|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Height :||123 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||120.44 km 2|
|Residents:||23,798 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||198 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postcodes :||06484, 06485|
|Primaries :||03946, 039485|
|License plate :||HZ, HBS, QLB, WR|
|Community key :||15 0 85 235|
|LOCODE :||DE QUE|
|City structure:||7 districts|
City administration address :
|Lord Mayor :||Frank Ruch ( CDU )|
|Location of the city of Quedlinburg in the Harz district|
|Collegiate church, castle and old town of Quedlinburg|
|UNESCO world heritage|
|Roofs of the old town, from the castle hill to the north
|Reference No .:||535|
|UNESCO region :||Europe and North America|
|History of enrollment|
|Enrollment:||1994 (session 18)|
Quedlinburg ([ ˈkveːdlɪnbʊrk ], Low German Queddelnborg , official nickname also World Heritage City Quedlinburg ) is a town on the Bode north of the Harz in the Harz district ( Saxony-Anhalt ). Mentioned for the first time in 922 and granted city charter in 994, the city was the seat of the royal palatinate secular rulers, who were visited at Easter, from the 10th to the 12th centuries, and for almost 900 years it was a women's monastery (initially spiritual, after the Reformation free world) .
In the historic old town with its cobblestone streets, winding alleys and small squares there are over 2000 half-timbered houses from eight centuries. On the market is the Renaissance town hall with the Roland statue , south of it the Schlossberg with the Romanesque collegiate church and the cathedral treasure as evidence of the Quedlinburg women's monastery. The Munzenberg with the Romanesque monastery church of St. Marien and in the valley in between the Romanesque church of St. Wiperti , the adjoining abbey garden and the Brühl Park are also part of the world cultural heritage.
The city lies in the northern Harz foreland on average Magdeburg . The immediately adjacent heights reach about . The city lies in the river bed of the Bode , with the larger part west of the river. The urban area has an area of 78.14 square kilometers., 50 km southwest of the state capital
Quedlinburg is located in the middle of the Quedlinburger saddle , a narrow saddle that crosses the city from northwest to southeast. This includes the Quedlinburger Schlossberg with its extension over the Münzenberg- Strohberg, the Hamwarte located to the north and the Altenburg located to the south .
The Harz North Rim Fault lies further to the south . The Mesozoic rock layers are bent up and partially broken off parallel to the northern edge of the raised Harz Mountains . The changing layers of differently resistant Mesozoic rocks (Jurassic, Chalk, Muschelkalk) form partially exposed stratified ribs that are cut across by the Bode as striking ridges. The most striking ridge is the Teufelsmauer .
During the Elster and Vistula glacial periods , the ice had reached the edge of the Harz, while the region was not covered with ice in the last glacial period ( Saale glacial period ). Aeolian ceilings formed during the high glacial phases . These loess layers, which were blown up over a large area, overlaid the older solid and loose rock and were later converted into high-quality black earth soils. These are the southern foothills of the fertile Magdeburg Börde .
The most striking stratified rib in the Harz foreland - the Teufelsmauer southwest of Quedlinburg
On the Lehof rock, sandstone rock north of Quedlinburg
The city is located in the temperate climate zone . The average annual temperature in Quedlinburg is 8.8 ° C. The warmest months are July and August with an average of 17.8 and 17.2 ° C and the coldest January and February with an average of 0.1 and 0.4 ° C. Most of the precipitation falls in June with an average of 57 millimeters, the lowest in February with an average of 23 millimeters.
Foehn principle - Quedlinburg in the rain shadow of the Harz Mountains
The Harz is an obstacle in the westerly wind drift coming from the southwest . Due to the height ( Brocken at ) the air masses are forced to rise and rain down in the process. The north-eastern side lies in the rain shadow of the Harz Mountains. Quedlinburg is located in this area with one of the lowest annual precipitation in Germany of only 438 millimeters (for comparison: Cologne approximately 798 millimeters). Since the months of December, January and February have the lowest precipitation values and the strongly decreasing trend already begins in late autumn, one can speak of a Quedlinburg "winter dryness". During the overall evaluation of the 2100 measuring stations of the German Weather Service , which was carried out for the first time in 2010 , it was found that Quedlinburg was the driest place in Germany in August 2010 with 72.4 liters per square meter (= mm ). There are 177 frost-free days per year, while permafrost prevails on 30 days. A closed snow cover is available on less than 50 days and the sunshine duration is 1422 hours per year.
Average monthly temperatures and precipitation for Quedlinburg
Source: Precipitation: monthly values 1951–1980 Braunschweig Ostfalen region, temperatures: monthly values 1911–1915, duration of sunshine, rainy days
Data from the Quedlinburg climate station, founded in 1887 (51 ° 47 ′, 11 ° 09 ′, H = 123 m), closed in 2000, re-established in 2006 (51 ° 48 ′, 11 ° 09 ′ H = 142 m)
The historic core city is divided into the former royal property with the Westendorf, the Castle Hill, the St. Wiperti Church and the Munzenberg. To the north is the old town, founded in 994, and to the east is the new town, founded in the 12th century. In between, in the 13./14. In the 19th century the stone bridge was laid and the Word drained. North of the old town is the medieval suburb Gröpern.
A belt of villas in Art Nouveau style was built around this medieval core at the transition from the 19th to the 20th century . In the course of industrialization , new districts emerged outside this belt, such as the Kleysiedlung, the new building area in the Süderstadt (19th / 20th century) and the one on the Kleers (1980s).
In addition to this core city, Quedlinburg also includes the districts of Münchenhof (four kilometers north), Gersdorfer Burg (three kilometers southeast), Morgenrot (four kilometers east) and Quarmbeck (four kilometers south) and, since January 1, 2014, Gernrode and Bad Suderode again .
On July 1, 2014, the new municipal constitutional law of the state of Saxony-Anhalt came into force. In its § 14 (2) the municipalities are given the opportunity to assign this designation to the districts that were towns before the incorporation. The city of Quedlinburg has made use of this regulation. Its amended main statute dates from March 12, 2015. In § 1 (3) the districts and localities are listed with their official names.
Quedlinburg is a town in the Harz region , bordering eight Saxony-Anhalt cities and municipalities (clockwise, starting in the Northeast): Municipality Harsleben , City Wegeleben , municipalities Ditfurt and Selke-Aue , cities Ballenstedt and Thale .
The first traces of settlement go back to the Paleolithic . The area was almost continuously populated. The productive soils made the area particularly interesting for settlers during the Neolithic , which can be proven by more than 55 settlement remains from this era in the city and the surrounding area alone. There are Neolithic burial mounds on the prominent mountain peaks such as the Moorberg, the Bockshornschanze or the Brugesberg, which rise up on the side walls of the Bodetal as if on a chain. About two kilometers north-west of Quedlinburg, west of the desert of Marsleben , a circular moat system made of stitchery ceramics was examined in 2005 , which is not inferior to the circular moat system of Goseck in terms of age, size and shape.
At the end of the 8th century, documentary reports about places in the vicinity of Quedlinburg pile up: Marsleben , Groß Orden , Ballersleben (all desolate), Ditfurt and Weddersleben . The Wipertikirche as a branch of the Hersfeld Abbey was probably founded around 835/863.
Royal Easter Palatinate from the 10th to 12th centuries
Quedlinburg gained importance when it became the royal palace in the 10th century , where the Ottonian rulers celebrated Easter. It was first mentioned as villa quae dicitur Quitilingaburg in a document from King Henry I of April 22, 922.
Heinrich later designated the place as his burial place. After his death in Memleben in 936 , his body was transferred to Quedlinburg and buried in the Palatine Chapel on the Schlossberg . His widow Queen Mathilde had Heinrich's son and successor Otto I confirm the establishment of a women's foundation with the task of memorizing the dead . For thirty years she headed the founding of the monastery herself, without having become an abbess. Otto I visited Quedlinburg at irregular intervals to celebrate Easter and to commemorate his father. In 941 he narrowly escaped an assassination attempt by his younger brother Heinrich . On the Easter court day in 966 Otto's daughter Mathilde was entrusted as abbess with the management of the women's monastery . Two years later, on March 14, 968, her grandmother died and was buried with her husband. Her grave and stone sarcophagus have been preserved, while Heinrich's burial place is empty.
Otto the Great's largest and most glamorous court day took place in 973. Among the international participants were Boleslav I , Duke of Bohemia , and Mieszko I , Duke of the Polans , who swore allegiance to the emperor . Shortly afterwards Otto I. His son Otto II. Visited Quedlinburg only twice in his ten-year reign.
After his death in 983 Otto III. only three years old. His uncle Heinrich the quarrel wanted to rise to the rank of king in Quedlinburg and kidnapped the young king. Above all, the intervention of Otto's grandmother Adelheid , Otto I's second wife, and his mother Theophanu , Otto II's wife, forced Heinrich two years later, the young Otto III. to pay homage in Quedlinburg. Otto III. granted the monastery market , coinage and customs rights in 994 , still under the leadership of his aunt, Abbess Mathilde. This created an important condition for the further urban development of Quedlinburg.
The later so-called Quedlinburg Annals , which were written on site, bear witness to the further importance of Quedlinburg in terms of imperial politics in the 11th and 12th centuries . These record Litua , the name of Lithuania, for the first time in written sources in 1009 . For the period from the 10th to the 12th century, when Quedlinburg was the Easter Palatinate of the East Franconian / German rulers, 69 documented stays of a king or emperor have been counted.
In the first decades after its foundation, the women's monastery also received distant places, such as Soltau , 170 km away , the church of St. Michael des Volkmarskeller (956), Duderstadt (974), Potsdam (993) and Gera (999), but also other treasures . In addition to the 48 places donated by Otto I , eleven were added under Otto II and eleven under Otto III. ten and under later rulers another 150 places.
Up-and-coming city in the late Middle Ages and early modern times
Quedlinburg experienced an economic boom in the following four centuries. As in other cities (Braunschweig, Halberstadt) in the region, the dressmaker and the retail trade were particularly intense. Around 1330 the old town was enfeoffed with the new town founded in the 12th century; from then on both always acted together as the city of Quedlinburg.
The economic success was joined by a political one in 1336, when the city was able to imprison the latter in a regional conflict between the Halberstadt bishop and the Count of Regenstein. The city gained greater independence from the city mistress, the abbess of the women's monastery, and was subsequently allowed to massively expand its defenses. The new self-confidence was demonstrated to the outside world in the form of many city alliances. As the culmination of this development, the city joined the Lower Saxony Association of Cities in 1384 and the Hanseatic League in 1426 .
The city council's plan to free itself from the powers of the Abbess Hedwig of Saxony resulted in a violent conflict in 1477. The Quedlinburgers tried to drive Hedwig out of the city by force of arms. She then asked her brothers, the Wettin dukes Ernst and Albrecht , for help. The dispatched troops stormed the city without losses of their own, while 80 Quedlinburgers fell. The citizens then submitted and withdrew from all alliances. Roland , a symbol of market freedom and a symbol of urban independence, was erected in front of the dressmaker's house on the market square around 1435 and was overthrown and smashed. In 1569 the council had this Roland figure re-erected in the courtyard of the Ratskeller and in 1869 the fragments of the Roland statue were put up in front of the town hall. In 2013 the figure was cleaned and completed.
