Ferdinand von Quast
Ferdinand von Quast , completely Alexander Ferdinand Wilhelm Robert von Quast , (born June 23, 1807 in Radensleben , † March 11, 1877 there ) was a German architect , art historian and, since 1843, the first Prussian state curator. He was the heir to the Radensleben estate near Neuruppin and canon of the Brandenburg Cathedral Monastery .
Ferdinand von Quast was the son of the landowner Wilhelm von Quast (* 1776) and his wife Charlotte Friederike Philippin Louise von Rohr (1786–1879). He received training from private tutors and then attended the Plamann School of Education and finally the Neuruppiner Gymnasium, which shows that even noblemen no longer withheld the bourgeois, humanistic ideal of education from their offspring.
From 1825 he studied at the general building school architecture and Feldmeßtechnik, where he also students of the architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel was who, since 1815, that is the end of the wars of liberation , for historic preservation began. In 1836 von Quast passed his master builder examination.
After the death of his father in 1830, he took over the Radensleben estate and in 1833 expanded the manor house and its outbuildings. He was a member of the Prussian House of Representatives ; politically he was conservative and loyal to the king.
During his studies, he traveled through Germany and to Italy , France and the Netherlands . In 1838/1839 he stayed in Italy for almost a year and studied the ancient sites. He subsequently published several books and gave lectures on the history of architecture in the Altes Museum . At the first meeting of German architects in Leipzig, he called for the establishment of a general association to research German antiquities.
King Friedrich Wilhelm IV. , Who had already commissioned Minister of Culture von Eichhorn in 1840 to make proposals for the organization of the preservation of monuments in Prussia, appointed Ferdinand von Quast on July 22, 1843 as “ Conservator of Monuments” in Prussia . His tasks included traveling to the monuments for the purpose of appraisal, drawing up reports and drawings on the objects, negotiating with the responsible officials on site and participating in historical societies. Since he did not receive any material or even auxiliary staff, it is mainly thanks to his enthusiasm and the income from his estate that he remained loyal to this office until his death.
Ferdinand von Quast campaigned for the extensive preservation of the original building fabric, restraint in the reconstruction and a visible distinction between old and new. So the king sent him to Lübeck when he heard that the Lübeckers were thinking of tearing down the Holsten Gate to counteract this. Since his area of office extended from the Rhineland to East Prussia , he was only able to visit and check the individual objects very rarely and after a long time. Among other things, he developed a questionnaire to record the monuments in Prussia, the main features of which are still used today.
The extensive estate of Ferdinand von Quast, which was in the archive of the TU Berlin (over 7000 drawings) and in the manor house in Radensleben, was largely destroyed in 1945. After all, many documents have been preserved in the archives of the former Prussian provinces.
In 1848 he married Marie Caroline Luise von Diest (1818–1885), the eldest daughter of General Heinrich von Diest and his wife Adolfine Johanna Adelheid Henriette, née von Gerhardt. The couple had seven children:
- Siegfried von Quast (born September 18, 1842; † October 31, 1887) ⚭ Elisabeth von Diest (born November 6, 1862; † December 21, 1946)
- Marie Adelheid Charlotte von Quast (* July 10, 1845 - May 30, 1854)
- Anna Meta Friederike Marie Henriette von Quast (born June 25, 1847) ⚭ May 12, 1875 Hans Otto von Zieten, landowner
- Wilhelm Alexander von Quast (* July 25, 1849 - † May 27, 1919) ⚭ August 16, 1890 Elisabeth von Quast, b. von Diest, used von Quast (6 November 1862 - 21 December 1946)
- Ferdinand von Quast (* October 18, 1850 - March 27, 1939) ⚭ June 21, 1877 Alexandrine von Paykull (* May 25, 1857; † July 16, 1930)
- Adelheid Charlotte Hedwig von Quast (born March 24, 1854) ⚭ October 2, 1875 August Carl Heinrich Louis von Negelein, officer
- Alexander Henning Konstantin Heinrich Ferdinand von Quast (* February 16, 1856 - † December 3, 1928), officer, ⚭ February 22, 1883 Bertha Wann (* October 7, 1860 - † December 14, 1933)
- In 1836 he wrote a memorandum relating to the preservation of antiquities in the royal lands with concrete proposals for the state organization of monument protection.
