Austrian national soccer team
|Association||Austrian Football Association|
|Head coach||Franco Foda|
|Assistant coach||Thomas Kristl and Imre Szabics|
|Record scorer||Toni Polster (44 goals)|
|Record player||Andreas Herzog (103 games)|
|Home stadium||Ernst Happel Stadium|
|FIFA rank||26. (1507 points)
(as of July 16, 2020)
First international match Austria 5-0 Hungary ( Vienna , Austria ; October 12, 1902)
Austria's biggest win 9-0 Malta ( Salzburg , Austria; April 30, 1977)
Biggest defeat Austria 1:11 England (Vienna; June 8, 1908)
|Successes in tournaments|
|Participation in the finals||7 ( first : 1934 )|
|Best results||Third place in 1954|
|Participation in the finals||2 ( first : 2008 )|
|Best results||Preliminary round: 2008 , 2016|
|(As of November 19, 2019)|
The Austrian national football team is the selection team of the Austrian Football Association (ÖFB). It has been looked after by Franco Foda since January 2018 and plays most of its home games in Vienna's Ernst Happel Stadium and in the Wörthersee Stadium .
The first historically documented game of an Austrian selection team was played by a multinational team from Cisleithanien in 1902 against the Hungarian national soccer team . On May 16, 1931, the national soccer team of the Republic of Austria , founded in 1919, managed to win against the Scottish national team under team boss Hugo Meisl . The so-called " miracle team " inflicted the first defeat on the European mainland for the Scots. After the state was dissolved with the annexation to the German Reich , there was inevitably only one common German national team. It was only with the fall of the German Empire and the re-establishment of the Republic of Austria after the Second World War that an Austrian national team emerged, which achieved a considerable third place at the 1954 World Cup , behind the vice world champion Hungary and the world champion Federal Republic of Germany . This was followed by a long time without any notable football success. At the 1978 World Cup in Argentina , they made it into the top eight, in which the Austrian national football team met the reigning world champion from 1974 and won the game 3-2. This victory against “big brother” Germany caused so much attention that it has since been referred to in Austria as the miracle of Córdoba . The moderation of the Austrian radio reporter Eduard “Edi” Finger Sr., who enthusiastically cheered the victory with the words: “I who foolish!” Was also legendary. The last time the Austrians took part in a World Cup tournament was in France in 1998 . As the host country, you were automatically qualified for the EM 2008 together with Switzerland.
1901–1918: The Cisleithani national team
Football came to Austria-Hungary via England in the early 1890s . The two oldest Austrian football clubs Cricketer and Vienna played their first football match between two clubs on the Döblinger Kugerlwiese in 1894. MD Nicholson , once an English national player himself, who had been transferred to Vienna for professional reasons, was responsible for the development of football in Vienna . On December 18, 1898, he organized a game between "Viennese English" and Viennese in the Prater . The Austrians appeared with white camisoles and black trousers - this dress combination later became the team colors of the national team, although in the recent past they appeared in red-white-red. Austria played its first international match on April 8, 1901 against a Swiss selection. However, this game is considered unofficial by both associations and is known in Austrian football literature as the “ original international game ”. The meeting was organized by the Austrian Football Union, which was founded only a year earlier, a predecessor of today's ÖFB , whose founder MD Nicholson was also the first president of this first official Austrian football association until his departure in October 1901. Austria played the first international match with players from the major Viennese clubs Vienna , Cricketer and WAC . It is considered an international match because the Vienna city team, which had previously played against foreign clubs, met a foreign association team for the first time. Many Austrian players used pseudonyms back then in order not to be recognized, wore wigs and even stuck on false beards. One reason for this was that schoolchildren, even if they were already 17 or 18 years old, were forbidden to play football in clubs at the time.
The first international match officially recognized today between Austria and Hungary , which both still formed a common state Austria-Hungary until 1918 , was announced by the Austrian Football Union for October 12, 1902 as a “city game between Vienna and Budapest ”. It was a historic moment, namely the world's first international football match between two non-British teams. Austria won its debut 5-0, with Jan Studnicka , one of the first stars of Austrian football , scoring a hat trick . In the following decades, this sporting competition between Austria and Hungary was repeated twice a year, once in Vienna and once in Budapest. These duels were characterized by great rivalry and formed the respective highlight of the football season. The national soccer team of that time is not comparable to today's. In the then multi-ethnic state, the selection team of the Austrian half of the empire Cisleithanien consisted of players of different nationalities. A considerable number of Czechs played in the team alongside the German Austrians. The country's first participation in an international competition then took place at the Olympic Games in Stockholm in 1912 . Victories over the team of the Imperial German Empire , Norway and Italy as well as defeats against the Netherlands and Hungary meant in the end the 6th place of the tournament. During the First World War , football in Austria continued without interruption. Association captain Hugo Meisl was, however, commanded to the Isonzo front, so that during this time the former Vienna defender Heinrich Retschury looked after the national team. During the Great War, however, the association was only able to organize games against Hungary and neutral Switzerland.
1918–1938: Wonder team
After the end of the First World War , several countries, led by England, tried with Austria, one of the main culprits of the war, according to the Paris suburb agreements, out of FIFA . But newly formed neighboring states of the new Republic of (German) Austria such as Czechoslovakia initially boycotted games against Austrian teams. Hugo Meisl tried to restore the old contacts with the regional associations and at the same time tried to bring international competitions to life for club and national teams. In the young republic, football experienced a great boom, especially thanks to the introduction of the (shortened) eight-hour day. In 1921 a new stadium with a capacity of 80,000 was opened on the Hohe Warte , and in 1924, professional football was introduced in Austria as the first continental European country . These innovations contributed to both the success of the national team and the success of the clubs on an international level. In 1926, for example, the team was able to remain victorious in six out of seven games. In 1927 the European Cup was held for the first time . It was a forerunner of the European football championship , which was played out among the participating nations in a championship mode over a period of several years. Austria was able to complete its first European Cup competition in 1930 as vice European champion behind Italy .
