Johannes Vahlen (born September 27, 1830 in Bonn , † November 30, 1911 in Berlin ) was a German classical philologist .
Vahlen studied classical philology at the Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn . With a dissertation on Ennius doctorate he 1852 Dr. phil. His doctoral supervisor was Friedrich Ritschl .
Since 1854 habilitation , Vahlen in November 1856 an associate professor at the Silesian Friedrich-Wilhelms-University of Breslau . In April 1858 he moved to the Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg as a full professor and one semester later to the University of Vienna . After 16 years he left Vienna and in 1874 went to the Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Berlin . As the successor to Moriz Haupt , he led the Philological Seminar with Adolf Kirchhoff . In the academic year 1886/1887 he was rector of the university. From 1902 Vahlen headed the seminar alone until 1906 he ceded the leadership to Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff , Hermann Diels and Eduard Norden . Vahlen held lectures until 1907 .
Vahlen was a member of the Vienna Academy of Sciences from 1862 , where he was secretary of the philosophical-historical class from 1869 to 1874. In 1874 he also became a member of the Royal Prussian Academy of Sciences , from 1893 until his death in 1911 again as secretary of the philosophical-historical class. He was a full member of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences .
In his publications Vahlen a. a. with early Roman poetry (he edited the fragments of Ennius and Naevius ) and with the poetics of Aristotle .
Vahlen's younger brother was the publisher Franz Vahlen , his sons the mathematician Theodor Vahlen and the pharmacologist Ernst Vahlen .
His students included the philologists Oskar Froehde , Alois Goldbacher , Paul Graffunder , Rudolf Helm , Wilhelm Heraeus , Carl Holzinger , Bernhard Kübler , Otto Plasberg , Richard Reitzenstein , Max Rothstein , Max Rubensohn , Rudolf Sydow , Emil Thomas and Friedrich Vollmer .
Johannes Vahlen died in Berlin in 1911 at the age of 81. He was buried in the Old Twelve Apostles Cemetery in Schöneberg . The grave has not been preserved.
Vahlen's library was acquired by the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in 1913 , as was Wilhelm Dittenberger's in 1907 . Together, the two libraries form the Dittenberger-Vahlen Collection of Classical Texts, with over 15,000 books and over 17,000 offprints. With financial support from the National Endowment for the Humanities , the university began digitizing this inventory in 2000 .
- Constantin von Wurzbach : Vahlen, Johann . In: Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich . 49th part. Kaiserlich-Königliche Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, Vienna 1884, pp. 191–197 ( digitized version ).
- Festschrift dedicated to Johannes Vahlen on the occasion of his seventieth birthday by his students . Berlin 1900 ( archive.org ).
- Ulrich von Wilamowitz-Moellendorff : Commemorative speech on Johannes Vahlen . Meeting reports of the Royal Prussian Academy of Sciences 1912 II, pp. 617–622.
- Emil Thomas: Vahlen, Johannes. In: Biographisches Jahrbuch und Deutscher Nekrolog , 16, 1914, pp. 236–247.
- Franz Römer : Vahlen Johannes. In: Austrian Biographical Lexicon 1815–1950 (ÖBL). Volume 15, Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vienna 1957–2013, p. 150 f. (Direct links on p. 150 , p. 151 ).
- German biographical encyclopedia , Vol. 10. Munich 1999, p. 176.
- Björn Biester, Steven E. Peck: The Purchase of the Johannes Vahlen Library by the University of Illinois in 1913 and the Role of William A. Oldfather: Unpublished Documents . In: Illinois Classical Studies . Volume 30, 2005, pp. 213-228.
- Wilt Aden Schröder : Vahlen, Johannes. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 26, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2016, ISBN 978-3-428-11207-5 , pp. 687-689 ( digitized version ).
- Literature by and about Johannes Vahlen in the catalog of the German National Library
- Entries on Johannes Vahlen in the digital collections of the HU Berlin
- Information Dittenberger-Vahlen Collection of Classical Texts (English)
- ^ Hans-Jürgen Mende: Lexicon of Berlin burial places . Pharus-Plan, Berlin 2018, ISBN 978-3-86514-206-1 , p. 757.
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German classical philologist|
|DATE OF BIRTH||September 27, 1830|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Bonn|
|DATE OF DEATH||November 30, 1911|
|Place of death||Berlin|