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'Freedom leads the people' by Eugène Delacroix (1830)
In France , the July revolution of 1830 led
to the overthrow of King Charles X and the beginning of the July monarchy .
King Louis-Philippe I.
Louis-Philippe I becomes
king of the French .
William IV
William IV becomes British King
and King of Hanover .
1830 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1278/79 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1822/23 (September 10-11)
Bengali solar calendar 1235/36 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2373/74 (southern Buddhism); 2372/73 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 75th (76th) cycle

Year of the Metal Tiger庚寅 ( at the beginning of the year Earth- Ox Jahres)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1192/93 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4163/64 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1208/09
Islamic calendar 1245/1246 (turn of the year June 21/22)
Jewish calendar 5590/91 (September 17/18)
Coptic calendar 1546/47 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 1005/06
Seleucid era Babylon: 2140/41 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2141/42 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1886/87 (April)

The year 1830 was marked by revolutionary movements in large parts of Europe. The French July Revolution , the Belgian Revolution and the Polish November Uprising went down in history as defining events . There were also unrest in German and Italian states. In Great Britain, under the new King William IV , a course of political reform gradually took hold. In the Balkans, the balance of power officially changed: while Greece was able to achieve full state sovereignty , the Ottoman sultan granted Serbia greater autonomy. The year 1830 marked the beginning of a new Indian policy in the United States of America that drove the indigenous people into reservations. On the border with Mexico, clashes between US settlers and Mexican soldiers increased as a result of a new immigration law. Without the foreign policy pressure from the Spanish colonial power, internal cohesion dwindled in the newly independent Greater Colombia . New states such as Venezuela and Ecuador split off from the state association. In 1830 the constitution of Uruguay, founded two years earlier, came into force. Chile experienced a civil war from which the conservative forces emerged stronger. As in the United States of America, the conflict between natives and settlers came to a head in Australia. The French conquest of Algeria began in Africa . In 1830, the Egyptian governor Muhammad Ali claimed hereditary rulers over Egypt and Syria. This policy led to a military escalation in the Middle East with the Ottoman Empire in the following years. Southeast Asia fell on the defensive against European colonial powers. While the Netherlands was able to crush an uprising in Java and consolidate its rule, the British East India Company continued to expand its illegal smuggling trade in opium in China . From a technical point of view, especially in Great Britain, the expansion of the railway network took on new dimensions.


Politics and world events


Great Britain


Conquest of Algeria
July Revolution
King Charles X of France
Louis-Philippe I, King of the French, swears the oath on the new constitution

Further revolutions in Europe in the wake of the July Revolution

German Confederation
Charles II of Braunschweig
  • From September onwards, popular uprisings took place in most of the Swiss cantons , overthrowing the aristocratic regimes and leading to liberal constitutions in around half of the cantons by 1831 .
Heinrich Fischer collects the first volunteers for the train to Aarau in front of his inn in Merenschwand.
November uprising in Poland
Capture of the Warsaw Arsenal

Russian Empire

Ottoman Empire

The disintegration of Greater Colombia

Juan José Flores
Greater Colombia and its successor state New Granada

Other events in America


science and technology


Opening trip of the L&MR



Visual arts

Freedom leads the people
The sons of Edward IV , Paul Delaroche


Music and theater

First page of the original manuscript



Main building of Tivoli with slide, Franz Wolf, 1830



nature and environment

  • At times, Lake Constance is completely frozen ( Seegfrörni ).


January February

Page from the church book with Antonie Biel's date of birth and baptism

March April

Paul Heyse, ca.1860

May June

July August

Self-portrait Camille Pissarro , 1873
Archduchess Sophie with the two-year-old Franz Joseph

September October

Isabella of Spain with about 5 years

November December

Exact date of birth unknown


January to April

May to August

George IV

September to December

Simón Bolívar

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1830  - collection of images, videos and audio files