However, the climax of Austrian football history in the inter-war period was the era of the “ miracle team ”. This is the name given to the Austrian national football team, which in 1931 defeated the Scots , who had previously been unbeaten on the European mainland, 5-0. The team around captain Matthias Sindelar was able to draw attention to itself in the following games with further victories over top European teams, it beat the team of the German Reich 6-0 in Berlin and 5-0 in Vienna, won 8-1 against Switzerland and 8 : 2 against Hungary , defeated Belgium 6-1 and France 4-0. At the same time the national team won the European Cup in 1932 before the Italians. The greatest success of the miracle team, however, is their only defeat. On December 7, 1932, it competed against the English national team, which was unbeaten at home and was to remain so for another 20 years. So far, no team from mainland Europe had managed to score more than one honorary goal in England. The RAVAG broadcast the match live on the Heldenplatz in Vienna . At Stamford Bridge , however, the Austrians were already 2-0 down at the break, playing nervously before playing their famous combination game in the second half. Hugo Meisl sent his team back onto the field with the words “Spüts euer Spüü!” . The national team made three goals, but lost in the end 3: 4, whereby Adolf Vogl missed the chance to equalize shortly before the end. The change of some players such as goalkeeper Rudi Hiden to financially more lucrative clubs abroad, however, weakened the team decisively, but they went to Italy as one of the big title favorites for the 1934 World Cup . In the semifinals, the Austrian team was finally stopped by the hosts, with the Swedish referee Ivan Eklind being accused of an extremely dodgy role. Because the day before he had been invited as a personal guest of honor by the Italian dictator Benito Mussolini . The only goal of the game came in the 18th minute when several Italians pushed Austrian goalkeeper Peter Platzer over the goal line with the ball in his hands. Ivan Eklind even actively intervened in the game himself by heading off a cross on the free-standing Austrian striker Karl Zischek .
1938–1945: National Socialism and World War II
The "Anschluss" or the incorporation of Austria into the National Socialist German Reich on March 12, 1938 meant a deep turning point for football in (now) former Austria. Numerous clubs were dissolved and players had to flee abroad before the regime. The former Austrian national league was replaced by the Gauliga Ostmark , and the supposedly “Jewish” professionalism was abolished. The teams had to give the Hitler salute before and after games, and the youth club was entrusted to the HJ . The dissolved Austrian national team was merged with the previous Reich German soccer team to form the Greater German team. Austria had qualified for the 1938 World Cup before its dissolution, after which the players could only play for the German Reich team. Nine football players from the former Austrian team were part of the German Reich's squad at the World Cup in France . The tendency to play in an all-German team was shared among the formerly Austrian players; some football greats like Matthias Sindelar and Walter Nausch were able to get there because of their fame. B. allow to refuse a commitment in the all-German team. A total of 28 players from the new Alpine and Danube meadows (together now Ostmark ) were used in the German team, and in four international matches there were even eight players from the former Austria on the field.
For two international matches against Bohemia and Moravia was Ostmark national football team , also Ostmark selection (1 in Vienna on May 21, 1939 5: 7 5 in Prague on 22 October 1939), is formed. It was a selection team from the now existing Ostmark.
1945–1962: Successes in the post-war period
After the end of the war, an Austrian national football team was quickly built up again and in August 1945 it played twice against Hungary in Budapest. After the renovation of the Prater Stadium , the team was able to play a home game again on December 6, 1945 after more than eight years. France was invited as an opponent , and the historic game was attended by 60,000 spectators and FIFA President Jules Rimet . Austria won 4-1, Karl Decker scored three goals. Austria soon followed on from old successes and was the first team on the continent to beat Scotland 1-0 in their own stadium in 1951 . This awakened memories of the miracle team that had succeeded in doing the same in Vienna 18 years earlier. Players like Gerhard Hanappi , Walter Zeman and Ernst Ocffekt even made the leap into the world selection. The high point of this generation was the 1954 World Cup in Switzerland . Austria outclassed Portugal 9-1 in their qualifying game and easily survived the preliminary round with a 1-0 triumph over Scotland and a 5-0 record victory over Czechoslovakia . The quarter-final against Switzerland , known as the heat battle of Lausanne , developed into one of the most famous games in Austrian football history . The most scoring game in the history of football world championships was won by Austria 7-5. Goalkeeper Kurt Schmied suffered a sunstroke at the beginning of the game , but could not be replaced. The Swiss quickly took a 3-0 lead in front of almost 50,000 home fans. Kurt Schmied was meanwhile being cooled by masseur Pepi Ulrich with thrown sponges. Ulrich stood behind the Austrian gate and then began to direct Kurt Schmied, who was in a trance-like state, with every attack. Soon after the Swiss lead, the Austrian team tried to escape to the front and ten minutes later they themselves were 5-3 ahead. After a thrilling game in which Austria also missed a penalty , the team of coach Eduard Frühwirth finally won 7: 5 and advanced for the second time in history to a semi-final of a world championship, where Germany, however, scored 1: 6 had to give up. In the small final, the reigning world champion Uruguay was finally beaten 3: 1 and thus achieved third place at the World Cup.
At the World Cup in Sweden in 1958 , things were less fortunate for the Austrian team. Lospech - in the final round you met the future world champion Brazil , the later European champion Soviet Union and England - and internal disputes prevented progress. Nevertheless, the great popularity in the country continued, under the new coach in the Decker era again caused an international sensation. In front of a record crowd of over 90,000 spectators, made possible by the expansion of the Prater Stadium, the Soviet Union was beaten 3-1 and Spain 3-0. For lack of money, however, the association decided not to participate in the 1962 World Cup in Chile - the team fell apart. An abrupt end to Austria's successes in the post-war period was the clear 6-0 defeat against Czechoslovakia in 1962, from which many players, including Karl Decker, no longer recovered.
