Technical University of Munich
|Technical University of Munich|
|motto||The entrepreneurial university|
|place||Munich , Garching , Freising and others|
|president||Thomas F. Hofmann|
|Students||42,705 (WS 2019/20)|
|Employee||10,501 (Oct. 2019)|
|including professors||566 (Oct. 2019)|
|Annual budget||1,636.5 million € (2019)
|Networks||DFH , TU9 , ATHENS, GE 4, EUA , TIME , EuroTech Universities|
The Technical University of Munich ( TUM or TU Munich for short ) is the only technical university in Bavaria . With over 42,000 students, it is the second largest technical university in Germany ( TU9 ). Their headquarters are in Munich . It is one of the first three universities to be included in the “Future Concept” funding line in 2006 as part of the Excellence Initiative. In 2012 and 2019 it successfully defended its title as a University of Excellence. It is part of the Bavarian elite network and enjoys a high academic reputation.
172 courses are offered at the TU Munich. The core areas are the natural and engineering sciences as well as medicine. They are supplemented by mathematics , computer science , sports and health sciences , architecture and social sciences (especially economics , teacher training and political science ).
Faculties and locations
The Technical University of Munich has 15 faculties , including eight in Munich, five in Garching and two at other locations. The TUM has three main locations with the main site in Munich city center, the research campus in Garching and the science center for nutrition, land use and the environment in Freising - Weihenstephan . The main site (central campus site, north site, south-west site and south site) is located in the Maxvorstadt district of Munich, directly adjacent to the Pinakotheken between Heßstrasse in the north and Brienner Strasse in the south and is therefore a central part of the Munich art area . There are also numerous special facilities outside of the main locations. The TUM Medical Faculty includes the Klinikum rechts der Isar , the German Heart Center Munich and the Schwabing Children's Campus . As part of the engineering faculty building Geo environmental consisting Oskar von Miller -Institute of hydraulic engineering at Walchensee . The TUM Architecture Museum is located in the Pinakothek der Moderne .
As part of a joint venture with the National University of Singapore , the Technical University of Munich opened a branch in Singapore . The TUM ASIA - German Institute of Science and Technology (GIST) was founded in 2002 as a private TUM institution. Later the Nanyang Technological University was won as a further partner. Since 2010, TUM has been a member of the CREATE research campus in Singapore with the "Electromobility for Mega-Cities" project. Further members are ETH Zurich , University of Cambridge , UC Berkeley , MIT , Hebrew University Jerusalem and Technion Haifa, SJTU .
The following eight faculties are located in Munich:
- Faculty of Architecture at the Technical University of Munich (main campus )
- Engineering Faculty Civil Geo Environment (main site)
- Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Information Technology (main campus)
- TUM School of Management (main campus)
- Faculty of Medicine ( Klinikum rechts der Isar )
- Faculty of Sport and Health Sciences ( Olympic Park )
- TUM School of Education (Marsstrasse)
- TUM School of Governance and Munich University of Politics at the Technical University of Munich (Brienner Forum, Richard-Wagner-Straße near Königsplatz )
as well as the following other institutes:
- Wood Research Munich ( Winzererstraße )
- Institute for Water Chemistry and Chemical Balneology (Marchionistraße, near Großhadern Clinic )
- Institute for Ethics in Artificial Intelligence (IEAI; Institute for Ethics in Artificial Intelligence; Marsstrasse)
The following five faculties are mainly located at the University and Research Center Garching :
- Faculty (Department) for Physics
- Faculty (Department) of Chemistry
- Faculty of Computer Science
- Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
- Faculty of Mathematics
However, some chairs in the faculties of computer science, mechanical engineering and mathematics have been relocated to rented buildings in the Hochbrück district.
Other TUM facilities at the University and Research Center Garching include:
- the Munich School of BioEngineering (interdisciplinary research and teaching in bioengineering , medical physics and medical informatics ),
- the Munich School of Engineering (interdisciplinary research and cross-faculty teaching),
- the TUM Institute for Advanced Study (IAS).
