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The term bioengineering refers to the application of knowledge and methods from natural sciences , engineering and medicine for the development of new medical or biotechnological processes. In detail, the definitions used by various research institutes differ greatly in some cases.

Using a narrow definition, bioengineering is the application of engineering and natural science principles to tissues , cells and molecules . However, if the term is taken broader, it also includes medical technology or prosthetics , for example .

An example of successful bioengineering in the narrower sense is the reversal of the β-oxidation - metabolic pathway in E. coli .

This was achieved in 2011 at Rice University in Houston. This way, implemented in the appropriate microorganisms, can produce biofuels more efficiently than normal fatty acid synthesis .

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Bioengineering & HEAD. Bioengineering competence platform of the Aachen and Bonn-Rhein-Sieg universities of applied sciences
  2. What is bioengineering? Retrieved February 10, 2020 .
  3. About the Munich School of BioEngineering. Retrieved May 11, 2020 .
  4. C. Dellomonaco, JM Clomburg et al. a .: Engineered reversal of the β-oxidation cycle for the synthesis of fuels and chemicals. In: Nature . Volume 476, Number 7360, August 2011, pp. 355-359. doi : 10.1038 / nature10333 . PMID 21832992 .