|Ducati Motor Holding SpA
|legal form||Società per azioni|
|Seat||Bologna , Italy|
|management||Claudio Domenicali, CEO|
|Number of employees||1,655 (2020)|
|sales||EUR 716 million (2019)|
The Ducati Motor Holding SpA is an Italian motorcycle manufacturer based in Bologna and corporate subsidiary of Automobili Lamborghini SpA
On January 1, 2016, 74,741 Ducati motorcycles were registered in Germany, which corresponds to a share of 1.8 percent.
The company was founded in 1926 by Antonio Ducati in Bologna . The Società Scientifica Radiobrevetti Ducati initially produced components for radios . Ducati had three sons, Bruno, Adriano and Marcello, who helped their father in the company.
After the end of the Second World War , the production of the Cucciolo auxiliary bicycle motor was added in 1946 . This took place under state administration without the participation of the Ducati family. In the same decade, the company began developing complete vehicles.
In 1953 the company was split into Ducati Elettronica SpA and the motorcycle manufacturer Ducati Meccanica SpA . In the following year, Fabio Taglioni joined the company as chief designer.
From 1983, due to the persistently poor business development, Ducati began cooperating with the Italian two-wheeler manufacturer Cagiva , which took over Ducati entirely in 1985. The following year, long-time chief designer Fabio Taglioni retired. Massimo Bordi rose to his successor and introduced pioneering designs for the brand with the Paso and the 851.
Cagiva was insolvent itself in 1996 and sold 51 percent of Ducati to the American Texas Pacific Group , which took over the brand in 1998. In 2005 the Italian Investindustrial Gesellschaft took over the shares of the Texas Pacific Group.
The models are still designed, constructed and manufactured in Bologna to this day .
At the end of 2011, Ducati announced a collaboration with Mercedes-AMG , a subsidiary of Daimler AG. Ducati presented the Diavel AMG Special Edition at the IAA in Frankfurt am Main in September 2011 .
On April 18, 2012, Audi and the previous owner Investindustrial announced in a press release that Audi AG would take over 100% of the shares in Ducati Motor Holding SpA through its subsidiary Lamborghini . Audi also announced that Ducati will be integrated into the Audi Group and thus also into the Volkswagen Group after approval by the antitrust authorities .
After the auxiliary engines, the Gran Sport, introduced in 1955, was the first Ducati motorcycle with a four-stroke engine equipped with an overhead camshaft with a bevel drive.
The four-cylinder prototype Apollo from 1963 had for the first time a 90 ° V-engine with facing and vertical cylinders, as it later became typical for Ducati engines and as it is used in the current MotoGP machines. The name Ducati is inextricably linked with the term Desmodromic , a positively controlled valve train that is currently not used by any other manufacturer. The Desmodromic was developed for use in racing machines since the mid-1950s, and the Ducati Mark 3 D was the world's first production motorcycle with this technology in 1969.
With the Ducati 750 GT , the era of V-twin cylinders with a 90 ° cylinder angle began in 1970, called "L-Twin" by Ducati itself because of the forward-sloping cylinders .
In 1974, the production of the single cylinder models with which Ducati had been successful in both road racing and off-road racing was stopped. The Ducati Pantah introduced in 1977 initiated the replacement of the vertical shafts for camshaft drives with toothed belts .
The completely faired Ducati Paso was the first model in 1986 with the reverse arrangement of the inlet and outlet ports of the vertical cylinder. The placement of both carburettors between the cylinders made a central airbox possible for the first time .
In 1987, the Ducati 851 laid the cornerstone for the superbike series with liquid-cooled engines, four valves per cylinder and electronic manifold injection . A two-cylinder with the performance of the 851 was previously unimaginable. Ducati soon dominated the Superbike racing class with her. The Ducati 916 , which set new standards in motorcycle design in 1994, continued this successful series.
From 1993 the air-cooled Ducati Monster became a successful model, the increasing number of which allowed the brand to move up into the group of top-selling European motorcycle manufacturers. The style-defining Monster series was later also offered with liquid-cooled four-valve engines.
With the Ducati Multistrada , Ducati started a successful series of touring models in 2001, initially with air-cooled 2-valve engines and later with liquid-cooled 4-valve engines.
In 2011, the Ducati 1199 Panigale, a completely redesigned model, was presented that set new standards in sports motorcycle construction due to its performance and weight.
At Intermot 2014, Ducati presented the Ducati Scrambler 800, a new Scrambler model that picked up on stylistic elements of the single-cylinder models manufactured up to 1974.
In January 2019 Eduard Lotte announced the development of an electric motorcycle that could hit the market as early as 2021.
