Football World Cup 1966
|1966 FIFA World Cup|
|Football World Championship 1966|
|Number of nations||16 (of 71 applicants)|
|World Champion||England (1st title)|
|Opening game||July 11, 1966 ( London )|
|Endgame||July 30, 1966 (London)|
|Gates||89 (⌀: 2.78 per game)|
|spectator||1,563,135 (⌀: 48,848 per game)|
|Top scorer||Eusébio (9 goals)|
|References||5 (⌀: 0.16 per game)|
Venues in 1966 in England
The final round of the FIFA World Cup 1966 ( English Football World Championship was) the eighth playout this important tournament for football - national teams and was held from 11th to 30th July 1966 in England , the "home of football" instead.
World champions became host country England in the final against Germany, in which the Wembley goal was one of the most controversial and at the same time most famous goals in football history. With this goal the preliminary decision for England's first and so far only title win in a major final tournament had been made.
The Portuguese Eusébio was the top scorer with nine goals and led his national team to third place in their first World Cup participation. Defending champions Brazil were eliminated after the group stage. Vice world champion Czechoslovakia did not qualify for the tournament.
In addition to England, Spain and Germany had also applied to host the 1966 World Cup. On August 22, 1960, the award was voted on at the World Football Congress in Rome. When Spain withdrew its candidacy shortly before the vote, only two applicants remained. With 34:27 votes with six abstentions, the decision was ultimately made in favor of England, which scored points with the argument “100 years of football in England” (the Football Association was founded in 1863).
The World Cup games were played in eight stadiums in seven different English cities.
- London ( Wembley Stadium ): The Wembley Stadium in London was the largest stadium of the 1966 World Cup. It offered 98,600 spectators and was renovated in the run-up to the World Cup for six million marks. Only minor renovations were carried out especially for the World Cup. At Wembley Stadium, five group A preliminary round matches, a quarter-final, a semi-final, the third-place match and the final were played. A total of 778,034 viewers saw the nine games, an average of 86,448 viewers. Most (98,270) came to the last group game against France.
- London ( White City Stadium ): In the White City Stadium only one game of group A was played. Since the owner of the Wembley stadium refused to postpone a greyhound race, a replacement stadium in London was necessary for the match between France and Uruguay. The White City Stadium held 54,000 spectators and 45,662 people watched the game.
- Birmingham ( Villa Park ): Three Group B games took place in Villa Park in Birmingham, home of the first division club Aston Villa . The stadium was renovated for 1.3 million marks, and the number of spectators was reduced from 72,000 to 55,000 in favor of seats. A total of 131,512 viewers saw the three games, an average of 43,837 per game.
- Sheffield ( Hillsborough Stadium ): Hillsborough Stadium in Sheffield had 58,000 seats during the World Cup. At the Sheffield Wednesday homestead , capacity has been reduced by 7,000 in favor of seating. The main stand was rebuilt for 1.5 million marks, and the stadium also got a new steel roof especially for the World Cup. A total of 2.5 million marks were spent on the renovation of the stadium. In addition to three preliminary group B matches, the quarter-final match with the German team took place in Hillsborough. A total of 140,289 spectators came to the four games, an average of 35,072, most of them to the quarter-finals: 40,007.
- Liverpool ( Goodison Park ): With 64,000 seats, Goodison Park was the second largest stadium at the 1966 World Cup. The home of Everton FC was also reduced by 4,000 seats in order to have more seats. Three Group C games, a quarter-final game and a semi-final pairing took place at Goodison Park. 235,695 spectators saw the five games, an average of 47,139, with the semifinals having the fewest with 38,273 spectators.
- Manchester ( Old Trafford ): Old Trafford, home of Manchester United football club , held 58,000 spectators during the World Cup. In order to have more seats, the capacity was reduced by 9,000 seats. A total of one million marks was invested in the renovation. Old Trafford hosted three group C group matches. 79,453 spectators watched the three matches, an average of 26,484.
- Sunderland ( Roker Park ): During the World Cup, Roker Park in Sunderland had 54,000 spectators. A new restaurant and new press rooms were built for the World Cup for 700,000 marks, the total capacity was reduced by 10,000 places. The home stadium of Sunderland AFC hosted three group D preliminary round matches and one quarter-final match. 97,863 spectators saw the four games, an average of 24,466.
- Middlesbrough ( Ayresome Park ): With 40,000 seats, Ayresome Park was the smallest stadium at the 1966 World Cup. In the home stadium of Middlesbrough FC , the audience capacity was reduced by 9,000. The renovation costs totaled 1.2 million marks. The stadium was the venue for three games of Group D. Only 54,627 spectators saw the three games and thus the fewest (18,209) on average. The game between North Korea and Chile had the fewest visitors of all games with 13,792 spectators.