The following TUM faculty is located on the Weistephan site:
- Weihenstephan Science Center for Food, Land Use and Environment (WZW) on the Freising-Weihenstephan campus
There are also:
- DFG accredited Bavarian Center for Biomolecular Mass Spectrometry (BayBioMS)
- Chair for Production and Resource Economics of Agricultural Enterprises (PuR)
- Chair of Food Packaging Technology in cooperation with the Fraunhofer Institute for Process Engineering and Packaging (IVV)
- Central Institute for Nutrition and Food Research (ZIEL) New German "Institute for Food & Health"
- Campus Straubing for biotechnology and sustainability (formerly the Science Center Straubing as a competence center for renewable raw materials)
- Economics research and teaching campus with a focus on medium-sized high-tech companies from 2018
- Production engineering user center
- TUM Raitenhaslach Academy Center in the former Raitenhaslach Monastery
- Limnological research station
- INI.TUM (Ingolstadt Institute)
Obernach am Walchensee
- Oskar von Miller Institute : Research institute for hydraulic engineering and water management in Obernach am Walchensee
- German Institute of Science and Technology (TUM Asia)
- TUMCREATE Singapore
Taufkirchen / Ottobrunn The following TUM faculty is located in Taufkirchen:
- Ludwig Bölkow Campus : Faculty of Aviation, Space and Geodesy
- " Algae pilot plant" on the Ludwig Bölkow Campus (test facility for the production of biokerosene and chemical valuable substances from algae, in cooperation with Airbus )
- Satellite geodesy research facility
In 1827 a polytechnic central school was founded in Munich and in 1833 the first polytechnic school .
Re-establishment from 1868 to the turn of the century
In the 1860s a new technical university was being founded in Bavaria. Contrary to many indications, the decision was not made on Augsburg or Nuremberg (where there had also been polytechnic schools for decades), but on Munich. Today's TUM was founded in 1868 by King Ludwig II of Bavaria as a (new) polytechnic school and officially referred to as the Royal Bavarian Technical University of Munich from 1877 . The architect Gottfried von Neureuther designed the main building of the university from Kelheim limestone based on the model of the ETH Zurich . The first director of the facility was the surveying engineer Karl Maximilian von Bauernfeind . To begin with, the college of professors included eleven engineers and architects, five natural scientists, three mathematicians and three humanities scholars. In 1875, Carl von Linde founded the first German machine laboratory, where Rudolf Diesel later learned. A total of five academic directions emerged, namely general, mechanical-technical, chemical-technical, structural engineering and civil engineering. From the winter semester of 1899/1900, the university was divided into six departments:
- General department: mainly teacher trainees, customs service aspirants and students of technical physics
- Civil engineering department: civil engineers, surveyors and cultural engineers
- Architects department
- Mechanical engineering department: mechanical engineers and electrical engineers
- Chemical department
- Agricultural Department
Turn of the century until the Second World War
In 1901 the university was granted the right to award doctorates . After the Technical University of Berlin , it was the second largest such institution. From 1913, Jonathan Zenneck headed the newly founded Physics Institute. In 1916, Friedrich von Thiersch completed the university's landmark, the Thiersch Tower, and German Bestelmeyer completed the buildings in Arcisstrasse. In 1922 the Munich Commercial College was integrated as a technical and economic institute; it was the forerunner of the later economics faculties. In 1946 the institute was transferred to the University of Munich. The holder of the chair for organic chemistry at the THM Hans Fischer was awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1930 for the synthesis of heme . The Weihenstephan University of Agriculture and Brewery was integrated in 1930. At that time, Rector Walther von Dyck was committed to close cooperation with business. In 1937 Max Schmitt was commissioned to plan a new university building in Nymphenburg, which, however, was never implemented except for the laying of the foundation stone in 1938. Several renowned technicians occupied chairs at this time, such as Willy Messerschmitt and Max Dieckmann . Nobel laureate Hans Fischer protected Jewish students and doctoral candidates during the Nazi era (laboratories in the catacombs ); he committed suicide in 1945 shortly before the end of the war.
Wartime, reconstruction and expansion
During the Second World War , 80 percent of the facilities on the main site were destroyed. The building fabric (from the ground floor) of the Neureuther building is now only on Gabelsbergerstrasse and in the inner courtyard behind the “ Bestelmeyer building” (south). University operations were resumed in 1946. After the war, the Technical University acquired the Oskar von Miller Institute . The Garching site was founded in 1957 when the Munich Research Reactor (FRM) went into operation . The university appointed Heinz Maier-Leibnitz as professor and successor to Walther Meißner . He was responsible for managing the institute. Rudolf Mößbauer was later entrusted with this. German aerospace research became a centerpiece of the university. Electrical engineering and mathematics gained importance through the PERM . Hans Piloty and Robert Sauer shaped the image of the computer system. Research in this area formed the basis for today's Leibniz computing center . In 1967 the medical faculty was opened at the Klinikum rechts der Isar . After the pre-clinical phase, many medical students switched from Munich University to the Technical University. In the same year the first computer science students enrolled . a. attended lectures at Friedrich Ludwig Bauer . The renaming from Technical University of Munich to Technical University of Munich (TUM) took place in 1970. The geochemist Paula Hahn-Weinheimer was appointed as the first woman to a chair in the same year. The Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Research Neutron Source (FRM II) was put into operation in 2004 as the successor to the FRM in Garching.
