A Greek-English Lexicon

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A Greek-English Lexicon (in German: 'A Greek-English Lexicon') is an ancient Greek- English dictionary that is considered the standard work of its kind, not only in English-speaking countries. It is called "Liddell-Scott-Jones" or "LSJ" for short (formerly "Liddell & Scott") after its founders, the British classical philologists Henry George Liddell and Robert Scott , and the postprocessor Henry Stuart Jones Technical literature cited.


The lexicon was created as a revision of the concise dictionary of the Greek language by Franz Passow , the processing of which came to a standstill after Passow's death in 1833. The Oxford classical philologists Henry George Liddell (1811–1898) and Robert Scott (1811–1887) brought out seven editions of their dictionary (1843, 1845, 1849, 1855, 1861, 1869 and 1882) together with Oxford University Press . The Latin Dictionary by Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short, completed in 1879, was also created at the same time . In 1843, at the same time as the first edition of the large and based on it, a very useful student lexicon appeared, the so-called 'little Liddell' ("A Lexicon. Abridged from Liddell and Scott's Greek-English Lexicon"), which has seen several new editions as well as countless new editions is still tangible today. In addition, the seventh edition (1882) appeared in 1889 in abbreviated form as An Intermediate Greek-English Lexicon and serves as a concise dictionary . After Scott's death, Liddell obtained the eighth edition of the great lexicon in 1897 alone. After his own death in 1898, this edition was reprinted in 1901 and 1908.

In 1911 Henry Stuart Jones (1867–1939) and Roderick McKenzie took over the editing and in 1922 and 1928 further new editions of the eighth edition appeared. A foreword written in 1925 acknowledges the services of Liddell and Scott.

After the death of Jones' assistant McKenzie (1937) and then of Jones himself (1939), the ninth edition of the lexicon, which they had worried about, appeared in 1940 with the foreword from 1925, which, however, appended a list of entries to be corrected and added. In 1968 this was incorporated into an attached supplement that was edited by Martin L. West . In 1981, PGW Glare became editor of the supplement that had already edited the Oxford Latin Dictionary . Anne A. Thompson has been co-editor since 1988. The editors of the supplement work with a code machine that differentiates between corrections, additions and deletions from the ninth edition. The most recent edition of the supplement is that of 1996; however, the main text of the lexicon remains that of the ninth edition, which is cited with the international bibliographical abbreviation LSJ. In the 1996 supplement foreword, the editors announced that they would in future integrate entries in Linear B based on the interpretation by Michael Ventris .


Due to its position as the most comprehensive, unrivaled ancient Greek-English dictionary, the Liddell-Scott-Jones is a unique work of its kind and has received reception far beyond the English-speaking world. It serves as a template for the current Diccionario Griego-Español . Since Passow's dictionary was abandoned in the middle of the 19th century, no Greek dictionary of equal rank has appeared in German-speaking countries, while the comprehensive Latin-German concise dictionary by Karl Ernst Georges has been the standard work for the Latin language since the beginning of the 20th century. In the absence of an equivalent comprehensive dictionary, the Liddell-Scott-Jones is also used in German-speaking countries, even if smaller German-Greek dictionaries have appeared, such as the Greek-German school dictionary by Hermann Menge  or the Greek-German school and manual dictionary by Wilhelm Gemoll .


  • Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott: A Greek-English lexicon. Clarendon Press, Oxford 1843; 9th edition, obtained from Henry Stuart Jones with Roderick McKenzie, ibid. 1940; numerous reprints there since 1948; 7. Anastatic reprint, with A supplement by EA Barber with the participation of P. Maas , M. Scheller and ML West, ibid 1968; several reprints up to 1996, ISBN 0-19-864226-1 .


  • John AL Lee: Releasing Liddell-Scott from its past. In: Christopher Stray (Ed.): Classical Dictionaries. Past, present and future. Duckworth, London 2010, pp. 119-138
  • Christopher Stray : Liddell and Scott: Myths and Markets. In: Christopher Stray (Ed.): Classical Dictionaries. Past, present and future. Duckworth, London 2010, pp. 94-118
  • Christopher Stray, Michael Clarke, Joshua Timothy Katz (Eds.): Liddell and Scott: the history, methodology, and languages ​​of the world's leading lexicon of Ancient Greek. Oxford University Press, Oxford, New York 2019.

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Additional information
Wikisource: Foreword to the seventh edition  - sources and full texts (English)