A commercial vehicle (Nfz), also commercial vehicle (Nkw), is a motor vehicle which, according to its design and equipment, is intended for the transport of people or goods, or for pulling trailers , but is not a motorcycle , but for example an omnibus , a truck , a tractor or a crane truck .
History of commercial vehicles
The history of commercial vehicles begins with the invention of the wheel around 5000 BC. The manufacture of carts and carriages over the millennia represents a prerequisite for the invention of motorized commercial vehicles as the history of the commercial vehicle trade. Their historical development since the invention of buses and trucks is varied and changeable. It began with the motorized commercial vehicle development in 1895, quickly became an important factor in industrial history and ensured that the commercial vehicle industry is still an economically important branch of the economy.
Use of commercial vehicles
Commercial vehicles are mainly used in the commercial , agricultural and government sectors. Special utility vehicles are also used by emergency services of the police and the fire brigade as well as organizations such as the THW used.
Commercial vehicles can participate in public road traffic with a necessary vehicle registration. Commercial vehicles designed exclusively for work are brought to their place of use with low loaders or other means of transport.
Tax treatment of commercial vehicles
Forms of commercial vehicles
Commercial vehicles for passenger transport
Commercial vehicles for passenger transport are used in local public transport as well as in public long-distance passenger transport, as well as by private passenger transport companies and commercial enterprises.
Examples of commercial vehicles for passenger transport:
Commercial vehicles for transporting loads
Commercial vehicles for hauling loads come in many different forms. Light commercial vehicles are often used to transport the material requirements of a craft business, for example, or for post delivery operations, while heavy-duty traffic requires special truck- based commercial vehicles that have a suitable vehicle body . There are also commercial vehicles for the transport of liquids and gases . You must comply with the rules of the Freight Transport Act. In Germany, drivers have to comply with the Professional Driver Qualification Act (BKrFQG) . Some commercial vehicles for transporting loads have facilities for loading the goods on board ( tail lift , crane, mini forklift, suction pump, etc.).
Examples of commercial vehicles for transporting loads:
- Box van
- Pickup truck
Commercial vehicles for emergency services
Examples of utility vehicles used by the emergency services:
- Fire engine
- Equipment vehicles of the THW (GKW)
- Ambulance vehicles (KTW)
- Team transport vehicle (MTF)
- Emergency ambulance (NAW)
- Ambulance (RTW)
Other types of commercial vehicles
Examples in construction and for other types of commercial vehicles:
- Portal: car and motorcycle
- Topic list road traffic
- Commercial vehicle manufacturer
- Economic figures on the automobile
- List of commercial vehicle manufacturers
- List of tractor brands
- List of construction machinery and construction equipment
- Commercial vehicles on the upswing - exports increase by 26% . Federal Statistical Office . September 22, 2010. Archived from the original on November 15, 2012. Retrieved on April 6, 2014.
- Photos of commercial vehicles , (private)