Friedrich Junge (pedagogue)
Junge attended the teachers' college in Bad Segeberg from 1851 to 1854 and was a teacher in Lütjenburg from 1854 to 1857 and 1864 to 1873 . Here Junge explored the Hohenfeld mill pond and described it in his book. From 1857–1864 he worked as a village school teacher in Blankenese and Plön and from 1873–1899 as a main teacher and (from 1878) headmaster of the first girls' community school in Kiel until retirement in 1899. Here Karl August Möbius influenced the work of Friedrich Junge. Its importance lies in the ideas for the reform of science teaching, which today are summarized in their entirety under the term reform pedagogy .
The pedagogue wanted to replace the mere memorization of facts by recognizing connections, especially in elementary school lessons, and placed great emphasis on practical perception. This combination of innovative pedagogy, biological interest and a holistic approach to nature culminated in his main work The village pond as a living community, along with a treatise on the aim and method of teaching natural history . It first appeared in 1885 and was reprinted in several editions. In the book, Junge describes how simple examples from the village environment can convey an understanding of biological relationships. Even today, the book is considered a classic in natural science education and shows Junge as a forerunner of modern ecosystem research .
Young grave is in the park cemetery Eichhof in Kronshagen near Kiel.
- History repetitions for the upper classes of higher educational institutions . Vahlen, Berlin 1885 (digitized version)
- Natural history in elementary school Part I. The village pond as a living community together with a treatise on the aim and method of teaching natural history . Lipsius & Tischer, Kiel 1885 (1st edition / 5 thousand)
- Guide to teaching history in the upper grades of secondary daughter schools . Vahlen, Berlin 1889 (digitized version)
- Natural history. The village pond as a living community together with a treatise on the goal and method of teaching natural history . Second improved and enlarged edition. Lipsius & Tischer, Kiel and Leipzig 1891.
- Sources and resources on German history . Vahlen, Berlin 1893 (digitized version)
- The village pond as a living community together with a treatise on the goal and method of teaching natural history. Edited by Adolf Junge and Otto Junge. Third improved, increased and illustrated edition / 11th - 16th thousand Lipsius & Tischer, Kiel and Leipzig 1907.
- The village pond as a community . Unchanged reprint of the third edition from 1907 with foreword / introduction by W. Janßen, W. Riedel and G. Trommer. Lühr & Dircks, St. Peter-Ording 1985.
- Natural history part II. The cultural beings of the German homeland together with their friends and enemies. A community around people. Lipsius & Tischer, Kiel and Leipzig 1891.
- Gaston Mayer: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 10, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1974, ISBN 3-428-00191-5 , p. 680 ( ). In:
- Andreas W. Daum : Science popularization in the 19th century. Civil culture, scientific education and the German public 1848–1914 . 2nd, supplementary edition, Oldenbourg, Munich 2002, ISBN 978-3-486-56551-5 .
- Andreas W. Daum: Science popularization in the 19th century. Civil culture, scientific education and the German public 1848–1914 . Oldenbourg, Munich 2002, p. 62, 407 f., 432, 495 .
- Friedrich-Junge Community School in Kiel
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German reform pedagogue and biologist|
|DATE OF BIRTH||December 8, 1832|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Poelitz|
|DATE OF DEATH||May 28, 1905|
|Place of death||Kiel|