From 1995, the President of TUM was the chemistry professor Wolfgang A. Herrmann , who had made a name for himself nationwide as a university reformer. He was re-elected several times and was in office until September 2019. The fundamental structural reform of the TUM goes back to his initiative, which is what other federal states and Austria have based their new university laws on. The supreme, supervisory board-like control body of the university is the university council , to which u. a. Susanne Klatten , Norbert Reithofer , Peter Löscher and Edmund Stoiber were members. The involvement of external personalities in important decisions was first implemented at a German university in 1999 in the form of the TUM University Council.
Modern history: University of Excellence
The Technical University of Munich was one of the first three universities selected by the Excellence Initiative for their successful future concepts.
From November 2006 the two clusters of excellence Cognition for Technical Systems (CoTeSys) and Origin and Structure of the Universe (Universe), the Graduate School (International Graduate School of Science and Engineering, IGSSE) and the future concept "TU Munich - the entrepreneurial university" were funded . TUM and LMU participate in the Excellence Clusters Center for Integrated Protein Science Munich (CIPSM), Munich-Center for Advanced Photonics (MAP) and Nanosystems Initiative Munich (NIM).
In the current round (funding period 2012–2017) the extension applications for the clusters CIPSM, MAP, NIM and Universe, the Graduate School IGSSE and for the future concept were confirmed. In addition, TUM is involved as an applicant in the newly approved cluster Munich Cluster for Systems Neurology (SyNergy). In the media these universities are referred to as elite universities.
The TUM Institute for Advanced Study (TUM-IAS), founded in 2005, receives five fellowship lines through the future concept of the Excellence Initiative, which give outstanding scientists the freedom they need to develop their scientific creativity, promote academic schooling with young scientists and top-class research in an interdisciplinary context enable. In 2010 the institute moved into a new building donated by BMW in the center of the Garching campus .
Since 2009, the TUM School of Education has been the thirteenth faculty of the TUM, which is the first faculty in Germany to focus entirely on the training and further education of teachers in the MINT subjects (mathematics, computer science, natural sciences, technology) and vocational subjects (agriculture, civil engineering, Electrical engineering and information technology, nutrition and home economics, health and nursing science, metal technology). Four of their currently 18 professorships are endowed chairs.
In 2010, patrons and companies set up the TUM University Foundation. The foundation aims to give the Technical University of Munich greater independence from government budgets and thus increase its entrepreneurial capacity to act. Last but not least, the foundation intends to use its income to promote projects from the Excellence Initiative in the long term and to support the appointments of top scientists.
Following a resolution by the Bavarian State Parliament in July 2014, TUM took over the sponsorship of the Munich School of Politics (HfP) on December 1 of the same year . With the takeover, an ongoing reform process at the HfP began (as of 2016), which includes the creation of new professorships, the conversion to Bachelor and Master courses and the move of the facility to a larger building near the Lenbachhaus .
A first comprehensive historical work on the Technical University of Munich in two volumes was published in October 2006 (Metropol-Verlag, Berlin).
On October 1, 2017, the Science Center Straubing , in which TUM had already been involved as a cooperation partner for several years, was rededicated as the TUM Campus for Biotechnology and Sustainability. Since then, the campus in Straubing has been fully sponsored by TUM and has thus become the fourth TUM campus.
On October 1, 2019, the food chemist Thomas Hofmann took over the office of President from Wolfgang A. Herrmann, who held this position for 24 years.
Together with the LMU Munich , the Technical University of Munich received the negative BigBrotherAward in the education category in 2017 for its cooperation with the online course provider Coursera . The jury criticized the fact that data protection was hidden in the cooperation agreement between the two Munich universities and Coursera. Coursera is a for-profit company that capitalizes on student data, for example by selling student grades and other student data to recruitment agencies. As an alternative to such commercial US offers, laudator Frank Rosengart from the Chaos Computer Club suggested the creation of a non-profit European MOOC platform . In response to the justified criticism , courses were now also made available on the free and open-source edX platform.
The so-called World Congress of Holistic Medicine took place at the Technical University of Munich in October 2015 , at which Miracle Mineral Supplement was advertised. University President Herrmann reacted angrily that the rooms were rented for it. The congress was previously held at the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich.
The ethics institute is funded by Facebook. The company is making $ 7.5 million available for this. After paying $ 1.5 million, the payment can be stopped at any time for no reason. Facebook has the "expectation" that the institute will be headed by Professor Christoph Lütge. Another line requires "Facebook's prior written consent". Usually the post of director of an institute is advertised and awarded by an independent committee of experts. Thus the independence of the institute can be called into question.
