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Volkswagen logo 2019.svg

owner Volkswagen AG
Introductory year 1937
Products especially automobiles and services
Markets worldwide
Development of the Volkswagen logo

Volkswagen (abbreviation VW ) is the core brand of Volkswagen AG . The origin of the brand name was in 1937 the project called for by Adolf Hitler to build a “people's car”, which for the first time would make an affordable car possible for a broad population and thus initiate mass motorization in Germany. Until then, automobiles were mainly found in the upper class due to their high price. In the post-war period in 1949, the brand name was establishing Volkswagen GmbH Volkswagen consolidated.

In 2020 around 50 models were manufactured under the Volkswagen brand worldwide.


The history of the Volkswagen brand largely coincides with the history of Volkswagen AG, which was founded in 1937 .


(As of July 1, 2020)

The Volkswagen brand management board is composed as follows:

Business area Member since previous work
Ralf Brandstätter Chairman 1 December 9, 2015 Brand Board Member for the Procurement Division, Volkswagen Passenger Cars
Alexander Seitz Controlling and accounting March 1, 2020 Chief Financial Officer, China and Legal Affairs, Audi AG
Frank Welsch Technical development December 9, 2015 Board Member for Technical Development, Škoda Auto as
Murat Aksel procurement April 1, 2020 Senior Vice President Purchasing and Supplier Network America, BMW AG
Jürgen Stackmann Sales, Marketing and After Sales November 1, 2015 CEO, SEAT SA
Thomas Schmall Components January 1, 2015 Chairman of the Board of Management, Volkswagen do Brasil
Wilfried von Rath Personnel and organization March 1, 2020 Head of Human Resources division, MAN Energy Solutions SE
Andreas Tostmann production and logistics 1st February 2018 Head of Production, SEAT SA
Thomas Ulbrich E-mobility 2 April 1, 2014 Brand Board Member for Production and Logistics, Volkswagen Passenger Cars
Christian Senger Digital Car & Services 1st March 2019 Head of the e-Mobility Series, Volkswagen Passenger Cars
1 since July 1, 2020
2 since February 1, 2018



Approvals in Germany
year Number of
Percent of
total registrations
2019 667,518 22.43%
2018 643,518 18.73%
2017 634.270 18.43%
2016 656.019 19.57%
2015 685.594 21.38%
2014 656.494 21.60%
2013 642.190 21.75%
2012 672.921 21.54%
2011 686.772 21.60%
2010 613,808 21.05%
2009 805.262 21.20%
2008 615.229 19.90%
2007 608.820 19.30%
2006 689.116 19.10%
2005 621.978 18.60%
2004 602.725 18.45%
2003 600.364 18.55%
2002 604,347 18.61%
2001 633.075 18.90%
2000 643.615 18.99%
1999 741.477 19.51%


Approvals in Austria
year Number of
Percent of
total registrations
2018 56,932 16.7%
2017 58,709 16.6%
2016 56,529 17.2%
2015 53,396 17.3%
2014 54,775 18.1%
2013 57,758 18.1%
2012 61,627 18.3%
2011 65,150 18.3%
2010 55.041 16.75%
2009 51.506 16.06%
2008 49,379 16.81%
2007 50,736 17.01%
2006 53,385 17.30%
2005 53,285 17.31%
2004 53,670 17.24%
2003 51.206 17.06%


Approvals in Switzerland
year Number of
Percent of
total registrations
2018 32,949 11.0%
2017 35,975 11.5%

Note: The approval figures for Switzerland include the approvals in Liechtenstein .


Models in Europe

Timeline of the Volkswagen models since 1945
Type 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s 2020s
5 6th 7th 8th 9 0 1 2 3 4th 5 6th 7th 8th 9 0 1 2 3 4th 5 6th 7th 8th 9 0 1 2 3 4th 5 6th 7th 8th 9 0 1 2 3 4th 5 6th 7th 8th 9 0 1 2 3 4th 5 6th 7th 8th 9 0 1 2 3 4th 5 6th 7th 8th 9 0 1 2 3 4th 5 6th 7th 8th 9 0
Microcar Lupo Fox up!
Small car Polo I. Polo II Polo III Polo IV Polo V Polo VI
Derby I. Derby II
Lower middle class ... Type 1 "pretzel beetle" Type 1 "Ovali" Type 1 "rectangular beetle" 1200/1300/1500 "Beetle" 1302 "Beetle" 1303 "Beetle" 1200 "beetles" New Beetle Beetle
Compact class Golf I. Golf II Golf III Golf IV Golf V Golf VI Golf VII Golf VIII
Golf Variant III Golf / Bora Variant IV Golf Variant V / VI Golf Variant VII
Jetta I Jetta II Vento Bora Jetta V Jetta VI
Middle class 1500/1600 (type 3) Passat B1 Passat B2 Passat B3 Passat B4 Passat B5 Passat B6 Passat B7 Passat B8
411/412 (type 4) Santana
(Upper middle class K 70 Passat CC / CC Arteon
Upper class Phaeton
Coupé / convertible Karmann Ghia type 14 Scirocco I. Scirocco II Scirocco III
Karmann Ghia Type 34 VW Porsche (914/4) Corrado Eos
Compact van Golf Plus Golf Sportsvan
Touran I Touran II
Van / minibus Sharan I. Sharan II
Type 2 "Bulli" (T1) Bus / Transporter (T2) Bus / Transporter (T3) Caravelle / Multivan (T4) Caravelle / Multivan (T5 / T6)
High roof combination Type 147 "Fridolin" Caddy I. Caddy II (9KV) Caddy III
Pick up Caddy II (9U)
taro Amarok
Off-road vehicle / SUV T-Cross
Type 181
"courier car"
Type 183
Golf Country T-Roc
Tiguan I Tiguan II
Touareg I. Touareg II Touareg III
  • Cars developed by Audi , which were also marketed as Audi 50 and Audi 80 .
  • Developed by NSU , but only marketed as VW
  • developed together with Porsche ; as sports cars (VW Porsche, Porsche 914 ) or platform for SUV (Touareg, Cayenne )
  • Toyota built under license
  • Platform developed together with Ford
  • construction time model series annotation image