- The Erechtheion at Athens together with several as yet unknown fragments of the architecture of this city and the rest of Greece . Berlin 1840 (translation and extensive expansion of the publication by Inwood), digitized MDZ: Textband
- In 1842 he published the richly illustrated book The Early Christian Buildings of Ravenna from the Fifth to the Ninth Century .
- Monuments of architecture in Prussia . Issues 1–3. Berlin 1852, DNB 830367500
- The Romanesque domes of the Middle Rhine at Mainz, Speier, Worms . Berlin 1853, digitized MDZ
- In the 1840s and 1850s he directed the restoration of the double chapel in Neuchâtel near Freyburg.
- 1842–1845 he directed the restoration of the Franciscan monastery church in Berlin .
- In 1845 he suggested after a trip to Thuringia the reconstruction of the Basilica Münchenlohra to
- 1845 Suggestions for the restoration of the Corpus Christi chapel in Wittenberg
- 1846/1848 drafts for the restoration of the Wartburg (rejected)
- From 1853–1856 he restored the monastery church in Jerichow at the request of King Friedrich Wilhelm IV .
- In 1854 he laid out the Campo Santo cemetery in Radensleben .
- In 1857 he made plans to rebuild the monastery church (Bad Klosterlausnitz) in Thuringia
- from 1857: Restoration of the castle complex in Heilsberg in East Prussia (today Lidzbark Warmiński in Poland ), continued in 1926 by Karl Hauke
- In 1859 he designed the restoration of the St. Cyriakus collegiate church in Gernrode .
- In 1868 he prevented the Greifswald catch tower from being demolished .
- In 1870 he designed the restoration of the Havelberg Cathedral .
- Preservation of monuments on the 13th century village church of Neuruppin- Radensleben (including design of the chandeliers, a stepped gallery and the wall paintings as well as design of the window paintings).
- Preservation of monuments on the medieval residential tower at the headquarters of the von Quast family in Temnitztal -Garz.
- Participation in the restoration of the basilica and the Church of Our Lady in Trier .
- Participation in the restoration of the Palatine Chapel in Aachen .
- Participation in the restoration of the cathedral in Frankfurt am Main .
Campo Santo in Radensleben
The inscription on the stone cross in the center of the Campo Santo says that Ferdinand von Quast laid out this cemetery in 1854.
The free-standing tombstones (from left):
- Heinrich von Quast, Colonel a. D. (* February 16, 1856 in Radensleben; † December 3, 1928 in Potsdam);
- Ferdinand von Quast (born June 23, 1807; † March 11, 1877), heir to Radensleben, curator of art monuments, canon of Brandenburg, and Marie von Quast, née. von Diest (born June 10, 1818 in Berlin, † August 17, 1885 in Wiesbaden);
- Gravestone with fallen letters on which a plaque mentions Kurt Wilhelm von Quast (born October 19, 1900; † April 14, 1932); Ehrengard von Quast (born May 6, 1887 in Radensleben, † December 7, 1926 in Davos ).