The university has set itself the goal of becoming one of the most successful start-up universities in Europe. With the TUMentrepreneurship concept, she expanded her activities to promote growth-oriented start-ups. Together with its affiliated institute, UnternehmerTUM GmbH, it offers a wide range of start-up advice, research and qualification as well as a network for founders. In 2002 UnternehmerTUM GmbH was founded with the support of the entrepreneur Susanne Klatten . In the same year, the Technical University of Munich was the first German university to set up an independent subsidiary abroad, the German Institute of Science and Technology (GIST) in Singapore . In addition, the Garching technology and start-up center (gate) for entrepreneurs was built on the Garching campus. In 2004, with an anniversary donation from Linde AG, the Carl von Linde Academy was set up, which offers students opportunities for further training in key skills beyond their own specialist area. In the same year, UnternehmerTUM GmbH started the Manage & More program to train students in intra- and entrepreneurship, thus making it easier for them to start their own new company. The newly founded TUM Institute for Advanced Study (TUM-IAS) has been bundling research into 15 future topics since 2005. In 2006, the Technical University of Munich was named a University of Excellence in a joint decision by the Science Council and the German Research Foundation on October 13th . With this award, the implementation of the TUM future concept began. The Entrepreneurial University. The areas of research funding and technology transfer were bundled in 2009 in the T UM ForTe - Office for Research and Innovation. In 2011, the Technical University of Munich took first place in the “From student to entrepreneur” ranking. Also in 2011, the university was recognized for its TUMentrepreneurship concept in the EXIST start-up culture competition . In the same year, UnternehmerTUM set up a venture capital fund in order to be able to financially support spin-offs in the early phase. The aim of the coherent overall concept is to systematically ensure the development and promotion of technology spin-offs. As part of the overall concept, various prizes are awarded for different target groups. The publicly accessible MakerSpace was opened in 2015, which makes it easier for start-ups, hobbyists and tinkerers to access machines and software.
TUM, UnternehmerTUM GmbH and the Zeidler Research Foundation jointly award the TUM IdeAward. The focus of this award is on innovative ideas with market potential from scientists and alumni of the Technical University of Munich. The competition is intended to encourage people to implement the ideas in spin-offs. The previous winners:
- Dymium: method for the reliable removal of kidney stone fragments
- modular robotics: modules for the flexible combination of robots
- Heat detection in cows: a new type of sensor for use in cattle breeding
- KEWAZO: Intelligent transport system for the construction industry
- APICBEAM: Display technology for virtual images and videos floating freely in space
- Acrai: Autonomous agricultural robots for non-chemical weed removal
- Li.plus: Rapid battery tester for remaining capacity and other important parameters
- Bioartificial lymph nodes: regeneration of lymph tissue and vessels using tissue engineering technology
- CHROMOSOME Industrial: Software for the automated configuration and real-time adjustment of production systems
- NEUROGLASSES: portable electronic aid for the blind in the form of glasses
- Sensorimotor piano: piano system for people with early childhood brain damage that works with sensorimotor stimuli
- High-end algorithms for computer tomography: iterative algorithm to better compensate for noise and artifacts in the image and thereby improve the image quality
- Physco Filter: Biotechnical solution for the treatment of hospital wastewater
- EmaCure: Method for the healing of chronic wounds by means of an individualized therapy
- Bio Breast: Biodegradable breast implants that can be adapted to the individual needs of the patient
- NavVis: navigation system for interiors
- Conchifera: New battery technology that increases the range of electric vehicles
- FasCiPlex: Enzyme complex with which sugar is obtained as a petroleum substitute
Presidential Entrepreneurship Award
The Presidential Entrepreneurship Award is aimed at teams that have already received initial funding from private investors and whose business model is expected to have high growth potential. This award was presented for the first time in 2013. The previous winners:
- 2019: Scintomics - Radiopharmaceutical and Nuclear Medicine Technologies for Tumor Diagnostics and Tumor Therapy
- 2018: NavVis - Applications for mapping interior spaces
- 2017: KONUX - sensors for monitoring industrial systems
- 2016: Orcan Energy - Products for generating electricity from waste heat
- 2015: Celonis - visualization, analysis and optimization of business processes in real time with the help of process mining
- 2014: Dynamic Biosensors - technology for measuring molecular interactions
- 2013: fos4X - development and manufacture of fiber optic measurement systems
TUM Entrepreneurs of Excellence
The TUM Entrepreneurs of Excellence named by the Technical University of Munich are entrepreneurs with a role model function. It should serve as a sign of appreciation for successful founders. The Entrepreneurs of Excellence are honored annually as part of the Dies academicus of the TU Munich . The winners:
- Ingo Ederer, voxeljet - development and manufacture of 3D printing systems
- Sissi Closs , Comet - full service for technical documentation and software development
- Michael Muth, AeroLas - Customer-specific development and production of air bearings and air-bearing drive systems
- Hans Georg Huber , Huber SE - Development and manufacture of machines and systems for water treatment
- Peter Kowalsky , Bionade - production of alcohol-free organic lemonade through the fermentation of natural raw materials
- Manfred Stefener, SFC Energy - Development and manufacture of fuel cells for mobile and off-grid power supply
- Rupert Stuffer, ACTANO - Development of project management software for planning and executing highly complex projects
- Stefan Vilsmeier, BrainLAB - systems for image- guided surgery and radiation therapy
- Olaf G. Wilhelm, Wilex - Development of drugs for targeted treatment with few side effects
Manage and More
In the area of entrepreneurship education, TUM offers the entrepreneurial qualification program Manage and More every semester through its affiliated institute UnternehmerTUM. For this purpose, the scholarship holders work in interdisciplinary teams on project orders from well-known corporate customers. As part of a start-up project, it is also possible to set up your own company. The scholarship holders are supported by the program management and the alumni association made up of former members. In addition, during the 18-month active Manage - & - More time, each scholarship holder is provided with a mentor from the business world to give the scholarship holders an insight into the corporate world.
