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Szczecin Coat of Arms
Szczecin Szczecin (Poland)
Szczecin Szczecin
Basic data
State : Poland
Voivodeship : West Pomerania
Powiat : District-free city
Area : 301.30  km²
Geographic location : 53 ° 25 '  N , 14 ° 33'  E Coordinates: 53 ° 25 '29 "  N , 14 ° 33' 19"  E
Height : 1 m npm
Residents : 402,067
(Jun. 30, 2019)
Postal code : 70-018 to 71-871
Telephone code : (+48) 91
License plate : ZS (old: SZ, SC, SM)
Economy and Transport
Street : DK 3 Świnoujście - Jakuszyce - CZ
A 6 D - Kołbaskowo –Stettin– Rzęśnica
DK 13 Szczecin - Rosówek - D
Rail route : Wrocław – Szczecin
Berlin – Szczecin
Next international airport : Szczecin-Goleniów
Gminatype: Borough
Surface: 301.30 km²
Residents: 402,067
(Jun. 30, 2019)
Population density : 1334 inhabitants / km²
Community number  ( GUS ): 3262011
Administration (as of 2006)
City President : Piotr Krzystek
Address: pl. Armii Krajowej 1
70-456 Szczecin
Website : (city administration) (official information portal )

Szczecin ( Polish: Szczecin [ ˈʂt͡ʂɛt͡ɕin ]; listen ? / I ) is the capital of the Polish West Pomeranian Voivodeship . The independent city with just under 410,000 inhabitants is the seventh largest city in Poland after Gdansk . It forms the focus of the German-Polish metropolitan area of ​​Szczecin with around 780,000 inhabitants, which is to be developed into a European metropolitan region with around one million inhabitants. Audio file / audio sample

With three state universities, the University of Szczecin , the Technical University of Szczecin and the Medical University of Szczecin , the university town is an important research and university location. In addition, numerous vocational schools, art academies and a private business school are located in Szczecin .

Historically, culturally and touristically significant landmarks of Szczecin include the Greifenschloss and St. James' Cathedral in the old town, the Philharmonic and the Hook Terrace with the National Museum . The city's best- known sports club is the Pogoń Stettin football club , and rowing is also very important .


Hook terrace ( Polish Wały Chrobrego ) on the west bank of the Oder

Szczecin is located near the southern Baltic coast at the mouth of the Oder in the Stettiner Haff , about 105 km southeast of Greifswald , 125 km northeast of Berlin and 151 km southwest of Koszalin ( Köslin ). The urban area borders with its suburbs in the west on the states of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania and Brandenburg . This makes Szczecin the largest city in this area of ​​Berlin, ahead of Magdeburg and Potsdam . The larger Leipzig is halfway further from Berlin.

Stettin and the Powiat Policki ( Pölitzer Kreis ), which is also west of the Oder, have belonged to Western Pomerania since the Peace of Westphalia in 1648 , but the cultural border between Western Pomerania and Western Pomerania lay further to the west. The "Stettiner Zipfel" created by the drawing of the border in 1945 had a precursor to the western expansion of Pomerania (since 1121). In the east, the urban area extends over the Oder. The part of the West Pomeranian Voivodeship to the east of the Oder comprises large parts of the historical Hinterpommern and the northern half of the former Neumark .

Traffic routes

As an old Hanseatic city, Szczecin has one of the largest seaports in the Baltic Sea region. It is u. a. It is also widely networked via the international airport Szczecin-Goleniów by air and via the Szczecin Główny train station via several railway lines.

Oder estuary

Most of the city lies on the left bank of the West Oder , which is characterized by wooded hills, especially in the north of the city. The districts of Dąbie ( Altdamm ), Podjuchy ( Podejuch ) and Kołbacz ( Colbatz ) east of the Oder are also surrounded by forest areas of the Buchheide (Puszcza Bukowa, up to 149  m above sea level ) and the Gollnower Heide (Puszcza Goleniowska).

The river valley, which is up to five kilometers wide, runs between these two compression moraines - bounded by the main arms Westoder and Ostoder (Odra Zachodnia and Odra Wschodnia). The Oder, which is divided into numerous arms with numerous river islands, extends into the urban area. Immediately south of the city begins the German-Polish international park Unteres Odertal, which consists of the Polish landscape protection park Unteres Odertal and the German national park Unteres Odertal and extends over Schwedt / Oder to near Hohensaaten .

To the north of the city center, the Oder widens to form a large inland lake, the Dammschen Lake (Jezioro Dąbie). At the level of Police ( Pölitz ) the river returns to a (very wide) bed before it widens again (Roztoka Odrzańska) and flows into the Szczecin Lagoon at Trzebież ( Ziegenort ) . The open Baltic Sea is reached at Świnoujście ( Swinemünde ) via the Kanał Piastowski ( Kaiserfahrt ) and the Swine (Świna) .

Szczecin river islands

View over the West Oder and four Oder islands: Duńczyca (Dunzig), left Wyspa Grodzka (Schlächterwiese), right the port facilities on Łasztownia (Lastadie) and Ostrów Grabowski (Grabower Werder)

In the urban area between the two main branches of the river, the Westoder (Odra Zachodnia) and the Ostoder (Odra Wschodnia) , as well as the old cross-connections Parnitz and Dunzig, there are numerous river islands:

  • Directly opposite the old town is the island of Lastadie (Łasztownia) , which is reached via the Most Długi (translated "Long Bridge", formerly Hansabrücke ). The Łasztownia district borders directly on the area of ​​the seaport. The island is crossed by the Trasa Piotra Zaremby expressway without connection to its road network , which starts north of the old town as Trasa Zamkowa (Castle Route), crosses east and west or.
  • To the north of it, between Westoder, Duńczyca and Oder-Dunzig Canal (Kanał Grodzki), lies the small, undeveloped island Schlächterwiese (Wyspa Grodzka) .
  • The island of Silberwiese (Kępa Parnicka) lies south of Lastadie , surrounded by Westoder, Grünes Graben (Kanał Zielony) and Parnitz (Parnica) . The Silberwiese is fully built, and the island was formerly by the railway bridge connected to the directly opposite the main railway station, the bridge now extends only to the small Ahrens island in the West Oder. The Silberwiese is connected to Lastadie and the Neue Silberwiese by other bridges.
  • The Neue Silberwiese (Wyspa Zielona) adjoining to the south has only a small part of it built on, the island was created through the construction of the Parnitz piercing.
  • The island Vorbruch (Wyspa Pucka) lies east of the Parnitz cut-off point and is separated from the larger island of Zaleskie Łęgi by the receiving channel (Kanał Rybny) . This canal branches upriver from the Westoder to the Hafensee (Jezioro Portowe) and from this leads downriver to the Parnitz. Wyspa Pucka is only built on in the north (former Vorbruch settlement) and otherwise largely covered by allotment gardens.
  • Zaleskie Łęgi is the largest island of the 80 km long Międzyodrze called island area between the lower reaches of Westoder and Ostoder. It is characterized in the north by port and railway facilities on the Parnitz. This includes the Szczecin Port Centralny train station on the northernmost railway line across the Oder. This area is connected to the west bank of the Oder by the Trasa Piotra Zaremby (part of trunk road 10 ) and to the east bank by two parallel bridges. On the southern border of Szczecin, the island ends at Kanał Lesny ( transl . : forest canal ). On the north bank of the canal, the Poznań – Szczecin railway line and the Poznańska autostrade (part of trunk road 31 ) run across the island, the latter without any connection to the local road network.
  • North of Lastadie is the Grabower Werder (Wyspa Ostrów) , which originally had an approximately triangular shape and was bordered by Westoder, Dunzig and Möllnfahrt. Since the island is in the middle of the seaport area, the river arms were heavily modified when the harbor basins were built. So part of the Dunzig was filled in, creating a direct land connection with Lastadie. The Wroclaw Drive (Kanał Dębicki) , open to the north , thus became a dead end. The aforementioned Schlächterwiese was separated by the Oder-Dunzig Canal in the west of the island. The Dunzig-Parnitz Canal created a connection between the two arms of the river. Allotment gardens and forests are predominant in the west of Grabower Werder.
  • To the north of it lies the Bredower Werder (Wyspa Gryfia) , which is completely occupied by the harbor. It is surrounded by the Westoder in the west, the Grabower Fahrt (Kanał Grabowski) and the Oderfahrt (Przekop Mieleński) in the east .
  • The neighboring islands of Schwarzer Ort (Czarnołęka) and Großer Oderbruch (Wyspa Dębina) are already located in Dammschen Lake.
  • There are two more islands in the area where the Ostoder meets the Dammschen See. The northern island of Mönne was a nature reserve until 1945. In the south-western corner of the Mönne was one of the oldest bird and nature conservation stations in Germany, the Mönne Nature Observatory . On the foundation of the station building, which was destroyed in 1945, there is now a plaque commemorating the founder of the nature observatory, Paul Robien , in Polish and German . The island is now called Wyspa Paula Robiena after him .