71 nations registered their participation in qualifying for the 1966 World Cup, which was a new record. England as the host and Brazil as the defending champion were automatically qualified, with 69 nations playing for a total of 14 free places. All African teams withdrew their applications after they were only supposed to get one place together with Asia and Oceania. Europe was entitled to nine qualification places, South America three. The North and Central American countries were also only given one place.
After 127 qualifying games, the following 16 teams were determined for the World Cup finals:
|10 from Europe||Bulgaria||BR Germany||England||France|
|4 from South America||Argentina||Brazil||Chile||Uruguay|
|1 from North, Central America and the Caribbean||Mexico|
|1 from Asia and Africa||North Korea|
The group draw, which took place on January 6, 1966 at the Royal Garden Hotel in London , was televised for the first time. The organizing committee had agreed the previous evening on four pots of four teams each.
- Pot 1: Brazil (defending champion), Argentina, Chile, Uruguay
- Pot 2: France, Italy, Portugal, Spain
- Pot 3: England (host), BR Germany, Soviet Union, Hungary
- Pot 4: Bulgaria, Mexico, North Korea, Switzerland
Defending champions Brazil were placed in Group C and hosts England were placed as group heads in Group A to play the opening game. The Federal Republic of Germany and Italy were also set. An official opening game was played for the first time at this World Cup. After 15 minutes the draw was over and the four groups had been determined.
|Group A||Group B||Group C||Group D|
|England||BR Germany||Bulgaria||Soviet Union|
For information on the individual World Cup groups and squads of the teams, click on the respective link.
The tournament mode remained unchanged compared to the 1962 World Cup in Chile . The 16 participants competed in four preliminary groups with four teams each. Everyone played against everyone once. There were two points for a win and one point for a draw. In the event of a tie, the better goal quotient decided the placement. If this were also the same, the lot should have decided.
The first two in each group qualified for the quarter-finals. From the quarter-finals onwards, the tournament was played in a knockout system . In the quarter-finals, a group winner met a group runner-up.
If there was no winner in a knockout round match after 90 minutes, extra time of 15 minutes was played twice. If there had been a tie after that, the lot would have been used again for the decision. This rule was lifted in the final. If no winner had been determined after the first final game, a replay would have been scheduled. Had there not been a winner even after this, the lot would have been used. A drawing of lots was not necessary at this World Cup.
|2.||Uruguay||3||1||2||0||2: 1||+1||4: 2|
|3.||Mexico||3||0||2||1||1: 3||−2||2: 4|
|4th||France||3||0||1||2||2: 5||−3||1: 5|
|July 11, 1966 at 7:30 p.m. in London (Wembley Stadium)|
|July 13, 1966 at 7:30 p.m. in London (Wembley Stadium)|
|France||-||Mexico||1: 1 (0: 0)|
|July 15, 1966 at 7:30 p.m. in London (White City)|
|Uruguay||-||France||2: 1 (2: 1)|
|July 16, 1966 at 3:00 p.m. in London (Wembley Stadium)|
|England||-||Mexico||2: 0 (1: 0)|
|19 July 1966 at 4:30 p.m. in London (Wembley Stadium)|
|July 20, 1966 at 7:30 p.m. in London (Wembley Stadium)|
|England||-||France||2: 0 (1: 0)|
England mastered the preliminary round as expected. After a goalless start against Uruguay, both Mexico and France were defeated 2-0 each. According to English journalists Simon Kuper and Niall Edworthy, both English goals against France were irregular. The English fans were not satisfied with the performances shown, the longed-for world title did not seem attainable after this start.
Uruguay was able to reach second place in the preliminary round and thus qualify for the quarter-finals. With a draw against England and a win against France, they had practically reached the quarter-finals. With a goalless draw against Mexico, the Charrúas gave away the possible group victory . The playing style of the two-time world champion was criticized as extremely defensive and harsh.
As in all previous world championships, Mexico was eliminated in the preliminary round. With Antonio Carbajal they had at least one player in the squad who completed his fifth World Cup and set a record that was only set in 1998 by Lothar Matthäus .