More than 60 start-ups have already emerged from the Manage - & - More program . B. amiando (today XING Events), tado °, KONUX (7.5 million dollar financing in April 2016), Komoot or Customized Drinks GmbH with the product brew kegs.
Center for Digital Technology and Management (CDTM)
As part of a cooperation with the LMU, the TUM offers an additional course at the Center for Digital Technology and Management that focuses on imparting practical knowledge in the field of information and communication technology.
The focus of the range of subjects is naturally on the technical and scientific subjects. In particular, a "consistent policy of interlinking medicine, natural and engineering sciences" is sought. The stated goals of President Wolfgang A. Herrmann are to “overcome faculty boundaries in research” and to promote the application of entrepreneurial principles in university design and knowledge transfer .
Outstanding research facilities of the TUM in Garching include the research neutron source Heinz Maier-Leibnitz , the Walter Schottky Institute , the Central Institute for Catalysis Research and the Maier-Leibnitz Laboratory (MLL) of the TUM and LMU for nuclear , particle and acceleration physics . Four Max Planck Institutes (for astrophysics , extraterrestrial physics , plasma physics and quantum optics ), the Walther Meißner Institute for low-temperature research and the headquarters of the European Southern Observatory ( ESO ) are also located in the immediate vicinity of the Garching research campus.
The Institute for Advanced Study (IAS), also located in Garching, is the heart of the TUM future concept, which was honored in the excellence initiative of the DFG and the Science Council in 2006. It sets thematic priorities with research groups consisting of Fellows from TUM and top international scientists. The profile is always interdisciplinary and open to new developments. The humanities and industrial research are also to be integrated. “High-Risk, High Reward” is the ideal of the company's science, which should open up new fields and shape scientific careers over the long term. Young scientists play a central role at the IAS, which holds special fellowships for particularly gifted young talents.
Medicine is represented by the Klinikum rechts der Isar (MRI) and the academically affiliated German Heart Center Munich . The successful transplant of two complete arms in June 2008, in which around 40 doctors were involved, caused a sensation worldwide . After a few months the healing process was so advanced that hands and fingers could be moved and used again. In the summer of 2013, the operated farmer sat at the steering wheel of a tractor for the first time without auxiliary gloves and drove across his fields. Through disciplined cooperation in the various rehabilitation measures , he has almost normal elbow function and can move his fingers so well that he can drink a glass of water without help. Since 2013, the MRI has been cooperating with the LMU and the Helmholtz Zentrum München with the Institute for Microbiology of the Bundeswehr to ensure homeland security in the entire Free State and the FRG with regard to the B defense .
Students at the Technical University of Munich deal with the 3D printing of living tissue in order to avoid organ donation in the future. In cooperation with the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in Munich created international research center for the study of the microbiome of the colon to lifestyle diseases and severe chronic inflammatory diseases such as Crohn's disease to understand.
In the Weihenstephan Science Center for Nutrition, Land Use and Environment in Freising , the main focus is on the research area of the life sciences . The combination of these research areas gives the Technical University of Munich a unique selling point among European universities. The Weihenstephan Research Center for Brewing and Food Quality cooperates with the Bavarian State Brewery Weihenstephan , the oldest brewery in the world. A strain collection with over 11,000 isolates of bacteria and yeasts from food is managed at the Chair of Microbial Ecology in the Department for Fundamentals of Biosciences . A psychrophilic spore-forming agent discovered during applied research in the dairy industry was named after the renowned institute and the location of Bacillus Weihenstephanensis . There is also a service facility where unknown isolates can be compared with a reference database using an FT-IR spectrometer and thus identified. In order to comply with modern agribusiness and the “ from farm to fork ” approach demanded by the European Union , classical microbiology is also turning more to field research , in which new species such as e. B. Pseudomonas weihenstephanensis were discovered and named after the locus by the first descriptors .
