Henry George Liddell

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Henry George Liddell

Henry George Liddell (born February 6, 1811 in Bishop Auckland , County Durham , † January 18, 1898 in Ascot , Berkshire ) was a British classical scholar and lexicographer .


Liddell came from the family of the Baronets of Ravensworth Castle ; his father, Henry Liddell, was the younger brother of the title heir and Tory politician Sir Thomas Liddell, 6th Baronet , who was raised to Baron Ravensworth in 1821 . Henry George Liddell was educated at the Charterhouse School and Christ Church , Oxford , where he graduated with honors in 1833. He obtained his university degree in 1838.

He was head of Westminster School from 1846 to 1855 and Vice Chancellor of Oxford University from 1870 to 1874 .

Liddell married Lorina Reeve on July 2, 1846, with whom he had ten children. Their daughter Alice Pleasance Liddell (1852-1934) served Lewis Carroll as inspiration for his story Alice in Wonderland .


Liddell wrote a History of Rome (1857) together with Robert Scott A Greek-English Lexicon , the first edition of which appeared in 1843. Another five editions appeared in 1845, 1849, 1855, 1861 and 1869. The work is a parallel to the Latin Dictionary by Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short. The last edition Liddell saw was the eighth in 1897. To date, the lexicon has been revised many times and is an important dictionary not only in English-speaking countries.

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