1962–1982: Wembley, Córdoba and Gijón
After the end of the Decker era, the team was unable to continue their old successes for a long time; these were mostly limited to surprise wins in individual games. The international match against England at London's Wembley Stadium on October 20, 1965, enjoyed great popularity in Austria : Austria was the third team on the continent to defeat the English national team. Toni Fritsch scored two goals in the 3-2 win , who was then nicknamed Wembley-Toni . In the same year, however, the Austrian national soccer team missed the World Cup qualification for the first time in its history. In the qualifying games for the 1966 World Cup , they failed because of Hungary and the GDR . In the summer of 1968, Leopold Šťastný, the successful Slovak coach from Wacker Innsbruck, took over the national team. Despite the missed qualification for the 1970 World Cup because of Germany , the players and the association stuck to the new coach. After almost ten years, the team was able to come up with consistent performance again. Carried by a great euphoria, Šťastný's team just missed qualifying for the 1974 World Cup in Germany after twelve years without a World Cup in Austria . The Austrian team ended the qualifying round with the same number of points and the same goal difference with Sweden in first place, so that a play-off between these two teams for the qualification should be played in Gelsenkirchen . In order to have enough time to prepare, a championship round was suspended and the quarters in Germany were occupied five days before the play-off. On snow-covered ground, however, the team lost 1: 2 and missed numerous chances (including a crossbar and a goal beam shot). In 1974 the team also remained undefeated.
“There comes Krankl (…) into the penalty area - shot… goal, goal, goal, goal, goal, goal! I’m foolish. Krankl shoots - 3-2 for Austria! Ladies and gentlemen, we fall around our necks; the colleague Rippel, the graduate engineer Posch - we piss off. 3: 2 for Austria with a great goal from our Krankl. He covered it all over, ladies and gentlemen. And wait a little longer, wait a little longer; then maybe we can have a fourth. (...) Now hammas gschlagn! ” Edi Fingers
famous comment on the“ Miracle of Cordoba ”1978.
For health reasons, Leopold Šťastný finally resigned from the office of national coach and handed the team over to the Slovenian Branko Elsner , who was soon dismissed after the failed European Championship qualification in 1976 due to a 0-1 defeat against Wales . Finally, under the new coach Helmut Senekowitsch , the qualification for the 1978 World Cup in Argentina succeeded in the fourth attempt . Austria won the decisive game against Turkey 1-0, Herbert Prohaska's goal became famous as the "Spitz von Izmir ". At the World Cup in Argentina, Austria surprisingly beat Brazil, Spain and Sweden as group winners. Thus, the team rose to the top eight teams in the world, but missed the finals after defeats against the Netherlands, which was trained by Austrian Ernst Happel , and Italy. In the last game of the final round, which has become meaningless for Austria, the team met the reigning world champion Germany, who could have made it into the final with a win. In the run-up, there were numerous taunts from the German media and players. Austria won the game 3-2, Hans Krankl scored twice, the German Berti Vogts also scored once in his own goal. Today this game is called the “Miracle of Cordoba” in Austria, whereas in Germany it is called the “ Disgrace of Cordoba ”.
Karl Stotz took over the coaching position from Helmut Senekowitsch who, as already announced, resigned his position as national coach after the successful World Cup in Argentina. Although he clearly qualified for the 1982 World Cup , he was dismissed before the tournament after internal disputes with the association and should be replaced by Ernst Happel. However, Georg Schmidt and Felix Latzke took the place of Happels as an emergency solution. The qualifying round began with victories over Algeria and Chile , so that in the last group game against Germany, a narrow defeat was enough for promotion. However, after losing to Algeria, Germany itself needed a victory against Austria. The game started in earnest and the Germans scored the 1-0 in the eleventh minute. A dedicated game also took place until half-time. In the second half, however, the ball was played back and forth in midfield by both teams for the remainder of the season. Austria and Germany were promoted, but the two teams had to contend with allegations of manipulation from numerous fans. The hoped-for semi-finals were ultimately prevented by a 1-0 defeat against France, while Austria finished the tournament in Spain in eighth place. Despite this success, the national team felt the loss of popularity for a few years due to the so-called " Gijón Non-Aggression Pact ".
1982–1998: Two World Cup participations with preliminary rounds
After the World Championships in Argentina and Spain, the regular members of the Austrian national team gradually ended their careers, which in turn resulted in a drop in performance. Due to the missed qualification for the following World Cup in Mexico due to defeats against Hungary and the Netherlands, two coaches, Erich Hof and Branko Elsner, had to end their team careers. Josef Hickersberger , who had previously looked after the U-21 national team , was presented as his successor . Hickersberger called old veterans like Herbert Prohaska back into the team and added new young players like Andreas Herzog , who had only three championship games behind him when he made his debut on the team. The new trainer's course was successful, Austria qualified for the 1990 World Cup in Italy . The decisive game against the GDR was won 3-0, all goals were scored by the new star striker Toni Polster . Austria, however, had to return home after the preliminary round after narrow defeats against Italy and Czechoslovakia and a victory over the USA , although they expected to advance to the round of 16. According to the mode at that time, the four best group thirds in the preliminary round also advanced to the second round. Since Austria would not have made it to the round of 16 in this way only if the other group matches were very unlikely, an ORF team set up numerous cameras to film the cheering national players. Two days after the victory over the USA, all round of 16 players were determined, Austria was not there.
Shortly after the 1990 World Cup, Hickersberger's team career came to a spectacular end. With the national team he lost in Landskrona against the Faroe Islands with 0: 1 . The national team made their last appearance so far at the 1998 World Cup in France , qualifying for this was passed with eight wins in ten games, the decisive duels with Sweden were won thanks to a goal from Andreas Herzog. Herbert Prohaska's team did not survive the preliminary round against Italy , Chile and Cameroon , scoring all three goals in stoppage time in the second half.