On the basis of the first V2-L-Twin from Pantah, various further developments have been made over the years to enable higher performance and compliance with stricter emissions standards:
- Desmodue: Two-valve with Desmodromic , air-cooled, 40 ° valve angle
Models: 600 SS and M, 750 and 900 SS / M, 800SS, Multistrada 620, Monster 620 695 696 803 992
- Desmodue DS: New design with double ignition ( Double Spark - DS), new valve train and crankshaft with now complete mass balancing .
Models: 1000DS, Multistrada 1000, 1000S, Monster S2R 1000 and 1100, SportClassic GT 1000, Sport 1000, 1000S, Hypermotard 1100, 1100S
- Desmotre Double Spark: three-valve with water cooling, mechanics of the DS - model: ST3
- Desmoquattro Testastretta: four-valve with water cooling, 25 ° valve angle
Models: 999, 749, Monster S4R, S4RS
- Testastretta Evoluzione: Same design, with increased displacement and power
Models: 848, 1098, 1198 / S
Ducati has been actively involved in motorcycle racing with its Ducati Corse racing department for decades. The main pillar of the current commitment is the Ducati MotoGP team in the MotoGP class of the motorcycle world championship . In the meantime, Ducati also had a works team in the Superbike World Championship .
The General Manager of Ducati Corse has been the Italian Gigi D'Alligna since 2014.
Motorcycle World Championship
After Ducati had already taken part in the motorcycle world championship in the 125 cc class in 1958 and 1959 , and in 1958 Alberto Gandossi had even been runner-up, the company entered the MotoGP class of the motorcycle world championship for the 2003 season . Loris Capirossi scored a debut win in Catalonia in his first year . After steadily increasing in the following years, the Australian Casey Stoner achieved his first drivers' world title in 2007 .
Superbike World Championship
In the Superbike World Championship , 14 drivers 'and 15 constructors' world championships have been celebrated since the series opened in 1988 . In a few years the Ducati were so dominant that they were able to occupy the first four positions in the overall standings. At the end of the 2010 season, Ducati ended its direct activities.
- Raymond Roche : 1990
- Doug Poland : 1991 , 1992
- Carl Fogarty : 1994 , 1995 , 1998 , 1999
- Troy Corser : 1996
- Troy Bayliss : 2001 , 2006 , 2008
- Neil Hodgson : 2003
- James Toseland : 2004
- Carlos Checa : 2011
One Ducati is seldom the same as another. Almost all Ducatis are more or less embellished and rebuilt by their owners (especially clutch covers and exhaust systems ). The fans of the brand are often very committed and the owners of Ducati machines around the world have come together in so-called DOC (Ducati Owners Clubs). These clubs organize meetings, trips and get-togethers. Some also operate their own websites. Contact addresses are listed on the Ducati homepage for those interested.
The structure is based on the drive of the camshafts via vertical shafts , timing chains , toothed belts or gears , in the chronological order:
Four-stroke engines with vertical shaft for the camshaft drive
In 1955, the Ducati Gran Sport marked the entry into the single-cylinder bevel shaft era with its 100, 125 and 175 cm³ four-stroke engine, which did not end until 1974 when the 450 series was phased out.
In 1970 a Ducati with a V-engine was presented for the first time with the 750 GT , which at the time was also superior to the Japanese competition in terms of performance. In 1976 the 900 SD heralded the era of successful sports models.
- Ducati 1000 MHR (Mike Hailwood Replica)
- Ducati 900 MHR (Mike Hailwood Replica)
- Ducati 900 S2
- Ducati 900 SS
- Ducati Darmah SS
- Ducati Darmah SD
- Ducati 860 GT
- Ducati 860 GTS
- Ducati 750 SS
- Ducati 750 S.
- Ducati 750 GT
- Ducati 250 Desmo
- Ducati 250 Daytona
- Ducati 200
- Ducati 125 SixDays
- Ducati 125 S.
- Ducati Gran Sport 100
Four-stroke engines with chain for the camshaft drive
From 1975 onwards, parallel twins were only used for a short time. Their overhead camshaft was driven by a chain . The performance and reliability of these models have come under fire and the following models have been sold in small numbers:
- Ducati GTV 350/500
- Ducati GTL 350/500
- Ducati 350/500 Sport Desmo
A combination of spur gear cascade and chain drive will be used for the camshaft drive in the V2 engine of the Ducati 1199 Panigale from 2012 . An intermediate shaft was driven in the respective cylinder head , which rotates the two overhead camshafts via spur gears : this is reminiscent of an inverted Weller drive .
Four-stroke engines with camshaft drive via toothed belt
With the Pantah 500 , the V-engine with toothed belt drive was presented for the first time in 1977 - a design that still forms the basis of Ducati models today. The first Ducati with a Pantah engine came on the market in 1979.
