Bernau near Berlin
|coat of arms||Germany map|
Coordinates: 52 ° 41 ′ N , 13 ° 35 ′ E
|Height :||68 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||104.16 km 2|
|Residents:||40,031 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||384 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||16321|
|Primaries :||03338 (033397 in the forest settlement )|
|License plate :||BAR, BER, EW|
|Community key :||12 0 60 020|
|City structure:||Main town and 8 districts|
City administration address :
16321 Bernau near Berlin
|Mayor :||André Stahl ( The Left )|
|Location of the city of Bernau near Berlin in the Barnim district|
Bernau bei Berlin [ bɛɐ̯ˈnaʊ̯ ] (pronounced final pronouncement) is a large district town and middle center in the Barnim district with a good 40,000 inhabitants and is located there a few kilometers northeast of the Berlin city limits.
The city center of Bernau is located 5.9 kilometers northeast of the city limits of Berlin , the southwest border of Bernau bei Eichwerder is 3 kilometers from the Berlin district of Buch . The river Panke, which was navigable until the end of the 19th century, rises in the urban area of Bernau and flows into the Spree in Berlin . Bernau is one of the eleven main stations on the Märkische Eiszeitstraße .
- Neighboring communities
The city borders in the north and northeast on the city of Biesenthal and the municipality of Rüdnitz of the Biesenthal-Barnim office , in the east on the city of Werneuchen , in the south on the municipality Ahrensfelde and in the southwest on the municipality Panketal and in the west and north on the municipalities Wandlitz (Districts Schönwalde , Basdorf , Wandlitz and Lanke ). All neighboring communities are free of office.
A special feature is the local border between the two settlements Birkholzaue (district of Bernau) and Elisenau (district of Blumberg in the municipality of Ahrensfelde). The west side of Landesstraße 31 (L 31) is the local border of the two spatially not separated settlements. Therefore there are two different entrance and exit signs to the left and right of the street.
The following districts belong to the city of Bernau :
- Birkenhöhe (district since June 4, 2014)
- Birkholz (incorporated December 6, 1993, district since June 4, 2014)
- Birkholzaue (district since June 4, 2014)
- Börnicke (incorporated December 31, 2002)
- Ladeburg (incorporated July 1, 2001)
- Lobetal (incorporation December 31, 2002)
- Schönow (incorporation October 26, 2003)
- Waldfrieden (district since February 10, 2016)
There are also the residential areas Bernau Süd, Blumenhag, Eichwerder, Friedenstal, Gieses Plan, Helenenau, Kirschgarten, Liepnitz, Lindow, Neubauernsiedlung, Nibelungen, Puschkinviertel, Rehberge, Rollberg, Rutenfeld, Schmetzdorf, Stadtkern, Thaerfelde, Viehtrift, Waldsiedlung and Woltersdorf.
From the origins of the city to the 17th century
As archaeological sources show, Bernau has been around since the Mesolithic period before 7000 BC. A settlement place. The city was founded at the beginning of the 13th century. The exact circumstances are unclear, as all documents were destroyed in large fires in 1406 and 1484. On St. George's Day (April 23rd) in 1432, the citizens of Bernau succeeded in repelling an attack by the Hussites , who destroyed and plundered numerous cities on their campaign through Lusatia (March 18th – May 5th, 1432). Since 1832, this event has been commemorated annually with the three-day Bernau Hussite Festival (except during the GDR period ).
In the Middle Ages, beer and cloth production made the city famous far beyond the borders of the Mark Brandenburg. For centuries, the beer was considered the best in the market, and the good shelf life made it an export hit. In the 17th century, 30,000 tons of beer were still being delivered to other cities and communities - also outside of the Mark Brandenburg region. In the local history museum, magnificent drinking vessels, drag cans and dispensing equipment give an impression of the beer brewery in Bernau.
During the witch hunts from 1536 to 1658, 25 women and three men were persecuted, tortured and executed in witch trials for alleged sorcery, including Dorothea Meermann and Catarina Selchow . The artist Annelie Grund created the memorial for the victims of the witch hunt in Bernau with the inscription: " Accused of witchcraft , tortured, killed". It was inaugurated on October 31, 2005. The city council of Bernau near Berlin decided on April 6, 2017 the socio-ethical rehabilitation of the victims of the witch trials.
The strong city walls made any attack on the city difficult. In 1598 the plague raged so badly that 1137 people died of it in that year alone. The Thirty Years' War and the plague made Bernau an impoverished and deserted city. This only changed when Elector Friedrich III. French religious refugees ( Huguenots ) brought into the country. In 1699 25 families were admitted to Bernau. Among them were excellent craftsmen, farmers, scientists and merchants. Buildings have been preserved from the city's heyday into the 21st century.
From the 19th century to the end of World War II
Between 1806 and 1815 the inhabitants suffered greatly from the occupation of French soldiers, as the city was an important stopover for the French army.
Since 1817 Bernau belonged to the Niederbarnim district in the Prussian province of Brandenburg .
in the 19th century the city experienced a new boom. On July 30, 1842, the Berlin - Eberswalde railway line was inaugurated by the Berlin-Szczecin Railway Company . Since 1924 the first electrically operated city express train has connected Bernau with Berlin. The proximity to the up-and-coming capital also favored the commercial boom in Bernau. However, growth and industrialization did not remain without conflicts, and branches of the socialist labor movement formed in Bernau from the middle of the 19th century.