1998–2011: decline and home European championship with preliminary rounds
In qualifying for the European Championship 2000, Austria met Israel , Cyprus , San Marino and Spain . After a draw and two wins from the first three games, the Austrians were top of the table before the ÖFB-Elf lost 9-0 to the Spaniards in Valencia on March 27, 1999 and Herbert Prohaska then resigned as team boss. After two defeats, including a 5-0 defeat against Israel, and two wins from the remaining four games, Austria finished third behind the Israelis due to the poor goal difference. Under Prohaska's successor Otto Barić succeeded in the following World Cup qualification , the revenge against Israel, which was only displaced from second place in stoppage time in a direct duel on the last game day ; the relegation, however, was lost against the later World Cup third Turkey . After Hans Krankl also failed in the 2006 World Cup qualification , Josef Hickersberger took over the national team on January 1, 2006.
Since Austria was qualified to host the European Championship in 2008 , several friendlies and two four-nation tournaments were held together with co-host Switzerland to replace the missing qualifying matches until the beginning of the finals . In a direct duel, Austria won 2-1 in Innsbruck and lost 3-1 in Zurich. In the European Championship, Austria met Croatia , Poland and Germany in Group B in the Ernst Happel Stadium . Austria was eliminated in third in the group after an initial defeat against Croatia (0: 1), a draw against Poland (1: 1) and another defeat (0: 1) in a final game against Germany that was highly stylized in public as a revenge for Córdoba would be eliminated in the case of a defeat, in the preliminary round. Team boss Josef Hickersberger announced his resignation on June 23rd.
On July 25, 2008, the Czech Karel Brückner , previously the Czech national coach, was presented as the new team boss by Friedrich Stickler . The first two games under Brückner were successful for Austria with a friendly 2-2 win against Italy and a 3-1 win against France at the start of the 2010 World Cup qualification . However, setbacks followed in the next group matches. The team had to admit defeat to Lithuania away from home and only reached a draw in the Faroe Islands , although the targeted revenge for the defeat in 1990 did not succeed.
On March 2nd, 2009 Brückner was released from the team boss position by the new ÖFB President Leopold Windtner with mutual consent. Dietmar Constantini , previously twice interim trainer, was appointed as his successor . Despite some good performances with victories against Romania , Faroe Islands and Lithuania, the national team clearly missed the World Cup qualification and finished third in the group behind Serbia and France. In the final qualifier against France, the only 17-year-old David Alaba made his debut as the youngest player in the Austrian national team to date. The background to the early deployment was the fact that theoretically he could have run for the Philippine or Nigerian association. Alaba should become an important pillar in the Austrian team in the coming years.
Constantini also led Austria into the qualification for the Euro 2012 , in which they were drawn into a group together with Germany, Turkey , Belgium , Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan . The qualification was clearly missed. Team boss Constantini resigned early on September 13, 2011; Interim coach Willibald Ruttensteiner looked after the team in the last two games of the qualification, which ended fourth in the group.
2011–2017: The era of Marcel Koller
From November 1, 2011, Marcel Koller was the first Swiss coach of the Austrian national team. He was supposed to lead Austria to the 2014 World Cup in Brazil, which seemed to be a difficult undertaking, as Koller's team played in their qualifying group with Sweden , Ireland and again Germany against three participants in the Euro 2012, as well as against Kazakhstan and the Faroe Islands. Koller relied on a rather small base of players, mainly consisting of legionnaires . In the home game against Germany, for example, no player who is under contract with an Austrian club was used. The qualification was more successful than the last two. The strong-at-home Austrians, who except for the game against Germany won all their home games in Vienna, had every chance of participating in the Barrage games before the penultimate matchday; these were however destroyed by a 1: 2 defeat after 1: 0 half-time lead in Solna by the Swedes.
Despite the failed qualification, the ÖFB extended its contract with Koller for two more years. Koller turned down the offer of the Swiss Football Association to become national coach. In the upcoming qualification for the 2016 European Championship , Austria met Sweden again, as well as Russia , Montenegro , Liechtenstein and Moldova . After the team had to come to terms with a 1-1 draw in their first game against Sweden at home, Austria won the next seven games and secured an early group victory with a 4-1 away win in Solna against Sweden and thus qualification for the finals in France . It is the first athletic qualification for a European Championship finals. After winning the last two games in the qualification, Austria finished the qualifying group with nine wins and one draw eight points ahead of runners-up Russia.
On November 5, 2015, Austria took 10th place in the FIFA world ranking of national soccer teams. This meant the highest ranking of the ÖFB selection since the list was introduced.
In the group stage of the European Championship finals , Austria, which competed with all regular qualifiers, faced Hungary , Portugal and Iceland . The team could not continue the performance of the qualification and were eliminated after defeats against the outsiders Hungary and Iceland and a goalless draw against eventual tournament winner Portugal as the bottom of the group, while the other three teams were able to contest the round of 16.
After the team had finished group D of qualifying for the 2018 World Cup in fourth place and was therefore unable to qualify, the contract with Koller, which expired on December 31, 2017, was not extended.
From 2018: new beginning under Franco Foda
The ÖFB announced on October 30, 2017 that the German Franco Foda will take over the position of team manager on January 1, 2018. Due to an agreement with SK Sturm Graz , where Foda was still under contract until December 31, 2017, Foda worked in the team camp with the team between November 6 and 14, 2017 and coached the team in the international match against Uruguay (2: 1) . On June 2, 2018 followed the first time since 1986, a victory against Germany , as in a friendly in Klagenfurt, the reigning world champion with goals in the German Bundesliga active Martin Hinteregger ( FC Augsburg ) and Alessandro Schöpf ( FC Schalke 04 ) with 2: beaten 1 could be.
The Austrian national football team has traditionally played in white camisoles, black shorts and black socks since 1902. The colors white and black were then declared as the official jersey colors by the ÖFB (founded in 1904) in 1908 .