Quedlinburg 1647 by Merian
During the Peasants' War , four of the city's monasteries, the Premonstratensian monastery of St. Wiperti, the Benedictine monastery of St. Mary, the Franciscan monastery in the old town and the Augustinian monastery in the new town, were destroyed. The Reformation was implemented in Quedlinburg in 1539 and the monastery was converted into an evangelical, free, secular monastery .
The city experienced its greatest urban development from the Thirty Years War . Most of the 2159 preserved half-timbered houses were built during this time. Two city fires devastated large parts of the city in 1676 and 1797.
In 1698, Brandenburg troops occupied the city, which made Prussia a protective power. In 1802 the women's monastery, which had existed since 936, was dissolved. The monastery buildings on the Schlossberg became the property of the Prussian state.
Up-and-coming plant breeding center from the 18th to the 20th century
In the course of the 18th and especially the 19th century, plant breeding and seed propagation gave rise to considerable prosperity, which in terms of urban planning also found expression in a number of Art Nouveau villas. When the first sugar factory in the administrative district of Magdeburg was set up by G. Chr. Hanewald in Quedlinburg in 1834, this led to the rapid development of agricultural suppliers and large businesses. The development of breeding methods, the connection to the railway network and the separation (1834-1858) are stages in the world economic importance in the field of seed breeding. In addition to the cultivation of ornamental and agricultural plants, the importance of vegetable cultivation increased from the beginning of the 20th century.
From 1815 to 1938 Quedlinburg was a garrison town.
From 1865 to 1888 fragments of the oldest known illustrated biblical manuscript ( Quedlinburger Itala ) from the 5th century were found in Quedlinburg.
In the beginning of the 20th century, the seed companies were the largest employers. In 1907 Rosa Luxemburg spoke to 800 Quedlinburg seed-breeding workers. In 1911 Quedlinburg, which until then was the seat of the district of Quedlinburg , became an independent city .
During the First World War , up to 17,000 prisoners of war were forced to work in agriculture and housed in a prisoner-of-war camp on the Ritteranger northeast of the city. This camp was set up in September 1914 and existed as an emergency shelter for Tsarist soldiers after the war until it was burned down in June 1922. In the same year a celebration took place in Quedlinburg for the thousandth anniversary of the first documentary mention (922).
A devastating flood of the Bode destroyed all bridges in 1926 and paralyzed the infrastructure. Later floods repeatedly hampered the reconstruction work.
At the time of National Socialism , the millennium (936–1936) of the death of King Henry I was viewed by the National Socialists in the form of the SS as a propaganda gift . Heinrich Himmler developed a cult around the king from 1936 and was regarded as a reincarnation of Heinrich himself , which is said to have flattered him, as his personal physician Felix Kersten reports. In Quedlinburg, the Wiperti crypt and the St. Servatii church were confiscated and converted into sanctuaries for the SS. Himmler's personal appearance (until 1939) at the annual festivities on July 2nd, which took place until 1944, was, for example, upgraded in 1937 with news about the discovery of the lost bones of Heinrich I. After the war, when the (new) sarcophagus was opened, the “finds” presented by the SS were exposed as crude forgeries.
On the morning after the destruction of the “ Reichspogromnacht ”, the shopkeeper Sommerfeld put his iron crosses from the First World War (EK 1 and 2) in his destroyed shop window and a sign: “You can be sure of the thanks of the fatherland.” Soon afterwards, the deportation of Jews began Residents. There were three outposts of concentration camps in the urban area: the district court prison and one prison camp each in the Kleersturnhalle and in the air base in Quarmbeck .
Since 1943/1944, over 8,000 wounded people have been cared for in the sports halls and emergency hospitals in Quedlinburg. In the week before American troop units (RCT 18) were able to take the city almost without a fight on April 19, 1945, parts of the V2 , which were stored on wagons at the Quedlinburg train station , were successfully brought out of the city. This prevented a bombing; so the war damage was limited to artillery hits.
Although there was hardly any significant war damage, the efforts made by the GDR were by no means sufficient to stop the threatening natural decline of the old town. Through the use of experienced Polish restorers from Toruń ( Thorn ) , houses could only be restored selectively. Since 1957, St. Wiperti has been restored and re-consecrated in 1959. The GDR's original plans in the 1960s to completely tear down the historic old town and replace it with a central square and socialist prefabricated buildings failed due to a lack of funds. Attempts to adapt the prefabricated building method to the historical conditions can be seen in the area of the Marschlinger Hof, in Neuendorf and in the Schmalen Straße north of the market. For this, the so-called Hallesche monolith construction (HMB) was modified and implemented as the Hallesche monolith construction type Quedlinburg (HMBQ). Only after the reunification in 1990 were single-minded half-timbered structures restored.
In autumn 1989 there was hardly any other city where as many people demonstrated in terms of population as in Quedlinburg. Non-violent demonstrations during the " Wende " always took place in Quedlinburg on Thursdays. The demonstration on November 2, 1989 with 15,000 participants was an example of non-violence despite the provocative behavior of the SED leaders on site. The largest demonstration with over 30,000 participants took place on November 9, 1989.
None of the participants suspected that the wall was being opened at the same time . The district office of the Ministry of State Security was dissolved on December 12, 1989 after the real names file and the most sensitive files (for example on church matters) had been destroyed in the days before.
On January 6, 1990, a large city festival with numerous dignitaries and 50,000 guests took place as thanks for the overwhelming reception when crossing the border. During a spontaneous visit in January 1990 , Helmut Kohl promised the city aid to secure the extremely endangered building fabric, and the state of Lower Saxony donated 100,000 roof tiles in the spring for immediate measures.
A social low point was in the autumn of 1992 xenophobic attacks in the Quedlinburg Neustadt . A response from Quedlinburg residents was the establishment of the still active prevention measure "Old Town Project". A planned NPD demonstration 15 years later was prevented by a markedly colorful demonstration by committed Quedlinburgers.
For the millennium of the granting of market, minting and customs rights, large parts of Quedlinburg's old town and the royal court complex were placed on the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites on December 17, 1994 at the request of Germany, as an ensemble that meets the requirements of Criterion IV , "An outstanding example of a type of building or architectural ensemble or landscape that represents significant periods in human history". (IV). Gerhard Schröder visited the city in 1999 with the French Prime Minister Lionel Jospin and in 2001 with the Spanish Prime Minister José María Aznar .
The Swedish royal couple, Carl XVI. Gustaf and his wife Silvia , visited the Quedlinburg collegiate church in 2005. Quedlinburg station has been connected to the Selketalbahn network since 2006. After several years of restoration, the crypt of the collegiate church has been open to the public again since March 2009.
With Alles Klara played for the first time from 2011 to 2017 an early evening series of the ARD in Quedlinburg and the surrounding area. From 2011 to 2014, extensive redesign work was carried out on the market square, in the area of Breiten Straße and the stone bridge. In the run-up to this work, pavement remains of a market were discovered during archaeological excavations, which are dated to the 10th century. In 2014, the city council decided to prefix the unique city name with the general designation World Heritage City. After approval by the responsible district and UNESCO Germany, the designation World Heritage City of Quedlinburg has been in effect since March 29, 2015 .
Since spring 2015, the former crypt of St. Mary's Church on the Münzenberg has been accessible again after almost 500 years. For the first time, on May 26, 2017, 81 stumbling blocks were laid in front of the Steinweg house for Berta and Bruno Sommerfeld, who lived here temporarily and were murdered after their deportation to the Auschwitz extermination camp in 1943 . There are currently three stumbling blocks in Quedlinburg . Angela Merkel spoke on Quedlinburg's market square during the 2017 federal election campaign . In June 2018, the interior ministers' spring conference took place in Quedlinburg under Federal Interior Minister Horst Seehofer .
Since Quedlinburg did not grow beyond its medieval (city wall) limits for a long time, the population remained from the Middle Ages to the 19th century at a maximum of 8,000 to 10,000 people. Only with industrialization did the number begin to grow and reached its highest value in 1950 with 35,426 / 35,555 inhabitants. It then fell continuously by 21 percent (7459) from 1950 to 1990 and was back below 30,000 by 1975. Since the non-violent revolution and the opening of the border in 1989/1990, the city has again lost 20 percent of its residents (5,500 people) due to high unemployment, the relocation of many residents to the surrounding area and the decline in the birth rate. On June 30, 2006, the official population of Quedlinburg was 22,481 according to the state statistical office of Saxony-Anhalt (only main residences and after comparison with the other state offices). On January 1, 2011, the city expanded from 78.14 km² to 141.82 km² through the incorporation of the city of Gernrode and the municipalities of Bad Suderode and Rieder; the population rose from just over 21,000 to over 28,000. However, due to a formal error, this integration had to be reversed on February 19, 2013 due to a court decision. Bad Suderode and Gernrode have been part of Quedlinburg again since January 1, 2014.
The Bertelsmann Foundation , Guide to Demographic Change , provides data on the development of the population of 2959 municipalities in Germany (published January 2006). For Quedlinburg, a population decline of 14.1% (3281 people) is predicted between 2003 and 2020.
Forecast of the absolute population development from 2003 to 2020 for Quedlinburg (main residences):
As part of the update of the World Heritage Management Plan, a separate forecast was made in 2011. As of December 31, 2010, 21,016 residents had their main place of residence in Quedlinburg (with territorial status on this date). In the annual balance, the city lost a total of 69 inhabitants in the course of 2011. Including immigration and emigration, an average negative balance of 150 to 180 inhabitants per year has been recorded since 2001. According to this survey, the forecast for 2025 is 16,200 to 17,300 inhabitants (within the limits of 2010).
The following overview shows the age structure as of December 31, 2007. Some figures reflect 6, others over 20 years.
The majority of the Quedlinburg population does not belong to any religious community. The former five Protestant parishes comprise around 16% of the city's population; they have joined forces in the Evangelical Church Community of Quedlinburg , which belongs to the Evangelical Church in Central Germany . About four percent of the city's population belong to the Catholic St. Mathildis parish , a parish in the diocese of Magdeburg . Other Christian congregations belong to the Seventh-day Adventists , the Evangelical Free Church Congregation ( Baptists ) or other Evangelical Free Churches as well as the New Apostolic Church . In addition, members of the Blankenburg parish of the Old Catholic Church live in the city .
Already in the 11th / 12th In the 17th century, Jewish merchants are said to have settled in Quedlinburg. They have been documented since the early 13th century. They acted as independent lenders to the Quedlinburg abbess and other local magnates. In 1514 all Jews had to leave Quedlinburg. Although three protective Jews were allowed in the 18th century , they only settled back in Quedlinburg after the monastery was dissolved in 1802. From 1933 to 1945 fewer than 100 “non-Aryans” lived in Quedlinburg. Of these, at least 13 perished violently, 14 succeeded in emigrating and 34, mostly “ half-Jews ”, survived and died of natural causes. The other fates are unknown. There has been no Jewish community in Quedlinburg since the Nazi era .