In cooperation with other European universities, the previously unknown material lithium borosilicide , also known as tum based on the university , was developed in 2013 under the leadership of the Technical University of Munich .
Environmental engineers of the TU Munich develop fish-friendly pit power plants , the environmental concerns about the expansion of hydropower counteract through technical innovation. The discovery of the new species Listeria weihenstephanensis on an aquatic plant ( Lemna trisulca ) in an artificially created standing water demonstrates the interdisciplinary cooperation of the research groups at the Technical University of Munich.
Since 2018 research on "machine intelligence" has been carried out at the Munich School of Robotics and Machine Intelligence .
Promotion of women
The equal participation of women is practiced at TUM at all levels and for all members of the university community. This also includes promoting young women in MINT courses long before they start studying. As part of our activities for schools, there have been programs since 1998 only for female pupils for different age groups who want to arouse STEM enthusiasm through their low-threshold access and promote lasting interest.
TUM explorers: STEM impulses at school
The project takes up current and exciting topics from the natural sciences and technology and brings them to schools as MINT impulses in one-day workshops. Central aspects are the expansion of the students' horizon of experience through their own actions, the discovery of their own abilities and the strengthening of self-confidence.
TUM explorers: STEM experience at the university
The project aims to inspire girls and young women (from the age of 10) through a varied and exciting range of experiments and courses in scientific and technical matters. The two to four-day projects take place in the first three weeks of the Bavarian summer vacation at the TUM locations.
The TUM University Library is a central service facility of the university and is open to the public for a wide range of users (members of TUM and other universities as well as private individuals). It includes ten branch libraries at all four university locations. The branch libraries are connected to one another via an internal delivery service.
Campus and student life
While the Munich TUM locations are in the center of the metropolis, the Weihenstephaner and Garching campuses are on the periphery of small and medium- sized towns . Weihenstephan has taken a step towards the campus university with the construction of a student residence hall ; in Garching there are dormitories in the city.
Some subjects (physics, chemistry, biology, mathematics, computer science , teaching , medicine and business administration) are also offered by the Ludwig Maximilians University (LMU), which is also located in Munich , but with different orientations or focuses.
Since 2006 the University and Research Center Garching has been directly connected to the Munich underground network. The Weihenstephan location can be reached with the S-Bahn line 1 or regional trains and Freising city buses.
The annual four-day IKOM of the Technical University of Munich is a career platform . It is used to support the graduate's transition into professional life. The u. a. UnternehmerTUM GmbH - Center for Innovation and Start -ups - sponsored by Susanne Klatten on the Garching campus is dedicated to promoting entrepreneurial talents and offers free business plan seminars, workshops, a support program for young executives (Manage & More) and support for prospective founders. This also includes office space at the Garching location.
The TUM Speakers Series is a series of events organized by students in which personalities from business, politics and science give lectures at the TU Munich.
Students and members of the mid-level academic staff at the Technical University of Munich participate in the Munich University Choir . In addition, some student councils and the TUM student representatives regularly organize cultural and party events on a voluntary basis, including the open-air festivals TUNIX (downtown) and GARNIX (Garching). The TUM Advent Matinee has been held in the Philharmonie am Gasteig every year since 2009.
In collaboration with TED to young scientists conferences organized and understandable recorded evening lectures and posted on the network to the insights of science and technology to transport the population.
Research and teaching in a nationwide comparison
Within Germany, TUM (in the overall evaluation) and its faculties (in individual evaluations) regularly take top positions in rankings.
- In 2004, the Technical University of Munich came first in the FOCUS ranking ; The Technical University of Munich took second place in the “Innovations Ranking” by the magazine “Karriere”.
- In 2005, the Technical University of Munich achieved first place in Spiegel (Special: Study "Student 2005") and FOCUS, as well as other top positions.
- In 2006, the Technical University of Munich took first place as the strongest research university in the CHE research ranking.
- In 2007, first place in the FOCUS ranking went to the Technical University of Munich.
- In 2009, the Technical University of Munich made it to the final round of the “Excellent Teaching” competition organized by the German Donors' Association.