Climate table

Climate diagram
J F. M. A. M. J J A. S. O N D.
Temperature in ° Cprecipitation in mm
Average monthly temperatures and rainfall for Szczecin
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max. Temperature ( ° C ) 1.3 2.8 7.2 12.6 18.4 21.6 22.8 22.6 18.6 13.1 6.9 3.0 O 12.6
Min. Temperature (° C) −3.7 −3.1 −0.4 2.9 7.5 11.1 12.9 12.3 9.5 5.8 2.0 −1.6 O 4.6
Precipitation ( mm ) 36 27 32 38 52 57 61 55 44 38 46 41 Σ 527
Hours of sunshine ( h / d ) 1.3 1.8 3.7 5.2 6.6 8.3 7.6 6.8 5.6 3.2 1.2 0.9 O 4.4
Rainy days ( d ) 10 7th 8th 8th 9 9 9 8th 8th 8th 10 10 Σ 104
Humidity ( % ) 87 84 79 74 72 75 75 76 81 85 87 88 O 80.2
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

National emblem

Szczecin city flag

Blazon : "Within a golden border in blue a torn off gold-crowned, gold-armored, red griffin head with a knocked-out red tongue."

The coat of arms of the city of Szczecin shows the head of the red griffin , the heraldic animal in the coat of arms of Pomerania , with the golden crown in the blue field. The content of the coat of arms has not changed after the Second World War . The coat of arms can also be found in this official form on the city flag of Szczecin.

City structure

Outline map of Szczecin with the four districts and 37 districts
The Szczecin Town Hall used to be the seat of the Pomeranian provincial government

The city of Szczecin is divided into the four districts Śródmieście (city center), Północ (north), Zachód (west) and Prawobrzeże (right bank), which in turn are divided into 37 districts ( osiedla , literally "settlements"):

The historic city center, the old town, lies on the western bank of the Westoder. The Wilhelminian style Neustadt lies around it, with predominantly urban perimeter block development . The densely built-up inner city area occupied by these two has a diameter of about three kilometers.

The neighboring districts are more loosely developed. Beyond the Westoder are the districts of Lastadie and Silberwiese on the river islands of the same name. On the left bank is bordered to the south of the city center Pommerensdorf (Pomorzany) , west of the districts Schwarzow (Świerczewo) , Torney (Turzyn) , Braunsfelde (Pogodno) , and north Grünhof (Bolinko) and Grabow (Grabowo) . Most of these downtown districts are former villages, there are also villa colonies from the prewar period and prefabricated housing estates from the 1960s to 1980s.

There are also numerous established, incorporated villages in the outskirts. Before 1945, Stettin was the third largest city in the German Empire with an area of ​​460 km²; the urban area comprised numerous villages that were still quite rural. The former town of Altdamm ( Dąbie ) on the eastern bank of the Oder plays a special role in the outskirts . It has its own medieval town center and is still the center of the Szczecin urban area to the right of the Oder.

German name Polish name Residents Borough Seats in the local council
Eckerberg-Nemitz Arkońskie-Niemierzyn 11,703 west 15th
Buchheide-Hökendorf Bukowe-Klęskowo 14,261 Right bank of the Oder 15th
Buchholz Bukowo 3,591 North 15th
center Center 21,252 City center 21st
Old dam Dąbie 13,266 Right bank of the Oder 15th
Bredow-Grabow Drzetowo- Grabowo 17.184 City center 15th
Glambeck-Polchow Głębokie- Pilchowo 1,232 west 15th
Frauendorf-Gotzlow Golęcino -Gocław 3,442 North 15th
barn Gumieńce 19,048 west 15th
rose Garden Kijewo 3.124 Right bank of the Oder 15th
Kreckow-Brunn Krzekowo-Bezrzecze 3,590 west 15th
West end Łękno 3,533 City center 15th
[...] Majowe 7,820 Right bank of the Oder 15th
Middle or pre-break Międzyodrze-Wyspa Pucka 1,111 City center 15th
Zabelsdorf Niebuszewo 17,678 North 15th
Zabelsdorf-Grünhof Niebuszewo-Bolinko 22,657 City center 21st
Neustadt Nowe Miasto 7,969 City center 15th
Wussow Osów 3,328 west 15th
Buchholz-Mühlenbeck-Jeseritz Płonia-Śmierdnica-Jezierzyce 3,911 Right bank of the Oder 15th
Podejuch Podyuchy 9,063 Right bank of the Oder 15th
Braunsfelde Pogodno 25,713 west 21st
Pommerensdorf Pomorzany 22,186 west 21st
Scholwin Skolwin 3,328 North 15th
[...] Słoneczne 14,088 Right bank of the Oder 15th
Old town Starlings Miasto 4,902 City center 15th
Stolzenhagen Stołczyn 4,542 North 15th
City center north Śródmieście-Północ 12,665 City center 15th
City center-west Śródmieście-Zachód 16,256 City center 15th
Schwarzow Świerczewo 17,017 west 15th
Torney Turzyn 20,736 City center 21st
Warsow Warszewo 7.184 North 15th
Augustwalde-Franzhausen Wielgowo-Sławociesze 3,687 Right bank of the Oder 15th
Arnimswalde Załom 3,657 Right bank of the Oder 15th
[...] Zawadzkiego-Klonowica 13.091 west 15th
Finkenwalde Zdroje 8,868 Right bank of the Oder 15th
Zuellchow Żelechowa 14,013 North 15th
Sydowsaue-Klütz Żydowce - Klucz 2,455 Right bank of the Oder 15th


Old town

South wing, the so-called Bogislawbau, of the Szczecin Palace , which was rebuilt after its destruction in the Second World War and has since served as a cultural center under the name "Palace of the Dukes of Pomerania".
Old Town Hall
Houses in the old town
Petrikirche , founded in 1124 as the first Christian church in Pomerania . Century renovated in the late Gothic style

The old town was only partially rebuilt after being severely damaged during the war. The area of ​​the medieval city, which was expanded several times, lay roughly between the banks of the Oder and today's streets Dworcowa ("Bahnhofstraße", formerly Green Schanze ), aleja Niepodleglości , ("Independence Avenue ", formerly Parade Square ), plac Zołnierza Polskiego ("Square of the Polish Soldier", formerly Königsplatz ) and the new Trasa Zamkowa expressway ("Castle Route"). Numerous fallow land still characterize the cityscape in the oldest part of Szczecin. Numerous very simple houses from the 1950s stand between the old buildings that have been preserved or reconstructed according to old documents.

The castle of the Dukes of Pomerania occupies the highest point of the old town . At its feet, to the south, the bourgeois city was built. Between the Heumarkt (Rynek Sienny) and Neumarkt (Rynek Nowy) stood the Nikolaikirche and the old town hall close together . The Nikolaikirche burned down in 1811. Almost exactly in the middle of the old town stands the largest church in the city, the Gothic Jakobikirche , which has been a cathedral since 1972 .

At the medieval city walls today only reminds Siebenmäntel- or woman Tower (Baszta Siedmiu Płaszczy / Baszta Panieńska) at the northeast corner of the former urban area. The two preserved baroque fortress gates , the Berliner Tor ( Brama Portowa, "Hafentor") in the west and the Königstor ( Brama Królewska in Polish ) in the north, were only built in the course of the fortification expansion after the transition to Prussia under King Friedrich Wilhelm I. 18th century. They were designed by the Prussian fortress builder Gerhard Cornelius von Wallrave and served not only military but also representative purposes, so the inscriptions on the royal gate document the occupation of the city by Prussia.

Two more Gothic churches have been preserved, the Johanneskirche , originally the church of the Franciscan monastery , on the southern edge of the old town and the church of St. Peter and Paul in the north. In contrast, the Marienkirche between Kleiner and Großer Domstraße and the Nikolaikirche next to the old town hall on Heumarkt (Rynek Sienny) disappeared from the cityscape at the end of the 18th and beginning of the 19th century. Between the Jakobikirche and Königstor there are several baroque city palaces, such as the former Pomeranian state parliament in Staromłyńska ("Altmühlenstrasse", formerly Luisenstrasse ), the Wolkenhauerhaus on Plac Orła Białego ("Pl. Of the white eagle", formerly Rossmarkt ), today a music college, or that former General Command, now the National Museum, on plac Żołnierza Polskiego (formerly Königsplatz ).


plac Grunwaldzki (Kaiser-Wilhelm-Platz)
plac Jasne Błonia (Quistorp-Aue)

After 1945, the late nineteenth Neustadt took over with their well-preserved predominantly block building instead of the almost completely destroyed the old town center of most functions. The new town was built on the initiative of the mayor of many years, Hermann Haken .

A dominant city center is not recognizable today in the new town, but you can see the area around aleja Niepodległości ("Independence Avenue ") and plac Wyzwolenia ("Liberation Square "), before the war together Paradeplatz, between Berliner Tor (today Brama Portowa "Hafentor") and the Radisson SAS hotel tower as the most important street in today's city center. The Galaxy shopping mall , the largest shopping center in the city, is located right next to the hotel building .

