XI. Viennese district
|coat of arms||map|
|Geographic location :||48 ° 10 ′ N , 16 ° 27 ′ E|
|Residents:||104,434 (January 1, 2020)|
|Population density :||4488 inhabitants / km²|
|Postal code :||1110|
|Address of the
|District Head :||Paul Stadler ( FPÖ )|
|A total of 60 seats|
|Map: Simmering with parts of the district|
Simmering is the 11th district of Vienna . It was formed in 1892 from the independent communities Simmering and Kaiserebersdorf as well as small parts of other communities. In 1956 the municipality of Albern , which was independent until 1938, was added.
Among the Viennese districts, Simmering is known as a classic workers and industrial district and as the location of the largest cemetery in Austria, the Vienna Central Cemetery . Almost all of Vienna's transport links with areas to the east and south-east of the city in Austria and its neighboring countries run through the district.
Simmering is located in the south-east of Vienna and, with an area of 23.22 km², is the eighth largest district in Vienna. Simmering takes up 5.6% of the area of Vienna. The district borders the Danube Canal in the northeast . In the extreme south-east of the district area, remnants of the formerly large alluvial forests have been preserved. The Simmeringer Haide connects to the northwest , the formerly wooded area of which is now partially built up or dedicated to vegetable farming. A high proportion of the district area is grassland (44.4%), around half of which is agricultural land. The north and east, however, are largely built up. The Vienna Central Cemetery occupies extensive areas in the southwest . The highest point in Simmering can be found on the Ostbahn in the area of the Gadnergasse / Bitterlichstrasse intersection. The lowest point in the district is 151 meters on the so-called rescue hill (northeast of the Wildpretstraße - Seeschlachtweg intersection). At 152 meters deep, there are also areas of North Albern and south of Albern. Depending on the water level, the shore area at Albern Harbor is even lower.
The district of Simmering was mainly shaped by the Danube, which over the years formed several terraces . During the Ice Age in particular, large masses of debris formed due to frost, which the Danube carried into the Vienna Basin . In the warm-time phases, the Danube cut into the gravel body and formed terraces, the terraces getting older with increasing distance from the Danube or the Danube Canal. There are several Danube terraces in the district area, the height of which increases from the Danube Canal to the southwest. In the east of the district near the Danube Canal lies the "zone of recent meanders", to which Albern and the main sewage treatment plant in Vienna belong. The Prater terrace from the Holocene extends from Leopoldstadt to the parish church of St. Laurenz and the Neugebauten Castle . A steep edge, which can still be seen in this area, leads to the higher city terrace from the crack ice age , on which, among other things, the Vienna Central Cemetery is located. To the east of this, close to the district border, the Theresianum terrace connects, the northeast border of which largely corresponds to the route of the Aspangbahn . In the extreme northeast, Simmering also has a small share of the arsenal terrace ( Minde Ice Age ).
The structure of the terraces is always the same with the exception of the youngest terrace (zone of the recent meander). The subsoil consists mainly of Tegel and partly sandy deposits from the Pannonian , which reach a height of around 350 meters near Sankt Marx . Above it lie layers of gravel that were piled up during the Ice Ages and that have been weathered to varying degrees depending on age. The top layer is made of loess that was blown from the foothills of the Alps. On the youngest terrace, on the other hand, there are sediments such as fine sand and silite above the gravel layer. The rocks of the gravel layer were mainly formed from erosion from the Alps and the Bohemian Massif . The flat stones are usually sandstone from the nearby Vienna Woods . The round pebbles consist largely of crystalline rocks such as granite , gneiss and quartz . The granites, like the black amphibolites, come from the Bohemian Massif . The gray to greenish gneiss was removed from the Central Alps and the Bohemian Massif. Other round to oval gravels consist of lime and come from the Northern Limestone Alps .
Simmering is located on the Danube Canal, but has no share of the water surface. In the southeast near Albern , however, Simmering encompasses a 1.5 km long stretch of the Danube. Here is also the Albern harbor and the associated “Blue Water”, a protected area of 58 hectares. In the immediate vicinity is the Schneidergrund, an oxbow lake of the Danube.
The Schwechat originally flowed between Albern and Neu-Albern through the district area. The so-called Neubach, until then the confluence of the Schwechat into the Danube, disappeared from the city maps between 1976 and 1983: The river was diverted from the city of Schwechat into the previously so-called Kalten Gang.
Smaller flowing waters also originally existed in the district area. The Klebindergraben (Gröretgraben) with a length of 890 meters is now canalised, the sea battle ditch was filled in after a municipal council resolution from 1976.
Simmering was formed in 1892 from the two previously independent communities Simmering and Kaiserebersdorf , which still exist today as the Viennese cadastral communities . During the expansion to Greater Vienna in 1938, Silly came to what was then the 23rd district, Schwechat , belonged to the 2nd district, Leopoldstadt , in 1954 and 1955 , and was attached to Simmering on January 1st, 1956.
The district area is largely divided into two parts between Simmering in the north and Kaiserebersdorf in the south, while Albern only covers a small area in the southeast. In the north of Simmering, a small part of the Landstrasse cadastral community extends to the district area. Simmering is located in the north and northwest of the district and in the south extends roughly to the Seeschlachtgraben, Florian-Hedorfer-Straße and Anton-Steinböck-Gasse lines. Smaller parts of the Simmering cadastral community extend to Favoriten and in the north into the Landstrasse district. The Simmering part of the district comprises large parts of the residential and industrial building areas in the district, including the Vienna gas works and the Vienna electricity works. To the south-west of Simmering lies Kaiserebersdorf, which includes the Neugebuilding as well as the central cemetery and, like Simmering (as far as the cadastral community is concerned), extends over the district border to Favoriten. Albern borders on the Danube Canal and in the north on the Donauländebahn , which further to the west forms the southern border with Lower Austria . In addition to the old town center, this part of the district also includes Neu-Albern and the Albern harbor.
There is also a breakdown of the district area into the counting districts of the official statistics, in which the counting areas of the municipality are summarized. The 13 counting districts in Simmering are Gaswerk Simmering, Alt-Simmering, Enkplatz, Geiselberg, Hasenleiten, Zentralfriedhof, Obere Simmeringer Haide, E-Werk Simmering, Untere Simmeringer Haide, Leberberg, Kaiser-Ebersdorf, Albern and Simmeringer Bad. However, the boundaries of the Kaiser-Ebersdorf and Albern census districts do not match those of the cadastral communities of the same name.
Neighboring districts and municipalities
The district of Simmering borders the Danube Canal in the northeast , with the district border opposite Leopoldstadt running along the right bank of the Danube Canal (Simmeringer Lände). After the Praterspitz, the border changes to the middle of the Danube, where it separates Simmering from the Danube city until shortly before the pipe bridge.
The southern district border opposite the Lower Austrian community Schwechat runs south of the Alberner Hafen and Alberns, then immediately south of the Donauländebahn to the west.
The eastern border across from Favoriten runs northwards along the Eastern Railway , mostly on the eastern edge of the main tracks.