List of (lord) mayors since 1800
- 1800–1837 Johann August Donndorf, mayor
- 1838–1848 Wilhelm Ferdinand Schiller, mayor
- 1848–1859 Georg Drönewolf, mayor
- 1860–1890 Gustav Brecht , mayor
- 1890–1895 Gustav Brecht, Lord Mayor
- 1891–1918 Wilhelm Severin, 2nd mayor
- 1895–1924 Ernst Bansi , Lord Mayor
- 1918–1945 Hermann Boisly , mayor
- 1924–1933 Rudolf Drache, Lord Mayor
- 1933–1934 Adolf Sperling , Lord Mayor
- 1934–1945 Karl Selig , Lord Mayor
- 1945 Robert Dietzel, mayor
- 1945 Falz, Lord Mayor
- 1945 Hans Simmon, Mayor
- 1945 Hermann Boisly, city treasurer (retired mayor)
- 1945 Egon Mahlow, Lord Mayor
- 1946 Kietz, Fritz, mayor and city councilor
- 1946–1950 Heinz Jäger, Lord Mayor
- 1951 Gerhard Enger ( NDPD ), mayor
- 1952–1956 Arno Böhme, mayor
- 1955–1984 Erwin Prezewowski, deputy. mayor
- 1956–1960 Edgar Dietzel, mayor
- 1960–1963 Walter Großmann, mayor
- 1963–1982 Edgar Dietzel, mayor
- 1982–1990 Rainhard Lukowitz (NDPD), mayor
- 1990–2001 Rudolf Röhricht, Mayor (from 1994 Lord Mayor)
- since 2001 Wolfgang Scheller, deputy mayor
- 2001–2015 Eberhard Brecht (SPD), Lord Mayor
- since 2015 Frank Ruch (CDU), Lord Mayor
Since the 13th century, the city was headed by the council, initially with twelve and later three times twelve councilors (alternating twelve per year). A mayor couple, consisting of a mayor from the old and one from the new town, chaired the meeting. So until the 19th century there were three old town and three new town mayors who took turns. Then the office was limited to one person. From 1890 to 2000, the mayors held the title of Lord Mayor .
As a representative of the citizens there is a city council , which is called City Council in Quedlinburg . The members of the citizenship are elected by the citizens of the city for five years. The majority in the Quedlinburg citizenry is very confusing.
In 2009 the city council was elected for the core city of Quedlinburg alone. By incorporating the localities of Rieder (2011–2013) and Gernrode and Bad Suderode (2011–2013 and since 2014), the city council temporarily increased to up to 45 seats. In the local elections on May 25, 2014, the first city council was elected, in which candidates from the new districts also ran directly. In addition, a local council was elected for Gernrode and Bad Suderode. A total of 126 men and women competed for the 36 seats on the city council.
The election results are sorted according to the percentage order of the last election:
|Party / list / parliamentary group||2014||2011||2009||2004||1999|
|Seats||Share of votes||Seats||Seats||Share of votes||Seats||Share of votes||Share of votes|
|Christian Democratic Union of Germany (CDU)||11||30.0%||11||10||27.3%||8th||23.5%||27.0%|
|Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD)||6th||17.3%||6th||6th||17.5%||6th||17.7%||19.9%|
|Citizens' Forum Quedlinburg (BFQ)||4th||11.0%||4th||4th||11.1%||-||-||-|
|Free Democratic Party (FDP)||2||6.3%||5||5||13.1%||5||13.0%||7.7%|
|Alliance 90 / The Greens||2||4.3%||2||2||5.5%||2||5.8%||1.8%|
|Quedlinburg voter community (QfW)||2||4.1%||2||2||6.4%||7th||19.1%||-|
|Independent voter community "Citizens for Gernrode" (UWG)||1||3.8%||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|List of the future of Quedlinburg (LZQ)||1||3.3%||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Association of traders and self-employed people Bad Suderode / Harz e. V. (VGS)||1||2.7%||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|National Democratic Party of Germany (NPD)||1||1.9%||1||1||2.7%||1||2.8%||-|
|The alternative - give||-||-||1||1||1.8%||-||-||-|
The 2014 voter turnout of 40.0% is one of the lowest values in Germany.
The local elections on May 26, 2019 led to the following result:
|Party / list||Share of votes||Seats|
|Christian Democratic Union of Germany (CDU)||26.6%||10|
|Alternative for Germany (AfD)||11.6%||4th|
|Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD)||11.1%||4th|
|Alliance 90 / The Greens||9.2%||3|
|Free Democratic Party (FDP)||6.4%||2|
|Citizens' Forum Quedlinburg (BfQ)||8.3%||3|
|UWG * "Citizens for Gernrode" (UWG)||3.7%||2|
|Association of traders and self-employed persons (VGS) **||3.0%||1|
|Quedlinburg Free Voting Community (QfW)||2.7%||1|
|Independent for Quedlinburg (PfQ)||1.2%||1|
|Q The voters' association (QDW)||0.5%||0|
* UWG = Independent Association of Voters
** Association of traders and self-employed people Bad Suderode / Harz eV
coat of arms
Quedlinburg has had a coat of arms for centuries, but there is no evidence that this emblem was legitimately bestowed. In 1605, the heraldist Johann Siebmacher's book of coats of arms shows the coats of arms of the imperial places and cities; he does not name a Quedlinburg coat of arms. There are also no historiographical references to the award of a coat of arms in the archives. It can therefore be assumed that Quedlinburg developed a common law coat of arms from the original seal image in the course of its town history. This also explains the fact that the coat of arms changed frequently over the centuries and there is no question of a binding appearance.
The coat of arms, which was in use until 1998, was not approved by the state government and was therefore changed in its design. However, these changes only affected details and hardly the heraldic appearance. The design modification was justified by the fact that it was precisely the changed details that would turn a picture into a correct coat of arms.
The model of the eagle was the coat of arms designed by Adolf Matthias Hildebrandt in 1882 from the "Document Book of the City of Quedlinburg". The graphics of the inner shield have been adapted to the heraldic customs and traditional stylistic forms. The graphic execution and documentation was done by the heraldist Jörg Mantzsch .
Blazon : "In gold a rotbewehrten black eagle with goldkonturiertem red shield, is a silver castle with Black Grooved battlements and gezinntem gate tower with open arched windows in the pitched roof, open gate leaves and emporgezogenem portcullis, the gate tower flanked by two pointed roofed battlements towers, each with an open arched windows, in the gate a sitting silver dog with a black collar. "
The city's colors are black and yellow.
The flag of the city consists of the colors of the city in stripes with a city coat of arms on top.
Quedlinburg has had a town partnership with the small town of Aulnoye-Aymeries in north-eastern France since 1961 and a town union with the four historically important towns of Herford in North Rhine-Westphalia and Celle , Hann. Münden and Hameln in Lower Saxony . Together with them, a so-called City Union House (Hohe Straße 8) was set up, where regular meetings take place. Since 2000 there has been a city contact with Torbay in Great Britain .
Culture and sights
Museums, galleries and archives
Quedlinburg Municipal Museums
The exhibition in the castle museum shows the development of the castle hill with the women's monastery and facets of the city's history. Outstanding exhibits are the Bronze Age hoard from Lehof, the gold disc brooch from Groß Orden (wüst), the so-called robbery chest and a medieval ballista . Since 2002 an exhibition on the reception of the Ottonian period during National Socialism has been shown in the so-called Ottonenkeller.
The poet Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock was born in 1724 in the Klopstockhaus , built in 1570 . Through his work, Klopstock became a founder of classical German literature and was famous far beyond the borders of Germany. A library and archive are attached to the museum in the Klopstockhaus.
The half-timbered museum Ständerbau is one of the oldest half-timbered houses in Quedlinburg. More recent investigations showed a dating of 1346/1347. Parts of the building of Klink 6/7 from 1289 (d), Hell 11 from 1301 (d), Breite Str. 12/13 1330 (d) are older. The exhibition shows the history of post and half-timbered construction from the 14th to the 20th century and individual styles of Quedlinburg half-timbered construction using models.
Other museums and galleries
The Lyonel Feininger Gallery , which opened in 1986, shows works by the New York Bauhaus artist Lyonel Feininger (1871–1956) that had been saved from destruction by the National Socialists by Hermann Klumpp from Quedlinburg , a classmate of the Bauhaus . The collection, one of the most extensive closed holdings of graphics, etchings, lithographs and woodcuts by the artist, documents his creative periods from 1906 to 1937.
There are also three other galleries in the city: Galerie Weißer Engel , Galerie im Kunsthoken and the "Galerie im Kleines Kunsthaus".
In the Central German Railway and Toy Museum there are over 3,000 exhibits on the subject of historical toys from around 1900 and a collection of historical model trains of the tracks I , 0 , S and H0 , mainly from Märklin , but also foreign model trains.
The "Museum for Glass Painting and Handicrafts", housed in the restored Wordspeicher, a 17th century storage building, offers an exhibition on the importance and history of Quedlinburg glass painting as well as a workshop and an interactive experience room .
The “Münzenberg Museum” shows the history of the medieval Marienkloster on the Münzenberg and the settlement and social history of this quarter in the early modern period.
The collegiate church of St. Servatii towers visible from afar on the Schlossberg above the city. The current, fourth church building in the same place was started after a fire in 1070 and consecrated in 1129. The Romanesque church interior is characterized by the Lower Saxon change of pillars and an imposing relief frieze running inside and outside. The high choir was rebuilt in the Gothic style by Abbess Jutta von Kranichfeld until 1320. During the extensive restoration under Ferdinand von Quast from 1863 to 1882, the church received two Romanesque towers with Rhenish helmets that are contrary to style . In the period from 1936 to 1945, the church was occupied and profaned by the SS under Reichsführer SS Heinrich Himmler . After the Second World War, the damaged spire helmets were replaced by stylistically better matching pyramid roofs. The Quedlinburg Cathedral Treasure with the parts stolen in 1945 and returned from Texas in 1992 can be seen in the two treasure chambers . On display are, among other things, the Servatius reliquary, the Catherine reliquary, fragments of the Quedlinburg Itala , the Servatius or abbess staff covered with gold sheet and the knotted carpet from the 12th century .
The St. Wiperti Church was consecrated as a Catholic branch church in 1959. Remains of the chancel date back to the middle of the 10th century. The Romanesque crypt was added to this building around 1020. In 1146 the entire canons' convent (since 961/964) was converted into a Premonstratensian convent. This monastery survived several destruction in four centuries (1336, 1525) before it was closed in the course of the Reformation in 1546 at the latest. The church was used as the Protestant parish church of the Munzenberg and Westendorf parishes. When the women's monastery was dissolved in 1802, the Wiperti Church was initially leased, later sold and used as a barn. From 1936 to 1945 it was also profaned as a National Socialist consecration site. Restored between 1954 and 1958, it has been used for the Sunday high mass since 1959 in the summer months. In 1995 a support association was founded to look after the structural and historical substance.
The remains of the St. Marien Church on the Munzenberg are not used as a sacred space. But they were made accessible again through a private initiative by Siegfried Behrens and his wife. The Romanesque church, abandoned in 1525, was founded in 986 on the intervention of Abbess Mathilde as a monastery church of a Benedictine convent. In 1017 it was re-consecrated after a fire in the presence of Heinrich II . After the destruction in the Peasants' War , the monastery was abandoned, and since the 1550s simple people (musicians etc.) settled on the Munzenberg. They sprawled the former monastery grounds with many small houses, so that the church interior was divided into 17 individual buildings. A large part of the church was made accessible again in its original form and handed over to the further responsibility of the German Foundation for Monument Protection .
