Škoda Auto

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legal form Akciová společnost (as)
founding December 18, 1895
as Laurin & Klement
Seat Mladá Boleslav , Czech Republic
Czech RepublicCzech Republic 
management Thomas Schäfer (CEO)
Number of employees Czech Republic only:
33,696 (2018)
31,626 (2017)
28,373 (2016)
sales 416.7 billion CZK (2018)
407.4 billion CZK (2017)
347.987 billion CZK (2016)
Branch Automobile manufacturer
Website www.skoda-auto.com

Škoda main plant in Mladá Boleslav
Board members Christian Strube, Klaus-Dieter Schürmann, Alain Favey, Bernhard Maier , Michael Oeljeklaus and Dieter Seemann at the presentation of the Škoda Vision X at the Geneva Motor Show 2018

Škoda Auto as (pronunciation: Schkodda , ˈʃkɔda , listen ? / I ) is a Czech automobile and engine manufacturer that was founded in 1895 as the bicycle manufacturer Laurin & Klement by Václav Laurin and Václav Klement and produced the first automobile in 1905. In 2020 Škoda will celebrate its 125th birthday, making it one of the oldest companies in this industry. Audio file / audio sample

In 1925 the mechanical engineering group Škoda bought the company, which had been weakened by the First World War . As a result, vehicles received the Laurin & Klement - Škoda emblem , new models only came onto the market as Škoda from 1925 onwards . It was named after the industrialist and engineer Emil von Škoda . In 1930 the automobile manufacturer was named Akciová společnost pro automobilový průmysl (joint stock company for the automobile industry) with the abbreviation ASAP . After Czechoslovakia was broken up in 1939 by the invasion of German troops in World War II , the automobile manufacturer became part of the German Reichswerke Hermann Göring . After the Second World War, the automobile works were nationalized in 1945, the ASAP automobile division was spun off from the conglomerate as Automobilové závody, národní podnik (automobile works, national company) with the abbreviation AZNP and has been operated as a planned economy ever since . After the Velvet Revolution , in order to enable the automaker to be privatized , the state-owned company was converted into a joint stock company called Automobilový koncern Škoda as (Automobile Group Škoda Aktiengesellschaft) in 1990 so that the Czechoslovak government could sell a minority stake in the company to Volkswagen AG . In 1991 the name was changed to Škoda automobilová as (Škoda Automobil-Aktiengesellschaft). In 1997 the manufacturer was renamed to its current name Škoda Auto as . Volkswagen AG gradually expanded its shares in Škoda Auto , so that on May 30, 2000, Škoda Auto was wholly owned by Volkswagen.

Today there is also Škoda Transportation as , which produces locomotives , buses , trams, etc., which, like Škoda Auto, emerged from the Škoda concern.

In 2019, the automaker sold 1,242,800 vehicles, the sixth year in a row, more than 1 million per year. On April 11, 2019, Škoda celebrated the production of 22 million vehicles in the company's entire history.


Letter of complaint to the bicycle manufacturer Seidel & Neumann
1895: Founding of the Laurin & Klement company

1895 to 1905 - Laurin & Klement was founded

The company was founded on December 18, 1895 by the bookseller Václav Klement and the bicycle mechanic Václav Laurin in Mladá Boleslav . Laurin was a partner in the company Kraus & Laurin in Turnov , which repaired bicycles . The initiative to found the factory came from Klement. He was annoyed with the Dresden manufacturer Seidel & Naumann , because they did not want to take into account his complaint in Czech about the poor durability of his bike.

Initially, Slavia bicycles were built and repaired, followed three years later by models with an auxiliary motor. In 1898 a small factory was built outside Mladá Boleslav with 40 workers. The first motorcycles were produced in 1899 and automobiles from 1905. At the end of 1902, the two thousandth motorcycle left the factory. The L&K motorcycles were very successful in competitions, gaining 32 victories in 34 races in 1903. In 1905 L&K built 19 different motorcycles with one and two cylinder engines as well as the four cylinder machine CCCC 5HP. As early as 1901, L&K had been involved in the development of automobiles and exhibited a vehicle with a two-cylinder engine at the automobile exhibition in Vienna.

1905 to 1914 - start of automobile production

The first automobiles were built in 1905, first the Voiturette with a 1005 cm³, water-cooled, 7 hp two-cylinder and a short time later the Type B with 9 hp and 1399 cm³. In 1907 the B2 types followed with 2278 cm³ and 10 HP and the type C , a taxi with 12 HP.

In 1907 the company was converted into a stock corporation, in 1912 the Reichenberger Automobil Fabrik was taken over and soon the company was the largest automobile manufacturer in Austria-Hungary . In 1909 the designer Otto Hieronimus , who had previously worked at Benz and Daimler , was hired . He was also a racing driver and developed the type FCR , a racing car that reached 130 km / h. In addition to motorcycles and automobiles, Laurin & Klement also built stationary engines , commercial vehicles , buses, agricultural machines and road rollers. Around 40% of the automobiles were exported to Russia, vehicles were also exported to Japan, South America, New Zealand and most European countries. In the years up to 1914 the Laurin & Klement vehicles were very successful at racing events.

