Darmstadt University of Technology
|Darmstadt University of Technology|
|founding||October 10, 1877|
|Students||25,170 (WS 2019/20)|
thereof scientists: 2,617
thereof professors: 312
|Annual budget||Total: EUR 453.2 million (2019)
State funds: EUR 254.9 million (2019)
Third-party funds : EUR 165.2 million (2019)
Federal- State University Pact : EUR 24.3 million (2019)
other funds : EUR 8.8 million (2019)
|Networks||CAST , CESAER , CLUSTER , DFH , TU9 , TIME , UNITE !, RMU|
The Technical University of Darmstadt is the first autonomous university in the Federal Republic of Germany . With a good 25,000 students and almost 5,000 employees, including around 310 professors, it is one of the medium-sized universities in Germany and belongs to the TU9 university network .
The Technical University of Darmstadt is part of the Rhein-Main-Neckar IT cluster and the leading software cluster. The Technical University of Darmstadt, the Johannes Gutenberg University of Mainz and the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University of Frankfurt am Main together form the Rhine-Main Universities (RMU). The Technical University of Darmstadt is a partner of the National Research Center for Applied Cybersecurity ATHENE , the largest research institution for IT security in Europe.
The Technical University of Darmstadt founded the world's first chair for electrical engineering in 1882 . The world's first faculty for electrical engineering followed in 1883, and with it the introduction of the world's first electrical engineering course. Graduates and employees of the TU Darmstadt played a key role in founding computer science , business informatics and artificial intelligence as a scientific subject in Germany. The beginnings of computer science as a scientific discipline in Germany go back to the Institute for Practical Mathematics at the TH Darmstadt. In 1976 the TH Darmstadt introduced the first course in business informatics in Germany.
The Polytechnic School in Darmstadt was raised to university status on October 10, 1877 by awarding the title Technical University of Darmstadt by Ludwig IV , Grand Duke of Hesse and the Rhine. This also resulted in a change in the conditions of admission, which now required the Abitur . 1899 was TH Darmstadt by Grand Duke Ernst Ludwig , the doctoral degrees awarded. In order to clarify its university status, the Technical University changed its name to Technical University (TU Darmstadt) on October 1, 1997 .
Initially, the university suffered from financial bottlenecks in the relatively poor Grand Duchy of Hesse , so that after 1876, as early as 1881/1882, a further closure was debated in the Hessian state parliament. Thanks to the efforts of some personalities in the area around the university (in particular Mayor Albrecht Ohly , Otto Wolfskehl as chairman of the finance committee and interior minister Julius Rinck Freiherr von Starck ) as well as those responsible for the TH itself, it was saved. The university and the government dared to take a step forward and founded the world's first faculty for electrical engineering in 1883 , today's Department of Electrical Engineering and Information Technology . Her first professor was Erasmus Kittler , who in 1883 set up the very first degree in electrical engineering. The resulting increase in the number of students prevented the intended closure. Paper engineering and aeronautics and aviation technology were added as further subjects . In October 1895 the new main building was inaugurated by the then rector (1893–1895), the geologist Karl Georg Richard Lepsius .
The electrical engineering course in particular attracted many foreign students - mainly from Eastern Europe. In 1906, almost 75 percent of all electrical engineering students were foreign students.
At the beginning of the 20th century there was a further structural expansion of the TH. In 1904 the so-called clock tower, built by Friedrich Pützer , was built opposite the main building. Between 1904 and 1908, the architect Georg Wickop built a power plant and mechanical engineering laboratory on Magdalenenstrasse and the main building was extended to the north on Herrngarten. In 1908, the extension of the west wing of the main building was moved into.
During the First World War, the number of students fell to a record low of around 300. Around half of the teaching staff had also been drafted into military service at times. Ten teachers and 245 students lost their lives in the First World War. The names of the fallen were recorded on a bronze plaque that was placed in the entrance area of the main building. According to a design by Heinrich Walbe , a memorial for the fallen was also erected in 1919, which is located on the northern edge of the university stadium.
In July 1918 the Association of Friends of the Technical University of Darmstadt was founded . The intention was to raise funds from a. from the economy to support the ailing university after the end of the First World War. In 2017, the association had 2,500 members and assets equivalent to around 3.8 million euros.
In 1922/23 the new building for Gerbereichemie on Schlossgartenstrasse for Edmund Stiasny and the high-voltage laboratory behind it for Waldemar Petersen were built . Heinrich Walbe was the architect responsible for both buildings, which were financed from private sources.
1933 the TH Darmstadt was in the wake of the seizure of power by the Nazis into line . The conflict with the new rulers culminated in the so-called Lieser affair in the early summer of 1933, which led to the university being temporarily closed. Numerous scholars have been dismissed under the Law to Restore the Professional Civil Service . In addition, some Jewish scholars lost their jobs and were forced into exile. Among the professors were Erich Aron , Hans Baerwald , Ernst Berl , Josef Plenk and Edmund Stiasny . Numerous employees, such as B. Maria Dorer, Stephan Gradstein, Paul Leser, Klaus Federn or Kurt Lion , were forced out of the university for “racial reasons” or with reference to their Jewish beliefs. Gerhard Herzberg , who was married to a Jew and was awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1971 , also left the TH Darmstadt because of this. Under the National Socialists, the TH took over the mechanical engineering department from the Offenbach Technical College .
On the night of September 11-12, 1944, around 60–80 percent of the city was destroyed by a British bombing raid, including the technical college in the center. The destruction of many university buildings was recorded in a picture collection by Ernst Söllinger . With the invasion of the US Army on March 25, 1945, the TH was initially closed. Individual facilities that were largely undamaged were confiscated by the occupying forces. This included the Institute for Telecommunications Technology by Hans Busch , the Zintl Institute at Herrngarten, the university stadium and the wind tunnel. At the request of the three-member trust committee formed on April 28, 1945, consisting of Professors Wilhelm Schlink , Erich Reuleaux and Max Muss from November 1945, the TH was reopened on January 7, 1946. The first congress for engineering training (IKIA) took place as early as 1947.