    1998-2005 Lupo The Lupo is the first small car from Volkswagen. It is largely identical to the Seat Arosa . It was also available in the economical 3L TDI variant. VW Lupo 20090329 front.jpg
    2005-2011 Fox The Fox replaced the Lupo from spring 2005. Is made in Brazil and is intended as a savings model to attract young customers in particular; the starting price was 9650  euros . In Brazil it is still being offered - in a revised form since 2009 - and is also available there as CrossFox and spacious SpaceFox . VW Fox Fresh - front view, June 12, 2011, Düsseldorf.jpg
    since 2011 up! The up! is the successor of the Fox and a model of the New Small Family . The Škoda Citigo and Seat Mii are largely identical models . VW white up!  1.0 - Front view, April 14, 2012, Velbert.jpg

    Small car

    1975-1981 Polo I
    (type 86)
    In spring 1975 Volkswagen presented its first small car. It was identical to the Audi 50 introduced in autumn 1974 . A facelift followed in early 1979. VW Polo I front 20090810.jpg
    1977-1981 Derby I. The Derby was the notchback version of the Polo I, also here with two side doors. VWDerbyDenmark.jpg
    1981-1994 Polo II
    (type 86C)
    In addition to the hatchback, the second Polo was also available as a hatchback coupé from the summer of 1982. A comprehensive facelift took place in autumn 1990. VW Polo II front 20080820.jpg
    1981-1985 Derby II The Polo II was again a notchback sedan. At the beginning of 1985 the derby was renamed “Polo Classic”. Volkswagen Derby 1982 London England.jpg
    since 1980 Gol The Gol (from the Brazilian word for a goal in football) is the volume model from VW do Brasil. From 1980 it was available as a three-door hatchback sedan with a Beetle engine installed lengthways at the front. With notchback it was offered under the name Voyage, in North America also as VW Fox. It is available as a station wagon under the name Parati; the pick-up version was called Saveiro. The third generation of the model series is now available with a transversely installed, water-cooled in-line engine. VW Gol 2009 front.jpg
    1994-1999 Polo III
    (type 6N / 6NF)
    The Polo III was the first small car from VW that was also available as a five-door. In addition, a notchback version was available from autumn 1995 and a station wagon from spring 1997, both of which were almost identical to the Seat Cordoba . VW Polo 6N (Left Front) .jpg
    1999-2001 Polo III
    (type 6N2)
    With the facelift in autumn 1999, VW changed the internal type designation to Polo 6N2, otherwise almost only the body shape. VW Polo III front 20091204.jpg
    2001-2005 Polo IV
    (type 9N)
    The fourth Polo followed in autumn 2001. After a longer break, there was also a notchback sedan again from autumn 2003, while the station wagon variant was no longer available. VW Polo IV 9N 3-door.jpg
    2004-2005 Polo Fun
    (type 9N)
    From spring 2004 the Polo IV was also available with an SUV- like appearance and the additional designation "Fun". VW Polo Fun Heck.JPG
    2005-2009 Polo IV
    (type 9N3)
    In the spring of 2005, the Polo IV was facelifted. It received a V-shaped radiator grille and new headlights and taillights. VW Polo 1.2 Tour (IV, Facelift) - front view, September 4, 2011, Heiligenhaus.jpg
    2006-2008 CrossPolo
    (type 9N3)
    The “Fun” Polo was revised at the beginning of 2006 and received the same changes as the Polo. In addition, the name changed to CrossPolo. VW CrossPolo rear 20080828.jpg
    2009-2017 Polo V
    (type 6R)
    The Polo V was on sale from mid-2009 to mid-2017. In spring 2014, the Polo received a slight facelift. VW Polo 1.2 Trendline Flash-Rot.JPG
    2010-2017 CrossPolo
    (type 6R)
    The second edition of the CrossPolo followed in spring 2010. It was also revised in spring 2014. VW CrossPolo 1.2 TSI Magma Orange Rear.JPG
    since 2017 Polo VI The Polo VI presented in 2017 has grown significantly in size. It has exceeded the 4-meter mark in length for the first time. VW Polo GTI IMG 0660.jpg