France was unable to continue this performance when it first took part after finishing third in 1958. In the end, they only had one point against Mexico from the opening game.
|1.||BR Germany||3||2||1||0||7: 1||+6||5: 1|
|2.||Argentina||3||2||1||0||4: 1||+3||5: 1|
|3.||Spain||3||1||0||2||4: 5||−1||2: 4|
|4th||Switzerland||3||0||0||3||1: 9||−8||0: 6|
|Sheffield July 12, 1966 at 7:30 p.m.|
|BR Germany||-||Switzerland||5: 0 (3: 0)|
|July 13, 1966 at 7:30 p.m. in Birmingham|
|Spain||-||Argentina||1: 2 (0: 0)|
|July 15, 1966 at 7:30 p.m. in Sheffield|
|Spain||-||Switzerland||2: 1 (0: 1)|
|July 16, 1966 at 3:00 p.m. in Birmingham|
|July 19, 1966 at 7:30 p.m. in Sheffield|
|Argentina||-||Switzerland||2: 0 (0: 0)|
|July 20, 1966 at 7:30 p.m. in Birmingham|
|BR Germany||-||Spain||2: 1 (1: 1)|
The Federal Republic of Germany defeated Switzerland 5-0 at the beginning and became group winners with a 0-0 victory over Argentina and a 2-1 win over Spain. In the preliminary round, Franz Beckenbauer, who was only 20 years old, was particularly noticeable.
Argentina laid the foundation for reaching the quarter-finals with an opening win over Spain. In the end, the team only had to settle for second place because of the poorer goal difference compared to the FRG.
European champions Spain could not reach the quarter-finals , although they were equipped with many stars from the domestic Primera División and Serie A. After a defeat against Argentina and a happy 2-1 win over Switzerland, the decisive game against the German team was lost 2-1.
Switzerland reached its limits at this tournament. Without great individual talent, the Swiss could not stand up to the established national teams. In particular, the weak defense made it impossible to surprise the Swiss.
|2.||Hungary||3||2||0||1||7: 5||+2||4: 2|
|3.||Brazil||3||1||0||2||4: 6||−2||2: 4|
|4th||Bulgaria||3||0||0||3||1: 8||−7||0: 6|
|12 July 1966 at 7:30 p.m. in Liverpool|
|Brazil||-||Bulgaria||2: 0 (1: 0)|
|July 13, 1966 at 7:30 p.m. in Manchester|
|Portugal||-||Hungary||3: 1 (1: 0)|
|July 15, 1966 at 7:30 p.m. in Liverpool|
|Brazil||-||Hungary||1: 3 (1: 1)|
|July 16, 1966 at 3:00 p.m. in Manchester|
|Portugal||-||Bulgaria||3: 0 (2: 0)|
|19 July 1966 at 7:30 p.m. in Liverpool|
|Portugal||-||Brazil||3: 1 (2: 0)|
|July 20, 1966 at 7:30 p.m. in Manchester|
|Hungary||-||Bulgaria||3: 1 (2: 1)|
Portugal surprised positively as a newcomer. With courageous attack football, led by Eusébio , the Portuguese were able to celebrate their place in the last eight as the group winners. All three games were won convincingly, in the last group game you defeated the reigning world champion and thus ensured his sensational preliminary round. Like Portugal, Hungary surprisingly managed to place itself ahead of Brazil. With Flórián Albert , Ferenc Bene and Gyula Rákosi , the Hungarians had great attack potential, which was mainly responsible for moving into the next round. Brazil's defeat in the second group game against Hungary (1: 3), without Pelé , who was injured in the first game against Bulgaria, was Brazil's first defeat at a World Cup since 1954, when it was also defeated by Hungary. After the defeat against Hungary, coach Feola replaced nine players, almost the entire team. Including the aged world champions Gilmar, Garrincha , Bellini and Djalma Santos . The newly formed Brazilian team, to which Pelé returned, was greatly rejuvenated. Pelé could not play his class against Portugal because he was brutally attacked by his opponents, which was not punished by the English referee. Pelé had to be treated for a long time due to an injury and then came back on the pitch battered (substitutions were not yet possible). Pelé was practically out of the game for Brazil, while Eusebio showed a strong performance for Portugal. Brazil lost the game against Portugal 3-1 and was eliminated as the reigning world champion after the group games. Bulgaria did not get beyond the role of the extras in Group 3. As in the 1962 World Cup, the Bulgarian team was eliminated from the bottom of the table.