On the aleja Niepodległości there are some magnificent buildings from the Wilhelminian era , such as a neo-baroque building that was once built as the seat of the state bank Pomeranian Landscape , the neo-Gothic post office and several department stores.

At the Berliner Tor, the plac Zwycięstwa ("Siegesplatz", until 1945 Hohenzollernplatz ) meets the street mentioned. Representative green spaces adorn the square, in which the neo-Gothic Bugenhagenkirche (today św. Wojciecha "Adalbertkirche") rises at the western end ; today it serves as a Catholic garrison church. The neighboring, former Protestant garrison church, nowadays Herz-Jesu-Kirche (N. Serca Pana Jezusa) , was built in the Art Nouveau style from the same period .

In the southern Neustadt, between the old town and the main train station, further representative large buildings were erected before the First World War , which today, after the destruction of their urban environment, stand as solitaires in a succession of large green spaces.

North of the train station, directly on the banks of the Oder (bulwark, Bulwar Piastowski) is the main post office, a brick building in a moderate neo-renaissance . The open space to the west is called plac Tobrucki (" Tobruk Platz"). The former New Town Hall on plac Stefana Batorego (" Stephan-Báthory -Platz", formerly Town Hall Square ) was named the Red Town Hall after the Berlin model , and today it houses the facilities of the Maritime Office. The nearby former town house with its high Art Nouveau tower is now the seat of the Pomeranian Medical School (Pomorska Akademia Medyczna) .

The urban layout of the outer Neustadt is reminiscent of Parisian models, while the architecture of the individual buildings is reminiscent of Berlin. Large, straight street axes intersect at representative star squares, the most famous of which is plac Grunwaldzki (formerly Kaiser-Wilhelm-Platz ) in the north of Neustadt. The development of the individual parcels was carried out as in Berlin with front buildings, side wings and transverse buildings, creating numerous narrow backyards. The development of the Neustadt is predominantly four-story. One of the major road axes is Aleja Jedności Narodowej (formerly Kaiser-Wilhelm-Straße ), now the Town Hall stands at the end of Szczecin, formerly a country house seat of Pomerania . Behind the town hall is the Jasne Błonia ("Helle Brache", formerly Quistorp -Aue ), in which a monument to Pope John Paul II was erected during his lifetime.

To the north of the old town, between the banks of the Oder and Grabower plants, the most famous building ensemble in Szczecin, the Hakenterrasse , today Wały Chrobrego , was built between 1902 and 1921 . There are three large, monumental buildings on this embankment: the Maritime University, the City Museum (now the Theater and Maritime Museum) and the Pomeranian government building, which today still serves its original function as the seat of the West Pomeranian Voivodeship. The side of the street on the river side is adorned by two Art Nouveau pavilions and a large flight of stairs to the lower lying river.

Outer districts

The outer districts of Szczecin are criss-crossed by large green spaces. These include the main cemetery in Stettin , in the Scheune ( Polish: Gumieńce ) district on ulica Ku Słońcu ("Road to the Sun", formerly Pasewalker Chaussee ), with an area of ​​1.7 km², one of the largest cemeteries in Europe. It was created on the initiative of the aforementioned Lord Mayor Haken, who is also buried here.

The neighboring district of Pogodno to the north , the former villa colony Braunsfelde , is home to the Pogoń Szczecin football club . North of this part of the city is the Leśny Arkónski Park ("Arkona Forest Park", formerly Eckerberg Forest ), an important excursion destination. Not far from there is the beautiful jezioro Głębokie ("Deep Lake", formerly Glambecksee ) in the Leśny Głębokie Park.

Larger prefabricated housing estates are located on the western edge of Pogodno (Zawadzkiego, Somosierry) , in the south of Pogodno (Kaliny, Przyjaźni) , in Niebuszewo (Zabelsdorf, Książąt Pomorskich ) and in the southern district of Pomorzany (Wzgórze Hetmańskie) .


Stettin around 1580 ( Frans Hogenberg )
Szczecin around 1888

Szczecin developed from an early medieval settlement that was probably founded by the Ukranians .

The city of Szczecin emerged from a Pomoran and two neighboring German settlements, which the Pomeranian Duke Barnim I granted city rights in 1237–1243. After that, the districts grew together quickly and Szczecin became an important trading center. In 1278 it was accepted into the Hanseatic League . Duke Otto I made Stettin the royal seat of Pomerania in 1309.

In 1451 and 1464 the plague raged in the city. After the introduction of the Reformation , the first secular university in Pomerania, the Pedagogy , was founded in Szczecin . In 1570 the so-called Stettin Peace Congress took place here, which ended the Nordic Seven Years War . Duke Johann Friedrich (r. 1569–1600) expanded the castle into a residence in the Renaissance style and essentially gave it its present-day appearance. In 1637, Duke Bogislaw XIV died here as the last griffin duke .

From 1630/37 to 1713/20 Szczecin was in Swedish hands. As the seat of the Swedish provincial administration and an important fortress that secured the northernmost crossing of the Oder, it was besieged several times during the wars of the Swedish great powers. In 1659 it resisted the besiegers, but in 1677 during the Swedish-Brandenburg War , Elector Friedrich Wilhelm von Brandenburg conquered the city, suffering severe damage, but had to surrender it again. In 1713, after the city was captured by Russian and Saxon troops in the siege of Stettin, the Prussian King Friedrich Wilhelm I occupied the city as a neutral power and finally acquired it through the Peace of Stockholm of 1720. The Prussians added important administrative institutions and continued to build Stettin to a fortress city. The Old Prussian Infantry Regiment No. 7 was moved to Stettin, and Stettin became a Prussian garrison town. The soldier king had the city rebuilt as a fortress, administrative and garrison city, with numerous new buildings.

During the Napoleonic Wars , the fortress of Stettin was taken without a fight by the French in 1806, who held the city until 1813.

In 1815 Stettin became the capital of the Prussian province of Pomerania . With the opening of the Stettin – Berlin railway line and the expansion of the port, the city also developed into an important industrial location. After the demolition in 1870, the city expanded through new residential areas and incorporations. In 1879 a hospital with 300 beds was opened on a hill in front of the city. Szczecin housed various administrative authorities, some of which also served as schools. The Prussian Navy established the Stettin Naval School in 1851 .

In 1909, Szczecin had three high schools, two secondary schools, two teachers' seminars, a mechanical engineering school, a building trade school, a seaman's school, a navigation school, an agricultural school, a commercial school, a midwifery school with an attached women's clinic, an institution for the deaf and dumb, and an institution for the blind. A stock exchange was available to the economy in the city .

In 1913 the foundation stone was laid for the Szczecin Bismarck Tower on the left high bank of the Oder in Stettin-Gotzlow, which was inaugurated as a memorial and observation tower in 1921 - delayed by the First World War . By resolution of the Pomeranian Provincial Parliament of 1929, the outdated and no longer expandable Provincial Midwife Training Institute and Women's Clinic in the city center (Karkutschstrasse) was converted into the Provincial Women's Clinic of the Pomeranian Province (LFK). Under the direction of the gynecologist and institute director Siegfried Stephan , a spacious new building was built for the LFK between 1929 and 1931 in a quiet suburb (Roonstrasse 7, southeast corner of Quistorppark and Westendsee). The synagogue in Stettin was destroyed in the November pogroms in 1938 .

In 1939, through the incorporation of the cities of Altdamm and Pölitz, as well as 36 other municipalities, Greater Stettin was created. The 1,000 or so Jews from Szczecin were the first on German territory to be deported by the National Socialists to the now occupied Poland : On February 12, 1940, they were arrested in the entire Pomeranian administrative district of Szczecin .

During the Second World War in 1943 and 1944, bombing raids by the Bomber Command of the Royal Air Force caused great damage, 90 percent of which fell victim to the old town, including the port area, and 70 percent of the rest of the city. On April 11, 1944, the 8th US bomber fleet carried out a daytime attack on the aircraft engine factory "Pommersche Motorenwerke GmbH" in the suburb of Arnimswalde / Załom . From April 18, 1945, the " Fortress " Stettin was immediately defended against the Red Army , but abandoned on April 25, 1945 and taken the day after by the Red Army without a fight. The war finally ended with the unconditional surrender on the 8th and 9th. May 1945.