The origin of these colors goes back to the Crusades in the 12th century : During the siege of Akkon (1191) a field hospital was built in front of the city for humanitarian reasons by traveling merchants from Bremen and Lübeck . From this hospitaller community emerged the Teutonic Knights , who from 1805 mostly had their headquarters in Vienna. The colors of the Teutonic Order are black and white. During the coalition wars against Napoleon (1807–1815), the black and white colors of the Teutonic Order and Prussia were adopted by the gymnastics movement for their gymnastics clothing, and later by the German and Austrian national soccer teams. The colors of modern home dress also have their origins in the siege of Akkon: According to legend, Leopold V of Austria is said to have worn a white tunic . After one of the many battles he is said to have been splattered with blood. When he took off his wide belt, a white stripe was visible on the blood-red robe. Since his banner (presumably a black panther on a white background) was lost during the battle, the emperor allowed him to use the colors red-white-red as a new banner.
In the legendary victory over the Germans in Córdoba in 1978 , the Austrians came up in the replacement kits of that time with red bibs and socks and white trousers. In 2002, the then team boss Hans Krankl (two-time goalscorer from Córdoba) intervened successfully, since then the Austrian national team has competed in the red-white-red colors, based on the Austrian flag . This decision was by no means undisputed. In 2006, the white-black combination, which had previously been converted into an away dress, was pushed back further and until 2010 was only used sporadically as a third dress behind a black-red one.
In May 2010 Austria returned to its traditional colors and competed in the classic white alternative suits and black shorts, but with white socks (comparable to the classic playing attire of the German national soccer team ) at away games . For home games, the red-white-red set is used as before. The team supplier of the ÖFB has been the company Puma since 1976 , the choice of footwear is up to the players.
In November 2019, a new outfit in black, turquoise and gold was presented; the choice of colors should be reminiscent of Viennese Art Nouveau . It was worn for the first time on November 16, 2019 in the game against North Macedonia .
The Austrian national team has not yet won a title at world championships, but achieved great success with third place at the 1954 World Cup and fourth place at the 1934 World Cup. In the European Cup , the team was victorious over Italy in 1932, only narrowly defeated them in 1930 and 1935. At the UEFA European Championships there was the best result with a quarter-finals in 1960, for a final round Austria qualified as one of the hosts in 2008 and in 2016 for the first time.
Participation in world championships
|1934||Italy||4th place||2||0||2||7: 7||items|
|1938||France||Round of 16||0||1||1||3: 5||items|
|1958||Sweden||Main round - 15th place||0||1||2||2: 7||items|
|1978||Argentina||Final round - 7th place||3||0||3||7:10||items|
|1982||Spain||Final round - 8th place||2||1||2||5: 4||items|
|1990||Italy||Preliminary round||1||0||2||2: 3||items|
|1994||United States||not qualified||-||-||-||-||-|
|1998||France||Preliminary round||0||2||1||3: 4||items|
|2002||Japan and South Korea||not qualified||-||-||-||-||-|
|2010||South Africa||not qualified||-||-||-||-||-|
- Austria appeared together with Germany as a large German national team, but FIFA still kept Austria a tournament spot free because it did not recognize the dissolution of the ÖFB.
Participation in European Cups
- The competition was canceled because of the annexation of Austria to the German Reich.
Participation in European championships
|1964||Spain||Round of 16||0||1||1||2: 3|
|2000||Belgium and the Netherlands||not qualified||-||-||-||-|
|2008||Austria and Switzerland||Preliminary round||0||1||2||1: 3|
|2012||Poland and Ukraine||not qualified||-||-||-||-|
|2016||France||Preliminary round||0||1||2||1: 4|
- The finals only began with the semi-finals.
Participation in the Olympic Games
|1912||Stockholm||Consolation round||3||0||2||12: 8||items|
|1936||Berlin||2nd place (silver medal)||2||0||2||9: 8||items|
|1948||London||Round of 16||0||0||1||0: 3||items|
|1952||Helsinki||Quarter finals||1||0||1||5: 6||items|
Player and coach
On the occasion of the turn of the century, in 1999 the Kronen Zeitung called for an election for the national team of the (20th) century . Austria's Footballer of the Year is determined every year in the same procedure . The winning team presents itself as follows:
|Robert Sara - Ernst Happel - Bruno Pezzey|
|Gerhard Hanappi - Herbert Prohaska - Ernst Ocffekt - Andreas Herzog|
|Hans Krankl - Matthias Sindelar - Toni Polster|
- Walter Zeman: The powerful world goalkeeper in 1953 earned the nicknames Tiger of Glasgow and Panther of Budapest in his career . The Rapidler played for Austria in the 1950s and was a World Cup participant in 1954. He was able to prevail over Rudi Hiden, the goalkeeper of the wonder team, who was, however, better rated by the international experts of the IFFHS .
- Robert Sara: The Austria defender was the captain of the Córdoba team, prepared, among other things, Krankl's famous goal to make it 3-2 with a 40-meter pass and was also elected to the All-Star team of the World Cup.
- Ernst Happel: The Rapidler Ernst Happel ordered the defense of Austria's 54 team, but made a name for himself internationally primarily as a coach. He won the European Champion Clubs' Cup with Feyenoord Rotterdam and Hamburger SV and was runner-up in 1978 with the Netherlands.
- Bruno Pezzey: The man from Vorarlberg played together with Robert Sara in the defense of the Cordoba team and also took part in the 1982 World Cup. He is best remembered for his tragic early death.
- Gerhard Hanappi: With 93 team appearances, the Wacker star and later Rapidler Gerhard Hanappi was an Austrian record international for a long time, with the team he achieved third place in 1954 in Switzerland.
- Herbert Prohaska: The Austrian is another player on the Córdoba team and participated in the 1982 World Cup. Herbert Prohaska also led the team as a coach for the 1998 World Cup in France.
- Ernst Ocffekt: The Austria star of the 1950s was the middle runner and source of ideas for the 54 team. He himself was the captain of the world selection twice.
- Andreas Herzog: The record international from Rapid took part in two world championships for Austria in 1990 and 1998 and, with his decisive goals against Sweden, contributed in particular to qualifying for France in 1998.
- Hans Krankl: From Austria's point of view, Hans Krankl was the star at the 1978 World Cup in Argentina, and in the same year was also named Europe's top scorer. The Rapidler had less success as national coach in the early 2000s.