The collegiate church, the Wipertikirche and the Marienkirche are the Quedlinburg stops on the southern route of the Romanesque Road .
St. Aegidii in the north of the old town, a late Gothic three-aisled church with its massive, fortress-like towers, was first mentioned in 1179. The Protestant parish of Quedlinburg currently only rarely uses them for reasons of monument technology. Visiting opportunities are limited for the same reason. The market church of St. Benedikti with the attached Kalandskapelle is built on Romanesque remains and was first mentioned in 1233. It is used by the Protestant parish as a parish church. The building is a hall church with octagonal pillars, a late Gothic choir from the 14th century and a baptismal font from 1648. The roof and roof structure of the church are designated as fauna and flora habitats (FFH) for the large mouse-eared bats .
St. Nikolai in the Neustadt was first mentioned in 1222 and with its 72 meter high towers and its high three-aisled building is an imposing example of an early Gothic church interior. Archaeological investigations have so far neither confirmed nor refuted whether the Romanesque predecessor building was built on rammed Ellern piles in order to find support in the swampy subsoil. According to chronical news from the 13th century, two shepherds tended their flocks on the so-called Pfannenwiese and found a treasure that they donated to the building of the church. That is why two corners of the tower are decorated with figures of a shepherd and his dog. The hall church has variously structured pillars, a single-nave choir and twin towers.
St. Blasii in the old town, of which only the Gothic towers (with spoilage of a Romanesque predecessor building) remain, while the nave is from the Baroque era , was handed over to the city due to lack of use by its own parish and is primarily used as a concert and Showroom used. The wooden bench fixtures from the 16th and 17th centuries are completely preserved. Century.
St. Mathilde in Neuendorf was built from 1856 to 1858 according to plans by Friedrich von Schmidt , an employee of the Cologne cathedral construction works. Consecrated in 1858 by Bishop Konrad Martin ( Paderborn ) and consecrated to Mathilde , the wife of King Heinrich I , it is the parish church of the Catholic community. The tower of the neo-Gothic single-nave building was taken down in 1984 for structural reasons.
St. Johannis was built in the southern city in 1906 , located on the area of the former hospital with the old St. John's Chapel . The St. John's Chapel, already mentioned in the 13th century, is integrated into the Way of St. James . It was once the church of a hospital far outside the city of Quedlinburg.
Historic buildings and places
Quedlinburg half-timbered building
The majority of the houses in the historic city center are half-timbered houses , which are subject to urban monument protection in a special way . They have been divided into five major areas based on their shapes. According to this, at least 11 (1 percent) half-timbered houses were built before 1530, another 70 (5 percent) between 1531 and 1620, more than 439 (33 percent) between 1621 and 1700, more than 552 (42 percent) between 1700 and 1800 and 255 ( 19 percent) built in the 19th and 20th centuries. In total, there are more than 1,327 half-timbered houses in Quedlinburg. For comparison, 624 half-timbered buildings have been preserved in Wernigerode , 354 in Stolberg and 353 in Osterwieck .
In recent years, building research has been able to identify over twenty previously unknown houses and roof trusses from the period between the 13th and 15th centuries with the help of dendrochronology .
From 1989 to 2005, the renovation of around 650 of the 1200 listed Quedlinburg half-timbered houses was achieved through various funding programs . The German Foundation for Monument Protection has made a particular contribution to the support . A monument conservation plan that was published in 2012 speaks of 2119 half-timbered buildings, 1689 of which are classified as architectural monuments. Overall, in 2050 of the 3562 buildings are considered to be defining the townscape.
From 1990 to 2010 Quedlinburg received more than 120 million euros in funding from state, federal and EU funds. The city's financial situation is considered tense.
The list of monuments of the city of Quedlinburg published in 1989 lists over 1200 individual monuments. As a result, the following particularly striking buildings are only a small selection:
There are inscriptions on around 400 half-timbered houses, most of which are named by the builders and - as a Quedlinburg specialty - the craftsmen who carried out the work.
- Gildehaus Zur Rose , Breite Straße 39 (colorful half-timbered house from 1612)
- So-called stock exchange , Steinweg 23 (representative half-timbered house from 1683)
- Former inn and merchant's property Weißer Engel , Lange Gasse 33, corner half-timbered building from 1623, in the half-timbered upper floor unique ceiling with eleven stucco reliefs (scenes from the Old Testament)
- The merchant's farm at Breiten Straße 34 was built around 1660 .
- The tanner's house on the west side of the market was built in the middle of the 17th century.
- In 1701 the Grünhagen house was built on the east side of the market square.
- Medieval truss: 6/7 Klink (1289 d), width of road 12 / 13 (1330 d)
- House at Goldstrasse 25 from around 1820
- The residential building at Schmale Straße 47 was built in the late Gothic style around 1485, the buildings at Schmale Straße 33 and 7 were built in the Baroque era.
- The Quedlinburg Castle Mill (first documented evidence 1412, hotel since 1997)
- Stone town hall building (13th / 14th century) with a Roland statue and other plastic jewelry
- Hagensches Freihaus - Quedlinburg City Palace, Bockstrasse 6 / Klink 11 (stone building, built 1564–1566)
- Salfeldtsches Palais , Kornmarkt 5 (owned by the German Foundation for Monument Protection)
- Höllenhof , Hölle 11 (secular building built in 1215/1301 d, 3rd Federal Prize for Crafts in Monument Preservation 2008)
Art Nouveau buildings
- Ambitious Art Nouveau building Steinbrücke 11 from 1903 by the architect Max Schneck
The ring of the medieval city wall with its city towers can still be seen in large parts. By contrast, none of the medieval city gates , the Hohe Tor, the Gröperntor, the Öringertor and the Pölkentor have survived. The Tower of Terror is the largest surviving tower. The Lindenbein Tower , easily recognizable by its green roof , has a gallery and is open to visitors. Two towers have been converted into apartments, including the Kaiserturm . Some of the towers are privately owned, some of them in poor structural condition. These include among others the gooseherd Tower , the Kuhhirtenturm , the swineherd Tower , the Kruschitzkyturm , the Powder Tower , the Merten storm and the mirror storm.
Of the formerly eleven watchtowers in the field around the city , which were built along the land moat or the Landwehr at important strategic positions, six towers, called field watchdogs here, have been preserved: the Bicklingswarte , the Lethwarte , the Altenburgwarte , the Gaterslebener Warte, the Steinholzwarte and the sewing room . The control room on the Lehof, the Aholzwarte, the Heidbergwarte, the Anamberger Warte and the Sültenwarte have largely disappeared due to stone robbery. They were surrounded by fortified farms that served as a refuge for the farmers and shepherds working in the fields . The waiting towers were built on mountains at the boundary of the district as an early warning system and reported dangers to the city by means of smoke and fire signals.
Parks and natural monuments
The largest park is the Brühl , an old piece of forest that was already known as broil around 1179 and was opened in the 16th and 17th centuries. Century was laid out according to plan. The Brühlpark is part of the 40 garden spaces project Garden Dreams Saxony-Anhalt . In 2006 the historic abbey garden between Brühl and Schlossberg was redesigned and provided with a Demeter garden. As a further park, the Worthgarten is open to walkers in the immediate city area. In the southern part of the city, the former Johannisfriedhof was redesigned into the Johannishain park in the 19th century . Nearby excursion destinations include the Altenburg, the Lehof, the Steinholz, the donkey stable acquired in 1913 and the Hamwarte. The tourist restaurants that were there in the 19th century have completely disappeared.
Theater and music
The Nordharzer Städtebundtheater is active with two venues each in Halberstadt and in the municipal theaters in Quedlinburg as well as with summer performances in the Bergtheater Thale . Further theater visits are possible in the Waldbühne Altenbrak , the Seebühne Magdeburg and the Schlossbühne Wolfenbüttel .
The Quedlinburger Musiksommer , founded in 1981 by church music director Gottfried Biller , offers a weekly concert in the summer months as part of a thematic concert series in the collegiate church of St. Servatii in Quedlinburg.
The various choirs include: the Fritz Prieß Choir, the Quedlinburg Oratorio Choir and the Ecumenical Youth Choir.
Quedlinburg now has an increasingly popular program of events. Advent in the courtyards turns out to be the biggest event , with over 50,000 visitors every weekend in 2006 and 75,000 in 2007 to visit Gotthilf Fischer . Traditionally, on the second and third weekend in Advent, up to 24 mostly closed courtyards invite you to buy gifts, eat, drink mulled wine and linger.
The series of events begins in the spring with the so-called Kaiserfrühling at Easter and Whitsun, a medieval spectacle in the historic old town. In mid-May, the Long Night of Museums , which is spread across Germany, follows . The Magic of Trees program , an art and music installation in Brühlpark, takes place on the first Saturday of July. The various performances of the Quedlinburg Music Summer take place over the summer, from June to September . The guild festival of the Quedlinburg merchants usually takes place in August . On the second weekend in September, the Open Monument Day for Germany opens in Quedlinburg. In the city, over 70 Quedlinburg monuments are open to visitors free of charge, most of which are otherwise closed, and a Quedlinburg flower fair is held at Mathildenbrunnen in Neustadt. In addition, the Quedlinburg Dixieland and Swingtage invite you every three months, during which you drive from one concert location to the next to hear the music; there is also a monthly so-called milonga , a dance evening with Argentine tango, organized by Braunschweig milongueras . In the summer of 2009, the worldwide free music festival Fête de la Musique took place for the first time .
The city is located at the junction of federal highways 79 and 6 and on the A 36 (Braunschweig - Bernburg (Saale)). The northern connection (Quedlinburg-Zentrum) to the A 36 via the medieval settlement Marsleben (wüst) has been under traffic since 2006; the gap between Quedlinburg-Zentrum and Quedlinburg-Ost was put under traffic on December 1, 2007. The A 14 motorway is 40 kilometers to the east, the A 2 50 kilometers to the north and the A 7 75 kilometers to the west of the city.
The Quedlinburg station, built in 1863 as a through station, has been the junction between the Halberstadt – Thale railway line and the Harz narrow-gauge railways since 2006 , which run on the route of the re- gauged Quedlinburg – Frose railway to Gernrode and then via the Selketalbahn and Harzquerbahn to the Brockenbahn .
Quedlinburg had been a through station of the northern Harz railway network on the connection from Halberstadt to the Harz border near Thale since 1863. On this connection, the regional express of Abellio Rail Central Germany runs hourly from Magdeburg via Halberstadt to Thale. On Fridays, Saturdays and Sundays, individual trains are extended to Berlin as Harz-Berlin-Express .
The previous traffic on the branch line via Quarmbeck , Gernrode, Ballenstedt, Ermsleben to Aschersleben, the oldest regular-gauge branch line in the Harz, the so-called Balkans , was discontinued in 2004. In 2006 the Gernrode – Quedlinburg section was reactivated as a narrow-gauge railway. This branch line Frose – Ballenstedt was built in 1868 by the Magdeburg-Halberstädter Eisenbahnen (MHE) at the urging of the Duke of Anhalt, who wanted to reach his castle in Ballenstedt. After Deutsche Bahn AG had shut down the standard-gauge section to Aschersleben via Gernrode, work began on April 18, 2005 to extend the Selketalbahn from Gernrode to Quedlinburg. To this end, the Gernrode terminus was converted into a through station. The Selketalbahn the HSB has been extended until the end of December 2005, at 8.5 km from Gernrode to Quedlinburg. On March 4, 2006 the first narrow-gauge train of the Harz narrow-gauge railways entered Quedlinburg station, and since June 26, 2006 there has been a scheduled train service for the Harz narrow-gauge railways to Quedlinburg with at least two pairs of steam trains per day.