    Compact class

    Golf I
    (type 17)
    Despite the different concept, the Golf is the official successor to the Beetle. The compact class is also known as the golf class after him . A major revision took place in the summer of 1980. Until 2009, it was still manufactured in South Africa as the Citi Golf . VW Golf I, manufactured in 1974 (photo 07.1975) .jpg
    1979-1984 Jetta I The first Jetta hit the market in August 1979. The notchback version of the Golf I was available with two and four doors. Vw jetta 1 v sst.jpg
    Golf II
    (type 19E)
    The second Golf was launched in the summer of 1983. The second edition also had a hatchback. Compared to this, the car was 17 cm longer, while the wheelbase increased by 7.5 cm. A facelift took place in the summer of 1987 (including the elimination of the triangular windows). After a total of 10 million copies of the Golf had already been sold in 1988, this was celebrated with a special model of the same name. In 1990 a version with higher ground clearance and all-wheel drive followed, called Golf Country. VW Golf II 1.6 Pasadena 1991, front right.JPG
    1984-1992 Jetta II There was also a two- or four-door notchback variant of the Golf II. Like this, the Jetta II received a revision in the summer of 1987. VW Jetta rear 20071212.jpg
    Golf III The Golf III was introduced in the fall of 1991. For the first time, the Golf was also given a station wagon version in spring 1993. In the summer of the same year, a new convertible appeared again. A revision took place in autumn 1995. The last Golf sedan rolled off the assembly line at the end of 1997, while the Variant was manufactured until spring 1999. VW Golf III front 20081027.jpg
    1992-1998 Vento The notchback version of the Golf III was given a new name in this country, although it was still sold abroad under the name Jetta. It is also the best-selling European sedan in the USA. In autumn 1995 the Vento was also given a facelift. VW Vento rear 20071212.jpg
    Golf IV Fourth generation of the successful model. The Golf IV Variant, released in April 1999, is almost the same as the Bora Variant. The convertible, which was still based on the Golf III, was externally adapted to the Golf IV and continued to be built until the end of 2001. The Variant rolled off the production line until mid-2006. VW Golf GTI (IV) - front view, June 13, 2011, Wuppertal.jpg
    1997-2010 New Beetle VW used the technology of the Golf IV for the New Beetle with a retro design. In spring 2003, a convertible was added. A slight facelift followed in the summer of 2005. Volkswagen New Beetle Germany.jpg
    1998-2005 Bora With the Bora, the notchback version of the Golf IV got a new name again, abroad it remained the same. The Jetta IV was just as successful in the USA as its predecessor. The Bora Variant, built from spring 1999 to the end of 2004, is almost identical to the Golf IV Variant. VW Bora rear 20071012.jpg
    2003-2009 Golf V Fifth edition of the compact car introduced in autumn 2003. The Golf V Variant followed in mid-2007 and was similar in construction to the Jetta V, which, however, is not produced in Mexico like this. While the hatchback was replaced in autumn 2008, the station wagon followed in early summer 2009. VW Golf V front 20081127.jpg
    2005-2010 Jetta V
    (type 1KZ)
    The notchback model of the Golf V now rolled off the assembly line in Mexico, and was now also sold again in Germany under the name Jetta. Accordingly, the technical basis was provided by the Golf V. The front design is again more similar to the Golf than its predecessor, the Bora. A Jetta V Variant was not available in Europe, but was offered under the name "Jetta Sportwagon" in the USA. Volkswagen Jetta V rear 20070806.jpg
    2008-2013 Golf VI The Golf VI emerged from an extensive facelift of its predecessor, the Golf V. The platform and motors remained the same. It was replaced by the completely new Golf VII in autumn 2012, while that of the Variant was carried out in summer 2013. VW Golf VI 1.4 Comfortline Deep Black.JPG
    2010-2018 Jetta VI New edition of the Jetta in the current VW design. The wheelbase grew compared to its predecessor. A facelift took place in autumn 2014. VW Jetta VI 1.2 TSI Comfortline Platinumgrey Heck.JPG
    2011-2019 VW Beetle After 14 years of construction of the New Beetle, the successor appeared in autumn 2011. The vehicle, known only as the “Beetle”, with its flatter roof should be more reminiscent of the original Beetle than its predecessor. 2012 Volkswagen Beetle - NHTSA 2.jpg
    since 2012 Golf VII The seventh edition replaced the Golf VI in autumn 2012 after just four years. First the hatchback appeared, while the Variant followed in summer 2013. As a special feature, the Golf VII is also offered with an electric motor and as a plug-in hybrid. VW Golf 2.0 TDI BlueMotion Technology Highline (VII) - front view, July 28, 2013, Münster.jpg
    since 2019 ID.3 The first electric car from VW based on an electric vehicle platform. Visually, it is based on the VW ID study shown in 2017 . Volkswagen ID.3 at IAA 2019 IMG 0779.jpg
    since 2019 Golf VIII The eighth generation of the Golf was presented as a hatchback at the end of October 2019. Volkswagen Golf VIII IMG 2609.jpg

    Lower middle class

    1945-1946 Type 51 Beetle body with chassis of the Wehrmacht Kübelwagen and body of the KdF car (see below). Also known as the so-called commander's car. Wehrmachts kaefer sinsheim.jpg
    1946-2003 Beetle The first Volkswagen. Sales in Europe ceased in 1985. Produced worldwide, most recently by VW de Mexico until 2003. A total of 21,529,464 cars were produced. Vw kaefer ovali v sst.jpg

