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Urizky Square in front of the Winter Palace is cordoned off by the military
The Petersburg Bloody Sunday leads to the revolution of 1905 and the convening of the first Duma .
Alfred Graf von Schlieffen
Field Marshal von Schlieffen presents the Schlieffen Plan .
Bertha von Suttner, 1906
Bertha von Suttner
receives the Nobel Peace Prize .
1905 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1353/54 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1897/98 (turn of the year 10/11 September)
Baha'i calendar 61/62 (turn of the year 20/21 March)
Bengali solar calendar 1310/11 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2448/49 (southern Buddhism); 2447/48 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 76th (77th) cycle

Year of the Wood Snake乙巳 ( since February 4th , before that Wood Dragon甲辰)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1267/68 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4238/39 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1283/84 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 1322/23 (March 7/8)
Japanese calendar Meiji 38 ( 明治 38 年);
Koki 2565
Jewish calendar 5665/66 (September 29/30)
Coptic calendar 1621/22 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 1080/81
Rumi Calendar (Ottoman Empire) 1320/21 (March 1st)
Seleucid era Babylon: 2215/16 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2216/17 (turn of the year October)

Suriyakati Calendar (Thai Solar Calendar) 2447/48 (April 1)
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1961/62 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events


Wilhelm Kuhnert : Battle of Mahenge


The German Imperium

Overview map of the hit areas ( Die Woche , 3/1905)


Bohemian (Czech) and German electoral districts in the rural municipal electoral class according to the Moravian Land Law of November 27, 1905

Other events in Europe

Russia / Japan

  • January 2 : The Russian fortress of Port Arthur surrenders to Japanese troops after a 157-day siege . The loss of the port and thus one of the most important bases of operations of the Russians destroys the plans to unite the 1st and 2nd Pacific Squadrons and is considered to be decisive for Russia's defeat in the Russo-Japanese War .
Protesters on St. Petersburg Bloody Sunday
  • January 22nd : On St.Petersburg Bloody Sunday , soldiers solve a star march to the Tsar's palace of more than 30,000 people under the leadership of the Orthodox priest Father Georgi Gapon , who peacefully demonstrate for more humane operating conditions, agricultural reforms, abolition of censorship and religious tolerance as well as the creation of a representative body , brutally on. The number of fatalities varies between 130 and over 1000. The 1905 Russian Revolution begins.
Ivan Kalyayev shortly after the attack he carried out
Russian infantry in action with the Imperial Japanese Army during the Battle of Mukden

Other events in Asia

United States of America

Leader of the Niagara Movement 1906
Map showing the administrative structure of the projected state


Canada until 1905
Canada from 1905





science and technology


Biology / Medicine / Paleontology

Tyrannosaurus rex

Mathematics / physics





Professor Unrat : Cover of the first print

Visual arts

Program of the bridge
Main hall of the Stuttgart train station , oil on canvas

Music and theater

Head of the first Schaubühne page
Franz Lehár: The merry widow





The Chelsea FC team from 1905
Title page of the first program booklet

For entries of athletics world records, see under the respective discipline under athletics .


The Egyptian Bridge after it collapsed

Minor accidents are listed in the sub-articles of Catastrophe .

Nobel Prizes

price person country Reason for awarding the prize image
Nobel Price for physics Philipp Lenard
German EmpireThe German Imperium German Empire (born in Pressburg , then Austria-Hungary ) Austria-HungaryAustria-Hungary  "For his work on cathode rays " Philipp Lenard
Nobel Prize in Chemistry Adolf von Baeyer
German EmpireThe German Imperium German Empire "In recognition of the service he has earned in the development of organic chemistry and the chemical industry through his work on organic dyes and hydroaromatic compounds" Adolf von Baeyer
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine Robert Koch
German EmpireThe German Imperium German Empire "For his investigations and discoveries in the field of tuberculosis " Robert Koch
Nobel Prize in literature Henryk Sienkiewicz
"Poland" (at that time a historical landscape, no partial state or administrative unit of Russia ) Russian Empire 1883Russian Empire  "Because of his great services as an epic writer" Henryk Sienkienwicz
Nobel Peace Prize Bertha von Suttner
Austrian EmpireEmpire of Austria Austria (born in Prague , now the Czech Republic ) Czech RepublicCzech Republic  Your life's work, novel Put down your arms! , "Permanent International Peace Bureau", probably suggested Nobel to donate the Nobel Peace Prize Bertha von Suttner



Anna May Wong
Christian Dior


Emilio Segrè
Harold Arlen


Berthold Schenk Count v. Stauffenberg at the trial before the People's Court
Lale Andersen, ca.1951
Joan Crawford, still photo from 1925
Rudolf-Christoph Freiherr von Gersdorff


Ulrich Ilg


Red Nichols
Henry Fonda
Adolf Süsterhenn, 1949


Liesel Bach


Abraham Patusca da Silveira
Clara Bow


Franz King
Marian Rejewski


Greta Garbo
Max Schmeling
Nevill Francis Mott


Félix Houphouët-Boigny
Felix Bloch, 1961
Gertrude Ederle


Joseph H. Ball
Princess Astrid of Sweden


Osvaldo Pugliese
Howard Hughes

Exact date of birth unknown


First quarter

Anton Braith
Adolph Menzel, 1900
Jules Verne, around 1890

Second quarter

Portrait Constantin Meunier by Max Liebermann

Third quarter

Élisée Reclus

Fourth Quarter

Ferdinand von Richthofen
Robert Whitehead

Individual evidence

  1. Six children killed by lightning. In:  Neue Freie Presse , July 26, 1905, p. 7 (online at ANNO ).Template: ANNO / Maintenance / nfp

Web links

Commons : 1905  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files