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Theodore Roosevelt and his Rough Riders on top of San Juan Hill
Theodore Roosevelt and his Rough Riders storm San Juan Hill
in the Spanish-American War .
Émile Zola's letter J'accuse (I accuse)
Émile Zola publishes his open letter J'accuse
on the Dreyfus affair .
First edition of War of the Worlds
HG Wells writes the novel War of the Worlds .
The assassination attempt on Empress Elisabeth
Luigi Lucheni murders the Austrian Empress Elisabeth
with a file.
1898 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1346/47 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1890/91 (September 10-11)
Baha'i calendar 54/55 (March 20/21)
Bengali solar calendar 1303/04 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2441/42 (southern Buddhism); 2440/41 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 76th (77th) cycle

Year of the earth dog戊戌 ( at the beginning of the year fire rooster 丁酉)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1260/61 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4231/32 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1276/77 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 1315/16 (May 21/22)
Japanese calendar Meiji 31 ( 明治 31 年 );
Kōki 2558
Jewish calendar 5658/59 (September 16-17)
Coptic calendar 1614/15 (10/11 September)
Malayalam calendar 1073/74
Rumi Calendar (Ottoman Empire) 1313/14 (March 1st)
Seleucid era Babylon: 2208/09 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2209/10 (New Year October)

Suriyakati Calendar (Thai Solar Calendar) 2440/41 (April 1)
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1954/55 (April)


Politics and world events

Spanish-American War and Filipino Revolution

Maine wreck in Havana harbor
Battle of Manila Bay, contemporary illustration

United States of America / Hawaii

United States after the annexation of Hawaii

German Empire

Result of the Reichstag election in 1898 according to constituencies




Other events in Europe

Queen Wilhelmina in coronation regalia
Lucheni's police files



After the battle of Atbara
The Battle of Omdurman, British contemporary illustration



Poster of the anniversary exhibition
  • May 7. bis 18th October : The anniversary exhibition in 1898 at the Vienna Rotunda area is on the occasion of the 50th jubilee Emperor Franz Joseph I organized. The exposition is divided into a commercial and an agricultural and forestry exhibition and presents the latest achievements of industrialization, but also allows a review of the developments of the previous five decades. There are also 30 temporary special exhibitions, such as the small car exhibition of the newly founded Austrian Automobile Club . The Urania Theater is being built by the Syndikat Wiener Urania association, which was founded in the previous year , as the future education center.
Poster of the salon

Patents and trademarks

  • July 9 : The “Flora” brand for margarine is entered in the German commercial register.
  • August 13 : The Imperial Patent Office granted Ferdinand Graf von Zeppelin , the patent number 98590 for a dirigible Luftfahrzug with several successively arranged supporting bodies . The draft for his rigid airship is thereby protected retrospectively to August 31, 1895.

Business start-ups

  • Foundation of the “Engineering Bureau for Cement-Iron Structures” by the Swiss engineer Eduard Züblin in Strasbourg / Alsace
  • The Edeka group is created through the merger of 21 purchasing associations from the German Empire in the Hallesches Tor district in Berlin to form the purchasing cooperative of the grocery stores.
  • Founding of the company " Renault Frères" (Renault brothers) by Louis, Fernand and Marcel Renault in France
  • Foundation of the later company Schmalbach-Lubeca in Braunschweig
  • The German shoe factory ilmia is founded in Stadtilm in Thuringia .


science and technology



The Southern Cross research vessel on the Derwent River before departing for Antarctica

Natural sciences

  • The last living specimen of the royal clothes bird is sighted in Hawaii.
  • First publication of the textbook “Guidelines for the zoological internship” by Willy Kükenthal . (Continued to this day: 26th edition 2009.)


Visual arts


Music and theater

The second Royal Opera at the end of the 19th century.
The anniversary city theater at the time it opened, 1898
  • December 14 : The Vienna Volksoper opens under the name Kaiser-Jubiläums-Stadttheater on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the throne of Franz Joseph I. The emperor stayed away from the opening because of the murder of his wife.




  • July 4th : The French passenger steamer La Bourgogne is rammed by an English sailing ship in the fog on the coast of Nova Scotia and sinks. Of the 730 people on board, only 165 survive.
  • October 13 : The British liner Mohegan rams a reef off the coast of Cornwall and sinks within 12 minutes. 106 people die. It is the greatest accident in the history of the Atlantic Transport Line .
  • November 26th : The American liner Portland sinks off Cape Ann in a severe storm that struck the New England coast and claimed more than 450 lives . All 192 people on board are killed. The storm is therefore called The Portland Gale (roughly "The Portland Storm").

Minor accidents are listed in the sub-articles of Catastrophe .

nature and environment


Historical maps and views

Brixen around 1898



Jan Cyž
Sergei Eisenstein


Bertolt Brecht, 1954
Leó Szilárd, 1960
Enzo Ferrari


Zhou Enlai, 1946




García Lorca, 1932
Erich Maria Remarque, 1929




Howard Walter Florey
George Gershwin, 1937



Liú Shàoqí
Karl Ziegler
Memorial to C. S. Lewis by Ross Wilson in Belfast


Exact date of birth unknown


January to March

Lewis Carroll

April to June

July to September

Otto von Bismarck, 1886
Theodor Fontane, 1883

October to December

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1898  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files