- Matthias Sindelar: The "Papierene" is still considered to be the greatest player in Austrian football history. He was the center forward of the wonder team and helped Wiener Austria to two Mitropacup victories.
- Toni Polster: The Austria striker is Austria's record scorer with 44 goals and a two-time World Cup participant in 1990 and 1998. In 1987 he was named Europe's top scorer.
Record players and goal scorers
In Austria, the titles of record player and record shooter have always been very popular, although one must consider that nowadays far more international matches take place every year than in the early years of football. Both records were held for a long time by Jan Studnicka , who scored 18 goals in 28 games by 1918. Josef Brandstätter was the first to hit the 40 mark with 42 games in 1924, and Josef Blum improved to 51 games in 1932. Since 1962, Gerhard Hanappi's record of 93 games was considered unattainable for Austria for a long time, only in 1998 did Toni Polster overtake him. His record of 95 games was finally surpassed by Andreas Herzog in 2002.
After Studnicka in 1934, Hans Horvath set a new record with 29 goals, which also lasted up to Hans Krankl's best performance in the 80s, but was then outbid again by Toni Polster. A well-known anecdote in Austria relates how Hans Krankl is said to have said to his son at an international match in the stands when he found the record list of ÖFB goal scorers in the program booklet, which he led with 34 goals: “Look here, Bua! Horvath - dead, Hof - spüüt nimma, Schall - dead, Sindelar - dead, Zischek - dead, Schachner - nothing more, upholstery - nothing more. Who should overtake me? ".
|93||Gerhard Hanappi (†)||1948-1962||12|
|86||Karl Koller (†)||1952-1965||5|
|85||Marko Arnautović (active, Shanghai SIPG )||2008–||26th|
|Bruno Pezzey (†)||1975-1990||9|
|80||Aleksandar Dragović (active, Bayer 04 Leverkusen )||2009–||1|
|78||Christian Fuchs (active, Leicester City )||2006-2016||1|
|29||Hans Horvath (†)||1924-1934||46||0.63|
|28||Erich Hof (†)||1957-1969||37||0.76|
|27||Anton Schall (†)||1927-1934||28||0.96|
|26th||Matthias Sindelar (†)||1926-1937||43||0.60|
|Marko Arnautović (active, Shanghai SIPG )||2008–||85||0.31|
|24||Karl Zischek (†)||1931-1945||40||0.60|
Note: A full list of national players can be found here .
Further national players with 50 or more internationals
As of November 19, 2019
- 74 games: Julian Baumgartlinger (active, Bayer 04 Leverkusen )
- 73 games: Sebastian Prödl (active, Watford FC )
- 72 games: David Alaba (active, FC Bayern Munich )
- 70 games: Marc Janko
- 69 games: Andreas Ivanschitz , Hans Krankl
- 68 games: Martin Harnik (active, Hamburger SV ), Heribert Weber
- 65 games: Peter Stöger
- 64 games: Walter Schachner
- 63 games: Andreas Ogris , Toni Pfeffer , Peter Schöttel
- 62 games: Ernst Ocffekt (†)
- 61 games: Emanuel Pogatetz (active, LASK )
- 59 games: Kurt Jara , Franz Wohlfahrt
- 58 games: René Aufhauser
- 56 games: Willi Kreuz , Markus Schopp , Martin Stranzl
- 55 games: Peter Artner , Zlatko Junuzović (active, FC Red Bull Salzburg ), Dietmar Kühbauer , Robert Sara
- 51 games: Josef Blum (†), Ernst Happel (†), Roland Hattenberger
- 50 games: Martin Hiden , Erich Obermayer , Ivica Vastić
The team leader of the Austrian national soccer team is appointed by the ÖFB. He trains and looks after the team at international matches, and the team boss also decides on the calling up of players for the national team. This was originally carried out from October 12, 1902 to June 14, 1913 by the Austrian Football Association or its predecessors themselves. The current supervisory staff is composed as follows:
|function||Surname||nation||Date of birth|
|Sports director||Peter Schöttel||March 26, 1967|
|Team boss||Franco Foda Note 1||April 23, 1966|
|Assistant coach||Thomas Kristl Note 1||April 18, 1963|
|Assistant coach||Imre Szabic's Note 1||March 22, 1981|
|Goalkeeping coach||Klaus Lindenberger||May 28, 1957|