Around the year 1927, the built Reichswehr , from which in 1935 Wehrmacht was on a previously unused area at the Schwanebeck Chaussee the Army Clothing Office . The building complex, consisting of a winding main house and several assigned individual houses, was made from splinter-proof concrete , which was clad with bricks . The building and the up to 1,300 employees there have been considered important to the war effort since its construction . This is where the uniforms for the Wehrmacht troops were made, and they were also stored here. Even after intensive re-use between 1945 and 1991, the original lettering in Gothic script such as Smoking forbidden has been preserved.
The federal school of the General German Trade Union Federation (ADGB) was expropriated on May 2, 1933 to become a Reichsführer-school of the NSDAP and the DAF . The opening on July 16, 1933 took place in the presence of Hitler. From 1936 to 1945 the security service school of the security police and SD was in the building . From the summer of 1943 there was a satellite camp of the Sachsenhausen concentration camp in the city , from which 300 prisoners were deployed to work in a police station. A memorial in front of the train station on a green area on Breitscheidstrasse has been commemorating the victims of fascism, including among Sinti and Roma , since September 11, 1949 .
On the morning of April 20, 1945, Bernau was captured by the Red Army . The city was largely spared from destruction during the Second World War . For the Soviet victims, a Soviet honorary cemetery was built in the city park, where 425 fallen soldiers are buried.
From 1945 until German reunification
In April 1945, at the age of 19, Konrad Wolf was the first Soviet city commander for a short time. He processed this formative experience in the DEFA film I was nineteen .
With the invasion of the Soviet Army , the former Army Clothing Office became a supply and supply depot. The walled facility later became the location of the 90th Panzer Division of the Soviet Forces Group in Germany . The soldiers and officers moved into the buildings and also used them for cultural purposes. Tank garages, sports facilities and other commercial buildings were gradually added to the site.
In the 1980s, large parts of Bernau's old town, which mostly consisted of half-timbered houses , were demolished and largely replaced by new buildings in uniform panel construction . A renovation of the dilapidated old building, which was also discussed, was too expensive for those responsible at the time. Bernau thus became one of three model cities for how the GDR dealt with the preservation of monuments - while large areas of this city were being demolished, Greifswald saw a mixture of demolitions and renovations, and in the city of Quedlinburg, the old town was largely secured and renovated, the latter has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since the 2000s .
From 1952 to 1990 Bernau was the district town of the district of the same name in the GDR district of Frankfurt (Oder) .
Despite the political and administrative changes (the formation of the new state of Brandenburg ), Bernau remained a district town until 1993. It was not until an administrative reform in 1993 that the city lost this status and was incorporated into the newly formed district of Barnim . Since the addition near Berlin , in contrast to numerous other places with the name Bernau , was used earlier, the city has been officially wearing it since April 1, 1999. Since January 1, 2011, Bernau has had the status of a large district city .
Not until 1991 - after German reunification , the Red Army withdrew completely and left behind primitive wall paintings, old wall newspapers and maps of Europe in some of the interiors of the former Army Clothing Office. Personal equipment such as tattered military clothing was also found. The cleared area fell into a deep sleep that was only disturbed by graffiti sprayers. Over the course of the next 25 years, they painted all accessible rooms. Here (as of May 2018) you can find pictures of the best regional street art artists such as Tobo or Anders "Strøk" Gjennestad .
After endless attempts to use the site such as the settlement of a car park at the beginning of the 21st century, an investor was found in 2017. He plans to build a total of 2000 apartments on the site or to accommodate them in the buildings to be reconstructed and listed (around 1400). The remaining 600 or so apartments will be new buildings. In addition, day care centers , a school and shops are being built. Extensive tree felling and demolition work can be seen in spring 2018. As early as the end of the 1990s, a small area in the north area on the Chaussee had been cleared, where a Lidl supermarket was located and a number of apartments were built.
Origin of the city
According to legend, the Ascanian Albrecht the Bear , founder of the Mark Brandenburg in 1157 and its first margrave , founded a city as early as 1140. After a hunt in the heath north of Berlin, he had a beer poured out while resting in an inn. “Because this appealed to him so extraordinarily well,” he is said to have decided to found a city at this very point. He finally ordered the residents of the former villages of Schmetzdorf, Lindow and Lüpenitz to move to the new town. This got the name Bärnau after its founder . "The previous villages disappeared or only remained as small, insignificant settlements, but the good reputation of the beer could still be maintained."
Regarding this legend, it should be noted: There is not a single documentary evidence that Albrecht the Bear actually stayed in the later march between the Elbe and Oder, unlike his son Otto I , who ultimately served as margrave together with his father . Around 1140, the Slavic Lutizians still ruled in the Bernau area ; they had no inns ( tabernae ); also nothing is known about Slavic beer production. City foundations east of the Elbe have only been known since 1159. The central Slavic places were ramparts . The derivation of the place name Bernau from "Bear" (or even from Albrecht the Bear) is - as in Berlin - folk etymology . The most likely derivation from the Slavic personal name Barnim (the name of numerous Pomeranian princes ).