In the northwest, the district border runs from the underpass of the Gudrunstraße / Geiselbergstraße under the Ostbahn at Gräßlplatz in a zigzag south of the Arsenal and the Sankt Marxer Friedhof and through the industrial development area of the Landstraße and Simmering districts, lastly along Erdbergstraße, to the bridge of the Ostbahnast to Stadlau over the Danube Canal.
Simmering's construction area comprises 35.8% (33.32% throughout Vienna) of the district area. Only 37.0% of the building area is residential, the lowest figure in any Viennese district. Correspondingly, company areas in Simmering achieve the highest value in Vienna with a share of 50.6% of the building area. Cultural, religious, sporting or public building areas, on the other hand, are low with a share of 6.3% of the building area. In Simmering, green spaces make up a total of 44.4%. 45.2% of the green space is used for agricultural purposes, the fourth highest value in Vienna. The majority of the remaining green space (29.3%) is made up of parks, especially the central cemetery. Another 7.6% of the green space is accounted for by forests, 7.5% by allotment gardens and 7.7% by meadows. 2.0% of Simmering is taken up by waters, 17.80% is accounted for by traffic areas.
|Construction area||Green space||Waters||Traffic areas|
|Housing||Service area||public facilities||Agriculture||Parks||Woods||grasslands||Allotments||Leisure areas|
For the history of the municipality of Simmering up to the incorporation in 1892 see: Simmering (Vienna district part) .
A settlement already existed in the area of today's Csokorgasse in the late Bronze Age . The town of Simmering was mentioned for the first time in 1028, Kaiserebersdorf in 1108 and Albern in 1162. From 1605 there was a brewery in Simmering , which was an important source of income for the town for over three centuries.
In 1832, today's straight bed of the Danube Canal between the gasworks and the Freudenau horse racing track was created with a puncture . Before that, the Danube Canal flowed through today's Mauthnerwasser at the Lusthaus (2nd district since 1850) into the main river of the Danube, so that the Freudenau was directly connected to the Simmeringer Haide.
In 1874 the Vienna Central Cemetery was opened in Kaiserebersdorf, which was expanded several times and is one of the largest cemeteries in Europe. In its center is the Karl Borromeo Church, built from 1908 to 1919 in Art Nouveau style.
On the Simmeringer Haide between the villages of Simmering and Kaiserebersdorf, festivities, artillery exercises, horse races and public executions were once carried out. In 1909, Louis Blériot demonstrated the aircraft with which he had been the first to cross the English Channel three months earlier in front of 300,000 spectators . The Haide was reduced in size around 1900 by the E-Werk and since the 1960s by residential and infrastructure buildings and is now crossed by the Ostautobahn.
On January 1, 1892, Simmering and Kaiserebersdorf as well as small parts of Kledering , Schwechat and Albern were incorporated into the 11th district; the district name of the more important place, Simmering, was chosen. Districts 12 to 19 were also formed on the same day.
On October 15, 1938, an ordinance issued by the National Socialist mayor was published in which the district boundaries of Greater Vienna, which was built on the same day, were established. Simmering lost territorial strips west of the Ostbahn to the neighboring district of Favoriten to the west. Silly became part of what was then the 23rd district of Vienna, Schwechat.
During the Second World War, between August 20, 1944 and the evacuation to Gusen concentration camp on April 2, 1945 , there was a satellite camp of Mauthausen concentration camp on Simmeringer Haide, in 2. Haidequerstraße, under the name "Wien-West, Saurerwerke " . The inmates of the camp, forced laborers (Eastern workers), concentration camp prisoners from Mauthausen and Hungarian Jews, produced tank engines in the Saurer works on Haidestrasse and in the Neugebau castle on Kaiserebersdorfer Strasse. After the end of the war, the Austrian state police , which at that time were increasingly in communist hands, operated labor and detention camps for National Socialists in Geiselbergstrasse and Simmeringer Haide until 1946.
In 1954, Albern became part of the 2nd district , as this way the refineries remained in the Soviet sector of Vienna . Only after the conclusion of the state treaty did Simmering come about in early 1956.
After that, there were three smaller border shifts in the district area. The north-western border to the Landstraße district was affected: in the Schlechtastraße and Hüttenbrennergasse area between Gudrunstraße and Sankt Marxer Friedhof (in 1995), in the Urschenböckgasse and Litfaßstraße (in 2000) and in the Döblerhofstraße, Guglgasse, Paragonstraße and Erdbergstraße (in 2003). In addition to traffic areas, industrial and commercial areas in particular were added to the respective other municipal district.
The steady increase in the population of Simmering has seen only two cuts since 1869: after the First World War, noticeable in the decline in the number of residents between 1910 and 1923, and after the Second World War, when the population fell by around 7,000 between 1939 and 1951. However, after both events, population growth quickly resumed its usual course. The highest population level in Simmering's history is also the current one, which was 95,162 people at the beginning of 2015.
The age structure of the Simmering population in 2001 was one of the youngest in Vienna. The number of children under 15 years of age was 16.9%, well above the Vienna-wide value of 14.7% and was only exceeded by the Donaustadt district . The proportion of the population between 15 and 59 years of age was also above average at 64.7% (Vienna: 63.6%), with Simmering also having 28.6% of people between 15 and 34 years of age (Vienna: 26 , 7%) benefited. In contrast, the proportion of people aged 60 or more was only 18.5% (Vienna: 21.7%) and was therefore the second lowest value after the Danube city. The gender distribution in the district was 48.3% men and 51.7% women, the number of married Simmeringers with a share of 42.8% compared to 41.2% was above the average in Vienna.
Origin and language
The proportion of foreign residents in the district was 15.5% in 2005 (Vienna: 18.7%), and compared to 2001 (12.7%), as in the entire federal state, it shows an upward trend. The highest proportion of foreigners in 2005 was made up of around 3.7% of the district population, citizens of Serbia and Montenegro . Another 2.3% were Turkish , 1.1% Polish , 0.9% Croatian and 1.0% Bosnian citizens. In 2001, a total of 21.7% of the Simmeringen population was not born in Austria. 5.2% therefore spoke Serbian as the colloquial language , 4.6% Turkish and 2.3% Croatian .
The religious beliefs of the population in the Simmering district are largely in line with Vienna's average. With a share of 50.5%, the share of residents with a Roman Catholic denomination was just above the parish average of 49.2%. There are seven Roman Catholic parishes and 3 religious orders and institutes that make up the city dean's office 11 in the municipality . The proportion of people with an Islamic faith was 8.4%, slightly above the average in Vienna, the proportion of the population with Orthodox or Protestant faith, with 4.9% and 4.0%, respectively, slightly below the average in Vienna. 26.6% of the district population did not belong to any religious community, 5.6% had given no information or indicated a different religious denomination.