1914 to 1925 - The sale of Laurin & Klement to Škoda

After the beginning of the First World War, production was switched to armaments and it was not until 1919 that automobile production could be resumed. It wasn't easy to get back into the civilian market. The L&K automobile factory found itself in the young Czechoslovak Republic . Before 1914 L&K had only sold 30% of their cars on the territory of what was now Czechoslovakia, 20% in the rest of the monarchy and 50% had been exported. With the end of the First World War and the reorganization of Europe, however, the market conditions changed. Demand was still there, but production was not very profitable due to the high material costs. The automobile had become a luxury product again, and operation was expensive.

The type Sh and the small car type T were the first to appear after the war. Larger models with six-cylinder Otto engines and Knight slide control followed . Around 60 different car models were built between 1905 and 1925.

L&K tried to shorten the way to the customer by opening a repair shop in 1920 in Prague's Lesser Town .

Gradually, Klement realized that the future belonged exclusively to series production and that only mass production could create a cheap or affordable Volkswagen. That is why L&K decided to partner with the Škoda works in Pilsen.

On June 27, 1925, the merger with the Pilsener Škoda plants took place , with Laurin remaining technical director. The automobile models built at that time were built by Škoda Auto , as the new company was called, initially under the name "Laurin & Klement - Škoda" and then under the name "Škoda". The construction of bicycles and motorcycles was completely stopped.

1925 to 1945 - First Republic, German occupation and nationalization

Motor Show in Prague, 1925

In 1930 the car division of the large concern was spun off under the name Automobilindustrie-Aktiengesellschaft Škoda (ASAP Škoda). After the Great Depression of the 1930s, Škoda achieved a new breakthrough with the Popular . During the Second World War , Škoda belonged to the German state company Reichswerke Hermann Göring . Under pressure from the German occupation forces, Škoda mainly produced various types of bucket and off-road vehicles with all-wheel drive as well as the heavy wheeled tractors East and assembled individual weapon parts. In addition, gears, shafts and coolers were produced for BMW and Daimler-Benz . On May 9, 1945, the workshop in Mladá Boleslav was attacked by unknown bombers. The body shops, the physics and chemistry laboratory and the design office with all the old, archived plans were destroyed. The Red Army took over the organization in the main Mladá Boleslav plant on May 10, 1945 . The first works council was founded on June 7, 1945. On October 24, 1945, the company was nationalized and gradually integrated into the planned economy that was beginning. After 1945, the company was spun off from the Škoda Pilsen Group while retaining the company name and continued to operate as a national company.

1945 to 1990 - setbacks and successes

Škoda at the autumn fair in Leipzig, 1980

In 1947 truck construction was spun off and continued first by Avia , from 1951 by LIAZ under the Škoda brand. In the early / mid-1950s, new compact and mid-range car models came out, including the Felicia Cabriolet . In 1956 the decision was made to develop a rear-engine and rear-wheel drive car. However , the state-owned company could no longer keep up with the rapid development of technology outside of the Eastern Bloc and only began building the rear-engined 1000 MB model in 1964 . In August 1969, large parts of the Mladá Boleslav plant were destroyed by fire. The vehicle range was limited to the middle class from the 1960s. This was followed by other rear-engined car models, the 100/110 and the 742 (105, 120, 125, 130, 135), of which there were also sporty coupés as the 110 R , Garde and Rapid . In the GDR , Škoda models were among the most important imported cars and accounted for around 10% of the total number of cars. In 1962, the 20,000th Škoda car was imported into the GDR.

From 1969–1972, Škoda tried to offer an innovative vehicle with the concept of a spacious sedan (type 720) with a front engine, automatic transmission and ABS; However, it stayed with some prototypes such as station wagons, hatchbacks and notchback vehicles with the design of Giorgio Giugiaro . The socialist leadership of Czechoslovakia thought the vehicle was too "western", and most of the new production machines would have had to be replaced. This turned out to be uneconomical. The Czechoslovak citizens were indirectly conveyed that the Soviet Union had prevented series production. Only in 1987 did Škoda return to the front engine with the Škoda Favorit designed by Giuseppe Bertone .

1990 until today - sold to Volkswagen

Entrance 7 to the current plant in Mladá Boleslav

In the course of privatization , which began in 1990, the Czechoslovak government decided on December 9, 1990 to sell the then AZNP (Automobilové závody, národní podnik; German automobile works, national company) to Volkswagen AG . On April 16, 1991, Škoda became the fourth brand of the Volkswagen group. The automobile manufacturers Renault and BMW had offered themselves as further interested parties , but their future concepts appeared less convincing than that of Volkswagen. In 1991, the German importer Škoda Auto Deutschland GmbH was founded in Weiterstadt , and from 1995 a wholly owned subsidiary of Škoda Auto, as . The joint venture with Volkswagen resulted in the Škoda Felicia with a modern design. In 1993 Dirk van Braeckel became the new chief designer and designed the first generations of the Škoda Fabia and Škoda Octavia models . With these models, Škoda again achieved an appreciable market share in Western Europe . In 1998, Škoda automobilová as became the joint stock company ŠKODA AUTO as and for the first time produced 400,000 cars, which were exported to 70 countries. After the Volkswagen group had gradually increased its stake in Škoda Auto, it has owned 100% of the company since May 30, 2000.

Škoda Superb III as an escort vehicle for the Tour de France , exhibited at the Paris Motor Show 2018

Due to the connection between Škoda and bicycles, Škoda supports cycling , including the Tour de France since 2004 , and thus replaced FIAT . In 2008 the new model variant GreenLine , a fuel-saving version, and the ESP safety program were introduced as standard. In 2009, Škoda achieved good economic figures on the Russian and Ukrainian markets. In the same year, most of the vehicles in the company's history to date were delivered, a total of 684,226 vehicles. In China , Škoda was able to increase sales figures in 2009 by 107% to 122,556 vehicles. 190,717 cars were delivered in Germany, an increase of 57.3%. One of the reasons for this strong increase in sales was the government scrapping premium in Germany and other European countries.