- Line 140: Quedlinburg ↔ Hoym ↔ Reinstedt ↔ Aschersleben
- Line 230: Quedlinburg ↔ Westerhausen ↔ Blankenburg ↔ Wernigerode
- Line 240: Quedlinburg ↔ Gernrode ↔ Ballenstedt ↔ Meisdorf ↔ Aschersleben
The Harzer Verkehrsbetriebe (HVB) operates further lines from Quedlinburg as well as the city traffic in Quedlinburg. The station forecourt is the central stop for long-distance bus routes operated by Flixbus .
In the 1920s, a regional airport was opened in Quarmbeck, two kilometers south , which was expanded into a military airfield in the 1930s and renamed the Römergraben . During the GDR era, there was a Soviet military base there. Flight operations were discontinued.
To the southwest, four kilometers away, is the Ballenstedt airfield , which has an 800 meter long asphalt runway and is approved for night flight operations. Aschersleben airfield is a small special airfield (approved for aircraft up to 5700 kilograms) three kilometers north of Aschersleben . Magdeburg-Cochstedt Airport, which was reactivated on September 1, 2006, is located about 22 kilometers northeast of Quedlinburg .
The first evidence of a Latin school in the Benedictine Church and the Nikolaikirche goes back to 1303. The rectors have been known since the 1530s. The Latin school in the old town was called Gymnasium illustrious from 1623 and called Princely Gymnasium from 1776 . In addition, there were eight so-called German schools up to 1787 , which taught elementary knowledge in reading, writing and arithmetic. A girls' school was also mentioned as early as 1539.
In the 19th century, a Catholic private school, several secondary schools for girls and a Jewish private school were founded. In addition to the old-language grammar school and the upper secondary school, a modern-language lyceum developed.
During the GDR era, the schools were unified into ten so-called polytechnical high schools, which taught the intermediate school leaving certificate in ten classes. The Abitur could be obtained in two more years at the Extended Oberschule (EOS) in the convent ("GutsMuths-Gymnasium").
In 2011 there were five primary schools in Quedlinburg, two special schools (Sine Cura School and Pestalozzi School), two secondary schools (Bosse and Bansischule), a grammar school and the district music school.
The Kleers elementary school (from the school year 2008/2009: Integrationsschule Am Kleers ) was created as part of the construction of the new Kleers development area in the 1980s and has been named after it since 1991. Since 2004 it has been an integrative school with cooperative classes, integrative classes and extensive afternoon care, which has won several state competitions in the fields of school newspaper and school theater.
The Bosseschule (from 1983 to 1991: Maxim-Gorki-Oberschule ) is a secondary school in the middle of the old town and has been named after the German politician Robert Bosse since 1955 . The school has been participating in a pilot project for productive learning since 2005 , which aims to combine teaching and operational practice. Due to the closure of the Carl-Ritter-Secondary School in 2004, the Bosseschule had to be rebuilt in order to accommodate some of the additional students.
The GutsMuths-Gymnasium consists of two buildings: the listed main building in the convent, built in 1903, and the Erxleben-Haus in the Süderstadt, which was called the Süderstadt-Gymnasium from 1991 to 1998 and the Dorothea-Erxleben-Gymnasium until 2004 . Both schools merged in 2004. Grades 5 to 9 are housed in the southern city and the upper grades 10 to 12 are housed in the convent. The school is characterized by a wide range of leisure activities, including projects such as learning to learn or music on the computer. Since 2006 the school has had the title School without Racism, School with Courage . Since 2007 it has been an all-day reference school in Saxony-Anhalt.
The Johann Heinrich Rolle music school , branch of the Harz district music school and member of the Association of German Music Schools (VdM), emerged in 1952 from the state conservatory that had existed since 1945. The musical education of children and young people is their main goal. In Quedlinburg and at the supervised branches in Thale, Ballenstedt and Harzgerode, around 560 pupils are taught instrumental and vocal in 30 subjects.
Further educational opportunities
Further education is made possible by the vocational school, the adult education center, the state school for horticulture, the German half-timbered center and a number of educational institutions, such as the Regional Competence Center Harz of the European Educational Center for Work and Society e. V. , the training center for the hotel and restaurant trade Ostharz GmbH , the training center of the Saxony-Anhalt economy e. V. and the Harzland-Staßfurt district craft association. The vocational school has been named after the Quedlinburg company founder and seed breeder Johann Peter Christian Heinrich Mette (1735–1806) since 2007 . The American Texas Tech University offers (German) courses for its students in Quedlinburg.
The State College for Agriculture, Forestry and Horticulture, Department of Horticulture of the Ministry of Agriculture and Environment is located in Quedlinburg. It offers one- and two-year technical school training (state-certified technician, economist, housekeeping manager) in the fields of gardening, landscaping and housekeeping as well as preparatory courses for the master craftsman's examination in the areas mentioned. It was closed in 2013 due to insufficient student numbers.
Since 1999 the IBB - Institute for Vocational Education, A. Gesche has been training state-certified beauticians at the Vocational School for Cosmetics. In addition, the IBB offers nursing, cosmetic and commercial training as well as vocational training at the vocational school for geriatric care and geriatric care assistance and the state-approved podiatry school (podiatrist).
The German Half-timbered Center Quedlinburg was founded in 2002 as a supporting association of the German Foundation for Monument Protection, the State of Saxony-Anhalt and the City of Quedlinburg with the help of the German Federal Environmental Foundation. The center supervises ecological renovations and building research and enables young people to spend a year volunteering to preserve monuments in a youth building hut .
In the Quedlinburg District Library, 52,000 items are available for loan.
Leisure and sports facilities
The city has an indoor swimming pool opened in 1903 and a modern three-field hall opened in 2004. A number of sports halls are available for school sports, some of which are older; the Kleersturnhalle was built in 1910. The largest public sports fields are on Moorberg south of the city and on Lindenstrasse, northeast of the city. In 2001, the outdoor pool built in the 1950s not far from the latter sports field was closed and leveled. The judo hall on the police premises is partially accessible for mass sports .
The Harz Clinic Dorothea Christiane Erxleben is located on the eastern edge of the city. The hospital, which was inaugurated in 1907, was expanded in the 1990s to become a house for specialized care ; it is also the teaching hospital of the University Clinic of the Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg . The clinic with 481 inpatient and 50 semi-inpatient beds has twelve inpatient departments and three day clinic facilities. The skin tumor center of the clinic is the only certified one in Saxony-Anhalt next to the Dessauer one. Around 20,000 inpatients and 20,000 outpatients are cared for every year.
The largest municipal cemetery is the municipal central cemetery on Badeborner Weg, established in 1906 . It is located in the southeast of the city and its network of paths is star-shaped towards the chapel. During the First World War , more than 700 deceased prisoners of war and most of the more than 160 fallen Quedlinburgers were buried here. The same thing happened in World War II with at least 110 prisoners of war and an unknown number of Quedlinburgers. During this time, the crematorium (built in 1928) was also used to cremate at least 912 victims of the Langenstein-Zwieberge concentration camp .
The historical church cemeteries were in the immediate vicinity of the respective church. They were located within the city walls in the following places:
- St. Aegidii cemetery northeast of the church, it has almost completely disappeared apart from a few late gravestones
- the St. Benedikti churchyard is located under the modern paving and is partly used as a parking lot (a mausoleum has been preserved)
- the St. Nikolai churchyard is a green area
- Another cemetery of the St. Nikolai community was located between the eastern development (in the northern part) of Ballstrasse and the city wall (this green area has been preserved as a private garden area).
All cemeteries within the city walls were abandoned at the beginning of the 19th century. According to land law, they subsequently built new cemeteries in front of the city gates for hygienic reasons.
- Marktkirchgemeinde cemetery on Weststrasse (since 1843, chapel 1915)
- Cemetery of the Blasiikirchgemeinde at the Zwergkuhle (rebuilt 1841 to 1843)
- Cemetery of the Aegidii community on Ziegelhohlweg (mid-19th century)
- Cemetery of the Catholic Community Weststrasse (since 1868)
- Wiperti- and Servatiikirchhof left and right of Wipertistraße (chapel 1934/1935). At this point there is a Quedlinburg specialty: the three-storey, terraced crypt system carved into the rock of the Kapellenberg with over twenty crypts on each floor and side of the mountain.
At the time of industrialization , Quedlinburg's economic strength also grew. In the south of the city numerous businesses, businesses and firms settled, which were particularly at home in the fields of metal processing or agricultural seed cultivation. The increase in the number of employees during this time was accommodated in the newly built residential area of the southern city . After the Second World War , all of these plants were expropriated and transferred to state forms such as a state-owned enterprise or an agricultural production cooperative. The largest employer was the Mertik plant , the successor to Hartmann & Söhne , which in the meantime employed more than 3,000 people. Another former company is the VEB Union, where pressure cookers (also for export) and dishes for the National People's Army were made. The former state-owned August Bebel estate produced seeds for agricultural needs and special crops. The Wilhelm Brauns paint factory, founded in 1874 and VEB Farb-Chemie Quedlinburg since 1959 , produced paints and adhesives until 2004. Many of these companies, the production of which was almost exclusively aimed at the member states of the Socialist Council for Mutual Economic Aid, went bankrupt after reunification in 1990. Some of the empty factory and warehouse buildings are still standing.
At the beginning of hell, near the market square, the Rubia vegetable dye works has been located for some time , which dyes fabrics made of natural fibers with vegetable dyes in the traditional way.
The successor institutions of the seed breeding farms expropriated in 1945 were converted into sub-institutes of the Federal Institute for Breeding Research on Cultivated Plants (BAZ), a research institution assigned to the Federal Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Consumer Protection . Five of the nine sub-institutes of the BAZ are located in Quedlinburg. These are the Institute for Horticultural Crops, the Institute for Epidemiology and Resistance Resources, the Institute for Resistance Research and Pathogen Diagnostics, the Institute for Plant Analysis and the Research and Coordination Center for Plant Genetic Resources. Since the beginning of 2008, the newly founded Julius Kühn Institute - Federal Research Institute for Cultivated Plants (JKI), which emerged from the Federal Biological Institute for Agriculture and Forestry (BBA), the BAZ and the Federal Research Institute for Agriculture (FAL), has its headquarters in Quedlinburg. In addition to the function of the headquarters of this research facility, six main research areas are now located in Quedlinburg : epidemiology and pathogen diagnostics, ecological chemistry, plant analysis and stored product protection, resistance research and stress tolerance, safety of biotechnological processes in plants, breeding research on horticultural crops and fruit, and breeding research on agricultural crops. Private companies such as satimex Quedlinburg , Quedlinburger Saatgut or International Seeds Processing (ISP) were also able to establish themselves.