|District chairman since 1892|
|1938-1945||no district heads|
|District chairman since 1945|
|4 / 1945–7 / 1945||Eduard Pantucek ( SPÖ )|
|1945–1952||Max Wopenka ( SPÖ )|
|1952-1964||Josef Haas ( SPÖ )|
|1964-1973||Wilhelm Weber ( SPÖ )|
|1973-1980||Johann Paulas ( SPÖ )|
|1980-1989||Otto Mraz ( SPÖ )|
|1989-2001||Franz Haas ( SPÖ )|
|2001-2003||Otmar Brix ( SPÖ )|
|2003-2014||Renate Angerer ( SPÖ )|
|2014-2015||Eva-Maria Hatzl ( SPÖ )|
|2015–||Paul Johann Stadler ( FPÖ )|
Simmering was already a stronghold of the Social Democrats at the beginning of the 20th century . In the district council elections of 1919, the Social Democrats were the strongest party with 21 seats, ahead of the Christian Socials with seven seats; the Czech List had two seats. Due to the influence of the Social Democrats in Red Vienna and Simmering, 19 residential complexes, so-called community buildings, were built in the district by 1934 . The rise of the National Socialists in Austria met with little echo in Simmering; in 1932 they achieved the worst district result in all of Vienna with 7.2%. Even after 1945 the district was strongly dominated by the SPÖ . She also hired all the district heads of the post-war period. In the mid-1990s, however, the SPÖ also lost the absolute majority of votes in Simmering due to the rise of the FPÖ , but retained the majority of the mandate as a result of a change in officials from the ranks of the FPÖ. In the district council elections in Simmering in 1996, the SPÖ slipped from almost 59% to just under 48%, while the FPÖ was able to gain 31% of the vote. But in the following elections in 2001 this trend was reversed. The SPÖ received 59.22% of the vote, the FPÖ with 21.37%, the ÖVP with 9.82%, the Greens with 6.77% and the LIF with 2.06% just won a mandate.
|year||SPÖ||ÖVP||FPÖ||Green||NEOS / LIF||GFW||Others|
In the district council elections in 2005, this development was reinforced slightly: SPÖ (+1.4%), ÖVP (+0.8%) and Greens (+1.1%) increased slightly, the FPÖ lost slightly (−3.21 %). With 33 seats, the Social Democrats still hold the absolute majority of seats; the Liberal Forum, the Communist Party and the Alliance for the Future of Austria do not move into the district representation. The district council elections in 2010 put an end to the absolute majority of votes of the Social Democrats in the district, which has existed again since 2001. The SPÖ loses 11.5% and 6 seats, but retains the absolute majority, the ÖVP loses 2.9% and 1 seat, the Greens 1.5% and also 1 seat. The Simmering mandates are distributed as follows: SPÖ 27, ÖVP 4, Greens 3 and FPÖ 18. In 2015, the FPÖ overtook the Social Democrats for a mandate, with Paul Stadler for the first time in the history of Vienna there is a free district head.
coat of arms
The coat of arms of the 11th district is divided into three parts and stands for the three former municipalities from which the district was formed.
The silver capital letter "S" on a blue background stands for the Simmering district . The name has been documented since 1028, when Simmering is mentioned for the first time as "Simanningen". It can be assumed that it is a settlement of the people of Simon or Sindman.
The jumping unicorn on a golden background stands for Kaiserebersdorf . It comes from the coat of arms of those von Hintperg-Ebersdorf, who originally held the manorial power of the area. As "Ebersdorf", the seat of the powerful ruling family has been occupied since 1162. In 1499 it was exchanged to Emperor Maximilian I. Hence the addition "Kaiser".
The third, lower part of the coat of arms shows the symbol of the former municipality of Albern . The blue disc with crossed fish shown on a red background stands for fishing , which had an old tradition in Albern. The name of the area is derived from the local poplar poplar population. It is documented for the first time in 1162.
Culture and sights
Parish church Altsimmering
The parish church Altsimmering (also: St. Laurenz Church ) in Kobelgasse is located in the former center of Simmering. It was first mentioned in a document in 1267, making it one of the oldest churches in Vienna. It was badly damaged during the first and second Turkish sieges of Vienna ; the church in its present form was built in 1746. The Simmering cemetery is directly adjacent to the church .
Parish church Neusimmering
The construction of the parish church Neusimmering on Enkplatz was planned since the 1870s, as the old parish church St. Laurenz no longer offered the necessary capacities due to the growing population. But the foundation stone was not laid until October 1907, and after around three years of construction, the church building designed by the architect Johann Schneider was ceremoniously consecrated on December 7th, 1910 and thus given its purpose. The neo-Romanesque sacred building holds 2800 people and was completely renovated from 1999. The altarpiece, originally from the Klosterneuburg collegiate church , was made by Leopold Kupelwieser .
The Roman Catholic parish church of St. Lukas is located at Anton-Steinböck-Gasse 6, near Wilhelm-Kreß-Platz. In the spring of 1988, Auxiliary Bishop Florian Kuntner laid the foundation stone for the new church, and on November 1, 1988 the parish exposition of St. Luke was set up in the registers. And on April 2, 1989, a Sunday service was celebrated in the church for the first time. The consecration of the three bells, the parish kindergarten, the parish hall and the rectory was carried out by Cardinal Hans Hermann Groër on December 23, 1989, who also inaugurated the church on March 4, 1990.
Churches in the central cemetery
The central cemetery is home to the cemetery church of St. Karl Borromeo (also: Dr. Karl Lueger Memorial Church), which was built between 1908 and 1910 in the central main axis of the area and, with its high dome, is visible from afar . The burial church designed by the architect Max Hegele is one of the most important Art Nouveau church buildings today . From 1995 to 2000 it was subjected to extensive restoration work, including the original dome, which was destroyed in the Second World War and then only poorly repaired. Also in the central cemetery (in group of graves 21 on the cemetery wall to the left of the 2nd gate) is the Russian Orthodox cemetery church of St. Lazarus, consecrated in 1895, which was built from the proceeds of a collection from Archpriest Mikhail Fyodorowitsch Rajewski .
Evangelical Church AB
The Church of Faith is an Evangelical Lutheran church building designed by the architect Roland Rainer . It was built from 1962 to 1963 and is located on the edge of the Braunhuber Park at Braunhubergasse 20. It also looks after the Ghanaian community.
Romanian Orthodox Parish Church
The Romanian Orthodox parish church is located on Simmeringer Platz, which was redesigned in 2000 and was built from 2002 to 2003. It is the seat of the Romanian Orthodox community in Vienna.
Parish church in Kaiserebersdorf
The parish church of Kaiserebersdorf - also known as St. Peter and Paul or the pilgrimage church Maria am Baume - is located at Münnichplatz . As early as 1192, a church and its own cemetery in Kaiserebersdorf was mentioned in the papal tithe index of the Vatican Library . Over time, the church house was repeatedly affected by events such as floods and wars, worst of all during the two Turkish sieges of Vienna in 1529 and 1683 .
Although the place was far outside of Vienna at the time, it was badly damaged along with the church, and from 1692 it was completely rebuilt in the late Baroque style. In 1696 the tower was finally restored. In 1747 the church building was expanded in its present form by the well-known archbishop and imperial baroque master builder Mathias Gerl (1712–1762), who came from the important master builder family Gerl. In 1766 the portrait of Maria am Baume , which attracts countless pilgrims and thus turns the church into a pilgrimage church , was attached to the high altar.
The interior of the church shows a single nave, barrel vaulted nave. The late baroque high altar is characterized by the miraculous image with the metal replica of the tree, the mighty figures of Peter and Paul (the namesake for the church building) refer to the patronage of the church. The side altars show late baroque pictures of Anna the third and St. Florian . At the beginning of the 1970s, a redesign was carried out in accordance with the new requirements, which included a change in the steps in the altar area and the construction of a mobile, simple wooden table as a people's altar and a simple lectern as an ambo .