Škoda Superb II (2008-2013)

The sales success of the brand led to a dispute with VW headquarters in spring 2010 about the future model policy.

In 2011, Škoda presented its new corporate design at the Geneva Motor Show . At the same time as the Škoda Vision D design study , the manufacturer also presented a new brand logo to the public. The goal for 2011/12 is a cheap “world car”. This should be placed in the price segment of less than 8,000 euros. The manufacturer also showed interest in a larger SUV in the form of the VW Touareg and in a stake in the Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles division . At the end of September 2011, the company presented the Škoda Citigo , a small car that had been announced a long time ago and based on which the Volkswagen up! is based. Shortly thereafter, production of the Škoda Rapid began in Pune (India). In 2012 the production of the European Rapid began . At the same time, Škoda developed the new Seat Toledo for its Spanish sister company Seat , which is largely identical to the Rapid. Production runs on belts at Škoda’s main plant in Mladá Boleslav . With 939,202 vehicles delivered in 2012, the brand exceeded the previous record of 2009.

In 2012, Škoda introduced the “GreenFuture” environmental strategy as part of the 2018 growth strategy. It is intended to further improve the sustainability of the company. GreenFuture is based on three pillars. GreenProduct has set itself the goal of new models with further reduced consumption and exhaust emission values, GreenFactory is to make production in its own production facilities 25% more environmentally friendly, for example by significantly reducing energy and water consumption as well as waste and carbon dioxide generation. GreenRetail describes improved environmental protection in dealerships and workshops, which should be checked through regular audits.

The fifteen millionth Škoda rolled off the production line in February 2013. Production of the third generation of the Octavia and the Rapid Spaceback, the brand's first short-tail model in the lower mid-range segment, began. Škoda presented it at the IAA along with the facelift of the Yeti .

Škoda's strongest sales market in the 2013 financial year was China with 226,971 deliveries to customers, followed by Germany (136,415) and Russia (87,456). Local production of the Octavia III began in China in spring 2014. The Škoda Rapid has been manufactured in Russia since spring 2014 . Today Škoda is represented in over 100 countries.

The Škoda Vision E concept vehicle
with electric drive presented in 2017

Since 2006, like many other car manufacturers, Škoda Auto has again been offering bicycles for sale. These come from Asian production. The bicycles are sold through authorized dealers for the car brand. The Škoda brand started with Laurin & Klement bicycles before producing motorcycles and later cars. In the Škoda Muzeum Mladá Boleslav there are several models from the early years of production. From around 1900, bicycle production stagnated almost completely, only individual models of mopeds were produced. It was not until the 1970s that Škoda bicycles came into the public again.

In 2016, Škoda adopted the “Strategy 2025” in parallel with other brands in the Volkswagen Group. In it, the company defines the areas of electromobility, digitization and internationalization as central fields of action. In addition, the company wants to achieve a similarly high turnover with digital services in the long term as with the classic business field of automobile construction.

At Auto Shanghai in April 2017, the manufacturer presented the Škoda Vision E, the first design and technology study to be equipped with a purely electric drive. According to its own statements, the prototype is an outlook on the manufacturer's electromobility. The corresponding SUV series model is scheduled to hit the market in 2020.

At the 2019 International Motor Show , the company announced the founding of the Škoda iV sub-brand for models with electrified drivetrains. At the same time, Škoda announced the plug-in hybrid SUPERB iV and the battery-electric mini car CITIGOe iV.

On behalf of the Volkswagen Group, Škoda Auto has been responsible for the Group's planned model offensive in India since mid-2018 . The group plans to invest one billion euros there between 2019 and 2021. In order to guarantee maximum market proximity, the models for the Indian market should be tailored to the needs of the motorists there and almost entirely developed and produced in India. To this end, Škoda Auto and Volkswagen opened a new technology center in Pune , India at the beginning of 2019 , where 250 engineers will work. A software development center with offices in Gurugram and Pune has been supporting the automotive manufacturer's IT worldwide and developing digital services since February 2020.

In order to advance the digitization of products and business processes as well as the development of digital mobility services, the automobile manufacturer founded the Škoda Auto DigiLab in Prague at the beginning of 2017 . In the following years branches opened in Tel Aviv, Israel (2018), in the Chinese capital Beijing (2019) and in Pune in the Indian state of Maharashtra (2020). The DigiLabs see themselves as part of the local start-up scene and should look for suitable cooperation partners and ideas there to develop digital mobility services and new business models. At the same time, local IT talents are promoted and developed.

In summer 2020, Thomas Schäfer became the new CEO; previously he was Managing Director of Volkswagen South Africa.