Reconstruction on a larger scale did not begin until after the economic recovery of the state of Hesse (in the course of the " economic miracle ") in the early or mid-1950s. The organizational prerequisite for the reconstruction was the creation of the State University Building Office in July 1949. Herbert Rimpl , who proposed various reconstruction variants as early as 1949, became the first head of the office at the suggestion of the Ministry of Culture . Christoph Miller until 1951 and Friedrich Holtz then played a key role in rebuilding the university buildings. Friedrich Holtz headed the office until his retirement in 1963. The first external signs of reconstruction were the renovation of the Otto-Berndt-Halle in 1951/52 with McCloy funds , the construction of the German Plastics Institute in 1954/55 with funds from the private sector, the construction of the Stoeferle Hall 1954 (demolished in 2014), the large physics lecture hall in 1958 and the construction of the first institutes of civil engineering from 1955 by Theo Pabst and Günter Koch on the former old town area east of the castle. The hydraulic engineering hall built by Ernst Neufert in 1956–57 also belonged to these buildings .
Since the 1960s, but above all in the 1970s, the expansion of the science facility at various locations (especially the city center campus, Lichtwiese campus and the Botanical Garden campus) has been driven forward, supported by the steadily increasing number of students. The computer science department was founded on May 15, 1972 . Parts of other universities were also taken over (such as the architecture department of the HfG Offenbach ). Since October 1, 1997, the university has been named Technische Universität Darmstadt .
Since January 1, 2005, the TU Darmstadt has been the first German university to be largely autonomous. Since then, new decision-making structures have been tried out, including a. the university can manage the budget and the properties itself and independently negotiate and appoint professors about their salaries and their equipment. In 2010, the Technical University was also given the status of employer and employer. Since then, collective bargaining for employees has been carried out by the TU itself and no longer by the state of Hesse. The officials are also officials of the university and not of the country. In 2012, the TU was the first state university to set up a company pension for salaried professors. This aims to ensure that the professors are treated equally. The Technical University of Darmstadt also has the right to self-accredit its courses.
In 2005, the university was able to use its own funds to acquire the former military airfield near Griesheim , which is directly adjacent to the wind tunnel campus. The airfield was placed under nature protection, but can to a certain extent be used for research purposes.
Research, teaching and funding at the TU Darmstadt
The Technical University of Darmstadt was successful in the excellence initiative of the federal and state governments in 2007 and 2012 and received part of the funds distributed. Since 2007, the Graduate School will be Graduate School of Computational Engineering "Beyond Traditional Sciences" and the Cluster of Excellence "Smart Interfaces" (Intelligent interfaces ) promoted. In 2012, the graduate school for energy science and energy technology was also established. In addition, the TU Darmstadt is involved in the excellence cluster “ The Formation of Normative Orders ” at the University of Frankfurt .
The Technical University of Darmstadt is part of the Rhein-Main-Neckar IT cluster and the leading software cluster. In January 2010 the software cluster won the top cluster competition of the federal government of Germany. The aim of the cluster is to enable the transformation of companies into digital companies. This cluster consists of the centers Darmstadt, Kaiserslautern, Karlsruhe, Saarbrücken and Walldorf. Since 2017, the Federal Ministry of Education and Research has been supporting the collaboration between the German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence , the Saarland Computer Science Competence Center and Darmstadt Technical University with companies and research institutions from Silicon Valley , Singapore and Bahia in Brazil .
The research profile of the TU Darmstadt is characterized by the two levels of profile areas and profile topics. In July 2015, the TU Darmstadt defined six profile areas that shape the scientific profile:
- Cybersecurity (CYSEC)
- Internet and digitization
- Particle beams and matter
- Thermal fluids and interfaces
- Energy systems of the future
- From material to product innovation
Profile areas are thematically focused networks that pursue common scientific goals and develop in a coordinated manner. A profile area combines numerous joint activities that were acquired in scientific competition and that in total correspond to at least the order of magnitude of a cluster of excellence. The profile areas are strategically networked with other universities, non-university research institutions and industrial companies.
In addition, she has set up a profile topic:
- Computational engineering
Profile topics are coordinated scientific joint activities. A profile topic is characterized by a coherent research program, the core of which is determined by a DFG Collaborative Research Center or a comparable externally funded joint project. The profile topics are not only smaller in terms of the scope of the network activities, but also differ in content from the profile areas.
Subject and study areas
The Technical University of Darmstadt offers more than 100 courses in 13 departments, from "Applied Geosciences" to "Economics".
|Students at TU Darmstadt (as of WS 2018/19)|
|Civil and Environmental Engineering||2167|
|Electrical and Computer Engineering||2087|
|Social and historical sciences||2949|
|Materials and Earth Sciences||1142|
|Law and Economics||3612|
|Information system technology||246|
|Energy Science and Engineering||188|
|Source: TU Darmstadt, progress report 2018|
When it comes to strategic partnerships, the Technical University differentiates between a strategic alliance, a cooperative lab and a TU Darmstadt cooperative institute.
TU Darmstadt maintains strategic alliances with Merck , Deutsche Bahn , Continental , Bosch and Siemens . Cooperative labs are research laboratories that are operated jointly with the partner and usually on the premises of the TU Darmstadt. In the labs, joint and interdisciplinary research is carried out on a defined but broad subject area. Together with Merck , the TU Darmstadt runs the Merck Lab, in which, from 2006 to 2016, novel inorganic composite materials were investigated that are suitable as printable components for electronic applications. In 2016 the laboratory was realigned and since then has been dealing with the subject of "Inexpensive diagnostics and analysis".
Selected strategic partnerships can also receive the status of a TU Darmstadt cooperation institute from the university management . The first TU Darmstadt cooperation institute has been the DB Schenker Lab since 2012, whose aim is to expand joint research in the fields of transport and logistics and to create additional relevant offers in the areas of teaching, training and further education as well as university marketing.