Why there are no queues around Bernau
When the Bernau bell was cast, residents were told to donate all of their metal for casting the bell. Everyone brought what metal they could lack. When an old woman, disreputed as a witch, opened her apron and put adders and other snakes in the embers, there was great dismay. But the sound of the Bernauer bell has frightened all snakes until today. To this day there are no poisonous snakes in and around Bernau.
Bernauer beer was known nationwide early on and was available in many taprooms. A Bernau journeyman who was doing an apprenticeship in Berlin was apparently not aware of this. When his teacher asked him to get a pot of Bernauer beer, he set off for Bernau. His parents feared that his teacher would be very angry because he stayed away for so long, because he could have bought Bernauer beer in Berlin. The journeyman set off with a bad conscience. When recruiters convinced him that he would rather serve his country as a soldier than receive blows from his master, he buried the pot with the beer. Years later, he was now a captain , he stopped by his old master again. The conversation turned to the apprentice, and he made himself known. They went to the spot and found a pot of beer which years later still tasted excellent.
The city council of Bernau near Berlin has 36 city councilors and the full-time mayor . The last local election took place on May 26, 2019.
|Party / group of voters||Seats|
|BVB / Free Voters||8th|
|Alliance for Bernau||3|
The office of mayor has been documented in Tobias Seiler's chronicle since 1406. Until 1662 there were always four mayors who changed regularly, so that two were officiating and two were advising. After that there were two mayors, one governing and one advisory.
From 1719 the mayors did not change any more and remained permanently in office. On the one hand there was the directing or mayor of justice (Consul dirigens), who not only held the highest rank of the city administration, but was also the highest city judge. There was also the mayor of the police (Proconsul), who was responsible for municipal and police affairs. The mayors were freely elected by the city's magistrate , although confirmation by state authorities was necessary.
On December 19, 1808, the order came into force for all cities of the Prussian monarchy, and there was only one mayor. The mayors since this city ordinance were:
According to § 62 of the municipal code of the state of Brandenburg, the mayor of the city is elected by the citizens for a term of eight years. Hubert Handke (CDU) held this position in his third term of office until March 30, 2014. On that day, however, he was removed from his office by a referendum with 60.4 percent of the valid votes. His deputy Michaela Waigand held office as interim mayor until the new election in autumn 2014.
On September 14, 2014, the Bernau residents also had to elect a new mayor during the state elections . Since none of the three candidates achieved an absolute majority, there was a runoff election on September 28, 2014 , in which André Stahl ( Die Linke ) prevailed against Michaela Waigand (CDU) with 60.7 percent and was elected for a term of eight years.
coat of arms
The currently valid coat of arms was approved on June 30, 1992.
Blazon : "In silver on a green lawn a dividing green oak tree with golden fruits, floating above the Brandenburg eagle with armor and clover stems in gold, in front of the trunk a striding black bear with a red tongue and armor."
The colors of the city flag of Bernau near Berlin are: Green - White - Red. The city coat of arms is shown in the white field.
Bernau maintains partnerships with the French city of Champigny-sur-Marne , the Rhineland Meckenheim and the Polish city Skwierzyna (Schwerin an der Warthe).
Sights and culture
- List of architectural monuments in Bernau near Berlin
- List of soil monuments in Bernau near Berlin
- List of natural monuments in Bernau near Berlin
- List of field names in Bernau near Berlin
Bauhaus monument at the Bernau Federal School
Next to the Bauhaus itself , the largest Bauhaus object is located in the north-west of the city - the former federal school of the General German Trade Union Federation . Bernau has been the seat of this school since 1930. After it was closed by the National Socialists in 1933, it was used as a Reichsfuhrer School for the SD and the German Labor Front . From 1945 after the end of the Second World War, the building was initially used as a military hospital for the Red Army and later for the "Fritz Heckert" trade union college of the FDGB . The building, which had been on the list of monuments of the Frankfurt / Oder district since 1977, is also included in the list of monuments of the state of Brandenburg after the fall of the Wall . On behalf of the Berlin Chamber of Crafts, it was renovated in the late 1990s under the direction of BRENNE-Gesellschaft von Architekten mbH . The World Monuments Fund (WMF) in New York awarded the architects the 2008 WMF Knoll Modernism Prize for the renovation . In July 2017, the former federal school was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Large parts of the city wall have been preserved from the Middle Ages . The field stone wall is up to 8 m high and about 1.3 km long (once 1.5 km). The fortification also includes a triple wall and ditch system. The city wall was once provided with 42 Lughaus ( defense towers ), two round towers and three city gates. Remnants of the Lughaus as well as the round towers, the powder and hunger tower are still there. Of the former three city gates, only the stone gate connected to the hunger tower by two battlements has been preserved.
The most important building in the city is the late Gothic St. Mary's Church . It was consecrated in 1519. Inside it hides a winged altar from the school of the Renaissance painter Lucas Cranach the Elder . There are also three rare, evangelical confessionals that were purchased in 1729 at the instigation of Pastor Tobias Seiler. North of the church is the city's oldest school, the 16th century Latin school .
Outside the city wall is the Sankt-Georgen-Hospital , a foundation of the rich cloth makers' guild and wool weavers from the year 1328, to which the St. Georgen Chapel also belongs. There is also the Catholic parish church Herz-Jesu, consecrated in 1908, near the train station.
