth in Vienna's working-class districts. The writer Daniel Glattauer , who is best known for his columns in the daily newspaper Der Standard , grew up in Favoriten , as did his brother Nikolaus Glattauer , teacher and also newspaper columnist, and attended the Neuland school on Laaer Berg. Cabaret artists Andreas Vitásek , Roland Düringer and Günther Paal also grew up in the 10th district. The brothers Lukas and Willi Resetarits came to Favoriten in 1951 and spent their childhood here before the family moved to Floridsdorf in the early 1960s . The artist Gottfried Helnwein also grew up in the 10th district in Hasengasse, was an altar boy in the parish of St. Philomena in Alxingergasse and lived here until 1968.
- District history 10. Vienna favorites. Documentary. 45 minutes. Vienna 2008
- My favorite ; Documentation by Chico Klein, Austria 2010
- Harald Eschenlor: Vienna - favorites . Sutton, Erfurt 2004, ISBN 3-89702-670-8 .
- Christine Klusacek, Kurt Stimmer: Favorites - between yesterday and tomorrow , Mohl Verlag, Vienna 2005, ISBN 3-901761-38-1 .
- Carola Leitner (ed.): Favorites: Vienna's 10th district in old photographs . Ueberreuter, Vienna 2007, ISBN 978-3-8000-7249-1 .
- Herbert Tschulk: Viennese district culture guide : X. Favorites . Jugend und Volk, Vienna 1985, ISBN 3-224-16255-4 .
- Werner Schubert : Experience favorites . Publishing house Dr. Michael Lemberger, Vienna 2009, ISBN 3-900196-78-8 .
- Werner Schubert: Favorites . Mohl-Verlag, Vienna 1980, ISBN 3-900272-35-2 .
- Werner Schubert: Favorites . Verlag Bezirksmuseum Favoriten, Vienna 1992.
- Maria Kinz: Livable favorites , J&V Edition Vienna, Vienna 1992, ISBN 3-85058-083-0 .
- Leopold Teifer: The farmers in Oberlaa, Unterlaa and Rothneusiedl , Landwirtschaftliches Casino Oberlaa (ed.), Vienna, November 2011.
- Entry on favorites in the Austria Forum (in the AEIOU Austria Lexicon )
- Favorites on wien.at
- Favorites. In: dasrotewien.at - Web dictionary of the Viennese social democracy. SPÖ Vienna (Ed.)
- Wiener Zeitung : Vienna's "tenth blow" , September 24, 1999 (accessed November 19, 2013)
- Statistics Austria - Population at the beginning of 2002–2020 by municipalities (area status 01/01/2020)
- District council elections 2015
- Website of the City of Vienna
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