Worldwide sales

model 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Škoda Citigo - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 510 29,960 45.225 42,494 40,152 40,674 37,115 39,200 31,200
Škoda Felicia 288,458 261.127 241.256 148.028 44,963 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Škoda Fabia - - 823 128,872 250,978 264,641 260,988 247,600 236,698 243,982 232.890 246,561 264.173 229.045 266,763 240,470 201,989 160,518 192.358 202.303 206,499 190,900 172,800
Škoda Kodiaq - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 447 99,961 149,200 171,800
Škoda Rapid - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1,671 24,692 103.781 221,363 194,321 212,656 211,480 191,500 142,100
Škoda Octavia 47,876 102,373 143.251 158.503 164.134 164.017 165,635 181,683 233,322 270.274 309.951 344.857 317,335 349,746 387.183 409,632 359,578 389.257 432,335 435.974 418,767 388.200 363,700
Škoda Superb - - - - 177 16,867 23,135 22,392 22.091 20,989 20,530 25,645 44,548 98,873 116,726 109,087 94,433 91.084 80.176 138,854 150.910 138,100 104,800
Škoda Roomster - - - - - - - - - 14,422 66,661 57,467 47,152 32,332 36,010 37,964 33,295 29,643 16,612 29 1
Škoda Yeti - - - - - - - - - - - - 11,018 52,604 70,321 87,397 82,449 102,867 99,547 95,540 69,467 13,100
Škoda Kamiq 27,900 64,600
Škoda Karoq 115,700 152,700
total 336.334 365,500 385.330 435.403 460.252 445.525 449,758 451.675 492.111 549,667 630.032 674,530 684.226 762,600 879.184 939.202 920.750 1,037,226 1,055,501 1,126,477 1,200,535 1,253,700 1,242,800

Škoda Motorsport

Škoda Fabia R5, FIA World Rally Championship-2

With the traditional motorsport department, the manufacturer takes part directly in the World Rally Championship (WRC). With the Škoda Fabia R5, Škoda Motorsport won the World Rally Championship-2 Manufacturers' World Championship in 2015, 2016, 2017 and 2018 in the team classification.

History of the logo

After the takeover by Škoda, the automobile plant first used an oval company logo with the inscription “Škoda” , but the traditional Škoda arrow, which is still in use today, was introduced as early as 1926. The headdress of Indians could have served as a model for today's logo ; In the 1920s, the symbol was popularly referred to as "Indian". In December 1923 the motif "arrow with three feathers in a ring" was registered as a trademark at the Office for the Registration of Signs and Designs. The then commercial director of the Pilsen Škoda works Tomáš Maglič is considered to be the creator of the logo .

The ring shows the versatility of production , the perfection of manufacturing, the globe and the world. The spring indicates the technical progress , the range of the production program as well as the international sales of the products, the arrow indicates the progressive production methods and high labor productivity. The eye indicates the accuracy of manufacture, technical acumen and overview. In the connection of the winged arrow surrounded by laurels, the symbol accentuates the 100-year tradition of the company founders.

From 1991 to 2011 the logo appeared in green and with the inscription “Škoda Auto” instead of the laurels. The aim was to differentiate between the car manufacturer and the mechanical engineering group. The green color is a reference to environmental protection and recycling efforts. In 2011 the new trademark was presented at the Geneva Motor Show. The inscription and the black border disappeared and were replaced by a silver border with the heading "Škoda" in large letters. The old logo was used until 2012. Car dealerships and plant locations have had the new corporate design since 2013 . Vehicles were built in 2011 with the logo with a black chrome look.

Škoda Popular Sport "Monte Carlo"
Škoda Superb (1934)



From 1948

construction time model series annotation image


since 2011 Citigo Like VW, the Citigo is based up! and Seat Mii on the New Small Family platform of the VW Group and is available as three and five-door models. Two engine versions with a displacement of 999 cm³ will be offered for the market launch. From February 2013 the Citigo was also available with a pressure gas tank for operation with compressed natural gas (CNG). Since 2019, the vehicle has only been on the market as a battery-powered Citigo-e iV . Skoda Citigo-e iV IMG 2615.jpg

Small car

1999-2007 Fabia I The first Fabia with a three-cylinder engine was developed by Škoda alone. A hatchback, notchback and a station wagon version were produced. A revision took place in autumn 2004. The sporty version RS was also available. Škoda Fabia RichardBerry flickr.jpg
2007-2014 Fabia II The Fabia II is bigger than the first generation. The Škoda Fabia received a facelift in spring 2010. At the same time, the sporty Fabia RS appeared, which is available as a hatchback and a station wagon. Skoda Fabia II Facelift front 20100515.jpg
since 2014 Fabia III The third Fabia was initially only available in the hatchback version in November 2014, the station wagon version has been available since the end of January 2015. Skoda Fabia FL Geneva 2018.jpg

"People's automobiles" for mass motorization

1955-1971 440/445 / Octavia The last car with a front engine for the time being and the source of the name for some types today. The first digit stood for the number of cylinders, the last two for the power in hp. Škoda Octavia Combi Mladá Boleslav 01062017 (Photo Hilarmont) .jpg
1964-1969 1000 MB / 1100 MB The beginning of the era of rear-engined and rear-wheel drive cars. The development began in 1957. The MB stood for the Mladá Boleslav plant, the four-digit number for the displacement in cubic centimeters. There were different prototypes for a station wagon and a convertible. Brno, Řečkovice, depozitář TMB, Škoda 1000 MB.jpg
1969-1974 Škoda 100/110 The Š 100/110 is a major facelift of the 1000/1100 MB. The three-digit number stood for the displacement in cubic centimeters / 10. Skoda 100-2.JPG
1976-1994 Škoda 105/120/125/130/135/136 After 32 years, the assembly of rear-engine and rear-wheel drive cars ended with these models. Skoda 105S - front.jpg