- 2011 University ranking for start-up funding: TU Munich offers young company founders the best opportunities
- In 2018, based on the number of DAX board members among the graduates, the TU Munich took 7th place
- In 2019, based on the number of DAX board members among the graduates, the TU Munich took 11th place
Research and teaching in global comparison
In one of the most comprehensive worldwide rankings, the Academic Ranking of World Universities of the Shanghai Jiaotong University (also " Shanghai Ranking " or "Shanghai Index"), the Technical University of Munich achieved:
|year||rank||Among the German universities|
|2003||60.||2. (according to Ludwig Maximilians University )|
|2005||52.||2. (according to Ludwig Maximilians University)|
|2006||54.||2. (according to Ludwig Maximilians University)|
|2007||56.||2. (according to Ludwig Maximilians University)|
|2008||57.||2. (according to Ludwig Maximilians University)|
|2009||57.||2. (according to Ludwig Maximilians University)|
|2010||56.||2. (according to Ludwig Maximilians University)|
|2014||53.||3. (according to Ludwig Maximilians University and Ruprecht Karls University Heidelberg )|
|2015||51.||2. (according to Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg)|
|2016||47.||1. (tied with Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg)|
|2017||50.||2. (according to Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg)|
|2018||48.||2. (according to Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg)|
|2019||57.||3. (according to Ludwig Maximilians University and Ruprecht Karls University Heidelberg)|
In the 2013 ranking, TUM chemistry ranks 13th in an international comparison. It is far ahead of all other German chemistry faculties.
The next technical universities in Germany follow in all previous Shanghai rankings (ARWU) in places above 180.
The Times also compares universities around the world annually and sets up a ranking, the Times Higher Education World University Ranking (also known as “THE Ranking”). The Technical University of Munich proved:
|year||rank||Among the German universities|
|2005||105.||2. (according to Heidelberg University )|
|2006||82.||2. (according to Heidelberg University)|
|2007||67.||3. (according to Heidelberg University, Ludwig Maximilians University)|
|2008||78.||2. (according to Heidelberg University)|
|2016||46.||3. (according to Ludwig Maximilians University, Heidelberg University)|
|2017||41.||2. (according to Ludwig Maximilians University)|
|2018||41.||2. (according to Ludwig Maximilians University)|
|2019||44.||2. (according to Ludwig Maximilians University)|
|2020||43.||2. (according to Ludwig Maximilians University)|
In the individual comparison of the “Engineering and Technology” area, the TU Munich took 25th place in 2020 (1st place among the German candidates).
|year||rank||Among the German universities|
The team of the working groups of Monika Ehling-Schulz from the University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna in cooperation with Thomas Hofmann and Siegfried Scherer from the Technical University of Munich together achieved the ISO standardization for the quantification of an emetic (vomiting) toxin called cereulide , which is the heating process in food preparation can survive and therefore represents a problem for food safety, especially in processed foods. The exemplary cooperation across national borders was awarded the Otto von Guericke Prize of the AiF .
The third-party funding of the Technical University of Munich increased by 67% to 246.3 million euros in the period from 2006 to 2010. In 2010, 19.9 million euros of this came from funds from the German Research Foundation (DFG) for special research areas and 30 million euros from the Excellence Initiative. The TU Munich received a total of around 150 million euros from the first phase of the Excellence Initiative by 2011. In the current funding period (2012–2017) it is expected to be around 165 million euros. In 2018, TUM raised third-party funding totaling almost 356.8 million euros.
An evaluation by the European Commission in November 2010 showed that the Technical University of Munich acquired the most funds from all German universities in the seventh EU framework program for research and technological development ( FP7 ). With the framework program, the European Commission is pursuing the goal of expanding Europe's leading position in the global, knowledge-based economy.
According to the 2018 Funding Atlas of the German Research Foundation , which breaks down the grants from 2014 to 2016, the Technical University of Munich took 18th place in engineering and 7th place in terms of personnel. In engineering, RWTH Aachen took first place in absolute terms and the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg in terms of personnel . In electrical engineering and computer science , the Technical University of Munich took third place. The Technical University of Dresden took first place in electrical engineering and the Technical University of Darmstadt in computer science . In the field of mechanical engineering and production technology , the Technical University of Munich took 9th place and RWTH Aachen took 1st place. In the natural sciences , the Technical University of Munich took 13th place in terms of personnel and 5th place in absolute terms. In the natural sciences, the University of Mainz took first place in absolute terms and in terms of personnel. In a competitive selection process, the DFG selects the best research projects from researchers at universities and research institutions and finances them.
In the summer semester 2007, a tuition fee of 592 euros per semester was initially charged for studying at the Technical University of Munich . With the abolition of the administrative fee in 2009, it was now 542 euros, made up of 500 euros as a contribution to improving the study conditions and 42 euros for the student union fee .
On April 24, 2013, the Bavarian state parliament decided to abolish tuition fees. Since the 2013/2014 winter semester, only the basic fee for the student union and a solidarity fee for the semester ticket have been charged for all students. The amount of the contributions varies every year and can be looked up on the homepage of the TU Munich.
TUM Graduate School
In May 2009 the TUM Graduate School was founded by the Technical University of Munich . The aim of this institution is to enable all doctoral students at the TU Munich to gain additional technical and interdisciplinary qualifications in addition to their academic work and to promote international and interdisciplinary networking. Despite the name Graduate School , it is not a school-based doctoral program , but additional qualification offers that are intended to prepare graduates for the increasingly complex challenges facing managers in industry and research. During a so-called kick-off seminar, contacts can be made and in soft skill courses, academic writing and publishing and group work are taught in a targeted manner, and scientific misconduct is prevented.