- Ducati 750 Sport
- Ducati 750 F1
- Ducati 650SL
- Ducati 500SL
- Ducati 600TL
- Ducati 350F3
- Ducati 350XL
- Ducati 350SL
- Ducati Indiana
- Ducati 907 i. e.
- Ducati 906 Paso
- Ducati 750 Paso
- Ducati 851/888
- Ducati 916/996/998/748
- Ducati 999/749
- Ducati 848/848 evo / 848 Streetfighter
- Ducati 899 Panigale * timing chain
- Ducati 959 Panigale
- Ducati Panigale V2
- Ducati 1098/1098 S / 1098 R
- Ducati 1198/1198 S / 1198 SP
- Ducati 1199 / 1199S / 1199R / Panigale / Superleggera * timing chain
- Ducati 1299 Panigale / 1299 Panigale S / 1299 Panigale R / 1299 Panigale R Final Edition
- Ducati Panigale V4 / Panigale V4S / Panigale V4 Speciale / Ducati V4R / Superleggera V4
- Ducati S4 / S4R / S4R Testastretta / S4Rs
- Ducati S2R / S2R 800 / S2R 1000
- Ducati M1000
- Ducati M1000S i. e.
- Ducati M1100 (from 2009, basic concept of M696)
- Ducati M900
- Ducati M900 ie (from 2000)
- Ducati M800
- Ducati M750
- Ducati M796 (from 2010, basic concept of M1100)
- Ducati M 696 (from 2008, completely new development)
- Ducati M695
- Ducati M620
- Ducati M600
- Ducati M400 (Japan)
- Ducati M1100 evo (2011-2013)
- Ducati M1200 / S (from 2014)
- Ducati 821/821 Dark / 821 Stripe
- Ducati M1200 R (from 2016)
- Ducati M797 / M797 +
The actual naming of Ducati for the (older) carburettor types was such that "SS" came after the displacement size (e.g. 600 SS). For the injection models ( i.e. = iniezione elettronica , electronic injection, from year of construction 1998) this nomenclature was reversed, these models were then called, for example, SS 1000. The list below does not fully reflect this.
- Ducati 1000 SS i. e. DS (DS = double ignition)
- Ducati 900 SS (carburetor)
- Ducati 900 SL (carburetor; SL = Superlight)
- Ducati 900 SS i. e.
- Ducati 900 Sport i. e.
- Ducati 800 SS i. e.
- Ducati 800 Sport i. e.
- Ducati 750 SS i. e.
- Ducati 750 Sport i. e.
- Ducati 750 SS (carburetor)
- Ducati 620 Sport i. e.
- Ducati 600 SS (carburetor)
- Ducati 400 SS (carburetor)
- Ducati 350 SS (carburetor)
- Ducati SuperSport (from 2016)
- Ducati SuperSport S (from 2016)
Ducati sport touring
- Ducati ST2
- Ducati ST3 / ST3s ABS
- Ducati ST4 / ST4S / ABS
- Ducati Multistrada 620
- Ducati Multistrada 950
- Ducati Multistrada 1000 DS
- Ducati Multistrada 1000s DS
- Ducati Multistrada 1100
- Ducati Multistrada 1100S
- Ducati Multistrada 1260 (s) (ABS) / 1260 SD | Air / 1260 Pikes Peak
- Ducati Multistrada 1200 Enduro
- Ducati Hypermotard 796
- Ducati Hypermotard 1100
- Ducati Hypermotard 1100 S.
- Ducati Hypermotard 1100 EVO
- Ducati Hypermotard 1100 EVO SP
- Ducati Hypermotard 821
- Ducati Hyperstrada 821 SP
- Ducati Hypermotard 939 SP
- Ducati Hyperstrada 939
- Ducati Hypermotard 950
- Ducati Hypermotard 950 SP
- Ducati GT1000
- Ducati Sport1000 / Sport1000 Biposto
- Ducati Sport1000S
- Ducati PaulSmart1000LE (Limited Edition)
- Ducati MH900e ( Mike Hailwood Tribute Bike)
- Ducati Streetfighter 848
- Ducati Streetfighter
- Ducati Streetfighter S
- Ducati Streetfighter V4
- Ducati Streetfighter V4s
- Ducati Diavel Dark
- Ducati Diavel Carbon
- Ducati Diavel AMG
- Ducati Diavel Cromo
- Ducati Diavel Strada
- Ducati xDiavel / xDiavel S
- Ducati Diavel 1260/1260 S.
Four-cylinder engines with camshaft drive via gear wheels
In 1963, with the Apollo project, Ducati had a V4 engine with a displacement of 1240 cm³ and 100 hp, but it did not get beyond the test stage.