Residential houses and sculptures
The oldest residential building in the city is the Kantorhaus , which was built in 1582/83 and housed the music school from 1983 to 2010. After the building became the property of the city in 2012, it is now to be extensively restored and given a new use.
The historic city center , which is bounded by the city wall, was built on with small, mostly half-timbered houses until 1975 . These buildings, built primarily at the beginning of the 19th century, were in poor condition and were not renovated during the GDR due to lack of financial resources. Instead, the city was designed to be architecturally remodeled into a socialist model city. The old buildings in the inner city were largely removed and replaced by prefabricated buildings. However, care was taken to ensure that the new buildings fit into the cityscape and that their height is limited to four floors. In the “Schwarzer Adler” restaurant , a building from the 15th / 16th centuries. Century, the planning for the first Hussite festival took place in May 1832 .
In 2015 the city fountain was inaugurated on the market square in front of the town hall. According to the design by the sculptor Jörg Engelhardt , wild animals of different sizes made of bronze - from lizards to birds to bears - symbolize the various districts of Bernau on sandstone blocks .
The classicist town hall from 1805, which was renovated between 1995 and 2002, is located on the market square . On the side wing of the town hall is a history book in bronze created by the sculptor Horst Engelhardt . The history of Bernau is presented in five segments based on historical events.
A referendum took place in 2014 to clarify whether Bernau should afford a new town hall instead of the administrative building at 25 Mayor Street, which is in great need of renovation . At the same time one has been design competition initiated for architects. After widespread approval by the population, the city council decided on October 13, 2016 to build a new building instead of converting the existing building from 1965 and then put the construction work out to tender. Studio Inges Architektur und Städtebau won first prize in the design competition . All drafts submitted for the new building were presented to the public for two weeks in 2017 in the Lobetal-Eck .
After the old building was demolished in November 2017, Mayor André Stahl , Brandenburg State Secretary for Infrastructure Ines Jesse and Barnim District Administrator Bodo Ihrke laid the foundation stone for a new town hall in a public ceremony on May 30, 2018 . This new building on the corner of Bürgermeisterstrasse and Grünstrasse will be the municipal service center in addition to the historic and further used town hall. This is where all the offices previously scattered in the urban area will be brought together, a restaurant will be provided on the ground floor and a large event hall ( Citizens' Hall ) in which both city councilors can meet and cultural events will be organized. Even an underground car park with up to 28 parking spaces will be set up, which will also be open to visitors to the offices. And a terrace with a viewing platform is planned on the roof. The mayor and the ministry representative commented on this historic moment with the words: "Most of us will probably only experience once in a lifetime that one can be present at the laying of the foundation stone for a new town hall". [...] “Both the town center and the Gründerzeit ring are impressive. Now it is important to make the city center even livelier and to strengthen important functions. "
The architects designed a six-storey building, the construction of which will cost around 15.8 million euros , of which around 4.3 million euros will be provided by the federal and state government's urban development funding program. The construction work is being carried out under the leadership of the local company Mark A. Krüger.
The topping-out ceremony was held in February 2019 . The new building should be ready for occupancy by the end of 2020.
Technical buildings and other architectural monuments
One of the technical monuments is the Bernau gasworks with the disk gas tank constructed in 1932; the gasometer was in use until 1966. In 1992 the boiler was restored and given its three-fold blue paint.
Another technical monument is the water tower built in 1911 with a height of 43.9 meters.
In the district Birkholzaue is the 115 meter high telecommunications tower Birkholzaue . In contrast to almost all other comparable telecommunications towers, the reinforced concrete tower does not have an antenna carrier on its top, which has earned it the nickname “Bernauer Birzel”.
The Bernau observatory is located on Fliederstrasse in the Blumenhag district and regularly offers public observations of the sky and astronomical lectures.
The war memorial has been located on the northern edge of the old town since 1890 : a column with a statue of Victoria, the goddess of victory . The sculptor Friedrich Thiele created the monument in the Wilhelmine style . Directly opposite is the memorial cemetery for those killed in the Red Army , which was created in Professor Lauermann's art workshop. A few meters further to the southeast, a deserter monument by Friedrich Schötschel is attached to the northern passage of the city wall . The unveiling took place on May 15, 1998, “ Conscientious Objectors ' Day”.
There are two museums in Bernau, the local history museum with stone gate and hangman's house and the Wolf Kahlen Museum . Next to the executioner's house is a memorial created by the artist Annelie Grund for the victims of the witch hunt in Bernau. The memorial was inaugurated on October 31, 2005.
As a forerunner of today's local history museum, the first Hussite museum in the world was founded in Bernau in 1882. Medieval weapons believed to have been looted and taken from the Hussites during the successful defense of the city in 1432 were exhibited. When these came to the Berlin armory for restoration in 1925/26, specialists recognized the medieval armament of the Bernau citizens. Since the 1980s, the collections of the local history museum have been spread over the two locations Steintor and Henkerhaus . The stone gate is the only preserved gate of the city fortifications. In addition to weapons, the development of the city and its industries are shown. The beer brewery, which is important for Bernau, and textile production are highlighted. A model of a Hussite chariot is on display in the former guard room. Right on the city wall is the executioner's house, the former executioner's house. In the half-timbered building, which was built using the stand construction, exhibits from the medieval judiciary and a Hussite room are shown. A vivid picture of everyday life from the 17th to the 19th century is provided by the black kitchen , the old cooking area of which was reconstructed according to architectural archaeological finds.