Compact class

1987-1994 favourite The first Škoda with a front engine in 23 years. The engines came from the previous versions 135/136. After the company was taken over by VW, small technical changes were made. Skoda Favorit 136 L front.jpg
1994-2001 Felicia The Škoda Felicia was a profound modernization of the Škoda Favorit, with which many parts were identical. Felugara.jpg
since 2011 Rapid The Rapid is a vehicle that has been manufactured in the Indian Škoda plant in Pune since October 2011 . The vehicle was specially developed for the needs of emerging and developing countries . Another Rapid (since 2012) has been developed for the European, more demanding market. Skoda Rapid.jpg
2012-2018 Rapid The Rapid has also been available on the European market since autumn 2012. It is built together with the Seat Toledo IV at the Mladá Boleslav plant. In late summer 2013, the hatchback Spaceback was added. Skoda - Rapid - Mondial de l'Automobile de Paris 2012 - 001.jpg
since 2018 Scala Introduced in December 2018 and successor to Rapid. Now only as a hatchback variant. Skoda Scala IMG 2462.jpg

Middle class

1946-1952 Tudor Škoda's first new model after the war was the Tudor with the central tubular frame of the Popular and a body in the style of the 1940s. Škoda
1952-1956 1200 It was the company's first production vehicle with an all-steel body and a pontoon shape. Škoda1200 Decinfront.jpg
1954-1961 1201 The successor to the 1200 was the 1201 with a more powerful engine. MHV Škoda 1201 Estate 01.jpg
1959-1973 1202 For a long time the last mid-range vehicle from Škoda. The 1200 and 1201 models were available as sedans , station wagons , delivery vans and ambulances . The 1202 was not available as a sedan. Brno, Mahenova, Škoda 1202 (02) .jpg
1996-2010 Octavia I The Octavia I was introduced as a sedan in autumn 1996. The Combi followed in spring 1998. There was a facelift in autumn 2000. After the successor was presented in the spring of 2004, Škoda resold the model as the Octavia Tour. Production was stopped at the end of 2010. Skoda6.jpg
2004-2013 Octavia II The Octavia II came on the market in spring 2004. At the beginning of 2009 there was a major facelift. In addition to the normal version, there was also an all-wheel drive version with the addition of 4 × 4 , the off-road version Scout and the sport version RS . The original model of the second generation is still sold as a tour in some countries . Skoda Octavia TDI (II, Facelift) - front view, April 1, 2011, Wülfrath.jpg
since 2012 Octavia III In February 2013, the third generation of the Octavia came on the market as a sedan. The Combi followed in May 2013. The sporty RS version, the Scout off-road version and a CNG natural gas version are now also available. The RS with all-wheel drive (4 × 4) has been available since November 2015. Geneva MotorShow 2013 - Skoda Octavia Combi gray.jpg
since 2019 Octavia IV The Octavia IV was presented in November 2019. Skoda Octavia IV Combi IMG 2614.jpg

upper middle class

2001-2008 Superb I. With the Superb, which appeared in autumn 2001, a traditional name was added to the range that Škoda already had on the model at that time in 1934 . The vehicle was presented six months before the start of series production at the Geneva Motor Show, where it was presented as a study under the name “Montreux”. Skoda Superb blue.JPG
2008-2015 Superb II The second generation of the Superb, introduced in summer 2008, is a sedan with a two-part tailgate known as the Twindoor . At the IAA 2009, a station wagon version was also presented, which came onto the market in early 2010. The revised model followed in July 2013. 2009 Skoda Superb Elegance CRTDi Automatic 2.0 Front.jpg
since 2015 Superb III In March 2015, the third generation of the Superb was presented at the Geneva Motor Show, which went on sale in mid-June 2015. 2018 Skoda Superb SE L Executive TSi 1.4.jpg

State car

1948-1952 VOS / VOS-L The VOS model was only assembled at Škoda and was designed as a representative limousine for Klement Gottwald and other politicians in accordance with the requirements of the communist regime at the time . The engine came from Praga , the body was made by Karosa . Armored versions were built for important political figures. Skoda-vos-l.jpg

Mini van

2006-2015 Roomster The Roomster was the first model of Škoda five stars in the Euro NCAP - Crash Test member and not of. Even after the facelift in spring 2010, the Roomster has the same front as the second generation of the Fabia. Skoda Roomster Facelift 1.2 TSI Comfort Plus Edition front 20100529.jpg


2009-2017 yeti The Yeti is available with both front-wheel drive and all-wheel drive . The compact SUV has been available in two versions since the 2013 facelift: the Škoda Yeti and the Škoda Yeti Outdoor. Skoda Yeti 2.0 TDI 4x4 front 20100524.jpg
since 2017 Kodiaq The Kodiaq is available with front-wheel drive or all-wheel drive , it has five seats as standard, and a third row of seats with two additional seats is optionally available. Skoda Kodiaq Vienna 19-20 IMG 2247.jpg
since 2017 Karoq The Karoq is the successor to the Yeti and is smaller than the Kodiaq. 2018 Skoda Karoq SE L TDi SA 1.6 Front.jpg
since 2018 Kamiq The Kamiq for the Chinese market has been in production since summer 2018 and is based on the Volkswagen Group's PQ34 platform. Škoda Kamiq CN 001 China 2019-03-25.jpg
since 2018 Kodiaq GT Vehicle based on the Kodiaq with hatchback shape. The Kodiaq GT is sold exclusively in China. Škoda Kodiaq GT 02 China 2019-03-25.jpg
since 2019 Kamiq Compact SUV that shares the technology with the Seat Arona and the VW T-Cross . Skoda Kamiq (2019) IMG 2463.jpg
since 2019 Kamiq GT Vehicle based on the hatchback Kamiq offered in China. Skoda Kamiq GT 001.jpg