In the course of an interior renovation of the church, the creation of a permanent and worthy sanctuary solution was made. The award-winning project created by the architects Geiswinkler & Geiswinkler is characterized by its modern design and use of modern materials. The altar consists of a green-gray marble block that is polished on the top and is perceived as roughly hewn rock on the underside. The shape of the altar as a rock is reminiscent of Christ, the color green-gray is related to the design of the high altar and the smooth, polished surface symbolizes the table around which the congregation gathers. A special feature are numerous steel rods made of burnished stainless steel, which, in different thicknesses, carry the marble mensa in an irregular arrangement from a metal plate (also burnished stainless steel) and penetrate it. Another smaller, roughly hewn rock, in which the reliquary capsule was inserted for the consecration of the altar, hovers between the steel posts. The ambo consists of a metal loop made of burnished stainless steel. The metal bow is a symbol of the scroll. At the beginning and at the end of the loop the gospel book can be placed for lectures and presentations. A special feature is the lightness and elegance of the powerful design. Due to the material, shape and design, the ambo can represent its meaning and thus stands out against the existing baroque artistic design without ingratiation. The altar consecration took place in 2002 by Archbishop Christoph Schönborn .
The parish is also responsible for the care of the Maria Queen of Heaven chapel in the Vienna Simmering prison .
Evangelical Community Center Arche
The Arche evangelical community center is located at 7 Svetelskystraße; the modern church building was designed by the architect Christoph Thetter and built in 1997. Thetter has combined all parts of the parish center - the church, the kindergarten and the parish apartment - in an elongated large form with inner courtyards and covered arcades. The nave itself rises as a larch wood-clad cube measuring twelve by twelve by twelve meters from a brightly plastered plinth of ancillary buildings. The church is glazed all around up to a height of 2.5 meters, the resulting air space above is illuminated by a surrounding skylight. The harmonious proportions and details create an atmosphere that is light and friendly.
Parish church St. Benedikt am Leberberg
Right next to it in Svetelskystraße 9 is the modern, also bright and light-flooded Roman Catholic parish church of St. Benedikt am Leberberg , which is dedicated to St. Benedict . This church building was designed by the master builder of St. Stephan , Wolfgang Zehetner. Walter Michl and Walter Zschokke were responsible for revising the project for the purpose of final execution. The foundation stone was laid on May 5th, 1996. Archbishop Christoph Schönborn was able to consecrate the church on June 8th, 1997. The parish leader is Carmine Rea, born in Naples , Italy in 1966. He is supported in his work by the chaplain Giovanni Risaliti from Prato near Florence . The church also looks after the Chaldean Catholic community.
Monastery and Church of St. Raphael
The St. Raphael Monastery in Molitorgasse 33 was acquired in 1926 by the "Congregation of Benedictine Sisters of Adoration". The house was originally a villa belonging to the Simmering factory owner Josef Koch, who died in 1918. The children's home housed here as a branch of the Congregation got its name from the former Caritas day-care center , which was run by the Sisters of Mercy of St. Cross was led. The sisters continued the work of the Caritas association in Molitorgasse. Until the beginning of the Second World War, they looked after children in day care and in fully assisted living. During the war it was mainly children of Jewish descent and children with special needs who were looked after by the sisters.
Even in the difficult post-war period, the sisters took care of a large number of children. In 1950, the St. Raphael House was expanded to meet the growing demands of contemporary pedagogy and to create suitable rooms for the growing number of children. But as early as 1955, the increasing number of children brought another lack of space. But the extension was very problematic due to the structure of the house, an old villa, and also associated with high costs. It was decided to demolish the old villa and build a new building for it. Thorough considerations led to the decision for a new three-story building. So in the years 1965–1968 a new monastery with a church was built. This had to be carried out in two construction phases so that both the sisters and the children had accommodation during the construction period. The monastery is not only responsible for children and young people, but also for the pastoral care of the Vietnamese community.
Convent of the Franciscan Sisters
The Simmering Monastery is located at Simmeringer Hauptstrasse 175 and is subordinate to the order of the Franciscan Sisters of the Sorrowful Mother in Vienna. In the religious house is u. a. the Franciscan Meeting Center and the Clare House , a private kindergarten and after-school care center of the School Association of School Sisters of the 3rd Order of St. Francis , housed. After the monastery opened on November 24, 1894, the sisters started a children's institution on a private basis in the modest rooms of their house . In 1959 the after-school care center was run as a mixed group for the first time; it previously consisted of a separate girls and boys day care center. Due to the legal and social changes in the parental leave period, the decision to open a toddler group was made in 1999.
In addition, there are a few smaller churches, chapels and parishes of various faiths in the district.
Communal residential buildings from the interwar period
In the traditional working class district of Simmering there are some architecturally interesting, now listed communal residential complexes in Red Vienna from the interwar period . On Simmeringer Hauptstrasse, not far from the central cemetery, there is the Weißenböckstrasse settlement , which was built in two construction stages in 1923 and 1928, based on designs by Franz Kaym and Alfons Hetmanek.
Between 1923 and 1926, six community buildings were built around Herderplatz and Herderpark. Design elements of the Dr.-Franz-Klein-Hof designed by Karl Krist are arcades and the use of pointed arches, while the Karl-Höger-Hof and Friedrich-Engels-Hof residential complexes planned by Franz Kaym, Alfons Hetmanek and Hugo Gorge have a more functional held facade with geometric ornaments in the window area. The Alfons-Petzold-Hof has romantic stylistic devices, the two facilities at the northern end of the Herderpark are the Josef-Scheu-Hof and the Widholzhof designed by Engelbert Mang . Some of the buildings were the scene of fighting between the Republican Protection Association and the armed forces during the February uprising of 1934 .
Gasometer - Gasometer Music City
The gasometers in Guglgasse are among the best-known and most visible landmarks of Simmering, even though they are just on the border with the Landstrasse district. The buildings were erected from 1896 to 1899 and served as gas containers for the Simmering gas works until 1984 . For a number of years, the buildings, which have been under monument protection since 1978, were occasionally used as an event location until a long-term reuse was decided in the 1990s. An extensive revitalization took place from 1999 to 2001, today the four gasometers house apartments, offices, bars, a fitness center, several doctor's offices, a branch of the Viennese regional health insurance fund , a small shopping mall , a kindergarten, an entertainment center with a cinema (Hollywood Megaplex) and bowling, the Vienna City and State Archives (Municipal Department 8), the Planet.tt concert hall. - Bank Austria, the Johann Sebastian Bach Music School (JSBM), the JSBM Klassik Institut, the POP Akademie Gasometer, the Performing Center Austria PCA, the Jam Music Lab - Conservatory for Jazz and Popular Music Vienna, and the EMA Electronics Music Academy.
Kaiserebersdorf Palace, first mentioned in documents in 1269, was originally a fortress-like castle and was converted into a hunting and pleasure palace in the early 16th century. The first menagerie in Europe was set up here in 1552 . After the castle burned down in the course of the second Turkish siege , it was rebuilt in the baroque style from 1687 to 1689. Subsequently, the castle served as a poor house, barracks and clothing depot and from 1929 initially as a federal institution for those in need of education , before it was expanded into the Simmering prison in the mid-1970s .