|1.||Soviet Union||3||3||0||0||6: 1||+5||6-0|
|2.||North Korea||3||1||1||1||2: 4||−2||3: 3|
|3.||Italy||3||1||0||2||2: 2||± 0||2: 4|
|4th||Chile||3||0||1||2||2: 5||−3||1: 5|
|12 July 1966 at 7:30 p.m. in Middlesbrough|
|Soviet Union||-||North Korea||3: 0 (2: 0)|
|July 13, 1966 at 7:30 p.m. in Sunderland|
|Italy||-||Chile||2: 0 (1: 0)|
|15 July 1966 at 7:30 p.m. in Middlesbrough|
|Chile||-||North Korea||1: 1 (1: 0)|
|July 16, 1966 at 3:00 p.m. in Sunderland|
|Soviet Union||-||Italy||1: 0 (0: 0)|
|19 July 1966 at 7:30 p.m. in Middlesbrough|
|Italy||-||North Korea||0: 1 (0: 1)|
|July 20, 1966 at 7:30 p.m. in Sunderland|
|Soviet Union||-||Chile||2: 1 (1: 1)|
The Soviet Union played the preliminary round confidently. All three games could be won, with only one goal conceded. Admittedly unspectacular, but with sober and solid performances, the Soviet Union advanced safely into the next round.
North Korea was the surprise team in the preliminary round. Started as an absolute outsider and ridiculed as a hopeless exotic after the 3-0 defeat against the Soviet Union at the latest, the North Koreans showed a performance that was not thought possible by first fighting for a point against Chile before they sensationally beat the Italian superstars with 1: 0 and thus moved up under the last eight.
Italy was completely surprisingly eliminated after the preliminary round. After a victory over Chile and a narrow defeat against the Soviet Union, the entire professional world was expecting a safe victory against the North Koreans. But with a sensational 0-1 defeat, the Squadra Azzurra ended after the first round. On their return home, the Italian players were greeted by their immensely disappointed fans with tomatoes and rotten fruit.
Chile was unable to match their performance in the previous tournament. Arrived as third in the World Cup, they were eliminated as bottom of the table with just one point.
|BR Germany||2||Game for third place|
1 win after extra time
|23 July 1966 at 3 p.m. in London (Wembley Stadium)|
|England||-||Argentina||1: 0 (0: 0)|
|Sheffield July 23, 1966 at 3:00 p.m.|
|BR Germany||-||Uruguay||4: 0 (1: 0)|
|23 July 1966 at 3:00 p.m. in Liverpool|
|Portugal||-||North Korea||5: 3 (2: 3)|
|July 23, 1966 at 3:00 p.m. in Sunderland|
|Soviet Union||-||Hungary||2: 1 (1: 0)|
In the quarter-finals, the group leaders prevailed in all games. In the game between hosts England and Argentina, the German referee Rudolf Kreitlein became an involuntary leading actor after he had sent the Argentinean Antonio Rattín off the pitch after half an hour , giving the English a great advantage that they could use. However, Rattín refused to leave the pitch. The game was stopped and Rattín was led off by English policemen. Kreitlein was particularly hostile to this game in the Argentine press. English journalist Simon Kuper also mentioned that, unlike England vs. Argentina, they were not allowed to go on the pitch for twenty minutes before the game. Argentina was denied this right, to which every team is entitled, because “a dog race was supposed to take place there”. The incident with the exclusion of Rattin or his failure to leave the place was justified afterwards with a communication error between him and the referee and it was the reason for the introduction of yellow and red cards.
Germany defeated Uruguay 4-0. However, two transfers against the South Americans shortly after the break made it easier for the German team to get a high result. The goal scorers were Haller (11th, 83rd), Beckenbauer (70th) and Seeler (75th).
The game between Portugal and North Korea went down as one of the most dramatic games in World Cup history. North Korea were already leading 3-0 after 25 minutes and everything looked like the underdog could continue his incredible triumph. But Eusébio almost single-handedly turned things around: He scored four goals between the 27th and 59th minutes and prepared the fifth. As a result, Portugal made it to the semi-finals when it played for the first time in the World Cup.
The Soviet Union was also able to prevail in the quarter-finals. The Hungarians did not succeed in retrieving their performance from the preliminary round game against the Brazilians. The Soviets won thanks to their strong defense against goalkeeper Lev Yashin and their fast storm tips, which repeatedly resulted in counter opportunities.
|25 July 1966 at 7:30 p.m. in Liverpool|
|BR Germany||-||Soviet Union||2: 1 (1: 0)|
|July 26, 1966 at 7:30 p.m. in London (Wembley Stadium)|
|England||-||Portugal||2: 1 (1: 0)|
The German team reached a World Cup final for the second time by defeating the Soviet Union. The goals were scored by the two best German players of the tournament: Helmut Haller in the 43rd minute and Franz Beckenbauer in the 68th minute. The subsequent goal of the USSR in the 88th minute by Porkujan came too late.
The DFB-Elf feared whether Beckenbauer could be used in the final, because he had been cautioned for the second time in the tournament in this match (the first caution was against Argentina). However, the FIFA Disciplinary Committee ultimately found (in a process that was not entirely understandable) that Beckenbauer's violations were too minor and did not impose a ban.