The Technical University of Darmstadt maintains several research collaborations with companies and research institutions. These include, for example:
- PRORETA, a research cooperation with Continental AG , whose goal is to develop driver assistance systems that avoid traffic accidents.
- Intel Collaborative Research Institute for Secure Computing (ICRI-SC), a joint institute of the Technical University of Darmstadt and Intel , which deals with the security of System-on-a-Chip (SoC) platforms.
- Intel Collaborative Research Institute for Collaborative Autonomous & Resilient Systems (ICRI-CARS), a joint institute of the Technical University of Darmstadt and Intel to investigate the security, privacy and protection of autonomous systems that work together.
- National Research Center for Applied Cybersecurity ATHENE , a cooperation of the TU Darmstadt, the University of Darmstadt , the Fraunhofer Institute for Secure Information Technology SIT and the Fraunhofer Institute for Computer Graphics Research IGD , which deals with key issues of cybersecurity.
- SAP Research, a cooperation with the software manufacturer SAP , which researches in a wide variety of areas.
- TU Darmstadt is involved in the public private partnership House of IT.
- ESA_Lab @ TU Darmstadt, a research facility of the European Space Agency , which is part of the mechanical engineering department. It is the first institution of its kind at a German university. TU Darmstadt and the European Space Agency are partners.
The Technical University of Darmstadt is also a member of the Competence Center for Applied Security Technology (CAST) , the largest corporate network for cybersecurity in German-speaking countries.
External research institutions
Numerous national and international research institutions have settled in the vicinity of the university. These are:
- GSI Helmholtz Center for Heavy Ion Research (GSI)
- Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR)
- Fraunhofer Institute for Secure Information Technology (SIT)
- Fraunhofer Institute for Computer Graphics Research (IGD)
- Fraunhofer Institute for Structural Durability and System Reliability (LBF)
- European Space Control Center (ESOC)
- European Organization for the Use of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT)
The TU Darmstadt cooperates with these research institutes on a broad basis. For example, the TU Darmstadt and GSI agreed on a strategic partnership that includes cooperation in the construction of the particle accelerator facility Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research .
In 2018, TU Darmstadt won the competition of the European Innovation and Technology Institute (EIT) and is building an institute for manufacturing together with 50 partners, including Siemens , Volkswagen , Kuka , the German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence and Volvo . An EIT Manufacturing Innovation Hub will be located in Darmstadt.
Knowledge transfer and business start-ups
The TU Darmstadt also supports the transfer of knowledge. For this purpose, there is the innovation and start-up center HIGHEST (Home of Innovation, GrowtH, EntrepreneurShip and Technology Management) at the TU Darmstadt. HIGHEST supports you in developing a business model , in finding suitable funding programs, in networking with mentors , companies and investors , offers lectures and seminars on the subject of innovation and entrepreneurship and provides contacts. In addition, at the TU Darmstadt there are labs for different subject areas in which one can experiment or simply exchange ideas. The autonomy status enables the TU Darmstadt to participate in start-ups with its own funds. TU Darmstadt was recognized by EXIST as a start-up university and is one of the top 5 universities with the most applications for EXIST start-up grants and EXIST research transfer approvals. She is considered a role model when it comes to making start-up processes quick, easy and transparent. Since 2013, 95 knowledge and technology-based companies have been founded in the vicinity of TU Darmstadt.
Most of the third-party funding that the TU Darmstadt receives is allocated to the fields of computer science, systems and electrical engineering. From 2014 to 2016, the TU Darmstadt received the second highest third-party funding in the field of computer science, systems and electrical engineering in Germany. If you only look at the third-party funding in the field of computer science, it even ranks first in terms of absolute income from funding from the German Research Foundation . In the engineering sciences, the TU Darmstadt received the fourth-highest third-party funding in the Federal Republic of Germany from 2014 to 2016 . In addition, the TU Darmstadt receives the most funding from the EU funding program Horizon 2020 among the Hessian universities . Most of the funding comes from the focus on scientific excellence.
High performance computer
The Technical University of Darmstadt is one of the few universities that has a high-performance computer. The high-performance computer Lichtenberg is named after Georg Christoph Lichtenberg and has a computing power of around 1 Peta FLOPS . For comparison, the currently fastest high-performance computer Summit has 148.6 PetaFLOPS (as of June 2019). In 2015 the Lichtenberg was one of the TOP500 , a list of the 500 fastest computer systems in the world. In 2017, the TU Darmstadt received 15 million euros from the federal and state governments for the expansion of the Lichtenberg high-performance computer, the Lichtenberg II. This should have more than twice the performance. Lichtenberg II will be used in particular in the field of computational engineering, which is a profile topic at TU Darmstadt.
The computer science department also has an NVIDIA DGX-2, a high-performance computer with a performance of around two Peta FLOPS . This is intended to be used specifically for research in machine learning and artificial intelligence.
The TU Darmstadt is also a member of the Hessian Competence Center for High-Performance Computing (HKHLR), an association of the Goethe University Frankfurt am Main , the Justus Liebig University Gießen , the Philipps University Marburg , the University of Kassel and the Technical University of Darmstadt. Each of the members has a high-performance computer. As a voting member, the TU Darmstadt represents the interests of Hessen in the Gauß Alliance, the union of all high-performance computers at state level.
There are five locations: city center, Lichtwiese, botanical garden, university stadium and wind tunnel (in Griesheim).
Since 2001 the university has been numbering its buildings continuously according to a scheme:
- The first letter indicates the location, so S tadtmitte, L maybe meadow, H ochschulstadion, B otanischer garden and W indkanal.
- The following number indicates a subsection, such as S 2 for city center-north.
- The building number follows after a separator “|”.
- This is followed by the two- or three-digit number of the room after a hyphen (“/” or “-”), whereby (as is often the case) most of the rooms that start with 0 are in the basement and have rooms on the ground floor usually two-digit numbers. Rooms with numbers starting with 1 are on the 1st floor, etc. In rare cases, the room numbers also contain letters that stand for individual parts of the building.
