Karl Gustav von Sandrart

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Karl Gustav von Sandrart (born June 9, 1817 in Stettin , † January 27, 1898 in Hanover ) was a Prussian infantry general .



Karl Gustav was the son of the Prussian general of the cavalry Wilhelm von Sandrart (1773-1859) and his wife Elisabeth Auguste, nee Meister (1792-1858).

Military career

Sandrart attended the Marienstiftsgymnasium in his hometown and joined the Prussian Army on November 15, 1833 as a volunteer with the 2nd Infantry Regiment . On November 23, 1835, he was promoted to secondary lieutenant and as such Sandrart was commanded for further training from October 8, 1839 to July 31, 1842 at the General War School. He took part in the street fight in Berlin in 1848 and later in the Schleswig-Holstein War . There he was involved in the battles at Bau , Schleswig , Kolding and Fridericia. During the fighting at Hadersleben he was shot in the thigh and was awarded the Order of the Red Eagle, IV class with swords. In 1852 he was promoted to captain and soon afterwards transferred to the general staff as surveying conductor. In 1856 he was promoted to major .

Sandrart gained international experience in Morocco in 1859/60 , where he was commanded to the staff of the Spanish General O'Donnell and experienced the battle at Samsa and Vad Râs as well as the battle at Tetuan .

In 1863 he was promoted to colonel , in 1864 appointed commander of the 2nd Pomeranian Infantry Regiment No. 9 , with which he took part in the battles near Gitschin and Königgrätz in the German War in 1866 . On October 30, 1866, he was relieved of his post under position à la suite and charged with commanding the 23rd Infantry Brigade . With his promotion to major general on December 31, 1866, he was appointed brigade commander.

With the beginning of the Franco-Prussian War he was commissioned on July 18, 1870 with the leadership of the 9th Division , with which he took part in the Battle of Wörth , the Battle of Sedan and the Battle of Mont Valérien . In this role he gained recognition from his commanding general , Hugo von Kirchbach , and the Prussian Crown Prince Friedrich . For his services to the Crown Prince sought with report of 3 February 1871, William I of Sandrart the Order Pour le Mérite . The report says:

... if I link this proposal with the regular request that the following officers ... 2. the major general and commander of the 9th Infantry Division Karl von Sandrart ... the medal plm most graciously bestowed ... I believe that this is just an act of fair recognition of the brave V Corps to meet, which has taken such a successful share in the glorious successes of the campaign so far ... from the day of Weissenburg to the battle of Mont Valerien on the 19th of last month ... It owes it ... to his commanding generals ...

By the very highest cabinet order of February 15, 1871 to the high command of the III. In the army, King Sandrart awarded the highest Prussian bravery award.

After the war, Sandrart became commander of the 30th division on March 20, 1871 , which was set up in the new empire of Alsace-Lorraine . Shortly afterwards, on August 18, 1871, he was promoted to lieutenant general . He gave up command from October 10, 1873 and then took over the 10th Division . In this position he received the Order of the Red Eagle First Class with oak leaves and swords on the ring in January 1875 on the occasion of the festival of the Order and on September 18, 1875 the Cross and Star of the Commander of the Royal House Order of Hohenzollern . Although intended to take over an army corps, Wilhelm I had reservations about handing him over this post, since Sandrart had suffered a stroke in 1879 . The king therefore transferred him to the officers of the army on January 13, 1880 and granted him six months' leave to restore his health. Since his health did not improve, Sandrart was on 15 July 1880 with the character as General of Infantry and the statutory board for disposition made.

He died in Hanover in 1898 and was buried at the side of his wife in Koblenz .


Sandrart married Wilhelmine Ida Rosa Blanka von Hirschfeld (1828-1897) on November 7, 1861 in Koblenz. She was the daughter of General of the Infantry Moritz von Hirschfeld . The marriage resulted in three daughters:

  • Waltraut Ida Auguste (* 1862) ⚭ January 5, 1888 in Hanover Eugen von Hirschfeld , Prussian general
  • Viola Sarah Blanka (* 1864) ⚭ September 17, 1885 Adolf von Kritter (185–1899), Prussian major, son of the Prussian Lieutenant General Adolf von Kritter
  • Maria Blanka (1865–1873)



Individual evidence

  1. ^ Gustav Lehmann: The knights of the order pour le merite. Volume II, p. 517, No. 213, Mittler, Berlin 1913.