After the end of the war, the exact course of the demarcation line between the Soviet occupation zone of Germany and the German areas in the Szczecin area placed under Polish administration was still unclear, so that the Red Army initially refrained from handing over Stettin, west of the Oder, to the Polish authorities. It set up a newly formed German administration in the city, initially from May 2, 1945 under Erich Spiegel as mayor, who was replaced on May 26, 1945 by the KPD politician Erich Wiesner . On July 5, 1945, however, Stettin was handed over to Poland by the Soviet headquarters ( see also the Schwerin Border Treaty ). (At the beginning of August, allied agreements provided for a border course “immediately west of Swinoujscie and from there along the Oder to the confluence of the western Neisse”, the Oder-Neisse line .) At the same time, the German city administration was replaced with the removal of Mayor Wiesner, and the settlement of Poles began, which was accompanied by the expulsion of the German civilian population. Some of the newly settled residents belonged to the Polish ethnic minority in areas east of the Curzon line that had fallen to the Soviet Union . Szczecin was rebuilt as the capital of the voivodeship of the same name and with the reactivation of industry, educational institutions, etc. The port was not handed over to Poland by the Soviet Union until 1955.

Workers' unrest broke out in 1970/71 and 1980 , and along with Gdańsk , Szczecin became the nucleus of the Solidarność trade union movement . In 1972 the Catholic Church made Stettin the seat of the diocese. On May 27, 1990, the first democratic local elections were held. On December 15, 1995, the founding agreement of the Pomerania Euroregion was signed in Szczecin between Polish and German partners. In 1999, as part of an administrative reform, Szczecin became the capital of the new West Pomeranian Voivodeship . Piotr Krzystek has been the city ​​president since December 4th, 2006 . Since 2012, the agglomeration of Szczecin has been developing as a cross-border metropolitan area into a European metropolitan region following Berlin .

Place name

The place name Stetin is first found in documents from 1140 and 1223. Old Norse sources translated it at the end of the 12th century as 'Burstaborg' (and Kamień / Cammin as 'Steinsborg'). From the 15th century, the second “t” was doubled, which soon became common practice and led to Stettin . At about the same time, the city was also called Alten-Stettin more and more generally to distinguish it from Neustettin, which was founded in 1310 . Until the early 19th century the spellings were Alt-Stettin , Altstettin and Szczecin side by side applied until eventually return to the simpler Szczecin prevailed, which has since been the place name in German. The Polish city of Szczecin has been the official name of the city since May 19, 1946.


Jakobikirche, west facade
Orthodox Church św. Mikołaja

The population of Szczecin, like all of Pomerania, had become Protestant with the Reformation , so that the majority of the population of Szczecin belonged to the Protestant creed until the end of the war in 1945. At the beginning of the 20th century Stettin had nine Protestant churches, of which the late Gothic Petrikirche (founded in 1124) as the first Christian church in Pomerania and the Jakobikirche (from the second half of the 14th century) are remarkable for their size. The Luther Church, St. Gertrud Church and Bugenhagen Church (still under construction in 1907) were new. There were also: an Old Lutheran and a Catholic church, four Baptist chapels and a synagogue .



In 1905 93.3% of the people of Szczecin were Protestant and 3.9% were Catholic. The entries about baptisms, marriages and deaths of the Protestant church members in Stettin have been available since 1603 and were recorded by the LDS church (" Mormons ") after 1920 . With the expulsion of the German population from 1945 to 1948, the Protestant era in Stettin also ended: of the former 15 municipalities, one still exists, the center of which is the former Gertrudenkirche (today: Św. Trójcy / St. Trinitatiskirche) on the Great Lastadie (today: ul. Energetyków) is. It belongs to the diocese of Breslau of the Evangelical Church of Augsburg (Lutheran) denomination in Poland , which comprises about 0.3% of the total population.

Roman Catholic

Since the majority of today's Polish residents belong to the Catholic Church , a Catholic diocese was established in 1972 with its seat in Stettin, which was elevated to the Archdiocese of Stettin-Cammin in 1992 . The Jakobikirche in the center of the city became a Catholic cathedral.

The Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church at Mickiewicza Street

Greek Catholic / Orthodox

Living in large numbers in Szczecin Ukrainians are predominantly of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church , but also of the Polish Orthodox Church of. The Greek Catholic Church is located on the site of the former Bethanienstift at ul. Mickiewicza. The Orthodox Church uses a new building, which is the second cathedral church of the Wroclaw-Stettin diocese.

Old Catholics

The Polish Old Catholics today use the oldest church in Szczecin and Pomerania, founded in 1124 and only slightly damaged in World War II, the Petrikirche .


Szczecin is also considered to be one of the centers of Buddhism in Poland . Among other things, the headquarters of the “Misja Buddyjska” (Buddhist Mission), an umbrella organization of Buddhist groups in Poland, is located here . With the opening of a “Buddhist library” as part of the Pomeranian Library by the Dalai Lama in May 2000, the importance of Szczecin was recognized. In 2005 the annual congress of the European Buddhist Union and the meeting of the “Buddhist Teachers in Europe” took place in Szczecin at the invitation of the Polish Buddhists .


The Szczecin synagogue was burned down during the Reichspogromnacht . Since June 1946 there has been a Jewish community in Stettin again, which has its own burial ground in the main cemetery.



The Książnica Pomorska (Pomeranian Library) in Szczecin is the largest library in the West Pomeranian Voivodeship . It also has many pre-war holdings from the former Szczecin City Library, which was managed by Erwin Ackerknecht from 1905 . The brochure Treasures of the Pomeranian Library Stettin gives a good overview of the current holdings.

National Museum of Szczecin

Pomeranian Ständehaus, today the National Museum of Szczecin

After the Pomeranian Provincial Parliament moved in 1928 to the New State House (1924–1928 by Georg Steinmetz ), the owner of the old state house (1726–1729 by Gerhard Cornelius von Walrave ; also known as the Old State House), the Pomeranian Provincial Association , converted the building into a museum the collection of Pomeranian antiquities founded in 1913 by the Society for Pomeranian History and Archeology , which operated as the Pomeranian State Museum from 1934–1945 . After 1945 the former, destroyed State Museum and the barely damaged former Stettin City Museum were combined on the hook terrace to form the Museum for West Pomerania, with the Ständehaus as the main exhibition building after its reconstruction. Since 1970, both houses have formed a network under the name "National Museum Stettin". It shows art from the region, especially in the Ständehaus , while the archeology and marine departments are under construction on the hook terrace.

Candidacy as European Capital of Culture

Szczecin ran for European Capital of Culture for 2016, but the decision was ultimately made in favor of the Silesian city of Wroclaw . Szczecin could be nominated again as the cultural capital for 2029.

Local cuisine

The most famous local dishes are Szczecin patties and paprykarz szczeciński .


The local public television broadcaster is TVP Szczecin , there are also several private broadcasters. The most important newspapers are Głos Szczeciński and Kurier Szczeciński .


The sports club Pogoń Szczecin represents the city in handball in the first-class super league and in football in the first-class Ekstraklasa . The sports club plays the home games of the first men's soccer team in the Florian Krygier Stadium in the Pogodno district. The Arkonia Stettin sports club, which is also successful in football, but above all in water polo, has its own sports facilities in the Eckerberg Forest.

The largest athletics stadium in Szczecin is the Wiesław Maniak Stadium in the Klonowica district. With the Zbysław-Zając cycle track , Szczecin also has one of the oldest still intact open-air cycle tracks in Europe. All sports facilities are owned by the city.

Szczecin has also hosted several international sporting events, such as the European Swimming Championships and the European Volleyball Championships . Since 2014, the city has also had the Netto Arena, a multifunctional hall for athletics, gymnastics, handball, volleyball, basketball, tennis, badminton and various martial arts.

Rowing is of great national importance in Szczecin . The city is home to a performance center of the Polish Rowing Association and several rowing clubs, the members of which have already successfully won medals at world rowing championships and the Olympic Games.