In this way, all buildings and rooms can be clearly identified.
City center campus
The oldest location of the university after the relocation at the end of the 19th century is in the so-called university district in downtown Darmstadt. The area between Herrngarten, Schloss and Darmstadt's old town is divided into three sections. In the center is the S1 section around the old main building (S1 | 03). The institutes of the law and economics, educational sciences, psychology, mechanical engineering and paper science departments are located there. The new main building (S1 | 01) with the auditorium maximum , the entrance building karo5 completed in 2009 and the university administration are located on Karolinenplatz . Next to it is the cafeteria (S1 | 11) with the administration of the Darmstadt student union . Up until 2013, the Stoeferlehalle , better known for its area of 603 square meters , which was used as a café during the day , offered a diverse cultural program . The Stoeferlehalle became the Karl Plagge House, named after Karl Plagge, a TH graduate . The general student committee operates a café on the ground floor, which is 221 square meters , and a club in the basement of 585 square meters. Because of the expanded area, the name of the cultural project also changed, from 603 square meters to 806 square meters .
The northern section S2 between Herrngarten and Prinz-Georgs-Garten is the location for the departments of mathematics, physics and computer science. The oldest building is the institute building (S2 | 08) on Hochschulstrasse opposite the old main building. It dates back to when the university was founded and is used today by physicists. The then chemistry institute built in 1937 (formerly the Eduard Zintl building , today the Robert Piloty building ) was completely renovated in 2005 and has been available to computer scientists ever since.
The southern section S3 is characterized by the Darmstadt Residenzschloss , which is used by the university and, until it moved to the new building, housed the Darmstadt University and State Library, among other things . The castle cellar is used as a student party cellar. While the social sciences department and, in some cases, the law and economics department reside in the castle, the electrical engineering institutes are located in the surrounding new buildings. The lecture halls in the Hexagon are used by several departments.
Other buildings are scattered across Darmstadt's inner city and bear the collective location designation S4 .
In the old main building, the two large lecture halls on the 2nd floor were modernized by 2006. Both now have, among other things, wireless LAN internet access and electrically adjustable boards. In the west wing S1 | 02, the attic was renovated and the corridors and the central staircase redesigned.
In 2007 the new darmstadtium congress center was opened according to plans by the Viennese architect Talik Chalabi. It is located opposite the Darmstadt Residenzschloss in section S3. As an L-shaped modern building, the new congress hotel is directly adjacent to the central lecture hall building (S1 | 01) with the Audimax. Both structures are connected to one another via an underground passage.
During the construction work on the congress center and the congress hotel, the central auditorium building, the Auditorium, was gutted to the maximum and renovated by 2009. There was also a modern new reception building (karo5), which was inaugurated in 2009. A cantilevered roof and artistically processed glass facades give the building its own character. The design comes from the Darmstadt office of SHP Architects BDA Deforth, Gerber, Opitz. The interior concept designed by Fünfwerken Design AG received an iF communication design award 2009 from the International Design Forum in Hanover . In addition, the central administration building (university high-rise) was renovated and the facade redesigned.
The University and State Library Darmstadt (ULB) was given a new building behind the old main building, in front of the main entrance of the cafeteria city center, which was opened in October 2012. Several departmental libraries are also housed in the spiral-shaped building designed by the Nuremberg office Bär, Stadelmann, Stöcker Architekten BDA.
The former power plant , a machine building east of the old main building, built by Georg Wickop in 1904, was converted into an auditorium building by 2013 after the power plant there had not been used since 2001. It comprises three large seminar rooms and a lecture hall with 372 seats and should also be open to the public.
In 2010 the renovation of the physics lecture hall began.
The former car workshop in Magdalenenstrasse and an adjacent building were demolished in mid-2012. In its place, the Stadtmitte children's house was built for up to 70 children from one to six years old, which went into operation in September 2013. In the front building of the new building complex, the umbrella organization for doctoral funding (INGENIUM) is also housed on the two upper floors.
Since autumn 2013 the moat has been redesigned according to the historical model. This was made available to the public again on June 15, 2014 on the occasion of the first botanical garden in Darmstadt, which was created in the Schlossgraben in 1814.
The Lichtwiese is located in the southeast of Darmstadt's core city between Nieder-Ramstädter Straße , Böllenfalltor and the embankment of the Odenwaldbahn . The Lichtwiese on the university grounds is part of the Lichtwiese landscape park .
It was first used by the TH in 1924, at that time as an airfield for the Academic Aviation Group ( Akaflieg Darmstadt ). The airfield was expanded and was able to assert itself as an international airport for some time. With the clearance of the airfield in Griesheim as a result of the withdrawal of the French occupation forces in mid-1930 and with the decision of the Nazi Gauleiter Jakob Sprenger to expand the Frankfurt airport, the fate of the Lichtwiese as an airfield was finally sealed. After lengthy negotiations between the state, the university and the city, the urban land became the property of the state on October 28, 1963. This created a central prerequisite for the creation of a new campus for the university, and for the first time after the Second World War it seemed possible to remedy the acute lack of space at the university. In addition to the institutes of chemists, architects, mechanical engineers, civil engineers and material scientists, the campus has its own cafeteria with the Lichtwiesn beer garden .
The traffic connection was considered problematic. For a long time there was only one Darmstadt city bus route to the remote campus. In June 2007 the TU-Lichtwiese stop of the Odenwaldbahn was opened to remedy this deficiency. The Lichtwiese location will receive direct connections from the direction of Odenwald and Darmstadt Hbf. Since December 2007, the trains to / from Frankfurt have also stopped there. In 2013 a second bus line was set up to connect the campus. In the meantime, the bus connection has also been significantly improved. In addition, a direct connection KU was set up between the city center and the Lichtwiese. In the medium term (around 2018), the campus is to be connected to the tram network by extending Line 2.