    Middle class

    1961-1973 VW 1500/1600
    (type 3)
    First attempt to expand the program up into the middle class. Also air-cooled boxer engine in the rear. Three body styles: notchback, hatchback (TL) and station wagon (Variant). Several facelifts. VW Type 3 front 20080227.jpg
    1968-1974 VW 411/412
    (type 4)
    Nickname "Coati". Not very successful, the classic VW concept with air-cooled boxer engine in the rear continues. Two body styles: hatchback and station wagon (Variant). Volkswagen 411 Front view Essex.jpg
    1970-1975 K 70 As the first Volkswagen with a front engine and water cooling, the K 70, introduced in the summer of 1970, marked a technical change for the brand. The four-door car developed by NSU had a bad reputation because of its high consumption of over 13 l / 100 km. Its production therefore ended at the beginning of 1975. Volkswagen K70 Offenbach.JPG
    1973-1980 Passat B1 The first Passat came on the market in mid-1973 and was initially available as a hatchback sedan with a small tailgate. At the beginning of 1974 the station wagon version "Variant" appeared and at the beginning of 1975 the sedans with a large tailgate followed. The engines, drive and body up to the C-pillar were identical to those of the Audi 80 . In the summer of 1977, the headlights and rear lights as well as the dashboard and bumpers were changed as part of a facelift. Vw passat b1 v sst.jpg
    1980-1988 Passat B2 The second generation of the Passat came up in the autumn of 1980 with larger dimensions, which made the station wagon, which was subsequently submitted in spring 1981, more spacious. This was also offered with all-wheel drive ("Syncro") from autumn 1984. There was also an economical version called "Formula E" in conjunction with the 75 hp 1.6-liter gasoline engine. The B2 was the last Passat that was also available as a two-door model, although this variant was no longer available due to a lack of demand for the revision that took place in early 1985. The front and rear (especially that of the sedan) were modified. VW Passat B2 front 20080312.jpg
    1981-1984 Santana The notchback version of the Passat B2 introduced in autumn 1981 had little success in Europe, but enjoyed great demand in China. The name was given up again in early 1985 and the model was sold as a Passat notchback. Volkswagen Santana GX-5 (1) .jpg
    1988-1993 Passat B3 The B3 was a completely new model, with a transverse engine similar to the Golf. This generation was only available as a notchback sedan and station wagon, as a hatchback sedan has not been offered since then. The cooling air intake was reduced in size and relocated under the bumper in favor of better airflow, which was not only met with approval and earned the vehicle the derisive name "coati". VW Passat B3 front 20071205.jpg
    1993-1996 Passat B4 The Passat B4 was a comprehensive facelift from the Passat B3, which was now again equipped with a radiator grille. The B4 was again with all-wheel drive as syncro sold. VW Passat B4 Variant front 20080212.jpg
    1996-2005 Passat B5 In autumn 1996 a new Passat came on the market, which was again equipped with longitudinally installed engines. The Variant followed in the spring of 1997. A major facelift was carried out in the fall of 2000. This variant was also produced in small numbers as the Passat W8 with an eight-cylinder engine. VW Passat B5 front 20080816.jpg
    2005-2010 Passat B6 With the Passat B6 there was another switch to transversely installed engines. The lighting graphics were adapted to the Golf V, Golf Plus and Polo IV models. The engine range ranged from the 77 kW 1.6 TDI to the 220 kW R36. VW Passat Variant 2.0 FSI 4Motion Individual.JPG
    2008-2016 Passat CC With this variant, Volkswagen wanted to understand what Mercedes-Benz had done with the CLK and CLS : the higher positioning of a product whose technical content can be assigned to a lower price class. At the beginning of 2012 the optics were adapted to the Passat B7. VW Passat CC front 20090608.jpg
    2010-2014 Passat B7 In November 2010 the Passat B7 came to dealers as a sedan and station wagon. The B7 received changes in the style of the Golf VI, although the engine range of the predecessor was retained. VW Passat B7 2.0 TDI DSG Highline cashmere brown.JPG
    since 2014 Passat B8 Volkswagen has been delivering the Passat B8 to customers since autumn 2014. This Passat is based for the first time on the modular transverse matrix, which means that the interior space can be enlarged while the external length remains roughly the same. With the GTE, there is now also a plug-in hybrid version. VW Passat Variant Comfortline (B8) - front view, April 3, 2015, Düsseldorf.jpg
    since 2017 Arteon After production of the VW CC and VW Phaeton was discontinued in 2016, the Arteon was presented as the new top model at the Geneva Motor Show on March 6, 2017. 2017-03-07 Geneva Motor Show 0829.JPG

    Upper class

    2001-2016 Phaeton With the Phaeton introduced in spring 2002, Volkswagen's initially unsuccessful advance into the luxury class began. It should first be a best seller in the USA, but that failed there. In China, however, he was successful. With the introduction of the 3.0 V6 TDI in autumn 2004, sales figures rose significantly. In spring 2007 and spring 2010, major model maintenance measures were carried out, affecting both the appearance and the technology. Production ended in March 2016 after 14 years. VW Phaeton 3.0 V6 front.JPG