Important structures, streets and squares

Old town

Facades on the Heumarkt
Grumbkow Palace / Pałac pod Globusem
  • The castle of the Dukes of Pomerania (Zamek Książąt Pomorskich) was almost completely destroyed in World War II. It was only reconstructed in the Renaissance style in the 1980s , using engravings from the 17th century as a guide. The castle is located on the northeast corner of the old town, has a large, square and a smaller, elongated courtyard and two towers. The castle church in Szczecin belongs to the castle . In summer, open-air concerts take place in the large castle courtyard. One wing of the palace is used as the Szczecin Opera House.
  • The neighboring women's or seven-coat tower (Baszta Panieńska / Baszta Siedmiu Płaszczy) owes its name, according to legend, to a tailor who was supposed to sew seven coats for the Duke of Pomerania, but tried to flee with the valuable fabric and was sentenced after his arrest in this city wall tower had to sit down. The former fishing tower of the city fortifications only came to light after 1945 because the buildings in which it was walled had been destroyed during the war and were therefore demolished.
  • Below the castle, the Slavic outer bailey settlement was uncovered and excavated in 1995 while building pits for new buildings were being made. The numerous archaeological finds are exhibited in the old town hall in the current city museum, including the deductions of the settlement layers up to 6 to 8 meters deep.
  • The Gothic Loitzenhof ( Dom Loitzów , 16th century) below the castle was the seat of the important Loitz merchant family , who became very wealthy through the salt trade and were represented as bankers in many cities in Northern Europe. The trading empire, whose most important centers were Danzig and Lüneburg in addition to Stettin , collapsed in 1572 when large loans to King Sigismund II of Poland and Elector Joachim II of Brandenburg were not repaid after their deaths. As a result, the Loitz family could no longer pay their own creditors and had to flee from Stettin.
  • The late Gothic St. Peter and Paul Church (Kościół Piotra i Pawła) stands on the site of the city's first Christian church, where the missionary bishop Otto von Bamberg celebrated Mass in 1124.
  • The Jakobikirche (Katedra pw. Św. Jakuba) was built by the citizens of the proud Hanseatic city based on the model of the Lübeck Marienkirche . The three-aisled hall church was very richly decorated, but it was destroyed by war events in 1677. In 1894 the west tower, which had previously been raised, collapsed, but was rebuilt. Air raids during the Second World War resulted in another collapse of the 119 meter high tower and great damage to the nave. The church was rebuilt again, the north wall was given a modern facade in the style of the 1950s. Today it is the cathedral of the Catholic Archdiocese of Stettin-Cammin .
  • The old town hall dates from the 14th century and was rebuilt in the baroque style from 1677 . After the destruction during the Second World War , the original Gothic design was reconstructed . The north facade to the New Market (Rynek Nowy) received a simplified, reconstructed, openwork Gothic gable, the south facade to the Heumarkt shows forms of the Renaissance . The Museum of City History is now located in the Old Town Hall. There is a restaurant in the Ratskeller.
  • The Haymarket (Rynek Sienny) regains currently its historic character. On its east side, new buildings are being built, the facade of which is based on the historical model. The western side of the square is not yet closed.
  • The Rossmarkt (today Plac Orła Białego = “Place of the White Eagle”) north of the Jacobi Church is adorned with a green area with a statue of the goddess Flora (18th century) and the baroque Rossmarkt fountain. The large Wilhelminian era building on the west side of the square was the Prussian National Insurance. In the previous building (1723–1726), the future Russian Tsarina Maria Fyodorovna was born in 1759 . In the neighboring baroque house , built by the Dutch merchant Georg Christian Velthusen, the Georg Wolkenhauer company produced pianos before the Second World War . Today it houses a music college. Also on the west side of the square is the Grumbkow Palace, built in 1724/25 as the seat of the then regional president of the (Prussian) Duchy of Pomerania, Philipp Otto von Grumbkow. Because of its gable top it is now called Pałac pod Globusem (“Palace under the Globe”).
  • The baroque palace of the architect GC Wallrave in the ulica Staromłyńska ("Altmühlenstrasse", formerly Luisenstrasse ) No. 27 formerly housed the Pomeranian provincial parliament ( country house ), since 1928 part of the Pomeranian State Museum, today the Muzeum Narodowe w Szczecinie ( National Museum Szczecin ). The Museum of Polish Art of the Early 20th Century is located in the former Prussian General Command directly opposite.
  • The baroque King's Gate ( Brama Królewska , 1725–1727) on the northern boundary of the old town and the Berlin Gate ( Brama Portowa , 1725–1729) on plac Zwycięstwa (“Siegesplatz”, formerly Hohenzollernplatz ) are splendid ornamental buildings by the Prussian fortress builder Gerhard Cornelius von Walrave . The wall reliefs in the gate building are reminiscent of the acquisition of Pomerania by Prussia.


plac Lotników (Augusta Square)
Stettin Philharmonic, view from plac Solidarności
  • The Hook Terrace (Wały Chrobrego) is the most famous building ensemble and a landmark of Szczecin. The tree-lined Uferstrasse high above the Oder was built between 1900 and 1914 on the site of the abandoned Fort Leopold north of the old town. There are three monumental public buildings here. The Maritime University, the southern building, is a building of the German Neo-Renaissance . This is followed by a light Art Nouveau building with a striking, copper-clad central tower. It houses a theater hall, the venue of the Teatr Współczesny ("Theater of the Present"), and the Maritime Museum, a department of the Polish National Museum, which used to be the Szczecin City Museum . The third large building, erected in the Nordic Renaissance for the government of Pomerania, today has the same function as the seat of the West Pomeranian Voivodeship. In front of the middle building, the avenue opens up between two Art Nouveau pavilions to the Oder, a wide flight of stairs leads down to the river.
PAZIM high-rise complex
  • The PAZIM high-rise complex was completed in 1992; it houses a Radisson chain hotel and offices. The skyscraper has 22 floors and is 92 m high. But it is only the second tallest structure in the city. The tower of the Jacobi Church, restored in 2008, has a height of 110.18 m. Next to the PAZIM is the Galaxy Center (Aleja Wyzwolenia) shopping center, which opened in 2003 .
  • The Aleja Papieża Jana Pawła II ( "Avenue Pope John Paul II "; formerly Kaiser-Wilhelm-Straße ; 1945-2007 Aleja Jedności Narodowej ( "Avenue of national unity")) is the largest of the road axes of Neustadt. There are two large squares on it, plac Grunwaldzki (meaning " Tannenberg Platz ", formerly Kaiser-Wilhelm-Platz ) and plac Lotników ("Platz der Flieger", formerly Augustaplatz ). The equestrian statue on the latter represents the condottiere Bartolomeo Colleoni . It was created in 1913 as a copy of the equestrian statue by the Italian sculptor Andrea del Verrocchio , which has been standing on the Campo Santi Giovanni e Paolo in Venice since 1493 , and stood in the domed hall of the theater and museum building until the Second World War at the hook terrace.
  • The plac Jasne Błonia , formerly Quistorp -Aue , at the northern end of the street was the city by a citizen, the big businessmen and cement manufacturers Johannes Quistorp , given on the condition that they be kept free forever from development. Pope John Paul II celebrated Holy Mass here in 1987 with around one million believers.
PKO bank at Aleja Niepodległości, former headquarters of the general landscape
In the post office (Dworcowa 20)
New Town Hall (1879)
  • The aleja Niepodległości ("Independence Avenue ", formerly Paradeplatz ) is now the most important street in the city center. On the eastern side of the street there are shops and restaurants, on the western side there are representative and pompous large buildings, including the neo-baroque seat of the Pekao-Bank, built by Emil Drews in 1891–1895 as the seat of the state mortgage bond company Pommersche Landschaft and the neighboring neo-Gothic Oberpostdirektion (1903– 1905).
  • On the adjacent plac Zwycięstwa ("Siegesplatz", formerly Hohenzollernplatz ) to the south , there are two large churches in addition to the Berliner Tor, the Bugenhagen Church (neo-Gothic and Art Nouveau forms, 1906–1908) and the former garrison church (1913–1915, Art Nouveau). The latter is the first in Germany to be made of concrete. Field Marshal Friedrich von Wrangel , known as Papa Wrangel, who was also born here in Stettin, was buried in the former cemetery behind this church .
  • New town hall (completed in 1879), neo-Gothic.
  • The Manzelbrunnen (1898) on the Rathausplatz . In the place of the earlier fountain figure Sedina , an allegorical female figure who embodies the city of Szczecin, there is currently an anchor; but there are concrete efforts to rebuild the Sedina. Nearby is the former town house, now a medical academy, a monumental Art Nouveau building with a high tower.
  • The main station described below has a simple reception building from the 1950s. The interior is decorated with a large map of Pomerania.
  • Stettin Philharmonic , opened in 2014. Architects are Fabrizio Barozzi (* 1976) and Alberto Veiga (* 1973) from Barcelona .

Outer districts

Twin cities

The twin cities of Szczecin are:

Public facilities


Since September 18, 1999, the headquarters of the Multinational Corps North-East has been in Stettin's Baltic barracks. One of the Bundeswehr administrative offices abroad is located in the city .


The opening of a university in Szczecin was planned as early as the 16th century, but the first real universities did not emerge until 1946.

Today's universities with the right to award doctorates
Other universities
  • Arcybiskupie Wyższe Seminarium Duchowne w Szczecinie ( Theological Seminary )
  • Wyższa Szkoła Administracji Publicznej w Szczecinie
  • Wyższa Szkoła Ekonomiczno-Turystyczna
  • Wyższa Szkoła Humanistyczna TWP
  • Wyższa Szkoła Pedagogiczna TWP
  • Wyższa Szkoła Integracji Europejskiej
  • Wyższa Szkoła Języków Obcych
  • Wyższa Szkoła Techniczno-Ekonomiczna w Szczecinie
  • Szczecińska Szkoła Wyższa - Collegium Balticum
  • Wyższa Szkoła Zawodowa “OECONOMICUS” PTE
  • Wyższa Szkoła Zarządzania
  • Zachodniopomorska Szkoła Biznesu

Internal security

In Szczecin, as in every capital of a voivodeship , there is a police station (Komenda Wojewódzka Policji ) and a fire brigade headquarters (Komenda Wojewódzka Państwowej Straży Pożarnej ). In addition, the city of Szczecin, like most cities in Poland, has its own security service - the city ​​police (Straż Miejska).

