A counting district (abbreviated to ZSP ) is the smallest area in the official Austrian statistics for which statistical data is collected separately. Counting blocks are administered by Statistics Austria (STAT). The census district ( ZB ) is superordinate , only Vienna - as a federal state, district, municipality and statutory city at the same time a special case - is divided according to the census area .
Counting districts are parts of a municipality . Municipalities that are divided into counting districts are called counting districts. Municipalities that are not divided into counting districts ( non-counting districts ) can also be viewed as consisting of a single counting district.
Counting districts are, with the localities , also the smallest units for which the results of population censuses and other censuses of the number of buildings, apartments, households, resident population, etc. are available as standard: If there are several localities in one district (e.g. in non-census districts) If these are the smallest, if a village is subdivided into several districts, the districts are the smallest unit.
Counting districts are not administrative units or areas of responsibility of authorities, but of official statistics . You can change the counts and their evaluations according to the requirements of the official statistics. In the event of changes, however, it is important that the counting results remain comparable.
The word Sprengel comes from the administrative language . It originally meant the official district of a clergyman, actually the area that was accessible from his holy water sprinkler ( Aspergill ). The word was subsequently used in the parlance of Austrian authorities to denote a smaller area as an object of administration ( school district , doctor district , election district , etc.).
Formation of counting groups
Counting blocks have the purpose of creating comparable survey and evaluation units. At present, all municipalities with an expected population of more than 2,000 are divided into census clusters, with an average population of 1,000 people (ranging from 300 to 2,000).
Taking this statistical criterion into account, those areas are determined as census clusters that are as homogeneous as possible in terms of their structure, development and function.
- In cities, for example, the following are listed as census districts:
centers, residential areas of various building ages and building types, industrial-commercial areas, agricultural peripheral areas, characteristic conglomerate areas or areas according to their traffic-related or topographical location. This can lead to individual blocks of flats or residential complexes forming their own census districts if they stand out clearly from the surrounding settlement structure. Examples of this are the block of flats and residential complexes listed in the example below - they are located in residential areas that otherwise largely include single-family houses with gardens.
- In rural areas, the following are listed as census districts:
dense central districts and loosely built surrounding districts or, if there is only one closed built-up settlement, the old town center and the remaining parts of a settlement. Municipalities with a homogeneous settlement structure were subdivided on suitable lines such as railways, roads, paths, rivers or Kastastral municipality boundaries.
Counting districts are in terms of work technology (as a basis for statistics), but not in terms of area the successors of the earlier conscription communities.
In order to show the development of municipalities that were later dissolved or merged over longer periods of time, all municipalities that were independent in 1961 or later are shown as census districts of these larger municipalities (unification municipalities ) .
This also applies analogously to larger boundary changes. In these cases, the number of inhabitants is not taken into account. Municipalities that no longer exist due to the amalgamation of municipalities (incorporations) that took place before 1961 can no longer be generally traced from the census clusters. This applies in particular to the area of Vienna and its former peripheral communities such as Liesing , Rodaun , Kalksburg , Siebenhirten , Atzgersdorf , etc., which are now part of the 23rd district of Vienna .
Counting districts have very different sizes: they can cover one hectare, but also hundreds and, in the case of smaller communities, thousands of hectares. As an example, the counting districts of the municipality of Perchtoldsdorf south of Vienna:
|Community code||Parish name||Counting block number||Counting area name||surface|
|31719||Perchtoldsdorf||31,719,000||Perchtoldsdorf - center||68.79|
|31719||Perchtoldsdorf||31719 010||Elevated road||20.92|
|31719||Perchtoldsdorf||31719 020||Villa area Sonnbergstrasse||193.63|
|31719||Perchtoldsdorf||31719 021||Perchtoldsdorf - West||525.26|
|31719||Perchtoldsdorf||31719 022||Grienauergasse - Brunner Gasse||27.68|
|31719||Perchtoldsdorf||31719 023||Wiener Gasse - Mühl Gasse||24.98|
|31719||Perchtoldsdorf||31719 030||Back sauces - hell bar||50.03|
|31719||Perchtoldsdorf||31719 031||Ketzergasse - Bahnzeile||52.46|
|31719||Perchtoldsdorf||31719 032||Römerfeldgasse - Mühlgasse - Mozartgasse||54.85|
|31719||Perchtoldsdorf||31719 033||Greiner Strasse - Eigenheimstrasse||49.26|
|31719||Perchtoldsdorf||31719 034||Aspettengasse residential complex||9.00|
|31719||Perchtoldsdorf||31719 040||Apartment block Klieber Gasse||1.33|
|31719||Perchtoldsdorf||31719 050||Perchtoldsdorf - East||116.55|
Designation of counting blocks
The counting districts of Vienna are called counting areas .