Future of the Lichtwiese campus
The building department is also planning a step-by-step renovation of the existing buildings for the Lichtwiese campus over the next few years. The building complex, which was completed at the beginning of the 1970s and which houses the chemistry department, has been gutted in sections and completely renovated since 2009. The renovation of Blocks F and E was completed in 2013.
A new machine construction hall was completed behind the building complex of the mechanical engineering department. In the spring of 2013, a large lecture hall and library building was completed on the previously free space in the center of the campus. For the Smart Interfaces Cluster of Excellence, an office building was completed in January 2009 after just six months of construction. This cluster was permanently housed in the new building in autumn 2012, which was built directly between the chemical complex and the architecture parking deck.
The new M (hoch) 3 research center was opened in November 2013 and is used by the chemistry and materials science departments. An NMR (Nuclear Magnetic Resonance) hall is connected to this research center. This means that a larger part of the research infrastructure in the university's NMR area is bundled in one place. The building was completed within 15 months and financed from the university's own funds.
In the late autumn of 2013, the dilapidated civil engineering parking deck was demolished. A multi-storey car park with over 460 parking spaces was built at this point in July 2014.
The ideas of the university and the city about the future structural development of the Lichtwiese are part of a jointly developed concept “Technische Universität Darmstadt. Framework planning Lichtwiese ”, which was presented to the public in November 2012. A development plan for the entire planning area Campus Lichtwiese with the adjoining Böllenfalltorstadion is to be drawn up. A plan approval procedure is to be initiated in 2016.
Campus University Stadium
With the founding of the sports business at the TH Darmstadt in 1912, the first considerations for the creation of outdoor sports facilities were also taken into account. A foundation for a foundation with this purpose was created on June 15, 1913, the 25th anniversary of Wilhelm II's reign . However, the First World War prevented further implementation. The university stadium was then built in the 1920s. Under the direction of Enno Heidebroek , the first sports field with running tracks and long jump facility was created in 1922 and inaugurated as part of the German University Championships in July 1922. In 1924 fist and soccer fields were added, in 1928 the unheated swimming pool with changing rooms, the construction of the grandstands and six tennis courts. The architect of the swimming pool was Karl Roth . He designed an international style system. The cost of the expansion amounted to more than 100,000 marks. These were raised through a loan from the Hessische Landesbank. Interest and repayment were mainly financed by a compulsory contribution from the student body.
On the occasion of the IV Student Olympiad in 1930, the stadium was expanded to include a marathon gate and a grandstand. A 12 by 6 meter terrace was built on the marathon gate for music, the operation of the winning flags and a display board. The stadium also received a loudspeaker system designed by Fritz Schilgen . The amplifier room and other technical equipment were housed in the marathon gate. A shooting range was added as early as 1932 on the initiative of Ernst Söllinger . In the Nazi regime , those in power used the stadium for military sports exercises and for various marches. In 1938 another striking entrance portal was built on the initiative of Söllinger. The pillars of the lion gate from the exhibition on Mathildenhöhe from 1914 were reused. At the instigation of Söllinger, the inscription "The will to perform leads to performance" was placed on the inside and the words "It is to the fatherland when we seem to play" on the outside.
At the end of the Second World War, the stadium was confiscated by the Americans and renamed the Yankee Stadium. The two lettering on the entrance gate have been removed. It was not until 1953 that the university stadium was returned to the TH Darmstadt for use. 1962–64 a sports hall with a large play, gymnastics and gymnastics hall was built south of the university stadium. Since 1985, the entire system stands as an important example of the International Style of the 1920s under monument protection .
From 2009 the university stadium was almost completely renovated: 2009–2011 the swimming pool and the children's pool were brought up to the latest technical standards. The dilapidated sauna building from the 1960s was demolished. The previous grass pitch was converted into an artificial grass pitch in 2012/13. In addition, the cinder track was replaced by a tartan track. A modern high jump, long jump and javelin facility were added. In the immediate vicinity of the entrance gate, a modern, two-storey administration building in clinker construction was built for the employees of the USZ and the forecourt was prepared in 2012/13. The sports hall was also renovated in two construction phases by mid-2014.
Campus wind tunnel
With the support of Jakob Sprenger , the TH received a wind tunnel. On May 17, 1934, with the laying of the foundation stone, the construction of the wind tunnel according to plans by Franz Nikolaus Scheubel began . The wind tunnel on the Griesheimer Sand was opened on July 1, 1936. It is the only system of its kind in Germany that was not destroyed in World War II and that the Allies did not dismantle after 1945. This is probably due to the fact that the Darmstadt wind tunnel was built up rather than the usual length. The building was confiscated by the American occupying forces on March 25, 1945 and only released again in 1955. It could then be transferred to the university property. In the 1960 / 70s, the wind tunnel was rebuilt under the direction of Günther Bock , technically supplemented and expanded to include a laboratory building and a workshop. The designs for the laboratory building and the workshop come from Karl-Heinz Schelling . In 1992 the wind tunnel was placed under monument protection. The wind tunnel is the largest in Germany operated by a university, and it is the oldest in Europe.
The structural extensions in recent years have been the renovation of the tower building (2008), the Minimax building, a one-story office building (2011) and a new hangar (2012), which was built on the floor slab of the hall which collapsed in 2005.
Botanical Garden campus
In the course of the discussion about the expansion of the university in the 1950s, land south of the Botanical Garden was acquired by the State of Hesse in 1960. Buildings for the institutes of zoology, geology, mineralogy and geography were to be built at this point. According to plans by Karl-Heinz Schelling from the State University Building Office, three buildings for these institutes were built in 1966/67. This established the Botanical Garden as another campus of the TH Darmstadt on a permanent basis.
