Franz Passow

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Franz Passow

Franz Ludwig Carl Friedrich Passow (born September 20, 1786 in Ludwigslust , † March 11, 1833 in Breslau ) was a German classical philologist .


Franz Passow was the eldest child (of a total of 13) of the Mecklenburg-Schwerin consistorial councilor , superintendent and court preacher Moritz Passow (1753-1830) and his wife Wilhelmine Margaretha, nee. Beust. Karl Friedrich Passow (1798-1860), later a lecturer at the Joachimsthalschen Gymnasium , was a younger brother.

After finishing school in his hometown (partly also by private tutors), Passow came to the Illustre grammar school in Gotha at the age of 16 in 1802 and stayed there for two years. His teachers there included u. a. Friedrich Jacobs .

In 1804, at the age of 18, Passow began to study theology at the University of Leipzig . According to his own statements, Gottfried Hermann (Greek) and Christian Daniel Beck (Latin) were particularly influential for him. With the support of his teachers, Passow made the acquaintance of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe in Halle (Saale) in 1805 on the occasion of an invitation from the ancient scholar Friedrich August Wolf . At this time Passow was already studying philology - influenced by Herrmann. Sponsored and supported by Goethe, he got a job as a professor of Greek at the Wilhelm-Ernst-Gymnasium in Weimar . Passow left the university without a degree and took up this position in May 1807.

In 1810, Passow was appointed to the Conradinum in Jenkau near Danzig as deputy director Reinhold Bernhard Jachmann . When the Conradinum was closed in 1814 as a result of the Wars of Liberation , Passow went to Berlin to continue studying with FA Wolf. In 1815, Passow accepted a position as a full professor of classical studies at the University of Breslau . That year he also received an honorary doctorate from Berlin University.

In 1808 Passow married Luise Wichmann, the daughter of Christian Rudolf Karl Wichmann , in Gotha and had a son with her, Wilhelm Arthur Passow (1814–1864). Passow's wife died in 1814 and after two years of mourning he married Christine, a daughter of the literary historian Ludwig Wachler, in Breslau in 1816 . With her he had four daughters and three sons; including Rosa, who later became the wife of the lawyer Adalbert Falk .

In 1829 Passow was entrusted with the management of the Breslau Academic Art Museum . After some preparatory work, his main work was also created in Breslau: the concise dictionary of the Greek language , which was a fundamental revision of the dictionary by Johann Gottlob Theaenus Schneider . Passow's concise dictionary in turn formed the basis for the Greek-English Lexicon by Henry George Liddell and Robert Scott .

In addition to his actual work as a teacher, Passow was also very active politically. Together with his colleague Jachmann, Passow published the journal Archive of German National Education in 1812 . In 1819/20 he was "on record" together with Christian Wilhelm Harnisch and Hans Ferdinand Maßmann as a gymnast friend during the Breslau gymnastics feud .

Passow also made a name for himself as a translator of Greek and Latin classics. In 1829 he published the Museum criticum Vratislaviense together with Karl Ernst Christoph Schneider .

After a short, serious illness, Franz Passow died at the age of 46.


as an author
  • Basics of Greek and Roman literary history. Dümmler, Berlin 1816. 2nd edition 1829.
  • To justify my gymnastics life and my gymnastics goal . Max publisher, Breslau 1818.
  • Gymnastics goal. Gymnasts and gymnasts . Max publisher, Breslau 1818.
  • Installation dimensions . Rückmann Verlag, Leipzig 1826.
  • The teaching of the time mass of the Greek language . Vogel, Leipzig 1827 (6 plates)
  • Opuscula academica . Vogel, Breslau 1835 (Ed. Johann Nikolaus Bach )
  • Franz Passow's mixed up writings . Brockhaus, Leipzig 1843 (Ed .: Wilhelm Arthur Passow )
  • Concise dictionary of the Greek language . Volume I, 1-II, 2. 1819–1823 ( Johann Gottlob Schneider's Concise Dictionary of the Greek Language ); 4th edition 1831; 5th edition, revised by Valentin Chr. Fr. Rost , Friedrich Palm , Otto Kreussler, Karl Keil, Ferdinand Peter and GE Benseler , in 2 volumes. Vogel, Leipzig 1841–1857; New prints Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, Darmstadt 1993, ISBN 3-534-04352-9 , and 2008.
as editor
  • Archive of German National Education . Sauer & Auvermann, Frankfurt / M. 1969 (Repr. Of the Berlin 1812 edition)
  • Museum criticum Vratislaviense
  • Corpus scriptorum eroticorum graecorum . Teubner, Leipzig 1811 (Greek-German)
  1. Parthenios of Nicaea : Erotica pathemata
  2. Xenophon of Ephesus : Ephesiaka
as translator


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