    Coupé and convertible

    1949-1979 Beetle convertible From spring 1949, convertible versions of the Beetle followed, including those built by Hebmüller (two-seater, until 1952) and Karmann (four-seater). In the course of its 30-year construction period, the Karmann convertible, like the closed Beetle, went through several model updates. VW Beetle Cabriolet front 20100429.jpg
    1955-1974 Karmann Ghia type 14 In the summer of 1955, the Karmann Ghia, a sports coupé, appeared on the platform of the Beetle. The model, which was also built as a convertible, was also very successful in the USA, as 61 percent of the cars were sold there. Like the Beetle, the Karmann Ghia was continuously modified during its term. Volkswagen Karmann Ghia convertible 1.jpg
    1962-1969 Karmann Ghia 1500
    (Type 34)
    Based on the WV Type 3, Karmann built the Type 34 ("Large Karmann Ghia"). This vehicle was only offered as a coupe. However, the Type 34 was not an economic success: after only 42,505 vehicles, the model was discontinued without a successor. 1966 Type 34 Karmann Ghia.jpg
    1969-1975 Porsche 914 A sports car that emerged from a collaboration with Porsche . The 914 was the first mid-engine sports car to be mass-produced. The model, powered by an air-cooled boxer engine, was produced from autumn 1969 to spring 1976 in almost 120,000 copies, most of them as the VW-Porsche 914. VW-Porsche-914.jpg
    1974-1981 Scirocco I. The first Scirocco hit dealerships in spring 1974 and replaced the Karmann Ghia. The Scirocco came onto the market before its base, the Golf I. Together with the Golf, Passat and Polo, the coupé led the VW brand out of the threatening sales crisis as part of the model offensive with water-cooled front-wheel drive models. VW Scirocco 1973.jpg
    1979-1993 Golf I convertible In the spring of 1979, the first Golf-based convertible was presented. Because of the roll bar, which in the eyes of some beholder looked like a handle, it was later nicknamed "Strawberry Basket". Despite the model change to the Golf II, it was still offered with its technology until the summer of 1993. VW Golf Cabriolet rear 20080801.jpg
    1981-1992 Scirocco II The second Scirocco series was presented in spring 1981. VW continued to use the platform and the engines of the Golf I. From autumn 1982 various special models followed in order to increase the initially moderate sales figures. From the summer of 1985, 16-valve engines were also offered. A slight revision took place in the summer of 1988. Although the Corrado, which was intended to be the successor, appeared shortly afterwards, the Scirocco II was able to remain in the Volkswagen model range until autumn 1992 thanks to continued demand. VW Scirocco front 20080703.jpg
    1988-1995 Corrado The model was originally intended to replace the Scirocco, which, in addition to the Corrado, rolled off the production line for four more years. After it was discontinued in the summer of 1995, the Corrado was Volkswagen's last coupé for a long time. Vwcorrado.jpg
    1993-2002 Golf III convertible In the late summer of 1993, a new open Golf based on the Golf III was presented. The vehicle was one of the few convertibles that was also offered with a diesel engine. In the spring of 1998 it received a facelift, which made it look more similar to the Golf IV and also got its engines. Vw ebay 045.jpg
    2003-2010 New Beetle convertible The New Beetle's convertible followed the coupé in spring 2003. Like this one, it was given a facelift in summer 2005. VW New Beetle Cabrio 1.6 Freestyle Shadowblue Heck.JPG
    2006-2015 Eos The Eos is the first convertible from Volkswagen with a steel folding roof. VW positioned it as an independent coupé-convertible that shared the technical components with the Golf V and Passat B6 models. A facelift took place at the end of 2010. In spring 2015, production of the Eos was discontinued, as there will be no immediate successor in the course of cost-cutting measures by the group. VW Eos front 20080515.jpg
    2008-2017 Scirocco III The third edition of the Scirocco, introduced in summer 2008, arose from the Iroc study , which was presented as a concept vehicle in 2006. Technically, the Scirocco III is largely based on the Golf VI and the VW platform introduced with the VW Golf V in PQ35 design with transverse engine. The range extends from the 90 kW 1.4 TSI to the 190 kW R. In spring 2014, a visual and technical revision took place. VW Scirocco III 2.0 TSI Sport Viper Green.JPG
    2011-2016 Golf VI convertible After a break of almost ten years, a Golf Cabrio was added to the range again in mid-2011. The vehicle based on the Golf VI is manufactured in the Volkswagen factory in Osnabrück (formerly Karmann). VW Golf Cabriolet (VI) - rear view, September 10, 2011, Hilden.jpg
    2012-2019 Beetle convertible After the Beetle was presented as a coupé in autumn 2011, an open version was offered again towards the end of 2012. VW Beetle Cabriolet 2.0 TDI 70's Design (II) - rear view, February 9, 2014, Düsseldorf.jpg
    since 2019 T-Roc Cabriolet The first SUV convertible from VW, based on the VW T-Roc introduced in 2017. Volkswagen T-Roc Cabriolet at IAA 2019 IMG 0906.jpg

    High roof combination

    since 2004 Caddy Life
    (Type 2K5)
    The station wagon version of the VW Caddy delivery van is built by Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles in Poland. VW Caddy Facelift 1.6 TDI BlueMotion.JPG