On the east wall of the church:
- Florence von Quast (born April 29, 1884 in Goslar, † March 25, 1886 in Montreux);
- Adelheid Charlotte Hedwig von Negelein, b. von Quast (born March 24, 1854 in Radensleben; † April 28, 1938 in Potsdam), and urn of her daughter Elisabeth Amalie Karoline von Negelein (born July 7, 1876 in Neuruppin ; † May 18, 1943 in Potsdam);
- Marie Adelheid Charlotte von Quast (born August 10, 1845 in Berlin, † May 30, 1854 in Radensleben);
- Marie von Quast, b. Hengstenberg (born June 11, 1848 in Berlin, † January 3, 1875 in Wiesbaden);
- Siegfried von Quast (born September 18, 1842 in Berlin, † October 31, 1887 in Eskişehir ), heir to Radensleben, district administrator of the Ruppin district, retired Rittmeister. D .;
- Wilhelm von Quast (born July 25, 1849 in Radensleben, † May 28, 1919 in Radensleben), heir to Radensleben, Major a. D., 1889–1918 member of the state parliament for the Ruppin-Templin district;
- Wilhelm von Diest (born April 17, 1828; † August 25/26, 1870 near Strasbourg) and Marie von Diest, b. Schenckendorff (born September 24, 1832 - † April 11, 1885).
On the eastern wall:
- Anna von Diest, b. von Thile (born August 20, 1830 in Berlin, † October 5, 1908 in Merseburg), wife of Gustav von Diest
- Gustav von Diest (born August 16, 1826 in Posen , † February 27, 1911 in Merseburg ), Real Privy Councilor , dean of the Merseburg Cathedral Monastery, former district president. D.
In addition, a grave plaque indicates
- Ernst Wilhelm Hengstenberg (born October 20, 1802 - † May 28, 1869),
- Theresa Hengstenberg, b. von Quast (December 28, 1812 - September 14, 1861),
- Wilhelm Hengstenberg (March 31, 1834 - August 25, 1835), Hans Hengstenberg (February 20, 1837 - February 20, 1869),
- Elisabeth Hengstenberg (born September 15, 1842 - † May 24, 1854) and
- Hans Hengstenberg (born June 7, 1868 - † May 11, 1869).
On passage to Hengstberg - Mausoleum a grave plaque hangs on
- Elisabeth von Quast (born November 6, 1862 in Wetzlar ; † December 21, 1946 in Radensleben), b. from Diest.
with Hengstberg - Mausoleum
- Karl Hammer (1845-1897)
Medal of Honor
The State of Berlin confers since 1987 Ferdinand von Quast medal to individuals and institutions that are in particular to the conservation use.
In May 1990 the Ferdinand-von-Quast-Gesellschaft e. V. founded.
in alphabetical order by authors / editors
- Rudolf Bergau : Quast, Alex. Ferd. from . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 27, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1888, pp. 26-31.
- Felicitas Buch: Studies on the Prussian preservation of monuments using the example of Ferdinand von Quast's conservation work (= manuscripts on art history 30). Wernersche Verlagsgesellschaft, Worms 1990, ISBN 3-88462-929-8 . (At the same time: Dissertation at the Technical University of Darmstadt 1989)
- Detlef Karg (Ed.): Ferdinand von Quast (1807–1877): First Prussian Conservator of Art Monuments = workbooks of the Brandenburg State Office for Monument Preservation and State Archaeological Museum 18. Lukas Verlag f. Art and Intellectual history, Berlin 2008, ISBN 978-3-86732-023-8 .
- Literature by and about Ferdinand von Quast in the catalog of the German National Library
- Works by and about Ferdinand von Quast in the German Digital Library
- Search for Ferdinand von Quast in the SPK digital portal of the Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation
- Designs and projects by Ferdinand von Quast in the holdings of the Architekturmuseum der TU Berlin
- Ferdinand von Quast Medal from the Berlin Senate Department for Urban Development
- June 25, 2007 all-day colloquium in the Berlin town hall by the Berlin State Monuments Office (PDF) (2.15 MB)
- Family tree in schlossarchiv.de
- ↑ Otto Dziobek: History of the Infantry Regiment Lübeck (3rd Hanseatic) No. 162 - mentioned in connection with his son why Quast's name had such a good sound in the non-Prussian Lübeck; first edition 1922.
|SURNAME||Quast, Ferdinand von|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German architect, art historian|
|DATE OF BIRTH||June 23, 1807|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Radensleben|
|DATE OF DEATH||March 11, 1877|
|Place of death||Radensleben|