The economic sectors are divided into: 2 percent agriculture, 19.29 percent industry and 78.71 percent service sector. Agriculture specializes in seed cultivation, industry in construction with special services for restoration and renovation, component manufacture, wood processing, metal processing and pharmaceuticals as well as printing, the service sector primarily in tourism.
Tourism is one of the most important economic factors for Quedlinburg, and the creation of a modern tourist infrastructure is one of the main projects. There are 62 accommodation establishments ( pensions , hotels ) with over 10 beds and a youth hostel available to foreign guests in Quedlinburg . The number of overnight stays is heavily dependent on the season, with peak values around Easter, from May to July, from September to October and at Advent / New Year. The greatest period of weakness is from January to March. At peak times, the capacities in Quedlinburg and in the entire Vorharz region are very busy. A total of 3110 beds are available, which were used for 473,145 overnight stays. Most of the hotels were newly built or completely renovated after 1994.
Since 1994 Quedlinburg has been part of the southern route of the Romanesque Road , a tourist route to the Romanesque monuments of Saxony-Anhalt. It is also a location for women's places . The St. John's Chapel has been a station on the German extension of the Way of St. James since 2003 . The Deutsche Fachwerkstrasse and the Deutsche Alleenstrasse are very close by .
Since November 12, 2008, the city has been a state- approved resort .
The travel guide 1000 places to see before you die calls Quedlinburg “a half-timbered fairy tale”; the travel guide Lonely Planet speaks of an "unpolished jewel ", and the city itself gave itself the motto "Quedlinburg - cradle of Germany" in 2006 (until 1990 "City of Flowers Quedlinburg", until 2006 "Curious about ...?").
In order to promote tourism, a WLAN has been installed in the city since 2015 , which can be received mainly in the shopping streets. It is realized through the Freifunk Harz project.
sons and daughters of the town
Well-known personalities who were born in Quedlinburg include Dorothea Erxleben (* 1715), who was the first German woman to do a doctorate in medicine, Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock (* 1724), the founder of experiential poetry and German irrationalism , Johann Christoph Friedrich GutsMuths (* 1759), who is considered the founder of modern physical education and the father of gymnastics, and also the founder of scientific geography, Carl Ritter (* 1779). More recently, the following should be mentioned: the poet and painter Fritz Graßhoff (1913–1997), the writer Volker von Törne (1934–1980), the former president of the Federal Audit Office (1993–2001) Hedda von Wedel (* 1942), the film director Leander Haußmann (* 1959, including Sonnenallee , Herr Lehmann and NVA ) and the German-Israeli translator Ruth Achlama (* 1945).
Numerous personalities were made honorary citizens of the city of Quedlinburg, partly depending on the political circumstances. During the Nazi era, Adolf Hitler (1889–1945) and Heinrich Himmler (1900–1945) on June 1, 1937, were given honorary citizenship and immediately revoked after the end of World War II.
The most famous people who received honorary citizenship through the city of Quedlinburg include: 1895 Otto von Bismarck (1815–1898), the first German Chancellor , 1910 Julius Wolff (1834–1910), a poet and writer, and in 1998 Gottfried Kiesow ( 1931–2011), chairman of the board of the German Foundation for Monument Protection .
Media, literature and films
The Mitteldeutsche Zeitung has a local editorial office in Quedlinburg. Furthermore, the locally published papers SuperSonntag , Wochenspiegel and Harzer Kreisblatt .
Some of the novels are set in Quedlinburg and the surrounding area. This is how Wilhelm Raabe's Der Schüdderump (1869) acts on the fertile soil of the historic Quedlinburg region. The first part of Theodor Fontane's novel Cécile (1887) also takes place in Quedlinburg and Thale, as do the various novels on Dorothea Christiane Erxleben and Julius Wolff's novel Der Raubgraf. A story from the Harzgau (1884). Also by Gerhard Beutel Der Stadthauptmann von Quedlinburg (Berlin 1972), by Helga Glaesener Du süße gentle Mörderin (Munich 2000) or ten novels by Christian Amling ( Quitilinga History Land , 2005 to 2018) about the fictional private detective Irenäus Moll.
Due to the historical structure of the building, Quedlinburg is ideal as a background for various film and television projects. Several episodes (64, 67-70, 76) of the series Ärger im Revier on RTL II come from Quedlinburg. From 2012 to 2017, the ARD early evening series Heiter bis tödlich : Alles Klara was filmed in the city and its surroundings, with 48 episodes in three seasons. The following list shows a selection of films partly shot in Quedlinburg:
- 1938: Spiel im Sommerwind , directed by Roger von Norman
- 1954: Pole Poppenspäler (FRG: Dorf in der Heimat ), GDR, director: Arthur Pohl
- 1960: Five cartridge cases , with Manfred Krug and Armin Mueller-Stahl , director: Frank Beyer
- 1964: Follow me, Canailles! , with Manfred Krug , director: Ralf Kirsten
- 1971: Police call 110 , four episodes
- 1972: Don't cheat, darling! , with Frank Schöbel , Chris Doerk , Christel Bodenstein , Dorit Gäbler , Rolf Herricht , directors: Joachim Hasler
- 1972: Lützower , with Jürgen Reuter , director: Werner W. Wallroth
- 1974: Casimir the Great , in the collegiate church and in the palace courtyard, with 800 extras
- 1974: Hans Röckle and the devil , director: Hans Kratzert
- 1975: Till Eulenspiegel , with Winfried Glatzeder , director: Rainer Simon
- 1979: Snow White and Rose Red , Director: Siegfried Hartmann
- 1981: Two lines, small print ( Две строчки мелким шрифтом ), directed by Witali Melnikow
- 1982: The long ride to school , with Frank Träger and Iris Riffert , director: Rolf Losansky
- 1992: Wunderjahre , with Gudrun Landgrebe and Christian Müller-Stahl, director: Arend Agthe
- 2000: Picture book Germany , episode: From Quedlinburg to Halberstadt , director: Carla Hicks
- 2003: Pastor Braun two episodes of the German crime series with Ottfried Fischer
- 2003: When Christmas comes true , director: Sherry Hormann
- 2006: 7 dwarfs - the forest is not enough with Otto Waalkes , director: Sven Unterwaldt
- 2010: Goethe! with Moritz Bleibtreu and Alexander Fehling , director: Philipp Stölzl
- 2011: The very big dream with Daniel Brühl , Burghart Klaußner and Thomas Thieme , director: Sebastian Grobler
- 2012: The Medicus , directed by Philipp Stölzl
- 2013: The little ghost with Uwe Ochsenknecht , director: Alain Gsponer
- 2014: Till Eulenspiegel with Jacob Matschenz , director: Christian Theede
- 2015: Heidi with Anuk Steffen , Bruno Ganz and Quirin Agrippi , director: Alain Gsponer
- 2016: Frantz with Pierre Niney and Paula Beer , director: François Ozon
- 2016: Stadtlandliebe with Jessica Schwarz , Tom Beck and Uwe Ochsenknecht , director: Marco Kreuzpaintner
Of locally produced culinary specialties are beekeepers products such as pure rapeseed honey , mustard products and brandy made from local fruits, and the only one still brewed beer in Quedlinburg Pubarschknall the brewery Lüdde to name.
On May 4, 2004 in Magdeburg Central Station of ICE no. 242 (Series 402 / ICE 2 ) the name Quedlinburg baptized and on 24 September 2008 at the Frankfurt airport an aircraft ( Bombardier CRJ700 ) of Lufthansa CityLine .
A 126-ton diesel locomotive (type Voith Maxima 40 CC ) was named Quedlinburg on May 27, 2011 , as it is intended for transport from the newly built loading station near Quedlinburg.
List of sources, literature and maps
- Codex diplomaticus Quedlinburgensis, arr. by Anton Ulrich von Erath . Frankfurt am Main 1764.
- Sources on the administrative, legal and economic history of Quedlinburg from the 15th century to the time of Friedrich the Elder. Large, 1st part, arr. by Hermann Lorenz (historical sources of the province of Saxony; 42). Halle / Saale 1916.
- Document book of the city of Quedlinburg, edited by Karl Janicke (historical sources of the province of Saxony and the adjacent areas, Volume 2), Dept. 1 and 2, Halle / Saale 1873 and 1882.
- Hermann Lorenz: The documentary entries in the council accounts of the city of Quedlinburg from 1454 to 1509 . In: Zeitschrift des Harz-Verein für Geschichte und Altertumskunde 39 (1906), pp. 194–255.
- Karlheinz Wauer: House book of the city of Quedlinburg from the middle of the 16th century to 1950 (series of publications by the Stoye Foundation; 57–59), Marburg 2014.
For a detailed bibliography cf. Brigitte Schröder, Heinz Stoob: Bibliography on German historical urban research, Volume 1. Cologne 1986, pp. 352–354, no. 4359–4381.
- Adolf Brinkmann : Descriptive representation of the older architectural and art monuments of the district city of Quedlinburg , Volume 1 and 2, Berlin 1922 and 1923.
- List of monuments Saxony-Anhalt Volume 7.1 .: District of Quedlinburg City of Quedlinburg , developed by Falko Grubitzsch et al., Halle / Saale 1998, ISBN 3-910147-67-4 .
- Johann Heinrich Fritsch : History of the former Reichsstift and the city of Quedlinburg , Volume 1 and 2, Quedlinburg 1828.
- Selmar Kleemann: Cultural-historical images from Quedlinburg's past. Quedlinburg 1922.
- Hermann Lorenz : Development of the Abbey and City of Quedlinburg. Quedlinburg 1922.
- Angela Pfotenhauer, Elmar Lixenfeld: Quedlinburg. World heritage. Monuments edition, monuments publication of the German Foundation for Monument Protection, Bonn 2004, ISBN 3-936942-45-5 or ISBN 3-936942-46-3
- Hans-Hartmut Schauer: The urban monument of Quedlinburg and its half-timbered buildings . Berlin 1990, ISBN 3-345-00233-7 .
- Hans-Hartmut Schauer: Quedlinburg half-timbered town world cultural heritage. Berlin 1999, ISBN 3-345-00676-6 .
- Thomas Wozniak : Quedlinburg in the 14th and 16th centuries - a social topographical comparison (= Hall contributions to the history of the Middle Ages and early modern times. Vol. 11). Akademie-Verlag, Berlin 2013, ISBN 978-3-05-006049-1 .
- Thomas Wozniak: Quedlinburg. Small city history. Pustet, Regensburg 2014, ISBN 3-7917-2605-6 .
- Friends of Historical Collections Quedlinburg e. V. (Ed.): Quedlinburger Annalen. Local history yearbook for the city and region of Quedlinburg , 1st year (1998) ff.
- Peter Kasper: The Reichsstift Quedlinburg (936-1810) concept-time-reference-system change; V&R unipress, Göttingen, 2014; ISBN 978-3-8471-0209-0
- Gustav Brecht : The area of the former Reichsstift Quedlinburg with details of the desert areas, the ditch and the most important field names , supplement UB Stadt Quedlinburg , Volume 2, Halle 1882, p. XCIX.
- Ulrich Reuling , Daniel Stracke: German Historical City Atlas (DHStA) No. 1 Quedlinburg (publications by the Institute for Comparative Urban History - Münster). Edited by Wilfried Ehbrecht, Peter Johanek, Jürgen Lafrenz. Cartography by Thomas Kaling, Dieter Overhageböck. Münster 2006, ISBN 3-87023-272-2 .
