In a broader sense, the term Southern Europe also includes countries in Southeast Europe , in particular the Mediterranean countries Albania , Bosnia and Herzegovina , Croatia , Montenegro and Slovenia .
The Alpine arc is often mentioned as the border between southern Europe and central Europe, according to which southern Switzerland would also be included in southern Europe. The climatic limit is clearly noticeable at the Alpine crossings, e.g. B. St. Gotthard , San Bernardino .
In certain categorizations, Bulgaria , Kosovo , North Macedonia , Romania and Serbia are also included in Southern Europe. Under cultural spatial criteria, parts of southern France with Corsica can also be counted as southern Europe.
States of southern Europe
- Croatia (only Istria / Dalmatia )
- San Marino
- Vatican city
in a broader sense also:
- Bosnia and Herzegovina
- France (only parts of southern France and Corsica)
- North Macedonia
- Turkey ( Eastern Thrace only )
- Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus
Southern Europe according to the UN definition
According to the division of the United Nations Statistics Department, Southern Europe includes Albania, Andorra, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Gibraltar, Greece, Italy, Croatia, Malta, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Portugal, San Marino, Serbia, Slovenia, Spain and Vatican City.
- Thies Schulze: Conference report The South of Europe - Structural space, space of perception, space of action? February 10, 2005– February 12, 2005, Berlin, in: H-Soz-u-Kult, March 17, 2005 
- http://unstats.un.org/unsd/methods/m49/m49regin.htm#europe It should be noted that there is no category “Southeast Europe” here.