The English beat Portugal 2-1. Portugal was mostly equal to England, but the English knew how to make countable things out of their moves. In addition, Eusébio was successfully put under cover by Nobby Stiles . The Portuguese star striker still scored his eighth goal, but only in the 82nd minute with a penalty to make the final score 1: 2.
3rd place match
|28 July 1966 at 7:30 p.m. in London (Wembley Stadium)|
|Portugal||-||Soviet Union||2: 1 (1: 1)|
In the game for third place, the Portuguese finished their World Cup premiere with third place. The Portuguese scored the winning goal in the 88th minute.
Gordon Banks - George Cohen , Jack Charlton , Bobby Moore , Ray Wilson - Nobby Stiles , Bobby Charlton , Martin Peters - Alan Ball , Geoff Hurst , Roger Hunt Head Coach: Alf Ramsey
Hans Tilkowski - Horst-Dieter Höttges , Willi Schulz , Wolfgang Weber , Karl-Heinz Schnellinger - Franz Beckenbauer , Helmut Haller , Wolfgang Overath - Uwe Seeler , Sigfried Held , Lothar Emmerich Head coach: Helmut Schön
1: 1 Hurst (18th)
2: 1 Peters (78th) 3: 2 Hurst (101st) 4: 2 Hurst (120th)
0: 1 Haller (12th)
2: 2 Weber (90th)
The final of the 1966 World Cup between England and the Federal Republic of Germany got off to a furious start. After just 20 minutes, goals from Helmut Haller (12th) and Geoff Hurst (18th) made it 1-1. Twelve minutes before the end of regular time, the English were able to take the lead through Martin Peters , but German defender Wolfgang Weber equalized in stoppage time with his first international goal.
The legendary Wembley goal fell in the 101st minute . Hurst shot the ball to the lower edge of the crossbar, from where it ricocheted straight down, before Weber headed it into goal. The Swiss referee Gottfried Dienst decided on goal after consulting linesman Tofiq Bəhramov . Hurst increased to 4: 2 in the final minute of the second half of extra time. Although this hit would have been irregular under normal circumstances, as spectators were already on the field, the final score of 4-2 after overtime remained. This was the first and so far only time England were world champions.
Honors of the placed
The German national team was voted Team of the Year in Germany , Franz Beckenbauer was voted Germany's Footballer of the Year and Bobby Charlton was named England's Footballer of the Year and European Footballer of the Year (Eusébio was second and Franz Beckenbauer third). Bobby Moore was named Sportsman of the Year in the UK .
The world championship team: Gordon Banks ; George Cohen , Bobby Moore , Ramon Wilson ; Jack Charlton , John Connelly , Terence Paine , Nobby Stiles , Alan Ball , Ian Callaghan , Bobby Charlton , Jimmy Greaves , Roger Hunt , Geoff Hurst , Martin Peters - Trainer: Alf Ramsey
Best goal scorers
In addition, there were 24 other players with one hit each. There were also two own goals.
The 1966 World Cup was a significant step forward compared to the 1962 World Cup in Chile. While a defensive to destructive style of play dominated four years earlier, the games were again played with more fairness and sporting spirit. There were five sent offs, but four of them were split between the two South American teams from Uruguay and Argentina, who caused negative headlines with their tough pace. The 2-3-5 system, which was still largely in use at the 1962 World Cup, was no longer used four years later and was replaced by the 4-3-3 and 4-2-4 systems.
Teams that used total defensive tactics at this World Cup were unsuccessful. Neither Italy, Chile nor Uruguay were able to provide impetus in this tournament. This World Cup was shaped by those teams who knew how to take the offensive, above all Portugal (17 goals in six games) and Germany (15 goals in six games). Nevertheless, the average of the goals scored per game remained unchanged compared to that of 1962 (2.8), which was mainly due to the fact that there was no "chance" team. Even “football dwarfs” like North Korea knew how to keep the games balanced.
At the 1966 World Cup, for the first and only time, no national anthems were played before kick-off. The reason for this was the fact that the United Kingdom had no diplomatic relations with World Cup participants North Korea and refused to play the North Korean anthem. In light of this, FIFA decided to forego all national anthems during the tournament. Only the final was excluded from this special regulation.
For the first time at a world championship, doping controls were carried out. After each game, urine samples were examined from two players per team.
As a charity match for the victims of the devastating grandstand fire in Bradford two months earlier, in July 1985 all players from the two starting lines of the Wembley final returned to the pitch. At Elland Road in Leeds , the Three Lions won 6: 4 this time.
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