Inner City (Vienna)

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Inner City
I. District of Vienna
coat of arms map
Vienna - Inner City District, Wappen.svg
Innere Stadt Leopoldstadt Landstraße Wieden Margareten Mariahilf Neubau Josefstadt Alsergrund Favoriten Simmering Meidling Hietzing Penzing Rudolfsheim-Fünfhaus Ottakring Hernals Währing Döbling Brigittenau Floridsdorf Donaustadt LiesingLocation of Innere Stadt (Vienna) in Vienna (clickable map)
About this picture
Geographic location : 48 ° 13 '  N , 16 ° 22'  E Coordinates: 48 ° 13 '  N , 16 ° 22'  E
Surface: 3.01 km²
Residents: 16,047 (January 1, 2020)
Population density : 5331 inhabitants / km²
Postal code : 1010
Address of the
district office:
Wipplingerstraße 6-8
1010 Vienna
District Head : Markus Figl ( ÖVP )
District council
election 2015
10 8th 6th 10 
A total of 40 seats

The inner city is the 1st district and at the same time part of the historical core of the Austrian capital Vienna . Until the first incorporation in 1850, the part of the district within the Ringstrasse was largely congruent with the city area.

With around 110,000 employees, the 1st district has the most employees of all Vienna districts, which is due to the presence of several administrative authorities, tourism and the many company offices due to its central location.

The inner city is part of the World Heritage Site Historic Center of Vienna .


The 1st district, the Inner City, is located in the center of Vienna. It borders in the northeast on the 2nd district, Leopoldstadt , in the east on the 3rd district, Landstrasse , in the south on the 4th district, the Wieden , in the west on the 6th district, Mariahilf , and the 7th district, New building , as well as the 8th district, the Josefstadt ; in the north to the 9th district, the Alsergrund .

The border to these districts from the Urania is as follows: Wienfluss, Lothringerstraße, Karlsplatz , Getreidemarkt , Museumsplatz, Museumstraße, Auerspergstraße , Landesgerichtsstraße , Universitätsstraße , Maria-Theresien-Straße and Danube Canal.

Originally the inner city was divided into four quarters, which were named after important city gates: Stubenviertel (northeast), Kärntner Viertel (southeast), Widmerviertel (southwest), Schottenviertel (northwest). A statistical breakdown of the district area exists in the census districts in which the census districts of the municipality are summarized. The seven counting districts in the inner city are Altstadt-Ost, Stubenviertel, Opera District, Government District, Stock Exchange District, Altstadt-West and Altstadt-Mitte.


The origins of the inner city go back to a Celtic settlement and the later Roman legion camp Vindobona . Until the suburbs were incorporated in 1850, the history of the city of Vienna was also that of today's 1st district. But even after that, the inner city remained the political, economic and spiritual center of the city; among others with the Vienna City Hall, the Hofburg as the official seat of the Federal President and with St. Stephen's Cathedral, the cathedral of the Archdiocese of Vienna .


Population development

Population development

In 1869 there were 68,079 people living in the district. Since the peak of almost 73,000 inhabitants in 1880, the population has been declining. In 2011, the lowest figure was recorded at just over 16,000 people. The Inner City is the most populous district in Vienna.

Population structure

The proportion of people aged 65 and over is above average at 24.3 percent, as this proportion is 16.9 percent in the entire city of Vienna. The proportion of the population under 15 was 10.4 percent, which is well below the Vienna average of 14.4 percent. The proportion of the female population in 2014 was 52.1 percent on average in Vienna.

Origin and language

The proportion of residents with foreign citizenship was 21.3 percent in 2014, around 3 percent below the average in Vienna. 3.4 percent of the population were German citizens and 1.5 percent citizens of Serbia . 0.8 percent were citizens from Croatia , the remainder other citizens. In 2011, around 33.8 percent of the population was born outside of Austria.