The Polish Border Guard ( Straż Graniczna ) maintains an office in Stettin (Placówka Straży Granicznej w Szczecinie), which is responsible for the city of Stettin, the municipality of Goleniów (including Stettin-Goleniów airport ) and the districts of Myślibórz , Gryfino , Police , Stargard , Choszczno , Pyrzyce and Wałcz responsible. The Central Archives of the Border Guard (Archiwum Straży Granicznej) are located in Szczecin.

Economy and Transport

The Szczecin gross domestic product is 4.84 billion euros or 11,827 euros per capita. The unemployment rate at the end of 2016 was 5.0 percent.

Tourism and the service sector are of increasing importance for the city of Szczecin . The academic environment with many universities and research institutions favors growth in the field of cutting-edge technologies such as information technology (IT), biotechnology, medicine and materials science.

The active breweries in Szczecin include Bosman Browar Szczecin and Browar Stara Komenda .

Maritime industry

Szczecin seaport

The maritime industry is particularly important for Szczecin , including the Szczecin shipyard , the Gryfia Yard repair yard , the Stocznia Pomerania shipyard and two of the largest Polish shipping companies , Euroafrica Shipping and Polsteam . As a significant shipbuilding location , the Szczecin shipyard alone was the largest in Europe with around 10,000 employees until 2009.

The seaport at the mouth of the Oder in the Szczecin Lagoon is important for the entire Polish economy - the port of Szczecin- Świnoujście is the second largest seaport in the country after Gdańsk . The seaport is also a sight of the city. The location at the mouth of the Oder makes Szczecin a natural seaport for the entire catchment area of ​​this river. Since 1945, this has primarily affected the production of the Upper Silesian industrial area around Katowice , the largest conurbation in the country. The local coal mining forms the economic basis of this region, the local steel industry also needs iron ore . The iron ore destined for Upper Silesia is therefore imported via Szczecin-Swinoujscie and loaded onto inland vessels there ; the finished steel products to be exported take the opposite route, also via Szczecin.

As early as 1848, 202 merchant ships were based in Stettin. Until 1945, Stettin was also the port of entry and exit for Berlin. At times the largest industrial city in Europe, it was connected to the Oder via the Finow Canal, which opened in 1605 (and reopened after it was destroyed in 1743), and from 1917 via the more modern Oder-Havel Canal . The close economic symbiosis between the two cities was largely torn apart after the war, displacement and demarcation. However, due to the European unification process, the ship connection between Berlin and Stettin can be assumed to be of greater importance again.

In 2004, the Szczecin-Swinoujscie seaport handled a total of 15.5 million t and 27,700 standard containers . The ferry port (most connections start in Swinoujscie) counted 740,000 passengers who used the connections to Scandinavia . In 2014, 23.4 million t of goods were handled in the Szczecin-Swinoujscie twin port.

Between Szczecin and Świnoujście there is a boat connection with a hydrofoil via the Szczecin Lagoon and the Oder, which covers the 65 km route in around 75 minutes.

Rail transport

Szczecin Główny , the main train station

Szczecin has been connected to the railway network since 1843 . In that year the Szczecin Railway , which opened on August 1, 1842 between Berlin and Eberswalde , reached its terminus in the Pomeranian capital. The route began in the Stettiner Bahnhof on Berlin's Invalidenstrasse and led via Bernau , Eberswalde and Angermünde to Stettin. It was the first rail link between the Prussian capital and a seaport. The terminus on the banks of the Oder was initially called Berliner Bahnhof ; The present-day main train station ( Szczecin Główny ) developed from it . Today's reception building is also on the embankment (Ulica Krzysztofa Kolumba) opposite the Oderkai. Stettin was the seat of a railway directorate, the later Reichsbahndirektion Szczecin .

In addition to the line to Berlin, there is now the railway line from Stettin via Pasewalk , Neubrandenburg and Güstrow to Lübeck , both of which are single-track and not electrified. Within Poland, the lines near Stettin are mostly double-track and electrified with 3000  V DC ; they run along the Oder to the south ( Gryfino , Küstrin , Zielona Góra , Breslau ), to the east ( Stargard - Posen - Warsaw and Stargard - Koszalin ) and via Goleniów to the island of Wollin to Świnoujście . From this route branch off a route to Kamień Pomorski and one along the Baltic coast to Kołobrzeg , which meets in Koszalin with the route via Stargard to Gdansk . On the route on the western bank of the Oder , suburban trains ran across the city of Szczecin to Police and Trzebież until 2002 . This route is now only used for freight traffic, but is to be reopened as an S-Bahn as far as Police (Pölitz).

In addition to the main train station, there is another long-distance train station in Szczecin: Szczecin Dąbie Station , in the Dąbie district . The railway line there leads directly north of the main station in a wide arc over the Oder, the island Silberwiese (Kępa Parnicka) and the Parnitz . Beyond this branch of the Oder, the railway reaches the port area, followed by a large freight station (Port Centralny) .

The routes to Angermünde and Lübeck Hbf are served by DB Regio trains. Stettin can be reached every two hours from Berlin Central Station. Usually there is a connection via Angermünde, there are few through trains. The regional express trains via Pasewalk provide a continuous connection - also every two hours - via Bad Kleinen to Lübeck. The Brandenburg-Berlin-Ticket and the Mecklenburg-Vorpommern-Ticket are valid up to Stettin including city traffic. The Schleswig-Holstein-Ticket and the Quer-durch-das-Land-Ticket are only valid up to Grambow. An additional ticket to Stettin must be purchased from there. From Berlin there is a special ticket for 11 euros, some of which is also valid on the ICE.

Night or sleeper trains run to Krakow , Przemyśl and ( coming from Swinoujscie ) to Warsaw , seasonally also to Wroclaw (from Łeba ), to Zakopane and via Masuria to Bialystok .

Szczecin-Gollnow Airport

The airport in Goleniów (35 kilometers northeast) recorded around 468,000 passengers and around 8,700 flight movements in 2016, and the trend is rising. Most scheduled flights go to Warsaw with LOT , while the Irish low-cost airline Ryanair flies to London , Edinburgh , Liverpool and Dublin . The Norwegian airline Norwegian Air Shuttle offers flights to Oslo (as of April 2012).

Oder bridges

Hansabrücke, around 1900

The last fixed crossings of the Oder before its mouth are in Stettin . In the urban area and the surrounding area, four roads and two railway lines cross the river, which is divided into many branches of the river.

  • South of the city, already in the area of ​​the landscape protection park Unteres Odertal , runs the Autostrada A6 , part of the Europastraße 28 , which leads from Berlin to Gdansk .
  • On the southern outskirts of the city there is the expressway DK31 to Poznan (Autostrada Poznańska) , which is also used by the city bus. A railway line runs parallel to the street and is used by freight trains to bypass the main station. Road and railroad cross the west and east or on shared bridges.
  • The station bridge , which was destroyed in the war, was not rebuilt, its remains today only connect the Ahrensinsel with the Silberwiese.
  • The railway crosses the Westoder immediately to the northeast of the main station, followed by the Silberwiese island and the Parnitz .
  • The traditional city bridge in the old town was the Hansabrücke , in its place now stands the Long Bridge (Most Długi) . It is the crossing of Landesstraße 10 .
  • Between the castle and the hook terrace , the motorway-like castle road (Trasa Zamkowa), which begins at the Königstor , crosses the Oder as Droga wojewódzka 115 . It is the last bridge on the Oder before the estuary.

city ​​traffic

Low-floor railcar PESA 120Na S2

The tram lines opened by the Stettiner Straßen-Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft in 1879 as a horse-drawn tram and electrified from 1897 onwards ran in the urban area and to some northern neighboring towns.

The municipal transport company Tramwaje Szczecińskie Sp. Z oo now operates public transport within the urban area in the form of an extensive tram network and supplementary bus routes . Twelve tram lines operate in the city. The most important transfer hubs are at Brama Portowa (Berliner Tor) and Plac Rodła at the Radisson Hotel. Three lines (No. 2, 7 and 8) lead over the Most Długi (Long Bridge) to the eastern bank of the Westoder and there over the median of the Gdańska via Basen Górniczy near the eastern harbor basin and since 2015 as a high-speed tram on to the turning loop in Turkusowa. The Dąbie district (Altdamm) cannot be reached by tram.

Inner-city transport can be used with the Mecklenburg-Vorpommern-Ticket and the Brandenburg-Berlin-Ticket .

Honorary citizen

More than 30 people have become honorary citizens of Szczecin, including:

The City Council of Szczecin decided in 2014 to consider the honorary citizenship granted by Szczecin before 1945 as null and void because Szczecin is not a legal successor to the German city of Szczecin. Most honorary degrees awarded between 1945 and 1990 were abolished in 2017 (with the exception of Eugeniusz Kwiatkowski ).


City President

According to Polish self-government law, a city ​​president is at the head of the administration of the city of Szczecin .