Wolf Kahlen Museum
The private media and art museum of the media pioneer Wolf Kahlen, born in 1940, is located at the Powder Tower . Representative works with materials and media are shown. On several hundred square meters there is room for the video sculptures and installations, the sound art works and text pieces, the architecture, drawings, photo canvases and internet works to unfold.
- City Park : Created in the 17th century by leveling of ramparts and ditches carried the park design in the 19th century. In the park there are several sculptures that were created by artists in the open air on the occasion of the International Sculpture Symposium and then exhibited, including a work Wandlung Doppelkreuz by the initiator Rudolf J. Kaltenbach .
- Külzpark: named after the German politician and founding chairman of the Liberal Democratic Party of Germany, Wilhelm Külz
- Goethepark : The complex was built in the 1920s and replaced a pharmacy garden laid out in 1878 . In the park there is, among other things, a bronze plastic man with a goat by the sculptor Friedrich Schötschel .
- The most famous city festival is the Hussite Festival, which was first celebrated in 1832. It was traditionally celebrated until the 1950s and not for a few decades thereafter. Only after the fall of the Wall did the city fathers return to the old tradition and have been holding the Hussite Festival every year since 1992 on the second weekend in June, with great participation from residents and tourists. During the parade, more than 1000 participants review the city's history and sometimes dress up as Hussites . On these days, the city park resembles a medieval fair and military camp.
- In autumn, the Early Music Festival takes place in St. Mary's Church. International and national artists and music lovers from near and far meet here. The choice of music is based on the idea of building a musical arc between early music and jazz , whose roots and inspiration are in classical modernism.
- Four times a year there is an arts and crafts market in the Stadtpark am Steintor . Artists and craftsmen present themselves in front of the historical backdrop. There is also music, dance and puppet shows as well as specialties from the region.
- The Bernauer Health Days take place in September .
Economy and Infrastructure
The economy in Bernau is characterized by small-scale business, primarily in the service and trade sector. Big industrial companies do not exist. There was one location of the Lieken large bakery , which employed around 530 people in 2000 and closed in 2011. Weber Motor GmbH moved to the site in 2012 with the production of engines. The company, which belongs to the automotive supplier Weber Automotive GmbH , relocated not only production but also its headquarters from Markdorf to this location.
Otherwise, Bernau has a close relationship with the city of Berlin, to which many residents commute to work. Furthermore, numerous residents are employed in the health facilities. An economic development concept (2001) identified this area of the health economy ( life sciences ) as a growth potential for the city. The proximity to medical facilities in nearby Berlin-Buch is also mentioned as an advantage.
Bernau is on the former Bundesstraße 2 , downgraded in 2003 to the state roads L 200 between Schwanebeck and Eberswalde , as well as on the L 30 between Mühlenbeck and Altlandsberg and L 31 between Lanke and Blumberg .
The federal motorway 11 leads past Bernau from the Berliner Ring to Stettin . The closest connection points are Bernau-Nord (number 15) and Bernau-Süd (number 16). The Bernau-Süd junction was only built in the late 1990s. The Barnim motorway triangle is located near Bernau .
Bernau is connected to the capital by the S 2 line of the Berlin S-Bahn every 20 minutes. In the urban area there are two train stations, the Bernau train station near Berlin (terminus of the S-Bahn) and, since 1997, the Bernau-Friedenstal S-Bahn station in the district of the same name, which has been completely privately financed by a residential park company (now insolvent) . The journey time from Berlin Friedrichstrasse train station to Bernau is around 35 minutes with the S 2 line.
The city is also connected to the regional and long-distance rail network via several lines. The regional express RE3 stops there and runs every hour north via Angermünde alternately to Stralsund Hbf and Schwedt (Oder) . In the south, the line runs on the north-south long-distance line in Berlin via Berlin Hauptbahnhof (travel time approx. 20 minutes) alternately to Falkenberg (Elster) and Lutherstadt Wittenberg .
The regional train RB24 travels north towards Eberswalde Hbf (where there is a connection towards Frankfurt (Oder) and Joachimsthal ) and south via Berlin to Senftenberg .
The trains on the regional express line RE 66 Berlin-Lichtenberg - Szczecin Główny also stop in Bernau.
Intercity trains operated by Deutsche Bahn AG also connect the city with national destinations in Germany (three times on weekdays).
In 2010, the Brandenburg Ministry of Infrastructure and Agriculture carried out a major redesign of the station square with the following individual measures: road and sewer renewal, installation of modern lighting, construction of a stop roof for bus traffic and renovation of the OdF monument. The first construction phase was also financed with federal funds.
Local public transport (ÖPNV)
Barnimer Busgesellschaft mbH (BBG) operates a city bus service within Bernau . Line 868 connects the districts of Bernau Süd, the city center, Bernau-Blumenhag, Bernau-Friedenstal and Schönow with the Bernau train station (near Berlin) every 20 minutes. Line 869 connects the districts of Ladeburg and Lobetal with Bernau train station (near Berlin) every two hours. In Bernau, 15 further regional bus lines of the BBG have their starting point for trips to the Bernau region. Most of the lines start and end at the Bernau bus station not far from the Bernau train station (near Berlin). To make it easier for commuters to switch to public transport, a bicycle parking garage with more than 550 parking spaces was opened in 2013 in the immediate vicinity of the train station.