The proportion of people with a Roman Catholic faith is 51.3 percent. There are six Roman Catholic parishes in the municipality that make up city ​​dean 1 . Proportionately behind the people with a Roman Catholic creed, 6.6 percent follow with an evangelical faith and 5.1 percent with an Orthodox creed. Members of the Jewish faith are in fourth place with 3.3 percent. 11 percent belong to other religions and 22.7 percent of the district residents are without religious beliefs.


District council elections 1991–2015
1991 23.59 46.36 15.93 12.01 - nk - nk 2.11
1996 18.90 38.21 19.65 11.35 - 11.27 - nk 0.62
2001 25.64 33.11 17.68 17.34 - 4.41 - nk 1.82
2005 29.84 43.32 6.08 18.30 - 0.73 0.9 nk 0.83
2010 23.44 37.95 10.30 18.37 - 1.26 1.2 6.60 0.9
2015 24.18 25.68 18.73 15.97 9.45 - - 5.09 0.9

The ÖVP has consistently provided the district chairman since 1946 and held the absolute majority of votes and mandates after the Second World War until 1991, while the Social Democratic Party of Austria (SPÖ) took second place during this time. After strong wins by the Freedom Party of Austria (FPÖ) and the Greens , the ÖVP lost its absolute majority of votes and mandates in 1991. In 1996, the ÖVP's share of the vote fell below 40 percent and the FPÖ was able to relegate the SPÖ to third place for the first time. In addition, the Liberal Forum (LIF) succeeded in moving into the district council. In the 2001 elections, the ÖVP continued to lose votes. It only reached 33.1 percent, while the SPÖ came to 25.6 percent thanks to strong gains. The FPÖ fell behind with 17.7 percent and was only just ahead of the Greens (17.34 percent). The LIF lost and only got one mandate. In the district council elections in 2005, the SPÖ figured that it had chances to win the district head for the first time due to poor survey data, whereupon the ÖVP called up the EU parliamentarian Ursula Stenzel as the top candidate . Stenzel was finally able to achieve a big election victory with a vote increase of 10.2 percent, which means that the ÖVP again took first place with 43.3 percent. Despite a gain of 29.8 percent, the SPÖ remained clearly behind the ÖVP, while the Greens rose slightly to 18.3 percent and the FPÖ fell from 11.6 percent to 6.1 percent. However, the trend of the 2005 election was reversed in 2010. The ÖVP lost 5.4 percent, but was able to hold first place with 38.0 percent, as the SPÖ only achieved 23.4 percent. While the Greens remained almost unchanged at 18.4 percent, the FPÖ doubled its mandate with 10.3 percent. For the first time, the list “Wir im Erste” (WIR) was also able to move into the district representation, which reached 6.6 percent. The BZÖ failed despite gains from 0.9 percent to 1.2 percent on the move.

In November 2014, the ÖVP decided to run the 2015 state elections in Vienna with district party leader Markus Figl and no longer with Ursula Stenzel as the top candidate. Stenzel then announced that he was running for the FPÖ on the list for the municipal council as well as in the inner city for the office of district head. The ÖVP was ultimately able to hold first place, while the FPÖ was only third. As a result, Markus Figl was sworn in as district head on December 22, 2015, the latest possible date.

coat of arms

Inner City Coat of Arms

The coat of arms of the 1st district shows a white cross on a red background. It is identical to the breast shield or the simpler form of the Vienna coat of arms , which has been used since the Middle Ages, but is stylistically used in a simpler form than in today's city arms.

The coat of arms used today is documented for the first time from the 1270s, when it was minted on the so-called “Viennese pfennigs”. It is assumed that the coat of arms goes back to the flag of the royal troops in the Middle Ages , since the storm flag of the troops at the time of Rudolf I was designed similarly.

The history of the Vienna coat of arms is presented in detail under this keyword.