    Compact van

    2003-2015 Touran I The first compact van based on the Golf V hit the stores in spring 2003. In autumn 2006 it was revised for the first time as part of a major product update, while a second model update followed in summer 2010. VW Touran Facelift II 1.4 TSI Comfortline Silverleaf.JPG
    since 2015 Touran II The new edition of the successful Touran predecessor has been available since 2015. VW Touran II-2.jpg
    2004-2014 Golf Plus
    (type 5M0)
    Another compact van on the Golf V platform was given a facelift at the end of 2008. VW Golf Plus 2.0 TDI Highline.JPG
    since 2014 Golf Sportsvan In mid-2014, the Sportsvan replaced the Golf Plus on the Golf VII platform. VW Golf Sportsvan 1.4 TSI BlueMotion Technology Highline - front view, August 16, 2014, Essen.jpg


    1995-2010 Sharan I. Large family van that was almost identical to the Ford Galaxy and Seat Alhambra . A first facelift followed in May 2000, and another was carried out at the end of 2004. VW Sharan Pacific (2004) front.JPG
    since 2010 Sharan II Second generation of the Sharan, available since September 2010. VW Sharan (1) .JPG

    Off-road vehicle

    1940-1945 Kübelwagen
    (type 82)
    Instead of the planned KdF Beetle, military vehicles were built at the Volkswagen factory near Fallersleben during the war. VW Kuebelwagen 1.jpg
    1942-1944 Floating bucket
    (type 166)
    Four-wheel drive amphibious vehicle . VW floating car 1.jpg
    1969-1979 Courier trolley
    (type 181)
    The courier car was developed as a military vehicle for the Bundeswehr , but was also sold to the civilian population as the VW 181. In the USA it was called colloquially "The Thing". Vw 181 v sst.jpg
    1978-1988 Polecat
    (type 183)
    Military vehicle for the Bundeswehr, built at the Audi plant in Ingolstadt and the VW plant in Brussels. VW Iltis 001.jpg
    1989-1997 taro The Taro was built under license from the Toyota Hilux . VW Taro 1987-1991 frontleft 2008-03-29 A.jpg
    since 2010 Amarok A pick-up that is being built at the VW Pacheco plant in Argentina and, since 2012, also in Hanover. VW Amarok IMG 0776.jpg

    Sports Utility Vehicle (SUV)

    1990-1991 Golf Country The Golf Country is based on the Golf CL syncro with a 98 hp engine. It was delivered to Graz in Austria , where it was converted into a Golf II Country by Steyr Daimler Puch . The special chrome model , of which only around 500 were built, is very rare and sought-after . VWGolfCountry.jpg
    2002-2010 VW Touareg I. A luxurious SUV that was developed together with Porsche and manufactured entirely in Bratislava . The Touareg shares the platform with the Porsche Cayenne and Audi Q7 . A facelift was carried out at the end of 2006. VW Touareg I V6 TDI Black Magic.JPG
    2010-2018 VW Touareg II In spring 2010 the second generation of the VW Touareg will appear, which will again share the technology with the Cayenne and the Q7. VW Touareg II V6 TDI.JPG
    2007-2016 VW Tiguan I. The compact Tiguan is only available as a five-door model with four-cylinder engines and has no special off-road aids such as locks or reduction gears. A facelift took place in mid-2011. VW Tiguan 20090809 front.JPG
    since 2016 VW Tiguan II The VW Tiguan II is a vehicle model from the German car manufacturer Volkswagen in the sport utility vehicle market segment that has been on sale since spring 2016. VW Tiguan 2.0 TDI 4MOTION R-Line (II) - front view, September 19, 2015, Frankfurt.jpg
    since 2017 VW T-Roc The VW T-Roc is a compact SUV and, like its sister model Audi Q2, is built on the MQB platform. It has been available to order since mid-September 2017, and the first vehicles were delivered in November 2017. Volkswagen T-Roc R IMG 0369.jpg
    since 2018 VW Touareg III The third generation of the Touareg was presented in March 2018. Volkswagen Touareg III IMG 1991.jpg
    since 2019 VW T-Cross The vehicle based on the Seat Arona was presented on October 25, 2018. The first deliveries were at the end of 2019. Volkswagen T-Cross IMG 1965.jpg
    from 2020 VW ID.4 Based on the ID. Crozz presented Volkswagen at the beginning of March 2020 with the exclusively battery-powered ID.4.