The Berlin – Usedom long-distance cycle route runs through Bernau and also opens up the region for tourists.
There are several hospital facilities in Bernau. The Immanuel Klinikum Bernau - Heart Center Brandenburg is located in a newly constructed building behind the former Bernau district hospital on Ladeburger Chaussee. The facility is the supporting clinic of the Brandenburg Medical School .
The Tabor Epilepsy Clinic, which belongs to the Hope Valley Foundation , is housed in the reconstructed building of the former district hospital, and the Brandenburg Clinic for Rehabilitation with the specialist areas of neurology, cardiology, orthopedics, pediatrics and psychosomatics is located in the Waldsiedlung . Another facility of the Hope Valley Foundation is located in the Lobetal district . This facility specializes in helping the elderly and the disabled.
With the Immanuel Klinikum Bernau - Heart Center Brandenburg as the supporting hospital, Bernau is the location of the Brandenburg Medical School, a private medical university that was founded on October 28, 2014.
Bernau has four primary schools: the primary school on Blumenhag, the 3rd primary school, the primary school on the Hasenheide in the Nibelungenviertel and the primary school Schönow. Secondary schools are the Paulus-Praetorius-Gymnasium, named after the pedagogue Paulus Praetorius , the Barnim-Gymnasium and two high schools . There is also a Montessori school that teaches according to the principles of the Maria Montessori and an independent Protestant school. There are also three special needs schools, the Johannaschule, Robinsonschule and the school on the Hasenheide in the Nibelungenviertel. The upper school center I Barnim , a branch of the local adult education center Barnim , is used for vocational training and further education . Until 2005 there was also the forest work school of the state of Brandenburg in the Bernau-Waldfrieden district .
The Bernau City Library is located in the city's cultural courtyard and has branches in the Börnicke, Lobetal and Schönow districts. A public bookcase has been in the pedestrian zone since October 2015 .
A local editorial office for the Märkische Oderzeitung , whose content appears every working day in the local Barnim Echo section of the newspaper, is located in Bernau. Furthermore, the advertising papers Märkischer Markt (from the Märkische Oderzeitung) and the Märkische Sonntag appear . The local television station ODF - Fernsehen für Ostbrandenburg , based in Eberswalde, reported on Bernau until April 2020 and also broadcast its program in some parts of the Bernau cable network.
The basketball team of SSV Lokomotive Bernau , formerly Barnim RimRockers and BSG Lok / KIM Bernau in GDR times, plays its home games in the sports hall on Heinersdorfer Straße. Since June 2015 the hall has been named after the "father of basketball in Bernau", Erich Wünsch. In the 2009/10 season, the team managed as second place in the 1st Regionalliga Nord the direct promotion to the third highest German division, the 2nd Basketball Bundesliga Pro B North. In the 2003/04 season, the team played for one season in the second highest basketball league (2. Basketball Bundesliga North). In 2015/16, the team played in the 1st Regionalliga Nord and made it back undefeated to the 2nd Bundesliga ProB.
The soccer teams of TSG Einheit Bernau and FSV Bernau competed in the sixth-class Brandenburg League in the 2018/19 season .
A special offer for running enthusiasts is the 24-hour run in Bernau, which has been held annually at the beginning of September since 2004.
With the system of the RC Speedracer e. V. has one of the largest regional racetracks for RC models . From the 1930s to 1973, the Bernau Loop car racing track was located near Bernau . With the increase in safety requirements in motor racing, the races on the Bernauer Loop were discontinued.
- Georg Scharnweber (1816–1894), Prussian politician, honorary citizen since September 21, 1887
- Konrad Wolf (1925–1982), film director, president of the Akademie der Künste, was the first city commandant of Bernau after the Second World War at the age of 19 in 1945 (film I was nineteen ), an honorary citizen since April 20, 1975
sons and daughters of the town
- Paulus Praetorius (1521–1565), educator and scholar
- Jacobus Bergemann (1527–1595), personal physician to Elector Joachim II , professor of Greek, mathematics and medicine
- Georg Rollehagen (1542–1609), writer, educator and preacher
- Dorothea Meermann (* approx. 1590–1619), like Catarina Selchow, was a victim of the Bernauer witch hunt
- Tobias Seiler (1681–1741), chronicler of Bernaus
- Anton von Dejanicz-Gliszczynski (1820–1905), member of the Reichstag and Landtag ( center )
- August Wernicke (1843–1912), head of the city council and city chronicler
- Hans Strache (1886–1917), classical philologist
- Ernst Koch (1894–1945), chronicler of Bernau
- Charlotte Mäder (* 1905; † unknown), track and field athlete and Olympian
- Günther Kraaz (1908–1996), District Administrator in Wittlich
- Winfrid Hedergott (1919–2002), politician ( FDP ).