Culture and sights


Panoramic view of the inner city from the Hofburg. 1. Natural History Museum , 2. Justice Palace , 3. Parliament , 4. General Hospital , 5. City Hall , 6. Theseus Temple , 7. Votive Church , 8. Burgtheater , 9. Federal Chancellery , 10. Minorite Church , 11. Hofburg (Leopoldine wing), 12. Hofburg (Michaelertrakt), 13. Michaelerkirche , 14. Neue Burg
Kohlmarkt in the 1st district with a view of the Michaelertrakt of the Hofburg

The old town since the lead razing of the city walls from 1858 to 1865 opened ring road and 1,860 completed Franz-Josefs-Kai . The buildings on both sides of the Ringstrasse belong to the 1st district.

As the only synagogue in Vienna survived the Reichspogromnacht despite the considerable devastation of the city ​​temple at Seitenstettengasse 4 .


With more than 60 museums, the Innere Stadt is the district with the most museums in Vienna. The most visited museum in the district and, after Schönbrunn Palace, the most visited museum in Vienna is the Albertina , with around 65,000 drawings and over a million prints, it is one of the largest and most important graphic collections in the world and has been expanded into an art museum in recent years. Another popular museum is the Hofburg (Imperial Apartments, Sisi Museum and Silver Collection), which provides an insight into the life of the Habsburgs. The most famous museums in Vienna include the Museum of Art History and the Museum of Natural History , whose holdings go back to the collections of the Habsburgs. In addition to other museums of the fine arts, such as the Vienna Secession building , the Wiener Künstlerhaus , the Bank Austria Kunstforum and the picture gallery of the Academy of Fine Arts , the collections of the Austrian National Library (including the papyrus museum , map collection and globe collection) are also located in the city center. Other important museums are the Jewish Museum and the former Museum of Ethnology , since 2017 Weltmuseum Wien . Smaller specialty museums such as the Clock Museum, the Roman Museum and the Teddy Bear Museum complete the offer.


Rose blossom in the Volksgarten

The most important parks in the inner city are on the Ringstrasse. The Wiener Stadtpark , opened in 1862, was the city's first municipal park. The Vienna flows through it. There are numerous fountains and monuments here, including the famous Johann Strauss memorial . In the Volksgarten there are, among other things, the monuments to Empress Elisabeth and Franz Grillparzer . The Burggarten was the imperial private garden near the Hofburg and was only made accessible to the public in 1919. The traffic-free Rathausplatz in the middle of the Rathauspark is often used for events such as the parade of the SPÖ on May 1st, the opening of the Wiener Festwochen , the summer music film festival and the “Advent Magic” with the Christmas market. Between the Museum of Art History and the Museum of Natural History is the Maria-Theresien-Park with the Maria-Theresien-Monument , in front of the Votive Church the Sigmund-Freud-Park .

Parts of the irregularly designed area of Karlsplatz are the small green spaces Esperantopark and Girardipark (Resselpark and Rosa-Mayreder-Park belong to the 4th district). The Beethovenpark in front of the Academic School , the Schiller Park before the Academy of Arts . The extension of the Schiller Park to the Ringstrasse is called Robert-Stolz-Park. Within the Ringstrasse are the Hermann-Gmeiner-Park behind the old stock exchange and the Rudolfspark on Rudolfsplatz. Beserl parks are the PaN-Garten on Freyung and the Rock-Park along Schreyvogelgasse .

Economy and Infrastructure

retail trade

The moat is one of the main shopping streets

According to a survey in 2009, the proportion of uses accompanying retail (such as restaurants or service providers) is significantly high at 45% (and thus retail per se is rather underrepresented). This drops massively to 26% in the area of ​​the "Golden U" (this is how the Kärntner Straße - Graben - Kohlmarkt street is called). The average shop size also varies greatly within the two areas. Overall, it is below average at 116 m² (Vienna average: 137 m²), but in the main business area it is 167 m². Compared to a 2004 survey, there is an increase in sales (+ 6.9% to 165,000 m²) and, in particular, retail space (+ 17.2% from 300,000 m²). However, this can also be explained by the more meticulous survey that was shown in less populated areas, such as the textile district in the 1st district.