The new building was a magnificent palace and garden that Emperor Maximilian II had built from 1569. After his death, however, the complex began to fall into disrepair, and the castle was used for military purposes from 1744 to 1918. After that, a large part of the garden was given a new purpose, the Simmering fire hall, completed in 1922, and the associated urn grove were built here. Today only parts of the former castle are intact, the facility was opened to the public in 2002 and has been used as an event location ever since.
The listed Rosenhof in Mautner-Markhof Gasse was built around 1670 as a manor on the site of three of the Himmelpfort monastery in what was then Vienna . The builder of the manor was Siegfried Christoph the younger Count von Breuner (* 1635; † May 8, 1698). A spirit factory was set up in the Rosenhof around 1850. It has been owned by the Mautner Markhof family since 1861 .
Thurnhof (later the seat of the Simmeringer brewery) at Mautner-Markhof-Gasse 40, which is also under monument protection, was first mentioned in a document around 1405. From 1605 beer was brewed in the Thurnhof. In 1677 the Thurnhof became the property of the Himmelpfortkloster in Vienna, and in 1783 it passed to the state property administration. In 1821 master brewer Georg Meichl bought the farm and had the popular Märzen beer produced there. From 1870 onwards, the brewery was owned by the Dreher family of Schwechater brewers, who were later known throughout the whole of Old Austria . In 1913 the Viennese Dreher Brewery merged with the St. Marxer Brewery of the Mautner-Markhof family, who were also active in the brewing industry. In 1930 the Simmeringer brewery was shut down.
The castle on Münnichplatz in Kaiserebersdorf was first mentioned as a manor around 1200. It is believed that the Wolfgerhof zu Eberstorff , mentioned in a deed of donation from 1161 by Babenberger Duke Heinrich II Jasomirgott to the Schottenkloster in Vienna , was located on the site of the palace . The origin of this farm could be traced back to Wolfger von Suechant , who first appeared in the Salbuch of Klosterneuburg Monastery in 1108 as the founder or owner of the neighboring town of Schwechat .
In 1357 Peter von Ebersdorf took over the manor. He was present as a prominent witness when Duke Rudolf the Founder sealed the foundation letter for the Alma Mater Rudolphina on March 12, 1365 with his brothers Albrecht and Leopold . In 1499, Maximilian I , the last knight , passed Ebersdorf into imperial possession. In 1529, during the siege of Vienna, the Ottoman army under Sultan Soliman broke into the castle for the first time; it was left behind as a fire ruin when the siege of the city was broken off.
In 1562 Emperor Ferdinand I gave his under-cook Michael Pfeiffer and his wife Ursula, who was the laundress of the imperial table linen , two more fire sites "with the old walls and two barren thorns" in addition to his castle in Ebersdorf. In 1668, after a fire in the Hofburg, Emperor Leopold I spent the night in Thürnlhof Castle, which had been rebuilt for a long time. In 1683 the castle was again in the deployment area of the Ottomans besieging Vienna.
From 1700 the imperial castle captain Johann Thomas von Ehrenberg took over the property, in his successor the Countess von Kollonitz , née. von Meggau, in 1717 the Countess of Fünfkirchen . The statue of Johannes von Nepomuk, which is currently in front of the main front of the parish church of St. Peter and Paul on Münnichplatz, was erected by her in front of Thürnlhof Palace. The saint was supposed to protect against the floods of the Schwechat, which flowed past the so-called Cold Corridor not far from the castle.
Around 1755, Count Korzensky von Tereschau , President of Justice and privy councilor, acquired the castle. The golden age for Thürnlhof Castle began. The manor house was enlarged and furnished in the most tasteful way, in keeping with the artistic spirit of the time. The garden was expanded into an ornamental and pleasure garden by purchasing neighboring properties. The outside staircase, which no longer exists, was flanked by colossal statues depicting the deeds of Hercules by Lorenzo Mattielli . These statues are now in front of the gates leading from Schauflergasse and Michaelerplatz into the courtyard of the Hofburg .
In 1801, Baroness Caroline von Bietagh took over the property. On May 18, 1809, during the Battle of Aspern , the French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte , in addition to his field and combat headquarters in Lobau , moved into his headquarters in Thürnlhof Palace and stayed in Kaiserebersdorf until July 5. After the battle that the Austrians won under Archduke Karl , he is said to have slept through the whole of the castle for up to 36 hours from exhaustion.
In 1832 Joseph Köppl took over the property. In the same year Ferdinand Brandeis set up a sugar factory in the castle. In 1874 the Langnese & Company, a steam, cake and biscuit factory , leased Thürnlhof Castle. In 1877 the municipality of Kaiserebersdorf bought it for 19,500 guilders to use it as a school and residential building. In 1880, during a flood on January 4th, the water in the church, in the rectory and in the castle was five feet high, that's 1.58 m.
In 1971 Hubert Klösch bought the property and opened a castle tavern. In 1989 Thürnlhof Castle was converted into a home-style Viennese restaurant. Finally, in 2003, Hans and Silvia Hallwirth acquired the castle and continued to run it as a restaurant.
Mühlbergerhof - Former brewery Kaiserebersdorf - where Jean Lannes died
The Mühlbergerhof, a former manorial brewery in which beer was brewed from 1470 to 1924, is located at Mailergasse 12 in the Kaiserebersdorf district. Around 1670, the imperial wholesaler Michael Müller von Mühlberg , from whom the final name of the farm is derived, acquired the property. He had the brewery ordered by a brewer he had ordered, while he himself took care of the distribution of the beer in town. In 1685, Count von Thurn-Valsassina bought the property, which had been damaged by the Turkish war. The succession came in 1716 to the brewer of Count Thun-Valsassina, Johann Georg Uhl . On May 31, 1809, the well-known French officer and close friend Napoleon Bonaparte (who visited the dying man three times during this time), Marshal Jean Lannes , Prince de Sievers, Duc de Montebello died in the manor house of the brewery due to his severe wound at the Battle of Aspern . A plaque attached to the house still reminds of this today. In 1868 Bernhard Stippberger bought this property from the hotel owner “Zur Stadt Frankfurt” in Vienna. He leased the malt house to the brewery owner Anton Dreher senior in Schwechat until the operation was finally closed in 1924.
The District Museum Simmering is housed in Simmering office house Enkplatz and provides in its permanent exhibition shows the history of the three parts of the district Kaiserebersdorf, Albern and Simmering. Other focal points of the museum are the excavation documentation of Avars -Gräberfeldes, the story of Castle Kaiserebersdorf and Neugebaude Castle and documentation the cemetery of the nameless . A decade-long employee of the museum was the well-known DÖW librarian and non-fiction author Herbert Exenberger (1943–2009).
The Funeral Museum Vienna , which was housed in the 4th district (Goldegggasse) until autumn 2013, has been located in the area of the central cemetery since autumn 2014 (basement of the funeral hall 2, from the main entrance at gate 2 on the right).