    Minibus / Minivan

    see also Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles
    since 1950 Transporter
    (Type 2, "Bulli")
    Panel van, flatbed, minibus, T1– T6 (several development stages) Vw bus t1 v sst.jpg
    1964-1973 Small delivery van
    (Type 147, "Fridolin")
    The VW type 147 small delivery van was originally developed for the Deutsche Bundespost as a collection and delivery vehicle and built at Westfalia-Werken, Wiedenbrück . Was nicknamed "Fridolin". Vw fridolin.jpg
    1975-1979 VW EA489
    (Mitra, Hormiga)
    The VW “Basic Transporter” is a small, front-wheel drive flatbed truck with an air-cooled Beetle engine, front-wheel drive and a rigid rear axle suspended from leaf springs. The curb weight was 1290 kg. VW Hormiga front left.jpg

    Internal model names

    The internal designation is also often found. This consists of <Brand> <Class> <Generation> <Derivat>, 2 letters and 3 numbers, as can be found in the following table, e.g. B. AU350 together.

    brand class generation derivative extension
    short long New old Market name (if needed)
    VW Volkswagen passenger car 0/1 A00 VW Lupo, Seat Arosa 1 0 Hatchback 0 short wheelbase
    AU Audi 2 A0 VW Polo, Audi A2, (Audi A1), Škoda Fabia, Seat Ibiza, Seat Cordoba 2 1 Notchback 1 wide wheelbase
    SE Seat 3 A. VW Golf, VW GolfPlus, VW Jetta / Bora, VW Touran, VW Caddy, Audi TT, Audi A3, Škoda Octavia, Seat Leon, Seat Toledo, Seat Altea (XL), VW Tiguan 3 2 Station wagon 2
    SK Škoda 4th B. VW Passat, (Eos), Audi A4, Audi A5, Audi Q5, Škoda Superb, Seat Exeo, Sharan, Macan 4th 3 Hatchback 3 Syncro
    BY Bentley 5 C. Audi A6, Audi A7, VW Touareg, Porsche Cayenne, Audi Q7 5 4th Coupé (fastback), sports car 4th High motorization
    BG Bugatti 6th D. VW Phaeton, Audi A8, Bentley Continental GT, Bentley Continental GT Cabrio, Bentley Flying Spur, Porsche 911, Porsche Panamera, Audi R8 6th 5 Roadster, Spyder, convertible 5 open superstructures
    LB Lamborghini 7th T (E-) VW Bus 7th 6th OffRoader, FunCar, SUV 6th closed superstructures
    VN Volkswagen commercial vehicles 8th LT (E +) Crafter 8th 7th CityVan, PickUp 7th Flat roof
    PO Porsche 9 L. 8th MPV 8th High roof
    9 other 9 other


    • AU350 = fifth generation Audi A3 with short rear end.
    • VW Tiguan = VW316
    • VW Eos = VW465
    • VW Sharan = VW 428

    In addition, the platform designation is made up of this schematic:

    P latform with Q uer built-in motor = z. B. PQ35 for the group platform of the Golf 5
    P latform with L ängs built-in motor

    Key numbers

    Volkswagen cars are managed by the Federal Motor Transport Authority under the manufacturer key number 0600 or 0603; the built at Porsche in Stuttgart Porsche 914 /6 (with Porsche boxer engine), however, bears the Porsche HSN 0,583th

    Concept vehicles

    Models outside of Europe

    In addition to the European product range, Volkswagen also manufactures vehicles in Central and South America, China and South Africa. Since the markets are emerging countries , these models are significantly cheaper and better suited for use on poor roads, but also not comparable with European models in terms of quality and equipment. These vehicles are mostly only sold in local markets and are often based on older Volkswagen models (e.g. Santana 3000 on Santana, Citi Golf on Golf I) or share the platform with European models, for example the Fox (in Mexico Lupo ) with the current polo. Volkswagen is now starting to actually manufacture European models in these countries too. B. the Touran for the Chinese market or the Jetta for the global market. Volkswagen is the only automobile manufacturer in South America with its own development department.

    Only models that are manufactured or sold exclusively in the countries mentioned are listed here. The product range mostly also includes models from Germany or Europe that are exported to the countries concerned. Only countries are described in which VW has its own manufacturing plants that produce large volumes. In a number of other countries, the group still has assembly plants in which kits imported for customs reasons are finally assembled for the local market. Variants of European models are also often available, which differ considerably in terms of body, engine and equipment from models available in Germany.

    Also, only current and local models are described in the list below. No mention is made of historical models imported into the respective markets from Europe or local historical models. The range of models sold in the respective countries is quite large and in Brazil exceeds e.g. B. the number of models offered in Germany. It is noticeable that the Passat is offered in almost all markets in the current European version, but the latest version of the Golf is only sold in Europe (see Golf IV in North and South America or Golf I in South America).

    When a gol is mentioned in this section , the gol f is not meant. The Gol is a Brazilian development that is offered in many emerging markets, is very popular and is therefore considered a world car .

    When a current Jetta is mentioned, it refers to the current German Jetta model. In certain markets, etc. a. China and Mexico, some other models are offered under Jetta and Bora .