- Heinz Germany (* 1934), historian and GDR diplomat
- Hans-Jürgen Buchner (* 1944), musician and composer
- Britta Stark (* 1963), politician, President of the Landtag of Brandenburg
- Michael-Horst Schmidt (1964–1984), fatality on the Berlin Wall
- Anja Bröker (* 1973), TV journalist and presenter ( night magazine )
- Anika Mauer (* 1974), actress
- Sven van Thom (* 1977), guitar pop musician, entertainer and music producer
- Jens Ossada (* 1978), painter, sculptor and author
- Jeanette Biedermann (* 1980), entertainer
- Cordula Busack (* 1986), soccer and handball player
- Paul Maurer (* 1996), football player
Personalities associated with Bernau
- Hermann Duncker (1874–1960), Rector of the Bernau Trade Union College
- Hannes Meyer (1889–1954), architect, built the teachers' houses for the federal school of the General German Trade Union Federation in Bernau
- Elli Voigt (1912–1944), organized the resistance against National Socialism in Schönow and Bernau
- Johanna Olbrich (1926–2004), GDR spy, lived in Bernau
- Günther Maleuda (1931–2012), politician ( DBD ), lived in Bernau
- Wolf Kahlen (* 1940), performance, object and media artist, opened his museum in Bernau
- Marianne Buggenhagen (* 1953), multiple Paralympic winner, lives in Bernau
- Ralf Christoffers (* 1956), politician ( Die Linke ), lives in Bernau
- Dagmar Enkelmann (* 1956), politician (Die Linke), lives in Bernau
- Andreas Müller (* 1961), youth judge in Bernau
- Péter Vida (* 1983), politician (BVB / Free Voters), lives in Bernau
- Bernau . In: Meyers Konversations-Lexikon . 4th edition. Volume 2, Verlag des Bibliographisches Institut, Leipzig / Vienna 1885–1892, p. 773.
- Rudolfügel: The old Bernau. Historical cityscapes . Schelzky & Jeep, Berlin, 1993 ISBN 3-923024-55-X .
- Karl Bülow: Chronicle of the city of Bernau 1945–2000; Part I: Agriculture, Industry, Crafts , 2000.
- Tobias Seiler, Karl Bülow: Chronicle of the City of Bernau 1736. Transfer of the handwritten version by Karl Bülow. Bernau, 1995.
- August Wernicke: Bernauer City Chronicle , district of Bernau, culture u. School administration office, Bernau, 1992 (first edition 1886).
- Demographic report Bernau near Berlin. Bertelsmann Foundation. Gütersloh, 2005.
- Volkmar Gäbler: Wanderführer Wandlitzsee - Liepnitzsee , Tourist Verlag / Verlag Kümmerly + Frey, 1993/94, pp. 18-27, ISBN 3-350-00836-4 .
- Kiek mal, Bernauer story (s) ; Calendar 2011, texts and photos from Bernau. Published by Education-Encounter-Current Events Bernau e. V. (bbz)
- Heinz Germany: The library of the Federal School of the General German Trade Union Federation ( ADGB ) in Bernau (1930-1933), in: Yearbook for Research on the History of the Labor Movement , Volume II / 2003.
- Holger Czitrich-Stahl: On the history of the Bernau workers 'movement from 1848 to 1900, in: Yearbook for research on the history of the workers' movement , issue I / 2013.
- Bernau. Then and now. Illustrated book Märkische Oderzeitung / Culturcon. 2012. ISBN 978-3-941092-81-5 .
- Website of the city of Bernau near Berlin
- When Bernau lost face - rebellion without a chance - project about the demolition of the Bernau city center
- Alt Bernau and its history
- Construction site webcam
- ↑ Population in the State of Brandenburg according to municipalities, offices and municipalities not subject to official registration on December 31, 2019 (XLSX file; 223 KB) (updated official population figures) ( help on this ).
- ↑ Reinhard E. Fischer : The place names of the states of Brandenburg and Berlin: age - origin - meaning . be.bra, Berlin 2005, pp. 209/210
- ↑ a b StBA: Changes in the municipalities of Germany, see 2002 ( Memento from May 19, 2011 in the Internet Archive )
- ↑ StBA: Changes in the municipalities of Germany, see 2001 ( Memento from May 19, 2011 in the Internet Archive )
- ↑ StBA: Changes in the municipalities of Germany, see 2003 ( Memento from May 19, 2011 in the Internet Archive )
- ^ Main statute of the city of Bernau near Berlin
- ↑ The name was chosen after an old desert that was in the Ladeburg district; see Reinhard E. Fischer: The place names of the states of Brandenburg and Berlin , Volume 13 of the Brandenburg Historical Studies on behalf of the Brandenburg Historical Commission, be.bra Wissenschaft verlag, Berlin-Brandenburg 2005, ISBN 3-937233-30-X , ISSN 1860- 2436 , p. 140: Rehberge (BAR). Desert near Ladeburg, 1375 "Rehberger Marke"> (Dorf am) Rehberge <
- ^ Service portal of the state administration Brandenburg. City of Bernau near Berlin
- ↑ Torsten Dressler: Archeology in Bernau near Berlin . 15 years of archeology as part of the renovation of the city center of Bernau near Berlin. Ed .: City of Bernau near Berlin. Bernau 2010, Brief description of the settlement and city history, p. 7 .
- ↑ Heinrich Gottfried Gengler: Regesten and documents on the constitutional and legal history of German cities in the Middle Ages . Erlangen 1863, p. 204 .
- ↑ Names of the victims of the witch trials / witch persecution in Bernau (PDF; 15 kB), accessed on May 9, 2016.
