The Football Association
|The Football Association|
|president||William, Duke of Cambridge|
national team ,
U-21 , U-20 , U-19 ,
U-18 , U-17 , U-16
Wembley Stadium , SW1P 9EQ,
London , United Kingdom
The FA was founded on October 26, 1863 as the first football association in the world. She was instrumental in formulating the rules of the modern game of football and holds a special place in the history of the sport. Today it is a member of UEFA and FIFA and has a permanent seat on the International Football Association Board (IFAB).
All professional football clubs in England must be members of the Football Association to participate in its competitions. The FA is responsible for the management of the English men's and women's national teams , the organization of the FA Cup - the largest and most prestigious cup competition in the country - and is also the umbrella organization of the English Football League (consisting of Championship , League One and League Two ) . The Premier League , on the other hand, is self-governing.
The FA plays a major role in the development of English grassroots football, but it continues to support amateur games and organize the national league system .
Origin of the word soccer
The English word soccer , football ', which is used mainly in regions where other forms of football are common (for example, in American or Australian ), derived as a short form of Association Football from. It describes the football that is played according to the rules of the FA. This clearly distinguishes the term from American football, which is more popular in the USA, and from rugby football originally when football was first developed. In British English , football is primarily what is called football in German. In Germany, English football is used for both soccer and American football.
Before the Football Association 's first meeting at Freemason's Tavern , a pub on Great Queen Street in London on October 26, 1863, there were no generally accepted rules of football. The founding members who attended the first meeting were representatives of clubs and educational institutions: Barnes, WO ( War Office ) Club, Crusaders, Forest of Leytonstone (later became Wanderers Football Club), NN (No Names) Club (from Kilburn , an area in north London), Crystal Palace (has no connection to today's Crystal Palace Football Club ), Blackheath Football Club, Percival House (Blackheath), Surbiton and the Blackheath Proprietary School; the Charterhouse School sent an observer but declined to join the association.
The first set of rules for modern football was drawn up during a series of six meetings that took place between October and December 1863 in the aforementioned location. At the last of these meetings, the FA's first treasurer , Blackheath's representative, withdrew his club's membership of the FA. The reason for this was the deletion of two drafted rules in the previous session. The first of these rules would have allowed walking with the ball in hand, the second would have allowed such a run to be prevented by kicking the opponent in the shin , kneeling and holding on. Other English rugby clubs followed him and did not join the FA. Instead, they founded the Rugby Football Union (RFU) in 1871 .
A premier game, in which the new rules of the FA should be applied, was scheduled for January 2, 1864 in Battersea Park (London). Enthusiastic members of the FA did not want to wait until the new year, so on December 19, 1863 a test match in Mortlake between EC Morley's team, the Barnes , and their neighbors FC Richmond , which were not themselves an FA member, was played ended scoreless. The Richmonders were obviously not convinced by the application of the new rules - they helped the RFU to form in 1871.
The game at Battersea Park has been postponed for a week. This was the first ever demonstrated football game to be played under FA rules on Saturday, January 9, 1864. The contending teams ' contestants , including many well-known football players of the time, were selected by the FA President Arthur Pember and the Secretary, EC Morley.
The FA organizes the following competitions:
- FA Challenge Cup (oldest cup competition)
- FA Trophy
- FA vase
- FA Women's Cup
- FA Youth Cup
- FA Sunday Cup
- FA County Youth Cup
- FA Community Shield
- FA National League System Cup
- FA Futsal Cup
Head of the Football Association
President of the Football Association
- Arthur Pember (1863-1867)
- Ebenezer Cobb Morley (1867–1874)
- Francis Marindin (1874-1890)
- Arthur Kinnaird, 11th Lord Kinnaird (1890-1923)
- John Charles Clegg (1923-1937)
- William Pickford (1937-1939)
- Alexander Cambridge, 1st Earl of Athlone (1939–1955)
- Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (1955–1957)
- Henry, 1st Duke of Gloucester (1957–1963)
- George Lascelles, 7th Earl of Harewood (1963–1971)
- Edward, 2nd Duke of Kent (1971-2000)
- Andrew, Duke of York (2000-2006)
- William, Duke of Cambridge (since 2006)
Chairman of the Football Association
- AG Hines (1938)
- Mark Frowde (1939-1941)
- Amos Brook Hirst (1941–1955)
- Arthur Drewry (1955-1961)
- Graham Doggart (1961-1963)
- Joe Mears (1963-1966)
- Andrew Stephen (1967-1976)
- Harold Warris Thompson (1976-1981)
- Bert Millichip (1981-1996)
- Keith Wiseman (1996-1999)
- Geoff Thompson (1999-2008)
- David Triesman (2008-2011)
- David Bernstein (2011-2013)
- Greg Dyke (2013-2016)
- Greg Clarke (since 2016)
Football Association Secretaries and Directors
- Ebenezer Cobb Morley (1863–1866)
- RW Willis (1866–1868)
- RG Graham (1868-1870)
- Charles William Alcock (1870–1895)
- Frederick Wall (1895-1934)
- Stanley Rous (1934-1962)
- Denis Follows (1962–1973)
- Ted Croker (1973-1989)
In 1989 the position of secretary was replaced by that of manager.
- Graham Kelly (1989-1998)
- Adam Crozier (2000-2002)
- Mark Palios (2003-2004)
- Brian Barwick (2005-2009)
- Ian Watmore (2009-2010)
UEFA five-year ranking
Placement in the UEFA five-year ranking ( previous year's ranking in brackets ). The abbreviations CL and EL after the country coefficients indicate the number of representatives in the 2019/20 season of the Champions League and the Europa League .
- ( 1 ) Spain ( league , cup ) - coefficient: 103,569 - CL: 4, EL: 3 1.
- ( 3 ) England ( league , cup , league cup ) - coefficient: 85,462 - CL: 4, EL: 3 2.
- ( 4 ) Italy ( league , cup ) - coefficient: 74,725 - CL: 4, EL: 3 3.
- ( 2 ) Germany ( league , cup ) - coefficient: 71,927 - CL: 4, EL: 3 4.
Status: end of the European Cup season 2018/19
- Bryon Butler: The official history of the Football Association. Queen Anne Press - Macdonald, London 1991, ISBN 0-356-19145-1 .
- Official website of the Football Association
- Eduard Hoffmann : First football association founded 155 years ago - the birth of modern football. In: Deutschlandfunk broadcast “Calendar Sheet”. October 26, 2018 .
- UEFA rankings for club competitions. In: UEFA. Retrieved July 14, 2019 .