After decades of no major construction or renovation measures at the Botanical Garden site, this changed when the autonomy status was retained in 2005. The starting point for these developments was also the result of a needs study by HIS GmbH from 2003, which was a considerable one for biology Proven space requirement. First of all, a three-storey laboratory building called the Bioinnovationszentrum (BIZ) was built in 2005 for the Darmstadt University of Applied Sciences. Another laboratory building of this type BIZ II followed in 2007/2008 in prefabricated construction. This building has been used by the Department of Biology since April 2008. In 2012, a three-storey MobiOffice, a mobile wooden pavilion, was built. Since then, this office building has also been home to the parent-child room at this location. Finally, in 2012/13, a new greenhouse with a “green classroom” was built, which took the place of several ailing facilities. In the first phase of construction, the geosciences building, which was designed by Karl-Heinz Schelling in the 1960s, was fundamentally refurbished and brought up to date with the latest technology.
Additional facilities at the Technical University of Darmstadt
- University and State Library Darmstadt
- Two canteens and six bistros
- Guest houses: Georg-Christoph-Lichtenberg-Haus and Otto-Wolfskehl-Haus .
- Darmstadt House in Hirschegg (Mittelberg municipality)
- Botanical Garden
- August Euler Airfield
- UniSportZentrum (USZ)
- Language Center of the TU Darmstadt (SPZ)
- University Didactic Office (HDA)
- University Computing Center (HRZ)
- Darmstadt Railway Operations Area (EBD)
- Art forum of the TU Darmstadt .
Members of the Presidium are:
- Tanja Brühl (President)
- Manfred Efinger (Chancellor)
- Ralph Bruder (Vice President Studies and Teaching and Young Academics)
- Mira Mezini (Vice President Research and Innovation)
- Andrea Rapp (Vice President Scientific Infrastructure)
- 1971–1995: Helmut Böhme (1936–2012)
- 1995–2007: Johann-Dietrich Wörner (* 1954)
- 2007–2019: Hans Jürgen Prömel (* 1953)
- since 2019: Tanja Brühl
Members of the University Council are:
- Enis Ersü
- Horst J. Kayser
- Manfred Krupp
- Bernd Reckmann
- Ferdi Schüth
- Margret winter coat
- Marie-Luise Wolff
- Ernst Schmachtenberg
The university administration is divided into eight departments:
- Department I - Structure and Strategy (Head: Matthias Adam): The departments in the Department include university strategy , quality management and committee organization.
- Department II - Student Service and University Law (Head: Gerhard Schmitt): Responsible for all administrative matters that affect students and prospective students.
- Department III - Finance and Economic Affairs (Head: Volker Schultz): Responsible for the central management of all financial resources at the Technical University of Darmstadt. Controlling, budget management, personnel and financial accounting, purchasing and materials management.
- Department IV - Real Estate Management (Head: Heike Threin): Responsible for area management, contractual matters relating to properties, leasing and renting, control system, occupational and environmental safety, infrastructural building management.
- Department V - Construction Management and Technical Operation (Head: Edgar Dingeldein): Responsible for the overall planning and handling of construction maintenance, renovation and new construction measures, technical operation and energy management.
- Department VI - Research and Transfer (Head: Christoph Rensing): Responsible for research matters at TU Darmstadt
- Department VII - Personnel and Legal Matters (Head: Stefan Weisenseel): Responsible for the support of personnel matters for all employees of the TU Darmstadt, the personnel development and general legal matters of the Technical University Darmstadt.
- Department VIII - International Affairs (Head: Regina Sonntag-Krupp): Responsible for all international matters: international university and exchange relations, international students and visiting scholars.
|University Political Group||2009||2010||2011||2012||2013||2014||2015||2016||2017||2018||2019|
|Powerful university||20th||no choice||21st||no choice||21st||no choice||20th||no choice||21st||no choice|
|ing + (formerly: masch +)||not started||3||5||4th||6th||4th||not started|
Jusos and independents (partly with addition for the
fourth exam attempt )
|RCDS - The Student Union||2||2||3||1||not started||1||not started|
|LHG Darmstadt||not started||1||1||1||not started|
|Justice for Students (GfS)||not started||1||1||not started|
|SDS left list||not started||1||2||1||1|
|Students without borders||not started||1||not started|
|The independents||not started||2||2|
|Liberal college group||not started||1|
|Active in research and teaching (TUD Aktiv)||6th||no choice||6th||no choice||5||no choice||5||no choice||6th||no choice||5|
|Council of Scientific Staff (Council of WiMis)||4th||4th||5||5||4th||6th|
|Free list ATM||2||no choice||3||no choice||2||no choice||2||no choice||2||no choice||2|
|UV ATM math||not started||not started||0||not started||not started||not started|
After receiving university status in 1877, the number of students increased. In the two world wars, the number fell significantly. The number of students has been growing steadily for a number of years and the highest level was reached in the 2014/15 winter semester with 26,774 students.
|Development of student numbers at TU Darmstadt from 1890–2018|
|University Political Group||2006||2007||2008||2009||2010||2011||2012||2013||2014||2015||2016||2017||2018||2019|
|ing + (formerly: masch +)||not started||7th||11||9||12||not started|
|Jusos and independents for the
fourth exam attempt
|RCDS - The Student Union||4th||3||4th||3||4th||6th||3||not started||2||not started||2||not started||0|
|LHG Darmstadt||not started||3||3||2||not started|
|GfS - Justice for Students||not started||2||not started|
|Bureaucracy gone!||1||-||not started|
|SDS - Socialist Democratic Student Association||not started||2||3||3||2||2||2|
|Students without borders||not started||3||not started|
|DU - the independents||not started||2||2||1|
|Liberal college group||not started||3||3|
|The PARTY university group||not started||3||not started|
In the meantime, diverse cultural events have taken place in the Stoeferlehalle (also called 603 square meters), a former machine hall of the TU Darmstadt. These were organized by the Stoeferlehalle working group under the umbrella of the AStA of the TU Darmstadt. After the demolition of the Stoeferlehalle in 2013 and a temporary container solution, premises in the newly opened Karl-Plagge-Haus were moved into in November 2018, now under the name 806sqm. Other cultural institutions operated by the AStA are the castle cellar in the courtyard of the Darmstadt castle and the castle garden as a beer garden on the castle fortifications.
