Heinrich Lanz

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Heinrich Lanz
Heinrich Lanz's threshing machine in a photo from 1909

Heinrich Lanz (born March 9, 1838 in Friedrichshafen on Lake Constance , † February 1, 1905 in Mannheim ) was a manufacturer of agricultural machinery , locomobiles and stationary steam engines , which were exported all over the world under the brand name LANZ .


Heinrich Lanz was born as the fourth of six sons and a daughter of the forwarding company Johann Peter Lanz (September 4, 1805 to September 15, 1891) from Eriskirch on Lake Constance, married to Luise Christiane Beckh (1813 to 1902). After attending elementary school in Friedrichshafen and secondary school in Biberach an der Riss , in 1858, after an apprenticeship in a Mannheim grocery store and attending the commercial school in Stuttgart, he went to Marseille for a year to “get to know the world” and to go to work in my father's company that imported guano fertilizer and agricultural machinery from England . After his return in 1860 he set up a repair shop for such machines and took over responsibility for importing them into the family business. He quickly recognized the still relatively untapped market in Germany and in 1867, together with one of his brothers, brought their own forage cutting machines onto the market, other devices soon followed. Three years later he took over sole management of the factory. In 1865 he married Julia Faul .

In 1902, the now 64-year-old Lanz traveled to America to find out about new techniques in agricultural machinery at John Deere . However, he was only able to partially implement the ideas that emerged from this visit. Heinrich Lanz died in 1905 at the age of 66. His final resting place is in the main cemetery in Mannheim (grave 10).

Lanz's widow Julia and the four children (see Karl Lanz ) continued to run the company successfully. In 1956 the majority of shares in Heinrich Lanz AG were sold to the American company Deere & Company .

As requested during their lifetime, the former Ladenburg villas, which were inhabited by the Lanz family, were used for charitable purposes. In 1928 the St. Hedwig Clinic for Gynecological Diseases with a maternity ward was founded in the living quarters, which is now part of the Theresienkrankenhaus in Mannheim.

On his death, Heinrich Lanz also bequeathed four million gold marks for the poor and sick in the city, with whose help Julia Lanz had the Heinrich Lanz Hospital, which opened in 1907, built; It existed until 2007 and went up in the Deaconess Hospital Mannheim . Finally, another foundation made the establishment of the Heidelberg Academy of Sciences possible .


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Klaus Nerger: The grave of Heinrich Lanz. In: knerger.de. Retrieved March 29, 2020 .