- Topographic maps of the State Office for Land Surveying and Data Processing Saxony-Anhalt, TK 25 sheets 4132 (Halberstadt), 4232 (Quedlinburg), 4133 (Wegeleben) and 4233 (Ballenstedt), 2nd edition, 1997; TK 50 sheets L 4332 (Quedlinburg) and 4132 (Halberstadt), 2nd edition, 1998.
- Geological map of the Prussian Geological State Institute , delivery 240 sheet 2307 (Halberstadt) Berlin 1928 and sheet 2381 (Quedlinburg), Berlin 1927.
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- Official website of the city
- Information for Quedlinburg and the surrounding area
- Unesco world heritage site. Retrieved December 17, 2014 . (RealVideo, 14 min.)
- Link catalog on Quedlinburg at curlie.org (formerly DMOZ )
- Entry on the UNESCO World Heritage Center website ( English and French ).
- State Statistical Office Saxony-Anhalt, population of the municipalities - as of December 31, 2019 (PDF) (update) ( help ).
- City of Quedlinburg (Ed.): Official Gazette of the City of Quedlinburg 04/2015 . Quedlinburg March 28, 2015, p. 10 ( quedlinburg.de [PDF; accessed on March 30, 2015]). Official Journal of the City of Quedlinburg 04/2015 ( Memento of the original from April 2, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Mitteldeutsche Zeitung (ed.): Quedlinburg is now officially a “World Heritage City”. Name change in the Harz . Quedlinburg March 31, 2015 ( mz-web.de [accessed March 30, 2015]). Quedlinburg is now officially a “World Heritage City” ( memento of the original from April 2, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Gerald Patzelt: Collection of geological guides, Volume 96, northern Harz foreland (Subherzyn), eastern part . Bornträger Brothers, Berlin 2003, ISBN 3-443-15079-9 .
- S. Siegesmund, C.-H. Friedel, J. Vogel, S. Mosch, D. Naumann, A. Peter, H. Giesen: Stability assessment of sandstones from the St. Servatius Church in Quedlinburg (UNESCO's World Heritage Site, Germany) . In: Environmental Earth Sciences 63 (2011), pp. 641-659. doi : 10.1007 / s12665-010-0736-7
- Hilmar Schröder: The natural environment of Saxony-Anhalt . In: Eckhard Oelke (Ed.): Saxony-Anhalt . Gotha 1997, ISBN 3-623-00673-4 , p. 61.
- Henry Schroeder, Fritz Dahlgrün: Explanations for the geological map of Prussia and neighboring German countries. Sheet Quedlinburg, Lfg. 240, No. 2381. Berlin 1927.
- German Weather Service ( Memento of the original from September 23, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , Normal period 1961–1990
- Precipitation: Monthly values 1951–1980 Braunschweig Ostfalen region ( Memento of the original from October 26, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Extensive climate diagram: precipitation, temperature, sunshine, hours of sunshine, German mean values
- Germany in August 2010: The warmest, driest and sunniest places in Germany ( Memento from January 17, 2015 on WebCite ) (PDF)
- C. Senula: Expansion of industrial u. Magdeburger Strasse industrial estate . Quedlinburg 2010, p. 41 ( Memento of the original dated November 4, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF; 842 kB)
- All extreme data from 1945 to 2019
- Precipitation: Monthly values 1951–1980 Braunschweig Ostfalen region ( Memento of the original from October 26, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , after Schroeder / Dahlgrün (1927), p. 101
- data for Quedlinburg ( Memento of the original from March 1, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- German Meteorological Yearbook 2006 , Offenbach am Main 2009, p. 31.
- Local constitution law of the state in the version of July 1, 2014 ( Memento of the original of September 15, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF)
- Main statutes in the version of March 12, 2015 ( Memento of the original of April 20, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF)
- Christa Rienäcker: The Neolithic Settlement of Quedlinburg . In: Annual Journal for Central German Prehistory 62 (1978), pp. 109-133.
- Hanfried Schmidt: The early Neolithic . In: Harald Meller (Ed.): Archeology XXL. Archeology on the B 6n in the Quedlinburg district. Halle / Saale 2006, pp. 65–69.
- Ulrich Reuling: Quedlinburg: Königspfalz - Reichsstift - Markt . In: Lutz Fenske (Ed.): Deutsche Königspfalzen. Contributions to their historical and archaeological research, 4. Göttingen 1996, pp. 184–247.
- Theodor Sickel (Ed.): Diplomata 12: The documents Konrad I., Heinrich I. and Otto I. (Conradi I., Heinrici I. et Ottonis I. Diplomata). Hanover 1879, pp. 41–42 ( Monumenta Germaniae Historica , )
- Theodor Sickel (Ed.): Diplomata 13: The documents Otto II and Otto III. (Ottonis II. Et Ottonis III. Diplomata). Hanover 1893, pp. 566–567 ( Monumenta Germaniae Historica , )
- Hermann Lorenz: Development of the Abbey and City of Quedlinburg . Quedlinburg 1922, pp. 381-384.
- Matthias Werner: Ottonischer Burgward - Quedlinburgisches Stiftsgut - City of the bailiffs of Gera: Gera from the 10th to 13th century and its beginnings as a city . In: Geraer Hefte 5 (2017), pp. 8–55.
- Cf. Manfred Mehl: The coins of the Quedlinburg monastery . Hamburg 2006, pp. 42-49.
- Klaus Militzer , Peter Przybilla: Urban Development, Citizenship and Council. Halberstadt and Quedlinburg until the middle of the 14th century . Göttingen 1980, ISBN 3-525-35380-4 , especially pp. 141-144.
- Bernd Feicke: The Roland of Quedlinburg . In: Harz-Zs. 63 (2011), pp. 125-138.
- Erik Richter: Was the Roland erected again in 1561? In: Quedlinburger Annalen 18 (2018/19), pp. 149–155.
- Gerd Alpermann: The Quedlinburger Roland has been completely restored . In: Mitteldeutsche Zeitung of December 13, 2013 ( Memento of the original of October 28, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. .
- Achim Todenhöfer: The Franciscan Church of St. Franziskus in Quedlinburg. In: Churches of the mendicant orders. The architecture of the Dominicans and Franciscans in Saxony-Anhalt. Dietrich Reimer Verlag, Berlin 2010, pp. 116–125.
- Thomas Wozniak: Quedlinburg's social topography in the late Middle Ages . In: Forum City . Quarterly magazine for city history, urban sociology, monument preservation and urban development, 38 (2011), no. 2, pp. 181–194.
- Bernd Feicke: On the political prehistory of the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss 1803 and its results for Electoral Saxony and Prussia in the Eastern Harz with special attention ... the Reichsstiftes Quedlinburg . In: Contributions to the regional and state culture of Saxony-Anhalt 29 (2004), pp. 4–29, here: pp. 17–22.
- Thomas Wozniak: "... the camp is exemplary in every respect ..." POWs of the First World War in Quedlinburg (1914–1922) . In: Yearbook for the History of Central and Eastern Germany, Volume 57 (2011), pp. 125–154.
- The Bode flood New Year's Eve 1925 in Quedlinburg: Festschrift for the inauguration of the station bridge on November 27, 1926. Ed. City Council of Quedlinburg 1926.
- Jahn-Holger Kirsch: "We live in the age of the final confrontation with Christianity." National Socialist projects for church renovations in Enger, Quedlinburg and Braunschweig. In: Stefan Brakensiek (Ed.): Widukind. Research on a Myth. Bielefeld 1997, pp. 33-95; Tim Lorentzen: Ideological usurpation: the National Socialist remodeling of the collegiate churches in Braunschweig and Quedlinburg as a signing act. Wolfenbüttel 2005.
- Horst Müller: The persecution of the Jews. In: Uwe Gerig (ed.): Quedlinburg - stories from the past century. Quedlinburg 2000, pp. 86-88.
- Eberhard Brecht, Manfred, Kummer: Juden in Quedlinburg (= history, end and traces of an extradited minority , 7). Halberstadt 1996.
- Horst Müller: The surrender without a fight. In: Uwe Gerig (ed.): Quedlinburg stories from the past century. Quedlinburg 2000, p. 94f.
- Hans-Dieter Nover: There is a demonstration in the cities: Quedlinburg. In: Stefanie Wahl (Ed.): The events around June 17, 1953 in the Halle district. Highlights. State representative for the records of the State Security Service of the former GDR in Saxony-Anhalt. 2nd edition 2003.
- Holm Petri: The miracle of candles: From the nonviolent revolution to unity in 1989/90 Quedlinburg. Quedlinburg 1999, p. 2.
- Eberhard Brecht, Hans Jaeckel, Eckhardt Sehmsdorf (ed.): From the courage of a new beginning. Quedlinburgers remember autumn '89. State Center for Political Education Saxony-Anhalt, Magdeburg 1999.
- Christiane Kohl: "There has been a dictatorship here since '33". Dealing with right-wing extremists in Quedlinburg in East Germany ( Memento of the original from April 7, 2019 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. . In: Der Spiegel , 46 (1992), pp. 97-110; Uwe Gerig: Epilogue. In: Uwe Gerig (ed.): Quedlinburg stories from the past century. Quedlinburg 2000, pp. 142f; Colorful protest against the right. In: KSTA from September 17, 2007, In the fight against the right-wing extremist demon. In: KSTA of September 30, 2007.
- Unesco World Heritage List ( Memento of the original dated June 2, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Report of the Mitteldeutsche Zeitung of October 4, 2001 ( memento of the original of October 26, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Harzer Schmalspurbahnen ( Memento of the original from October 21, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (October 20, 2017).
- Robert Brosch: On the excavation results in Quedlinburg (old town and market) 2011–2013. In: Thomas Wozniak, Sebastian Müller and Andreas Meyer (eds.): Königswege. Festschrift for Hans K. Schulze. Leipzig 2014, pp. 145–152.
- Website of the CDU Saxony-Anhalt , accessed on January 19, 2020.
- The fluctuations from 2011 on are based on incorporations that have since been reversed before being incorporated again.
- The figures for 1950 were collected on different months and are given as 35,426 and 35,555, respectively. Hans-Hartmut Schauer: The urban monument of Quedlinburg and its half-timbered buildings . Berlin 1990, p. 25.
- Ingo Kugenbuch: Three municipalities are independent again after a court ruling . In: Mitteldeutsche Zeitung . Quedlinburg February 20, 2013 ( mz-web.de [accessed February 19, 2013]). According to a court ruling, three municipalities are again independent ( memento of the original from February 22, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Thomas Wozniak, Katrin Kanus-Sieber: On the demography of Quedlinburg from the 10th to the 21st century . In: Quedlinburger Annalen. Local history yearbook for the city and region of Quedlinburg, 15 (2012/2013), pp. 101–115.
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. quedlinburg.html. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- Local lexicon of the GDR. Compiled and edited by Heinz Adomeit. 2nd, revised edition. Staatsverlag der DDR, Berlin 1974, p. 339.
- Population as of December 31, except May 17, 1939, October 29, 1946 and October 10, 1990. The figures for 1950 were collected on different months and are given as 35,426 and 35,555, respectively.