On the basis of the new four-stroke regulations in the MotoGP class, a new, powerful V4-cylinder model was presented in 2002 and used from 2003. From summer 2007, the Desmosedici RR was also a limited-number, street-legal special series with this technology on offer.
As part of a brand transfer , Bianchi produces bicycles designed by Ducati that are sold under the Ducati brand. The racing and cross bikes and mountain bikes on offer are in the upper price range. In addition, Ducati, in cooperation with THOK, offers electromoutain bikes in the upper price segment.
Ducati developed a four-wheeled car called the Baptiste DU 4 in 1958 . It was a four-seater coupe . The curved front window and the panoramic rear window were striking. A V4 engine with a displacement of 250 cc and 16 hp provided the drive . Alternatively, a larger engine with 350 cm³ displacement and 18 hp was available. The weight of the engine, four-speed gearbox and differential is given as just 48 kg. The engine was mounted in the front of the vehicle and drove the front wheels. Only a few prototypes were made.
In 2014, a sports version of the VW XL1 was presented at the Paris Motor Show, which had the 1.2 liter Superleggera engine installed instead of the hybrid unit. With an engine output of 200 hp (at 890 kg, a power-to-weight ratio of 4.45 kg / hp), a top speed of 270 km / h should be possible. The vehicle did not go into series production.
- Marco Masetti, transferred and edited by Udo Stünkel: Ducati - history - models - racing successes . Delius Klasing Verlag , Bielefeld 2008, ISBN 978-3-7688-5272-2 .
- Ian Falloon: The Ducati Story . 1st edition, Motorbuch Verlag, Stuttgart 2011, ISBN 978-3-613-02516-5 .
- Hans-Joachim Wiehager, Jürgen Gaßebner: Ducati - the Italian passion . NGV, Cologne 2011, ISBN 978-3-625-13079-6 .
- Harald H. Linz, Halwart Schrader : The International Automobile Encyclopedia . United Soft Media Verlag, Munich 2008, ISBN 978-3-8032-9876-8 (for automobile production).
- ↑ https://www.volkswagenag.com/de/brands-and-models/ducati.html
- ↑ https://www.audi-mediacenter.com/de/pressemitteilungen/ducati-steigert-im-jahr-2019-umsatz-und-rendite-12693
- ↑ Vehicle registrations (FZ) - Stock of passenger cars and motorcycles by brand or manufacturer January 1, 2016. (PDF) In: kba.de. Federal Motor Transport Authority, January 1, 2016, p. 9 , accessed on January 14, 2017 .
- ↑ Michael Pfeiffer: Mercedes-AMG new partner of Ducati. Two icons of motorsport want to work together. (No longer available online.) In: Motorrad . Motor Presse Stuttgart , November 25, 2010, archived from the original on November 29, 2014 ; accessed on November 22, 2014 : “Mercedes-AMG is now the new sponsor of Ducati. Initially, the two manufacturers want to work together on marketing - but more is conceivable. ” Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- ↑ Norbert Löns: Ducati Diavel special model. Ducati presents the AMG edition of the Diavel. (No longer available online.) In: Motorrad . Motor Presse Stuttgart , September 6, 2011, archived from the original on November 29, 2014 ; Retrieved on November 22, 2014 : “Ducati would like to make the intensified cooperation with Mercedes AMG clear and is presenting the Diavel AMG Special Edition as the new top model in the Diavel model family.” Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- ↑ Information on Ducati.com Acquisition of Ducati Motor Holding by Audi Group ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. ; April 18, 2012
- ↑ Article on the Monster series ( Memento of the original from October 21, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. at www.motorsport.ch, accessed on October 21, 2014
- ↑ Andreas Bildl: The strongest series two-cylinder in the test . In: MOTORCYCLE . April 12, 2012, accessed October 21, 2014.
- ↑ Michael Schümann, Dina Dervisevic: New presentation of the Ducati Scrambler ( memento of the original from October 16, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. . In: MOTORCYCLE . September 30, 2014, accessed October 21, 2014.
- ↑ Falko Schoklitsch: No WSBK works team 2011 - Concentration on product development in: Motorsport Magazin from August 27, 2010. Accessed on June 25, 2011.
- ↑ a b Harald H. Linz, Halwart Schrader : The International Automobile Encyclopedia . United Soft Media Verlag, Munich 2008, ISBN 978-3-8032-9876-8 .
- ↑ VW XL Sport: Super sports car with Ducati power in Paris | autozeitung.de . In: autozeitung.de . ( autozeitung.de [accessed on May 31, 2017]).
Coordinates: 44 ° 31 ′ 3 ″ N , 11 ° 16 ′ 3 ″ E