Since the local elections in 2006 , this office has been held by the lawyer Piotr Krzystek , born in Szczecin in 1973 , who was able to prevail as a candidate of the citizens' platform in a run-off election against Jacek Piechota, the candidate of a left-wing electoral alliance . After Krzystek was not re-established by the regional association of the citizens' platform for the local elections in 2010 , he resigned and founded his own voter community under the motto Stettin for Generations (Polish: Szczecin dla Pokoleń ), with which he finally succeeded in re-election.

In the local elections in 2018 , the votes of the voters fell on the running candidates as follows:

In the runoff election that became necessary, Krzystek then clearly prevailed with 78.2 percent of the vote against Bartłomiej Sochański, the candidate for the Law and Justice party . With 21.8 percent of the votes, he even missed the share of votes in the first ballot.

City council

The City Council of Szczecin consists of 31 members and is directly elected. The 2018 local elections led to the following result:

  • Civic coalition alliance , 34.3 percent of the vote, 13 seats
  • Election committee Piotr Krzystek (non-party), 26.5 percent of the vote, 8 seats
  • Law and Justice , 26.1 percent of the vote, 10 seats
  • Electoral alliance Federation of the Democratic Left / Left Together , 7.3 percent of the vote, no seat
  • Electoral committee of the Szczecin City Movement , 3.0 percent of the vote, no seat
  • Anti- System Coalition Election Committee , 2.6 percent of the vote, no seat
  • remaining individual candidates, 0.2 percent of the votes, no seat

sons and daughters of the town

Personalities who have worked in the city

Sorted by year of birth

  • Peter Artopoeus (1491–1563), actually Peter Becker , Pastor Primarius at St. Mary's Church, reformer
  • Elisabeth von Doberschütz († 1591), convicted in a witch trial and beheaded on the Szczecin Heumarkt
  • Sidonia von Borcke (1548–1620), a Pomeranian noblewoman, convicted in a witch trial and executed in Stettin
  • Philipp Dulichius (1562–1631), composer, from 1587 cantor at the Princely Pedagogy in Stettin
  • Daniel Cramer (1568–1637), Lutheran theologian, chronicler and author
  • Sebastian Hempel (1593–1650), German lawyer, director of the Stettin court from 1641 to 1650
  • Georg Wehling (1644–1719), school teacher and writer, head of the council school in Stettin from 1682 to 1719
  • Christian Zickermann (1672–1726), pastor at Stettin's Peter and Paul Church and historical researcher
  • Jacob Schimmelmann (1712–1778), Lutheran clergyman, lived in Stettin since 1765 and translated the Old Icelandic Edda into High German here
  • Joachim Bernhard Steinbrück (1725–1789), pastor at Stettin's Peter and Paul Church and historical researcher
  • Johann Jacob Meyen (1731–1797), German mathematician, professor at the Academic Gymnasium in Stettin
  • Karl Friedrich Wilhelm Hasselbach (1781–1864), historian and grammar school teacher, head of the Marienstiftsgymnasium from 1828 to 1854
  • August Ferdinand Wasserfuhr (1787–1867), General Division Doctor in the II Army Corps in Stettin
  • Carl Loewe (1796–1869), composer, high school teacher and city music director in Stettin
  • Christian Heß (1803–1874), botanist and weather observer, rector of the Otto School in Stettin from 1835 to 1874
  • Gustav Flügel (1812–1900), composer, organist at the castle church
  • Wolf Alois Meisel (1815–1867), first rabbi employed by the Jewish community in Szczecin (from 1848 to 1859)
  • Theodor Wehrmann (1819-1892), grammar school teacher, worked in Stettin as a provincial school council from 1856 until his death
  • Wilhelm Kornhardt (1821–1871), gas industrialist and manufacturer, director of the Szczecin gasworks and co-founder of the Szczecin chamotte factory F. Didier
  • Hermann Grieben (1822–1890), journalist and poet, worked on the Ostsee-Zeitung from 1850/1851 and from 1853 to 1859 on the Pommerschen Zeitung in Stettin
  • Johannes Quistorp (1822–1899), industrialist, benefactor of the city
  • Heinrich Friedrich Haker (1823–1907), merchant, from 1885 head of the Stettin merchant class
  • Otto Haupt (1824–1899), German school director, head of the Empress Auguste Viktoria School in Stettin
  • Friedrich Wilhelm Gesenius (1825–1888), Anglicist, founded the Gesenius Higher Girls' School in Stettin
  • Christian Wilhelm Ludwig Abel (1826-1892), German military doctor, was doctor general of the II Army Corps in Stettin
  • Gottfried von Bülow (1831–1907), archivist and historian, head of the Stettin State Archives
  • August Todt (1833–1900), German organist and composer, worked in Stettin from 1863
  • Wilhelm Heinrich Meyer (1834–1896), German businessman and author, unpaid city councilor and co-owner of the F. Hessenland company in Stettin
  • Hugo Lemcke (1835–1925), German historian, director of the city high school from 1881 to 1906
  • Thekla von Hünerbein (1840–1902), German deaconess, founded and directed the deaconess house Stift Salem in Stettin
  • Heinemann Vogelstein (1841–1911), liberal rabbi, worked in Stettin from 1880
  • Hugo Rühl (1845–1922), gymnastics teacher, city school council and sports official
  • Karl Böddeker (1846–1924), English studies, Romance studies and textbook author, director of the Kaiserin-Auguste-Viktoria-Schule from 1898 to 1916
  • Paul Lehmann (1850–1930), German geographer, headed the Schiller Realgymnasium in Stettin from 1890 to 1913
  • Fritz Godow (1851–1932), Low German writer, secondary school teacher in Stettin
  • Siegmund Schlichting (1853–1924), German composer, worked in Stettin from 1880 and composed the Stettiner Kreuzpolka
  • Karl August Schuchardt (1856–1901), surgeon and gynecologist, worked from 1889 at the surgical clinic of the municipal hospital
  • Hildegard Voigt (1856–1936), writer, lived in Stettin from an early age
  • Philipp Gretscher (1859–1937) German singer and composer, worked in Stettin from 1901
  • Alfred Haas (1860–1950), historian, folklorist and high school teacher; Collector of Pomeranian sagas
  • Fritz Herbert (1860–1925), founder of the newspaper Volksbote , member of the Reichstag, consumer cooperative, member of the GEG supervisory board
  • Carl von Wichmann (1860–1922), commander of the fusilier regiment "Queen Victoria of Sweden" (Pomeranian) No. 34 from 1913 until the outbreak of war
  • Wilhelm von Beczwarzowski (1862–1932), member of the staff of the Fusilier Regiment “Queen Victoria of Sweden” (Pomeranian) No. 34 from 1913 to 1915
  • Hugo Kaeker (1864–1940), German school teacher and writer, from 1890 school principal in Stettin
  • Ulrich Hildebrandt (1870–1940), church musician, organist at the castle church
  • Otto Walter (1872–1925), German lawyer and writer, worked as a public prosecutor in Szczecin
  • Paul Richter (1873–1945), German doctor and writer, worked as a gynecologist in Stettin from 1901
  • Otto Bollnow (1877–1959), school teacher and local researcher, worked in Stettin from 1902 to 1914, most recently at the 2nd girls' middle school
  • Hermann Bernhard Braeuning (1880–1946), founder and director of the tuberculosis hospital in Hohenkrug
  • Erwin Ackerknecht (1880–1960), head of the Stettin City Library from 1907 to 1945
  • Paul Robien (1882–1945), pioneer of the environmental movement, lived in the Mönne nature reserve at the mouth of the Ostoderm into Lake Damm
  • Otto Kunkel (1895–1984), prehistoric, until 1945 director of the Pomeranian State Museum in Stettin
  • Hans Bernhard Reichow (1899–1974), architect and town planner, from 1936 to 1945 building director in Stettin
  • Piotr Celeban (* 1985), Polish football player

