Schönow (Bernau near Berlin)
City of Bernau near BerlinCoordinates: 52 ° 40 ′ 43 ″ N , 13 ° 32 ′ 3 ″ E
|Height :||69 m above sea level NN|
|Area :||8.63 km²|
|Residents :||6167 (Jan. 1, 2017)|
|Population density :||715 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||October 26, 2003|
|Postal code :||16321|
|Area code :||03338|
Schönow is a district of Bernau near Berlin in Brandenburg , Germany . It is located directly north-northeast of Berlin and has about 6,100 inhabitants.
Schönow is located on the southeastern edge of the Barnim Nature Park with the Schönower Heide nature reserve , between Berlin and Bernau. The next motorway connection is Bernau-Nord ( A11 ), nearby train stations are Zepernick (b Bernau) and Bernau-Friedenstal train stations on the S2 line of the Berlin S-Bahn .
In the south, along the border with Zepernick , the Panke flows .
Schönow has been recorded in the land register of Emperor Charles IV since 1375 . The oldest building is the typical Brandenburg church on the village meadow, built around 1400; at the time still without a tower. The Hussite directed in 1432 Schönow well as in the surrounding places great destruction on. The oldest church book is dated to 1650. In 1751 the church received its first steeple. After a fire in 1860, it was replaced by the brick tower that is still preserved today . From 1825 to 1861 the field marrow was separated. The Landwehr Association was founded in 1851. The road connection Bernau-Schönow-Schönwalde was built in 1897–1898. On the Birkbusch site, the municipality sold heather and meadow land to the city of Berlin until 1908, on which the Hobrechtsfelde Rieselgut was built. Around 1900 numerous residential buildings in the style of the Wilhelminian style and Art Nouveau as well as farm buildings made of brick were built. The population continued to grow in the years that followed.
In 1914, more than 500 residents lived in the community for the first time, which led to the establishment of the volunteer fire brigade on March 8, 1914 . After the First World War , Schönow's development began in 1919 with the establishment of the company “Schulze, Schneider und Dort GmbH”, later the Schönow cable factory, to become an industrial site that was largely dismantled in the early 1990s. In 1958 an institute for research on the reproduction of farm animals was founded in Schönow. This was restructured in 1993 and is now an important point of contact for German animal breeding. At the beginning of the 20th century there was an observatory on Kantstrasse , which was dismantled after the Second World War .
A memorial from 1947 on Dorfstrasse next to the church commemorates murdered opponents of the Nazi regime around the resistance fighter Anton Saefkow (see Saefkow-Jacob-Bästlein-Organization ). Under the “ FIR ” sign, the names and dates are on the board: “8.2.09 Wolfgang Knabe 30.11.43 / 11.2.09 Willi Seng 27.7.44 / 22.2.12 Elli Voigt 8.12.44 / 26.8.99 Auguste Haase 8.12 .44 / 29.5.02 Erich Mielke 15.1.45 / 8.12.80 Waldemar Ploteck 15.1.45 ". The school was named after Wolfgang Knabe until 1990.
After the reunification of Germany, the village of Schönow was one of seven independent municipalities of the Panketal office . Since October 26, 2003, Schönow has belonged to the city of Bernau near Berlin as a district.
As with many places in the affluent suburbs of Berlin, the population has increased dramatically in Schönow after reunification.
There is a primary school and several day-care centers , and secondary schools can be reached by school bus. Several small and medium-sized companies are based in Schönow. Most of the residents commute to Berlin or other places in Brandenburg.
Personalities of the place
- Elli Voigt (1911–1944), organized the resistance against National Socialism in Schönow as part of the Saefkow-Jacob-Bästlein organization
- Klaus-Jürgen Kluge (1948–1969), who died on the Berlin Wall , was born in Schönow and is buried in the cemetery there
- ↑ a b City of Bernau near Berlin (ed.): Schönow - Discovering Schönow , October 2012
- ↑ Regina Scheer: Dealing with the Monuments - A Research in Brandenburg Page 37 ( Memento of the original dated December 2, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF; 1.6 MB)
- ^ StBA: Changes in the municipalities in Germany, see 2003