- ↑ Tobias Seiler: Description of the royal and electoral Brandenburg central Brandenburg city of Bernau . 1720 - 1736 (the Bernau city chronicle).
- ↑ Berliner Zeitung: Memorial for the victims of the witch trials in Bernau
- ↑ Süddeutsche Zeitung: The city council of Bernau near Berlin decided on April 6, 2017 the socio-ethical rehabilitation of the victims of the witch trials
- ↑ August Wernicke: Bernauer Stadt-Chronik. From official and other reliable sources. 1894, reprint 1994.
- ↑ Holger Czitrich-Stahl: On the history of the Bernau workers' movement from 1848 to 1900 . In: Yearbook for Research on the History of the Labor Movement , Issue I / 2013.
- ↑ a b c Stefan Henseke: Ruins as canvas . In: Berliner Zeitung , May 2, 2018, p. 15.
- ^ Joachim Wolf: Training place for mass murder. Hate speech was part of the program here: In the former ADGB federal school in Bernau, NSDAP officials were mentally prepared for the criminal goals of National Socialism. bpb, January 18, 2007, accessed July 23, 2016 .
- ^ Found a cassette with contemporary documents
- ↑ Dieter Korczak : Sinti and Roma in the city of Bernau near Berlin , (brochure depicting the fate of eight Sinti / Roma families from Bernau), published in 2019. Presentation of the work in January 2019 in Bernau
- ↑ April 1945: The storm on Berlin. mehrow.de
- ^ Soviet cemetery of honor and memorial in Bernau near Berlin . In: Berlin's Taiga . May 31, 2018 ( berlinstaiga.de [accessed June 30, 2018]).
- ^ Soviet cemetery of honor and memorial in Bernau near Berlin . In: Berlin's Taiga . May 31, 2018 ( berlinstaiga.de [accessed June 30, 2018]).
- ↑ StBA: Changes in the municipalities of Germany, see 1999 ( Memento from May 19, 2011 in the Internet Archive )
- ↑ Law and Ordinance Gazette Land Brandenburg II / No. 89, 2010 (PDF; 116 kB)
- ↑ A legend about the founding of the city
- ^ The foundation of Bernau . In: The Stralauer Fischzug. Legends, stories and customs from old Berlin. Verlag Neues Leben Berlin 1987, ISBN 3-355-00326-3 , p. 129.
- ^ Result of the local election on May 26, 2019
- ↑ Citizens' decision “Voting the mayor” on March 30, 2014
- ^ Municipal code for the state of Brandenburg
- ^ Result of the mayoral election on September 14, 2014
- ↑ Brandenburg Local Election Act, Section 74
- ^ Result of the mayoral election on September 28, 2014
- ↑ Coat of arms information on the service portal of the state administration of Brandenburg
- ↑ International Monument Preservation Prize for the Bernauer Bauhaus School .
- ^ Friedrich Ludwig Müller (Ed.): Curiosities from the monument landscape . Of earthly and heavenly creatures. tape 1 . Monuments publications, Bonn 1998, ISBN 978-3-936942-69-9 , p. 22, 23 (96 pp.).
- ↑ Heimatverein ( Memento from September 23, 2005 in the Internet Archive )
- ↑ Animal water dispenser . In: Märkische Onlinezeitung , May 8, 2015
- ^ Website sculptor Jörg Engelhardt ; accessed on May 26, 2015.
- ^ Website sculptor Horst Engelhardt ; accessed on May 26, 2015.
- ↑ New Bernau Town Hall : visualization, site plan, floor plans, facade details, schematic usage concept , accessed on March 4, 2019.
- ^ Drafts for the new town hall issued on barnim-plus-de.
- ↑ Laying of the foundation stone for the new town hall in Bernau near Berlin on bernau-live.de; accessed on March 4, 2019.
- ↑ a b Bernauer celebrate at the new town hall on www.moz.de, February 23, 2019; accessed on March 4, 2019.
- ↑ a b Sleeve sunk, foundation stone laid , in: Der Blitz , 9./10. June 2018, p. 3: Regional .
- ↑ Numerous pictures from the topping-out ceremony and the previous work such as the archaeological excavations , accessed on March 4, 2019.
- ↑ Everything about the new town hall building on the city website.
- ↑ Gasometer ( Memento from May 30, 2010 in the Internet Archive )
- ↑ Hussite Festival at www.bernau-bei-berlin.de
- ↑ Weber Motor goes to Brandenburg. Press release from Weber Automotive. September 29, 2012. Retrieved July 16, 2017 .
- ↑ Schwäbische Zeitung: Weber Motor left Markdorf on December 29, 2012, accessed on December 30, 2012.
- ^ Construction site sign on Breitscheidstrasse; June 2010
- ↑ Bernau bicycle parking garage. In: Feuerverzinken Magazin - Special Bicycle Parking. Retrieved May 20, 2020 .
- ^ Ricardo Steinicke: SSV Lok Bernau | 2. Basketball Bundesliga · ProB - history. (No longer available online.) In: www.ssv-lok-bernau.de. Archived from the original on October 31, 2016 ; accessed on November 1, 2016 .
- ↑ Bernau has an Erich-Wünsch-Halle . In: Märkische Oderzeitung . ( online [accessed November 1, 2016]).
- ↑ site RC Speed Racer