Coupé / Cabriolet

1948-1952 1102 "Tudor" The Škoda 1102 Tudor was available with a cabriolet or roadster body. Škoda 1102 roadster 3.jpg
1957-1961 450 / Felicia / Felicia Super It was the convertible version of the Škoda 440 / Octavia. There were several technical innovations. Skoda felicia 1962 front.jpg
1966-1968 1000/1100 MBX The 1000/1100 MBX was a coupe based on the 1000/1100 MB model. Skoda1000MBX.jpg
1970-1982 110 R The 110 R was a coupé based on the 110. It had two carburettors and therefore more power. Škoda 110R Coupé.jpg
1981-1984 Guard It was the first mass-produced car in Slovakia. Skoda rapid 001.jpg
1984-1990 Rapid 130/135/136 The Rapid was a technical advancement of the Garde. The vehicle received a more powerful engine and a modern appearance. Production ended without a successor. Skoda 130 Rapid.jpg

Racing and rally vehicles

1949-1950 Sports / super sports The racing car sport could reach a maximum speed of 180 km / h.
1957-1960 1000/1100 OHC Only five copies of this type were produced, three Spider with plastic body and two coupés with aluminum body. Škoda 1101 OHC.jpg
1964 F3 This monoposto drove in the Formula 3 category and reached a top speed of 210 km / h. Skoda-museum-mlada-boleslav-rr-118.jpg
1971 1500 MB For circuit racing, a 90 hp engine was built into the 1000 MB, which had a displacement of around 1600 cc. Pentecost '08 (149) .JPG
1971 120 pp This car could reach a top speed of 220 km / h depending on the engine configuration and gear ratio. Skoda 120s.jpg
1975-1980 130 RS evo / prototype This car was equipped with a panel body made of aluminum and plastic and drove max. 220 km / h. Skoda 130rs.jpg
1975-1980 180 RS / 200 RS The car reached a top speed of 210 km / h. A transmission from Porsche was used. Skoda180RS front.jpg
1972-1975 Spider B5 The first Škoda car with a Spider body. Skoda-museum-mlada-boleslav-rr-102.jpg
1984 130 LR The car was based on the Škoda Type 742 and had a 145 hp engine. Jürgen KayserJens Roth in a Skoda 130 LR.jpg
1989 136 L The rally version of the Favorit had 80 to 125 hp at 1289 cc. Škoda favorit racing.jpg
1995 Felicia Kit Car This Felicia had a 180 hp engine with a displacement of 1598 cc. Skoda felicia kit car.jpg
1998 Octavia Kit Car 2.0 L / Octavia WRC The front-wheel drive Octavia Kit Car had a 340 hp engine. The four-wheel drive Octavia WRC with the 300 hp engine could theoretically reach 250 km / h, but was mostly geared to around 200 km / h for its use in rallying. Bt skoda.jpg
2003 Fabia WRC This four-wheel drive Fabia had a 2.0-liter turbo four-cylinder engine which, according to the regulations, was not allowed to produce more than around 220 kW (300 hp). The maximum power was reached at 5500 rpm, the maximum torque of a good 600 Nm at 3250 rpm. Jani Paasonen - 2004 Rally Finland 3.jpg
2008 Fabia Super 2000 The successor made its first appearance at the Monte Carlo Rally . Juho Hänninen - Rally Finland 2009.JPG

commercial vehicles

1968-1999 1203/1500 The van was manufactured for a total of 31 years. During this time, slight innovations were made. The 1500 had a more powerful engine. TAZ Skoda 1203.JPG
1991-1995 Pick up The pick-up was based on the Favorit and had a truck registration. Skoda-favorit-pickup.jpg
1995-2001 Pick up The pick-up was based on the Felicia and had a truck registration. Skodafeliciapick-up.JPG
2002-2006 practice In 2002 the commercial vehicle series was renamed Praktik. The first version of this series was based on the Fabia Combi. Fabia-practice sideways.jpg
since 2007 practice The Transporter is based on the body of the Roomster , but unlike this one has no windows in the rear doors. Skoda Praktik 1.4 TDI Brilliantsilber Heck.JPG


Timeline of the Škoda models from 1945 to today
Type Body versions from 1945 to 1990 as a state enterprise AZNP Gradually taken over by Volkswagen in 1991
40s 50s 60s 70s 80s 90s 2000s 2010s 2020s
5 6th 7th 8th 9 0 1 2 3 4th 5 6th 7th 8th 9 0 1 2 3 4th 5 6th 7th 8th 9 0 1 2 3 4th 5 6th 7th 8th 9 0 1 2 3 4th 5 6th 7th 8th 9 0 1 2 3 4th 5 6th 7th 8th 9 0 1 2 3 4th 5 6th 7th 8th 9 0 1 2 3 4th 5 6th 7th 8th 9 0
Microcar Hatchback Citigo
Small car Convertible …  1101 Tudor / 1102 Tudor
Hatchback Fabia I Fabia II Fabia III
Station wagon
Compact class Hatchback favourite Felicia Rapid spaceback Scala
Station wagon Forman
Lower middle class Convertible 450 Felicia
Coupe 1100 MBX 110 R Guard Rapid
Notchback 440 Octavia 1000 MB / 1100 MB 100/110 105/120/125/130/135/136 Octavia I Rapid IndiaIndia
Station wagon Octavia station wagon
Middle class Notchback 1200 1201 Octavia II Octavia III Octavia IV
Station wagon 1202
upper middle class Notchback Superb I. Superb II Superb III
Station wagon
Upper class Notchback …  Superb
SUV Hatchback Kamiq China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China
yeti Karoq
Hatchback Kamiq GT China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China
Kodiaq GT China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China
High roof combination Roomster
Vans 1203 1203 (from 1987: TAZ 1203 ) 1500 ( TAZ 1500 )
race car Sports 120 pp 130 RS 130 LR
Sports / super sports 1101 OHC F3