One of the oldest student-organized university cinemas at the university is represented with the student film group. The film group regularly shows films in the Audimax.
Since the end of 2009, TU Darmstadt students have had the opportunity to attend performances at the Darmstadt State Theater free of charge . The basis for this is a cooperation between the AStA and the State Theater. The costs are allocated to the semester fees, each student contributes 50 ct per semester.
At the TU Darmstadt there are a large number of student associations, which are all supported by students and operate their offer primarily for students. These so-called university groups cover a wide spectrum - from technology to international exchange and sport to tutoring, everything is included. The Akaflieg Darmstadt and the Electrotechnical Association at TU Darmstadt are among the oldest groups .
The student residences are managed by the Darmstadt Student Union, founded in 1921 . For over 40,000 students at the three universities in Darmstadt, there are only approx. 2,700 beds in 15 residential complexes.
Research and teaching in comparison
Within Germany and Europe, the TU Darmstadt (in the overall evaluation) and its faculties (in individual evaluations) regularly take top positions in rankings.
In 2018 and 2019, the TU Darmstadt was one of the universities with the most DAX board members among its graduates. In 2019, it took third place in Germany.
According to the 2018 Funding Atlas of the German Research Foundation (DFG), which breaks down the grants in the years 2014 to 2016, the TU Darmstadt received the highest grants in the field of computer science in Germany . In the engineering sciences, the TU Darmstadt received the fourth highest approvals in absolute terms. The funds of the Excellence Initiative are included in the funding atlas. In a competitive selection process, the DFG selects the best research projects from researchers at universities and research institutions and finances them.
According to CSRankings , a ranking that makes it possible to measure the academic performance of universities in individual fields of computer science, TU Darmstadt is the leading university in Europe in the fields of cryptography , IT security and software engineering . In the fields of artificial intelligence , robotics , machine learning , machine vision and computational linguistics, it is second among European universities and first in Germany. Across all scientific disciplines in computer science, the TU Darmstadt secured the 9th place among the best universities for computer science in Europe. CSRankings is one of three rankings that are recognized according to the criteria of the Computing Research Association (CRA). The CRA has defined four criteria for this: Rankings should be based on "good" (clean and curated) data, the data should be transparent and available and the methodology should be based on objective criteria. CSRankings aims to map the quality of research by evaluating the number of contributions by professors in selective conferences. This methodology is said to be less susceptible to manipulation than the measurement of citation or surveys. The methodology is transparent and visible.
In the 2018 Uni-Ranking of Wirtschaftswoche , TU Darmstadt is considered the best university for business informatics in Germany . In industrial engineering , she secured third place. In mechanical engineering and electrical engineering , it placed 4th. It is in 5th place in computer science .
In the 2017 Humboldt Ranking of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, TU Darmstadt took first place in engineering . The Humboldt ranking is based on a weighted count of the number of visiting scholars per university, differentiated according to different subject areas. The decision of the visiting scholar for a particular university should indirectly be a statement about how high the academic quality and international visibility of the university in the subject area is.
In the Research Ranking of the Association for Information Systems , TU Darmstadt ranks 16th in the business informatics department in 2017, 3rd place in Europe and 1st place in Germany.
According to the Stepstone Salary Report for Graduates 2017 , TU Darmstadt graduates earn the highest starting salaries in engineering and information technology in Germany compared with graduates from other universities.
In the Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2019 , TU Darmstadt is in 67th place worldwide in the field of "Computer Science".
In the QS Graduate Employability Rankings 2020 , which aims to measure the employability of graduates, it ranks 97th worldwide. In the QS World University Rankings 2020 , TU Darmstadt ranks 260th worldwide. Measured only in terms of scientific performance, also known as scientific impact , it occupies 81st place worldwide, 4th place in Germany and 1st among German technical universities. In the QS rankings for “Computer Science & Information Systems” in 2019, TU Darmstadt ranks 101–150 worldwide.
In 2007, under the direction of Manfred Hegger and Thomas Hartkopf , students and teachers from the Technical University of Darmstadt took part in the Solar Decathlon , an international architectural and energy technology competition, and secured first place. In 2009 the team from the Technical University of Darmstadt was able to defend its title.
In 2015, a team led by Oskar von Stryk took part in the DARPA Robotics Challenge . The team made it into the final with two robots in two different teams, Hector and ViGIR. Team Hector competed with the robot Johnny 05 and Team ViGIR with the robot Florian.
The search and rescue robot Hector ( He terogeneous C ooperating T eam O f R obots) of the Technical University of Darmstadt entered 2014 in RoboCup , the oldest and largest competition for intelligent robots in different application scenarios in the category Rescue Robot and placed there on the first place. In 2018, Hector entered the Plant Disaster Prevention Challenge category at the World Robot Summit in Tokyo , where he also secured 1st place.