|Fitness trainer||Roger Spry||November 14, 1950|
|Team doctor||Richard Eggenhofer|
|No.||Surname||Date of birth||society||Games||Gates||debut||Last
|1||Alexander Schlager||Feb. 1, 1996||LASK||1||0||Nov 16, 2019||Nov 16, 2019|
|12||Pavao Pervan||Nov 13, 1987||VfL Wolfsburg||1||0||19 Nov 2019||19 Nov 2019|
|13||Cican Stankovic||Nov 4, 1992||FC Red Bull Salzburg||4th||0||6 Sep 2019||Oct 13, 2019|
|2||Andreas Ulmer||Oct. 30, 1985||FC Red Bull Salzburg||17th||0||Feb 11, 2009||Nov 16, 2019|
|3||Aleksandar Dragović||6th Mar 1991||Bayer 04 Leverkusen||80||1||June 6, 2009||19 Nov 2019|
|4th||Martin Hinteregger||Sep 7 1992||Eintracht Frankfurt||45||4th||Nov 19, 2013||Nov 16, 2019|
|5||Stefan Posch||May 14, 1997||TSG 1899 Hoffenheim||5||1||June 10, 2019||19 Nov 2019|
|21st||Stefan Lainer||Aug 27, 1992||Borussia Monchengladbach||18th||1||28 Mar 2017||Nov 16, 2019|
|Philipp Lienhart||July 11, 1996||Sc freiburg||1||0||Oct 9, 2017||Oct 9, 2017|
|6th||Stefan Ilsanker||May 18, 1989||Eintracht Frankfurt||42||0||May 30, 2014||19 Nov 2019|
|8th||David Alaba||June 24, 1992||FC Bayern Munich||72||14th||21 Mar 2009||Nov 16, 2019|
|10||Florian Grillitsch||Aug 7, 1995||TSG 1899 Hoffenheim||15th||1||28 Mar 2017||19 Nov 2019|
|14th||Julian Baumgartlinger||Jan. 2, 1988||Bayer 04 Leverkusen||74||1||Sep 9 2009||19 Nov 2019|
|16||Peter Žulj||June 9, 1993||RSC Anderlecht||10||0||27 Mar 2018||24 Mar 2019|
|17th||Florian Kainz||Oct 24, 1992||1. FC Cologne||16||0||Nov 17, 2015||Oct 13, 2019|
|18th||Konrad Laimer||May 27, 1997||RB Leipzig||7th||1||June 7, 2019||Nov 16, 2019|
|22nd||Valentino Lazaro||24 Mar 1996||Borussia Monchengladbach||28||3||May 30, 2014||Nov 16, 2019|
|23||Xaver Schlager||28 Sep 1997||VfL Wolfsburg||11||1||23 Mar 2018||June 10, 2019|
|Christoph Baumgartner||Aug 1, 1999||TSG 1899 Hoffenheim||0||0|
|9||Marcel Sabitzer||19 Mar 1994||RB Leipzig||42||6th||5th June 2012||Nov 16, 2019|
|11||Michael Gregoritsch||Apr 18, 1994||FC Augsburg||17th||2||5th Sep 2016||19 Nov 2019|
|19th||Karim Onisiwo||17th Mar 1992||1. FSV Mainz 05||6th||0||Nov 17, 2015||19 Nov 2019|
|Adrian Grbić||Aug 4, 1996||FC Lorient||0||0|
The following players are not part of the current squad, but were used in the national team in 2018 and 2019:
|Heinz Lindner||17th July 1990||without a club||28||0||June 1, 2012||June 10, 2019|
|Jörg Siebenhandl||Jan. 18, 1990||SK Sturm Graz||2||0||27 Mar 2018||2nd June 2018|
|Richard Strebinger||Feb. 14, 1993||SK Rapid Vienna||1||0||Oct 16, 2018||Oct 16, 2018|
|Moritz Bauer||Jan 25, 1992||Stoke City||6th||0||5th Sep 2017||2nd June 2018|
|Kevin Danso||19 Sep 1998||Fortuna Dusseldorf||6th||0||Sep 2 2017||June 10, 2018|
|Marco Friedl||16. Mar. 1998||Werder Bremen||0||0|
|Sebastian Prödl||June 21, 1987||Udinese Calcio||73||4th||May 30, 2007||Oct 16, 2018|
|Reinhold Ranftl||Jan. 24, 1992||LASK||1||0||19 Nov 2019||19 Nov 2019|
|Gernot Trauner||25th Mar 1992||LASK||1||0||Oct 16, 2018||Oct 16, 2018|
|Christopher Trimmel||Feb. 24, 1987||1. FC Union Berlin||7th||0||Aug 12, 2009||19 Nov 2019|
|Maximilian Ullmann||June 17, 1996||SK Rapid Vienna||0||0|
|Kevin Wimmer||Nov 15, 1992||Stoke City||9||0||Nov 19, 2013||Oct 16, 2018|
|Thomas Goiginger||15th Mar 1993||LASK||1||0||19 Nov 2019||19 Nov 2019|
|Stefan Hierländer||Feb 3, 1991||SK Sturm Graz||3||0||27 Mar 2018||Oct 16, 2018|
|Louis Schaub||Dec 29, 1994||1. FC Cologne||14th||5||Oct 6, 2016||19 Nov 2019|
|Alessandro Schöpf||Feb 7, 1994||FC Schalke 04||22nd||4th||May 25, 2012||Nov 15, 2018|
|Maximilian Wöber||Feb. 4, 1998||FC Red Bull Salzburg||6th||0||Oct 6, 2017||19 Nov 2019|
|Deni Alar||Jan. 18, 1990||SK Rapid Vienna||2||0||Nov 14, 2017||May 30, 2018|
|Marko Arnautović||Apr 19, 1989||Shanghai SIPG||85||26th||Oct 11, 2008||Nov 16, 2019|
|Lukas Hinterseer||28 Mar 1991||Hamburger SV||13||0||Nov 19, 2013||19 Nov 2019|
List of national players
A list of all national players as well as an enumeration of Austrians in other national teams can be found under List of Austrian national soccer players .
