Škoda 742

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Škoda 105
Škoda 105
Type 742: 105/120/125/130 (1976–1990)
Type 746: 135/136 (1984–1990)
Production period: 1976-1990
Class : Middle class
Body versions : limousine
Petrol engines : 1.05–1.36 liters
(33.1–46 kW)
Length: 4160 mm
Width: 1595 mm
Height: 1400 mm
Wheelbase : 2400 mm
Empty weight : 850-915 kg
Previous model Škoda 100
successor Škoda favorite

The Škoda Type 742 is a model series from AZNP under the Škoda brand, which was built in different versions (105/120/125/130) from 1976 to 1990. The type designation 742 was only used internally. An improved further development of the type 742 was the type 746 in the years 1987 to 1990 with the model designations 135 and 136 with engines that were later also used in the Škoda Favorit and Škoda Felicia . The respective vehicle models in the series were given names that were derived from the cubic capacity.

Model history

The model was presented at the Brno Fair in 1976. While the external appearance appeared to be greatly changed and contemporary, Škoda stayed with the rear-engined concept on the drive side. Although it was possible to make a name for itself with success in motorsport, the rear engine for everyday passenger cars was considered out of date even then. It was a water-cooled rear engine with rear drive . Due to new safety regulations, the tank was relocated from the front under the back seat. A station wagon was still not part of the range, so the too small trunk remained a significant disadvantage of the Škoda. Another point of criticism was the swing axle that was still used .

The model series was revised in September 1983: the modernized design of the front and rear with wide headlights and voluminous plastic bumpers lowered the C w value . With the more economical engines, the economy of the vehicles increased. In addition, the driving behavior has been improved through a wider track and rack and pinion steering .

In September 1984 production of the models with 130, 135 and 136 engines began. The Škoda 130 LR racing car , which replaced the Škoda 130 RS , also appeared in 1984 . Like its predecessor, it reached 220 km / h, but was not available to the general public.

In 1990, series production of the similar Škoda Rapid with what was then the most powerful rear engine was discontinued. Until 1994 the type 742 was still manufactured by hand in Mladá Boleslav from existing spare parts. The type 742 ended the rear-engined era at Škoda.

Several detailed changes in the front and rear of the vehicles make early and late models appear quite different.

Equipment variants

Škoda 105 S, 105 L, 105 GL, 105 SP (type 742)

  • Škoda 105 S - standard , simplest equipment variant - vehicles have no trim; Rubber mats; Windows in the back doors cannot be rolled down; the front seat backs cannot be adjusted. Up to 8/83 round headlights (from 10/81 170 mm light aperture). Initially with a belt tachometer; from 11/79 with hazard warning lights. The output of the 1046 cm³ engine fell in 10/83 from 34 kW to 33.1 kW. The engine was considered economical, but had little traction reserves. Manufactured from August 1976 to August 30th 1986.
  • Škoda 105 L - de Luxe - carpet mats, hand rests, all windows can be cranked down, round instruments, the body has chrome trim. However, some details were only available at an additional cost. From 10/81 with oval headlights. The engine was identical to that of the 105 S. Manufactured from 1976 to 1988. Most common model in the 105 series.
  • Škoda 105 GL - Grand de Luxe , luxury version - square headlights, chrome trim on the grille, rear and window frames. Vehicles had a brake booster, there were headrests in the interior. Only a few copies of the GL were made, it was produced from March 1981 to June 1983 in Vrchlabí .

The Škoda 105 series was the first of the 742 series.

105 models exported to France had to be renamed 1050 as Peugeot had protected the number 105 .

  • Year of construction: 1976–1989
  • Engine: four-stroke gasoline engine, water-cooled, in-line four-cylinder OHV, lengthways
  • Displacement: 1046 cm³
  • Power: 33.1 kW (44.6 HP) at 4800 min -1 (up to 10/84: 34 kW (46 HP))
  • Weight: 855 to 915 kg
  • Speed: 130 km / h
  • Consumption: 6.3 to 9.5 liters per 100 km
  • Vehicles produced: 840,561 units

Škoda 120 L, 120 LX, 120 LE, 120 GL, 120 LS, 120 GLS, 125 L (type 742)

These basically better equipped models had a little more displacement and power, which makes the vehicles more spirited and also suitable as towing vehicles for trailer operation. As with the smaller engines, there was a slight power reduction in 9/84. There were several modernizations within the production process.