The TUM Graduate School acts as the umbrella organization for all graduate centers at the Technical University of Munich with around 3,500 doctoral candidates. The forerunner of the TUM-wide doctoral program is the International Graduate School of Science and Engineering (IGSSE), which was founded in 2006 as part of the Excellence Initiative of the federal and state governments. It promotes Open Access in science via the mediaTUM platform.
Personalities and alumni
Nobel Prize Winner
16 Nobel Prize winners studied, taught and researched at the Technical University of Munich:
- 1927 Heinrich Otto Wieland (professor 1917–1921), chemistry (structure elucidation of bile acids )
- 1929 Thomas Mann (listener in the Department of General Sciences 1894/95), literature ( Buddenbrooks )
- 1930 Hans Fischer , chemistry ( synthesis of hemin )
- 1961 Rudolf L. Mößbauer , physics ( Mößbauer effect )
- 1964 Konrad Emil Bloch , medicine ( cholesterol biosynthesis in humans)
- 1973 Ernst Otto Fischer , chemistry ( sandwich complexes , Fischer carbenes )
- 1985 Klaus von Klitzing , Physics ( quantum hall effect )
- 1986 Ernst Ruska , Physics ( electron microscope )
- 1988 Johann Deisenhofer and Robert Huber , chemistry ( structure elucidation of the photosynthetic reaction center of purple bacteria )
- 1989 Wolfgang Paul , Physics ( Paul trap )
- 1991 Erwin Neher , medicine ( patch-clamp technology for the detection of ion channels )
- 2001 Wolfgang Ketterle , Physics ( Bose-Einstein Condensate )
- 2007 Gerhard Ertl , Chemistry (together with Fritz Haber and Carl Bosch ( Haber-Bosch process ) for research on modern catalysts for the build-up reaction for the industrial production of fertilizers )
- 2016 Bernard L. Feringa (Member of the Institute for Advanced Study), Chemistry ( Molecular Machine )
- 2017 Joachim Frank (PhD 1970), Chemistry ( cryo-electron microscopy )
Other Nobel Prize winners have honorary degrees from the Technical University of Munich:
- 1972 John Robert Schrieffer (Honorary Doctor 1967), Physics ( BCS theory )
- 1987 Karl Alexander Müller (honorary doctor 1987), physics ( superconductivity in ceramic materials)
- 1991 Richard R. Ernst (honorary doctorate 1989), chemistry (high-resolution nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy )
- 1992 Rudolph A. Marcus (TUM Distinguished Affiliated Professor 2008), Chemistry ( Marcus theory )
- 2001 Karl Barry Sharpless (honorary doctorate 1995), chemistry ( Sharpless epoxidation , Sharpless dihydroxylation , Sharpless amino hydroxylation )
Numerous well-known engineers, inventors and discoverers worked at what is now the Technical University of Munich, including:
- Karl Busch ( vacuum pump technology - packaging vacuuming )
- Rudolf Diesel (mechanical engineering / diesel engine )
- Claude Dornier (Mechanical Engineering / Dornier Do X and Dornier Do 25 )
- Emil Erlenmeyer (chemistry / Erlenmeyer flask and Erlenmeyer rule )
- Carl von Linde (mechanical engineering / Linde process )
- Heinz Maier-Leibnitz (physics / neutron research and research reactor Munich )
- Walther Meißner (physics / superconductivity )
- Willy Messerschmitt (Engineering / Messerschmitt Me 262 )
- Oskar von Miller (civil engineering and electrical engineering / Walchensee power plant and German Museum )
- Thomas Scheibel (biochemistry / synthetic spider silk )
- Arne Skerra (Biochemistry / Anticaline )
TUM ombudsperson for good scientific practice
In August 2019, the university's senate elected professor emeritus Heiner Bubb as ombudsperson for academic staff. He is particularly responsible for all questions of good scientific practice . He is the successor to Joachim Heinzl , who has held this office since 2016. This in turn followed Georg Färber (2011–2016).
- In the building of the Faculties of Mathematics and Computer Science is currently the largest board in Germany (until 2004 Europe ) with a length of over twelve meters and more than two meters high.
- In the same building, two parabolic slides run from the third floor to the ground floor , which are a particular attraction for visitors. Their shape corresponds to the equation and should represent the connection between science and art .
To mark the 150th year of the university's foundation, Deutsche Post AG issued a special postage stamp with a face value of 150 euro cents on April 12, 2018 . The design comes from the graphic designers Stefan Klein and Olaf Neumann from Iserlohn.
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