Prototypes and concepts

  • Škoda Ortodox (1983)
  • Škoda 781 (1984) small car, prototype for the Favorit
  • 783 Favorit Coupé (1987)
  • Favorite Sedan (1987)
  • Felicia Golden Prague (1998)
  • Tudor (2002)
  • Fabia Paris Edition (2002)
  • Ahoy (2002)
  • Roomster (2003)
  • Joyster (2006)
  • Yeti II Cabriolet (2006)
  • Škoda Roadster (2009)
  • Vision D (2011)
  • MissionL (2011)
  • Škoda Octavia GreenE-Line (2012)
  • Škoda Citigo Rally (2012)
  • Škoda Rapid Sport (2013)
  • Škoda Citigo DJ Car (2013)
  • Škoda VisionC (2014)
  • Škoda CitiJet (2014)
  • Škoda Yeti Xtreme (2014)
  • Škoda Vision S (2016)
  • Škoda Vision E (2017)
  • Škoda Vision iV (2019)
  • Škoda Vision IN (2020)

Model development

The first Škoda car (based on the L&K designs) was the 422 (4-cylinder Otto engine , 16 kW / 22 PS), a typical angular car of the 1920s with a base frame and wooden body . Many models were produced in this form, also with 6- and 8- cylinder engines. The type name Phaeton appeared back then, and the model names Favorit and Superb appeared for the first time in the 1930s .

A huge innovation push came in 1933 with the 420 Standard , the Popular series and the slightly larger Rapid : Following the example of the design principle introduced by Tatra eleven years earlier, a central tube through which the cardan shaft ran was used as a frame on which the differential with pendulum axle was used at the rear and the engine and the front axle were screwed on at the front. There was also a modern body with a trunk and, from 1938, 4-cylinder OHV engines. Many versions were built, including racing versions (for example, a Popular Sport finished second in the Monte Carlo Rally in 1936). The Tudor (Two-Door) had a pleasant (secretly constructed during the war) body of the 1940s. With the sedan came the pontoon shape and the all-steel body (four-door for this type), which was not self-supporting. There were also special series for the military and agriculture. This conception, with various bodies, was retained without any major changes until the end of production. Three years later came the two-door body with the Spartak (440). The Octavia (445) (as the eighth type of the Popular line) and Felicia (450, Roadster) received coil springs on the front axle for the first time . The Octavia Combi was built until 1971. Production of the 1203 delivery van was discontinued in 1999.

Prototype of the 1000 MB station wagon

A new plant was built for the modern, four-door 1000 MB (the MB stood for the Mladá Boleslav plant), which began series production in 1964. Just as the front-wheel drive became widely accepted, the world's last series of mass-produced rear-wheel drive vehicles appeared (before the Smart Fortwo ), with new mechanics and a self-supporting body that was initially extremely susceptible to rust. The aluminum motors of this series were later installed in the Favorit, the new Felicia and also in the basic versions of the Fabia models.

The 4.3 meter long prototype 720 was to serve as the successor to the 1000 MB . This was secretly developed up to the prototype between 1967 and 1971 and had a front-engine and front-wheel drive. The series was to receive four-cylinder OHC engines with displacements from 1250 to 2000 cm³. In addition, an automatic gearbox , ABS and a station wagon version were planned. In the interior there were display devices that appeared in later models. However, the production was not realized because of the socialist planned economy.

The front-wheel drive era began in 1987 with the Favorit . The new Felicia (this time not a convertible) was later equipped with VW engines, before the first VW Škoda followed in 1996 with the newly developed Octavia , which was based on parts of the VW Golf IV . In the summer of 2004, the new edition Octavia II followed and in early 2005 the associated station wagon model. Production of the Octavia III started in 2013, and a bivalent natural gas variant has also been available since May 2014. Its predecessor continued to be produced until the end of 2013.

In the meantime, the Fabia replaced the Felicia series in 1999 . The Fabia was the first vehicle from the VW Group to use the PQ24 platform, on which the VW Polo 9N and Seat Ibiza were also built a little later . Škoda developed this platform as a service provider for Volkswagen. The early market launch at Škoda gave the other group brands time to incorporate the experience gained by Škoda into the development of the sister models. In 2006 the Škoda Roomster came onto the market. From 2008 the company built the Škoda Superb II . The Škoda Yeti , the brand's first SUV, was added in mid-2009 .

At the end of 2011, Škoda expanded the model range downwards and presented the 3.56 meter short Škoda Citigo . The small car shares the technical basis with its sister models VW up! and Seat Mii . In addition to the two 1.0-liter three-cylinder engines with 44  kW (60 PS) or 55 kW (75 PS), a natural gas version has also been available under the name Citigo G-TEC since October 2012. The CNG version has an output of 50 kW (68 PS) and emits an EU average of 79 g / km of carbon dioxide.

