Friedrich Ritschl

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Friedrich Ritschl (engraving by Adolf Hohneck , 1844)

Friedrich Wilhelm Ritschl (born April 6, 1806 in Großvargula , Principality of Erfurt , † November 9, 1876 in Leipzig ) was a German classical philologist in Halle, Breslau, Bonn and Leipzig. He is considered to be the founder of the Bonn School of Classical Philology, which was primarily devoted to textual criticism. He researched the basics of Old Latin and wrote a barely manageable abundance of works on the languages, culture and poets of antiquity.


Friedrich Ritschl was the son of a Protestant pastor. His ancestors came from the originally Bohemian knight family Ritschl von Hartenbach . He attended high schools in Erfurt and Wittenberg and from 1825 studied philology at the University of Leipzig , where he was active in the Corps Lusatia . In 1826 he moved to the Friedrichs University in Halle . She obtained his doctorate in 1829 as Dr. phil. At the age of 27 he was appointed professor at the Silesian Friedrich Wilhelms University . A long study trip to Italy in 1836/37 was formative for him , during which he found a holistic approach to the culture, art and language of antiquity beyond philology . In spring 1839 he went to the Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität .

There he taught classical philology for almost 26 years . In 1846/47 he was the rector of the university. He dominated the philological faculty, which he headed nominally together with Friedrich Gottlieb Welcker . As Welcker's successor, he took over the university library in 1854. In the same year he was elected a corresponding member of the Göttingen Academy of Sciences . With Otto Jahn he directed the Academic Art Museum Bonn until 1861 . The reputation of its seminars attracted many students who later became famous scholars themselves. In 1868 Ritschl was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences .

His outstanding students in Bonn and later in Leipzig included u. a Otto Benndorf , Jacob Bernays , Franz Bücheler , Georg Curtius , Wolfgang Hubner , Wilhelm Ihne , Franz Emil Jungmann , Karl Heinrich Keck , Ottokar Lorenz , Friedrich Nietzsche , Otto Ribbeck , August Schleicher , Heinrich Stürenburg , Johannes Vahlen , Diederich Volkmann and Ernst Windisch .

After conflicts with Otto Jahn and Friedrich Gottlieb Welcker , which went down in the history of the University of Bonn as the " Bonn Philological War " and became a political issue with regard to the appointment negotiations for his successor, he left the Prussian Bonn in 1865 and took a professorship at the university in the Kingdom of Saxony Leipzig . His best-known student, in Bonn and Leipzig, was Friedrich Nietzsche, whose academic career he particularly encouraged and who he helped to obtain his first professorship in Basel . Friedrich Ritschl taught in Leipzig until 1875 and died there at the age of 70.

His collection of around 6,000 doctoral theses on ancient studies was donated to the Cambridge University Library in 1878 , where it forms the Ritschl Collection .



Web links

Commons : Friedrich Wilhelm Ritschl  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikisource: Friedrich Ritschl  - Sources and full texts

Individual evidence

  1. Steffen Raßloff : A great philologist. FW Ritschl and Erfurt . In: Thuringian General . December 28, 2013 ( online in [accessed December 28, 2013]).
  2. Kösener Corp lists 1960, 3/227
  3. Dissertation: Commentationis de Agathonis vita, arte et tragoediarum reliquiis particula .
  4. Holger Krahnke: The members of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen 1751-2001 (= Treatises of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen, Philological-Historical Class. Volume 3, Vol. 246 = Treatises of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen, Mathematical-Physical Class. Episode 3, vol. 50). Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 2001, ISBN 3-525-82516-1 , p. 202.
  5. ^ Paul Egon Huebinger : Heinrich von Sybel and the Bonner Philologenkrieg . In: Historisches Jahrbuch 83 (1964), pp. 164-216.
  6. Fabian Handbook of the Historical Book Holdings online