Prussian governors of the Stettin Fortress


  • Fr. Thiede: Chronicle of the City of Stettin - Edited from documents and the most reliable historical news. Müller, Stettin 1849, 936 pages; Detailed city chronicle ( full text ) reaching up to the middle of the 19th century .
  • Heinrich Berghaus : History of the city of Stettin, the capital of Pomerania - topographically and statistically described in all directions of its political, civil, mercantile and church life. Two volumes, Berlin / Wriezen 1875–1876 (first volume 1102 pages, second volume 1115 pages).
  • Travel books from yesteryear - Stettin, reprint from 1929, a guide through the harbor and industrial city in the countryside. Stettiner Verkehrsverein GmbH, Stettin, Berliner Tor Nr. 5, Verlag Gerhard Rautenberg, Leer 1989, ISBN 3-7921-0387-7 .
  • Otto Kunkel , Hans Bernhard Reichow : Stettin - the way it was. Photographed contemporary history Droste, 2nd edition, Droste, Düsseldorf 1975, ISBN 3-7700-0351-9 .
  • Gustav Kratz : The cities of the province of Pomerania - an outline of their history, mostly according to documents. Berlin 1865 (reprinted in 1996 by Sendet Reprint Verlag, Vaduz, ISBN 3-253-02734-1 ), pp. 376-412 ( full text ). (The city chronicle with numerous references goes back to the 1860s.)
  • Martin Wehrmann : History of the City of Szczecin. Weltbild, Augsburg 1993 (unmodified reprint of the 1911 edition of Stettin), ISBN 3-89350-119-3 . (Last major city chronicle in German.)
  • Royal Statistical Bureau: The municipalities and manors of the province of Pomerania and their people. Edited and compiled from the original materials of the general census of December 1, 1871. Berlin 1874, pp. 32-33.
  • Ernst Völker: Stettin - data and images on the city's history. G. Rautenberg, Leer 1986, ISBN 3-7921-0317-6 .
  • Szczecin - A guide through the harbor and industrial city in the countryside. Ed. Stettiner Verkehrsverein GmbH (1929), Stettin, Berliner Tor Nr. 5, reprint of this edition by the publishing house G. Rautenberg, Leer 1989, ISBN 3-7921-0387-7 .
  • Bernd Aischmann: Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, excluding the city of Stettin. A historical perspective . 2nd Edition. Thomas Helms Verlag, Schwerin 2009, ISBN 978-3-935749-89-3 .
  • Stettin-Szczecin 1945–1946, Documents-Memories, Documenty-Wspomnienia. Hinstorff, Rostock 1995, ISBN 3-356-00528-6 . Documents and eyewitness reports from 1945–1946.
  • Olgierd Rozycycki, Jaroslaw Filipiak: Stettin on old postcards , ROLHELP publishing house, Szezecin 1997, ISBN 83-904200-5-8 .
  • Jan Musekamp : Between Stettin and Szczecin - Metamorphoses of a City from 1945 to 2005. Publications of the German Poland Institute, Harrassowitz Verlag, Wiesbaden 2010, ISBN 978-3-447-06273-2 ( limited preview ).
  • The state forces of the Prussian monarchy under Friedrich Wilhelm III. Volume 3, p. 213 digitized .
  • Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. Province of Pomerania - city district of Stettin. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
  • Gunthard Stübs, Pomeranian Research Association: The urban district of Stettin in the former province of Pomerania . (2011).

General representations

  • Roswitha Schieb: The feeling of provisionality is gradually disappearing - the former German Hanseatic city of Szczecin was a stepchild in Poland for a long time - now it shines in a new cultural splendor. In: Neue Zürcher Zeitung international edition (NZZ Intern). Friday, April 15, 2016, features section, p. 27, (full-page, with 2 illustrations)
  • Grażyna Kling, Wolfgang Kling: Poland: Baltic Sea & Masuria . Peter Meyer Verlag, Frankfurt 2007, ISBN 978-3-89859-139-3 . (In it 48 pages on Stettin and the island of Wollin).
  • Herman Schulze: The port of Szczecin . Reprint in: Yearbook Hafenbautechnischen Gesellschaft 1922/23. Hamburg 1926.
  • Eckhard Wendt: Stettiner Lebensbilder (= publications of the Historical Commission for Pomerania . Series V, Volume 40). Böhlau, Cologne / Weimar / Vienna 2004, ISBN 3-412-09404-8 .
  • Ernst Zahnow : Hiking destinations in and around Szczecin. A guide for schools, youth associations and friends of home. Leon Saunier, Stettin 1933.

Web links

Wiktionary: Stettin  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations
Commons : Szczecin  - Album with pictures, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Szczecin  - travel guide
Wikisource: Stettin  - sources and full texts

Individual evidence

  1. a b population. Size and Structure by Territorial Division. As of June 30, 2019. Główny Urząd Statystyczny (GUS) (PDF files; 0.99 MiB), accessed December 24, 2019 .
  2. a b Project sketch for the German-Polish development concept for the metropolitan region of Szczecin ( Memento from July 8, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) (government portal MV).
  3. ^ Potsdamer Neue Nachrichten , accessed on June 14, 2012.
  4. ^ Günter Wiegelmann, Ruth-Elisabeth Mohrmann: Food and table culture in the Hanseatic area. (Contributions to folk culture in Northwest Germany 91) Múnster / New York: Waxmann 1996 ISBN 978-3-89325-430-9 , pp. 438-440 with reference to Karl Kaiser: Atlas der Pommerschen Volkskunde from 1936
  5. Edward August Pitzschky: The coat of arms of the city of Szczecin. In: Baltic Studies. AF, Volume 14, No. 1, Stettin 1850, pp. 26-41 ( ).
  6. ( page no longer available , search in web archives: Regulamin Insygniów Miasta )@1@ 2Template: Dead Link /
  8. ^ Gustav Kratz : The cities of the province of Pomerania - outline of their history, mostly according to documents . Berlin 1865, 163-164 .
  9. ^ Anna B. Kowalska: Civitas et urbs Stetinum. From the History of the Northern Part of the Old Town. Szczecin: Muzeum Narodowe w Szczecinie , 2015, p. 17. ISBN 978-83-63365-23-3 .
  10. Historical view from 1729: Delineatio Obsidionis Urbis Stetini in Pomerania à Cesareanis et Confoederatis incaeptae d. Septemb. et derelictae d. … Novemb. Anni 1659 . ( Digitized version )
  11. ^ Meyers Konversationslexikon , 6th edition, Leipzig and Berlin 1909, 19th volume, p. 10.
  12. ^ A b Meyers Konversations-Lexikon . 6th edition, Volume 19, Leipzig and Vienna 1909, p. 9.
  13. Günter Köhler: The history of the Landesfrauenklinik Stettin , Stettiner Bürgerbrief No. 24 (1998), pp. 40–52.
  14. According to Scheffler, 825 to 842 Jews on this transport came from Stettin - see p. Alfred Gottwaldt, Diana Schulle: The "Deportations of Jews" from the German Reich, 1941–1945. Wiesbaden 2005, ISBN 3-86539-059-5 , p. 34 with note 3.
  15. Atlantica: The new large satellite world atlas . P. 67.
  16. ^ Communication on the Tripartite Conference of Berlin ("Potsdam Agreement")
  17. Euroregion Pomerania
  18. ^ Pomeranian document book. 1st volume. 2nd Edition. Böhlau, Cologne / Vienna 1970, No. 30.
  19. ^ Pomeranian document book . 1st volume. 2nd Edition. Böhlau, Cologne / Vienna 1970, no.213.
  20. Alexandra Petrulevich: 'On the etymology of at Jómi, Jumne and Jómsborg', p. 67
  21. a b c Martin Wehrmann: History of the City of Stettin. P. 5.
  22. ^ Fr. Thiede: Chronicle of the City of Stettin. P. 10
  23. ^ Gustav Kratz: The cities of the province of Pomerania. P. 376
  24. MP z 1946 r. No. 44, poz. 85
  25. ^ Encyklopedia Szczecina, ISBN 978-83-942725-0-0
  26. ^ Treasures of the Pomeranian Library , (Ed. Książnica Pomorska im. Stanisława Staszica w Szczecinie), Szczecin 2010, 4th revised edition, ISBN 978-83-87879-78-5 .
  27. Today the Pomeranian State Museum has its new headquarters in Greifswald.
  28. ( Page no longer available , search in web archives: SZCZECIN 2016 )@1@ 2Template: Dead Link /
  29. Wroclaw as Capital of Culture 2016 ( Memento of the original from July 18, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  30. ^ The Pomeranian Newspaper. No. 29/2008, p. 4.
  31. ^ A commitment to culture in FAZ of September 12, 2014, p. 14.
  33. List on the website of the City of Szczecin .
  34. ^ List of Greifswald twin cities
  35. ^ The Pomeranian Newspaper. No. 34/2010, pp. 1-2.
  36. Bundeswehr administrative offices abroad at
  38. Rocznik statystyczny Szczecina 2014 , Urząd Statystyczny w Szczecinie, ISSN 1896-2718 (Statistics Office of Stettin, on CD-Rom)
  39. - Poland's unemployment statistics , accessed on May 16, 2017
  40. ^ E. Wendt & Co. (Ed.): Overview of the Prussian Merchant Navy . Stettin January 1848, p. 17th ff . ( online [accessed June 4, 2015]).
  41. ^ Peter Kleinort: Poland: More port handling . In: Daily port report of March 31, 2015, p. 13.
  42. ^ DVV Media Group GmbH: Poland: Contract for Szczecin S-Bahn signed . In: Eurailpress . ( [accessed on July 26, 2017]).
  43. ^ Trams in Szczecin private website
  44. → Offer advice → Country tickets or SWT.
  45. ^ Biuletyn Informacji Publicznej Urzędu Miasta Szczecin: Honorowi Obywatele Miasta Szczecin
  46. ^ Result on the website of the Election Commission, accessed on July 21, 2020.
  47. ^ Result on the website of the Election Commission, accessed on July 21, 2020.