The Vienna Central Cemetery on Simmeringer Hauptstrasse in the south of the district is by far the largest cemetery in Vienna and Austria. With its almost 2.5 km², it takes up more than a tenth of the Simmering district area. The most important sights of the cemetery include the Karl Borromäus Church (also known as Dr. Karl Lueger Memorial Church ) and the honor grave groups with the graves of prominent deceased. In addition, there are various denominational cemeteries and departments on the huge area; the Simmering fire hall has existed on the other side of Simmeringer Hauptstrasse since 1922. The Viennese songwriter Wolfgang Ambros dedicated the song Es lebe der Zentralfriedhof , which opened in 1874, to the 100th anniversary of its existence, with the line When night falls over Simmering, / comes life to the dead ...
In the far east of Simmering is the cemetery of the nameless . Several hundred people were buried here from 1840 to 1940 who were washed ashore as bodies of water from the Danube and in most cases could not be identified. The old part of the cemetery, which was occupied before 1900, was flooded several times and is now taken over by the vegetation and can no longer be recognized as a cemetery.
The Simmering cemetery is located behind the Altsimmering parish church in the old town center of Simmering. It was probably founded at the same time as the church, expanded several times since the end of the 18th century and is still documented today. The Kaiserebersdorfer Friedhof on Thürnlhofstraße has existed at this location since the 17th century, the original Kaiserebersdorfer local cemetery is likely to have been on today's Münnichplatz .
Opposite the Central Cemetery is the Vienna Animal Cemetery, which opened in November 2011 . At this first animal cemetery in the city, circular burial fields are laid out around trees on 2500 square meters, which offer space for several hundred earth and urn graves. The facility also includes an urn wall and farewell rooms.
The Viennese animal crematorium has existed since 1992 and is located on the Alberner port access road. From 2010 to 2011 the crematorium was rebuilt. Both simple cremations and individual cremations are offered, and a farewell room is available to say goodbye to the deceased pet.
With 42,600 m², the Herderpark is the largest park in Simmering. It was opened in 1930, expanded after the Second World War and revitalized in 2006. The area includes, among other things, a family pool , playgrounds and sports fields, a basketball and streetball facility , a part of the park specially designed for young people and an area especially adapted to the needs of senior citizens. In the center of the park is the mermaid fountain designed by Franz Sautner .
The approximately 27,500 m² Hyblerpark was redesigned as part of the construction of the Zippererstraße subway station . Due to the slope in this area, the park is laid out in terraces. A day care center and, above all, the subway station were integrated into the facility with the necessary care in terms of landscape architecture. The park is named after Wenzel Hybler, who headed the Vienna City Gardens Office from 1886 to 1918.
The total area of around 46,000 m², Stadtpark Leberberg and Hofgartel , were built in the 1990s and are located in the Leberberg expansion area with around 24,000 inhabitants (as of July 11, 2007 according to Wien Holding ). The Leberberg City Park has a pond that is fed by rainwater from the surrounding rooftops. Part of the green area on the western edge is administered by the Vienna Forestry Office. Among other things, there is a skater park , a beach volleyball court and a 1,100 m² water playground for children and young people, mainly between 6 and 12 years of age, which was only opened in 2010.
The approximately 12,500 m² large park ("lower garden") in the Neugebude Castle was originally built in 1568 as a Renaissance castle park. From 1573 to 1579 the eminent botanist was staying Clusius in Vienna and garden director was the Emperor Maximilian II. He took the tulip and the horse chestnut about Konstantin Opel to Vienna, as well as from Persia coming lilac . It flourished here for the first time in Europe in 1576. In 2010 a public park was built on the area of the former Lower Garden based on the original floor plan.
The 10,200 m² large Hans-Paulas-Park in Kaiserebersdorf , which was redesigned in 2002 , has a piazza with an expanded children's playground.
The 3,000 m² Haugerpark was redesigned after the completion of the U3 in 2003 by the landscape planner Marija Kirchner between Simmeringer Platz and Lorystraße and is particularly popular for skating and playing ball.
The 3200 m² sea battle park was still a nursery until 2001 and before that it was a bed of the Danube. The distinctive park was designed by the Viennese landscape planner Cordula Loidl-Reisch to commemorate the time of the old Simmering nursery with characteristic, strictly linear planted structures. The beds are similar to each occupied a plant species in nurseries with many specimens: strips of miscanthus ( Miscanthus ), with small shrub willow , with roses , with summer flowers such as Cosmos or nasturtium . An extravagant tree species was also chosen that is rarely used in this form, namely the fire maple (Acer ginnala). This attractive small tree from Asia impresses above all with its sensational red autumn color.
The 900 m² Biedermeier garden in Krötzlergasse was redesigned in 2002 from a private Biedermeier garden to a public park. When designing the park, the historical origin was largely taken into account. A wayside cross surrounds the central central rondeau , the Biedermeier perennial beds with their classic book surrounds are based on historical models. One square motif is framed with a pergola , and a second serves as a toddler playground. The facility is fenced in with crib grids.
Simmering is the seat of the Austrian Poker Sports Association . The Austrian Equestrian Sport Association (OEPS) was based here until 2017 .
One of the most famous Simmeringer football clubs is the 1. Simmeringer SC , which is currently in the 2. Wr. Landesliga (fifth highest league) plays and in 1926 reached third place in the highest league. The local rival is also in the 2nd Wr. Regional league playing club Ostbahn XI , where Herbert Prohaska once began his career as a young player.
Yellow Star Simmering was officially founded on June 6, 1973 and won the autumn championship title, the cup competition and the championship including promotion to 2nd class A in the 1984/85 season. The football club SC Kaiserebersdorf , founded in 1923, was also from 1938 to 1946 known as SC Slavonia . By 1938 the club was champion four times and moved up to the 2nd class. In the 1956/57 season he again won a championship title. After various name changes in the 2010s, the association no longer exists.
The Mautner sports field in Simmeringer Haidestrasse 1 was home to two Viennese soccer teams that belong to the Vienna Football Association . The SC Mautner Markhof , founded in 1926, won first class, Group B championship with its men's team in 2004 for the third time in a row. Since 2008, the soccer club has also had its own women's team. In the meantime the association has been dissolved. The second football club on the field is the integrative club SC NAFA (New African Football Academy), founded in 2005 , which now plays on the Marswiese.
The Simmering Sports Union is represented in the district with gymnastics, gymnastics and volleyball. The oldest bowling club in Austria, the KSK Post RS , founded in 1885 , is also located in Simmering. Other sports clubs and associations are the Veloclub Simmering (cycling), WAT Simmering (badminton) and the ASKÖ Volleyball Club Simmering (women's volleyball), the American Football Bund Österreich (AFBÖ) (football), the Raiffeisen Vikings Vienna American Football Club (Raiffeisen Vikings for short Vienna AFC) (football), the archery club Arcus (archery) and the judo club Black Shihan .