Each counting district is described by an eight-digit number, with the first five digits representing the municipality code (1st position: federal state, 2nd / 3rd statutory town / district, 4th / 5th municipality largely alphabetically), the sixth and seventh for the counting district and the eighth for the counting district.
The first census district of a municipality is generally designated with 000 in the last three places. Only in Vienna do the counting districts (counting areas) begin with 010.
A municipality or town that is spread over several districts is designated with an "X".
Pölfing-Brunn 60323 X
- Brunn X - ZSP 000, 001
- Jagernigg - ZSP 001
- Pölfing - ZSP 001
- Counting area overview:
- Brunn-Dorf 60 323 000
- Pölfing-Brunn-Jagernigg 60323 001
The names of the counting districts are not generally given: Counting districts in Vienna and other cities are only identified by their numbers. Where there are systematic census districts, only these are usually named.
Several counting districts: counting district (statistical district)
A census district can comprise one or more census districts. Counting districts are used to identify similar counting areas, e.g. B. to be summarized in internal administrative units, municipal districts or common subdivisions. You no longer have to form a closed settlement area.
There are three groups of census districts:
- Counting districts that are identical to the municipalities if these are subdivided into a maximum of 10 counting districts
- Auxiliary units for the numbering of those municipalities that have arisen through a change of area and show more than 10 counting districts, although these do not differ structurally
- Real census districts that stand out from each other through structure and function, i.e. H. Summarize similarly structured census districts (e.g. old town area, residential areas), or represent internal municipal administrative units (e.g. municipality districts) or represent common and sometimes schematic subdivisions of municipalities.
Innsbruck - municipality code 701 01
- Innsbruck-Altstadt - counting district 70 101 00: counting district 70 101 000, 70 101 001
- Inner City-North - counting district 70101 02: counting district 70101 020, 70101 021
- Inner City West - Counting District 70101 03: Counting District 70101 030–70101 033
- The statutory city of Innsbruck then has a total of 177 census districts, which are grouped into 42 census districts, whereby the groups correspond to the structure of the city itself and the incorporated localities, e.g. B. 4 counting districts for the district of Arzl (numbers 60-63) with 16 districts, one for the village of Vill (70) with only one district (700).
Publication of counts
In the boundary cadastre (property database ) according to the Surveying Act , the counting areas are to be reproduced in accordance with the notification from Statistics Austria . Border cadastre entries are accessible via the geographic information systems GIS of the Austrian federal states (portal geoland .at).
Use of counting blocks
Other censuses are linked to the censuses of official statistics, B. the supply planning for electrical energy according to the electricity statistics regulation. Coverage areas within the meaning of this ordinance are:
- urban supply areas census districts with a resident population of more than 1000 inhabitants per square kilometer of permanent settlement area.
- rural supply areas census districts with a resident population of no more than 1000 inhabitants per square kilometer of permanent settlement area.
Counting districts are not electoral districts
Counting districts and electoral districts have nothing to do with each other. They can, but do not have to be, congruent.
The division of the electoral district is based on capacity and accessibility criteria: They are set up in such a way that, for example, on election day around seventy voters per hour can cast their votes in an electoral district or a polling station can be reached within a reasonable time.
- Statistics Austria [STAT] (Ed.): Ortverzeichnis 2001 . 9 volumes, 2004/2004, text part 1. Regarding the systematic index number 11. Counting districts and counting districts , p. 15 ( statistik.at [PDF] STAT → Regional, joint explanation of the country volumes). ; also statistical census clusters. STAT, accessed in 2010 (→ Regional).
- Statistical census clusters and their application in thematic cartography
- Population according to census district 1.1.2016, area status 1.1.2016 (PDF)
- STAT: Ortverzeichnis Steiermark 2001. PDF p. 65
- Quoted verbatim STAT (ed.): Ortverzeichnis 2001 . S. 15 .
- STAT: Ortverzeichnis Tirol 2001. PDF pp. 28–35
- The border cadastre consists of the technical operator, the property register and the address register. As far as technically possible, it is to be carried out with the help of automation (property database).
- Electricity Statistics Ordinance 2007, Federal Law Gazette II No. 284/2007.
- § 53 National Council election regulations 1992 - NRWO. Federal Law Gazette No. 471/1992.