In 2012 the compact sedan Škoda Rapid was launched on the European market. One year later, the Rapid Spaceback followed, the first short-tail model from Škoda in the lower middle class segment.

The parent company Volkswagen reserves the right to approve models that are otherwise independently developed by Škoda in accordance with the group guidelines. It was no different before the fall of the Wall. At that time, the Soviet Union issued specifications for vehicles, which is why Škoda has many unrealized prototypes from then and now. In cooperation with the Eisenach ( Wartburg ) and Sachsenring ( Trabant ) automobile works , for example, Škoda developed the COMECON car, which was not produced in series .


Škoda vehicles roll off the assembly line in five countries around the world: in the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Russia, India and China.

For a long time, the Octavia was manufactured in Bratislava , Slovakia ; in the past, the BAZ (Bratislavské automobilové závody, np) plant of Škoda was located there. It was there that the first series vehicle on Slovak territory, the Škoda Garde , was built in large numbers . Today in Bratislava the Škoda Citigo runs together with the VW up! and the Seat Mii from the assembly line. In Trnava was from 1981, the work for the Škoda 1203, which was released after the division of Czechoslovakia into self-employment, but no other vehicles Škoda produced more.

plant production society
Czech RepublicCzech Republic Czech Republic , Mladá Boleslav Fabia, Octavia, Scala, Seat Toledo and Group engines Škoda Auto as
Czech RepublicCzech Republic Czech Republic , Kvasiny Superb, Kodiaq, Karoq, Seat Ateca Škoda Auto as
Czech RepublicCzech Republic Czech Republic , Vrchlabí transmission Škoda Auto as
SlovakiaSlovakia Slovakia , Bratislava Citigo Volkswagen Slovakia, as
IndiaIndia India , Pune Rapid (Indian variant) Skoda Auto India Pvt Ltd.
IndiaIndia India , Aurangabad Octavia, superb Skoda Auto India Pvt Ltd.
RussiaRussia Russia , Kaluga Fabia, Rapid OOO Volkswagen Group Rus
RussiaRussia Russia , Nizhny Novgorod Kodiaq, Octavia OOO Avtomobilnyj plant "GAZ"
China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China People's Republic of China , Anting Fabia, Octavia, Yeti (Chinese variants) SAIC Volkswagen Automotive Co.
China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China People's Republic of China , Yizheng Rapid (Chinese variants) SAIC Volkswagen Automotive Co.
China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China People's Republic of China , Ningbo Octavia, Superb (Chinese variants) SAIC Volkswagen Automotive Co.
China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China People's Republic of China , Nanjing Superb (Chinese variants) SAIC Volkswagen Automotive Co.

The brand's former plants include Volkswagen Sarajevo ( Bosnia and Herzegovina ), Solomonowo near Uzhgorod in the Ukraine and Azia Avto in Kazakhstan.

Museums and education

The Škoda Muzeum in Mladá Boleslav is open to visitors. One of Laurin & Klement's former factory buildings, in which production continued into the 1970s, serves as the historical museum building. Škoda rebuilt and redesigned the museum in 2011 as part of the new corporate design . Factory tours are also possible. Another Škoda museum is located on the grounds of Krengerup Castle on the island of Funen in Denmark. The Škoda pavilion is located in the Autostadt . The current models are represented in it. The company also owns the Škoda Auto Vysoká škola University, founded in 2000 . Since 2013, the Škoda Academy has also included the company's own vocational school, which was founded in 1927 at the company's headquarters in Mladá Boleslav and currently offers 13 training courses with a strong practical focus. Since 2014, apprentices at the vocational school have been designing and building an “apprentice car” every year with the support of experienced engineers and employees from the areas of production, technical development and design. They modify a series model according to their own ideas and build a roadworthy prototype.


  • René Mario Cedrych, Lukáš Nachtmann: Škoda - auta známá i neznámá , 2nd edition, Grada, Praha 2007, ISBN 978-80-247-1719-7 (Czech).
  • Wolfgang Finke, Bertel Schmitt: Škoda Octavia, the book about the car . Count Bertel Buczek, 2006
  • Bernd-Wilfried Kießler: Škoda Automobile. Future through tradition , Delius Klasing 1998, ISBN 3-7688-0902-1 .
  • Petr Kožíšek, Jan Králík: L&K - Škoda 1895–2003, I. + II. MotoPublic pro Škoda Auto 2003, part 1 ISBN 80-239-1849-4 , part 2 ISBN 80-239-1949-0 (Czech).
  • Jan Králík, Lukáš Nachtmann: 100 years of Škoda advertising from L&K to the present day . Print advertisement for the L&K - Škoda automobile plant, published for Škoda Auto. MotoPublic 2006.
  • Katrin Thoß, Michael Kirchberger: Škoda - Moving History . Plexus, Miltenberg 2006, ISBN 3-937996-09-5
  • Jan Tuček: Zapomenuté vozy Škoda, 1960–1990 . Grada Publishing, Praha 2007, ISBN 978-80-247-2012-8 (Czech).
  • Jan Králík, Josef Vrátil: Století nejrychlejších vozů Škoda . km publicity, 2002, ISBN 80-238-9845-0 (Czech).
  • Johannes Jetschgo: Škoda. A car makes history . Vitalis, Prague 2019, ISBN 978-3-89919-651-1 .

Web links

Commons : Škoda vehicles  - collection of images

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