Economy and Infrastructure
Numerous traditional industrial companies such as SGP (machine, boiler, wagon construction factory), meanwhile Siemens (rail vehicle production), Steyr (armaments, weapons and military vehicle production), Hörbiger (compressor valves, founded by Hanns Hörbiger ) and other companies in the electrical and pharmaceutical industry have settled in the 11th district. On the Simmeringer Haide there are large unobstructed green spaces and fields with many plant and vegetable nurseries, which are also found in other parts of the district of Kaiserebersdorf and Albern , and which supply the city with food and flowers. The largest Austrian marketing organization for horticultural products, LGV-Frischgemüse Wien , is also located in Simmering. There are also many cemetery nurseries and stonemasons along and around Simmeringer Hauptstrasse, starting from Simmeringer Platz. The Original Sacher-Torte and other sweets have been made in Kaiserebersdorf for the Hotel Sacher since 1999 . The L. Heiner confectionery chain also has its production facility in Simmering.
The Simmering Center , built in 1981, is located on Simmeringer Hauptstrasse, the district's shopping street , which has been rebuilt and expanded several times and houses around 70 shops including restaurants. The HUMA shopping park on Landwehrstrasse was opened in 1987. After the complete renovation and the subsequent reopening on March 3, 2016 as huma eleven , the shopping center was expanded to include several shops by autumn 2017. Before that there was also a shopping center at this point. Today there are over 60 shops on a sales area of 63,500 m² (including METRO and Metro petrol stations). The Gasometer City is housed in the former gasometers , which were converted into apartments in 2001, among other things. The shopping center extends through all four gasometer towers and the extension.
There are also smaller shopping centers in Simmering, such as Ekazent Thürnlhofstraße.
Urban supply infrastructure
The 11th district has always been known for its industrial locations. In the 19th century, the municipality of Vienna built the power station in Simmering to supply Vienna's trams with electricity, as well as a gas works to supply city lighting with city gas . The gas works was in operation for gas generation from 1899 to 1978 - today it only serves as a transfer point for the natural gas supplied . The 70-meter-high gasometers come from this gasworks and, following a revitalization in 2001, now house apartments and a shopping mall.
There are other urban infrastructure units in the district, such as the Simmering power plant , the EBS (hazardous waste recycling and incineration), Vienna's main sewage treatment plant , in which around 90 percent of the wastewater from the urban sewer system is cleaned, and Biogas Wien , which opened in 2007 for the recycling of non-compostable biogenic waste and from the planned completion in 2008, the Pfaffenau waste incineration plant housed in the same building as well as federal buildings such as a prison.
The 11th district was and is the starting point for numerous traffic routes to the south and east.
The Simmeringer Hauptstrasse crosses the entire district from northwest to southeast and runs along a section of the Limesstrasse once laid out by the Romans , which led along the Limes from Vindobona to Carnuntum and beyond. Until the autobahn was built, private traffic towards Pressburg and Budapest ran on this road.
Also known as the airport motorway, the A4 east motorway in the direction of Burgenland and Hungary , opened in 1994, reaches the district along the Danube Canal; The entrances and exits at Alt-Simmering (Exit 1) and Vienna, 7. Haidequerstraße (Exit 2) are located on the road out of town. On the section of the route that crosses the Simmeringer Haide, you will find the Vienna Simmeringer Haide entrances and exits (Exit 4) in both directions. In their immediate vicinity is the parking space of the Vienna Municipal Department 48, which cannot be reached by public transport, for vehicles towed due to traffic obstruction. The A4 leaves the Vienna urban area between Kaiserebersdorf and Albern. Its route in the 11th district largely corresponds to the Pressburg Railway , which opened in 1914 and operated here until 1945 , which is now run on the western and southern edges of the district.
Since 1958 there has been a road connection from the southernmost part of the 2nd district to the 11th district (Kaiserebersdorf, Zinnergasse), the Freudenauer Hafenbrücke . In 2011 the side port bridge from the port area in the 2nd district over the Danube Canal to the 11th Haidequerstraße was opened as an additional road connection.
The tram line 71, the northern terminus of which is at the stock exchange on the Ringstrasse in the city center, has been crossing the entire district along Simmeringer Hauptstrasse since 1907 and has its terminus at the Kaiserebersdorf stop, Zinnergasse.
As a connection with the western neighboring district of Favoriten , tram line 7 ran through Geiselbergstrasse from Simmeringer Hauptstrasse to Favoritner Gellertplatz (connection to line 6) from 1907 to 1917, from 1917 to 2019 mostly line 6 continuously to the Westbahnhof . As an extension, line 106 was operated in Simmering 1942-1971 to Simmeringer Lände (E-Werk). From 1992 line 6 ran on the Neubaugürtel to Urban-Loritz-Platz .
The 6er, which had the southern terminus in Simmeringer Hauptstrasse, was extended to Kaiserebersdorf, Zinnergasse, in 2012 (previously the section from the 71er was served). In autumn 2019, line 6 was replaced by line 11 from the district border. The connection line 72 from the central cemetery to Schwechat was operated from 1907 to 1961. As a 72er, a feeder line ran from the central cemetery to the U3 station Schlachthausgasse from the opening of the first section of the U3 underground line to the extension to Simmering. Line 73, which connected Simmering station to Kaiserebersdorf via Kaiserebersdorfer Straße, was set up in 1912 and discontinued in sections from 1959 to 1961.
Seen from the center of Simmering to the southeast behind the central cemetery is the main workshop (formerly central workshop) of Wiener Linien with a rail connection to the Donauländebahn on Simmeringer Hauptstrasse .
Railway, S-Bahn, U-Bahn
The southern terminus of the underground line U3 coming from the city center and an S-Bahn station of the line S80, Vienna Central Station - Vienna Aspern have been located on the Simmeringer Hauptstraße in a central district location at the crossing of the Ostbahn since 1870 North, with the other Haidestrasse station built around 1990 in the industrial area.
Furthermore, the connection of the S7 from Wien Mitte , known as an airport express train, crosses the district area every half hour with the stations Wien Geiselbergstraße , Wien Zentralfriedhof (at the back entrance of the cemetery) and Wien Kaiserebersdorf (formerly Klein Schwechat ) on the city limits to Schwechat. It runs in the city center on the route of the former Aspangbahn , which in turn was built on the former Wiener Neustädter Canal (see below).
Also to the south-east, but entirely on the edge of the district, the S-Bahn line S60 runs from Vienna Central Station on the classic eastern line towards Bruck an der Leitha , Pressburg and Budapest; In the 11th district only the Wien Grillgasse station (formerly Simmering Ostbahn ) is served.
The Donauländebahn , a historical connection from the south of the city to the port facilities on the Danube, has been connected to the Donauuferbahn and the Freudenau port in the 2nd district via the new Winterhafenbrücke since 2009, as it did until 1945 .
In the southwest of the district, directly across the border to the 10th district, is the Wien-Kledering central marshalling yard, which opened in 1983 and 1986 respectively .
From 1803 the later district was crossed in its western part by the newly built Wiener Neustädter Canal . In the last decades of the 19th century, the initially single-track Aspang Railway was built next to the Vienna section of the canal and shipping was closed. The canal was later filled in here. After 1945 the trains of the Pressburger Bahn operated on the railway line, today also those of the S7.
For goods traffic, the port of Albern ( grain and building materials are handled here) and the Donauländebahn (see above) should be mentioned.
There are five federal police stations in Simmering , which are located at Enkplatz 3, Sedlitzkygasse 27, Kaiser-Ebersdorfer Straße 290, Sängergasse 11, and Simmeringer Hauptstraße 164. This is located at Enkplatz 3 for Simmering City Police Department responsible for this municipality as well as subordinate agencies.