- Data from statistik.sachsen-Anhalt, 2010 ( Memento from January 18, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF)
- Bertelsmann Stiftung ( Memento of the original from October 10, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Stephan Westermann: Findings and perspectives on the population development of the city . In: Stadt Quedlinburg (ed.): Official Journal of the City of Quedlinburg . No. 03/2012 . Quedlinburg February 25, 2012, p. 3 .
- Census 2011. In: Census database
- Stat. State Office of Saxony, Anhalt
- 2011 census. In: Census database. Archived from the original on June 21, 2013 ; Retrieved September 21, 2013 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Approved nominations for the elections of the city council, the local council Bad Suderode and the local council Gernrode on May 25, 2014 ( Memento of the original from September 24, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , dated April 8, 2014, accessed May 30, 2014
- Election supervisor of the city of Quedlinburg (Scheller): Final election results of the city council 2014 ( Memento of the original from May 31, 2014 in the Internet archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , dated May 28, 2014, accessed May 30, 2014
- Saxony-Anhalt State Statistical Office: Local elections in Saxony-Anhalt 2019, municipal council elections in the World Heritage City of Quedlinburg and Quedlinburg website - election results 2019 , accessed on January 16, 2020
- Jörg Mantzsch: Coat of arms documentation in the appendix to the application for approval for the coat of arms of Quedlinburg . Magdeburg 1998.
- Main statutes of the city of Quedlinburg ( Memento of November 4, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF)
- Website Council of the Municipalities and Regions of Europe ( Memento of the original from September 19, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Christian Müller: Investigations into late medieval defense technology in the Harz region with special consideration of the Quedlinburg ballista. In: Burgen und Schlösser in Sachsen-Anhalt, 21 (2012), , pp. 235–375.
- Christian Mühldorfer-Vogt: “On the trail of the Ottonians” - conceptual considerations for a museum project . In: Quedlinburger Annalen. Heimatkundliches Jahrbuch für Stadt und Region Quedlinburg, 7 (2004), , pp. 108–110.
- Christian Mühldorfer-Vogt, Heinrich-Böllstiftung Sachsen-Anhalt (ed.): History and Propaganda. The Ottonen in the shadow of National Socialism . Documentation of a conference of the Heinrich Böll Foundation Saxony-Anhalt, the Castle Museum Quedlinburg and the Museum Association Saxony-Anhalt e. V. on September 25, 2003 in Quedlinburg, Quedlinburg 2005.
- Frank Högg: Structural research in Quedlinburg: half-timbered houses of the 13th and 14th centuries . In: Historical building research in Saxony-Anhalt (2007), pp. 251–280, here p. 279.
- Website of the Railway ( Memento of the original from October 7, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- P. Stechert, R. Pagel: Wordspeicher Quedlinburg. Weimar 2000.
- Museum. In: quedlinburg.de. May 19, 2003, archived from the original on March 23, 2019 ; accessed on March 23, 2019 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Andreas Stahl: Königshof and Stiftsberg in Quedlinburg: Sites of the Heinrich cult of the SS . In: Reinhard Schmitt, Uwe Steinecke (ed.): Historical building research in Saxony-Anhalt II. Halle / S. 2013, pp. 471–496.
- Website of the Friends of St. Wiperti Church Quedlinburg e. V. ( Memento of the original from September 17, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Joachim Wolf: Quedlinburg - Market Church St. Benedikti: UNESCO World Heritage (photos by Gregor Peda; Red. Christina Pfeffer). Passau 2005, ISBN 3-89643-598-1 .
- C. Senula: Expansion of industrial u. Magdeburger Strasse industrial estate . Quedlinburg 2010, p. 44 ( Memento of the original from November 4, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF; 842 kB).
- Christoph Tretschok, Matthias Wozniak, Thomas Wozniak (eds.): 150 years of the Catholic Church of Saint Mathilde Quedlinburg 1858–2008 . Quedlinburg 2008.
- Hans-Hartmut Schauer: Quedlinburg half-timbered town, world cultural heritage. Berlin 1999, p. 49.
- Condition analysis of the neighborhoods / statistical evaluation module. (PDF (2.9 MB)) In: Quedlinburg Monument Preservation Plan 2012. Rittmannsperger + Partner Erfurt in collaboration with the City of Quedlinburg, pp. 90–91 , archived from the original on January 8, 2014 ; Retrieved October 3, 2012 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Günter Kowa: Quedlinburg wants to get World Heritage status with renovation and plan . In: Mitteldeutsche Zeitung . Quedlinburg October 4, 2012 ( mz-web.de [accessed October 3, 2012]).
- FAZ.net August 24, 2011: Stop the expiry ( memento of the original from October 14, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Official Journal (December 27, 2014) ( Memento of the original from October 23, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF)
- Thomas Wozniak: House inscriptions in Quedlinburg - a brief overview . In: Quedlinburger Annalen 17 (2016/17), pp. 59–75.
- Frank Högg: The historic house at Breite Straße 11 to 13 in Quedlinburg: The oldest half-timbered house in Saxony-Anhalt . In: Der Holznagel 41 (2016), H. 5, pp. 5-8.
- Homepage / History ( Memento of the original from August 18, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Bernd Feicke: City history and the decoration of historical town halls in the Harz as a symbol of the power and rights of the city . In: Harz-Forschungen 23 (2007), pp. 227-277, here 256-257, 270.
- History of the house ( Memento of the original from January 26, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Werkstätten für Denkmalpflege GmbH wins the Federal Prize for Crafts in Monument Preservation 2008. Projects. Werkstätten für Denkmalpflege GmbH Quedlinburg, archived from the original on November 23, 2015 ; accessed on November 29, 2015 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Christa Rienäcker: The medieval fortifications of Quedlinburg: city fortifications . Halberstadt 1988.
- Thomas Wozniak: Feldwarten and Landwehr von Quedlinburg . In: Schlösser und Burgen in Sachsen-Anhalt, 24 (2015), pp. 247–305.
- Christa Rienäcker: The medieval fortifications of Quedlinburg: Feldwarten . Halberstadt 1989 and website of the Wartenverein ( Memento of the original from April 7, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Hasso Storbeck: The stories of the former most popular excursion restaurants and swimming pools of Quedlinburg, with illustrations. Quedlinburg 2005.
- Rudolf Lehmann: Theater in Quedlinburg: a chronicle on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the Quedlinburg stage. Quedlinburg 1994.
- Erwin Bagusch: Tango Argentino in Quedlinburg. Archived from the original on March 26, 2009 ; Retrieved October 1, 2008 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Dirk Endisch: The "Balkans" - The branch line Frose – Gernrode – Quedlinburg. Leonberg-Höfingen 2004.
- Selmar Kleemann: Cultural-historical pictures from Quedlinburg's past . Quedlinburg 1922, pp. 269-275.
- Hans Löhr: History of the municipal higher girls 'school in Quedlinburg: A contribution to the history of Quedlinburg and the development of the higher girls' school system . [Quedlinburg] 1899.
- Chronicle of the Neustädter Grundschule ( memento from November 29, 2010 in the Internet Archive ), viewed on December 5, 2011
- Bosseschule website ( Memento of the original from August 30, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Website of the grammar school ( Memento of the original from January 23, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Quality ( Memento of the original from December 17, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed on February 5, 2010, PDF, 80 kB
- Member schools in the regional association of music schools in Saxony-Anhalt ( Memento of the original from September 19, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Website of the music school ( Memento of the original from October 9, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Texas Tech University Center in Quedlinburg ( Memento of the original from August 13, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Detlef Horenburg: Off for the horticultural school in Quedlinburg . In: Mitteldeutsche Zeitung . Quedlinburg August 25, 2012 ( mz-web.de [accessed February 19, 2013]).
- Website of the German Half-timbered Center ( Memento of the original from May 25, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Website of the district library ( Memento of the original from December 24, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- OncoMap. Center search. OnkoZert GmbH, archived from the original on November 29, 2015 ; accessed on November 29, 2015 (list of all centers certified by the German Cancer Society). Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- page of the clinic ( Memento of the original from August 25, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. and Stefan Wolter: Only the best is good enough for the sick: Klinikum Dorothea Christiane Erxleben gGmbH 100 years of the Ditfurter Weg location . Quedlinburg 2007.
- Laetitia Rijckevorsel: Hemel en hel, Frans von Fisenne (German: Heaven and Hell) . The Hague 2010, ISBN 978-90-78256-07-6 (Dutch).
- Kurt Adam: The metal industry of the city of Quedlinburg and its importance for the local population . Leipzig 1925.
- Birgit Reimer: Quedlinburger seed cultivation and plant breeding until 1945 of worldwide importance . Quedlinburg 1991; Hermann Wagner: The Quedlinburg flower seed production. Requirements, rise, flowering and decline . Oschersleben 1995.
- Website of Rubia plant dyeing works Seidlitz ( Memento of the original from January 2, 2019 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (accessed January 1, 2019).
- Website of the Quedlinburg roller foundry ( Memento from October 11, 2007 in the Internet Archive )
- History. About us. Mertik Maxitrol GmbH & Co. KG, archived from the original on November 20, 2015 ; accessed on November 29, 2015 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Julius Kühn Institute. Archived from the original on March 23, 2019 ; accessed on March 23, 2019 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Website of satimex Quedlinburg Handelsgesellschaft mbH ( Memento of the original from September 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. and website of the Quedlinburger Saatgut ( Memento of the original from February 18, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. as well as the ISP website ( Memento of the original from March 7, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Holidays in the World Heritage City of Quedlinburg are still trendy, in hoga-presse on March 8, 2019, viewed on April 26, 2020.
- The appointment as a resort ( memento of the original from November 4, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Patricia Schultz: 1000 places to see before you die . [Translated from: Anja von Cysewski], Königswinter 2006, p. 32.
- Article Mitteldeutsche Zeitung ( Memento of the original from February 18, 2019 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed October 13, 2016
- Entry on buechertreff.de ( Memento of the original from March 27, 2019 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Episode ( memento of the original from March 27, 2019 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Website for “Alles Klara” on ARD ( memento of the original from November 26, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- See the list of over 16 DEFA films ( Memento of the original from March 31, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. that were filmed in Quedlinburg.
- 30 film titles in the IMDb ( Memento of the original from December 20, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Stadtlandliebe in the Internet Movie Database (English)
- MS Quedlinburg. Ship data. Marine radio FX intern e. V. Rostock, archived from the original on December 8, 2015 ; accessed on November 29, 2015 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- The baptisms of the ICE ( Memento from May 9, 2009 in the Internet Archive )
- Ingo Kugenbuch: Flying advertising - "Quedlinburg" celebrates tenth anniversary in the air . In: Mitteldeutsche Zeitung . Mediengruppe Mitteldeutsche Zeitung GmbH & Co. KG, Quedlinburg January 30, 2013 ( online [accessed November 29, 2015]). online ( Memento of the original from December 8, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Frank Ruprecht: Sekt for the "Quedlinburg" . Ed .: Mitteldeutsche Zeitung. Mitteldeutsche Zeitung, Quedlinburg / Halle (Saale) May 28, 2001 ( mz-web.de [accessed May 23, 2018]).
- Completecontents for years 1 to 10 ( Memento of the original from November 5, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. . In: Volume 11 (2008), pp. 132–143.