|date||Venue (stadium)||opponent||Result 1)||Goal scorers||Competition|
|03/21/2019||Vienna ( Ernst Happel Stadium )||Poland||0: 1 (0: 0)||Piątek (68.)||Euro 2020 qualification|
|March 24, 2019||Haifa ( Sammy Ofer Stadium )||Israel||2: 4 (1: 2)||Arnautović (8th, 75th); Zahavi (34th, 45th, 55th), Dabbur (66th)||Euro 2020 qualification|
|07.06.2019||Klagenfurt ( Wörthersee Stadium )||Slovenia||1: 0 (0: 0)||Burgstaller (74.)||Euro 2020 qualification|
|06/10/2019||Skopje ( Toše Proeski Arena )||North Macedonia||4: 1 (1: 1)||Lazaro (39th), Arnautović (62nd, penalty, 82nd), Bejtulai (86th, own goal); Hinteregger (18th, own goal)||Euro 2020 qualification|
|06.09.2019||Wals-Siezenheim ( Red Bull Arena )||Latvia||6: 0 (2: 0)||Arnautović (7th, 53rd, penalty), Sabitzer (13th), Šteinbors (76th, own goal), Laimer (80th), Gregoritsch (84th)||Euro 2020 qualification|
|09.09.2019||Warsaw ( National Stadium )||Poland||0-0||Euro 2020 qualification|
|10/10/2019||Vienna ( Ernst Happel Stadium )||Israel||3: 1 (1: 1)||Lazaro (41st), Hinteregger (56th), Sabitzer (88th); Zahavi (34.)||Euro 2020 qualification|
|October 13, 2019||Ljubljana ( Stožice Stadium )||Slovenia||1: 0 (1: 0)||Posch (21.)||Euro 2020 qualification|
|11/16/2019||Vienna ( Ernst Happel Stadium )||North Macedonia||2: 1 (1: 0)||Alaba (7th), Lainer (48th); Stojanovski (90th + 3)||Euro 2020 qualification|
|November 19, 2019||Riga ( Daugava Stadium )||Latvia||0: 1 (0: 0)||Ošs (65.)||Euro 2020 qualification|
1) Results from an Austrian perspective
The great popularity of football led to the construction of large stadiums in the early days of Austrian football history, but the construction of a dedicated stadium for the national team remained largely in the planning stage for a long time. The national team played their first international matches on the largest squares of the Viennese clubs. In the first few years these were the venues of the Vienna AC and the Cricketer in the Prater, Austria's debut international game took place in 1902 at the former club. Since the "big" clubs often refused to make players and places available to the association, several international matches had to be relocated to the small Rudolfsheimer Platz , which also had a steep gradient. With the increasing number of spectators in the national competitions and the growing popularity of the team, however, more and more clubs competed to host the Austrian international matches, which also built new stadiums with a large auditorium. In May 1920 , the 1. Simmeringer SC opened a new stadium for around 50,000 visitors, which, in addition to the championship games, was also to serve as the home stadium for the national team. The first long-term home stadium, however, was the Wiener Hohe Warte , the club stadium of Vienna , which opened a year later as the largest and most modern football stadium in Europe. The Hohe Warte was a purely natural stadium and officially held over 80,000 spectators.
For the second Workers' Olympics in 1931, the Prater Stadium, today the Ernst Happel Stadium , was opened, today Austria's largest stadium. It was handed over to the Austrian national soccer team for re-use, and they still use it as their home stadium today. The first international match in the new stadium was scheduled between Austria and Germany , it should be the revenge for the shortly before overtaken 6-0 home defeat of the German national team. However, Austria was again able to prevail with a clear 5: 0, Matthias Sindelar scored the first international goal in the second minute of the game. The Ernst Happel Stadium is today recognized by UEFA as a five-star stadium . It once held 90,000 spectators, but the seats have now been reduced to just under 50,000.
During friendlies, the team increasingly moved to smaller stadiums in the federal states in order to present itself to the fans there. The first home game outside Vienna took place in 1968 on the Linzer Gugl , since then the Innsbruck Tivoli , the Klagenfurt Wörthersee Stadium , the Red Bull Arena in Wals-Siezenheim and the Merkur Arena in Graz have also hosted international matches.
In addition to the stadium mentioned, there were numerous other stadiums in and outside Vienna that hosted international matches, see list of international matches for the Austrian national football team # According to stadiums and places .
The national team's games in Austria, sometimes also abroad (depending on the importance of the game and the distance to the venue), attract a large following. In contrast to most other countries in continental Europe, the fan sector (in the Happel Stadium sector C / D) is managed by an independent main fan club, which is supported by other fan clubs. As with Austria's fan scenes (e.g. Rapid, Austria, Sturm Graz, Innsbruck, Austria Salzburg), this is based on ultra support . In the past the Tornadoes and the Patriots were the main fan clubs, now the Hurricanes . In addition, the ÖFB introduced the family fan club Immer wieder Österreich in August 2012 , which clearly distinguishes itself from the ideology of the ultras and does not take its place in the fan curve. In addition to the pure team fan clubs, fan clubs from Austrian football clubs also regularly go to the games, especially to the away games of the national team.
Amateur national team
From the time that professional players were introduced in Austria in 1924 until the annexation in 1938, it had its own amateur national team. Above all, this should give players from the federal states the opportunity to take part in international matches, as they did not take part in the professional championship with their clubs at the time. A first official international match of the amateur selection took place on September 25, 1927 in Budapest against Hungary, but no more than an average of two international matches were organized per year. The plan to send the amateur team to the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin caused a sensation , as the professional team was excluded from all Olympic Games. Coach Jimmy Hogan and Ludwig Hussak thus formed a team for Berlin from exclusively third-rate players, which was initially viewed with a lot of ridicule. The amateur national team, however, reached the final, in which they defeated Italy in a tough game with 1: 2 in extra time. With the silver medalist Franz Fuchsberger , a man from the province also made the leap into the professional national team. The successes of the amateurs were finally taken into account with the introduction of a nationwide professional championship operation, so that the Austrian amateur national team played for the last time on September 19, 1937 in Vienna in a 6-3 victory over Hungary.
In the early days of the national team, little attention was paid to this. The big Viennese clubs often refused to make their players available. The newspapers devoted little more than 20 lines to the international matches. Interest in the team rose suddenly, however, when in 1909 a large number of Hungarian battle-goers came to Vienna for an international match in the Austro-Hungarian duels in the early days, which aroused the Viennese out of their indifference to the team. Soon one identified more and more with the team. This development reached its first peak during the period between the world wars and in the post-war period . The great successes of the Austrian national team were on the one hand a welcome change in the time of high unemployment and political unrest, on the other hand they strengthened Austria's self-confidence. The then Minister of Education, Felix Hurdes, wrote, for example, on the 50th anniversary of the association: “[...] The fact that Austria, from an international point of view, occupies a position in sport that leaves some nation behind, whose athletes work under much more favorable living conditions, is decisive contributed to creating respect for the name of Austria in the world. ” During this time, the team's successes always went hand in hand with the successes of the clubs, with legionnaires being increasingly preferred to join the team in recent decades. The national team has remained very popular to this day. Keywords such as “ Córdoba ” are also familiar to Austrians who are not interested in football.
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- Der Standard: With a Gala in Bliss , accessed on September 12, 2015
- FIFA: Men's World Ranking
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- The official fan clubs of the ÖFB , oefb.at
- Website Hurricanes Austria
- Fanklub Immer wieder Österreich ( Memento of the original from August 13, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.