The sales areas have also increased significantly (the second highest increase in area of ​​all shopping streets). Thanks to the supra-regional radiance of Vienna's second largest retail agglomeration (after Mariahilfer Strasse) (in terms of retail space), a catchment area can be addressed that extends beyond Vienna's city limits. In addition to the sales area, the vacancy area has also increased. Around 25,000 m² of retail space is currently unused in the inner city, which corresponds to a slightly above average value of 8.4%, which deviates only insignificantly in the area of ​​the "Golden U" (7.9%). The number of branches and the proportion of branch space are below average due to the historically small-scale business structure - which has already been decimated but still exists - and, as expected, increases strongly in the area of ​​the "Golden U". The local entrepreneurs who give retail a place-specific character are also more likely to be found in side streets.


Police inspection Deutschmeisterplatz

A total of nine police stations of the Federal Police are established in the inner city. This makes it the district with the most police inspections. You are

Town twinning

See also

Individual evidence

  1. Statistics Austria - Population at the beginning of 2002–2020 by municipalities (area status 01/01/2020)
  2. District council elections 2015
  3. ktv_wwalter: Employment - Statistics. Retrieved April 15, 2018 .
  4. Census of May 15, 2001. Final resident population and number of citizens (with population development since 1869). District of Vienna: Vienna 1., Inner City , on (PDF, 12 kB).
  5. Statistics Austria - Register census 2011
  6. Archive link ( Memento of the original from October 6, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  7. Statistics Austria 2014 ( Memento of the original from October 6, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  8. Statistics Austria 2014 ( Memento of the original from October 6, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  9. Statistics Austria - 2001 Census (PDF; 10 kB)
  10. ^ City of Vienna - Viennese municipal and district council elections
  11. Ursula Stenzel was voted out. In: ORF, November 11, 2014, accessed on March 2, 2020 .
  12. Stenzel is a candidate on the list of the FPÖ , report on the website of the Vienna daily Der Standard from September 1, 2015
  13. Ursula Stenzel is a candidate in the inner city and for the local council on the FP list. Retrieved March 2, 2020 .
  14. 13 10 2015 at 17:37 by Erich Kocina: Innere Stadt: In the footsteps of Ursula Stenzel. October 13, 2015, accessed March 2, 2020 .
  15. news networld Internet Service GmbH: Facts - Stenzel is leaving, Figl is coming. December 22, 2015, accessed March 2, 2020 .
  16. 21 12 2015 at 11:29 am: Departure of the Grande Dame: Stenzel hands over "City" to Figl. December 21, 2015, accessed March 2, 2020 .
  17. Parks and Gardens in the Inner City . Website of the City of Vienna, accessed on July 13, 2011.
  18. Location + Markt S + M Documentation Vienna Business Streets 2009.
  19. ^ Austrian-Japanese relations. Austrian Embassy Tokyo, accessed on June 13, 2013 .
  20. Testvérvárosaink. Sister cities on the Budapest District I website (Hungarian)
  21. ^ Chongqing Municipal Government


  • Ernst Grabovszki: Inner City, Vienna, 1st district . Verlag Sutton, Erfurt 2002, ISBN 3-89702-467-5
  • Ingeborg Gaisbauer: Vienna I, Tuchlauben 17: sequence of building structures and ceramic finds from Roman times to the late Middle Ages . Diploma thesis, University of Vienna, 2002
  • Elisabeth Lichtenberger: The old town of Vienna: from the medieval town to the city . Deuticke, Vienna 1971, ISBN 3-7005-4428-6
  • Henriette Mandl: Viennese old town walks . Ueberreuter, Vienna 1987, ISBN 3-8000-3238-4
  • Manfred Wehdorn: Vienna. The historic center: UNESCO World Heritage Site . Springer, Vienna 2004, ISBN 3-211-20157-2
  • Martina Pippal : Small history of art in Vienna , Verlag CH Beck , Munich 2000, ISBN 3-406-45858-0
  • Manfred Wehdorn : Building age plan Vienna-Inner City . freytag & berndt, Vienna 2011, ISBN 978-3-7079-1379-8

Web links

Commons : Innere Stadt  - album with pictures, videos and audio files