    Timeline of the Volkswagen models that are only intended for the non-European market
    Type 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s 2020s
    0 1 2 3 4th 5 6th 7th 8th 9 0 1 2 3 4th 5 6th 7th 8th 9 0 1 2 3 4th 5 6th 7th 8th 9 0 1 2 3 4th 5 6th 7th 8th 9 0 1 2 3 4th 5 6th 7th 8th 9 0
    Small car Polo playa South AfricaSouth Africa Ameo IndiaIndia
    Gol I / Parati / Voyage / Gacel / Senda / Amazon / Fox
    Gol II / Parati / Saveiro / Pointer
    Gol III (NF) BrazilBrazilArgentinaArgentina
    Voyage BrazilBrazil
    Virtus BrazilBrazil
    Compact car Pointer [2] BrazilBrazil Lavida China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China Lavida China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China
    Gran Lavida China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China Gran Lavida China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China
    Santana / Jetta Night China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China
    Gran Santana China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China
    Apollo [1] BrazilBrazil Logus [2] BrazilBrazil New Bora China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China
    C-Trek China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China
    Bora / Lavida Plus / Jetta VII China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of ChinaMexicoMexico
    Sagitar China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China Sagitar China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China Sagitar China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China
    Middle class Brasilia / Igala BrazilBrazil Santana 2000/3000 / Vista China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China
    Passat Lingyu China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China Passat Xinlingyu China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China Passat (NMS)
    United StatesUnited StatesChina People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China
    Passat (NMS)
    United StatesUnited StatesChina People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China
    Magotan China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China Magotan China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China Magotan China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China
    Upper class Phideon China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China
    Coupe SP2 BrazilBrazil Lamando China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China
    Minivan SpaceFox / Suran ArgentinaArgentina
    Van Routan CanadaCanada Viloran China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China
    SUV Tacqua China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China
    Tharu China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China
    Tayron China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China
    Tayron X China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China
    Atlas / Teramont United StatesUnited StatesChina People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China
    Atlas Cross Sport / Teramont X United StatesUnited StatesChina People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China
    Vans EA489 / Mitra / Hormiga TurkeyTurkeyIndiaIndiaMexicoMexico
    without models from VW, which were built longer in some markets than in Europe - eg "VW Citi Golf" in South Africa or "VW Beetle" in Mexico.
  • Seat Ibiza marketed as VW
  • based on Ford models: [1] Ford Orion , [2] Ford Escort
  • together with Chrysler Voyager
  • South AfricaSouth Africafrom Volkswagen of South Africa in Mexico and others / from
    Volkswagen do Brasil , Volkswagen Argentina or Autolatina from Shanghai Volkswagen or FAW-Volkswagen from Volkswagen Group of America Chattanooga Operations from Chrysler in Canada as Volkswagen for the North American market from Volkswagen India

    China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China
    United StatesUnited States

    United StatesUnited States CanadaCanada USA and Canada

    VW Passat New Midsize Sedan
    VW Atlas

    ArgentinaArgentina VW Argentina

    VW Gol
    Study of the VW Amarok (Robust Pickup)

    BrazilBrazil VW Brazil

    VW Constellation
    • VW Fox
      • Fox City three-door
      • Fox Plus five-door
      • SpaceFox mini van
      • CrossFox crossover version
    • VW Novo Gol new generation of the Gol; Notchback version: Novo Voyage; Pick-up version: Saveiro
    • VW Gol G4 old Gol generation; Combination version: Parati
    • VW Golf based on Golf IV
    • VW Polo Sedan
    • VW Kombi modernized version of the T2b

    Volkswagen Caminhões Ltda, which has been part of MAN since 2009, also produces trucks and chassis for buses of all sizes in Brazil under the Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus brand . These models are only sold in South and Central America, Africa and the Middle East, but a model was also exported to Europe in the 1990s with the VW L80 . The know-how for heavy trucks in Europe is represented in the Volkswagen group by MAN and Scania .

    MexicoMexico Volkswagen de México

    VW Jetta VII
    • VW Pointer
    • VW Gol and VW Gol Sedan new generation
    • Old Gol-based models:
      • VW Jetta
      • VW pick-up
    • VW Lupo
      • VW Lupo three and five-door models
      • VW CrossFox CrossOver version
      • VW SportVan Mini-Van
    • VW Routan
    • VW Van

    South AfricaSouth Africa VW South Africa

    Commercial vehicles:

    China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China VW China

    Volkswagen set up three joint ventures in China in order to be able to produce on the local market. FAW-Volkswagen , FAW-Audi and Shanghai Volkswagen are to be viewed as independent brands that are entering the market with their own range of models. Volkswagen also appears as a brand and sells large parts of the European models, such as the Touareg and New Beetle.

    Shanghai Volkswagen

    IndiaIndia Škoda Auto India

    Production sites for the models offered in Germany

    VW headquarters in Wolfsburg


    Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles:


    Web links

    Commons : Volkswagen  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

    Individual evidence

    1. New registrations and transfers of ownership of passenger cars and motorcycles by brand or manufacturer in 2018. (PDF; 480 kB) Federal Motor Transport Authority , accessed on June 2, 2019 .
    2. Motor vehicles - new registrations., accessed on June 2, 2019 .
    3. ^ Registrations of new passenger cars by brand. auto-schweiz, accessed on June 2, 2019 .
    4. VW Phaeton record sales: China ensures Phaeton boom on , accessed on July 27, 2012.
    5. Golf Cabrio from Karmann - In: Retrieved September 26, 2015 .
    6. HSN list at
    7. US Passat is presented in Detroit. Retrieved July 26, 2012 .
    8. ↑ End of production for the first generation of the VW Golf. In: magazine from Retrieved September 26, 2015 .
    9. a b China-Volkswagen: New Bora and Lavida celebrate world premiere in Beijing. In: China-Volkswagen: New Bora and Lavida celebrate their world premiere in Beijing. Retrieved September 26, 2015 .
    10. Volkswagen Group South Africa, Ltd. Uitenhage. Retrieved May 22, 2020 .