The court opera singer Antonie Schläger grew up as the daughter of a Greißler couple in Simmering and later made a name for herself as a benefactor for the poor in her home community. The author Berta Hetmanek from Simmering wrote numerous books and radio plays for children and young people under her pseudonym Bertl Hayde , for which she received the State Prize for Literature . The working-class poets Karl Kaniak , Theodor Meidl and Johann Spissak once lived in Simmering. The "last executioner of the monarchy" Josef Lang enjoyed a high social reputation. After the death penalty was lifted in 1918, he worked as a caretaker in his home district of Simmering. When he died in 1925, around 10,000 Viennese gave him last escort.
The resistance fighter and social democrat Rosa Jochmann grew up in Simmering and worked here in various factories in the 1910s and 1920s. The Rosa-Jochmann-Ring on Leberberg and the Rosa-Jochmann-Schule in Fuchsröhrenstrasse were named after her.
Kommerzialrat Hans Paulas (born June 30, 1913 Vienna, † July 28, 1988 Vienna), innkeeper and SPÖ politician (including district council, Viennese municipal council and member of the state parliament, district chairman of Simmering), holder of the golden decoration of the Republic of Austria, gold decoration of the state of Vienna, large Silver Chamber Medal.
Simmering is the home district of the former FPÖ - and now BZÖ politician Peter Westenthaler .
The eleventh blow , as Simmering is sometimes called in Viennese vernacular, was also the home and the beginning of the careers of some soccer players. Karl Sesta began his career with the clubs Vorwärts XI and SC Simmering and was a member of the legendary wonder team in the early 1930s . The brothers Jakob and Ferdinand Swatosch also played for SC Simmering and subsequently in the national team . Herbert "Schneckerl" Prohaska , who lived for a long time in the Simmering district of Hasenleiten, moved from the Ostbahn XI club to Austria and eventually became a national player. Hannes Reinmayr first played for Kaiserebersdorf , then for Austria and in the 1990s in the national team.
The musician and actor Hansi Dujmic spent his childhood in the 11th district. The professional boxer and singer Hans Orsolics is also a Simmeringer. The photo artist Herbert Langmüller, also known as LAHERB , was born in the 11th district (see web links ). The photo model and actor Werner Schreyer was born in Simmeringer and lived here in a community building when he was a child. The entertainer Michael Seida also spent his childhood in Simmering, he lived in a community building on Muhrhoferweg in Kaiserebersdorf.
The actor, stuntmen, fight choreographer and martial artist, Christian Weisz (worked in over 70 international film, TV and theater productions, including Alarm for Cobra 11) lives in Simmering.
The former Austrian Chancellor Christian Kern (SPÖ) was born in Simmering and grew up here.
- My simmering . Documentation by Chico Klein, Austria 2012
- The postmaster . The Postmaster is a German feature film from 1939/1940, with Heinrich George , Hans Holt , Siegfried Breuer and Hilde Krahl . Loosely based on the story Der Postmeister (original title: Станционный смотритель / Stanzionny smotritel) by Alexander Pushkin. The location was u. a. Kaiserebersdorf .
- The third man , feature film 1948/1949, location was u. a. the central cemetery .
- James Bond 007 - The Living Daylights 1987, location a. a. gasometer
- Macondo (film) 2014, feature film by the Iranian-Austrian director Sudabeh Mortezai
- Felix Czeike : Historical Lexicon Vienna. Volume 5, Kremayr & Scheriau, Vienna 1997, ISBN 3-218-00547-7 , p. 227 f.
- Felix Czeike: Vienna District Culture Guide: XI. Simmering . Jugend und Volk, Vienna 1980, ISBN 3-7141-6228-3 .
- Herbert Exenberger: Like the little group of Maccabees. The Jewish community in Simmering from 1848 to 1945 . Mandelbaum Verlag, Vienna, 2009.
- Hans Havelka: Simmering. History of the 11th district of Vienna and its old places . Jugend und Volk, Vienna 1983, ISBN 3-7141-6230-5 .
- Hans Havelka: Disappeared and forgotten Simmering. A contemplative walk from St. Marx to the old Laurenzkirche . Heimat-Museum Simmering, Vienna 1968.
- Christine Klusacek, Kurt Stimmer: Simmering. From the Had to the Monte Laa . Mohl, Vienna 1997, ISBN 3-900272-55-7 .
- Petra Leban: Simmering: Vienna's 11th district . Sutton, Erfurt 2001, ISBN 3-89702-395-4 .
- Entry on Simmering in the Austria Forum (in the AEIOU Austria Lexicon )
- Simmering on wien.at
- Simmering. In: dasrotewien.at - Web dictionary of the Viennese social democracy. SPÖ Vienna (Ed.)
- Simmering Online ( Memento from May 24, 2008 in the Internet Archive )
- Herbert Langmüller (1943–2018): First private digital reference work on Simmering, as of 2008. Supplement to the Simmering Chronicle in pictures and words since 1962. DVD-ROM. Posthumously made available online by the ClubComputer, background information see Simmering in pictures
- ↑ Statistics Austria - Population at the beginning of 2002–2020 by municipalities (area status 01/01/2020)
- ↑ District council elections 2015
- ↑ Havelka: Simmering p. 229
↑ Friedrich Brix: Brief geographical and geological considerations on the 11th Viennese district, Simmering. In: Hans Havelka: Simmering. Vienna 1967;
Thomas Hofmann: Donaustadt geology - a well-rounded affair. In: Vienna district handbooks. 22nd district of Donaustadt. Vienna 2002, pp. 15-18
- ↑ Havelka: Simmering p. 236 f .; City of Vienna MA 5
- ↑ a b Municipal Department 5 (MA5): Types of use by district ( Memento from September 29, 2007 in the Internet Archive )
- ↑ A settlement of the older urn field culture in the vicinity of the Danube
- ^ Ordinance sheet for the official area of the mayor of Vienna , No. 23 / October 15, 1938, p. 18
- ^ Law on a change in the border between the 3rd and 11th district (LGBl. For Vienna 47/1995), issued on June 23, 1995
- ↑ Law on changes to the border between the 3rd and 11th district (LGBl. For Vienna 44/2000), issued on September 11, 2000
- ↑ Law on changes to the boundaries between the 3rd and 11th district (LGBl. For Vienna 14/2003), issued on February 28, 2003
- ↑ Census of May 15, 2001. Final resident population and number of citizens (with population development since 1869). District of Vienna: Vienna 11th, Simmering , on Statistics.at (PDF, 12 kB).
- ↑ a b c Statistics Austria (2001 census) Demographic data Simmering (PDF; 10 kB), Demographic data Vienna (90001) (PDF; 11 kB)
- ↑ MA 5 Resident Population by Nationality and District 2001-2005 ( Memento from June 17, 2009 in the Internet Archive )
- ^ City of Vienna
- ↑ Postal address of the OEPS
- ↑ Contact / Imprint ( Memento from July 1, 2016 in the Internet Archive ), oeps.at
- ↑ Mein Simmering ( Memento of the original from June 27, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. orf.at, accessed on August 17, 2012