  • Škoda 120 L Externally identical to the 105 L. Technically, it has the larger engine and a brake booster (from 10/81).
  • Škoda 120 LS Differences from the 120 L: Up to 8/83 with double headlights. Integrated headrests at the front, roller belts at the front, heated rear window, interval switching for windshield wipers and electronic tachometer , performance-enhanced engine with oil cooler.
  • Škoda 120 LX Differences to 120 LS: Five-speed gearbox, manufactured from 9/84.
  • Škoda 120 GLS Differences to the 120 LS: Initially chrome-plated headlight surround and grill, lockable glove compartment, center console, plenty of insulation material
  • Year of construction: 1976–1990
  • Engine: four-stroke gasoline engine, water-cooled, inline four-cylinder OHV, rear-mounted engine
  • Displacement: 1174 cm³
  • Power: 36.7 kW (49.5 HP) at 4200 min -1 (8/83 to 38.3 kW (52 hp)) (120, 120 L, 120 LE, 120 GL); 40.5 kW (54.6 HP) at 5200 min -1 (10/83 to 43 kW (58 HP)) (120 LS, GLS 120, 120 LX 125 L)
  • Weight: Empty weight according to equipment 855 to 915 kg
  • Speed: 140 km / h (120, 120 L, 120 LE, 120 GL), 150 km / h (120 LS, GLS)
  • Consumption: 6.4 to 9.7 liters per 100 km
  • Vehicles produced: 1,070,693 (Škoda 120), 50,041 (Škoda 125 L)

Škoda 130 L, 130 GL, 135 L, 136 L (type 742)

In Great Britain this range was called the Škoda Estelle.

  • Škoda 130 L engine with more displacement and slightly more power, five-speed gearbox, manufactured from 9/1984
  • Year of construction: 1984–1990
  • Engine: four-stroke gasoline engine, water-cooled, inline four-cylinder OHV, rear-mounted engine
  • Displacement: 1289 cm³
  • Output: 43 kW at 5000 min −1 (130, 135) 46 kW at 5000 min −1 (136)
  • Weight: 855 to 890 kg
  • Speed: 150 km / h
  • Consumption: 5.8 to 8.9 liters per 100 km (130) 5.7 to 8.9 liters per 100 km (135, 136)
  • Vehicles produced: 50,819 (Škoda 130, 135), (1,631 Škoda 136)
  • Special: Between 1991 and 1994, spare parts were assembled into cars by hand in Mladá Boleslav; these cars have favorite engines and body panels from the past 20 years, including the 1100-MB . These models are difficult to distinguish.
  • A risk of confusion with respect to the designation with the Skoda RS 130, however, a variant of the Skoda 110 R represents.

Škoda Rapid (type 742)

Škoda 136 LR (type 745)

Škoda 136 LR (1984)

The 136 LR is a rally version.

  • Year of construction: 12 / 1984–1988
  • Engine: four-stroke gasoline engine, water-cooled, inline four-cylinder OHV, rear engine longitudinally, Weber carburetor
  • Displacement: 1289 cm³
  • Power: 64 HP at 6000 min -1 , to 129 hp at 8000 min -1
  • Dimensions: 4200 mm × 1610 mm × 1400 mm
  • Speed: up to 220 km / h
  • Body: self-supporting, roll cage
  • Vehicles produced: State-approved series of 200 pieces


BAZ Furgonet

In the course of the production time, several prototypes were created , for example the BAZ Furgonet from the factory in Bratislava around 1983 , a panel van with a rear engine. It had a tailgate, but due to the position of the engine, it had a very high loading sill. Therefore, the vehicle was also given a side door.

A prototype with a front engine was also created based on the 120. Internally, the project was called Škoda Ortodox .

Common features

Together with the series Škoda 742 of Furgonet has a self-supporting body and the water-cooled four-cylinder - petrol engine in the rear. It works on the four-stroke principle and drives the rear wheels . The engine block is made of aluminum, has a timing chain and is installed lengthways in the rear.

Export to the GDR

The basic types Š 105 S / L as well as the upscale versions 120 L, LS and GLS were imported from the GDR, albeit to a decreasing extent. In the mid-1980s, only a few Škodas came into the country. The basic equipment as the Š 105 S cost 15,915 marks from the GDR in 1978 and the top model 120 GLS at the time cost 21,935 marks (1980). The declining import figures were not due to the unpopularity of these Škoda models, but to the cooling economic relationship with the ČSSR. The share of Škodas in the GDR passenger car population decreased from 10.0% in 1980 to 7.4% in 1990.


  • New addition to the family - New Škoda Coupe Rapid and further developments of the 105/120 series. In: Motor-Jahr 1983, pp. 57–65.
  • Guide to Skoda transpress, 1st edition 1986

Web links

Commons : Škoda 742  - collection of pictures

Individual evidence

  1. Ratgeber Skoda transpress, 1st edition 1986, p. 9.
  2. sauto.cz: Info o modelu ( Memento from November 21, 2010 in the Internet Archive )
  3. all data
  4. ^ Werner Oswald: Motor vehicles of the GDR. 2nd edition, 2000.
  5. ^ Peter Kirchberg: Plastics, sheet metal and planned economy. Nicolai-Verlag, 2000.