Nobel Prize Winner
The following Nobel Prize winners studied, taught and researched at the Technical University of Darmstadt:
- Peter Grünberg , physicist and Nobel Laureate in Physics (2007)
- Horst Ludwig Störmer , physicist and Nobel Laureate in Physics (1988)
- Gerhard Herzberg , chemist, physicist and Nobel Prize winner for chemistry (1971)
- Hermann Staudinger , chemist and Nobel laureate in chemistry (1953)
The following courses at TU Darmstadt were made possible by the Emanuel Merck Lecture (lectures and seminars for students):
- Frances H. Arnold , Chemist and Nobel Prize Winner in Chemistry (2018)
- Harold Kroto , chemist and Nobel laureate in chemistry (1996)
- Jean-Marie Lehn , chemist and Nobel laureate in chemistry (1987)
- Manfred Eigen , chemist and Nobel Prize laureate in chemistry (1967)
The following Nobel Prize winners are associated with the university:
- Gerhard Ertl , chemist and Nobel laureate in chemistry (2007)
- Karl Alex Müller , physicist and Nobel Laureate in Physics (1987)
- Karl Ziegler , chemist and Nobel laureate in chemistry (1963)
- Otto Hahn , chemist and Nobel Prize winner for chemistry (1944)
- Carl Bosch , chemist and Nobel laureate in chemistry (1931)
- Richard Willstätter , chemist and Nobel laureate in chemistry (1915)
- John Tu , founder of Kingston Technology Co. and billionaire
- Vikram Lal, founder of Eicher Motors and billionaire
- Peter Schnell , co-founder of Software AG
- Enis Ersü, founder of ISRA VISION AG
- Oliver Zipse , designated CEO of BMW AG
- Hans Dieter Pötsch , CEO of Porsche SE
- Bert Rürup , former economist
- Christoph Franz , Chairman of the Board of Directors of Hoffmann-La Roche AG
- Carsten Kratz, Managing Director & Senior Partner at the Boston Consulting Group
- Marcus Kuhnert, Member of the Executive Board and Chief Financial Officer of Merck
- Kai Beckmann, member of the Executive Board at Merck
- Tobias Meyer, Member of the Board of Management at Deutsche Post AG
- Nicolai Setzer, member of the Executive Board at Continental
- Werner Steinmüller, member of the Board of Management at Deutsche Bank
- Udo Steffens , former President and CEO of the Frankfurt School of Finance & Management
- Chaim Weizmann , first Israeli President
- Karl Plagge , Righteous Among the Nations
- Günter Behnisch , architect of the Olympiastadion
- Jovanka Bončić-Katerinić , Germany's first female engineer
- Erasmus Kittler , founder of the world's first chair in electrical engineering
- Eugen Kogon , one of the intellectual fathers of the Federal Republic of Germany and of European integration
- Kurt H. Debus , first director of the Kennedy Space Center
- Paul Wallot , architect of the Berlin Reichstag
- Kira Stein , the first woman to do her doctorate in mechanical engineering in Darmstadt.
- Robert Piloty , pioneer of computer technology and one of the founding fathers of computer science courses
- Peter Mertens , first professor for business informatics in Germany and one of the founding fathers of business informatics
- Wolfgang Bible , co-founder of the field of artificial intelligence in Germany and Europe
- Harald Rose , physicist and winner of the Wolf Prize in Physics (2011)
- Maximilian Haider , physicist and winner of the Wolf Prize in Physics (2011)
- Peter Grünberg , physicist and winner of the Wolf Prize in Physics (2007)
- Andreas Dreizler , mechanical engineer and Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Prize winner (2014)
- Rainer Waser , physical chemist and Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Prize winner (2014)
- Lutz Raphael , historian and Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Prize winner (2013)
- Jürgen Eckert , engineer, materials scientist and Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Prize winner (2009)
- Jürgen Rödel , materials scientist and Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Prize winner (2009)
- Johannes Buchmann , computer scientist, mathematician and Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Prize winner (1993)
- Randolf Menzel , zoologist, neurobiologist and Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Prize winner (1991)
- Thomas Weiland , physicist and Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Prize winner (1988)
- Wolfram Saenger , biochemist and Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Prize winner (1988)
- Bernd Giese , chemist and Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Prize winner (1987)
- Frank Steglich , physicist and Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Prize winner (1986)
- Eric Bodden , computer scientist and Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Prize winner (2014)
- Stefan Roth , computer scientist and Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Prize winner (2012)
- Christina Thiele, chemist and Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Prize winner (2010)
- Torsten Granzow, physicist and Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Prize winner (2008)
- Nicole Deitelhoff , political scientist and Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Prize winner (2008)
- Marc Alexa, physicist, computer scientist and Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Prize winner (2003)
- Carsten Bolm , chemist and Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Prize winner (1991)
- Alexandre Obertelli , physicist and Alexander von Humboldt Professorship (2018)
- Johann-Dietrich Wörner , Director General at the European Space Agency ESA
- Friedrich Dessauer , pioneer of X-ray technology
- Li Guohao , President of Tongji University (1977-1984)
Some engineers, inventors and explorers worked at what is now the Technical University of Darmstadt, including:
- Gerhard Sessler , developer of the electret microphone and the silicon condenser microphone
- Wolfgang Hilberg , inventor of the radio clock
At 18 percent (2017), the proportion of international students at TU Darmstadt is significantly higher than the average at German universities; at the moment (2017) there are around 4,660 international students. TU Darmstadt has more than 300 partner universities all over the world and is a member of several European networks ( CESAER , TIME , CLUSTER , EUA , DFH , UNITE!). The European Credit Transfer System was introduced for almost all courses. In 2002 and 2008, the TU Darmstadt received the prize from the Foreign Office and the German Academic Exchange Service for special merits in looking after foreign students in Germany.
The Technical University of Darmstadt was named "European University" by the European Commission . Together with 6 other European technical universities, the TU Darmstadt has the UNITE! (University Network for Innovation, Technology and Engineering) was founded with the aim of creating a trans-European campus, introducing trans-European courses of study, promoting scientific cooperation between the members and strengthening the transfer of knowledge between the countries. The alliance includes the Aalto University , the Royal Institute of Technology , the Grenoble National Polytechnic Institute , the Turin Polytechnic , the Polytechnic University of Catalonia and the University of Lisbon .
There is AEGEE-Darmstadt for the supervision of international students. This student university group organizes integration weeks for incoming students every semester.
The logo represents the Greek goddess Athena in an artistic elaboration by the Swiss graphic artist Hermann Eidenbenz , who also designed the banknotes of the Federal Republic of Germany and the Swiss Confederation. A variant of the “Eidenbenz” lion is integrated in the TU Darmstadt logo, which is often associated with the Hessian lion. A similar lion from the creation of Eidenbenz is used today as the symbol of the city of Braunschweig. Univers was used as the font for the corporate design.
In the course of the redesign of the corporate design in July 2007, the logo was originally supposed to be changed. The ancient classic face of Athena was to be replaced by a new, softer face. However, this encountered opposition in the TU Senate, so that the proposal was ultimately rejected and the "old" logo was retained.
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